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retardation growth newborn mo

Anne Marie Darling, Chloe R McDonald, Andrea L Conroy, Kyla T Hayford, W Conrad Liles, Molin Wang, Said Aboud, Willy S Urassa, Kevin C Kain, Wafaie W Fawzi
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the relationship between a panel of angiogenic and inflammatory biomarkers measured in midpregnancy and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Concentrations of 18 angiogenic and inflammatory biomarkers were determined in 432 pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, who participated in a trial examining the effect of multivitamins on pregnancy outcomes. Infants falling below the 10th percentile of birthweight for gestational age relative to the applied growth standards were considered SGA...
November 2014: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Markus Velten, Rodney D Britt, Kathryn M Heyob, Trent E Tipple, Lynette K Rogers
The preterm infant is often exposed to maternal and neonatal inflammatory stimuli and is born with immature lungs, resulting in a need for oxygen therapy. Nutritional intervention with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 6.3 g/kg of diet) has been shown to attenuate inflammation in various human diseases. Previous studies demonstrated that maternal DHA supplementation during late gestation and lactation attenuated hyperoxic lung injury in newborn mouse pups. In the present studies, we tested the hypothesis that DHA supplementation to the dam would reduce hyperoxic lung injury and growth deficits in a more severe model of systemic maternal inflammation, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and neonatal hyperoxia exposure...
March 2014: Journal of Nutrition
Markus G Seidel, Celia Duerr, Stavroula Woutsas, Anette Schwerin-Nagel, Kambis Sadeghi, Jürgen Neesen, Sabine Uhrig, Elisangela Santos-Valente, Winfried F Pickl, Wolfgang Schwinger, Christian Urban, Kaan Boztug, Elisabeth Förster-Waldl
BACKGROUND: Subtelomeric deletions and duplications may cause syndromic disorders that include features of immunodeficiency. To date, no phenotype of immunological pathology has been linked to partial trisomy 19. We report here on two unrelated male patients showing clinical and laboratory signs of immunodeficiency exhibiting a duplication involving Chromosome 19p13. METHODS: Both patients underwent a detailed clinical examination. Extended laboratory investigations for immune function, FISH and array comparative genome hybridization (CGH) analyses were performed...
April 2014: Journal of Medical Genetics
Upeksha P Chandrasiri, Caroline L L Chua, Alexandra J Umbers, Ebbie Chaluluka, Jocelyn D Glazier, Stephen J Rogerson, Philippe Boeuf
Placental malaria, especially when complicated with intervillositis, can cause fetal growth restriction. Transplacental glucose transport by glucose transporter isoform 1 (GLUT-1) on the syncytiotrophoblast microvillous and basal plasma membranes regulates fetal growth. We found that GLUT-1 expression in the microvillous plasma membrane of Plasmodium falciparum-negative placenta biopsy specimens was comparable to that in P. falciparum-positive placenta biopsy specimens with or without intervillositis, whereas GLUT-1 expression in the basal plasma membrane was lowest in P...
May 15, 2014: Journal of Infectious Diseases
F A Okah, A A Oshodi, Y Liu, J Cai
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the combined birthweight deficit from smoking in twin gestation is significantly greater than previously described for singletons. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of White/Black live-born twins, 32 to 40 weeks of gestation, 1990 to 2005, Kansas City, MO. Data were analyzed by t-test, χ(2), linear and linear regression analyses. RESULT: The cohort comprised 1190 twin pairs, 58% Whites and 55% ≥37 weeks...
February 2014: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Philippe Boeuf, Elizabeth H Aitken, Upeksha Chandrasiri, Caroline Lin Lin Chua, Bernie McInerney, Leon McQuade, Michael Duffy, Malcolm Molyneux, Graham Brown, Jocelyn Glazier, Stephen J Rogerson
Placental malaria (PM) can lead to poor neonatal outcomes, including low birthweight due to fetal growth restriction (FGR), especially when associated with local inflammation (intervillositis or IV). The pathogenesis of PM-associated FGR is largely unknown, but in idiopathic FGR, impaired transplacental amino acid transport, especially through the system A group of amino acid transporters, has been implicated. We hypothesized that PM-associated FGR could result from impairment of transplacental amino acid transport triggered by IV...
February 2013: PLoS Pathogens
Christian L Coles, Lakshmi Rahmathullah, Reba Kanungo, Joanne Katz, Debora Sandiford, Sheela Devi, R D Thulasiraj, James M Tielsch
Nasopharyngeal colonization is the first step in the pathway to Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) infection, a leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. We investigated the effect of Spn colonization at ages 2 and 4 mo on growth at age 6 mo among 389 infants living in rural South India by using data from an Spn carriage study nested within a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled community trial designed to evaluate the impact of newborn vitamin A supplementation on Spn carriage in the first 6 mo of life...
June 2012: Journal of Nutrition
Reynaldo Martorell, Melissa F Young
We investigated the causes of stunting and wasting using nationally representative data on preschool children from India (2005-2006, N = 41,306) and Guatemala (2008-2009, N = 10,317). We estimated stunting and wasting using the 2006 WHO standard and the 1976 WHO/National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reference. India and Guatemala had high levels of stunting; wasting was common in India but rare in Guatemala. Use of the WHO standard (based on breast-fed children) increased the prevalence of stunting in both countries but dramatically changed the pattern of wasting by age in India...
March 2012: Advances in Nutrition
Elisabeth M Hodson, Narelle S Willis, Jonathan C Craig
BACKGROUND: Growth retardation is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children and is of concern to families. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment has been used to help short children with CKD attain a height more in keeping with their age group. However there are concerns about the long-term benefits of rhGH in significantly improving adult height as well as concerns about potential adverse effects (deterioration in native kidney function, increased acute rejection in kidney transplant recipients, benign intracranial hypertension)...
2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Johannes Wirbelauer, Wolfgang Thomas, Lorenz Rieger, Christian P Speer
It is unclear if very immature preterm infants who are born small for gestational age (SGA) have similar leukocyte counts as infants who are born appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Our study included 49 preterm infants with a gestational age ≤32 weeks and without exposure to chorioamnionitis and funisitis. Blood cells were counted in the first 2 hours of life. Eighteen SGA preterm infants were compared with 31 AGA preterm infants. Gestational age, sex, rate of caesarean section, and prenatal administration of corticosteroids did not differ between the groups...
November 2010: American Journal of Perinatology
Meena Garg, Manikkavasagar Thamotharan, Gerald Pan, Paul W N Lee, Sherin U Devaskar
Prenatal nutrient restriction with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) alters basal and glucose-stimulated insulin response and hepatic metabolic adaptation. The effect of early intervention with insulin-sensitizing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists was examined in the metabolically maladapted F(1) pregestational IUGR offspring with a propensity toward pregnancy-induced gestational diabetes. The effect of rosiglitazone maleate [RG; 11 micromol/day from postnatal day (PN) 21 to PN60] vs...
March 2010: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Farid Boubred, Laurent Daniel, Christophe Buffat, Jean-Marc Feuerstein, Michel Tsimaratos, Charles Oliver, Françoise Dignat-George, Martine Lelièvre-Pégorier, Umberto Simeoni
Low birth weight is associated with an increased risk of hypertension and renal dysfunction at adulthood. Such an association has been shown to involve a reduction of nephron endowment and to be enhanced by accelerated postnatal growth in humans. However, while low-birth-weight infants often undergo catch-up growth, little is known about the long-term vascular and renal effects of accelerated postnatal growth. We surimposed early postnatal overfeeding (OF; reduction of litter size during the suckling period) to appropriate-birth-weight (NBW+OF) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR; IUGR+OF) pups, obtained after a maternal gestational low-protein diet...
October 2009: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Colleen Glyde Julian, Henry L Galan, Megan J Wilson, Wendy Desilva, Darleen Cioffi-Ragan, Joel Schwartz, Lorna G Moore
Reduced uteroplacental blood flow is hypothesized to play a key role in altitude-associated fetal growth restriction. It is unknown whether reduced blood flow is a cause or consequence of reduced fetal size. We asked whether determinants of uteroplacental blood flow were altered prior to reduced fetal growth and whether vasoactive and/or angiogenic factors were involved. Women residing at low (LA; 1,600 m, n = 18) or high altitude (HA; 3,100 m, n = 25) were studied during pregnancy (20, 30, and 36 wk) and 4 mo postpartum (PP) using Doppler ultrasound...
September 2008: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Gregory A Lodygensky, Mohammed L Seghier, Simon K Warfield, Cristina Borradori Tolsa, Stephane Sizonenko, François Lazeyras, Petra S Hüppi
The hippocampus is known to be vulnerable to hypoxia, stress, and undernutrition, all likely to be present in fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The effect of IUGR in preterm infants on the hippocampus was studied using 3D magnetic resonance imaging at term-equivalent age Thirteen preterm infants born with IUGR after placental insufficiency were compared with 13 infants with normal intrauterine growth age matched for gestational age. The hippocampal structural differences were defined using voxel-based morphometry and manual segmentation...
April 2008: Pediatric Research
Philippe Boeuf, Aimee Tan, Cleofe Romagosa, Jane Radford, Victor Mwapasa, Malcolm E Molyneux, Steven R Meshnick, Nicholas H Hunt, Stephen J Rogerson
BACKGROUND: Placental malaria causes fetal growth retardation (FGR), which has been linked epidemiologically to placental monocyte infiltrates. We investigated whether parasite or monocyte infiltrates were associated with placental hypoxia, as a potential mechanism underlying malarial FGR. METHODS: We studied the hypoxia markers hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), placental growth factor, VEGF receptor 1 and its soluble form, and VEGF receptor 2...
March 1, 2008: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Despina D Briana, Maria Boutsikou, Stavroula Baka, George Papadopoulos, Dimitrios Gourgiotis, Karl Philipp Puchner, Dimitrios Hassiakos, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Monocyte-chemotactic-protein-1 (MCP-1) plays vital roles in immune response, angiogenesis, and pregnancy outcome. We investigated plasma MCP-1 concentrations in 40 mothers and their 20 intrauterine-growth-restricted (IUGR) and 20 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) fetuses and neonates on postnatal days 1 (N1) and 4 (N4). Maternal and fetal MCP-1 concentrations were decreased (P<001 and P = .018, resp.), whereas N1 MCP-1 concentrations were elevated in IUGR group (P = .012). In both groups, fetal MCP-1 concentrations were lower compared to N1 and N4 ones (P = ...
2007: Mediators of Inflammation
D Vimalachandra, E M Hodson, N S Willis, J C Craig, C Cowell, J F Knight
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an uncommon but important condition. Growth retardation, one of the complications of CKD, is of concern to families. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment has been used to help short children with CKD attain a height more in keeping with their age group. However, there are concerns that rhGH may have an adverse effect on the preservation of native kidney function, predispose to acute rejection in kidney transplant recipients, and cause benign intracranial hypertension and slipped capital femoral epiphysis...
2006: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Meena Garg, Manikkavasagar Thamotharan, Lisa Rogers, Sara Bassilian, W N Paul Lee, Sherin U Devaskar
We studied glucose metabolic adaptations in the intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) rat offspring to decipher glucose homeostasis in metabolic programming. Glucose futile cycling (GFC), which is altered when there is imbalance between glucose production and utilization, was studied during a glucose tolerance test (GTT) in 2-day-old (n = 8), 2-mo-old (n = 22), and 15-mo-old (n = 22) female rat offspring. The IUGR rats exposed to either prenatal (CM/SP, n = 5 per age), postnatal (SM/CP, n = 6), or pre- and postnatal (SM/SP, n = 6) nutrient restriction were compared with age-matched controls (CM/CP, n = 5)...
June 2006: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Maria Teresa Sinelli, Mario Motta, Donatella Cattarelli, Maria Luisa Cardone, Gaetano Chirico
UNLABELLED: GM(1) gangliosidosis is a rare disorder characterized by deficiency of the ss-galactosidase enzyme, with the resulting accumulation of glycolipids, oligosaccharides and especially GM(1) ganglioside. It can be classified into three clinical types according to the time of onset: infantile, juvenile and adult form. We report a case of GM(1) gangliosidosis presenting with fetal hydrops at 24 wk of gestation. The parents were consanguineous; the baby, born at 35 wk of gestation, was dysmorphic and presented severe generalized oedema...
December 2005: Acta Paediatrica
Barbara C Galland, Barry J Taylor, David P G Bolton, Rachel M Sayers
To assess the influence of intrauterine growth retardation and postnatal development on heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiac reflexes, we studied 27 healthy small for gestational age (SGA) and 23 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants during a nap study. Resting HRV was assessed by point dispersion of Poincaré plots for overall (SDRR) and instantaneous beat-to-beat variability (SDDeltaRR) and the ratio (SDRR/SDDeltaRR). Heart rate reflex and arousal responses to a 60 degrees head-up tilt were determined...
March 2006: Journal of Applied Physiology
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