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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108929/jaboya-sex-for-fish-a-qualitative-analysis-of-contextual-risk-factors-for-extramarital-partnerships-in-the-fishing-communities-in-western-kenya
#1
Zachary A Kwena, Chris A Shisanya, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Janet M Turan, Shari L Dworkin, Grace A Rota, Isaac J Mwanzo
Extramarital partnerships exacerbate high HIV prevalence rates in many communities in sub-Saharan Africa. We explored contextual risk factors and suggested interventions to reduce extramarital partnerships among couples in the fishing communities on Lake Victoria, Kenya. We conducted 12 focus group discussions with 9-10 participants each (N = 118) and 16 in-depth interviews (N = 16) with fishermen and their spouses. Couples who participated were consented and separated for simultaneous gender-matched discussions/interviews...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105675/rambo-a-boyd-t-v-marquez-m-g-2016-the-marriage-and-family-therapy-career-guide-doing-well-while-doing-good-new-york-ny-routledge-139%C3%A2-pp-35-95
#2
REVIEW
James R Huber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103891/a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-barriers-to-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-gogrial-west-south-sudan
#3
Lynn Lawry, Covadonga Canteli, Tahina Rabenzanahary, Wartini Pramana
BACKGROUND: Health conditions for mothers, newborns, and children in South Sudan are among the worst worldwide. South Sudan has the highest rate of maternal mortality in the world and despite alarming statistics, few women and children in South Sudan have access to needed healthcare, especially in rural areas. The purpose of this study was to understand the barriers to maternal, newborn and child health in Gogrial West, Warrap State, South Sudan, one of the most underdeveloped states...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103713/divorce-and-the-onset-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-swedish-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-study
#4
Kenneth S Kendler, Sara Larsson Lönn, Jessica Salvatore, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the magnitude and nature of the relationship between divorce and risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHOD: In a population-based Swedish sample of married individuals (N=942,366), the authors examined the association between divorce or widowhood and risk for first registration for AUD. AUD was assessed using medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: Divorce was strongly associated with risk for first AUD onset in both men (hazard ratio=5...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102939/what-is-the-relationship-between-increased-access-to-haart-relationship-status-and-fertility-decisions-amongst-hiv-positive-women-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Abigail Burgess, Edward Purssell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between fertility decisions, to have already had a child or to desire to have one in the future, and the prognostic factors of; access to antiretrovirals, the time since these became widely available (year of the study) and relationship status. BACKGROUND: There have been significant advances in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) with the advent of antiretroviral therapy which has been used to successfully reduce the rate of mother to child transmission; leading researchers to hypothesise that HIV positive women may desire to have children more so now than in the past...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099692/a-hospital-based-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#6
Sandhya Jain, Khushboo Varshney, Neelam B Vaid, Kiran Guleria, Keya Vaid, Neha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, factors linked with IPV, and effects of IPV on maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India, 400 women at 20-28 weeks of pregnancy were screened for IPV between December 2013 and April 2015. The women completed a detailed questionnaire and were followed up until delivery. RESULTS: Overall, 49 (12...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099045/factors-associated-with-extended-breastfeeding-in-india
#7
Arpit R Mehta, Sigamani Panneer, Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Elizabeth F Racine
BACKGROUND: Extended breastfeeding duration is common in India. Extended breastfeeding protects the infant from infectious disease and promotes child spacing. In the 1990s, the median breastfeeding duration in India was 24 months. Research aim: This study aimed to investigate the median duration of breastfeeding in India and to identify the factors associated with extended breastfeeding to 24 months as recommended by the World Health Organization. METHODS: This cross-sectional data analysis used nationally representative data from the 2011-2012 Indian Human Development Survey II...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097181/social-well-being-and-related-factors-in-students-of-school-of-nursing-and-midwifery
#8
Alireza Salehi, Maryam Marzban, Maryam Sourosh, Farkhondeh Sharif, Mahmoud Nejabat, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization viewpoint, social well-being is an important dimension of health along with physical and mental aspects. Evaluation of social well-being is necessary in students, especially in medical sciences students due to future responsibility as health care professionals. The present study attempted to investigate the level of social well-being, five domains of it (like actualization, integration, contribution), and some related factors in the school of nursing and midwifery students...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096637/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-indian-fertile-females
#9
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi Nanda, Bhumika Vyas, Rohina Aggarwal, Sumesh Choudhary, Suwa Ram Saini
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is described as difficulty experienced by a female during any stage of a normal sexual activity including physical pleasure, desire, arousal, or orgasm. There are various factors responsible for FSD including psychological status of a person, gynecological or medical problems, long use of certain drugs, and social beliefs. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and various factors associated with FSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design - This study design was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at Tertiary Care Centre, in Ahmedabad from June 2015 to March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095932/the-role-of-marriage-in-criminal-recidivism-a-longitudinal-and-co-relative-analysis
#10
K S Kendler, S L Lönn, J Sundquist, K Sundquist
AIMS: Marriage is associated with a reduced rate of criminal recidivism, but the underlying mechanisms have only partly been elucidated. We seek to clarify the nature of the association between marriage and recidivism and how that relationship may be moderated as a function of gender, deviance of spouse, a history of violence and familial risk. METHOD: We utilise a longitudinal cohort design consisting of Swedish men (n = 239 328) and women (n = 72 280), born between 1958 and 1986, who were convicted of at least one crime before age 20 and were not married prior to age 20...
January 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095432/exploring-maternal-health-care-seeking-behavior-of-married-adolescent-girls-in-bangladesh-a-social-ecological-approach
#11
Asm Shahabuddin, Christiana Nöstlinger, Thérèse Delvaux, Malabika Sarker, Alexandre Delamou, Azucena Bardají, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The huge proportion of child marriage contributes to high rates of pregnancies among adolescent girls in Bangladesh. Despite substantial progress in reducing maternal mortality in the last two decades, the rate of adolescent pregnancy remains high. The use of skilled maternal health services is still low in Bangladesh. Several quantitative studies described the use of skilled maternal health services among adolescent girls. So far, very little qualitative evidence exists about attitudes and practices related to maternal health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088344/design-control-considerations-for-biologic-device-combination-products
#12
Dave Anderson, Roger Liu, J Anand Subramony, Jon Cammack
Combination products are therapeutic and diagnostic medical products that combine drugs, devices, and/or biological products with one another. Historically, biologics development involved identifying efficacious doses administered to patients intravenously or perhaps by a syringe. Until fairly recently, there has been limited focus on developing an accompanying medical device, such as a prefilled syringe or auto-injector, to enable easy and more efficient delivery. For the last several years, and looking forward, where there may be little to distinguish biologics medicines with relatively similar efficacy profiles, the biotechnology market is beginning to differentiate products by patient-focused, biologic-device based combination products...
January 11, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087795/who-says-i-do-the-changing-context-of-marriage-and-health-and-quality-of-life-for-lgbt-older-adults
#13
Jayn Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Anna Muraco, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Until recently, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults were excluded from full participation in civil marriage. The purpose of this study is to examine how legal marriage and relationship status are associated with health-promoting and at-risk factors, health, and quality of life of LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) participants who resided in states with legalized same-sex marriage in 2014 (N = 1,821)...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087792/the-unfolding-of-lgbt-lives-key-events-associated-with-health-and-well-being-in-later-life
#14
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Sarah Jen, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Anna Muraco
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Life events are associated with the health and well-being of older adults. Using the Health Equity Promotion Model, this article explores historical and environmental context as it frames life experiences and adaptation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was the largest study to date of LGBT older adults to identify life events related to identity development, work, and kin relationships and their associations with health and quality of life (QOL)...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080080/the-role-of-emotional-capital-during-the-early-years-of-marriage-why-everyday-moments-matter
#15
Courtney M Walsh, Lisa A Neff, Marci E J Gleason
Throughout a marriage couples will share countless ordinary moments together that may seem trivial, but which actually have potential to affirm and strengthen relational bonds. According to theories of emotional capital, the accumulation of shared positive moments in a relationship should serve as an essential resource for protecting the relationship against threats. To date, however, few empirical studies have explored the role emotional capital may play in shaping responses to negative relationship experiences...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078621/is-stepfamily-status-associated-with-cohabiting-and-married-women-s-fertility-behaviors
#16
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Children from prior relationships potentially complicate fertility decision-making in new cohabitations and marriages. On the one hand, the "value of children" perspective suggests that unions with and without stepchildren have similar-and deliberate-reasons for shared childbearing. On the other hand, multipartnered fertility (MPF) research suggests that childbearing across partnerships is often unintended. Using the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth and event-history models, I examine the role of stepfamily status on cohabiting and married women's fertility and birth intendedness, with attention to union type and stepfamily configuration...
January 11, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075316/a-portrait-of-compassion
#17
Jane Everitt
The film Ethel & Ernest - an animation based on the Raymond Briggs book about the lives of his parents, from marriage to death - should be compulsory viewing for all involved in health care.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072926/relationship-between-marital-transitions-health-behaviors-and-health-indicators-of-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#18
Randa M Kutob, Nicole P Yuan, Betsy C Wertheim, David A Sbarra, Eric B Loucks, Rami Nassir, Gihan Bareh, Mimi M Kim, Linda G Snetselaar, Cynthia A Thomson
BACKGROUND: Historically, marital status has been associated with lower mortality and transitions into marriage were generally accompanied by improved health status. Conversely, divorce has been associated with increased mortality, possibly mediated by changes in health behaviors. METHODS: This study uses data from a prospective cohort of 79,094 postmenopausal women participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS) to examine the relationship between marital transition and health indicators (blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]) as well as health behaviors (diet pattern, alcohol use, physical activity, and smoking) in a sample of relatively healthy and employed women...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070220/measuring-the-effects-of-socioeconomic-factors-on-mental-health-among-migrants-in-urban-china-a-multiple-indicators-multiple-causes-model
#19
Ming Guan
OBJECTIVES: Since 1978, rural-urban migrants mainly contribute Chinese urbanization. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of socioeconomic factors on mental health of them. Their mental health was measured by 12-item general health questionnaire (GHQ-12). METHODS: The study sample comprised 5925 migrants obtained from the 2009 rural-to-urban migrants survey (RUMiC). The relationships among the instruments were assessed by the correlation analysis...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068116/the-crowded-life-is-a-slow-life-population-density-and-life-history-strategy
#20
Oliver Sng, Steven L Neuberg, Michael E W Varnum, Douglas T Kenrick
The world population has doubled over the last half century. Yet, research on the psychological effects of human population density, once a popular topic, has decreased over the past few decades. Applying a fresh perspective to an old topic, we draw upon life history theory to examine the effects of population density. Across nations and across the U.S. states (Studies 1 and 2), we find that dense populations exhibit behaviors corresponding to a slower life history strategy, including greater future-orientation, greater investment in education, more long-term mating orientation, later marriage age, lower fertility, and greater parental investment...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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