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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211561/comparison-of-observed-and-expected-levels-of-genetic-diversity-based-on-surname-frequencies-an-example-from-historical-massachusetts
#1
John H Relethford
OBJECTIVES: The inverse of random inbreeding based on surname frequencies (1/Fr ) is an estimate of genetic diversity, and its expectation is a function of the number of migrants into a population. Observed and expected values of (1/Fr ) were compared to determine if observed diversity matches theoretical expectations under conditions of rapid demographic change using data from historical Massachusetts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on migration and surnames were taken from 6,038 marriage records from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries from five towns in north-central Massachusetts...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211557/associations-of-selected-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-biographical-context-in-patients-of-a-day-hospital-for-neurotic-disorders
#2
Michał Skalski, Jerzy A Sobański, Tomasz Golabek, Agata Świerkosz, Katarzyna Klasa, Mikołaj Przydacz, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska, Michał Mielimąka, Katarzyna Cyranka, Piotr Chłosta, Dominika Dudek
OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation of subjectively estimated biographical context and lower urinary tract symptoms reported by patients with neurotic and personality disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the biographical context of co-existence of urinary frequency and urinary incontinence reported by 3,929 patients in a day hospital for treatment of neurotic disorders. The symptom checklists KO "0" were completed by patients prior to any treatment...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209083/the-marriage-boom-and-marriage-bust-in-the-united-states-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#3
Jona Schellekens
In the 1950s and 1960s there was an unprecedented marriage boom in the United States. This was followed in the 1970s by a marriage bust. Some argue that both phenomena are cohort effects, while others argue that they are period effects. The study reported here tested the major period and cohort theories of the marriage boom and bust, by estimating an age-period-cohort model of first marriage for the years 1925-79 using census microdata. The results of the analysis indicate that the marriage boom was mostly a period effect, although there were also cohort influences...
March 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208946/the-impact-of-intimate-male-partner-violence-on-women-s-sexual-function-a-study-in-iran
#4
Safieh Jamali, Shohreh Javadpour
INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is an integral part of a woman's life. A variety of factors can affect a woman's sexuality, among them physical disorders, social-religious beliefs, age, psychological factors, depression, mental tension, disbelief, an unfulfilling relationship with one's spouse and emotional and physical violence. AIM: The present study aimed to explore the rate of domestic violence against women and its impact on women's sexuality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 813 women referring to the gynaecology clinics of Jahrom, Iran, from April to October 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208841/assessment-of-correlation-between-sweat-chloride-levels-and-clinical-features-of-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#5
Manzoor A Raina, Mosin S Khan, Showkat A Malik, Ab Hameed Raina, Mudassir J Makhdoomi, Javed I Bhat, Syed Mudassar
INTRODUCTION: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder and the incidence of this disease is undermined in Northern India. The distinguishable salty character of the sweat belonging to individuals suffering from CF makes sweat chloride estimation essential for diagnosis of CF disease. AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to elucidate the relationship of sweat chloride levels with clinical features and pattern of CF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 182 patients, with clinical features of CF were included in this study for quantitative measurement of sweat chloride...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207297/measuring-the-influence-of-legally-recognized-partnerships-on-the-health-and-well-being-of-same-sex-couples-utility-of-the-california-health-interview-survey
#6
William N Elwood, Veronica L Irvin, Qiankun Sun, Nancy Breen
PURPOSE: This study explored the utility of the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) to compare health-related outcomes among gay men, lesbians, and heterosexuals who reported being in a legally recognized partnership. METHODS: We regressed sexual identity and marriage/legally recognized partnership status on seven different outcomes related to health insurance coverage, medical services access and use, and general health and well-being using CHIS data collected between 2009 and 2013...
February 16, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205237/coupling-processes-and-experiences-of-never-married-heterosexual-black-men-and-women-a-phenomenological-study
#7
Christiana I Awosan, Kenneth V Hardy
Over the past decades, the decline in Black marriages and the upsurge of never-married Blacks have stimulated much theoretical focus, but researchers conducted few studies on never-married heterosexual Black adults' coupling unions. Guided by an integrated framework of Africana womanism and symbolic interactionism, this qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological study used comprehensive individual interviews to explore the experiences of 26 never-married heterosexual Black men and women between the ages 25 and 35 about their attempts to cultivate and maintain intimate romantic relationships as well as their desire for marriage...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203060/acceptance-of-disease-and-lifestyle-modification-after-diagnosis-among-young-adults-with-epilepsy
#8
Anna Staniszewska, Urszula Religioni, Marta Dąbrowska-Bender
AIM: Assessment of factors affecting the degree of illness acceptance in patients with epilepsy and determination of whether the diagnosis of epilepsy influenced the functioning of this population group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS) and authors' own questionnaire were used in this study. The study included 264 patients with epilepsy aged 20-40 years. The study was carried out during the period from June 2015 to June 2016. Participants were recruited through multiple channels, including online websites, a forum for people suffering from epilepsy, and from a neurological outpatient clinic in Warsaw...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202492/gating-ring-strengthens-marriage-of-bk-channel-voltage-sensing-to-pore-opening
#9
Caitlin Sedwick
A new JGP study shows that the gating ring helps the voltage-sensing domain open the BK channel's pore.
February 15, 2017: Journal of General Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202143/the-missing-women-in-stem-assessing-gender-differentials-in-the-factors-associated-with-transition-to-first-jobs
#10
Sharon Sassler, Jennifer Glass, Yael Levitte, Katherine M Michelmore
Women remain underrepresented in the STEM workforce. We assess explanations for women's underrepresentation in STEM jobs, focusing on a cohort that came of age in the 1980s and 1990s, when women dramatically increased their representation in the scientific labor force. Data are from the NLSY79, and our analysis focuses on members of this cohort who received a college degree, with an emphasis on those who completed a degree in a STEM field. Our analyses test the extent to which college major, expectations to work in STEM, and family expectations shaped transitions into STEM occupations within two years of degree completion...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198937/-prenuptial-medical-exams-in-debate-a-proposed-eugenic-intervention-in-brazil-1910-1940
#11
Priscila Bermudes Peixoto
This text results from research undertaken for a master's degree that focused on the proposed introduction of prenuptial medical exams in the early 1900s in Brazil. This was strongly defended by Brazilian eugenicists as a much-needed means of bringing about the racial improvement of the population. The exam would help prevent the marriage and reproduction of individuals considered degenerate or inferior, seen as inadequate for the eugenic development of future generations. The debate in Brazil between doctors and intellectuals who supported the introduction of a law that would make a prenuptial medical exam mandatory is analyzed, as are the controversies and objections voiced by its critics, ultimately helping ensure it was not adopted in the country...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198930/eugenics-in-buenos-aires-discourses-practices-and-historiography
#12
Diego Armus
Since the early 1990s, a series of studies underscored the overwhelming presence of positive eugenics in modern Argentina. These works emphasized the marginal role which discourse on eugenics took on violent methods for selection. In recent years, this point of view has shifted, emphasizing the conceptual viscosity of eugenics as well as the presence of negative eugenic discourses. This paper discusses these historiographic trends, and also dwells on the narratives that those perspectives articulated in relation to the question of sterilization and regulation of marriage of those who had tuberculosis in Buenos Aires during the first half of the twentieth century...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198924/the-issue-of-race-in-the-work-of-domingos-guedes-cabral
#13
Juanma Sánchez Arteaga, Ronnie Jorge Tavares de Almeida, Charbel Niño El-Hani
In 1875 Bahia, medicine and evolutionism were used by the physician, journalist, and republican militant Domingos Guedes Cabral as ideological weapons to propose a radical program of social reforms in Brazil in the areas of education, marriage control, medical care to the alienated, changes in the penal system, etc., all of which were based on the scientific knowledge of that time. Among the social ideas of Guedes Cabral, the question of race will be the main focus of this analysis. In this sense, Domingos Guedes Cabral is a particularly significant example for understanding the initial steps in the peculiar alliance between evolutionism, medicine, and scientific racism in Brazil since the 1870s, when Darwinism first arrived in the country...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198883/angle-resolved-coherent-wave-mixing-using-a-4%C3%A2-%C3%A2-fs-ultra-broad-bandwidth-laser
#14
I P Mercer, T Witting, T Driver, R J Cogdell, J P Marangos, J W G Tisch
We demonstrate angle-resolved coherent (ARC) wave mixing using 4 fs light pulses derived from a laser source that spans 550-1000 nm. We believe this to be the shortest pulse duration used to date in coherent multi-dimensional spectroscopy. The marriage of this ultra-broad band, few-cycle coherent source with the ARC technique will permit new investigations of the interplay between energy transfers and quantum superposition states spanning 8200  cm<sup>-1</sup>. We applied this configuration to measurements on the photosynthetic low light (LL) complex from Rhodopseudomonas palustris in solution at ambient temperature...
February 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197139/let-s-tie-the-knot-marriage-of-complement-and-adaptive-immunity-in-pathogen-evasion-for-better-or-worse
#15
REVIEW
Kaila M Bennett, Suzan H M Rooijakkers, Ronald D Gorham
The complement system is typically regarded as an effector arm of innate immunity, leading to recognition and killing of microbial invaders in body fluids. Consequently, pathogens have engaged in an arms race, evolving molecules that can interfere with proper complement responses. However, complement is no longer viewed as an isolated system, and links with other immune mechanisms are continually being discovered. Complement forms an important bridge between innate and adaptive immunity. While its roles in innate immunity are well-documented, its function in adaptive immunity is less characterized...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195956/group-based-trajectory-analysis-of-emotional-symptoms-among-survivors-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Dianxu Ren, Jun Fan, Ava M Puccio, David O Okonkwo, Sue R Beers, Yvette Conley
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms and anxiety are fairly common emotional outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Life satisfaction is a main factor in the general construct of subjective well-being. However, there is limited literature available on the interrelationship between emotional outcomes and life satisfaction post-severe TBI over time. The purpose of this study was to characterize distinct patterns of change in depressive symptoms, anxiety, and life satisfaction over 24 months after severe TBI and evaluate the interrelationship of different trajectory groups among them as well as associated subject characteristics...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194268/filipino-women-s-diet-and-health-study-filwhel-design-and-methods
#17
Grace P Abris, Sangmo Hong, Sherlyn Mae P Provido, Jung Eun Lee, Chang Beom Lee
BACKGROUND: Immigration to South Korea from neighboring Asian countries has risen dramatically, primarily due to marriage between Korean men and foreign women. Although Filipino women rank fourth among married immigrant women, little is known about the health condition of this population. This manuscript focuses on the design and methods of Filipino women's diet and health study (FiLWHEL). SUBJECTS/METHODS: FiLWHEL is a cohort of Filipino women married to Korean men, aged 19 years old or over...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194193/investigating-the-relationship-between-watching-satellite-channels-and-intimacy-and-marital-satisfaction-of-couples-in-isfahan-iran-in-2014
#18
Zohre Babaie, Mahrokh Keshvari, Ahmadreza Zamani
BACKGROUND: In the age of communication and media that families are rapidly driven towards using satellite channels and other media, considering family health in this regard is essential. A determinant of health is marital satisfaction. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between watching satellite channels and intimacy and marital satisfaction in Isfahan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional and correlational study was conducted on one group of 480 couples (n = 960) participating from 8 health-treatment centers in Isfahan...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191326/consanguinity-among-parents-of-iranian-deaf-children
#19
Mohammad Ajallouyan, Shokofeh Radfar, Sima Nouhi, Seid Abbas Tavallaie, Susan Amirsalari, Jaleh Yousefi, Mahdieh Hasanali Fard
BACKGROUND: It seems that there is a relationship between consanguinity and profound hearing loss but there is little data about the association of consanguinity and hearing loss in Iran. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the causes of profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss among Iranian samples who are candidates for cochlear implantation. METHODS: This study was retrospective, analytical, and designed to collect information about profound hearing impaired cases referred to the Baqiyatallah Cochlear implantation center using enumeration...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190955/multi-level-correlates-of-safer-conception-methods-awareness-and-attitudes-among-ugandan-hiv-clients-with-fertility-intentions
#20
Glenn J Wagner, Mahlet A Woldetsadik, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Kathy Goggin, Deborah Mindry, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Sarah Khanakwa, Rhoda K Wanyenze
Many people living with HIV desire childbearing, but low cost safer conception methods (SCM) such as timed unprotected intercourse (TUI) and manual self-insemination (MSI) are rarely used. We examined awareness and attitudes towards SCM, and the correlates of these constructs among 400 HIV clients with fertility intentions in Uganda. Measures included awareness, self-efficacy, and motivation regarding SCM, as well as demographics, health management, partner and provider characteristics. Just over half knew that MSI (53%) and TUI (51%) reduced transmission risk during conception, and 15% knew of sperm washing and pre-exposure prophylaxis...
March 2016: African Journal of Reproductive Health
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