keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

toes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750263/biomechanical-differences-between-cases-with-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-and-asymptomatic-controls-during-walking-and-marching-gait
#1
Andrew Roberts, David Roscoe, David Hulse, Alexander N Bennett, Sharon Dixon
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is a significant problem in military populations that may be caused by specific military activities. This study aimed to investigate the kinematic and kinetic differences in military cases with chronic exertional compartment syndrome and asymptomatic controls. 20 males with symptoms of chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the anterior compartment and 20 asymptomatic controls were studied. Three-dimensional lower limb kinematics and kinetics were compared during walking and marching...
July 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748361/case-report-of-a-novel-nonsyndromic-unilateral-syndactyly-of-the-hand
#2
Julius Matthias Weinrich, Waleed Ajabnoor, Peter Bannas
Syndactyly is a cutaneous and/or bony digital malformation with possible webbing of adjacent fingers or toes and uni- or bilateral occurrence. We report an 84-year old woman with a novel non-syndromic congenital malformation of her left hand. Clinical examination showed that she only had four digits. Radiograph of the hand revealed synostosis of the second and third proximal phalanx, resulting in a triangular shaped bone with relatively normal articulations at both ends. The phalangeal base of the fused finger tapers distally and is broader than the middle phalangeal bases of the ring and little finger...
July 26, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748291/predictors-of-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-transosseous-equivalent-rotator-cuff-repair-in-155-cases-a-propensity-score-weighted-analysis-of-knotted-and-knotless-self-reinforcing-repair-techniques-at-a-minimum-of-2%C3%A2-years
#3
Peter J Millett, Chris Espinoza, Marilee P Horan, Charles P Ho, Ryan J Warth, Grant J Dornan, J Christoph Katthagen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of two commonly used transosseous-equivalent (TOE) arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR) techniques for full-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears (FTST) using a robust multi-predictor model. METHODS: 155 shoulders in 151 patients (109 men, 42 women; mean age 59 ± 10 years) who underwent arthroscopic RCR of FTST, using either a knotted suture bridging (KSB) or a knotless tape bridging (KTB) TOE technique were included. ASES and SF-12 PCS scores assessed at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively were modeled using propensity score weighting in a multiple linear regression model...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745397/tempo-and-mode-of-performance-evolution-across-multiple-independent-origins-of-adhesive-toe-pads-in-lizards
#4
Travis J Hagey, Josef C Uyeda, Kristen E Crandell, Jorn A Cheney, Kellar Autumn, Luke J Harmon
Understanding macroevolutionary dynamics of trait evolution is an important endeavor in evolutionary biology. Ecological opportunity can liberate a trait as it diversifies through trait space, while genetic and selective constraints can limit diversification. While many studies have examined the dynamics of morphological traits, diverse morphological traits may yield the same or similar performance and as performance is often more proximately the target of selection, examining only morphology may give an incomplete understanding of evolutionary dynamics...
July 26, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745214/nailfold-capillaroscopy-of-fingers-and-toes-variations-of-normal
#5
Sevdalina Lambova, Ulf Müller-Ladner
INTRODUCTION: Nailfold capillaroscopy is the only method for morphological assessment of nutritive capillaries. The literature data about capillaroscopic findings of toes in healthy individuals are scarce. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate and compare the capillaroscopic findings of fingers and toes in healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 22 healthy individuals were included in the study. Capillaroscopic examination was performed with videocapillaroscope Videocap 3...
July 26, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742277/the-immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-real-time-knee-adduction-moment-feedback-on-the-peak-and-cumulative-knee-load-during-walking
#6
Brennan Jackson, Keith E Gordon, Alison H Chang
The peak external knee adduction moment (pKAM), KAM impulse, and peak knee flexion moment (pKFM) during gait are important loading variables in medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. We evaluated the effects of gait modification, using real-time pKAM visual feedback, on pKAM, KAM impulse, and pKFM; and whether participants could maintain the KAM-reducing gait after feedback removal. Eleven healthy individuals performed a series of walking trials on a split-belt instrumented treadmill under 4 conditions of Baseline, Feedback, No Feedback Early, and No Feedback Late...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738667/toe-grip-strength-in-middle-aged-individuals-as-a-risk-factor-for-falls
#7
Ryota Tsuyuguchi, Satoshi Kurose, Takayuki Seto, Nana Takao, Satoshi Tagashira, Hiromi Tsutsumi, Shingo Otsuki, Yutaka Kimura
BACKGROUND: Toe grip strength is the force of a toe on a surface. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between falls in middle-aged individuals and physical strength factors such as toe grip strength and knee extension strength. METHODS: The subjects were 194 middle-aged individuals (388 feet) who were independent in daily life, received no nursing care, and participated in a health sports event organized by a sports club. We evaluated the body composition, blood pressure, vascular age, systemic response, bone density, knee extension strength, and toe grip strength, and examined their relationship using a self-administered questionnaire survey...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725309/cronkhite-canada-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-chronic-diarrhea
#8
Umair Iqbal, Ahmad Chaudhary, Muhammad Arsalan Karim, Hafsa Anwar, Nancy Merrell
Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) is a rare non-hereditary disease characterized by chronic diarrhea, diffuse intestinal polyposis and onychodystrophy. We present here a case of a middle-aged female who presented with chronic intermittent bloody diarrhea associated alopecia and loss of finger and toe nails. Labs were remarkable for microcytic anemia and severe hypoalbuminemia. Endoscopy showed numerous polyps scattered throughout the colon. She was treated with nutritional support and corticosteroid with complete resolution of her symptoms and endoscopic findings...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725271/normal-foot-loading-parameters-and-repeatability-of-the-footscan%C3%A2-platform-system
#9
Chao Xu, Xin-Xin Wen, Lu-Yu Huang, Lei Shang, Xi-Xia Cheng, Ya-Bo Yan, Wei Lei
BACKGROUND: The Footscan® platform system is one of the most commonly used clinical tools for the measurement of the foot pressure. The present study was designed to assess the repeatability of the system and identify the range of loading parameters observed in the normal foot. METHODS: Measurements were collected from 32 healthy participants, 15 females and 17 males, twice at an interval of 1 week. Peak pressure (PP), contact time (CT), contact area (CA), pressure-time integral (PTI), and maximum force (MaF) were recorded; these parameters were investigated in 10 areas of the foot: medial heel, lateral heel, midfoot, first to fifth metatarsals, hallux, and toes 2-5...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722616/recurrence-of-guinea-worm-disease-in-chad-after-a-10-year-absence-risk-factors-for-human-cases-identified-in-2010-2011
#10
Nandini Sreenivasan, Adam Weiss, Jean-Paul Djiatsa, Fernand Toe, Ngarodjel Djimadoumaji, Tracy Ayers, Mark Eberhard, Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben, Sharon Roy
A decade after reporting its last case of Guinea worm disease (GWD), a waterborne parasitic disease targeted for eradication, Chad reported 20 confirmed human cases from 17 villages-10 cases in 2010 and 10 cases in 2011. In 2012, the first GWD dog infections were diagnosed. We conducted a case-control study during April-May 2012 to identify human transmission risk factors and epidemiologic links. We recruited 19 cases and 45 controls matched by age, sex, time, and location of exposure based on the case patients' periods of infection 10-14 months earlier...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722078/true-prevalence-of-copd-and-its-association-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-the-internal-medicine-ward-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#11
Jonathan Tschopp, Philippe Dumont, Daniel Hayoz
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the prevalence of confirmed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients aged 45 years or more who were admitted to the internal medicine ward of our tertiary care hospital (HFR Fribourg, Switzerland), and were either "tagged" as having COPD or at risk for COPD. The secondary objective was to determine the prevalence of the association of COPD with peripheral artery disease (PAD) in this population. METHODOLOGY: We evaluated all consecutive patients aged 45 years, admitted to our internal medicine ward between November 2013 and March 2014...
July 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719274/risk-factors-for-podoconiosis-kamwenge-district-western-uganda-september-2015
#12
Christine Kihembo, Ben Masiira, William Z Lali, Gabriel K Matwale, Joseph K B Matovu, Frank Kaharuza, Alex R Ario, Immaculate Nabukenya, Issa Makumbi, Monica Musenero, Bao-Ping Zhu, Miriam Nanyunja
AbstractPodoconiosis, a noninfectious elephantiasis, is a disabling neglected tropical disease. In August 2015, an elephantiasis case-cluster was reported in Kamwenge District, western Uganda. We investigated to identify the disease's nature and risk factors. We defined a suspected podoconiosis case as onset in a Kamwenge resident of bilateral asymmetrical lower limb swelling lasting ≥ 1 month, plus ≥ 1 of the following associated symptoms: skin itching, burning sensation, plantar edema, lymph ooze, prominent skin markings, rigid toes, or mossy papillomata...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716743/low-level-exposure-to-manganese-from-drinking-water-and-cognition-in-school-age-children
#13
Maryse F Bouchard, Céline Surette, Pierre Cormier, Delphine Foucher
BACKGROUND: Manganese (Mn) is an element found in the environment and certain geographic areas have elevated concentrations in soil and water du to natural conditions or anthropic activities. A growing body of data suggests that exposure to manganese in drinking water could be neurotoxic. OBJECTIVE: Firstly, we aimed to examine the association between exposure to manganese from drinking water and cognition in children consuming well water. Secondly, we also aimed to examine the relation between cognition and manganese concentrations in children's hair, nail, and saliva...
July 14, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716514/toe-walking-when-do-we-need-to-worry
#14
Olga M Morozova, Thomas F Chang, Mackenzie E Brown
Toe walking refers to the lack of heel strike during the stance phase of the gait cycle. It is a common variation of normal gait development in children. Persistent toe walking past 2-3 years of age warrants further evaluation as toe walking can be associated with cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and autism spectrum disorders. The diagnosis of idiopathic toe walking is a diagnosis of exclusion used for children with persistent toe walking and no associated medical condition. Despite variable pathophysiology, the treatment of toe walking has similarities across diagnoses as it is focused on the maintenance of range of motion through the ankle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715504/megalosauripus-transjuranicus-ichnosp-nov-a-new-late-jurassic-theropod-ichnotaxon-from-nw-switzerland-and-implications-for-tridactyl-dinosaur-ichnology-and-ichnotaxomy
#15
Novella L Razzolini, Matteo Belvedere, Daniel Marty, Géraldine Paratte, Christel Lovis, Marielle Cattin, Christian A Meyer
A new ichnospecies of a large theropod dinosaur, Megalosauripus transjuranicus, is described from the Reuchenette Formation (Early-Late Kimmeridgian, Late Jurassic) of NW Switzerland. It is based on very well-preserved and morphologically-distinct tracks (impressions) and several trackways, including different preservational types from different tracksites and horizons. All trackways were excavated along federal Highway A16 near Courtedoux (Canton Jura) and systematically documented in the field including orthophotos and laserscans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714381/gemcitabine-associated-pseudocellulitis-a-missed-diagnosis
#16
Dalvir Gill, Josh Schrader, Matthew Kelly, Fidel Martinez, Wajihuddin Syed, Jonathan Wright
We report a case of a 51-year-old male with past medical history significant for cholangiocarcinoma presented with two weeks of worsening bilateral lower extremity swelling and erythema. Patient has been on active chemotherapy for his cholangiocarcinoma with Gemcitabine weekly infusions. Physical exam was significant for bilaterally petechial rash coalescing into ecchymoses over the dorsum of the feet, sparing soles and toes, which dissipated into thinning petechiae more proximally. On labs he did not have any leukocytosis, his platelet count was 50 × 10(3)/µL and basic metabolic panel was benign...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714106/prevalence-and-distribution-of-sesamoid-bones-and-accessory-ossicles-of-the-foot-as-determined-by-digital-tomosynthesis
#17
Bon San Koo, Yoonah Song, Seunghun Lee, Yoon-Kyoung Sung, Il-Hoon Sung, Jae-Bum Jun
We previously reported that digital tomosynthesis (DTS) is a reliable tool for evaluating bony structures of the hand. The current study aimed to identify the prevalence and distribution of sesamoid bones and accessory ossicles of the foot using DTS and to compare the results to those of conventional radiography (CR). Foot images (DTS, 213; CR, 44) of 213 patients taken at a tertiary hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Sesamoid bones were identified in the metatarsaophalangeal (MTP), distal interphalangeal (DIP) and interphalangeal (IP) joints of the great (I), second (II), third (III), fourth (IV), and fifth (V) toes...
July 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713639/a-prospective-nonrandomized-no-placebo-controlled-phase-i-ii-clinical-trial-assessing-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-intramuscular-injection-of-autologous-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-patients-with-severe-buerger-s-disease
#18
Jeong Chan Ra, Euicheol C Jeong, Sung Keun Kang, Seog Ju Lee, Kyoung Ho Choi
Buerger's disease is a rare and severe disease affecting the blood vessels of the limbs. Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) have the potential to cure Buerger's disease when developed as a stem cell drug. In the present study, we conducted a prospective, nonrandomized, no placebo-controlled, phase I/II clinical trial with a 2-year follow-up questionnaire survey. A total of 17 patients were intramuscularly administered autologous ADSCs at a dose of 5 million cells/kg. The incidence of adverse events (AEs), adverse drug reaction (ADR), and serious adverse events (SAEs) was monitored...
2017: Cell Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713474/plantar-pressure-differences-between-nordic-walking-techniques
#19
Alberto Encarnación-Martínez, Ángel Gabriel Lucas-Cuevas, Pedro Pérez-Soriano, Ruperto Menayo, Gemma María Gea-García
High plantar pressure has been associated with increased risk of injury. The characteristics of each physical activity determine the load on the lower limbs. The influence of Nordic Walking (NW) technique on plantar pressure is still unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze the differences between plantar pressure during NW with the Diagonal technique (DT) versus Alpha technique (AT) and compare them with the pressure obtained during normal walking (W). The normality and sphericity of the plantar pressure data were checked before performing a two-way repeated measures ANOVA in order to find differences between speeds (preferred, fast) and the gait (NW, W) as within-subject factors...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710291/two-types-of-etiological-mutation-in-the-limb-specific-enhancer-of-shh
#20
Takanori Amano, Tomoko Sagai, Ryohei Seki, Toshihiko Shiroishi
An enhancer named MFCS1 regulates Sonic hedgehog (Shh) expression in the posterior mesenchyme of limb buds. Several mutations in MFCS1 induce ectopic Shh expression in the anterior limb bud, and these result in preaxial polydactyly (PPD). However, the molecular basis of ectopic Shh expression remains elusive, although some mutations are known to disrupt the negative regulation of Shh expression in the anterior limb bud. Here, we analyzed the molecular mechanism of ectopic Shh expression in PPD including in a mouse mutation-hemimelic extra toes (Hx)-and in other MFCS1 mutations in different species...
July 14, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
keyword
keyword
67692
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"