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Acute flacid paralysis

Jeyanthi Suppiah, T S Saraswathy, K Amry, Apandi Yusof, Zainah Saat
OBJECTIVE: To identify the circulating serotypes of human echovirus in Malaysia from 2002 to 2013. METHODS: A total of 31 retrospective samples from non-polio acute flacid paralysis, hand-food-and-mouth disease, viral meningitis and enterovirus cases were subjected to amplification of partial VP1 gene by RT-PCR. RESULTS: Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the partial sequences identified presence of human echovirus and human coxsackie viruses...
March 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Kufakwanguzvarova W Pomerai, Robert F Mudyiradima, Mfuta Tshimanga, Mary Muchekeza
BACKGROUND: AFP is a rare syndrome and serves as a proxy for poliomyelitis. The main objective of AFP surveillance is to detect circulating wild polio virus and provide data for developing effective prevention and control strategies as well planning and decision making. Bikita district failed to detect a case for the past two years. FINDINGS: A total of 31 health workers from 14 health centres were interviewed. Health worker knowledge on AFP was low in Bikita. The system was acceptable, flexible, and representative but not stable and not sensitive since it missed1 AFP case...
2014: BMC Research Notes
Pilar Lopez-Esteban, Isabel Gallego, Victoria Gil-Ferrer
INTRODUCTION. The Guillan-Barre syndrome is the most frequent case of acute flacid paralysis in children. The diagnostic criteria differ according to the demyelinating or axonal variant and the prevalence by geographical area. The electro-myographic study permits identifying variants, evaluating the prognosis and predicting the evolution, is in addition an objective tool for the monitoring. AIM. To describe the electromyographic characteristics of the Guillain-Barre syndrome evaluated in hospital and its classification by physiopathological pattern...
March 1, 2013: Revista de Neurologia
C Durga Rao, Prasanna Yergolkar, K Subbanna Shankarappa
Because of the broadened acute flacid paralysis (AFP) definition and enhanced surveillance, many nonpolio AFP (NP-AFP) cases have been reported in India since 2005. To determine the spectrum of nonpolio enterovirus (NPEV) serotypes associated with NP-AFP from polio-endemic and -free regions, we studied antigenic diversity of AFP-associated NPEVs. Of fecal specimens from 2,786 children with NP-AFP in 1 polio-endemic and 2 polio-free states, 823 (29.5%) were positive for NPEVs in RD cells, of which 532 (64.6%) were positive by viral protein 1 reverse transcription PCR...
November 2012: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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