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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822205/comparison-of-effectiveness-of-two-different-artemisinin-based-combination-therapies-in-an-area-with-high-seasonal-transmission-of-malaria-in-burkina-faso
#1
Paul Sondo, Karim Derra, Seydou Diallo Nakanabo, Zekiba Tarnagda, Adama Kazienga, Innocent Valea, Herman Sorgho, Jean-Bosco Ouédraogo, Tinga Robert Guiguemdé, Halidou Tinto
In Sahelian countries such as Burkina Faso, malaria transmission is seasonal with a high incidence of transmission during the rainy season. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the two recommended treatments (Artemether-Lumefantrine and Artesunate-Amodiaquine) for uncomplicated malaria in Burkina Faso regarding this seasonal variation of malaria transmission. This is part of a randomized open label trial comparing the effectiveness and safety of Artemether-Lumefantrine versus Artesunate-Amodiaquine according to routine practice in Nanoro...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820681/efficacy-safety-and-cost-effectiveness-of-thermotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-leishmania-donovani-induced-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Wardha F Refai, Nayani P Madarasingha, Buthsiri Sumanasena, Sudath Weerasingha, Amala De Silva, Rohini Fernandopulle, Abhay R Satoskar, Nadira D Karunaweera
Leishmania donovani causes cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Sri Lanka. Standard treatment is multiple, painful doses of intralesional sodium stibogluconate (IL-SSG). Treatment failures are increasingly reported, hence the need to investigate alternatives. Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of thermotherapy were assessed for the first time for L. donovani CL. A single blinded noninferiority randomized controlled trial was conducted on new laboratory-confirmed CL patients with single lesions (N = 213). Selected patients were randomly assigned to 1) test group (N = 98; single session of radiofrequency-induced heat therapy (RFHT) given at 50°C for 30 seconds) and 2) control group (N = 115; 1-3 mL IL-SSG given weekly, until cure/10 doses)...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819209/synergistic-immuno-photothermal-nanotherapy-symphony-for-the-treatment-of-unresectable-and-metastatic-cancers
#3
Yang Liu, Paolo Maccarini, Gregory M Palmer, Wiguins Etienne, Yulin Zhao, Chen-Ting Lee, Xiumei Ma, Brant A Inman, Tuan Vo-Dinh
Metastatic spread is the mechanism in more than 90 percent of cancer deaths and current therapeutic options, such as systemic chemotherapy, are often ineffective. Here we provide a proof of principle for a novel two-pronged modality referred to as Synergistic Immuno Photothermal Nanotherapy (SYMPHONY) having the potential to safely eradicate both primary tumors and distant metastatic foci. Using a combination of immune-checkpoint inhibition and plasmonic gold nanostar (GNS)-mediated photothermal therapy, we were able to achieve complete eradication of primary treated tumors and distant untreated tumors in some mice implanted with the MB49 bladder cancer cells...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818454/the-anti-tumor-effect-of-intravesical-administration-of-normal-urothelial-cells-on-bladder-cancer
#4
Chi-Ping Huang, Chi-Cheng Chen, Chih-Rong Shyr
BACKGROUND AIMS: Urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) is the second most common cancer of the genitourinary tract and for advanced forms of the disease it has a high mortality rate. There are no approved new molecularly targeted agents or chemotherapeutics for advanced UBC beyond cisplatin-based chemotherapy except the recently approved anti-programmed death ligand 1 (anti-PD-1/PD-L1) antibody. With complex genetic and epigenetic alterations in tumors, despite several druggable targets identified, to cure UBC is still a challenging unmet medical need...
August 14, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817720/targeting-of-cdk9-with-indirubin-3-monoxime-safely-and-durably-reduces-hiv-viremia-in-chronically-infected-humanized-mice
#5
Sandra Medina-Moreno, Thomas C Dowling, Juan C Zapata, Nhut M Le, Edward Sausville, Joseph Bryant, Robert R Redfield, Alonso Heredia
Successful propagation of HIV in the human host requires entry into a permissive cell, reverse transcription of viral RNA, integration into the human genome, transcription of the integrated provirus, and assembly/release of new virus particles. Currently, there are antiretrovirals against each of these viral steps, except for provirus transcription. An inhibitor of HIV transcription could both increase potency of treatment and suppress drug-resistant strains. Cellular cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) serves as a cofactor for the HIV Tat protein and is required for effective transcription of the provirus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816971/combining-of-serial-embolization-and-denosumab-for-large-sacropelvic-giant-cell-tumor-case-report-of-3-cases
#6
Tao Ji, Yi Yang, Yifei Wang, Kunkun Sun, Wei Guo
RATIONALE: Both serial arterial embolization (SAE) and denosumab have been proved to be effective in treatment for giant cell tumor (GCT). There is potential synergic effect of combining two methods. The purpose of current study is to justify a new treatment strategy of combination of SAE and denosumab as neoadjuvant or stand-alone treatment for large sacropelvic giant cell tumor. PATIENT CONCERNS: Pelvic and sacral GCTs tend to be very large size and vascular. The concerns of surgical treatment were invasiveness of extensive surgery, intraoperative hemorrhage, nerve function jeopardized and local recurrence...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816271/-construction-and-improvement-of-animal-models-with-different-positional-osseous-metastasis-of-prostate-cancer-in-vivo
#7
Y X Bi, M H Xiao, N N Zhang, X Y Li, X P Mao, K Zhang, Z R Zhang, L Y Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To provide an important tool for the study of diagnose and treatment of prostate cancer (PCa) osseous metastasis and change of bone stress force on prostate cancer (PCa) osseous metastasis and a platform, which is more congruous to clinical process, for prevention and cure of neoplastic bone metastases, and to carry out the construction and improvement of animal models of PCa with different positional osseous metastasis in vivo. METHODS: Different gradient concentrations of RM-1 cells were inoculated into the cavity of left femoral bone or lumbar vertebra of mice (C57BL/6) respectively...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814859/inhibitory-effect-of-zirconium-oxide-nanoparticles-on-candida-albicans-adhesion-to-repaired-polymethyl-methacrylate-denture-bases-and-interim-removable-prostheses-a-new-approach-for-denture-stomatitis-prevention
#8
Mohammed M Gad, Ahmad M Al-Thobity, Suliman Y Shahin, Badar T Alsaqer, Aiman A Ali
BACKGROUND: Despite drawbacks, cold-cured acrylic resin is still the most common material used in denture repair. Zirconia nanoparticles were among the reinforcements added to increase the strength of the resin. The effect on Candida due to the addition of zirconia nanoparticles to the resin has not been investigated. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of zirconia nanoparticles added to cold-cured acrylic resin on Candida albicans adhesion...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812982/quantitative-criteria-to-benchmark-new-and-existing-bio-inks-for-cell-compatibility
#9
Karen Dubbin, Anthony Tabet, Sarah Heilshorn
Recent advancements in 3D bioprinting have led to the fabrication of more complex, more precise, and larger printed tissue constructs. As the field continues to advance, it is critical to develop quantitative benchmarks to compare different bio-inks for key cell-biomaterial interactions, including (1) cell sedimentation within the ink cartridge, (2) cell viability during extrusion, and (3) cell viability after ink curing. Here we develop three simple protocols for quantitative analysis of bio-ink performance...
August 16, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812169/bond-strength-of-etch-and-rinse-and-self-etch-adhesive-systems-to-enamel-and-dentin-irradiated-with-a-novel-co2-9-3%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-short-pulsed-laser-for-dental-restorative-procedures
#10
Peter Rechmann, N Bartolome, R Kinsel, R Vaderhobli, B M T Rechmann
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of CO2 9.3 μm short-pulsed laser irradiation on the shear bond strength of composite resin to enamel and dentin. Two hundred enamel and 210 dentin samples were irradiated with a 9.3 µm carbon dioxide laser (Solea, Convergent Dental, Inc., Natick, MA) with energies which either enhanced caries resistance or were effective for ablation. OptiBond Solo Plus [OptiBondTE] (Kerr Corporation, Orange, CA) and Peak Universal Bond light-cured adhesive [PeakTE] (Ultradent Products, South Jordan, UT) were used...
August 15, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811706/therapeutic-potential-of-flavonoids-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-comprehensive-review
#11
REVIEW
Ali Salaritabar, Behrad Darvishi, Farzaneh Hadjiakhoondi, Azadeh Manayi, Antoni Sureda, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Leo R Fitzpatrick, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anupam Bishayee
The inflammatory process plays a central role in the development and progression of numerous pathological situations, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disorders. IBDs involve inflammation of the gastrointestinal area and mainly comprise Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Both pathological situations usually involve recurring or bloody diarrhea, pain, fatigue and weight loss. There is at present no pharmacological cure for CD or UC...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811201/the-unmet-need-in-rheumatology-reports-from-the-targeted-therapies-meeting-2017
#12
Kevin L Winthrop, Vibeke Strand, Désirée van der Heijde, Philip Mease, Mary Crow, Michael Weinblatt, Joan Bathon, Gerd R Burmester, Maxime Dougados, Johnathan Kay, Xavier Mariette, Ronald Van Vollenhoven, Joachim Sieper, Fritz Melchers, Ferdinand C Breedfeld, Joachim Kalden, Josef S Smolen, Daniel E Furst
The 19th annual international Targeted Therapies meeting brought together over 100 leading basic scientists and clinical researchers from around the world in the field of immunology, molecular biology and rheumatology and other specialties. During the meeting, breakout sessions were held consisting of 5 disease-specific groups with 20-40 experts assigned to each group based on clinical or scientific expertise. Specific groups included: rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis, systemic lupus erythematous, connective tissue diseases (e...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807915/both-14-day-hybrid-and-bismuth-quadruple-therapies-cure-most-patients-with-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-populations-with-moderate-antibiotic-resistance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Feng-Woei Tsay, Deng-Chyang Wu, Hsien-Chung Yu, Sung-Shuo Kao, Kung-Hung Lin, Jin-Shiung Cheng, Huay-Min Wang, Wen-Chi Chen, Wei-Chih Sun, Kuo-Wang Tsai, Ping-I Hsu
BACKGROUND & AIM: Hybrid therapy is a novel two-step treatment achieving a high eradication rate for H. pylori infection. Currently, whether this new therapy achieves a higher eradication rate than bismuth quadruple therapy remains an unanswered question. The aim of this prospective, randomized, comparive study was to investigate the efficacies of 14-day hybrid therapy and bismuth quadruple therapy in the treatment of H. pylori infection.METHODS: From July 2013 to June 2015, eligible H. pylori-infected subjects were randomly assigned to receive either 14-day bismuth quadruple therapy (pantoprazole, bismuth subcitrate, tetracycline, and metronidazole for 14 days) or 14-day hybrid therapy (a 7-day dual therapy with pantoprazole plus amoxicillin, followed by a 7-day quadraple therapy with pantoprazole plus amoxicillin, clarithromycin and metronidazole)...
August 14, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807210/personalized-treatment-in-patients-with-colorectal-liver-metastases
#14
Dimitrios Moris, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Precision Medicine Initiative is a new research effort aiming to offer personalized treatment in many diseases, including cancer. The aim of the present article is to offer novel insights about the role of personalized treatment in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). METHODS: A review of the literature regarding personalized medicine and colorectal liver metastases was performed mainly in the MEDLINE/PubMed database. RESULTS: Surgical resection remains the only hope for cure of CRLM...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805770/-new-classifications-of-epilepsies-and-seizure-types-created-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-2017
#15
Ye V Makushkin, S N Oskolkova, G A Fastovtsov
First part of this review (Chapter 1) demonstrates an ambiguous attitude toward psychiatry among professionals and in society in recent decades. The articles of supporters and opponents of psychiatry are also quoted. The authors describe the dynamics of the reflection of psychopathology in the main widely accepted classifications and manuals. Critical and negative opinions regarding the DSM-5, due to its role in the 'medicalization' processes, for the movement 'World Mental Health', are mentioned. The history of antipsychiatry movement and its results for psychiatry and society are analyzed as well...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805361/medicare-program-hospital-inpatient-prospective-payment-systems-for-acute-care-hospitals-and-the-long-term-care-hospital-prospective-payment-system-and-policy-changes-and-fiscal-year-2018-rates-quality-reporting-requirements-for-specific-providers-medicare
#16
(no author information available yet)
We are revising the Medicare hospital inpatient prospective payment systems (IPPS) for operating and capital-related costs of acute care hospitals to implement changes arising from our continuing experience with these systems for FY 2018. Some of these changes implement certain statutory provisions contained in the Pathway for Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) Reform Act of 2013, the Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act of 2014, the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015, the 21st Century Cures Act, and other legislation...
August 14, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805165/repurposing-as-a-strategy-for-the-discovery-of-new-anti-leishmanials-the-state-of-the-art
#17
Rebecca L Charlton, Bartira Rossi-Bergmann, Paul W Denny, Patrick G Steel
Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne neglected tropical disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania for which there is a paucity of effective viable non-toxic drugs. There are 1·3 million new cases each year causing considerable socio-economic hardship, best measured in 2·4 million disability adjusted life years, with greatest impact on the poorest communities, which means that desperately needed new antileishmanial treatments have to be both affordable and accessible. Established medicines with cheaper and faster development times may hold the cure for this neglected tropical disease...
August 14, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803484/social-connectedness-improves-public-mental-health-investigating-bidirectional-relationships-in-the-new-zealand-attitudes-and-values-survey
#18
Alexander K Saeri, Tegan Cruwys, Fiona Kate Barlow, Samantha Stronge, Chris G Sibley
BACKGROUND: The importance of social connectedness in supporting public mental health is well established. However, the reverse causal pathway (that psychological ill-health leads to reduced social connectedness) remains a dominant perspective among mental health practitioners. Our analysis aimed to provide a rigorous test of the directionality of this relationship. METHOD: A cross-lagged panel analysis of a large longitudinal national probability sample ( N ≈ 21,227), the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Survey, was used to assess the bidirectional longitudinal relationship between social connectedness and mental health, controlling for baseline levels of both variables and demographics...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802583/cytoskeleton-and-nuclear-lamina-affection-in-recessive-osteogenesis-imperfecta-a-functional-proteomics-perspective
#19
Assunta Gagliardi, Roberta Besio, Chiara Carnemolla, Claudia Landi, Alessandro Armini, Mona Aglan, Ghada Otaify, Samia A Temtamy, Antonella Forlino, Luca Bini, Laura Bianchi
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a collagen-related disorder associated to dominant, recessive or X-linked transmission, mainly caused by mutations in type I collagen genes or in genes involved in type I collagen metabolism. Among the recessive forms, OI types VII, VIII, and IX are due to mutations in CRTAP, P3H1, and PPIB genes, respectively. They code for the three components of the endoplasmic reticulum complex that catalyzes 3-hydroxylation of type I collagen α1Pro986. Under-hydroxylation of this residue leads to collagen structural abnormalities and results in moderate to lethal OI phenotype, despite the exact molecular mechanisms are still not completely clear...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802403/analytical-evaluation-of-quantiferon-plus-and-quantiferon-gold-in-tube-assays-in-subjects-with-or-without-tuberculosis
#20
E Petruccioli, V Vanini, T Chiacchio, G Cuzzi, D M Cirillo, F Palmieri, G Ippolito, D Goletti
The QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) represents the new QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-tube (QFT-GIT) to identify latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The main differences is the addition of a new tube containing shorter peptides stimulating CD8 T-cells. Aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of QFT-Plus compared with QFT-GIT in a cross sectional study of individuals with or without tuberculosis (TB). We enrolled 179 participants: 19 healthy donors, 58 LTBI, 33 cured TB and 69 active TB. QFT-Plus and QFT-GIT were performed...
September 2017: Tuberculosis
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