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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902736/provisioning-the-ritual-neolithic-site-of-kfar-hahoresh-israel-at-the-dawn-of-animal-management
#1
Jacqueline S Meier, A Nigel Goring-Morris, Natalie D Munro
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this critical change grows, sites that represent different functions and multiple time periods are needed to refine the timing, pace and character of changing human-animal relationships within the geographically variable southern Levant...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849489/early-intervention-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-mortuary-affairs-soldiers-postdeployment
#2
Quinn M Biggs, Carol S Fullerton, James E McCarroll, Xian Liu, Leming Wang, Nicole M Dacuyan, Douglas F Zatzick, Robert J Ursano
U.S. Army mortuary affairs (MA) soldiers experience stressors of deployment and exposure to the dead, increasing risk for post-traumatic stress and depression. This study examines Troop Education for Army Morale, a postdeployment early intervention based on Psychological First Aid. MA soldiers (N = 126) were randomized to intervention or comparison groups 1-month postdeployment. Intervention sessions were held at 2, 3, 4, and 7 months. Assessments of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and quality of life (QOL) were conducted at 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, and 10 months for both groups...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762330/strontium-isotope-evidence-for-a-highly-mobile-population-on-the-pamir-plateau-2500-years-ago
#3
Xueye Wang, Zihua Tang, Jing Wu, Xinhua Wu, Yiqun Wu, Xinying Zhou
Archeological researches have proposed arguments for human mobility and long-distance trading over the Eurasia before the Silk Roads. Here we utilize biologically available strontium isotope analysis to assess the extent of pre-Silk Road population movements and cultural communications across the Asian interior. From an early Iron Age cemetery (ca. 2500 yr B.P.) on the eastern Pamir Plateau, mean (87)Sr/(86)Sr ratios from 34 individuals display considerable isotopic variability, and 10 individuals are distinguished as migrants based on the local strontium isotope range of 0...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762003/the-hospital-mortuary-learning-about-death%C3%A2-and-life
#4
Julie Y Chen, Gavin S W Chan, Joyce P Y Tsang, Gary K F Tsang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729441/estimating-the-burden-of-injury-in-urban-and-rural-sudan-in-2008
#5
Safa Abdalla, Suad Ahmed, Zeinab Swareldahab, Kavi Bhalla
BACKGROUND: Sudan has been undergoing demographic and social changes that could have a tangible impact on population injury rates. However, reliable estimates of injury epidemiology are lacking. We aimed to estimate injury incidence and mortality in urban and rural Sudan, using existing data sources. METHODS: We used the 2008 national census mortality data with mortuary data to construct unintentional and intentional injury mortality estimates in urban and rural areas...
October 11, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726230/red-pigments-and-boraginaceae-leaves-in-mortuary-ritual-of-late-neolithic-china-a-case-study-of-shengedaliang-site
#6
Yan Wu, XiaoNing Guo, WeiLin Wang, XiangLong Chen, Zhijun Zhao, Xiumin Xia, YiMin Yang
Investigation of mortuary ritual is an important method to reconstruct many aspects of past societies. Due to the lack of relevant analytical work, little evidence related to organic materials in a burial can be found in China. Here we report materials collected from a burial during the excavation of the Shengedaliang site. The recovered materials were analyzed using Raman spectroscopy and plant analysis: flotation, pollen and phytolith analysis. The red pigments found scattered over the human remains were identified as cinnabar...
October 11, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725028/fatalities-involving-illicit-drug-use-in-pretoria-south-africa-for-the-period-2003-2012
#7
J Liebenberg, L Du Toit-Prinsloo, V Steenkamp, G Saayman
BACKGROUND: Globally, illicit drugs are responsible for many fatalities annually, yet accurate data on the nature and extent of these deaths in South Africa (SA) are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the presence and profile of illicit drugs detected in deceased persons who were subjected to medicolegal autopsies and upon whom analyses were carried out in search of illicit drugs in their body fluids at the Pretoria Medico-Legal Laboratory (PMLL), SA, over a 10-year period...
September 7, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627862/exploring-imperial-expansion-using-an-isotopic-analysis-of-paleodietary-and-paleomobility-indicators-in-chachapoyas-peru
#8
J Marla Toyne, Warren B Church, Jose Luis Coronado Tello, Ricardo Morales Gamarra
OBJECTIVES: Inca imperial strategies of political and territorial expansion varied across conquered regions depending on local ecology and cultural resistance, and Chachapoya peoples in Peru's forested northeastern Andes were renowned for their rebellions against the invaders. The cliff tombs of Los Pinchudos (AD 1470-1535) present opportunities to use stable isotopes to: (1) explore dietary and mobility patterns from a mortuary community interred at a site attributed to the poorly-known Chachapoya culture during the period of Inca domination, and (2) explore the origins of the individuals as either local or foreign (Inca)...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601116/the-south-african-child-death-review-pilot-a-multiagency-approach-to-strengthen-healthcare-and-protection-for-children
#9
Shanaaz Mathews, Lorna J Martin, David Coetzee, Chris Scott, Threnesan Naidoo, Yasheen Brijmohun, Karisha Quarrie
BACKGROUND: Child mortality trends in South Africa (SA) show a decrease, but remain high and appear to have plateaued. To attain the new sustainable development goals, we need a better understanding of causes of death and the associated factors. OBJECTIVES: To describe the SA child death review (CDR) pilot, the pattern of child deaths reviewed and the factors associated with these deaths. METHODS: CDR teams were established at two pilot sites, Salt River mortuary (Western Cape Province) and Phoenix mortuary (KwaZulu-Natal Province)...
September 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601103/child-deaths-in-south-africa-lessons-from-the-child-death-review-pilot
#10
Shanaaz Mathews, Lorna J Martin, David Coetzee, Chris Scott, Yasheen Brijmohun
South Africa (SA) has not met the child mortality target for the Millennium Development Goals, despite having invested substantially in programmes and policies to achieve these targets. The scale-up of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes reduced HIV transmission from mother to child, but this has not been sustained owing to limitations in community-based child health services. Child mortality has declined, but has now plateaued. Children continue to die from preventable and treatable causes of death...
September 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577342/quality-control-of-a-health-information-system-for-causes-of-death-statistics-in-burkina-faso-using-capture-recapture-method
#11
Seydou Golo Barro, Jean-Charles Dufour, Mesmin Dandjinou, Paul-André de Lame, Pascal Staccini
INTRODUCTION: The information system on the causes of death (ISCD), set up in Burkina Faso in January 2014 at the University Hospital Center Souro Sanon (UHCSS) of Bobo-Dioulasso, was evaluated to assess its completeness in terms of death statistics generation. METHOD: The capture-recapture method was used to assess this quality control using the three-sources technique. RESULTS: The cross verification of the three data sources (mortuary, admission department, death certificate) gave the following estimations: number of deaths observed: 735, total estimated deaths: 852 [820-900], i...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503740/identification-of-the-earliest-collagen-and-plant-based-coatings-from-neolithic-artefacts-nahal-hemar-cave-israel
#12
Caroline Solazzo, Blandine Courel, Jacques Connan, Bart E van Dongen, Holly Barden, Kirsty Penkman, Sheila Taylor, Beatrice Demarchi, Pierre Adam, Philippe Schaeffer, Arie Nissenbaum, Ofer Bar-Yosef, Michael Buckley
Mortuary practices in human evolution record cognitive, social changes and technological innovations. The Neolithic Revolution in the Levant was a watershed in this domain that has long fascinated the archaeological community. Plaster modelled skulls are well known at Jericho and several other Neolithic sites, and in Nahal Hemar cave (Israel, ca. 8200 -7300 cal. BC) excavations yielded six unique human skulls covered with a black organic coating applied in a net pattern evoking a headdress. This small cave was used as storage for paraphernalia in the semi-arid area of the Judean desert and the dry conditions preserved other artefacts such as baskets coated with a similar dark substance...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421693/unexpected-active-tuberculosis-on-post-mortem-ct-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Siobhan McLaughlin, Kirsten Kind, Lynne Thomson, Ralph Bouhaidar
Unexpected active tuberculosis (TB) at autopsy represents a serious transmissible health risk to mortuary and laboratory staff. Post Mortem CT (PMCT) is widely accepted as a valuable adjunct to autopsy throughout the world, but the uptake and implementation varies from country to country. We present a case of unexpected active TB on PMCT and review the literature on the incidence of and risks from the condition. We use this unexpected finding, and the fact that PMCT was in this case also able to provide the information for parts I and II of the Death Certificate as a further argument for the routine use of PMCT by all Forensic Institutes...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404619/an-appraisal-of-decomposition-cases-received-at-the-johannesburg-forensic-pathology-service-medico-legal-mortuary-during-2010-2011
#14
Craig A Keyes, Lawrence Hill, Guinevere M Gordon
Decomposed bodies pose many questions for researchers regarding environmental effects, cause of death, and patterns. This study aimed to observe the factors associated with decomposed bodies autopsied at the Johannesburg Forensic Pathology Service Medico-legal Mortuary. A total of 4876 autopsies were conducted from 2010 to 2011, of which 109 were decomposed. Black individuals made up the largest proportion (67%) followed by White (26%). Males comprised 86.2%, while 12.8% were female. The mean age was 42.78 years...
March 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381450/neandertal-cannibalism-and-neandertal-bones-used-as-tools-in-northern-europe
#15
Hélène Rougier, Isabelle Crevecoeur, Cédric Beauval, Cosimo Posth, Damien Flas, Christoph Wißing, Anja Furtwängler, Mietje Germonpré, Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Patrick Semal, Johannes van der Plicht, Hervé Bocherens, Johannes Krause
Almost 150 years after the first identification of Neandertal skeletal material, the cognitive and symbolic abilities of these populations remain a subject of intense debate. We present 99 new Neandertal remains from the Troisième caverne of Goyet (Belgium) dated to 40,500-45,500 calBP. The remains were identified through a multidisciplinary study that combines morphometrics, taphonomy, stable isotopes, radiocarbon dating and genetic analyses. The Goyet Neandertal bones show distinctive anthropogenic modifications, which provides clear evidence for butchery activities as well as four bones having been used for retouching stone tools...
July 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352439/correlations-between-the-autolytic-changes-and-postmortem-interval-in-refrigerated-cadavers
#16
Ela Andra Cocariu, V Mageriu, Florica Stăniceanu, Alexandra Bastian, C Socoliuc, Sabina Zurac
INTRODUCTION: In forensic pathology the autolytic process has been observed and documented in order to determine the postmortem interval as accurately as possible. The observation and experiments have been carried out on cadavers exposed to environmental conditions - heat, humidity, air currents, soil, water. METHODS: For this study hematoxylin and eosin (HE) stained sections of organ samples from 30 autopsied bodies were examined under the microscope. Modifications of tissue and cell structures were noted in correlation with the bodies' time spent in the Morgue's mortuary refrigerator until the autopsy was performed, which varied between 24 hours and 22 days...
April 2016: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346733/pre-hispanic-mortuary-practices-in-quebrada-de-humahuaca-north-western-argentina-genetic-relatedness-among-individuals-buried-in-the-same-grave
#17
M Gabriela Russo, Fanny Mendisco, Sergio A Avena, Cristina B Dejean, Verónica Seldes
Almost all pre-Hispanic societies from Quebrada de Humahuaca (north-western Argentina) buried their defuncts in domestic areas, demonstrating the importance of death and its daily presence among the living. Presumably, the collective graves contained related individuals, a hypothesis that can be tested through the study of ancient DNA. This study analyzes autosomal and uniparental genetic markers in individuals from two archaeological sites in Quebrada de Humahuaca occupied during the Late Formative (1450-1050 BP) and Regional Developments I (1050-700 BP) periods...
July 2016: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277363/pattern-of-head-injuries-cranio-cerebral-due-to-homicide-in-association-with-other-injuries-a-retrospective-post-mortem-study-autopsied-at-dhaka-medical-college-morgue-house
#18
E B Akber, M T Alam, K M Rahman, I Jahan, S A Musa
Annually, homicide contributes to a greater number of the total head injury cases. This retrospective study was conducted from 1(st) January 2009 to 31(st)December 2011 at Dhaka Medical College Mortuary. During this study period of three years a total of 15300 autopsies were done of which 5649 cases (36.84%) were of head injuries. Of them 747(13.22%) were of homicidal, 4080(72.22%) road-traffic accidents, 502(8.88%) accidental and 320(5.66%) cases of fall from heights. Three hundred ninety eight (398) urban cases (53...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190809/profile-of-kidney-histopathology-in-cases-of-burns-particular-emphasis-on-acridine-orange-fluorescence-study-and-to-explore-its-forensic-utility
#19
Bharat V Bhetariya, Nandini J Desai, B D Gupta, Pratik N Patel
INTRODUCTION: The major cause of death in the burn patients includes multiple organ failure and infection but, sometimes the exact cause of death in many fatally burned patients is difficult to detect. Many times in medico-legal post-mortem examinations in cases of burns, histopathological examination of organs is requested. AIM: The aim was to study various histopathological changes in kidneys in the post-mortem cases of burns, by using routine Haematoxylin and Eosin stain (H&E stain), special Periodic and Schiff's Stain (PAS) stain, to study the role of acridine orange fluorescence study, to explore the forensic utility of this microscopic study and to find out the relationship between duration of survival and histopathological changes observed...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27115771/gender-differences-in-homicide-of-neonates-infants-and-children-under-5-y-in-south-africa-results-from-the-cross-sectional-2009-national-child-homicide-study
#20
Naeemah Abrahams, Shanaaz Mathews, Lorna J Martin, Carl Lombard, Nadine Nannan, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Homicide of children is a global problem. The under-5-y age group is the second largest homicide age group after 15-19 y olds, but has received little research attention. Understanding age and gender patterns is important for assisting with developing prevention interventions. Here we present an age and gender analysis of homicides among children under 5 y in South Africa from a national study that included a focus on neonaticide and infanticide. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A retrospective national cross-sectional study was conducted using a random sample of 38 medico-legal laboratories operating in 2009 to identify homicides of children under 5 y...
April 2016: PLoS Medicine
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