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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329558/quality-of-life-and-problems-associated-with-obturators-of-patients-with-maxillectomies
#1
Marwa Mohammed Ali, Nadia Khalifa, Mohammed Nasser Alhajj
BACKGROUND: Maxillary defects predispose patients to different undesirable effects. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) of patients with maxillary defects (acquired/congenital) wearing obturators. METHODS: The study comprised 30 patients aged between 16 and 78 years. Interviews were conducted to collect information pertaining to patients; sociodemographic, self-reported function of obturator using Obturator Functioning Scale (OFS), self-evaluation of general health using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), radiotherapy treatment, salivary gland removal, reconstructive surgery, neck dissection and length of time obturators were worn...
January 5, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325534/increasing-trend-in-hospital-deaths-consistent-among-older-decedents-in-korea-a-population-based-study-using-death-registration-database-2001-2014
#2
Tran Thi Xuan Mai, Eunsook Lee, Hyunsoon Cho, Yoon Jung Chang
BACKGROUND: With improvement in hospice palliative care services and long-term care, Republic of Korea (hereafter South Korea) has recorded significant changes in places of death (e.g., hospital, home), especially among older adults. Over the last few decades, the most common places of death in South Korea were hospitals. However, Koreans, especially older adults, reportedly prefer to receive terminal care and eventually die at home. This study was conducted to investigate trends in places of death among older Korean adults and factors associated therewith...
January 11, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323522/demoralization-and-embitterment
#3
Maria Giulia Nanni, Rosangela Caruso, Silvana Sabato, Luigi Grassi
OBJECTIVE: Individuals may experience a wide range of psychological reactions in response to negative life events. Even if events that threaten life have been always played a central role in research, recent studies have outlined that experiences, considered exceptional but part of the human existence (e.g., divorce, unemployment, or chronic illness) may also lead individuals to experience enduring emotional states of suffering. Demoralization has been substantially described as an important condition occurring in response to stressful events, while a recent interest is growing on embitterment as a common reaction...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322403/divorce-separation-and-housing-changes-a-multiprocess-analysis-of-longitudinal-data-from-england-and-wales
#4
Júlia Mikolai, Hill Kulu
This study investigates the effect of marital and nonmarital separation on individuals' residential and housing trajectories. Using rich data from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) and applying multilevel competing-risks event history models, we analyze the risk of a move of single, married, cohabiting, and separated men and women to different housing types. We distinguish moves due to separation from moves of separated people and account for unobserved codeterminants of moving and separation risks...
January 10, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320342/factors-associated-with-sunbed-use-in-women-the-e3n-sunexp-study
#5
Isabelle Savoye, Iris Cervenka, Yahya Mahamat Saleh, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Marina Kvaskoff
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we attempt to describe the profile of sunbed users among cancer-free French women. METHODS: E3N is a prospective cohort including 98,995 French women aged 40- 65 years in 1990. In 2008, a specific UV questionnaire was sent to all reported skin cancer cases and 3 controls per case, matched on age, county of birth, and education. We used logistic regression models adjusted for pigmentary traits. RESULTS: Compared with non-users, ever-users of sunbeds were younger (ptrend < ...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318920/family-centered-care-and-positive-developmental-outcomes-for-youth-with-special-health-care-needs-variations-across-family-structures
#6
Luke T Russell, Jonathon J Beckmeyer, Chang Su-Russell
Drawing on a social determinants of health framework, we evaluated associations between perceived family-centered care (FCC) and positive developmental outcomes for youth with special health care needs across six different family structures (married biological families, cohabiting biological families, married stepfamilies, cohabiting stepfamilies, divorced/separated single-mother families, and never-married single-mother families). Using data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health, we found that married biological families perceive greater FCC than do other family structures...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314622/frailty-prevalence-in-australia-findings-from-four-pooled-australian-cohort-studies
#7
Mark Q Thompson, Olga Theou, Jonathon Karnon, Robert J Adams, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To examine frailty prevalence in Australian older adults. METHODS: Frailty was measured using a modified Fried Frailty Phenotype (FFP) in a combined cohort of 8804 Australian adults aged ≥65 years (female 86%, median age 80 (79-82) years) from the Dynamic Analyses to Optimise Ageing Project and the North West Adelaide Health Study. RESULTS: Using the FFP, 21% of participants were frail while a further 48% were prefrail. Chi-squared testing of frailty among four age groups (65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and 80-84 years) for sex, and marital status revealed that frailty was significantly higher for women (approximately double that of men), increased significantly with advancing age for both sexes, and was significantly higher for women who were widowed, divorced or never married...
January 5, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314427/comprehensive-unmet-needs-and-correlations-with-quality-of-life-in-chinese-cancer-patients
#8
Y P Zhang, Y Zhang, W H Liu, Y T Yan, H H Wei
Increasing evidence indicates unmet supportive need as a detrimental effect on patients' well-being. However, the unmet needs and correlations with quality of life (QOL) in mainland Chinese cancer patients remain unclear. This study aimed to assess the unmet needs and QOL in Chinese cancer patients, and further explore the influencing factors. A cross-sectional descriptive study design was applied. Using a convenience sampling method, 300 cancer patients, including 176 females and 124 males were recruited from five tertiary hospitals in Xi'an city during April to July 2015...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313741/drinking-and-driving-in-puerto-rico
#9
Raul Caetano, Patrice A C Vaeth, Eduardo Romano, Glorisa Canino
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological information is lacking for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) in Puerto Rico. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and correlates of DUI in Puerto Rico. METHODS: Data are from a household sample of 1510 individuals, aged 18-64 years in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The response rate was 83%. RESULTS: The rate of 12 month self-reported DUI was 20% among men and 8% among women (p < 0...
January 9, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307705/validation-of-the-hamilton-depression-rating-scale-hdrs-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-lebanese-depressed-patients
#10
S Obeid, C Abi Elias Hallit, C Haddad, Z Hany, S Hallit
OBJECTIVES: The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) is the most commonly used scale for the evaluation of patients' treatments for depression. Since the HDRS has never been validated in Lebanon to our knowledge, our primary objective, therefore, is to investigate the correlation, sensitivity, specificity, as well as the reliability and the validity of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) among Lebanese depressed patients. The secondary objective is to identify sociodemographic factors that would be correlated to depression among our sample...
January 4, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304476/human-health-risks-and-socio-economic-perspectives-of-arsenic-exposure-in-bangladesh-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
M Azizur Rahman, A Rahman, M Zaved Kaiser Khan, Andre M N Renzaho
Arsenic contamination of drinking water, which can occur naturally or because of human activities such as mining, is the single most important public health issue in Bangladesh. Fifty out of the 64 districts in the country have arsenic concentration of groundwater exceeding 50µgL-1, the Bangladeshi threshold, affecting 35-77 million people or 21-48% of the total population. Chronic arsenic exposure through drinking water and other dietary sources is an important public health issue worldwide affecting hundreds of millions of people...
January 2, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295022/theorizing-the-process-of-leaving-a-violent-marriage-and-getting-a-divorce-in-tehran
#12
Fatemeh Nikparvar, Sandra Stith, Karen Myers-Bowman, Mojgan Akbarzadeh, Manijeh Daneshpour
This study utilized qualitative methods to develop a theory regarding the process used by Tehranian women who leave violent marriages to get a divorce. Findings from semistructured, in-depth interviews with nine women in Tehran who left their abusive husbands suggested that there are six stages in this process: "denial," "using cognitive and internal strategies to save marriage," "using behavioral and external strategies to save marriage," "seeking power to end violence," "preparation to leave marriage," and "termination" stage...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294964/rape-crisis-counseling-trauma-contagion-and-supervision
#13
Niveen Rizkalla, Maya Zeevi-Barkay, Steven P Segal
This study of rape crisis counselors considers whether increased exposure to victims' trauma is associated with increased supervision-believed necessary to combat trauma contagion-and whether such supervision will reduce the negative impact of such exposure. One hundred six women counselors in seven of nine rape crisis centers in Israel completed anonymous questionnaires documenting their work and trauma exposure. Trauma exposure was defined by counselors' number of victim-contact hours per week and their assessment of the trauma severity they experienced...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294933/the-cycle-of-violence-examining-attitudes-toward-and-experiences-of-corporal-punishment-in-a-representative-german-sample
#14
Andreas Witt, Jörg M Fegert, Klaus P Rodens, Elmar Brähler, Claudia Lührs Da Silva, Paul L Plener
The use of corporal punishment (CP) is controversial despite the negative consequences of its use that have been documented. Consequences include the use of CP by those who experienced CP themselves, described in the theory of the cycle of violence. There are little data on the cycle of violence, especially on those who break it and in representative samples. This study examines the cycle of violence in a representative sample by analyzing experiences of and attitudes toward CP. Attitudes toward, and own experiences of, CP by their parents were assessed in a sample of 2,519 individuals (female 54...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294703/viewing-the-cycle-of-violence-through-a-gendered-pathways-lens-perceived-parental-tolerance-of-violence-peer-influence-and-child-aggressive-behavior
#15
Glenn D Walters
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether a child's perception of adult tolerance of violence interfaced with peer associations and violent offending. It was hypothesized that a child's perception of his or her parents' tolerance for violence would predict the peer influence effect for aggressive behavior in boys but not girls. Control variables included the parent's stated tolerance of violence, the child's personal attitude toward violence, recent parental divorce or separation, and child maltreatment within the past 12 months...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286227/quality-of-life-determinants-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-central-rural-india
#16
Nitin Gangane, Pravin Khairkar, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Miguel San Sebastián
Introduction: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women throughout world, with incidence rates increasing in India. Improved survival in breast cancer patients has resulted in their quality of life (QOL) becoming an important issue. Identifying determinants for QOL may provide insights into how to improve their living conditions. This study aimed to assess socio-demographic and clinical factors, as well as the role of self-efficacy, in relation to QOL among women with breast cancer in rural India...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284328/ehrlich-j-2014-divorce-and-loss-helping-adults-and-children-mourn-when-a-marriage-comes-apart-ehrlich-j-2014-divorce-and-loss-helping-adults-and-children-mourn-when-a-marriage-comes-apart-london-england-rowman-and-littlefield-171-pp-87-00-hardcopy-isbn-978
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246345/prevalence-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-low-income-latino-immigrant-and-nonimmigrant-children
#18
Hilda Loria, Margaret Caughy
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences in low-income Latino children and examine differences in the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences by immigrant generational status. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary data analysis of the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health, a telephone survey of parents/caregivers of a nationally representative sample of US children. The study sample was limited to Latino children in households with an annual income ≤200% of the federal poverty level (FPL) whose parents responded to a 9-item inventory of adverse childhood experiences...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245222/specific-demographic-factors-could-predict-deceased-potential-cornea-donors-a-retrospective-study-from-beijing-tongren-hospital-eye-bank
#19
Yang Liu, Yingnan Zhang, Jing Zhang, Jin Yu, Qingfeng Liang, Zhiqiang Pan
Compared with evident cornea donors (ECDs), deceased potential cornea donors (DPCDs) have no obvious donor identifications to reference, which causes many eligible cornea tissues to be wasted. The demographic characteristics of DPCDs might be different from those of ECDs owing to the following different features: donation consent provided by relatives and willingness to donate before death. Thus, the aim of this study is to reveal the demographic characteristics of DPCDs by comparing DPCDs and ECDs.The demographic factors of 138 donors (both DPCDs and ECDs) were collected from the Beijing Tongren Hospital Eye Bank database and analyzed...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243200/the-cascading-effects-of-multiple-dimensions-of%C3%A2-implementation-on-program-outcomes-a-test-of-a-theoretical-model
#20
Cady Berkel, Anne M Mauricio, Irwin N Sandler, Sharlene A Wolchik, Carlos G Gallo, C Hendricks Brown
This study tests a theoretical cascade model in which multiple dimensions of facilitator delivery predict indicators of participant responsiveness, which in turn lead to improvements in targeted program outcomes. An effectiveness trial of the 10-session New Beginnings Program for divorcing families was implemented in partnership with four county-level family courts. This study included 366 families assigned to the intervention condition who attended at least one session. Independent observers provided ratings of program delivery (i...
December 14, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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