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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352813/age-at-menarche-and-sexual-debut-among-young-filipino-women
#1
Nai-Peng Tey, Siow-Li Lai, Sor-Tho Ng
There has been a secular decline in age at menarche since the 19th century. Early-maturing women are more likely to have their sexual debut at a younger age, which in turn gives rise to a host of reproductive health and social problems. This study used data from five waves of National Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in the Philippines between 1993 and 2013 to examine the trends and socioeconomic differentials in age at menarche and sexual debut. The changing trend in age at menarche and sexual debut was examined across birth cohorts, and logistic regressions were used to identify the determinants of early sexual debut...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350436/age-difference-between-parents-influences-parity-and-number-of-sons
#2
Berenika Kuna, Andrzej Galbarczyk, Magdalena Klimek, Ilona Nenko, Grazyna Jasienska
OBJECTIVES: Among couples, women usually prefer slightly older men, and men tend to choose much younger partners. Age difference between partners has been shown to influence their parity; however, results of previous studies are inconsistent. This study analyzed relationships between husband and wife age difference and their total number of children, and number of daughters and sons in a contemporary, rural Polish population. METHODS: Demographic and reproductive data were collected from 384 postmenopausal women from rural Poland who were married only once...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347869/social-support-networks-and-quality-of-life-of-rural-men-in-a-context-of-marriage-squeeze-in-china
#3
Sasa Wang, Xueyan Yang, Isabelle Attané
A significant number of rural Chinese men are facing difficulties in finding a spouse and may fail to ever marry due to a relative scarcity of women in the adult population. Research has indicated that marriage squeeze is a stressful event which is harmful to men's quality of life, and also weakens their social support networks. Using data collected in rural Chaohu city, Anhui, China, this study explores the effects of social support networks on quality of life of rural men who experience a marriage squeeze...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345212/prioritising-action-to-accelerate-gender-equity-and-health-for-women-and-girls-microdata-analysis-of-47-countries
#4
Rachel Kidman, Jody Heymann
The Sustainable Development Goals set ambitious targets for health. Meeting such will require drastic improvements in the social conditions for women and girls. Understanding which social conditions have the greatest impact on health can help prioritise action, yet there is little comparative data. We use microdata from 338,580 women in 47 low- and middle-income countries to estimate the relative contributions of improved social determinants in bringing about maternal and child health gains over the past 20 years...
January 18, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343125/the-changing-pattern-and-determinants-of-declining-consanguinity-in-jordan-during-1990-2012
#5
M Mazharul Islam
BACKGROUND: Consanguinity is a deep rooted cultural trait in Jordan. AIM: To examine the patterns and determinants of declining rates of consanguineous marriage in Jordan during 1990 to 2012 in the context of the changing pattern of socio-economic and demographic conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data come from the 1990 and 2012 Jordan Population and Family Health Surveys (JPFHSs). A total of 6,461 women in 1990 and 11,352 women in 2012 were successfully interviewed...
January 17, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342115/investigating-the-associations-between-ethnic-networks-community-social-capital-and-physical-health-among-marriage-migrants-in-korea
#6
Harris Hyun-Soo Kim
This study examines factors associated with the physical health of Korea's growing immigrant population. Specifically, it focuses on the associations between ethnic networks, community social capital, and self-rated health (SRH) among female marriage migrants. For empirical testing, secondary analysis of a large nationally representative sample (NSMF 2009) is conducted. Given the clustered data structure (individuals nested in communities), a series of two-level random intercepts and slopes models are fitted to probe the relationships between SRH and interpersonal (bonding and bridging) networks among foreign-born wives in Korea...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340904/turkish-women-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-wet-nursing-milk-sharing-and-human-milk-banking
#7
Ahmet Ergin, S Utku Uzun
Purpose The aim of this study was to determine Turkish women's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors on wet-nursing, milk sharing, and human milk banking in a primary care setting located in a semi-rural area. Description Donated human milk is a feasible option for feeding infants and children. Currently, there is a debate on the topic starts with the preparations to launch a human milk bank in a large city in Turkey. Several previous papers reported women's opinions in large hospital based studies. Little is known about women's views and practice on donated human milk in the rural areas of Turkey...
January 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340901/mental-health-related-quality-of-life-and-the-timing-of-motherhood-a-16-year-longitudinal-study-of-a-national-cohort-of-young-australian-women
#8
Libby Holden, Richard Hockey, Robert S Ware, Christina Lee
PURPOSE: We examine timing of motherhood in a longitudinal cohort of young Australian women, and its relationship with mental health-related quality of life (SF-36 MHI-5), and with sociodemographic, health behaviour and health-related variables. METHODS: We analysed longitudinal self-report data from a nationally representative cohort of 10,332 Australian women born 1973-1978, surveyed 6 times between 1996 (aged 18-23) and 2012 (aged 34-39). RESULTS: Group-based trajectory modelling identified four groups...
January 16, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337436/integrating-tempo-or-its-analogues-with-visible-light-photocatalysis
#9
Xianjun Lang, Jincai Zhao
Visible light has risen to be a very important facilitator for selective radical reactions enabled by well-cognized photocatalysts. The renaissance of visible light photocatalysis on this matter partly relies on integrating it with other area of catalysis. In parallel, TEMPO, a quintessential persistent radical, has a wide range of uses due to its exceptional redox behavior, giving rise to its latest prominence in catalysis. Therefore, integrating the catalysis of TEMPO with photocatalysis to carry out visible light-induced selective reactions becomes very convenient marriage of merits...
January 16, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335810/sexual-and-reproductive-health-education-needs-gender-roles-attitudes-and-acceptance-of-couple-violence-according-to-engaged-men-and-women
#10
Fusun Terzioglu, Gulsah Kok, Gulten Guvenc, Funda Ozdemir, Ilknur Munevver Gonenc, Basak Demirtas Hicyilmaz, Neslihan Yılmaz Sezer
This descriptive study was aimed to evaluate the attitudes of the engaged men and women who are of legal age to marry towards gender roles and acceptance of couple violence, and determine their sexual/reproductive health education needs. It was conducted in two marriage registry offices in Ankara, Turkey. The study sample consisted of 740 participants. Data were collected by using semi-structured form, Gender Roles Attitude Scale and Acceptance of Couple Violence Scale. It was found that the engaged couples had educational needs concerning sexual/reproductive health; socio-demographic characteristics such as gender, age, education, residence, and income level created significant differences in the attitudes related to accepting gender roles and violence; and having an egalitarian attitude towards gender roles decreased the rate of accepting violence between the couples...
January 15, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335657/changing-gender-norms-and-marriage-dynamics-in-the-united-states
#11
Léa Pessin
Using a regional measure of gender norms from the General Social Surveys together with marital histories from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, this study explored how gender norms were associated with women's marriage dynamics between 1968 and 2012. Results suggested that a higher prevalence of egalitarian gender norms predicted a decline in marriage formation. This decline was, however, only true for women without a college degree. For college-educated women, the association between gender norms and marriage formation became positive when gender egalitarianism prevailed...
February 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335644/runs-of-homozygosity-windows-into-population-history-and-trait-architecture
#12
REVIEW
Francisco C Ceballos, Peter K Joshi, David W Clark, Michèle Ramsay, James F Wilson
Long runs of homozygosity (ROH) arise when identical haplotypes are inherited from each parent and thus a long tract of genotypes is homozygous. Cousin marriage or inbreeding gives rise to such autozygosity; however, genome-wide data reveal that ROH are universally common in human genomes even among outbred individuals. The number and length of ROH reflect individual demographic history, while the homozygosity burden can be used to investigate the genetic architecture of complex disease. We discuss how to identify ROH in genome-wide microarray and sequence data, their distribution in human populations and their application to the understanding of inbreeding depression and disease risk...
January 15, 2018: Nature Reviews. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333903/the-first-report-of-relative-incidence-of-inherited-white-matter-disorders-in-an-asian-country-based-on-an-iranian-bioregistry-system
#13
Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Zahra Rezaei, Morteza Heidari, Sedigheh Nikbakht, Reza Azizi Malamiri, Mahmoud Mohammady, Gholam Reza Zamani, Reza Shervin Badv, Parastoo Rostami, Mojtaba Movahedinia, Mostafa Qorbani, Man Amanat, Ali Reza Tavasoli
Childhood leukodystrophies are a fast-growing field of pediatric neurology practice. Epidemiologic studies on the incidence of these disorders in children show different results. This is the first report of childhood leukodystrophies incidence from Iran. The enrolled patients were recruited from the neurometabolic bioregistry system that was organized in 2010 in the Children's Medical Center, Tehran, Iran. Herein is reported the incidence rate of leukodystrophies in those patients who were residents of 2 big popular provinces near Iran's capital city Tehran, with an average child population of 2 988 800 children...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332527/domestic-violence-counseling-in-rural-northern-china-gender-social-harmony-and-human-rights
#14
Lijia Xie, Stephen L Eyre, Judith Barker
Domestic violence (DV) affects over a third of Chinese women in a relationship. Focusing on ethnographic data from six staff members and six DV survivors at a rural, state-affiliated women's center in China in 2010, this article relies on Henrietta Moore's notion of the poststructuralist gendered subject to examine how the staff draw on discourses about gender and social harmony in persuading women to stay in their marriages, rather than on human rights discourses that emphasize survivor safety. It shows that DV survivors are frequently sent back to dangerous homes where their health is placed at risk...
April 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332516/drivers-of-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-in-three-refugee-camps
#15
Karin Wachter, Rebecca Horn, Elsa Friis, Kathryn Falb, Leora Ward, Christine Apio, Sophia Wanjiku, Eve Puffer
This qualitative study examined the "drivers" of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in displacement to identify protective factors and patterns of risk. Qualitative data were collected in three refugee camps in South Sudan, Kenya, and Iraq ( N = 284). Findings revealed interrelated factors that triggered and perpetuated IPV: gendered social norms and roles, destabilization of gender norms and roles, men's substance use, women's separation from family, and rapid remarriages and forced marriages. These factors paint a picture of individual, family, community and societal processes that exacerbate women's risk of IPV in extreme conditions created by displacement...
February 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332501/-plates-and-dishes-smash-married-couples-clash-cultural-and-social-barriers-to-help-seeking-among-women-domestic-violence-survivors-in-kyrgyzstan
#16
Saltanat Childress
This article develops a grounded theory of help-seeking to investigate the social and cultural determinants of help-seeking among Kyrgyz women who have experienced domestic violence. Results indicate that cultural traditions and social norms-most notably the social construction of marriage, the shame associated with divorce, and the status of daughters-in-law in Kyrgyz society-are used to justify domestic violence and prevent victims from seeking help. The proposed theory and results suggest that scholars, policymakers, and front-line contacts must emphasize dispelling myths, misconceptions, and traditional beliefs about gender and marriage to break the abusive dynamics and provide professional help...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326409/-life-experiences-of-uninfected-women-living-with-hiv-infected-husbands-a-phenomenological-study
#17
Myoung Hee Seo, Seok Hee Jeong
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand the meaning and essence of the life experiences of uninfected women living with HIV-infected husbands. METHODS: This qualitative study adopted van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological method. Study participants were 8 females whose husband had been diagnosed with HIV for longer than 6 months, who had known about their husband's infection for more than 6 months, who were in a legal or common-law marriage and were living with their husbands at the time of interview for this study, and whose HIV antibody test results were negative...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325536/autonomy-and-couples-joint-decision-making-in-healthcare
#18
Pauline E Osamor, Christine Grady
BACKGROUND: Respect for autonomy is a key principle in bioethics. However, respecting autonomy in practice is complex because most people define themselves and make decisions influenced by a complex network of social relationships. The extent to which individual autonomy operates for each partner within the context of decision-making within marital or similar relationships is largely unexplored. This paper explores issues related to decision-making by couples (couples' joint decision-making) for health care and the circumstances under which such a practice should be respected as compatible with autonomous decision-making...
January 11, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325530/knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-and-hpv-vaccine-in-bangladeshi-women-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jessica Yasmine Islam, Fatema Khatun, Anadil Alam, Farhana Sultana, Afsana Bhuiyan, Nazmul Alam, Laura Reichenbach, Lena Marions, Mustafizur Rahman, Quamrun Nahar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge of cervical cancer among Bangladeshi women and to assess their willingness to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted from July to December 2011 in one urban and one rural area of Bangladesh. A total of 2037 ever-married women, aged 14 to 64 years, were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge of cervical cancer were collected...
January 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324087/spousal-age-differences-and-violence-against-women-in-nigeria-and-tanzania
#20
Chibuogwu Izugbara
Much research has been conducted on the extent of violence against women (VAW) and the underlying risk factors associated with VAW. Unfortunately, research into the implications of spousal age-related factors for VAW remains underexplored. This study explored the implications of spousal age gaps for VAW in Tanzania and Nigeria. Data from the 2008 Nigeria (n = 33,385) and 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) (n = 10,139) for women aged 15-49 years were used. We used univariate and multivariate statistical analyses to assess the relationship between VAW and spousal age-related contextual factors...
January 11, 2018: Health Care for Women International
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