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Neurofeedback meditation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894358/attentional-and-affective-consequences-of-technology-supported-mindfulness-training-a-randomised-active-control-efficacy-trial
#1
Sheffy Bhayee, Patricia Tomaszewski, Daniel H Lee, Graeme Moffat, Lou Pino, Sylvain Moreno, Norman A S Farb
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness training (MT) programs represent an approach to attention training with well-validated mental health benefits. However, research supporting MT efficacy is based predominantly on weekly-meeting, facilitator-led, group-intervention formats. It is unknown whether participants might benefit from neurofeedback-assisted, technology-supported MT (N-tsMT), in which meditation is delivered individually, without the need for a facilitator, travel to a training site, or the presence of a supportive group environment...
November 29, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516747/smartphone-based-psychotherapeutic-micro-interventions-to-improve-mood-in-a-real-world-setting
#2
Gunther Meinlschmidt, Jong-Hwan Lee, Esther Stalujanis, Angelo Belardi, Minkyung Oh, Eun Kyung Jung, Hyun-Chul Kim, Janine Alfano, Seung-Schik Yoo, Marion Tegethoff
BACKGROUND: Using mobile communication technology as new personalized approach to treat mental disorders or to more generally improve quality of life is highly promising. Knowledge about intervention components that target key psychopathological processes in terms of transdiagnostic psychotherapy approaches is urgently needed. We explored the use of smartphone-based micro-interventions based on psychotherapeutic techniques, guided by short video-clips, to elicit mood changes. METHOD: As part of a larger neurofeedback study, all subjects-after being randomly assigned to an experimental or control neurofeedback condition-underwent daily smartphone-based micro-interventions for 13 consecutive days...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164469/the-subtle-body-an-interoceptive-map-of-central-nervous-system-function-and-meditative-mind-brain-body-integration
#3
Joseph J Loizzo
Meditation research has begun to clarify the brain effects and mechanisms of contemplative practices while generating a range of typologies and explanatory models to guide further study. This comparative review explores a neglected area relevant to current research: the validity of a traditional central nervous system (CNS) model that coevolved with the practices most studied today and that provides the first comprehensive neural-based typology and mechanistic framework of contemplative practices. The subtle body model, popularly known as the chakra system from Indian yoga, was and is used as a map of CNS function in traditional Indian and Tibetan medicine, neuropsychiatry, and neuropsychology...
June 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27025611/the-sensorium-psychophysiological-evaluation-of-responses-to-a-multimodal-neurofeedback-environment
#4
Thilo Hinterberger, Elena Fürnrohr
The Sensorium is a multimodal neurofeedback environment that reflects a person's physiological state by presenting physiological signals via orchestral sounds from a speaker and multi-coloured lights projected onto a white surface. The software manages acquisition, real-time processing, storage, and sonification of various physiological signals such as the electroencephalogram (EEG) or electrocardiogram (ECG). Each of the 36 participants completed 6 interventional conditions consisting of three different Sensorium-phases with EEG and ECG feedback, a mindfulness meditation, a guided body scan exercise, and a Pseudo-Sensorium using pre-recorded data that did not reflect the subject's own physiology...
September 2016: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26921712/source-space-eeg-neurofeedback-links-subjective-experience-with-brain-activity-during-effortless-awareness-meditation
#5
Remko van Lutterveld, Sean D Houlihan, Prasanta Pal, Matthew D Sacchet, Cinque McFarlane-Blake, Payal R Patel, John S Sullivan, Alex Ossadtchi, Susan Druker, Clemens Bauer, Judson A Brewer
BACKGROUND: Meditation is increasingly showing beneficial effects for psychiatric disorders. However, learning to meditate is not straightforward as there are no easily discernible outward signs of performance and thus no direct feedback is possible. As meditation has been found to correlate with posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) activity, we tested whether source-space EEG neurofeedback from the PCC followed the subjective experience of effortless awareness (a major component of meditation), and whether participants could volitionally control the signal...
February 26, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25875125/the-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Amparo Núñez-Beltrán, Alain D Mayhew, Matthew J Page, Manuel Ridao, Aurelio Tobías, Miguel A Catalá, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, David Moher
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of children and adolescents, with a significant impact on health services and the community in terms of economic and social burdens. The objective of this systematic review will be to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments in children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: Searches involving PubMed/MEDLINE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews will be used to identify related systematic reviews and relevant randomized trials...
February 27, 2015: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25287554/baseline-brain-activity-predicts-response-to-neuromodulatory-pain-treatment
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mark P Jensen, Leslie H Sherlin, Felipe Fregni, Ann Gianas, Jon D Howe, Shahin Hakimian
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the associations between baseline electroencephalogram (EEG)-assessed brain oscillations and subsequent response to four neuromodulatory treatments. Based on available research, we hypothesized that baseline theta oscillations would prospectively predict response to hypnotic analgesia. Analyses involving other oscillations and the other treatments (meditation, neurofeedback, and both active and sham transcranial direct current stimulation) were viewed as exploratory, given the lack of previous research examining brain oscillations as predictors of response to these other treatments...
December 2014: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24906585/modulatory-effects-of-aromatherapy-massage-intervention-on-electroencephalogram-psychological-assessments-salivary-cortisol-and-plasma-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#8
Jin-Ji Wu, Yanji Cui, Yoon-Sil Yang, Moon-Seok Kang, Sung-Cherl Jung, Hyeung Keun Park, Hye-Young Yeun, Won Jung Jang, Sunjoo Lee, Young Sook Kwak, Su-Yong Eun
OBJECTIVES: Aromatherapy massage is commonly used for the stress management of healthy individuals, and also has been often employed as a therapeutic use for pain control and alleviating psychological distress, such as anxiety and depression, in oncological palliative care patients. However, the exact biological basis of aromatherapy massage is poorly understood. Therefore, we evaluated here the effects of aromatherapy massage interventions on multiple neurobiological indices such as quantitative psychological assessments, electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectrum pattern, salivary cortisol and plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels...
June 2014: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24547804/psychological-pain-interventions-and-neurophysiology-implications-for-a-mechanism-based-approach
#9
REVIEW
Herta Flor
This article provides an illustrative overview of neurophysiological changes related to acute and chronic pain involving structural and functional brain changes, which might be the targets of psychological interventions. A number of psychological pain treatments have been examined with respect to their effects on brain activity, ranging from cognitive- and operant behavioral interventions, meditation and hypnosis, to neuro- and biofeedback, discrimination training, imagery and mirror treatment, as well as virtual reality and placebo applications...
February 2014: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24535464/neuromodulatory-treatments-for-chronic-pain-efficacy-and-mechanisms
#10
REVIEW
Mark P Jensen, Melissa A Day, Jordi Miró
Chronic pain is common, and the available treatments do not provide adequate relief for most patients. Neuromodulatory interventions that modify brain processes underlying the experience of pain have the potential to provide substantial relief for some of these patients. The purpose of this Review is to summarize the state of knowledge regarding the efficacy and mechanisms of noninvasive neuromodulatory treatments for chronic pain. The findings provide support for the efficacy and positive side-effect profile of hypnosis, and limited evidence for the potential efficacy of meditation training, noninvasive electrical stimulation procedures, and neurofeedback procedures...
March 2014: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24125857/eeg-neurofeedback-for-optimising-performance-i-a-review-of-cognitive-and-affective-outcome-in-healthy-participants
#11
REVIEW
John H Gruzelier
A re-emergence of research on EEG-neurofeedback followed controlled evidence of clinical benefits and validation of cognitive/affective gains in healthy participants including correlations in support of feedback learning mediating outcome. Controlled studies with healthy and elderly participants, which have increased exponentially, are reviewed including protocols from the clinic: sensory-motor rhythm, beta1 and alpha/theta ratios, down-training theta maxima, and from neuroscience: upper-alpha, theta, gamma, alpha desynchronisation...
July 2014: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24109463/meditation-and-neurofeedback
#12
Tracy Brandmeyer, Arnaud Delorme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24106472/what-about-the-self-is-processed-in-the-posterior-cingulate-cortex
#13
REVIEW
Judson A Brewer, Kathleen A Garrison, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli
In the past decade, neuroimaging research has begun to identify key brain regions involved in self-referential processing, most consistently midline structures such as the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). The majority of studies have employed cognitive tasks such as judgment about trait adjectives or mind wandering, that have been associated with increased PCC activity. Conversely, tasks that share an element of present-centered attention (being "on task"), ranging from working memory to meditation, have been associated with decreased PCC activity...
2013: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24033438/the-posterior-cingulate-cortex-as-a-plausible-mechanistic-target-of-meditation-findings-from-neuroimaging
#14
Judson A Brewer, Kathleen A Garrison
There has been an increased interest in mindfulness and meditation training over the past decade. As evidenced by exponential growth in the number of publications since the beginning of the 21st century, progressively more is becoming known about both the clinical efficacy and underlying neurobiological mechanisms of mindfulness training. This paper briefly highlights psychological models of stress that converge between ancient and modern day (e.g., operant conditioning); identifies key brain regions that, with these models, are biologically plausible targets for mindfulness (e...
January 2014: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23964222/effortless-awareness-using-real-time-neurofeedback-to-investigate-correlates-of-posterior-cingulate-cortex-activity-in-meditators-self-report
#15
Kathleen A Garrison, Juan F Santoyo, Jake H Davis, Thomas A Thornhill, Catherine E Kerr, Judson A Brewer
Neurophenomenological studies seek to utilize first-person self-report to elucidate cognitive processes related to physiological data. Grounded theory offers an approach to the qualitative analysis of self-report, whereby theoretical constructs are derived from empirical data. Here we used grounded theory methodology (GTM) to assess how the first-person experience of meditation relates to neural activity in a core region of the default mode network-the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). We analyzed first-person data consisting of meditators' accounts of their subjective experience during runs of a real time fMRI neurofeedback study of meditation, and third-person data consisting of corresponding feedback graphs of PCC activity during the same runs...
2013: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23706958/effects-of-non-pharmacological-pain-treatments-on-brain-states
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mark P Jensen, Leslie H Sherlin, Robert L Askew, Felipe Fregni, Gregory Witkop, Ann Gianas, Jon D Howe, Shahin Hakimian
OBJECTIVE: To (1) evaluate the effects of a single session of four non-pharmacological pain interventions, relative to a sham tDCS procedure, on pain and electroencephalogram- (EEG-) assessed brain oscillations, and (2) determine the extent to which procedure-related changes in pain intensity are associated with changes in brain oscillations. METHODS: 30 individuals with spinal cord injury and chronic pain were given an EEG and administered measures of pain before and after five procedures (hypnosis, meditation, transcranial direct current stimulation [tDCS], neurofeedback, and a control sham tDCS procedure)...
October 2013: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23684866/real-time-fmri-links-subjective-experience-with-brain-activity-during-focused-attention
#17
Kathleen A Garrison, Dustin Scheinost, Patrick D Worhunsky, Hani M Elwafi, Thomas A Thornhill, Evan Thompson, Clifford Saron, Gaëlle Desbordes, Hedy Kober, Michelle Hampson, Jeremy R Gray, R Todd Constable, Xenophon Papademetris, Judson A Brewer
Recent advances in brain imaging have improved the measure of neural processes related to perceptual, cognitive and affective functions, yet the relation between brain activity and subjective experience remains poorly characterized. In part, it is a challenge to obtain reliable accounts of participant's experience in such studies. Here we addressed this limitation by utilizing experienced meditators who are expert in introspection. We tested a novel method to link objective and subjective data, using real-time fMRI (rt-fMRI) to provide participants with feedback of their own brain activity during an ongoing task...
November 1, 2013: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23171535/conscious-attention-meditation-and-bilateral-information-transfer
#18
Petr Bob, Elizabeth M Zimmerman, Elizabeth A Hamilton, Jenna G Sheftel, Stephanie D Bajo, Jiri Raboch, Megan Golla, Lukasz M Konopka
Recent findings indicate that conscious attention is related to large-scale information integration of various brain regions, including both hemispheres, that enables integration of parallel distributed modalities of processed information. There is also evidence that the level of information transference related to integration or splitting among brain regions, and between hemispheres, establishes a certain level of efficiency of the information processing. The level of information transference also may have modulatory influences on attentional capacity that are closely linked to the emotional arousal and autonomic response related to a stimulus...
January 2013: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21303197/neurofeedback-enhanced-gamma-brainwaves-from-the-prefrontal-cortical-region-of-meditators-and-non-meditators-and-associated-subjective-experiences
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Beverly Rubik
OBJECTIVES: This study had two aims: (1) to explore the inner experiences associated with increased production of gamma brainwaves in an initial neurofeedback experience; and (2) to measure and compare neurofeedback-enhanced increased output from the prefrontal cortical region of meditators and non-meditators, using the Peak Brain Happiness Trainer(™) neurofeedback system. DESIGN: This was a controlled pilot study; it involved a single session per subject. SETTING: The research was conducted in a nonprofit laboratory in the United States...
February 2011: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19082646/a-theory-of-alpha-theta-neurofeedback-creative-performance-enhancement-long-distance-functional-connectivity-and-psychological-integration
#20
REVIEW
John Gruzelier
Professionally significant enhancement of music and dance performance and mood has followed training with an EEG-neurofeedback protocol which increases the ratio of theta to alpha waves using auditory feedback with eyes closed. While originally the protocol was designed to induce hypnogogia, a state historically associated with creativity, the outcome was psychological integration, while subsequent applications focusing on raising the theta-alpha ratio, reduced depression and anxiety in alcoholism and resolved post traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD)...
February 2009: Cognitive Processing
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