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David M Warsinger, Emily W Tow, Laith A Maswadeh, Grace B Connors, Jaichander Swaminathan, John H Lienhard V
Enhanced fouling resistance has been observed in recent variants of reverse osmosis (RO) desalination which use time-varying batch or semi-batch processes, such as closed-circuit RO (CCRO) and pulse flow RO (PFRO). However, the mechanisms of batch processes' fouling resistance are not well-understood, and models have not been developed for prediction of their fouling performance. Here, a framework for predicting reverse osmosis fouling is developed by comparing the fluid residence time in batch and continuous (conventional) reverse osmosis systems to the nucleation induction times for crystallization of sparingly soluble salts...
February 5, 2018: Water Research
Ethiane R Santos, Lucas B de Oliveira, Lenen Peterson, Daniel R Sosa-Gómez, Bergmann Morais Ribeiro, Daniel M P Ardisson-Araújo
Baculoviruses are insect viruses largely used as expression vectors and biopesticides. These viruses can efficiently infect the larval stage of several agricultural pests worldwide causing a lethal disease. In this work, we found a novel baculovirus isolated from the larval stage of Urbanus proteus (L.), the bean leafroller and characterized its complete genome. This is an important pest of several leguminous plants in Brazil and belongs to the butterfly family Hesperiidae, from where no baculovirus genome sequence has been described...
March 20, 2018: Virus Research
Idrees Salam, Jakob Hartvig Thomsen, Jesper Kjaergaard, John Bro-Jeppesen, Martin Frydland, Matilde Winther-Jensen, Lars Køber, Michael Wanscher, Christian Hassager, Helle Søholm
OBJECTIVE: Comorbidity prior to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and primary rhythm in relation to survival is not well established. We aimed to assess the prognostic importance of comorbidity in relation to primary rhythm in OHCA-patients treated with Target Temperature Management (TTM). DESIGN: Consecutive comatose survivors of OHCA treated with TTM in hospitals in the Copenhagen area between 2002-2011 were included. Utstein-based pre- and in-hospital data collection was performed...
March 19, 2018: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Daniel M P Ardisson-Araújo, Ana Maria Rodrigues da Silva, Fernando L Melo, Ethiane Rozo Dos Santos, Daniel R Sosa-Gómez, Bergmann M Ribeiro
In this report, we described the genome of a novel baculovirus isolated from the monocot insect pest Mocis latipes , the striped grass looper. The genome has 134,272 bp in length with a G + C content of 38.3%. Based on the concatenated sequence of the 38 baculovirus core genes, we found that the virus is a betabaculovirus closely related to the noctuid-infecting betabaculoviruses including Pseudaletia unipuncta granulovirus (PsunGV), Trichoplusia ni granulovirus (TnGV), Helicoverpa armigera granulovirus (HearGV), and Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus (XecnGV)...
March 16, 2018: Viruses
Anette Bro Christensen, Jens Christian Hedemann Sørensen, Kåre Schmidt Ettrup, Dariusz Orlowski, Carsten Reidies Bjarkam
INTRODUCTION: The rotating 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) rat model has long been important when developing new treatment strategies for Parkinson's disease (PD). Similar non-human primate models have been developed for translational research purposes as large animal models are required by regulatory bodies as an intermediate "phase 0" trial step. However, experimental research in non-human primates encounters several economical and regulatory issues, which may be avoided by the alternative use of pigs as a large animal model for experimental brain research...
February 17, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
Pia Kirkegaard, Adrian Edwards, Trine Laura Overgaard Nielsen, Torben Falck Ørntoft, Karina Dalsgaard Sørensen, Michael Borre, Flemming Bro
BACKGROUND: Most health authorities do not recommend screening for prostate cancer with PSA tests in asymptomatic patients who are not at increased risk. However, opportunistic screening for prostate cancer is still wanted by many patients and it is widely used in primary care clinics, with potential for overdiagnosis and overtreatment. Better tools for risk assessment have been called for, to better target such opportunistic screening. Our aim was to explore perceptions about prostate cancer risk and subsequent opportunistic screening among patients who were not at increased risk of prostate cancer after a first PSA test plus a genetic lifetime risk assessment...
February 17, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Kirstine Bro Jørgensen, Merete Nordentoft, Carsten Hjorthøj
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder is highly prevalent in people with psychiatric disorders, and known to impede the psychiatric treatment. Some studies show increased rates of service use, while others show a decrease. These conflicting results are further hampered by a lack of large-scale studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between substance use disorder and psychiatric service use in psychiatric patients. METHODS: The study was a prospective registry-based cohort study including patients with severe mental illness...
February 12, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Paola Vacchina, Daniel A Lambruschi, Antonio D Uttaro
Lipoic acid (LA) is a cofactor of relevant enzymatic complexes including the glycine cleave system and 2-ketoacid dehydrogenases. Intervention on LA de novo synthesis or salvage could have pleiotropic deleterious effect in cells, making both pathways attractive for chemotherapy. We show that Trypanosoma cruzi was susceptible to treatment with LA analogues. 8-Bromo-octanic acid (BrO) inhibited the growth of epimastigote forms of both Dm28c and CL Brener strains, although only at high (chemotherapeutically irrelevant) concentrations...
February 1, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
Tomas Bro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: Läkartidningen
Gisela Lilja, Niklas Nielsen, John Bro-Jeppesen, Hannah Dunford, Hans Friberg, Caisa Hofgren, Janneke Horn, Angelo Insorsi, Jesper Kjaergaard, Fredrik Nilsson, Paolo Pelosi, Tineke Winters, Matt P Wise, Tobias Cronberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors' ability to participate in activities of everyday life and society, including return to work. The specific aim was to evaluate potential effects of cognitive impairment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-seven OHCA survivors included in the TTM trial (Target Temperature Management) and 119 matched control patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction participated in a follow-up 180 days post-event that included assessments of participation, return to work, emotional problems, and cognitive impairment...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Weirui Chen, Xukai Li, Yiming Tang, Jialu Zhou, Dan Wu, Yin Wu, Laisheng Li
A flexible catalyst, Fe-Cu-MCM-41, was employed to enhance diclofenac (DCF) mineralization and inhibit bromate formation in catalytic ozonation process. Greater TOC removal was achieved in Fe-Cu-MCM-41/O3 process (78%) than those in Fe-MCM-41/O3 (65%), Cu-MCM-41/O3 (73%) and sole ozonation (42%). But it was interesting that both Cu-MCM-41/O3 and Fe-MCM-41/O3 achieved 93% bromate inhibition efficiency, only 71% inhibition efficiency was observed in Fe-Cu-MCM-41/O3 . Influence of pH, TBA/NaHSO3 and detection of by-products were conducted to explore the mechanism...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
J Devillers, H Devillers, E Bro, F Millot
A suite of models is proposed for estimating the risk of pesticides against the grey partridge (Perdix perdix) and their clutches. Radio-tracked data of females, description and location of the clutches, and data on the pesticide treatments during the laying periods of the partridges were used as basic information. Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) and quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) modelling allowed us to characterize the pesticides by their 1-octanol/water partition coefficient (log P), vapour pressure, primary and ultimate biodegradation potential, acute toxicity (LD50 ) on P...
November 2017: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
Gitte Bro Schmidt, Martin Christensen, Ulla Breth Knudsen
Preeclamptic women have an increased risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life. The aim was to compare the latest clinical recommendations on post-preeclamptic prevention of hypertension and CVD published by eight National Associations of Gynecologists and Obstetricians. Definitions of preeclampsia differ internationally. Recommendations on when, how and who to screen to reduce post-preeclamptic CVD risk also show substantial variation. The diverging preeclampsia definitions make CVD prevention strategies difficult to compare...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
Zhengfeng Zhang, Jianping Li, Yanke Chen, Huayong Xie, Jun Yang
In this letter, we propose a robust heteronuclear dipolar recoupling method for proteins in magic-angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR. This method is as simple, robust and efficient as the well-known TEDOR in the aspect of magnetization transfer between15 N and13 C. Deriving from our recent band-selective dual back-to-back pulses (DBP) (Zhang et al., 2016), this method uses new phase-cycling schemes to realize broadband DBP (Bro-DBP). For broadband15 N-13 C magnetization transfer (simultaneous15 N→13 C' and15 N→13 Cα), Bro-DBP has almost the same15 N→13 Cα efficiency while offers 30-40% enhancement on15 N→13 C' transfer, compared to TEDOR...
December 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Mary Donnelly
THIS case commentary analyses the application of the best interests standard in section 4 of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 by the Court in the decision in Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Local Health Board v RY (by his litigation friend the official solicitor) and CP [2017] EWCOP 2. It evaluates the way in which the law impacted on how clinical decisions in respect of RY were made and identifies systemic concerns arising from the case.
November 7, 2017: Medical Law Review
M Shechner, E Tas
Reactive iodine and bromine species (RIS and RBS, respectively) are known for altering atmospheric chemistry and causing sharp tropospheric ozone (O3 ) depletion in polar regions and significant O3 reduction in the marine boundary layer (MBL). Here we use measurement-based modeling to show that, unexpectedly, both RIS and RBS can lead to enhanced O3 formation in a polluted marine environment under volatile organic compound (VOC)-limited conditions associated with high nitrogen oxide (NOX = [NO] + [NO2 ]) concentrations...
December 19, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Claudia Menzel, Andreas Bernkop-Schnürch
The use of mucus permeating drug carrier systems being able to overcome the mucus barrier can lead to a remarkable enhancement in bioavailability. One promising approach is the design of mucolytic enzyme decorated carrier systems (MECS). These systems include micro- and nanoparticles as well as self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) decorated with mucin cleaving enzymes such as papain (PAP) or bromelain (BRO). MECS are able to cross the mucus barrier in a comparatively efficient manner by cleaving mucus substructures in front of them on their way to the epithelium...
October 24, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Matilde Winther-Jensen, Christian Hassager, Jesper Kjaergaard, John Bro-Jeppesen, Jakob H Thomsen, Freddy K Lippert, Lars Køber, Michael Wanscher, Helle Søholm
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is more often reported in men than in women. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess sex-related differences in post-resuscitation care; especially with regards to coronary angiography, percutaneous coronary intervention, mortality and functional status after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: We included 704 consecutive adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest-patients with cardiac aetiology in the Copenhagen area from 2007-2011...
February 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Yuan Yin, Deheng Shi, Jinfeng Sun, Zunlue Zhu
This work investigates the spectroscopic parameters, vibrational levels, and transition probabilities of 12 low-lying states, which are generated from the first dissociation limit, Br(2 Pu ) + O- (2 Pu ), of the BrO- anion. The 12 states are X1 Σ+ , 21 Σ+ , 11 Σ- , 11 Π, 21 Π, 11 Δ, a3 Π, 13 Σ+ , 23 Σ+ , 13 Σ- , 23 Π, and 13 Δ. The potential energy curves are calculated with the complete active-space self-consistent field method, which is followed by the internally contracted multireference configuration interaction approach with Davidson modification...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Suresh Palle, Prasad Neerati
1. Quercetin is a dietary flavonoid has extremely low water solubility and found to possess CYP3A inhibitory activity. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of quercetin and quercetin nanoparticles (NQC) on the pharmacokinetics of bromocriptine (BRO) in rats. 2. NQC prepared by antisolvent precipitation method and characterized by SEM and dissolution test. The following methods were used in this study i.e. in vitro liver and intestinal CYP3A microsomal activity and in vitro non-everted sac method...
October 9, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
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