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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651401/-investigation-of-group-sex-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-taizhou-zhejiang-province-2013-2015
#1
H J Lin, Y C Zhang, W W Shen, Q H Wu, Y Y Xu, D H Qiu, Y Y Ding, N He
Objective: To understand the prevalence of group sex in men who have sex with men (MSM) and related factors in Taizhou, Zhejiang province. Methods: From March 2013 to September 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among MSM recruited from gay bars or bath houses in Taizhou by using questionnaire to collect the information about their sexual behavior and HIV test. Results: A total of 1 435 MSM were recruited, 179 of them (12.5%) were HIV infected, 231 (16.1%) reported group sex during the past year. Compared with MSM without group sex, more MSM with group sex had more than ten male sexual partners (53...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650337/risk-factors-of-neonatal-mortality-in-faisalabad-pakistan
#2
Sajjad Haider Bhatti, Hiba Izzam Mamuna, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Aslam, Nosheen Aslam, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Hamad Ahmed, Muhammad Akram
The objective of study was to find out major correlates of neonatal mortality. The main focus was in determining the impact of different demographic and health related characteristics of neonates and their mothers. A planned questionnaire was prepared in order to collect the information from mothers of newborns. The data were collected from different public and private hospitals of Faisalabad district. Discharge condition of neonate (dead or alive) was taken as response. Binary logistic regression was applied in order to unveil the impact of different contributory factors on the chances of neonatal mortality...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649142/how-early-life-religious-exposure-relates-to-the-timing-of-first-birth
#3
Lisa D Pearce, Shannon N Davis
This paper examines intermediary processes explaining how religious socialization and involvement early in life are related to the timing of first births for women in the United States. The theory of conjunctural action forms the basis for hypotheses for how religious schema and materials operate to influence birth timing. Using the NLSY79 data and event history methods, the study finds evidence for expected family size, work-family gender ideology, educational attainment and enrollment, cohabitation, and age at marriage as mediators of associations between early life religious exposure (affiliation and attendance) and the timing of nonmaritally and maritally conceived first births...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647976/-status-of-marriage-and-hiv-transmission-between-couples-in-newly-reported-hiv-cases-before-diagnosis-was-made-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-2014
#4
J Li, J Han, J Xu, H L Tang, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the status of marriage and HIV transmission between couples in newly reported HIV cases before diagnoses were made, among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. Methods: Baseline and follow-up information related to newly reported cases in 2014 were collected from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System. Infected MSM who were older than 22 years of age were included in this study. HIV cases were divided into sero-concordant or sero-discordant group, according to the HIV status of the couple who were tested 180 days post-diagnosis...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646921/factors-associated-with-intimate-partner-physical-violence-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-shire-endaselassie-town-tigray-northern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-july-2015
#5
Berhane Hailu Gebrezgi, Marta Berta Badi, Endashaw Admassu Cherkose, Negassie Berhe Weldehaweria
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner physical violence is a common global phenomenon. About 30.00% and 38.83% of women in the world and in sub-Saharan Africa experienced physical violence by their partner respectively in 2013. Though intimate partner violence has serious adverse health consequences, there is limited information about partner violence during pregnancy in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalnce of physical intimate partner violence during pregnancy and associated factors among women attending antenatal care in Shire Endaselassie town, Tigray, northen Ethiopia METHODS: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 3 to July 6, 2015...
June 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645977/vitamin-d-status-and-associated-factors-among-portuguese-older-adults-results-from-the-nutrition-up-65-cross-sectional-study
#6
Alejandro Santos, Teresa F Amaral, Rita S Guerra, Ana S Sousa, Luisa Álvares, Pedro Moreira, Patrícia Padrão, Cláudia Afonso, Nuno Borges
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate vitamin D status and its associated factors in Portuguese older adults from the Nutrition UP 65 study. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Nationwide cluster sample of 1500 Portuguese subjects ≥65 years old. Participants were classified, according to US Institute of Medicine cut-offs, as presenting normal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels (≥50.0 nmol/L), at risk of inadequacy (30...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644950/hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-fanconi-anemia-and-dyskeratosis-congenita-a-minireview
#7
REVIEW
Mouhab Ayas
Bone marrow failure syndrome is an epithet of bone marrow failure (all or single-cell lineage) that is attributable to an underlying genetic aberration usually with a constellation of somatic abnormalities. Multiple inheritance patterns have been described in these disorders; many are transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern, which may consequently lead to a higher prevalence of such illnesses in homogeneous societies such as Saudi Arabia, where consanguineous marriages are not uncommon. At King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, the most common entity referred for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is Fanconi anemia, followed by pure red aplasia, and, less commonly, dyskeratosis congenita, congenital neutropenia, and others...
June 15, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641583/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-infertility-in-turkey-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-surveys-1993-2013
#8
Melike Sarac, Ismet Koc
The inability to have children affects couples worldwide and causes emotional and psychological distress in both men and women. Turkey is a country that lays particular emphasis on the issue of infertility, especially after experiencing a dramatic fertility decline over the last two decades. This study aimed to understand the changes in the prevalence of infertility in Turkey using three different approaches: the DHS Approach, the Constructed Approach and the Current Duration Approach. Furthermore, the factors contributing to elevated risks of infertility as derived from the Constructed Approach were investigated using four different logistic regression models...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641066/free-to-love-the-role-of-intrusive-parenting-for-young-adult-children-s-romantic-relationship-quality
#9
Miriam Parise, Claudia Manzi, Silvia Donato, Raffaella Iafrate
Intrusive parenting is a form of boundary disturbance in the parent-child relationship which has been consistently associated with children's maladjustment. The present study examines the role of intrusive parenting for young adult children's romantic relationship quality. Relying on data from a two-wave longitudinal study among young couples in transition to marriage in Italy, we investigated the link between young adults' perceived intrusive parenting and change in their romantic relationship quality from 6 months before marriage to 18 months after marriage, as well as the mediating role of change in the capacity to include the partner in the self...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640483/decreased-cancer-independent-life-expectancy-in-the-head-and-neck-cancer-population
#10
Sean T Massa, Lauren M Cass, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Kara M Christopher, Ronald J Walker, Mark A Varvares
BACKGROUND: Aside from cancer mortality, patients with head and neck cancer have increased mortality risk. Identifying patients with the greatest loss of cancer-independent life expectancy can guide comprehensive survivorship programs. METHODS: Age-based survival data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result (SEER) database for patients with head and neck cancer were censored for mortality from the index cancer. Life expectancy and years of life lost (YLL) referenced to the general population were calculated...
June 22, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637290/a-bright-side-to-the-work-family-interface-husbands-support-as-a-resource-in-double-and-triple-duty-caregiving-wives-work-lives
#11
Nicole DePasquale, Courtney A Polenick, Kelly D Davis, Lisa F Berkman, Thomas D Cabot
Purpose of the Study: This study examined how women who combine long-term care employment with unpaid, informal caregiving roles for children (double-duty-child caregivers), older adults (double-duty-elder caregivers), and both children and older adults (triple-duty caregivers) differed from their workplace-only caregiving counterparts on workplace factors related to job retention (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intentions) and performance (i.e., perceived obligation to work while sick and emotional exhaustion)...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636707/incidence-and-predictors-of-opioid-prescription-at-discharge-after-traumatic-injury
#12
Muhammad Ali Chaudhary, Andrew J Schoenfeld, Alyssa F Harlow, Anju Ranjit, Rebecca Scully, Ritam Chowdhury, Meesha Sharma, Stephanie Nitzschke, Tracey Koehlmoos, Adil H Haider
Importance: In the current health care environment with increased scrutiny and growing concern regarding opioid use and abuse, there has been a push toward greater regulation over prescriptions of opioids. Trauma patients represent a population that may be affected by this regulation, as the incidence of pain at hospital discharge is greater than 95%, and opioids are considered the first line of treatment for pain management. However, the use of opioid prescriptions in trauma patients at hospital discharge has not been explored...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635409/confronting-infertility-in-iranian-clients-a-grounded-theory
#13
Mitra Zandi, Eesa Mohammadi, Zohreh Vanaki, Marziyeh Shiva, Narges Bagheri Lankarani, Faezeh Zarei
The present study examined how infertile Iranian clients confront infertility. Research on infertility has confirmed the significance of a socio-cultural context in the formation of responses to infertility. This study used the grounded theory approach to explore the experiences of infertile individuals presenting at the Royan Institute in Iran from October 2013 to September 2014. Clients with infertility of at least two years in duration were recruited using purposive sampling followed by theoretical sampling...
February 10, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635337/population-based-genetic-study-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-mutations-in-mardan-division-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-province-pakistan
#14
Raj Muhammad, Muhammad Shakeel, Shoaib U Rehman, Muhammad A Lodhi
β-Thalassemia (β-thal) is the most prevalent hereditary blood disorder in Pakistan with a carrier rate of 5.0-8.0%. The homozygous affected children require frequent blood transfusions for their survival. This autosomal recessive disease can only be prevented through awareness programs, carrier screening, mutation detection, genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis (PND). The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of various mutations causing β-thal and also to detect carriers of these mutations in families living in the Mardan Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province, Pakistan...
June 21, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634657/longitudinal-perceptions-of-the-side-effects-of-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancer
#15
Hui-Chun Hsu, Su-Yu Tsai, Shang-Liang Wu, Shiow-Roug Jeang, Mei-Yao Ho, Wen-Shiung Liou, An-Jen Chiang, Tsung-Hsien Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the incidence and difference of side effects among six courses of chemotherapy (C/T) in gynecological cancer patients. METHODS: The study period was from Sep. 2010 to Dec. 2011 at the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan. The treating protocols, courses, and drugs of C/T in patient were considered according to the different malignant cancers and clinical conditions. The patient data of age, marriage status, education, religion, and experiences of C/T were collected...
June 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632418/therapeutic-monitoring-of-unfractionated-heparin-trials-and-tribulations
#16
Israfil Baluwala, Emmanuel Favaloro, Leonardo Pasalic
Heparin is one of the oldest biological medicines with an established role in prevention and treatment of arterial and venous thromboembolism. Published therapeutic ranges for unfractionated heparin (UFH) mostly precede the large increase in the number of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) reagent/instrument combinations that now show wide variability. Areas covered: This paper explores the use of UFH, the development of heparin therapeutic ranges (HTRs), and the strengths and limitations of the methods used to monitor heparin's anticoagulant effect...
June 20, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632188/smartphone-based-food-diagnostic-technologies-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Giovanni Rateni, Paolo Dario, Filippo Cavallo
A new generation of mobile sensing approaches offers significant advantages over traditional platforms in terms of test speed, control, low cost, ease-of-operation, and data management, and requires minimal equipment and user involvement. The marriage of novel sensing technologies with cellphones enables the development of powerful lab-on-smartphone platforms for many important applications including medical diagnosis, environmental monitoring, and food safety analysis. This paper reviews the recent advancements and developments in the field of smartphone-based food diagnostic technologies, with an emphasis on custom modules to enhance smartphone sensing capabilities...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#18
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623842/what-are-they-thinking-a-national-study-of-stability-and-change-in-divorce-ideation
#19
Alan J Hawkins, Adam M Galovan, Steven M Harris, Sage E Allen, Sarah M Allen, Kelly M Roberts, David G Schramm
This study reports on a nationally representative sample of married individuals ages 25-50 (N = 3,000) surveyed twice (1 year apart) to investigate the phenomenon of divorce ideation, or what people are thinking when they are thinking about divorce. Twenty-eight percent of respondents had thought their marriage was in serious trouble in the past but not recently. Another 25% had thoughts about divorce in the last 6 months. Latent Class Analysis revealed three distinct groups among those thinking about divorce at Time 1: soft thinkers (49%), long-term-serious thinkers (45%), and conflicted thinkers (6%)...
June 17, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619069/social-determinants-of-depression-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-the-caribbean-a-systematic-review
#20
Catherine R Brown, Ian R Hambleton, Natasha Sobers-Grannum, Shawn M Hercules, Nigel Unwin, E Nigel Harris, Rainford Wilks, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan, Madhuvanti M Murphy
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorder is the largest contributor to years lived with disability in the Caribbean, adding 948 per 100,000 in 2013. Depression is also a major risk factor for suicidal behaviour. Social inequalities influence the occurrence of depression, yet little is known about the social inequalities of this condition in the Caribbean. In support of the 2011 Rio Political Declaration on addressing health inequities, this article presents a systematic review of the role of social determinants on depression and its suicidal behaviours in the Caribbean...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
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