keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Substance abuse counseling

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678119/exchange-sex-among-people-receiving-medical-care-for-hiv-in-the-united-states-medical-monitoring-project-2009-2013
#1
Oluwatosin Olaiya, Lina Nerlander, Christine L Mattson, Linda Beer
Many studies of persons who exchange sex for money or drugs have focused on their HIV acquisition risk, and are often limited to select populations and/or geographical locations. National estimates of exchange sex among people living with HIV (PLWH) who are in medical care, and its correlates, are lacking. To address these gaps, we analyzed data from the Medical Monitoring Project, a surveillance system that produces nationally representative estimates of behavioral and clinical characteristics of PLWH receiving medical care in the United States, to estimate the weighted prevalence of exchange sex overall, and by selected socio-demographic, behavioral and clinical characteristics...
April 20, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578729/mental-health-disorders-and-mental-health-problems-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2007-2016
#2
Shauna Stahlman, Alexis A Oetting
Mental health disorders have historically accounted for significant morbidity, healthcare utilization, disability, and attrition from military service. From 2007 through 2016, a total of 853,060 active component service members were diagnosed with at least one mental health disorder and 115,378 were diagnosed with mental health problems related to family/support group problems, maltreatment, lifestyle problems, or substance abuse counseling. Annual incidence rates of at least one mental health disorder decreased by approximately 6...
March 2018: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535062/cocaine-and-marijuana-use-among-young-adults-presenting-with-myocardial-infarction-the-partners-young-mi-registry
#3
Ersilia M DeFilippis, Avinainder Singh, Sanjay Divakaran, Ankur Gupta, Bradley L Collins, David Biery, Arman Qamar, Amber Fatima, Mattheus Ramsis, Daniel Pipilas, Roxanna Rajabi, Monica Eng, Jon Hainer, Josh Klein, James L Januzzi, Khurram Nasir, Marcelo F Di Carli, Deepak L Bhatt, Ron Blankstein
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse is increasingly prevalent among young adults but data on cardiovascular outcomes remain limited. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to assess the prevalence of cocaine and marijuana use in adults with their first myocardial infarction (MI) at ≤50 years and determine its association with long-term outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed records of patients presenting with a Type 1 MI at ≤50 years at two academic hospitals from 2000-2016...
March 5, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526482/telephone-counseling-for-young-brazilian-cocaine-and-or-crack-users-who-are-these-users
#4
Nadia K Bisch, Taís de C Moreira, Mariana C Benchaya, Dan R Pozza, Larissa C N de Freitas, Michelle S Farias, Maristela Ferigolo, Helena M T Barros
AIM: To describe the users' drug abuse characteristics, problematic behaviors associated with addiction, the motivation of teenagers and young adults to quit cocaine and/or crack abuse, and then compare these characteristics. METHODS: A cross-section study was conducted with 2390 cocaine/crack users (teenagers from 14 to 19 years of age, and young adults from 20 to 24 years of age); 1471 were young adults and 919 were teenagers who had called a phone counseling service between January 2006 and December 2013...
March 8, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512811/planning-and-preparation-for-pregnancy-among-women-with-and-without-a-history-of-infertility
#5
Natalia Ignaszak-Kaus, Katarzyna Ozegowska, Piotr Piekarski, Leszek Pawelczyk, Piotr Jędrzejczak
OBJECTIVES: Preconception counseling, maternal health-related habits, diet, folic acid consumption, substances abuse, may all impact the outcome of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the planning and preparation for pregnancy among pregnant women with and without infertility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey of health behaviors prior to and during pregnancy that could affect pregnancy outcomes, including laboratory tests performed, stimulant usage, initiation of prenatal care, and folic acid intake, was conducted among 400 pregnant women...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483063/understanding-the-impact-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-on-men-s-risk-behavior-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Martin J Downing, Dominique Brown, Jeffrey Steen, Ellen Benoit
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) remains a critical public health issue among black and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM), as it is associated with multiple negative outcomes including substance misuse, poor mental health, revictimization, and high-risk sexual behavior. Most CSA research with MSM relies on quantitative assessment that often precludes consideration of cultural variations in how formative sexual experiences are understood and is based on inconsistent or overly restrictive definitions of abuse, and therefore may fail to detect certain abusive experiences (eg, those involving female perpetrators), which can have harmful health consequences if they remain unrecognized...
February 26, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400617/utilizing-bloom-s-taxonomy-to-design-a-substance-use-disorders-course-for-health-professions-students
#7
Andrew J Muzyk, Chris Tew, Allie Thomas-Fannin, Sanjai Dayal, Reina Maeda, Nicole Schramm-Sapyta, Kathryn Andolsek, Shelley Holmer
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are a public health problem affecting millions of Americans. Despite its prevalence, there are few healthcare resources allocated for SUDs treatment. Relatively few healthcare professionals are exposed to SUDs education in their respective programs, which may be one reason for this resource insufficiency. In hopes of rectifying this gap, we developed a SUDs course for health professions students combining classroom learning with practical application to patient care...
February 5, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374479/determinants-of-adolescent-pregnancy-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Ibrahim Yakubu, Waliu Jawula Salisu
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy has been persistently high in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this review is to identify factors influencing adolescent pregnancies in sub-Saharan Africa in order to design appropriate intervention program. METHODS: A search in MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of science, and Google Scholar databases with the following keywords: determinants, factors, reasons, sociocultural factors, adolescent pregnancy, unintended pregnancies, and sub- Saharan Africa...
January 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319589/preconception-care-for-the-general-ob-gyn
#9
Jessica C Arluck, Allison C Mayhew
Preconception counseling is an important aspect of the care of reproductive-aged women. Asking each woman with each interaction her wishes regarding pregnancy allows the health care provider to investigate her history. The areas to review include environmental toxins, nutrition, genetics, substance abuse, medical conditions, infectious diseases, and psychosocial issues. Then preconception counseling can be individualized. The goal is to decrease or eliminate risks that can cause detriments to the patient or her future pregnancies...
March 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319145/medical-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-related-to-substance-use-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Georges Assaf, Samar Noureddine, Silva P Kouyoumdjian, Jamil El Khoury
The study aims were to explore the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of Lebanese medical students related to substance use and to determine prevalence and psychosocial predictors. A cross-sectional survey of 231 medical students (48.6% male; 53.1% preclinical, 46.9% clinical) was conducted during June 2012-July 2013. The questionnaire addressed knowledge and attitudes about substance use, religiosity, depression, anxiety and demographic characteristics. The knowledge score was 52.7% (standard deviation 14...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294772/factors-associated-with-domestic-violence-against-women-in-iran-an-exploratory-multicenter-community-based-study
#11
Mohsen Saffari, Syed Asadullah Arslan, Mir Saeid Yekaninejad, Amir H Pakpour, Faten Al Zaben, Harold G Koenig
Domestic violence against women committed by intimate partners is a worldwide concern especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the problem among Iranian women and identify associated risk factors. Using a cross-sectional multicenter design, 1,600 women in six different areas of Iran were surveyed. A measure of domestic violence against women was administered and demographic information collected. Logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with domestic violence...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#12
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
December 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108096/a-randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-substance-dependent-domestic-violence-offenders-an-integrated-substance-abuse-domestic-violence-treatment-approach-sadv
#13
Caroline J Easton, Cory A Crane, Dolores Mandel
The current study evaluates a therapy for substance-dependent perpetrators of partner violence. Sixty-three males arrested for partner violence within the past year were randomized to a cognitive behavioral substance abuse-domestic violence (SADV; n = 29) or a drug counseling (DC; n = 34) condition. Seventy percent of offenders completed eight core sessions with no differences between SADV and DC conditions in the amount of substance or aggression at pretreatment. SADV participants had fewer cocaine-positive toxicology screens and breathalyzer results during treatment, were less likely to engage in aggressive behavior proximal to a drinking episode, and reported fewer episodes of violence than DC participants at posttreatment follow-up...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062622/caregiver-s-burden-of-the-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
REVIEW
Anam Qadeer, Usama Khalid, Mahwish Amin, Sajeela Murtaza, Muhammad F Khaliq, Maria Shoaib
Insufficient attention towards caregivers has resulted in the emergence of psychological and health complaints. Affliction tethers more towards spouses as compared to parents and females as compared to males. The role of sibling care givers was found to be no different from parents or spouses. Marital relationships were found to suffer the most, with the caregiver leaving the traumatic brain injury (TBI) patient in his time of need. The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and family assessment device (FAD) predicted a correlation between patient variables and caregiver discontent...
August 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021112/american-counselors-acceptance-of-non-abstinence-outcome-goals-for-clients-diagnosed-with-co-occurring-substance-use-and-other-psychiatric-disorders
#15
Alan K Davis, Harold Rosenberg, Joseph A Rosansky
Previous research has examined clinicians' acceptance of non-abstinence for clients who have a substance use disorder (SUD), but many SUD clients also present with a psychiatric disorder. To evaluate the acceptability of non-abstinence as a final outcome goal for clients with co-occurring diagnoses, we recruited a nationwide sample of 751 American substance abuse counselors to complete a web-based questionnaire. Respondents rated the acceptability of limited/moderate consumption by clients diagnosed with each of 18 co-occurring disorders: three psychiatric disorders (Major Depressive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia) x three substances (alcohol, cannabis, opioids) x two levels of severity (DSM-5 Moderate SUD, DSM-5 Severe SUD)...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969490/reducing-substance-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-drug-users-in-durban-south-africa-assessing-the-impact-of-community-level-risk-reduction-interventions
#16
C D H Parry, T Carney, P Petersen Williams
Alcohol and other drug (AOD) use is increasingly recognised as having a direct and indirect effect on the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, there is evidence to suggest that drug- and sex-related HIV risk-reduction interventions targeted at drug users within drug treatment centres or via community outreach efforts can lead to positive health outcomes. This study aimed to test whether a community-level intervention aimed at AOD users has an impact on risky AOD use and sexual risk behaviour...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951135/linking-pharmacists-to-the-delivery-of-public-health-services
#17
Mark A Strand, Kaylee M Davidson, Natalie Schulze
OBJECTIVE: To describe components fundamental to the process of linking pharmacy to the delivery of public health services in a sustainable way. SUMMARY: Pharmacists deliver public health services with varying frequency. A literature review was conducted to create a set of fundamental links necessary for pharmacists to deliver public health services in a sustainable way. The service needed to be in alignment with public health priorities, be incorporated in the pharmacy curriculum, have postgraduate training opportunities, have a policy or legal platform supporting the service, and have a business model for financial sustainability...
November 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948451/a-diagnostic-approach-to-stroke-in-young-adults
#18
REVIEW
Christopher A Stack, John W Cole
Optimal diagnosis and management of stroke in young adults benefit from a multidisciplinary team, including a vascular neurology specialist. In addition to the "standard" vascular risk factors including smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, one needs to consider alternative etiologies including substance abuse, carotid/vertebral artery dissections, and rare genetic conditions among others. Once a young patient is determined to have had a stroke, the next question a clinician should ask is why did this patient have a stroke? A "heart to head" diagnostic approach is recommended...
September 25, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770359/evaluation-of-community-based-cessation-programs-how-do-smokers-with-behavioral-health-conditions-fare
#19
Clare Meernik, Anna McCullough, Leah Ranney, Barbara Walsh, Adam O Goldstein
Though persons with behavioral health conditions experience large disparities in tobacco use, questions about the efficacy of evidence-based tobacco use treatment remain understudied in community health settings. This evaluation examined outcomes from eight community-based tobacco cessation programs for participants with and without behavioral health conditions (n = 974 participants). The majority (64.8%) of participants reported one or more current behavioral health conditions, including mental illness and/or substance abuse...
August 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649144/motivational-interviewing-or-counseling-medical-therapies-or-no-intervention-to-improve-tobacco-cessation-in-adults-and-adolescents
#20
Abigail R Norris, Jan E Miller
CLINICAL QUESTION: In adults and adolescents using cigarettes and/or smokeless tobacco, is motivational interviewing (MI) more effective compared to counseling, medical therapies or no intervention for improving tobacco cessation? ANSWER: Yes. Evidence is modest but conclusive that using MI alone or in conjunction with other therapies results in greater rates of tobacco cessation compared to interventions that did not include MI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE OF THE ANSWER: A...
March 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
keyword
keyword
67761
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"