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electrostimulation training

Sheng-Yu Zhang, Shao-Bing Liu, Wei Wu, Yi-Min Chen, Kang-Lin Liao, Yong Xiang, Dun Pan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of vitalstim electroacupuncture (EA) combined with swallowing rehabilitation training in the treatment of stroke patients with dysphagia. METHODS: A total of 80 stroke patients with dysphagia were randomized into treatment and control groups ( n =40 in each group). Patients of the control group were treated by regular medication for anti-platelet aggregation and anti-coagulation, lipid-lowering, neuroprotection, blood glucose control and blood pressure control, etc...
April 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Kelly Mônica Marinho E Lima, José Francisco Silva Costa Júnior, Wagner Coelho de Albuquerque Pereira, Liliam Fernandes de Oliveira
This review aimed to describe the state of the art in muscle-tendon unit (MTU) assessment by supersonic shear wave imaging (SSI) elastography in states of muscle contraction and stretching, during aging, and in response to injury and therapeutic interventions. A consensus exists that MTU elasticity increases during passive stretching or contraction, and decreases after static stretching, electrostimulation, massage, and dry needling. There is currently no agreement regarding changes in the MTU due to aging and injury...
January 2018: Ultrasonography
D Yao, E Jakubowitz, S Ettinger, C Plaass, C Stukenborg-Colsman, K Daniilidis
OBJECTIVE: Gait improvement by restoring dorsiflexion using a neuroprosthesis implant. INDICATIONS: Foot drop with damage to the 1st motor neuron; passive mobility in ankle is possible; adult patients. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Foot drop with peripheral damage and injury to the peroneal nerve; already implanted stimulators (e.g., defibrillator, pacemaker, or pain stimulator); severe anesthesia risks in multimorbid patients. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Surgery in lateral position...
June 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Andre Filipovic, Marijke Grau, Heinz Kleinöder, Philipp Zimmer, Wildor Hollmann, Wilhelm Bloch
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a 14-week dynamic Whole-Body Electrostimulation (WB-EMS) training program on muscular strength, soccer relevant sprint, jump and kicking velocity performance in elite soccer players during competitive season. Twenty-two field-players were assigned to 2 groups: WB-EMS group (EG, n = 12), jump-training group (TG, n = 10). The training programs were conducted twice a week concurrent to 6-7 soccer training sessions during the 2nd half of the season. Participants were tested before (baseline), during (wk-7) and after (wk-14)...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Carolina Llavero
BACKGROUND: Over 90% of women report to be very dissatisfied with the aspect of their breast after bariatric surgery. Breast reconstructive surgeries are often not funded by the National Health Service or private health insurances in many countries and the patient must pay a high economic amount to undergo it. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical trial of patients undergoing bariatric surgery was performed. Patients were randomly assigned into 3 groups: patients undergoing percutaneous electrostimulation of the pectoral muscle combined with specific training (group 1), patients doing the specific training alone (group 2), and patients without any specific treatment (group 3)...
December 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
H Gueldich, N Zarrouk, H Chtourou, F Zghal, S Sahli, H Rebai
This study examined the effects of electrostimulation (ES) strength training at the same time-of-day on the diurnal fluctuations of maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC) and surface electromyography (EMG). 20 male performed 3 MVICs of knee extension coupled with surface EMG before and after 5 weeks of 3 ES training sessions per week. Each ES training session consisted in 45 isometric contractions. The participants were randomly assigned to either a morning (MTG, 07:00-08:00 h) or an evening (ETG, 17:00-18:00 h) training group...
January 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Nicky van Melick, Robert E H van Cingel, Frans Brooijmans, Camille Neeter, Tony van Tienen, Wim Hullegie, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
AIM: The Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy (KNGF) instructed a multidisciplinary group of Dutch anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) experts to develop an evidence statement for rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction. DESIGN: Clinical practice guideline underpinned by systematic review and expert consensus. DATA SOURCES: A multidisciplinary working group and steering group systematically reviewed the literature and wrote the guideline...
December 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Franck-Emmanuel Roux, Jean-Baptiste Durand, Imène Djidjeli, Emmanuel Moyse, Carlo Giussani
OBJECTIVE Electrostimulation in awake brain mapping is widely used to guide tumor removal, but methodologies can differ substantially across institutions. The authors studied electrostimulation brain mapping data to characterize the variability of the current intensity threshold across patients and the effect of its variations on the number, type, and surface area of the essential language areas detected. METHODS Over 7 years, the authors prospectively studied 100 adult patients who were undergoing intraoperative brain mapping during resection of left hemisphere tumors...
May 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Mélodie Mathé, Guy Valancogne, Anthony Atallah, Clémentine Sciard, Muriel Doret, Pascal Gaucherand, Etienne Beaufils
OBJECTIVES: Between 0.5 and 5% of vaginal deliveries involve obstetrical anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). Thirty to forty percent of patients with OASIS will suffer from anal incontinence in the subacute postpartum period. The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of early pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) combined with standard rehabilitation on anal incontinence after vaginal deliveries complicated by OASIS. STUDY DESIGN: The present work was a retrospective quantitative study performed in a tertiary-level maternity hospital...
April 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Noelia Chia, Emilia Ambrosini, Walter Baccinelli, Antonio Nardone, Marco Monticone, Giancarlo Ferrigno, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Simona Ferrante
This study presents an innovative multi-channel neuroprosthesis that induces a biomimetic activation of the main lower-limb muscles during treadmill gait training to be used in the rehabilitation of stroke patients. The electrostimulation strategy replicates the physiological muscle synergies used by healthy subjects to walk on a treadmill at their self-selected speed. This strategy is mapped to the current gait sub-phases, which are identified in real time by a custom algorithm. This algorithm divides the gait cycle into six sub-phases, based on two inertial sensors placed laterally on the shanks...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
X Deffieux, S Vieillefosse, S Billecocq, A Battut, J Nizard, B Coulm, T Thubert
OBJECTIVE: Provide guidelines for clinical practice concerning postpartum rehabilitation. METHODS: Systematically review of the literature concerning postpartum pelvic floor muscle training and abdominal rehabilitation. RESULTS: Pelvic-floor rehabilitation using pelvic floor muscle contraction exercises is recommended to treat persistent urinary incontinence at 3 months postpartum (grade A), regardless of the type of incontinence. At least 3 guided sessions with a therapist is recommended, associated with pelvic floor muscle exercises at home...
December 2015: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
S Kh Al'-Shukri, I A Ananiĭ, R E Amdiĭ, I V Kuz'min
The authors showed the result of complication treatment of lower urinary tracts in 128 patients with localized prostate cancer. The patients underwent radical prostatectomy. Urinary discomforts included enuresis, urinary incontinence in postoperative period. Abnormalities of urine outflow due to urethral stricture were revealed in 6 (4,6%) patients by the 6 month after operation. These complications required surgical treatment. Urinary incontinence was noted in 20 (15,6%) patients in this period. It was stressful urinary incontinence in 16 (12,6%) and urgent - in 4 (3%)...
2015: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
Andre Filipovic, Heinz Kleinöder, Denise Plück, Wildor Hollmann, Wilhelm Bloch, Marijke Grau
Red blood cell-nitric oxide synthase (RBC-NOS)-dependent NO production is essential for the maintenance of RBC deformability, which is known to improve oxygen supply to the working tissue. Electrostimulation of the whole body (WB-EMS) has been shown to improve maximal strength, springiness, and jumping power of trained and untrained athletes. To examine whether these 2 parameters are associated, this study, for the first time, aimed to investigate the effects of an 18-week dynamic WB-EMS program on RBC deformability in addition to maximal strength performance (1 repetition maximum [1RM]) in elite soccer players...
September 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Vicent Esteve Simó, Anna Junque Jiménez, José Carneiro Oliveira, Fátima Moreno Guzmán, Miquel Fulquet Nicolás, Mónica Pou Potau, Anna Saurina Solé, Verónica Duarte Gallego, Irati Tapia González, Manel Ramírez de Arellano Serna
BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis (HD) patients are characterised by muscle wasting, decreased physical function and poor quality of life. The objective was to analyse the effect of an intradialysis NMES training programme in muscular strength, functional capacity and quality of life in our HD patients. MATERIAL: HD patients were assigned to NMES (ESG) or control group (CG) in a 12-week single-centre prospective study. Transversal quadriceps muscular area, maximum length quadriceps strength (MLQS), handgrip, sit-to-stand-to-sit 10 test (STS10), "6-min walking test" (6MWT); EuroQol-5D health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) questionnaire, subjective global assessment (SGA) and NMES symptoms questionnaires (SQ) were completed...
October 2015: International Urology and Nephrology
Guillaume Herbet, Gilles Lafargue, Fabien Almairac, Sylvie Moritz-Gasser, François Bonnetblanc, Hugues Duffau
The authors report the first case of a strikingly unusual speech impairment evoked by intraoperative electrostimulation in a 36-year-old right-handed patient, a well-trained singer, who underwent awake surgery for a right fronto-temporo-insular low-grade glioma. Functionally disrupting the pars opercularis of the right inferior frontal gyrus led the patient to automatically switch from a speaking to a singing mode of language production. Given the central role of the right pars opercularis in the inhibitory control network, the authors propose that this finding may be interpreted as possible evidence for a competitive and independent neurocognitive subnetwork devoted to the melodically intoned articulation of words (normal language-based vs singing-based) in subjects with high expertise...
December 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery
Toshiharu Natsume, Hayao Ozaki, Anneyuko I Saito, Takashi Abe, Hisashi Naito
PURPOSE: Low-load voluntary exercise can induce muscle hypertrophy and strength gain in working muscles when combined with blood flow restriction (BFR). However, it is unknown whether such hypertrophy and strength gain can be induced by involuntary muscle contractions triggered via low-intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) combined with BFR. The purpose of this article was to investigate whether low-intensity NMES combined with BFR (NMES-BFR) could elicit muscle hypertrophy and strength gain in the quadriceps...
December 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
F Dose, R Deumens, P Forget, G Taccola
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animal study. OBJECTIVES: Epidural stimulation has been used to activate locomotor patterns after spinal injury and typically employs synchronous trains of high-frequency stimuli delivered directly to the dorsal cord, thereby recruiting multiple afferent nerve roots. Here we investigate how spinal locomotor networks integrate multi-site afferent input and address whether frequency coding is more important than amplitude to activate locomotor patterns...
February 2016: Spinal Cord
T Thubert, E Bakker, X Fritel
Our goal is to provide an update on the results of pelvic floor rehabilitation in the treatment of urinary incontinence and genital prolapse symptoms. Pelvic floor muscle training allows a reduction of urinary incontinence symptoms. Pelvic floor muscle contractions supervised by a healthcare professional allow cure in half cases of stress urinary incontinence. Viewing this contraction through biofeedback improves outcomes, but this effect could also be due by a more intensive and prolonged program with the physiotherapist...
May 2015: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
Simon von Stengel, Michael Bebenek, Klaus Engelke, Wolfgang Kemmler
Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) has been shown to be effective in increasing muscle strength and mass in elderly women. Because of the interaction of muscles and bones, these adaptions might be related to changes in bone parameters. 76 community-living osteopenic women 70 years and older were randomly assigned to either a WB-EMS group (n = 38) or a control group (CG: n = 38). The WB-EMS group performed 3 sessions every 14 days for one year while the CG performed gymnastics containing identical exercises without EMS...
2015: Journal of Osteoporosis
F Cadeddu, F Salis, E De Luca, I Ciangola, G Milito
BACKGROUND: The therapy of pelvic floor dyssynergia is mostly conservative and is based on a high-fiber diet, physical activity and biofeedback training. Our aim was to compare the outcome of biofeedback (manometric-assisted pelvic relaxation and simulated defecation training) plus transanal electrostimulation with standard therapy (diet, exercise, laxatives). METHODS: Clinical, physiologic and quality of life [patient assessment of constipation quality of life (PAC-QOL)] measures, anorectal manometry and balloon expulsion test results were collected prospectively at baseline, at the end of the treatment and 6 months after treatment...
June 2015: Techniques in Coloproctology
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