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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924467/indian-pediatric-postgraduate-s-perspective-on-future-career-intentions
#1
Latha M Sneha, Manipriya Ravindran, Rekha Kumar, Padmasani Venkatraman, Julius Scott, LakshmiNarayan Kannan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors that influence Pediatric residents to pursue a subspecialty career and establish their choice of future workplace. METHODS: The present questionnaire based study was conducted during a National level pediatric post graduate exam refresher course in Chennai, India and involved Pediatric residents from all parts of India. Datas was analysed with the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS, version 18.0). RESULTS: Seventy five respondents participated in the study...
December 7, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923964/on-the-relationship-between-the-marriage-squeeze-and-the-quality-of-life-of-rural-men-in-china
#2
Xueyan Yang, Shuzhuo Li, Isabelle Attané, Marcus W Feldman
China is facing a male marriage squeeze, as there are more men in the marriage market than potential female partners. As a consequence, some men may fail to ever marry. However, while some studies have suggested that most unmarried men affected by the marriage squeeze in rural China feel a sense of failure, the quality of life of the men who remain unmarried against their will remains largely unexplored. Using data collected in rural Hanbin district of Ankang City (Shaanxi, China), this study analyzes the relationship between the marriage squeeze and the quality of life among rural men...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920683/squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-african-children-with-xeroderma-pigmentosum-three-case-reports
#3
Mamadou Kaloga, Pauline Dioussé, Boubacar Ahy Diatta, Mariama Bammo, Sarah Kourouma, Almamy Diabate, Ndiaga Gueye, Haby Dione, Moussa Diallo, Bernard Marcel Diop
INTRODUCTION: Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disease. This disease predisposes patients to early-onset skin cancers, particularly squamous cell carcinoma. Here, we report 3 pediatric cases, including 2 deaths. OBSERVATION: The subjects included 2 boys and 1 girl with skin type VI. All subjects were from consanguineous marriages, and the average age was 7.6 years. The patients all had ulcerative budding tumor lesions in the cephalic region, and the mean disease duration was 18 months...
September 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919486/consanguinity-and-multiple-sclerosis-susceptibility-a-case-control-study
#4
Helia Maghzi, Vahid Shaygannejad, Alireza Minagar, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Amir-Hadi Maghzi
BACKGROUND: Several lines of evidence point towards the importance of genetic risk factors in the susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to compare the rates of consanguineous marriages between first cousins among parents of MS patients and a healthy unrelated control group. METHOD: This study is a cross-sectional hospital registry based study, which was performed by analyzing the clinical records of patients registered with the Kashani hospital database, and also a control group of randomly selected healthy individuals...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917848/depression-and-intimate-relationships-of-adolescents-from-divorced-families
#5
Halima Hadžikapetanović, Tajib Babić, Edin Bjelošević
Aim To determine an impact of parental divorce to depression and intimate relationships of young people during adolescence, and prevalence of symptoms of depression and the level of intimacy in relations to adolescents living in intact families and those from divorced families. Methods This prospective descriptive research was conducted on a sample of 168 examinees of which 64 (38.1%) were students of the University Zenica, and 104 (61.9%) high students schools from Zenica and Maglaj cities during May and June 2011...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913759/older-women-in-new-romantic-relationships-understanding-the-meaning-and-importance-of-sex-in-later-life
#6
Wendy K Watson, Charlie Stelle, Nancy Bell
Although research has found that sexual activity declines with age, most of this literature examines people in long-term marriages. Little is known about the initiation of new sexual relationships in later life. In-depth interviews with 14 women aged 64 to 77 years were conducted to examine their personal and collective narratives regarding sexuality in later life. In contrast to common perceptions, none of the participants felt that aging had negatively impacted their own sexuality. For many, this was a time in their lives when they were experiencing renewed sexual desire and enjoyment...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912112/ethnic-variation-of-genetic-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy-in-malaysia
#7
Kheng Seang Lim, Ching Ching Ng, Chung Kin Chan, Wee Shean Foo, Joyce Siew Yong Low, Chong Tin Tan
PURPOSE: Ethnic variation in epilepsy classification was reported in the Epilepsy Phenome/Genome Project. This study aimed to determine the ethnic variation in the prevalence of genetic (idiopathic) generalized epilepsy (GGE) and GGE with family history in a multi-ethnic Asian population in Malaysia. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 392 patients with a clinical diagnosis of GGE were recruited in the neurology outpatient clinic, University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), from January 2011 till April 2016...
November 24, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909585/developmental-idealism-body-weight-and-shape-and-marriage-entry-in-transitional-china
#8
Hongwei Xu
New trends toward later and less marriage are emerging in post-reform China. Previous research has examined the changing individual-level socioeconomic and demographic characteristics shaping marriage entry in Chinese adults. Employing a cultural model known as developmental idealism (DI), this study argues that a new worldview specifying an ideal body type has become popular in the West and that this new worldview has been exported to China. This new part of the DI package is likely stratified by gender, has a stronger impact on women than on men, and has likely penetrated urban areas more than rural areas...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904635/evaluation-of-reproductive-health-indicators-in-women-affected-by-east-azarbaijan-earthquake-on-august-2012
#9
Farideh Bahmanjanbeh, Shahnaz Kohan, Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian, Abbas Haghshenas
BACKGROUND: Ignoring reproductive health services during natural disasters leads to some negative consequences such as reduced access to contraceptive methods, sexual disorders, and pregnancy complications. Despite previous researches, there is still more need for research on this area of health. This study attempts to identify the indicators of reproductive health in the women affected by the East Azarbaijan earthquake on August 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive study, reproductive health information pertaining to the years before, during, and after the earthquake were collected and compared in the health centers of the three affected cities including Ahar, Heriss, and Varzaghan as well as the health and forensics centers of the East Azarbaijan province in Iran by census method...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903325/the-impact-of-offspring-marital-status-on-depressive-symptoms-of-parents-findings-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#10
Woorim Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Kyu-Tae Han, Tae-Hoon Lee, Tae Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Noticeable demographic changes have taken place in South Korea, with the general marriage rate decreasing and the average first age at marriage and general divorce rate increasing. The shown trends have contributed to intergenerational discordance in the perception of familial values, which is important in addressing the psychological well-being of parents. This study aimed to investigate the association between the marital status of offspring aged 40 years and over and the depression levels of parents...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900640/statistical-effects-of-religious-participation-and-marriage-on-substance-use-and-abuse-in-racial-and-ethnic-minorities
#11
Kristine Ria Hearld, Amy Badham, Henna Budhwani
Substance use and abuse, which includes alcohol use, alcohol dependence, drug use, and drug dependence, inflicts a substantial toll on Americans. Although studies have demonstrated the protective effect of social support, such as religious participation and via marriage, understanding their influence on racial and ethnic minorities is limited. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the impact of social support on substance use and abuse in racial and ethnic minorities. The Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys, sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health, a repository of race, ethnicity, and mental health data, was leveraged to develop four models using multivariate analysis, specifically logistic regression to estimate the probability of meeting the criteria for substance use and abuse...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900487/lipoid-proteinosis-unveiled-by-oral-mucosal-lesions-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-137-cases
#12
Boaz Frenkel, Marilena Vered, Shlomo Taicher, Noam Yarom
OBJECTIVES: Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by deposits of hyaline material within skin and mucous membranes of the upper aerodigestive tract, especially the vocal cords. We aimed to investigate possible associations between oral LP (oLP) manifestations and demographic data and extra-oral lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cases of oLP were collected following a systematic search of Medline's PubMed and Google Scholar (1948-2014)...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899325/dystrophic-epidermolysis-bullosa-col7a1-mutation-landscape-in-a-multi-ethnic-cohort-of-152-extended-families-with-high-degree-of-customary-consanguineous-marriages
#13
Hassan Vahidnezhad, Leila Youssefian, Sirous Zeinali, Amir Hossein Saeidian, Soheila Sotudeh, Nikoo Mozafari, Maryam Abiri, Abdolmohammad Kajbafzadeh, Mohammadreza Barzegar, Adam Ertel, Paolo Fortina, Jouni Uitto
Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is a heritable skin disease manifesting with sub-lamina densa blistering, erosions and chronic ulcers. COL7A1, encoding type VII collagen, has been identified as the candidate gene for DEB. In this study, we have identified COL7A1 mutations in a large multi-ethnic cohort of 152 extended Iranian families with high degree of consanguinity. The patients were diagnosed by clinical manifestations, histopathology and immunoepitope mapping. Mutation detection consisted of a combination of a single nucleotide polymorphism-based whole genome homozygosity mapping, Sanger sequencing and gene targeted next generation sequencing...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#14
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892803/attitudes-of-heterosexual-men-and-women-towards-hiv-negative-and-positive-gay-men
#15
Andrea Norcini Pala, Paola Villano, Lauren Clinton
Attitudes of Italian heterosexual men and women towards gay men, both HIV positive and negative, are poorly investigated. Italian culture is still extremely conservative, and provides limited support to the gay community e.g. lack of same-sex marriage recognition. Consequently, gay men experience social exclusion and disparities. The present study explores the association between homophobia and closeness with sexual orientation and HIV status. 261 heterosexual Italian men and women were assessed for feelings of closeness and homophobia after reading a vignette where the character was: C1: heterosexual and HIV negative, C2: Gay and HIV negative or C3: Gay and HIV positive...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891555/the-epidemiologic-transition-of-thalassemia-and-associated-hemoglobinopathies-in-southern-taiwan
#16
Hui-Ching Wang, Li-Ling Hsieh, Yi-Chang Liu, Hui-Hua Hsiao, Shu-Kai Lin, Wen-Chan Tsai, Ta-Chih Liu
Since 1993, following the National Thalassemia Major Prevention Program and an increase in immigration and interracial marriages, especially in southern Taiwan, the distribution of hemoglobinopathies may have changed. This study investigates the epidemiologic transition of hemoglobinopathies. We analyzed 1870 specimens collected between 2003 and 2012 in southern Taiwan, used gap-polymerase chain reaction and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism-based methods, and confirmed genotypes of hemoglobinopathies by DNA sequencing...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890983/child-marriage-in-rural-gujarat
#17
Manas Pratim Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888970/paternal-depression-rates-in-prenatal-and-postpartum-periods-and-affecting-factors
#18
Ekin Dila Top, Nuray Egelioglu Cetisli, Serkan Guclu, Esma Burcak Zengin
The objective of this study was to determine the paternal depression rates and affecting factors in prenatal and postpartum periods. The study, which was descriptive and cross-sectional, was conducted with 92 volunteer couples that suited the criteria for the sample. These participants were selected from couples that applied to the gynecology clinic of a private hospital between September 2014 and April 2015 and who were in their 37th-40th weeks of pregnancy. Data collection was planned in two interviews; the first one was done between the 37th and 40th weeks of the pregnancy, and the second was conducted between the 4th and 6th weeks after the birth...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888245/yes-marriage-equality-is-a-mental-health-issue
#19
David Burke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887669/couple-interdependence-impacts-hiv-related-health-behaviours-among-pregnant-couples-in-southwestern-kenya-a-qualitative-analysis
#20
Anna Joy Rogers, Lillian Achiro, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Abigail M Hatcher, Zachary Kwena, Pamela L Musoke, Janet M Turan, Elly Weke, Lynae A Darbes
INTRODUCTION: HIV infection is frequently transmitted within stable couple partnerships. In order to prevent HIV acquisition in HIV-negative couples, as well as improve coping in couples with an HIV-positive diagnosis, it has been suggested that interventions be aimed at strengthening couple relationships, in addition to addressing individual behaviours. However, little is known about factors that influence relationships to impact joint decision-making related to HIV. METHODS: We conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with 40 pregnant women and 40 male partners in southwestern Kenya, an area of high HIV prevalence...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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