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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935734/draft-genome-sequences-of-two-strains-of-a-newly-described-species-sphingobacterium-cellulitidis
#1
Torsten Seemann, Dieter M Bulach, Glen Carter, M John Albert
The draft genome sequences of two strains of a newly described species, Sphingobacterium cellulitidis, have been determined. The type strain originated from cellulitis of a toe of a patient and the other strain from the environment. The sequences will provide the reference genomes of the new Sphingobacterium species.
September 21, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934874/radiographic-shape-of-foot-with-second-metatarsophalangeal-joint-dislocation-associated-with-hallux-valgus
#2
Tetsuro Kokubo, Takeshi Hashimoto, Yasunori Suda, Akeo Waseda, Hiroko Ikezawa
BACKGROUND: Second metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint dislocation is associated with hallux valgus, and the treatment of complete dislocation can be difficult. The purpose of this study was to radiographically clarify the characteristic foot shape in the presence of second MTP joint dislocation. METHODS: Weight-bearing foot radiographs of the 268 patients (358 feet) with hallux valgus were examined. They were divided into 2 groups: those with second MTP joint dislocation (study group = 179 feet) and those without dislocation (control group = 179 feet)...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934536/glomus-tumor-of-the-sciatic-nerve-an-extraspinal-cause-of-sciatica
#3
Basilia Onyinyechukwu Nwankwo, Robert M Henshaw, Dhruv Kumar
Glomus tumors are small, benign tumors that arise from glomus bodies, structures found normally within the dermis that assist in temperature regulation via their vasoconstrictive response to sympathetic stimuli. Glomus tumors are found typically in the hand and are classically a cause of focal pain and temperature sensitivity. They often present as a small blue lesion seen under the nail bed of a finger or a toe and cause point tenderness. Glomus tumors of peripheral nerves are exceedingly rare and can lead to disability akin to compressive neuropathy when present...
September 21, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933975/foot-problems-in-older-women
#4
F Guidozzi
Between 20 and 45% of women aged over 65 years of age will develop one or more foot problems, which, although not specific to older women, are more common in that age group than in younger women. These include structural defects of the toes including hallux valgus, hammer, mallet or claw toes, skin disorders, fungal infection of the toes and toe nails, thickened toe nails, ulcers, fissures or cracks between the toes, corns and calluses, flat or high-arched feet. Foot pain is common and may be associated with other co-morbid diseases of the foot...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931796/epidemiological-study-on-trichophyton-disseminating-from-the-feet-of-the-elderly
#5
Shusaku Suzuki, Yoko Mano, Nobuhiko Furuya, Katsumi Fujitani
OBJECTIVES: To grasp the colonization status of Trichophyton in terms of spreading rate, we investigated the intergenerational epidemiological difference in the spreading rate of Trichophyton from teenagers to the elderly aged over 65. In addition, the elderly people were divided into two groups: those living at nursing homes and those living at their homes. We compared the two groups in terms of the difference in the spreading rate of Trichophyton. METHODS: Spreading rate was investigated by identifying the fungi collected by the cotton swab sampling method...
2017: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931549/sacral-neuromodulation-blocks-pudendal-inhibition-of-reflex-bladder-activity-in-cats-insight-into-the-efficacy-of-sacral-neuromodulation-in-fowler-s-syndrome
#6
Xing Li, Jamie Uy, Michelle Yu, Shun Li, Katherine Theisen, Jeffrey Browning, Bing Shen, Jicheng Wang, James R Roppolo, William C de Groat, Changfeng Tai
This study tested the hypothesis that sacral neuromodulation, i.e. electrical stimulation of afferent axons in sacral spinal root, can block pudendal afferent inhibition of the micturition reflex. In α-chloralose anesthetized cats, pudendal nerve stimulation (PNS) at 3-5 Hz was used to inhibit bladder reflex activity while the sacral S1 or S2 dorsal root was stimulated at 15-30 Hz to mimic sacral neuromodulation and to block the bladder inhibition induced by PNS. The intensity threshold (T) for PNS or S1/S2 dorsal root stimulation (DRS) to induce muscle twitch of anal sphincter or toe was determined...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928711/validation-of-a-step-detection-algorithm-during-straight-walking-and-turning-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-older-adults-using-an-inertial-measurement-unit-at-the-lower-back
#7
Minh H Pham, Morad Elshehabi, Linda Haertner, Silvia Del Din, Karin Srulijes, Tanja Heger, Matthis Synofzik, Markus A Hobert, Gert S Faber, Clint Hansen, Dina Salkovic, Joaquim J Ferreira, Daniela Berg, Álvaro Sanchez-Ferro, Jaap H van Dieën, Clemens Becker, Lynn Rochester, Gerhard Schmidt, Walter Maetzler
INTRODUCTION: Inertial measurement units (IMUs) positioned on various body locations allow detailed gait analysis even under unconstrained conditions. From a medical perspective, the assessment of vulnerable populations is of particular relevance, especially in the daily-life environment. Gait analysis algorithms need thorough validation, as many chronic diseases show specific and even unique gait patterns. The aim of this study was therefore to validate an acceleration-based step detection algorithm for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and older adults in both a lab-based and home-like environment...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927882/treatment-of-hand-macrodactyly-with-resection-and-toe-transfers
#8
Pedro C Cavadas, Alessandro Thione
Macrodactyly is an uncommon congenital hand condition that can be difficult to treat and that can have a profound negative impact on patients and their families. Although many treatments have been described, results tend to be inconsistent. The authors report a case in which a combination of ray resection, partial finger resection, and toe transfer resulted in a 4-digit hand with acceptable function and cosmesis.
September 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927350/test-retest-reliability-of-the-tekscan%C3%A2-f-scan%C3%A2-7-in-shoe-plantar-pressure-system-during-treadmill-walking-in-healthy-recreationally-active-individuals
#9
Kyle Patrick, Luke Donovan
In-shoe plantar pressure systems are commonly used in clinical and research settings to assess foot function during functional tasks. Recently, Tekscan® has updated their F-Scan® in-shoe plantar pressure system; however, this system's test-retest reliability has not been established. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability of the F-Scan® 7 system in recreationally active individuals during treadmill walking. Seventeen healthy adults completed 2 sessions of treadmill walking...
September 20, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926567/critical-developmental-windows-for-morphology-and-hematology-revealed-by-intermittent-and-continuous-hypoxic-incubation-in-embryos-of-quail-coturnix-coturnix
#10
Warren W Burggren, Nourhan A Elmonoufy
Hypoxia during embryonic growth in embryos is frequently a powerful determinant of development, but at least in avian embryos the effects appear to show considerable intra- and inter-specific variation. We hypothesized that some of this variation may arise from different protocols that may or may not result in exposure during the embryo's critical window for hypoxic effects. To test this hypothesis, quail embryos (Coturnix coturnix) in the intact egg were exposed to hypoxia (~15% O2) during "early" (Day 0 through Day 5, abbreviated as D0-D5), "middle" (D6-D10) or "late" (D11-D15) incubation or for their entire 16-18 day incubation ("continuous hypoxia") to determine critical windows for viability and growth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925669/lower-extremity-abnormalities-in-children
#11
Caitlyn M Rerucha, Caleb Dickison, Drew C Baird
Leg and foot problems in childhood are common causes of parental concern. Rotational problems include intoeing and out-toeing. Intoeing is most common in infants and young children. Intoeing is caused by metatarsus adductus, internal tibial torsion, and femoral anteversion. Out-toeing is less common than intoeing and occurs more often in older children. Out-toeing is caused by external tibial torsion and femoral retroversion. Angular problems include genu varum (bowleg) and genu valgum (knock knee). With pes planus (flatfoot), the arch of the foot is usually flexible rather than rigid...
August 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924971/pitted-keratolysis-a-study-of-various-clinical-manifestations
#12
Meena Makhecha, Shreya Dass, Tishya Singh, Riddhi Gandhi, Tulika Yadav, Dipali Rathod
BACKGROUND: Pitted keratolysis (PK) is a common bacterial infection of skin characterized by noninflammatory superficial pits. Very few studies have focused on variations in clinical manifestations of PK. We conducted this study so that diagnosis of this treatable condition is not missed when it presents in an uncommonly perceived way. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment of PK patients for various sites and morphologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients with PK were assessed for various sites and morphologies...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924546/sirenomelia-associated-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-in-a-newborn
#13
H Turgut, R Ozdemir, I K Gokce, C Karakurt, A Karadag
Sirenomelia, also known as "mermaid malformation/syndrome," is a rare, serious congenital anomaly characterized by variable degrees of fusion of the lower limbs and associated with severe malformations of vertebral, genitourinary, cardiovascular system and single umbilical artery. The first pregnancy of a 25-year-old woman resulted in one twin born by Cesarian section at 32 weeks' gestation, who was referred to our hospital with cyanosis, a congenital anomaly and respiratory distress. On physical examination, there was no urogenital region and anal fissure and gender was indeterminate...
June 30, 2017: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924115/neurological-complications-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-egpa-the-roles-of-history-and-the-results-of-physical-examinations-in-the-diagnosis-of-egpa
#14
Hiroshi Oiwa, Sho Mokuda, Tomoyasu Matsubara, Masamoto Funaki, Ikuko Takeda, Takemori Yamawaki, Kazuhiko Kumagai, Eiji Sugiyama
Objective To investigate the clinical symptoms, the physical and neurological findings, and the clinical course of neurological complications in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). Methods A retrospective chart review of EGPA cases managed by two referral hospitals was performed, with a focus on the neurological findings. The study analyzed the symptoms at the onset of EGPA and investigated their chronological relationship. The patient delay (the delay between the onset of symptoms and the initial consultation), and the physician delay (the delay from consultation to the initiation of therapy) were determined and compared...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922325/metacarpal-like-hand-classification-and-treatment-guidelines-for-microsurgical-reconstruction-with-toe-transplantation
#15
Fu-Chan Wei, Nidal F Al Deek, Yu-Te Lin, Chung-Chen Hsu, Cheng-Hung Lin
The metacarpal-like hand is a severe hand injury, never addressed before. It describes a hand that lost a significant degree of prehension through a wide array of amputations, involving all digits proximal to the functional length except in one finger or in two digits, including the thumb.Thumb condition can be used to differentiate between two types.In type I, the thumb is intact or amputated at/or distal to the interphalangeal joint (functional length); and therefore, the reconstruction is focused on fingers mainly...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922141/towards-an-in-plane-methodology-to-track-breast-lesions-by-using-mammograms-and-patient-specific-finite-element-simulations
#16
Andres Lapuebla-Ferri, Jose Cegoñino-Banzo, Antonio-Jose Jimenez-Mocholi, Amaya Perez Del Palomar
In breast cancer screening or diagnosis, it is usual to combine different images in order to locate a lesion as accurately as possible. These images are generated by using a single or several imaging techniques. As X-ray based mammography is used widespread, a breast lesion is located in the same plane of the image (mammogram), but tracking of a breast lesion across mammograms corresponding to different views is a daring task for medical physicians. According to this, simulation tools and methodologies that use patient-specific numerical models can facilitate the task of fusing information from different images...
September 18, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920811/salt-bath-as-a-treatment-for-idiopathic-dermatitis-in-captive-nile-hippopotamus-hippopotamus-amphibius
#17
Kelly E Helmick
Ulcerative skin lesions were observed in two captive adult female hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius) from a zoological collection. Lesions appeared as cracking, peeling, or vesicles of the skin affecting the lateral and ventral aspects of the neck, limbs, thorax, and abdomen, dorsum, toes, and perineal region. Some lesions drained blood, serum, or purulent material. Histologic evaluation of sloughed skin consisted of deep dermal collagen with bacterial cellulitis and vasculitis and superficial fungal colonization...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917954/-striatal-toe-sign-false-positive-extensor-plantar-response-in-dystonia
#18
Debabrata Ghosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917829/a-chinese-boy-with-geleophysic-dysplasia-caused-by-compound-heterozygous-mutations-in-adamtsl2
#19
Li Dongxiao, Dong Hui, Zheng Hong, Song Jinqing, Li Xiyuan, Jin Ying, Liu Yupeng, Yang Yanling
Geleophysic dysplasia, belonging to the group of acromelic dysplasia, is a rare genetic disease. Two genes, FBN1 and ADAMTSL2, were known to be linked to this disorder. The disorder presents as extreme short stature, short limbs, small hands and feet, stubby fingers and toes, joint stiffness, toe walking, skin thickening, progressive cardiac valvular thickening and characteristic facial features, including a round face with full cheeks. Here, we report the first Chinese case with geleophysic dysplasia type 1 based on clinical and genetic features...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915880/increasing-bladder-capacity-by-foot-stimulation-in-rats-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#20
Guoqing Chen, Limin Liao, Zhaoxia Wang, Xing Li, Wenjuan Du
BACKGROUND: This study was to explore the possibility that foot stimulation increased bladder capacity(BC) in rats with neurogenic bladder secondary to T10 spinal cord injuries. METHODS: In 20 awake rats (stimulation group) with T10 spinal cord injuries, 5 repeat cystometrograms (CMGs) were recorded. The 1st and 2nd CMGs were performed without stimulation. The 3rd, 4th, and 5th CMGs were done separately with 1 T, 2 T, and 4 T stimulation, respectively, through a pair of pad electrodes on the skin of the hind foot...
September 15, 2017: BMC Urology
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