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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132697/physician-practices-to-prevent-adhd-stimulant-diversion-and-misuse
#1
Natalie Colaneri, Sarah Keim, Andrew Adesman
BACKGROUND: Recent studies report that a significant number of adolescents misuse and divert prescription stimulants. As prescribers of these medications, physicians have a unique opportunity to help prevent the improper use and unlawful distribution of these medications. This study evaluates the extent to which physicians employ prevention practices with their adolescent patients with ADHD and their perceptions of the effectiveness of these practices. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and mailed to child and adolescent psychiatrists, child neurologists, and developmental-behavioral pediatricians in the US...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124512/the-counseling-center-assessment-of-psychological-symptoms-ccaps-62-acceptance-feasibility-and-initial-psychometric-properties-in-a-uk-student-population
#2
Emma Broglia, Abigail Millings, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: The burden and severity of student mental health continue to increase in parallel with increasing financial pressures on students and services alike. There is a need for a student-specific measure of distress that acknowledges their unique context. This study examined the feasibility, acceptance, and initial psychometric properties of a US measure, the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms (CCAPS), in a UK student sample. METHODS: A sample of 294 UK help-seeking students from two universities completed the CCAPS-62 and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation (CORE-10) as a comparator...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#3
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008576/-barriers-to-addressing-pregnant-patients-cigarette-and-alcohol-use-a-focus-group-study-with-gynecologists
#4
A Stiegler, L Bieber, K Karacay, F Wernz, A Batra
Objectives/Purpose: Alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking pose high health risks for the unborn child. Even though routine testing during the course of pregnancy facilitates early intervention, addressing substance use in pregnancy seems to be more difficult. The aim of the study was to identify barriers to addressing pregnant patients' cigarette and alcohol use. Methods: 2 focus groups (in total N=10 participants) were conducted with gynaecologists. The transcripts of the discussions were analysed using Mayring's approach of qualitative text analysis...
December 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964869/relapse-to-opioid-use-in-opioid-dependent-individuals-released-from-compulsory-drug-detention-centres-compared-with-those-from-voluntary-methadone-treatment-centres-in-malaysia-a-two-arm-prospective-observational-study
#5
Martin P Wegman, Frederick L Altice, Sangeeth Kaur, Vanesa Rajandaran, Sutayut Osornprasop, David Wilson, David P Wilson, Adeeba Kamarulzaman
BACKGROUND: Detention of people who use drugs into compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) is common throughout East and Southeast Asia. Evidence-based pharmacological therapies for treating substance use disorders, such as opioid agonist treatments with methadone, are generally unavailable in these settings. We used a unique opportunity where CDDCs coexisted with voluntary drug treatment centres (VTCs) providing methadone in Malaysia to compare the timing and occurrence of opioid relapse (measured using urine drug testing) in individuals transitioning from CDDCs versus methadone maintenance in VTCs...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933461/factors-associated-with-hiv-testing-among-participants-from-substance-use-disorder-treatment-programs-in-the-us-a-machine-learning-approach
#6
Yue Pan, Hongmei Liu, Lisa R Metsch, Daniel J Feaster
HIV testing is the foundation for consolidated HIV treatment and prevention. In this study, we aim to discover the most relevant variables for predicting HIV testing uptake among substance users in substance use disorder treatment programs by applying random forest (RF), a robust multivariate statistical learning method. We also provide a descriptive introduction to this method for those who are unfamiliar with it. We used data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network HIV testing and counseling study (CTN-0032)...
December 8, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911073/reducing-risky-alcohol-use-what-health-care-systems-can-do
#7
Amity E Quinn, Mary Brolin, Maureen T Stewart, Brooke Evans, Constance Horgan
Risky, non-dependent alcohol use is prevalent in the United States, affecting 25% of adults (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014b). Massachusetts has higher rates of alcohol use and binge drinking than most states (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2015). Serious physical, social, and economic consequences result. Excessive alcohol use contributes to cancer, cardiovascular disease, sleep disorders, birth defects, motor vehicle injuries, and suicide, and it complicates management of chronic illnesses (Green, McKnight-Eily, Tan, Mejia, & Denny, 2016; Laramee et al...
April 27, 2016: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905916/study-protocol-a-dose-escalating-phase-2-study-of-oral-lisdexamfetamine-in-adults-with-methamphetamine-dependence
#8
Nadine Ezard, Adrian Dunlop, Brendan Clifford, Raimondo Bruno, Andrew Carr, Alexandra Bissaker, Nicholas Lintzeris
BACKGROUND: The treatment of methamphetamine dependence is a continuing global health problem. Agonist type pharmacotherapies have been used successfully to treat opioid and nicotine dependence and are being studied for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence. One potential candidate is lisdexamfetamine, a pro-drug for dexamphetamine, which has a longer lasting therapeutic action with a lowered abuse potential. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of lisdexamfetamine in this population at doses higher than those currently approved for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or binge eating disorder...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705843/alcohol-detoxification-completion-acceptance-of-referral-to-substance-abuse-treatment-and-entry-into-substance-abuse-treatment-among-alaska-native-people
#9
Ursula Running Bear, Janette Beals, Douglas K Novins, Spero M Manson
BACKGROUND: Little is known about factors associated with detoxification treatment completion and the transition to substance abuse treatment following detoxification among Alaska Native people. This study examined 3 critical points on the substance abuse continuum of care (alcohol detoxification completion, acceptance of referral to substance abuse treatment, entry into substance abuse treatment following detoxification). METHODS: The retrospective cohort included 383 adult Alaska Native patients admitted to a tribally owned and managed inpatient detoxification unit...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647057/smoking-cessation-interventions-for-urban-hospital-patients-a-randomized-comparative-effectiveness-trial
#10
Scott E Sherman, Alissa R Link, Erin S Rogers, Paul Krebs, Joseph A Ladapo, Donna R Shelley, Yixin Fang, Binhuan Wang, Ellie Grossman
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization is a unique opportunity for smoking cessation, but prior interventions have measured efficacy with narrowly defined populations. The objective of this study was to enroll smokers admitted to two "safety net" hospitals and compare the effectiveness of two post-discharge cessation interventions. DESIGN: A randomized comparative effectiveness trial was conducted. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: At two New York City public hospitals, every hospitalized patient identified as a smoker (based on admission records) was approached...
October 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643850/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychosocial-conditions-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-southern-india
#11
Brian T Chan, Amrose Pradeep, Lakshmi Prasad, Vinothini Murugesan, Ezhilarasi Chandrasekaran, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Kenneth H Mayer
Psychosocial conditions such as depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), and history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been associated with poor HIV-related outcomes. In India, which has the third largest HIV epidemic in the world, little is understood about the impact of psychosocial conditions on people living with HIV (PLHIV). We aimed to understand the prevalence and correlates of psychosocial conditions among PLHIV entering into HIV care at the Y.R. Gaitonde Centre for AIDS Research and Education in Chennai, India...
September 18, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616600/third-world-realities-in-a-first-world-setting-a-study-of-the-hiv-aids-related-conditions-and-risk-behaviors-of-sex-trade-workers-in-saskatoon-saskatchewan-canada
#12
Yelena Bird, Mark Lemstra, Marla Rogers, John Moraros
The transmission and prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among those employed as sex trade workers (STW) is a major public health concern. The present study describes the self-reported responses of 340 STW, at-risk for contracting HIV. The participants were recruited by selective targeting between 2009 and 2010 from within the Saskatoon Health Region (SHR), Saskatchewan, Canada. As of 2012, the SHR has the highest incidence rate of positive test reports for HIV in Canada, at more than three times the national average (17...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530583/subjective-memory-complaints-of-hiv-aids-patients-in-iran-relationships-with-mood-social-support-medical-symptoms-and-substance-abuse
#13
Malihe Sheibani, Hassan Joulaei, Noorollah Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Several studies suggested that subjective memory complaints in HIV-infected patients are influenced by factors the same as mood, social support and medical symptoms. The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between depression, anxiety, social support and substance abuse with memory complaints in HIV/AIDS patients. METHOD: To accomplish this goal, in a correlation study, 220 Iranian adults (146 males and 74 females) selected from the Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Center in Shiraz in 2012, completed these measures: Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), The Patient's Assessment of Own Functioning Inventory (PAOFI), Quality of Relationship Inventory (QRI) and Rey Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT)...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530549/substance-use-among-palestinian-youth-in-the-west-bank-palestine-a-qualitative-investigation
#14
Salwa G Massad, Mohammed Shaheen, Rita Karam, Ryan Brown, Peter Glick, Sebastian Linnemay, Umaiyeh Khammash
BACKGROUND: Youth health risk behaviors, including substance use (psychoactive substances including alcohol and illicit drugs), have been the subject of relatively limited study to date in Middle Eastern countries. This study provides insights into the perceived prevalence and patterns of alcohol and drug use among Palestinian youth. METHODS: The study was based on ten focus groups and 17 individual interviews with youth aged 16-24 years (n = 83), collected as part of the formative phase of a cross-sectional, population representative study of risk taking behaviors among Palestinian youth in the West Bank in 2012...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473519/spillover-effects-of-hiv-testing-policies-changes-in-hiv-testing-guidelines-and-hcv-testing-practices-in-drug-treatment-programs-in-the-united-states
#15
Jemima A Frimpong, Thomas D'Aunno, Stéphane Helleringer, Lisa R Metsch
BACKGROUND: To examine the extent to which state adoption of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2006 revisions to adult and adolescent HIV testing guidelines is associated with availability of other important prevention and medical services. We hypothesized that in states where the pretest counseling requirement for HIV testing was dropped from state legislation, substance use disorder treatment programs would have higher availability of HCV testing services than in states that had maintained this requirement...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427179/treatment-utilization-among-adolescent-substance-users-findings-from-the-2002-to-2013-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#16
Sarah P Haughwout, Thomas C Harford, I-Jen P Castle, Bridget F Grant
BACKGROUND: Adolescent substance users face serious health and social consequences and benefit from early diagnosis and treatment. The objectives of this study were to observe trends in treatment utilization; examine correlates of treatment utilization and treatment types/settings among adolescent substance users with and without substance use disorder (SUD); and assess gender differences. METHODS: National Survey on Drug Use and Health data were pooled across 2002 to 2013, with a combined sample of 79,885 past-year substance users ages 12 to 17 (17,510 with SUD and 62,375 without SUD)...
August 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400922/case-management-may-reduce-emergency-department-frequent-use-in-a-universal-health-coverage-system-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Patrick Bodenmann, Venetia-Sofia Velonaki, Judith L Griffin, Stéphanie Baggio, Katia Iglesias, Karine Moschetti, Ornella Ruggeri, Bernard Burnand, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Francis Vu, Joelle Schupbach, Olivier Hugli, Jean-Bernard Daeppen
BACKGROUND: Frequent emergency department (ED) users account for a disproportionately high number of ED visits. Studies on case management (CM) interventions to reduce frequent ED use have shown mixed results, and few studies have been conducted within a universal health coverage system. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a CM intervention-compared to standard emergency care-reduces ED attendance. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred fifty frequent ED users (5 or more visits in the prior 12 months) who visited a public urban ED at the Lausanne University Hospital between May 2012 and July 2013 were allocated to either an intervention (n = 125) or control (n = 125) group, and monitored for 12 months...
July 11, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380837/substance-use-amongst-secondary-school-students-in-a-rural-setting-in-south-africa-prevalence-and-possible-contributing-factors
#18
Takalani G Tshitangano, Oni H Tosin
INTRODUCTION: This study determined the prevalence of substance abuse amongst rural secondary school learners in a selected province of South Africa. METHODOLOGY: The study adopted a quantitative approach using a descriptive survey design. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire from a total of 338 randomly selected learners, age 14 to 18 years, from 10 secondary schools that make up a rural Vhembedzi circuit in the Limpopo Province. Permission to enter the circuit and the schools was obtained from the circuit manager and parents' or learners' informed consent was obtained prior to data collection...
April 8, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373599/the-role-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-the-perinatal-period
#19
Tricia E Wright, Mishka Terplan, Steven J Ondersma, Cheryl Boyce, Kimberly Yonkers, Grace Chang, Andreea A Creanga
Substance use during pregnancy is at least as common as many of the medical conditions screened for and managed during pregnancy. While harmful and costly, it is often ignored or managed poorly. Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an evidence-based approach to manage substance use. In September 2012, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention convened an Expert Meeting on Perinatal Illicit Drug Abuse to help address key issues around drug use in pregnancy in the United States...
June 30, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348169/dynamics-of-opioid-substitution-treatmentin-different-initial-substance-user-opioid-dependent-patients
#20
Kh Todadze, S Mosia
Injecting drug user size estimation studies carried out in 2009, 2012 and 2015 revealed growing trends of drug abuse in Georgia:estimated number of people who inject drugs (PWID) have been increased from 40000 and 45000 to 50000. Since Soviet period the most popular injective narcotics have been opioids: home-made opium, heroine, buprenorphine and home-made desomorphine ("Krokodile") replacing each other on the black market. Self-made desomorphine typically contains big amounts of different toxic substances and causes significant somatic disorders, especially skin, bone, blood infections, liver and kidney failure; is highly addictive, associates with frequent injections that enhance injecting-related harm, including the risk of HIV transmission, in comparison with typical opioids...
May 2016: Georgian Medical News
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