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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629377/quantitative-phosphoproteome-on-the-silkworm-bombyx-mori-cells-infected-with-baculovirus
#1
Jauharotus Shobahah, Shengjie Xue, Dongbing Hu, Cui Zhao, Ming Wei, Yanping Quan, Wei Yu
BACKGROUND: Bombyx mori has become an important model organism for many fundamental studies. Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is a significant pathogen to Bombyx mori, yet also an efficient vector for recombinant protein production. A previous study indicated that acetylation plays many vital roles in several cellular processes of Bombyx mori while global phosphorylation pattern upon BmNPV infection remains elusive. METHOD: Employing tandem mass tag (TMT) labeling and phosphorylation affinity enrichment followed by high-resolution LC-MS/MS analysis and intensive bioinformatics analysis, the quantitative phosphoproteome in Bombyx mori cells infected by BmNPV at 24 hpi with an MOI of 10 was extensively examined...
June 19, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626867/kind-of-blue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-music-interventions-in-cancer-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Margrethe Langer Bro, Kira Vibe Jespersen, Julie Bolvig Hansen, Peter Vuust, Niels Abildgaard, Jeppe Gram, Christoffer Johansen
OBJECTIVES: Music may be a valuable and low-cost coping strategy for cancer patients. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify the psychological and physical effects of music interventions in cancer treatment. METHODS: We included randomized, controlled trials with adult patients in active cancer treatment exposed to different music interventions versus control conditions. Qualitative studies and systematic reviews were excluded. We identified a total of 2624 records through two systematic searches (June 2015, September 2016) in PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Cinahl, Web of Science, Cochrane and PsycINFO and used Risk of Bias Assessment, GRADE and Checklist for Reporting Music-Based Interventions to evaluate the music applied and quality of the studies...
June 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596261/kidney-cancer-version-2-2017-nccn-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-oncology
#3
Robert J Motzer, Eric Jonasch, Neeraj Agarwal, Sam Bhayani, William P Bro, Sam S Chang, Toni K Choueiri, Brian A Costello, Ithaar H Derweesh, Mayer Fishman, Thomas H Gallagher, John L Gore, Steven L Hancock, Michael R Harrison, Won Kim, Christos Kyriakopoulos, Chad LaGrange, Elaine T Lam, Clayton Lau, M Dror Michaelson, Thomas Olencki, Phillip M Pierorazio, Elizabeth R Plimack, Bruce G Redman, Brian Shuch, Brad Somer, Guru Sonpavde, Jeffrey Sosman, Mary Dwyer, Rashmi Kumar
The NCCN Guidelines for Kidney Cancer provide multidisciplinary recommendations for the clinical management of patients with clear cell and non-clear cell renal carcinoma. These guidelines are developed by a multidisciplinary panel of leading experts from NCCN Member Institutions consisting of medical oncologists, hematologists and hematologic oncologists, radiation oncologists, urologists, and pathologists. The NCCN Guidelines are in continuous evolution and are updated annually or sometimes more often, if new high-quality clinical data become available in the interim...
June 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581558/effects-of-halogens-on-european-air-quality
#4
T Sherwen, M J Evans, R Sommariva, L D J Hollis, S M Ball, P S Monks, C Reed, L J Carpenter, J D Lee, G Forster, B Bandy, C E Reeves, W J Bloss
Halogens (Cl, Br) have a profound influence on stratospheric ozone (O3). They (Cl, Br and I) have recently also been shown to impact the troposphere, notably by reducing the mixing ratios of O3 and OH. Their potential for impacting regional air-quality is less well understood. We explore the impact of halogens on regional pollutants (focussing on O3) with the European grid of the GEOS-Chem model (0.25° × 0.3125°). It has recently been updated to include a representation of halogen chemistry. We focus on the summer of 2015 during the ICOZA campaign at the Weybourne Atmospheric Observatory on the North Sea coast of the UK...
June 5, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570902/bromate-formation-from-the-oxidation-of-bromide-in-the-uv-chlorine-process-with-low-pressure-and-medium-pressure-uv-lamps
#5
Jingyun Fang, Quan Zhao, Chihhao Fan, Chii Shang, Yun Fu, Xiangru Zhang
When a bromide-containing water is treated by the ultraviolet (UV)/chlorine process, hydroxyl radicals (HO) and halogen radicals such as Cl or Br are formed due to the UV photolysis of free halogens. These reactive species may induce the formation of bromate, which is a probable human carcinogen. Bromate formation in the UV/chlorine process using low pressure (LP) and medium pressure (MP) lamps in the presence of bromide was investigated in the present study. The UV/chlorine process significantly enhanced bromate formation as compared to dark chlorination...
May 24, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560871/forecasting-chronic-diseases-using-data-fusion
#6
Evrim Acar, Gözde Gürdeniz, Francesco Savorani, Louise Hansen, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Lars Ove Dragsted, Rasmus Bro
Data fusion, that is, extracting information through the fusion of complementary data sets, is a topic of great interest in metabolomics because analytical platforms such as liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy commonly used for chemical profiling of biofluids provide complementary information. In this study, with a goal of forecasting acute coronary syndrome (ACS), breast cancer, and colon cancer, we jointly analyzed LC-MS, NMR measurements of plasma samples, and the metadata corresponding to the lifestyle of participants...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499599/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-data-processing-made-easy
#7
Lea G Johnsen, Peter B Skou, Bekzod Khakimov, Rasmus Bro
Evaluation of GC-MS data may be challenging due to the high complexity of data including overlapped, embedded, retention time shifted and low S/N ratio peaks. In this work, we demonstrate a new approach, PARAFAC2 based Deconvolution and Identification System (PARADISe), for processing raw GC-MS data. PARADISe is a computer platform independent freely available software incorporating a number of newly developed algorithms in a coherent framework. It offers a solution for analysts dealing with complex chromatographic data...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466057/whole-genome-sequence-and-comparative-genomic-sequence-analysis-of-helicoverpa-armigera-nucleopolyhedrovirus-hearnpv-l1-isolated-from-india
#8
Ashika T Raghavendra, Sushil K Jalali, Rakshit Ojha, Timalapur M Shivalingaswamy, Raj Bhatnagar
The whole genome of Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus (HearNPV) from India, HearNPV-L1, was sequenced and analyzed, with a view to look for genes and/or nucleotide sequences that might be involved in the differences and virulence among other HearNPVs sequenced from other countries like SP1A (Spain), NNg1 (Kenya) and G4 (China). The entire nucleotide sequence of the HearNPV-L1 genome was 136,740 bp in length having GC content of 39.19% and contained 113 ORFs that could encode polypeptides with more than 50 amino acids (GenBank accession number KT013224)...
March 2017: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449840/collectively-operated-fellow-initiated-research-as-a-novel-teaching-model-to-bolster-interest-and-increase-proficiency-in-academic-research
#9
Guillaume Marquis-Gravel, Robert Avram, Maxime Tremblay-Gravel, Olivier Desplantie, Hung Q Ly, Anique Ducharme, E Marc Jolicoeur
Research is a core aspect of training in academic medicine, but fellows face many challenges thwarting their ability to perform clinically meaningful projects. The concept of a multicentre clinical trial collectively operated by fellows, and integrated longitudinally into training, has never been described. In this article, the authors expose the key principles of Collectively Operated Fellow-Initiated Research (COFIR) that they put in place. The aim of COFIR is to introduce a cohort of fellows to the career of clinician-scientists by conducting a longitudinal research project integrated into the curriculum of their clinical fellowship at a level they would not have access to as single individuals...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392286/a-comparison-of-the-adaptations-of-strains-of-lymantria-dispar-multiple-nucleopolyhedrovirus-to-hosts-from-spatially-isolated-populations
#10
V V Martemyanov, J D Podgwaite, I A Belousova, S V Pavlushin, J M Slavicek, O A Baturina, M R Kabilov, A V Ilyinykh
The adaptation of pathogens to either their hosts or to environmental conditions is the focus of many current ecological studies. In this work we compared the ability of six spatially-distant Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth) multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (LdMNPV) strains (three from eastern North America and three from central Asia) to induce acute infection in gypsy moth larvae. We also sequenced the complete genome of one Asian (LdMNPV-27/0) and one North American (LdMNPV-45/0) strain which were used for bioassay...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365116/differential-somatic-cell-count-a-novel-method-for-routine-mastitis-screening-in-the-frame-of-dairy-herd-improvement-testing-programs
#11
Malin Damm, Claus Holm, Mette Blaabjerg, Morten Novak Bro, Daniel Schwarz
Somatic cell count (SCC) is used as key indicator in mastitis screening programs typically applied in the frame of Dairy Herd Improvement (DHI) testing programs. However, mastitis is still causing tremendous economic losses to the dairy industry. Hence, new biomarkers are needed that can be used for enhanced management of mastitis on dairy farms. Besides the determination of SCC, differentiation of cells has been described to be beneficial for a more definite description of the actual udder health status of dairy cows...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364490/sleep-disturbances-in-individuals-with-phelan-mcdermid-syndrome-correlation-with-caregivers-sleep-quality-and-daytime-functioning
#12
Della Bro, Ruth O'Hara, Michelle Primeau, Andrea Hanson-Kahn, Joachim Hallmayer, Jonathan A Bernstein
Study Objectives: The aims of this study were to document sleep disturbances in individuals with Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS), to assess whether these individuals had been evaluated for sleep disorders, and to examine relationships between the sleep behavior of these individuals and the sleep behavior and daytime functioning of their caregivers. Methods: Participants were 193 caregivers of individuals with PMS recruited by the Phelan-McDermid Syndrome Foundation...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327100/impact-of-a-continuing-medical-education-meeting-on-the-use-and-timing-of-urgent-cancer-referrals-among-general-practitioners-a-before-after-study
#13
Berit Skjødeberg Toftegaard, Flemming Bro, Alina Zalounina Falborg, Peter Vedsted
BACKGROUND: Detection of cancer in general practice is challenging because symptoms are diverse. Even so-called alarm symptoms have low positive predictive values of cancer. Nevertheless, appropriate referral is crucial. As 85% of cancer patients initiate their cancer diagnostic pathway in general practice, a Continuing Medical Education meeting (CME-M) in early cancer diagnosis was launched in Denmark in 2012. We aimed to investigate the effect of the CME-M on the primary care interval, patient contacts with general practice and use of urgent cancer referrals...
March 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288114/disruption-of-the-atxn1-cic-complex-causes-a-spectrum-of-neurobehavioral-phenotypes-in-mice-and-humans
#14
Hsiang-Chih Lu, Qiumin Tan, Maxime W C Rousseaux, Wei Wang, Ji-Yoen Kim, Ronald Richman, Ying-Wooi Wan, Szu-Ying Yeh, Jay M Patel, Xiuyun Liu, Tao Lin, Yoontae Lee, John D Fryer, Jing Han, Maria Chahrour, Richard H Finnell, Yunping Lei, Maria E Zurita-Jimenez, Priyanka Ahimaz, Kwame Anyane-Yeboa, Lionel Van Maldergem, Daphne Lehalle, Nolwenn Jean-Marcais, Anne-Laure Mosca-Boidron, Julien Thevenon, Margot A Cousin, Della E Bro, Brendan C Lanpher, Eric W Klee, Nora Alexander, Matthew N Bainbridge, Harry T Orr, Roy V Sillitoe, M Cecilia Ljungberg, Zhandong Liu, Christian P Schaaf, Huda Y Zoghbi
Gain-of-function mutations in some genes underlie neurodegenerative conditions, whereas loss-of-function mutations in the same genes have distinct phenotypes. This appears to be the case with the protein ataxin 1 (ATXN1), which forms a transcriptional repressor complex with capicua (CIC). Gain of function of the complex leads to neurodegeneration, but ATXN1-CIC is also essential for survival. We set out to understand the functions of the ATXN1-CIC complex in the developing forebrain and found that losing this complex results in hyperactivity, impaired learning and memory, and abnormal maturation and maintenance of upper-layer cortical neurons...
April 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271588/preloss-grief-in-family-caregivers-during-end-of-life-cancer-care-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Mette Kjaergaard Nielsen, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Anders Bonde Jensen, Peter Vedsted, Flemming Bro, Mai-Britt Guldin
OBJECTIVE: Severe grief symptoms in family caregivers during end-of-life cancer trajectories are associated with complicated grief and depression after the loss. Nevertheless, severe grief symptoms during end-of-life caregiving in caregivers to cancer patients have been scarcely studied. We aimed to explore associations between severe preloss grief symptoms in caregivers and modifiable factors such as depressive symptoms, caregiver burden, preparedness for death, and end-of-life communication...
March 7, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193288/accreditation-in-general-practice-in-denmark-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Merethe K Andersen, Line B Pedersen, Volkert Siersma, Flemming Bro, Susanne Reventlow, Jens Søndergaard, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard, Frans B Waldorff
BACKGROUND: Accreditation is used increasingly in health systems worldwide. However, there is a lack of evidence on the effects of accreditation, particularly in general practice. In 2016 a mandatory accreditation scheme was initiated in Denmark, and during a 3-year period all practices, as default, should undergo accreditation according to the Danish Healthcare Quality Program. The aim of this study is primarily to evaluate the effects of a mandatory accreditation scheme. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is conducted as a cluster-randomized controlled trial among 1252 practices (clusters) with 2211 general practitioners in Denmark...
February 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157059/danish-mmr-vaccination-coverage-is-considerably-higher-than-reported
#17
Nanna Holt, Anna Mygind, Flemming Bro
INTRODUCTION: The Danish childhood vaccination programme offers protection against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR). Nevertheless, many children appear to be unvaccinated according to the national registers. The aim of this study was to estimate the MMR1 vaccination coverage based on a medical record review of children whose vaccination status is negative according to the register-based data. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 19 randomly selected general practices in the Central Denmark Region including 1,712 children aged 18-42 months...
February 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125965/microbiological-point-of-care-testing-before-antibiotic-prescribing-in-primary-care-considerable-variations-between-practices
#18
Steffen Haldrup, Reimar W Thomsen, Flemming Bro, Robert Skov, Lars Bjerrum, Mette Søgaard
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care testing (POCT) in primary care may improve rational antibiotic prescribing. We examined use of POCT in Denmark, including patient- and general practitioner (GP)-related predictors. METHODS: We linked nationwide health care databases to assess POCT use (C-reactive protein (CRP), group A streptococcal (GAS) antigen swabs, bacteriological cultures, and urine test strips) per 1,000 overall GP consultations, 2004-2013. We computed odds ratios (OR) of POCT in patients prescribed antibiotics according to patient and GP age and sex, GP practice type, location, and workload...
January 26, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122273/competence-evaluation-processes-for-nursing-students-abroad-findings-from-an-international-case-study
#19
Cristina Tommasini, Beata Dobrowolska, Danuta Zarzycka, Claudia Bacatum, Anne Marie Gran Bruun, Dag Korsath, Siv Roel, Mette Bro Jansen, Tine Milling, Anne Deschamps, Stefanos Mantzoukas, Christine Mantzouka, Alvisa Palese
BACKGROUND: Assessing clinical competence in nursing students abroad is a challenge, and requires both methods and instruments capable of capturing the multidimensional nature of the clinical competences acquired. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the clinical competence assessment processes and instruments adopted for nursing students during their clinical placement abroad. DESIGN: A case study design was adopted in 2015. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A purposeful sample of eight nursing programmes located in seven countries (Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Norway, Poland, Portugal and Italy) were approached...
January 10, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099439/single-versus-serial-measurements-of-neuron-specific-enolase-and-prediction-of-poor-neurological-outcome-in-persistently-unconscious-patients-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-ttm-trial-substudy
#20
Sebastian Wiberg, Christian Hassager, Pascal Stammet, Matilde Winther-Jensen, Jakob Hartvig Thomsen, David Erlinge, Michael Wanscher, Niklas Nielsen, Tommaso Pellis, Anders Åneman, Hans Friberg, Jan Hovdenes, Janneke Horn, Jørn Wetterslev, John Bro-Jeppesen, Matthew P Wise, Michael Kuiper, Tobias Cronberg, Yvan Gasche, Yvan Devaux, Jesper Kjaergaard
BACKGROUND: Prediction of neurological outcome is a crucial part of post cardiac arrest care and prediction in patients remaining unconscious and/or sedated after rewarming from targeted temperature management (TTM) remains difficult. Current guidelines suggest the use of serial measurements of the biomarker neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in combination with other predictors of outcome in patients admitted after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). This study sought to investigate the ability of NSE to predict poor outcome in patients remaining unconscious at day three after OHCA...
2017: PloS One
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