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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545200/descriptive-epidemiology-of-female-breast-cancer-in-delhi-india
#1
Nalliah Manoharan, Omana Nair, N K Shukla, Goura Kishor Rath
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in females worldwide. The Population Based Cancer Registry data of Delhi were here used to describe the epidemiology and trends in breast cancer incidence in Delhi. Methods: Crude rate, age-standardized incidence rates (ASR) and age-specific incidence rates were calculated using the data collected by Delhi PBCR for the year 2012. The time trend of breast cancer incidence was evaluated by joinpoint regression using the PBCR data from 1988-2012...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541240/homosexuality-according-to-ancient-greek-physicians
#2
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Homosexuality and pedophilia in ancient Greece greatly concerned many researchers who were mainly interested in highlighting the social aspect of this phenomenon in ancient Greek society. An important source on the subject was the paintings of a man and his lover in attic black and red figured pottery, up to the end of the 5th century BC. Another main source was the information that derived from the texts of ancient Greek literature, especially poetry. Homosexuality was not only referring to relationships between males, but it was also manifested in lesbian love...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539178/gender-marital-status-and-longevity
#3
REVIEW
Gemma Tatangelo, Marita McCabe, Stephen Campbell, Cassandra Szoeke
Most studies report a positive relationship between marital status and health, with findings consistent across cultures and countries. Gender effects are significant, with men demonstrating greater health benefit than women. The vast majority of the research has examined heterosexual marriages, yet there has been rapid evolution in society of cohabitation patterns, who can marry, and roles in marriage. In this review, we summarise research findings and discuss important future challenges. Broader work looking at the impact of social connectedness, loneliness and support on survival should be supported...
June 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533566/cohort-changes-in-the-social-distribution-of-tolerant-sexual-attitudes
#4
Fred C Pampel
Though many studies have described societal-wide changes in tolerance for sexual behaviors outside marriage, few have examined how the social distribution of tolerant attitudes has changed. A diffusion-of-innovations approach predicts nonlinear change in the distribution: high SES groups adopt the attitudes first, which produces a positive relationship, but diffusion to other SES groups subsequently weakens the association with SES. I test this argument using the General Social Survey from 1973 to 2014 to compare the SES determinants of attitudes toward premarital sex, extramarital sex, same-gender sex, and teenage sex across 86 cohorts born from around 1900 to 1985...
December 7, 2016: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522269/learning-from-moral-inconsistency
#5
Richmond Campbell
Moral inconsistency is an understudied phenomenon in cognitive moral psychology and deserves in depth empirical study. Moral inconsistency, as understood here, is not formal inconsistency but inconsistency in moral emotion and belief in response to particular cases. It occurs when persons treat cases as morally different that are really morally the same, even from their moral perspective. Learning to recognize and avoid such moral inconsistency in non-trivial but is a form of moral learning that complements and enhances other psychological and social mechanisms through which persons learn how to apply shared moral norms when their applications are uncertain and threaten to lapse into moral inconsistency...
May 15, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515856/inter-ethnic-marriages-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-multicenter-study-of-arabian-gulf-states
#6
Amin Daoulah, Salem Al-Kaabi, Amir Lotfi, Mushabab Al-Murayeh, S Ali Nasseri, Waleed Ahmed, Salah N Al-Otaibi, Mohamed N Alama, Osama E Elkhateeb, Amy J Plotkin, Majed M Malak, Khalid Alshali, Mohamed Hamzi, Saleh Al Khunein, Mohammed Abufayyah, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali
AIM: To assess the association of inter-ethnic vs intra-ethnic marriage with severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in men undergoing angiography. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicenter, multi-ethnic, cross sectional observational study at five hospitals in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, in which we used logistic regression analysis with and without adjustment for baseline differences. RESULTS: Data were collected for 1068 enrolled patients undergoing coronary angiography for clinical indications during the period of April 1(st), 2013 to March 30(th), 2014...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515195/cohort-profile-internal-migration-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-migration-and-health-in-malawi-mhm-study
#7
Philip Anglewicz, Mark VanLandingham, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Hans-Peter Kohler
PURPOSE: The Migration and Health in Malawi (MHM) study focuses on a key challenge in migration research: although it has long been established that migration and health are closely linked, identifying the effect of migration on various health outcomes is complicated by methodological challenges. The MHM study uses a longitudinal panel premigration and postmigration study design (with a non-migrant comparison group) to measure and/or control for important characteristics that affect both migration and health outcomes...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507848/the-marriage-of-sartorius-and-tensor-fasciae-latae-in-treating-vascular-prosthetic-graft-infections
#8
Simone N Zoepke, Louis de Weerd
BACKGROUND: Vascular prosthetic graft infection in the groin is associated with high morbidity and mortality. This article presents a case series on the use of 2 flaps in the treatment of this condition. METHODS: Five patients, mean age 65 years (range, 49-74 years), with significant comorbidity were treated for an exposed and infected vascular prosthetic graft in the groin with a combination of sartorius muscle (SM) flap and tensor fascia lata (TFL) myocutaneous flap after debridement and start of microbiologic culture-guided antibiotic treatment...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504520/prayer-and-forgiveness-beyond-relationship-quality-and-extension-to-marriage
#9
Frank D Fincham, Ross W May
The majority of the world population profess religious/spiritual beliefs and prayer is a form of spiritual activity common across numerous religious/spiritual belief systems. Three studies therefore examined the role of prayer in romantic relationships. Study 1 (n = 91) showed that prayer for a dating partner predicted lower aggressive tendencies and greater forgiveness of partner transgressions, independently of relationship closeness. Study 2 (n = 89 married couples) is among the first to examine the prayer-forgiveness association using dyadic data...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503654/protective-processes-underlying-the-links-between-marital-quality-and-physical-health
#10
Richard B Slatcher, Dominik Schoebi
Although the links between marital quality and physical health are now well established, the psychological processes through which marriage impacts health remain unclear. Additionally, prior research on the links between marriage and health has focused mainly on how negative aspects of relationships (e.g., conflict, hostility) can be damaging to one's physical health. In this article, we describe the strength and strain model of marital quality and health, which provides a roadmap for studying protective factors underlying marriage-health links...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503268/the-roles-of-men-in-family-planning-a-study-of-married-men-at-the-ukm-primary-care-clinic
#11
Jes Ling, S F Tong
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, family planning initiatives were concentrated on women despite it being a family matter. As family dynamics evolved over the years, fathers' involvement in family planning has become crucial in enhancing the family well-being. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the role played by men in family planning activities and the association of socio-economic characteristics with these roles. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in a university primary care clinic...
2017: Malaysian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502253/practice-of-consanguinity-and-attitudes-towards-risk-in-the-pashtun-population-of-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#12
Ruqiya Pervaiz, Faisal Faisal, Nedime Serakinci
This study aimed to investigate the frequency of consanguineous marriages and level of understanding of consanguinity-associated genetic risks in the Pashtun population, Pakistan. Information was gathered using a detailed questionnaire completed by 1500 individuals of both sexes over the 11-month period between April 2015 and February 2016. The mean inbreeding coefficient of the respondents was calculated and a five-point response scale was used to assess their understanding of consanguinity risks. The frequency of consanguineous marriages in the Pashtun population was found to be 58...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501830/views-of-japanese-medical-students-on-the-work-life-balance-of-female-physicians
#13
Keiko Takahashi, Tomoni Nin, Megumi Akano, Yukiko Hasuike, Hiroko Iijima, Keiichirou Suzuki
Objectives: To survey medical students on their ideas of future work-life balance and discuss topics for next-generation medical education. Methods: First-year (n=372, 34.9% female) and sixth-year medical students (n=311, 44.1% female) responded to a questionnaire on future self, marriage and childcare, and gender differences at the workplace. Responses were compared between academic years and gender. Responses were evaluated by gender and academic year using the Mann-Whitney U test...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501717/assisting-asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-global-forced-displacement-five%C3%A2-clinical-cases
#14
Katherine C McKenzie, Arielle Thomas
According to the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees, over 65 million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict and persecution in 2015. Many physicians express an interest in human rights and a desire to assist this group of refugees and asylum seekers. Physicians are able to use their unique skills by performing medical forensic evaluations of individuals seeking asylum. Some asylum seekers have psychological or physical scars or functional abnormalities relating to injuries or ill-treatment they experience due to persecution...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500833/the-male-bride-a-story-of-sexual-female-to-male-transformation-at-marriage-from-the-hellenistic-period-recorded-by-phlegon-of-tralles
#15
Konstantina Barouti, Georgios K Markantes, Anastasia K Armeni, Vasiliki Vasileiou, Neoklis A Georgopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497988/till-porn-do-us-part-a-longitudinal-examination-of-pornography-use-and-divorce
#16
Samuel L Perry, Cyrus Schleifer
As pornography use becomes more commonplace in the United States, and increasingly so among younger cohorts, a growing literature is considering its potential connection to key social and cultural institutions. The current study examined the relationship between pornography use and one such institution: marriage. We drew on three-wave longitudinal data from 2006 to 2014 General Social Survey panel studies to determine whether married Americans' pornography use predicted their likelihood of divorce over time and under what social conditions...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496954/sexual-risk-behaviors-constructed-in-iranian-women-s-life-with-substance-use-disorders-a-new-implication-of-human-ecological-theory
#17
Mansoureh Jamshidimanesh, Seyed Abbas Mousavi, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Afsaneh Keramat
BACKGROUND: Drug abuse is one of the important variables influencing protective sexual behavior. The objective of this study was to explore how risky sexual behaviors develop in drug abusing women using human ecological theory. METHODS: In this study, we used a descriptive exploratory approach. The participants were 32 drug abusing women from two of the selected drop-in centers (DICs) in south Tehran, Iran, where we could have access to a vast number of female drug users...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490820/the-end-of-hypergamy-global-trends-and-implications
#18
Albert Esteve, Christine R Schwartz, Jan Van Bavel, Iñaki Permanyer, Martin Klesment, Joan Garcia
The gender gap in education that has long favored men has reversed for young adults in almost all high and middle-income countries. In 2010, the proportion of women aged 25-29 with a college education was higher than that of men in more than 139 countries which altogether represent 86% of the world's population. According to recent population forecasts, women will have more education than men in nearly every country in the world by 2050, with the exception of only a few African and West Asian countries (KC et al...
December 2016: Population and Development Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489621/own-and-partner-pain-intensity-in-older-couples-longitudinal-effects-on-depressive-symptoms
#19
Courtney A Polenick, Jessica M Brooks, Kira S Birditt
Chronic pain has been linked to depression among individuals and their partners. Yet little is known about long-term mutual influences between pain intensity and depressive symptoms within couples as they age. Utilizing a nationally representative US sample of wives and husbands aged 50 and older (M = 64.45, SD = 7.85), this study explored the links between own and partner pain intensity and depressive symptoms across an 8-year period. A total of 940 heterosexual married couples drawn from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) completed interviews biennially from 2006 to 2014...
May 9, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485579/marriage-of-albumin-gadolinium-complexes-and-mos2-nanoflakes-as-cancer-theranostics-for-dual-modality-magnetic-resonance-photoacoustic-imaging-and-photothermal-therapy
#20
Liang Chen, Xiaojun Zhou, Wei Nie, Wei Feng, Qianqian Zhang, Weizhong Wang, Yanzhong Zhang, Zhigang Chen, Peng Huang, Chuanglong He
The construction of safe and stable theranostics is beneficial to realize simultaneous cancer diagnosis and treatment. In this study, bovine serum albumin-gadolinium (BSA-Gd) complexes and MoS2 nanoflakes (MoS2-Gd-BSA) were successfully married as cancer theranostics for dual-modality magnetic resonance (MR)/photoacoustic (PA) imaging and photothermal therapy (PTT). BSA-Gd complexes were prepared by the biomineralization method and then conjugated with MoS2 nanoflakes via an amide bond. The as-prepared MoS2-Gd-BSA possessed a good photostability and photothermal effect...
May 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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