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Aryeh Lazar
This study examined the moderating effects of religiousness and relationship duration on the association between sexual and marital satisfaction. For this purpose, 240 married Jewish women-religious and secular-responded to an online survey. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that religiousness moderated the association between sexual and marital satisfaction which was found to be stronger for secular women than for religious women. Relationship duration also moderated the association between sexual and marital satisfaction which was found to be stronger for longer marital duration than for shorter marital duration...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Matthew L Paff, Scott L Nuismer, Andrew D Ellington, Ian J Molineux, Ryan H May, James J Bull
BACKGROUND: We propose, model, and implement a novel system of population-level intervention against a virus. One context is a treatment against a chronic infection such as HIV. The underlying principle is a form of virus 'wars' in which a benign, transmissible agent is engineered to protect against infection by and spread of a lethal virus. In our specific case, the protective agent consists of two entities, a benign virus and a gene therapy vector mobilized by the benign virus. RESULTS: Numerical analysis of a mathematical model identified parameter ranges in which adequate, population-wide protection is achieved...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Ihssane El Bouchikhi, Laila Bouguenouch, Fatima Zohra Moufid, Mohammed Iraqui Houssaini, Khadija Belhassan, Imane Samri, Ayoub Tahri Joutei, Karim Ouldim, Samir Atmani
OBJECTIVE: Secundum atrial septal defect (ASDII) has multifactorial etiology that is combination of environmental (e.g., mother's exposure to toxicity, ethnicity) and genetic causes. Aim of the present study was to screen a Moroccan population with ASDII for NKX2-5 variants and to assess risk factors that may contribute to emergence of the disorder. METHODS: Thirty-two non-syndromic ASDII patients were screened for NKX2-5 variants using direct sequencing of polymerase chain reactionamplified coding regions...
October 12, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Stephanie Cham, Hayley J Koslik, Beatrice A Golomb
Psychiatric adverse drug reactions (ADRs) have been reported with statin use, but the literature regarding statin-associated mood/behavioral changes remains limited. We sought to elicit information germane to natural history and characteristics of central nervous system/behavioral changes in apparent connection with statin and/or cholesterol-lowering drug use, and delineate mechanisms that may bear on an association. Participants (and/or proxies) self-referred with behavioral and/or mood changes in apparent association with statins completed a survey eliciting cholesterol-lowering drug history, character and impact of behavioral/mood effect, time-course of onset and recovery in relation to drug use/modification, co-occurrence of recognized statin-associated ADRs, and factors relevant to ADR causality determination...
December 2016: Drug Saf Case Rep
Sheng-Shiung Huang, Hao-Jan Yang
In this study we examine whether there is healthy immigrant effect among women immigrated to Taiwan through transnational marriage. A sample of immigrant women (N = 246) with original nativity of Southeast Asian countries and Taiwanese-born women sample (N = 201) was recruited from December 2008 to December 2009. Their depressive symptoms, acculturative stresses and family functioning were assessed by a series of questionnaires. Immigrant women had lower depressive scores than their native-born counterparts when other potential confounders were controlled for in the multiple regression model...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Alexandra J Hawkey, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz, Christine Metusela
Experiences and constructions of menarche and menstruation are shaped by the sociocultural environment in which women are embedded. We explored experiences and constructions of menarche and menstruation among migrant and refugee women resettled in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada. Seventy-eight semistructured individual interviews and 15 focus groups comprised of 82 participants were undertaken with women from Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Sri Lanka, and varying South American countries...
October 14, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Josephine Adeolu, Eme Owoaje, Adesola Olumide
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents are exposed to a significant amount of sexual content in the media. This has far-reaching effects on their sexual practices as this exposure is occurring at a period when most adolescents are often not sure of the choices to make, and the choices they make during adolescence affect their health when they become adults. The aim of this study was to assess the association between exposure of in-school adolescents to sexual content in the electronic media and their sexual intentions...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Nourossadat Kariman, Maliheh Amerian, Padideh Jannati, Fatemeh Salmani
BACKGROUND: Factors that influence men's childbearing intentions have been relatively unexplored in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the influencing factors about the first childbearing timing decisions of men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 300 men who were referred to private and governmental healthcare centers in Shahrood, Iran were randomly recruited from April to September 2014. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, the Quality of Life Questionnaire; ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire, Synder's Hope Scale, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support...
September 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Flavia Palombo, Nadia Al-Wardy, Guido Alberto Gnecchi Ruscone, Manuela Oppo, Mohammed Nasser Al Kindi, Andrea Angius, Khalsa Al Lamki, Giorgia Girotto, Tania Giangregorio, Matteo Benelli, Alberto Magi, Marco Seri, Paolo Gasparini, Francesco Cucca, Marco Sazzini, Mazin Al Khabori, Tommaso Pippucci, Giovanni Romeo
The increased risk for autosomal recessive disorders is one of the most well-known medical implications of consanguinity. In the Sultanate of Oman, a country characterized by one of the highest rates of consanguineous marriages worldwide, prevalence of genetic hearing loss (GHL) is estimated to be 6/10 000. Families of GHL patients have higher consanguinity rates than the general Omani population, indicating a major role for recessive forms. Mutations in GJB2, the most commonly mutated GHL gene, have been sporadically described...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
Rachel Kidman
BACKGROUND: Studies in South Asia suggest that child marriage is a strong risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV), but evidence outside the region is lacking. METHODS: This study uses standardized data from demographic and health surveys in 34 countries to test the hypothesis that young women (age 20-24) who married as children are at increased risk of past year physical and/or sexual IPV as compared with those women who married as adults. RESULTS: Globally, 9% of respondents were married before they turned 15; another 25% were married between the ages of 15 and 17...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
Bethany G Everett, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Tonda L Hughes
RATIONALE: A small but growing body of research documents associations between structural forms of stigma (e.g., same-sex marriage bans) and sexual minority health. These studies, however, have focused on a limited number of outcomes and have not examined whether sociodemographic characteristics, such as race/ethnicity and education, influence the relationship between policy change and health among sexual minorities. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of civil union legalization on sexual minority women's perceived discrimination, stigma consciousness, depressive symptoms, and four indicators of hazardous drinking (heavy episodic drinking, intoxication, alcohol dependence symptoms, adverse drinking consequences) and to evaluate whether such effects are moderated by race/ethnicity or education...
October 4, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
James Conniff
A transformation in legal and cultural attitudes toward same-sex relationships is under way nationwide. As same-sex marriage has become legal, the unique social and medicolegal issues faced by individuals in same-sex relationships are evolving rapidly. National organizations have published recommendations for making clinical environments more inclusive of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) individuals and their families. Medical issues for patients in same-sex relationships include a higher risk of HIV infection for men who have sex with men (a majority of new cases of HIV infection occur within relationships), higher rates of obesity among women who have sex with women, and disproportionately high rates of mental health issues and alcohol and drug use...
October 2016: FP Essentials
Katie R Genadek, Sarah M Flood, Joan Garcia Roman
Despite major demographic changes over the past 50 years and strong evidence that time spent with a spouse is important for marriages, we know very little about how time with a spouse has changed-or not-in the United States. Using time diary data from 1965-2012, we examine trends in couples' shared time in the United States during a period of major changes in American marriages and families. We find that couples without children spent more total time together and time alone together in 2012 than they did in 1965, with total time and time alone together both peaking in 1975...
October 11, 2016: Demography
Louis A Schmidt, Alva Tang, Kimberly L Day, Ayelet Lahat, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Studies have shown that shy children born in the 1920s and 1950s had delayed marriage and parenthood, less stable careers, and lower occupational attainment as adults than other children. Do these effects still hold true? We examined demographic and social outcomes of children born between 1977 and 1982 in a prospective longitudinal study. We assessed shyness in childhood (age 8), adolescence (age 12-16), young adulthood (age 22-26), and adulthood (age 30-35), and derived three shyness trajectories (i.e., decreasing, increasing, and low-stable)...
October 11, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Reza Najafi, Mahin Hashemipour, Omid Yaghini, Fatemeh Najafi, Amirsalar Rashidianfar
CONTEXT: Aminoacidopathies refer to defects in protein synthesis pathways which result in a range of biochemical disorders and clinical presentations. The enzyme defects in intermediate metabolic pathways lead to accumulation of one or more amino acids or metabolites. Despite higher prevalence rates, screening infants for inherited metabolic disorders is not run in many Middle East countries. AIM: This research is part of a larger study of inherited metabolic disorders to characterize and measure the prevalence of aminoacidopathies...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jennifer Karas Montez, Anna Zajacova, Mark D Hayward
Inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. states are large and growing. It is unknown whether they reflect differences between states in their population characteristics, contextual characteristics, or both. This study systematically examines the large inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. states using a multilevel approach. It focuses on "fundamental" social determinants of mortality at the individual and state levels as potential explanations. We analyze data from the 2013 public-use National Longitudinal Mortality Study on women aged 45-89 years and estimate multilevel logistic regression models...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
Wiebke Bleidorn, Christopher J Hopwood, Richard E Lucas
Theory and research have emphasized the impact of life events on personality trait change. In this article, we review prospective research on personality trait change in response to 9 major life events in the broader domains of love and work. We expected to find that life events lead to personality trait change to the extent that they have a lasting influence on individuals' thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Moreover, we predicted that love-related life events such as marriage or parenthood would be more strongly related to changes in traits that emphasize affective content whereas work-related life events would be more likely to lead to change in traits that reflect behavioral or cognitive content...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Personality
Jessica M Perkins, Hwa-Young Lee, K S James, Juhwan Oh, Aditi Krishna, Jongho Heo, Jong-Koo Lee, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated health benefits of marriage and the potential for worse outcomes during widowhood in some populations. However, few studies have assessed the relevance of widowhood and widowhood duration to a variety of health-related outcomes and chronic diseases among older adults in India, and even fewer have examined these relationships stratified by gender. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional representative sample of 9,615 adults aged 60 years or older from 7 states in diverse regions of India, we examine the relationship between widowhood and self-rated health, psychological distress, cognitive ability, and four chronic diseases before and after adjusting for demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, living with children, and rural-urban location for men and women, separately...
September 30, 2016: BMC Public Health
Sunila Shakya, Unni Syversen, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Anna Mary Bofin, Guro Aune, Sven Arne Nordbø, Karishma Malla Vaidya, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Jan Egil Afset, Solveig Tingulstad
INTRODUCTION: In this study we aimed to determine the overall and type-specific prevalence of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and risk factors for such infection among women in rural Nepal, and to investigate the distribution of HPV infection by cervical cytology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among women aged ≥ 15 years in five rural villages within Kavre District in Nepal. Socio-demographic data and information on risk factors for cervical cancer were obtained through an interview, and a cervical specimen was collected for HPV DNA detection and typing using the Anyplex(™) ll HPV28 Detection system, and for Papanicolaou test...
October 7, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Ali Taghipour, Narjes Sadat Borghei, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Afsaneh Keramat, Hadi Jabbari Nooghabi
BACKGROUND: Women's empowerment programs during pregnancy focus primarily on increasing women's health goals and psychological empowerment has been considered important in most issues related to pregnant mothers' mental health. Using path analysis, this study aims to examine the direct and indirect components of psychological empowerment of pregnant mothers. METHODS: This model-testing study was conducted in Gorgan, northwest of Iran during three months in spring of 2015...
October 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
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