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Traumatic brain injury in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452747/accuracy-of-clinician-practice-compared-with-three-head-injury-decision-rules-in-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Franz E Babl, Ed Oakley, Stuart R Dalziel, Meredith L Borland, Natalie Phillips, Amit Kochar, Sarah Dalton, John A Cheek, Yuri Gilhotra, Jeremy Furyk, Jocelyn Neutze, Susan Donath, Stephen Hearps, Charlotte Molesworth, Louise Crowe, Silvia Bressan, Mark D Lyttle
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Three clinical decision rules for head injuries in children (Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network [PECARN], Canadian Assessment of Tomography for Childhood Head Injury [CATCH], and Children's Head Injury Algorithm for the Prediction of Important Clinical Events [CHALICE]) have been shown to have high performance accuracy. The utility of any of these in a particular setting depends on preexisting clinician accuracy. We therefore assess the accuracy of clinician practice in detecting clinically important traumatic brain injury...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452732/efficacy-of-pre-hospital-rapid-sequence-intubation-in-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-9-year-observational-study
#2
Stefan Heschl, Ben Meadley, Emily Andrew, Warwick Butt, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital airway management of the paediatric patient with traumatic brain injury (TBI) is controversial. Endotracheal intubation of children in the field requires specific skills and has potential benefits but also carries potentially serious complications. We aimed to compare mortality and functional outcomes after six months between children with TBI who either underwent prehospital rapid sequence intubation (RSI) by trained Intensive Care paramedics (ICP) or received no intubation...
February 12, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446658/post-concussive-symptoms-after-a-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#3
Nicola J Starkey, Kelly Jones, Rosalind Case, Alice Theadom, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Valery Feigin
OBJECTIVE: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is common injury during childhood and adolescence but the long-term outcomes are poorly understood. This study examined post-concussive symptoms and behavioural outcomes in children and adolescents up to 24 months post-mTBI. METHOD: Parents of children aged 8-15 years with mTBI completed the BASC-2 and Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire at baseline, 1-, 6-, 12- and 24 months post-injury. An age-matched traumatic brain injury-free cohort was recruited and assessed at 12- and 24 months...
February 15, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443859/over-resuscitation-with-plasma-is-associated-with-sustained-fibrinolysis-shutdown-and-death-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Christine M Leeper, Matthew D Neal, Timothy R Billiar, Jason L Sperry, Barbara A Gaines
BACKGROUND: Elevated INR is a marker of poor outcome but not necessarily bleeding or clinical coagulopathy in injured children. Conversely, children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) tend to be hypercoagulable based on rapid thromboelastography (rTEG) parameters. Many clinicians continue to utilize INR as a treatment target. METHODS: Prospective observational study of severely-injured children age<18 with rTEG on arrival and daily thereafter for up to 7 days...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441170/management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients
#5
REVIEW
Hari Hara Dash, Siddharth Chavali
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been called the 'silent epidemic' of modern times, and is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in children and young adults in both developed and developing nations worldwide. In recent years, the treatment of TBI has undergone a paradigm shift. The management of severe TBI is ideally based on protocol-based guidelines provided by the Brain Trauma Foundation. The aims and objectives of its management are prophylaxis and prompt management of intracranial hypertension and secondary brain injury, maintenance of cerebral perfusion pressure, and ensuring adequate oxygen delivery to injured brain tissue...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433912/factors-influencing-emergency-department-care-of-young-children-at-risk-for-clinically-important-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Tara Rhine, Shari L Wade, Nanhua Zhang, Huaiyu Zang, Stephanie Kennebeck, Lynn Babcock
OBJECTIVES: Care decisions for young children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with head injury are often challenging (e.g. whether to obtain neuroimaging). We sought to identify factors associated with acute management of children at-risk for clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) and describe symptom management. METHODS: Observational evaluation of children, ages 0-4years, presenting to a pediatric ED following minor head injury. Children with ≥1 risk element per the Pediatric Emergency Care Academic Research Network's decision rule were deemed "at-risk" for ciTBI...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432249/pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-and-concussion
#7
Meeryo Choe, Karen M Barlow
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes the impact and complications of mild traumatic brain injury and concussion in children and outlines the recent evidence for its assessment and early management. Useful evidence-based management strategies are provided for children who have a typical recovery following concussion as well as for those who have persistent postconcussion syndrome. Cases are used to demonstrate the commonly encountered pathologies of headache, cognitive issues, and mood disturbances following injury...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432248/neurologic-complications-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#8
Mark S Wainwright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: All critical care is directed at maintaining brain health, but recognizing neurologic complications of critical illness in children is difficult, and limited data exist to guide practice. This article discusses an approach to the recognition and management of seizures, stroke, and cardiac arrest as complications of other critical illnesses in the pediatric intensive care unit. RECENT FINDINGS: Convulsive and nonconvulsive seizures occur frequently in children after cardiac arrest or traumatic brain injury and during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429778/hydrocephalus-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-national-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-124-444-hospitalized-patients
#9
Kavelin Rumalla, Vijay Letchuman, Kyle A Smith, Paul M Arnold
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a life-threatening sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with poorly defined epidemiology in children. Here, we report the national incidence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH). METHODS: The Kids Inpatient Database (2003, 2006, 2009, 2012) was queried using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes to identify all patients (age 0 to 20) with TBI (850...
December 11, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427813/life-after-the-neurosurgical-ward-in-subsaharan-africa-neurosurgical-treatment-and-outpatient-outcomes-in-uganda
#10
Linda W Xu, Silvia D Vaca, Juliet Nalwanga, Christine Muhumuza, Daniel Vail, Benjamin J Lerman, Joel Kiryabwire Surg, Hussein Ssenyonjo, John Mukasa, Michael Muhumuza, Michael M Haglund, Gerald Grant
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, neurosurgery in Uganda experienced increasing surgical volume and a new residency training program. While research has examined surgical capacity, minimal data exists on the patient population treated by neurosurgery and their eventual outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Patients admitted to Mulago National Referral Hospital neurosurgical ward over two years (2014 and 2015) were documented in a prospective database. 1167 were discharged with documented phone numbers, thus eligible for follow-up...
February 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427544/pediatric-nurses-perceived-knowledge-and-beliefs-of-evidence-based-practice-in-the-care-of-children-and-adolescents-with-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Tolu O Oyesanya, Traci R Snedden
PURPOSE: Pediatric nurses play a significant role in all phases of traumatic brain injury (TBI) recovery, particularly during the hospital stay. Although evidence-based nursing practice is known to improve patient outcomes, limited research exists on nurses' evidence-based perceived knowledge and beliefs specific to TBI care. As nurses' perceived knowledge and beliefs are known to guide their practice behaviors, this assessment is important to overall TBI outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate pediatric nurses' evidence-based perceived knowledge and beliefs in providing care for children and adolescents with moderate-to-severe TBI...
February 10, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420102/family-appraisal-of-paediatric-acquired-brain-injury-a-social-work-clinical-intervention-trial
#12
Lyndal Hickey, Vicki Anderson, Stephen Hearps, Brigid Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a new intervention 'Family Forward' with 'Usual Care' social work practice in optimising family appraisal of a child's acquired brain injury to ensure better adaptation during the inpatient rehabilitation phase of care and early transition home. RESEARCH DESIGN: Single site, prospective, sequential comparison group design. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Families were recruited on admission to an inpatient rehabilitation service based at a tertiary paediatric hospital...
February 8, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419604/assessment-of-recovery-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Julia C Slovis, Nachi Gupta, Natasha Y Li, Steven G Kernie, Darryl K Miles
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed a prospective database of pediatric traumatic brain injury patients to identify predictors of outcome and describe the change in function over time. We hypothesized that neurologic status at hospital discharge would not reflect the long-term neurologic recovery state. DESIGN: This is a descriptive cohort analysis of a single-center prospective database of pediatric traumatic brain injury patients from 2001 to 2012. Functional outcome was assessed at hospital discharge, and the Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended Pediatrics or Glasgow Outcome Scale was assessed on average at 15...
February 6, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407521/investigating-the-variability-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-definitions-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Louise M Crowe, Stephen Hearps, Vicki Anderson, Meredith Borland, Natalie Phillips, Amit Kochar, Sarah Dalton, John A Cheek, Yuri Gilhotra, Jeremy Furyk, Jocelyn Neutze, Mark D Lyttle, Silvia Bressan, Susan Donath, Charlotte Molesworth, Ed Oakley, Stuart R Dalziel, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare the proportion of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) that would be classified as 'mild' using different published definitions by applying published definitions of mild TBI to a large prospectively collected dataset and to examine the variability in the proportions included by various definitions. High rates of mild TBI in children makes it a major public health issue, however, there is a wide variation in how mild TBI is defined in literature and guidelines...
January 30, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396361/pattern-of-executive-functioning-in-adolescents-with-epilepsy-a-multimethod-measurement-approach
#15
Avani C Modi, Jennifer Vannest, Angela Combs, Luke Turnier, Shari L Wade
Youth with epilepsy demonstrate deficits in executive functioning (EF), the skills necessary for goal-directed behavior (e.g., problem-solving, initiating, monitoring, organization, planning, and working memory). Despite 30-50% of youth with epilepsy demonstrating EF deficits, no extant studies have utilized both performance and questionnaire-based measures to examine the pattern of EF deficits in adolescents with epilepsy. Study aims were to 1) identify the pattern of EF deficits in adolescents with epilepsy and 2) identify which assessment tools are most sensitive to EF deficits in this population (adolescents, ages 13-17, with epilepsy)...
January 20, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388885/results-from-a-randomized-trial-evaluating-a-hospital-school-transition-support-model-for-students-hospitalized-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Ann Glang, Bonnie Todis, Debbie Ettel, Shari L Wade, Keith Owen Yeates
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of the STEP model, a systematic hospital-school transition protocol for children hospitalized for TBI. SETTING: Five children's hospitals in Colorado, Ohio, and Oregon. PARTICIPANTS: Hundred families of children with mild, complicated mild, moderate, or severe TBI. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial (RCT); participants were randomized while hospitalized to the STEP (a standardized hospital-school transition protocol for children treated for TBI) or usual care condition...
February 1, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388703/gender-differences-in-neurocognitive-performance-among-children-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Shira Segev, Maayan Shorer, Tammy Pilowsky Peleg, Alan Apter, Silvana Fennig, Yuri Rassovsky
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are frequent sequelae after motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). These two pathologies often have overlapping neurocognitive deficits across several domains, such as attention, memory, and executive functions. The present study was an effort to examine the contribution of gender to these overlapping symptoms. To this end, psychodiagnostic and neuropsychological data were collected on 61 children and adolescents 3 months following MVA. All participants were diagnosed with PTSD, and about half (n = 33) also received a diagnosis of mTBI...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386275/risk-for-injuries-and-accidents-in-epilepsy-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Benno Mahler, Sofia Carlsson, Tomas Andersson, Torbjörn Tomson
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk for injuries/accidents in people with newly diagnosed epileptic seizures in relation to comorbidities. METHODS: Between September 1, 2001, and August 31, 2008, individuals in northern Stockholm with incident unprovoked seizures (epilepsy; n = 2,130) were included in a registry. For every epilepsy patient, 8 individuals matched for sex and inclusion year (n = 16,992) were randomly selected as references from the population of the catchment area...
January 31, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385015/the-effect-of-admission-functional-independence-on-early-recovery-in-pediatric-traumatic-and-nontraumatic-brain-injury
#19
Cherylynn Marino, Amanda Botticello, Julia H Coyne, Michael Dribbon, John DeLuca
OBJECTIVE: To examine functional independence at admission as a predictor of outcomes during an initial inpatient hospitalization for a pediatric brain injury. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 531 pediatric inpatients with traumatic (n = 298) or nontraumatic (n = 233) brain injuries. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data extracted from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation. MAIN MEASURE: The Functional Independence Measure for Children, a measure of self-care, mobility, and cognitive independence...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385009/evidence-and-consensus-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-communication-and-swallowing-disorders-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Cristina Mei, Vicki Anderson, Mary-Clare Waugh, Louise Cahill, Angela T Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based management guidelines for communication and swallowing disorders following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) are scarcely available, potentially resulting in suboptimal outcomes. To improve clinical care of this population, a multidisciplinary guideline development committee was formed to develop evidence-based recommendation (EBR) and consensus-based recommendation (CBR) for the management of speech, language, and swallowing disorders during the first year of recovery...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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