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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333973/reported-reasons-for-breakdown-of-marriage-and-cohabitation-in-britain-findings-from-the-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#1
Kirsten Gravningen, Kirstin R Mitchell, Kaye Wellings, Anne M Johnson, Rebecca Geary, Kyle G Jones, Soazig Clifton, Bob Erens, Michelle Lu, Chenchit Chayachinda, Nigel Field, Pam Sonnenberg, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Breakdown of marriage and cohabitation is common in Western countries and is costly for individuals and society. Most research on reasons for breakdown has focused on marriages ending in divorce and/or have used data unrepresentative of the population. We present prevalence estimates of, and differences in, reported reasons for recent breakdown of marriages and cohabitations in Britain. METHODS: Descriptive analyses of data from Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), a probability sample survey (15,162 people aged 16-74 years) undertaken 2010-2012, using computer-assisted personal interviewing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332136/new-evidence-against-a-causal-marriage-wage-premium
#2
Alexandra Killewald, Ian Lundberg
Recent research has shown that men's wages rise more rapidly than expected prior to marriage, but interpretations diverge on whether this indicates selection or a causal effect of anticipating marriage. We seek to adjudicate this debate by bringing together literatures on (1) the male marriage wage premium; (2) selection into marriage based on men's economic circumstances; and (3) the transition to adulthood, during which both union formation and unusually rapid improvements in work outcomes often occur. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, we evaluate these perspectives...
March 22, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315130/relationships-between-quality-of-life-in-the-psychological-domain-acceptance-of-illness-and-healthcare-services-in-patients-with-asthma
#3
Bożena Mroczek, Katarzyna Parzuchowska, Maria Jasińska-Starczewska, Tomasz Grodzki, Donata Kurpas
Asthma patients should be considered not only in terms of the medical aspects, but also the nonmedical issues associated with the psychological domain, since these are factors that can significantly improve patients' health state, quality of life, and illness acceptance, and can contribute to the reduction of healthcare utilization. The purpose of this study was to assess the acceptance of illness among asthma patients and their quality of life in the psychological domain, as well as to identify factors that influence illness acceptance and quality of life in the psychological domain...
March 18, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301042/stability-of-attachment-style-in-adolescence-an-empirical-test-of-alternative-developmental-processes
#4
Jason D Jones, R Chris Fraley, Katherine B Ehrlich, Jessica A Stern, C W Lejuez, Phillip R Shaver, Jude Cassidy
Few studies have examined stability and change in attachment during adolescence. This 5-year longitudinal study (a) examined whether prototype or revisionist developmental dynamics better characterized patterns of stability and change in adolescent attachment (at T1, N = 176; Mage  = 14.0 years, SD = 0.9), (b) tested potential moderators of prototype-like attachment stability, and (c) compared attachment stability in adolescence to stability in adulthood. The results supported the prototype model, which assumes that there is a stable, enduring factor underlying stability and change in attachment...
March 16, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298225/exploring-public-sector-physicians-resilience-reactions-and-coping-strategies-in-times-of-economic-crisis-findings-from-a-survey-in-portugal-s-capital-city-area
#5
Giuliano Russo, Carlos André Pires, Julian Perelman, Luzia Gonçalves, Pedro Pita Barros
BACKGROUND: Evidence is accumulating on the impact of the recent economic crisis on health and health systems across Europe. However, little is known about the effect this is having on physicians - a crucial resource for the delivery of healthcare services. This paper explores the adaptation to the crisis of public sector physicians and their ability to keep performing their functions, with the objective of gaining a better understanding of health workers' resilience under deteriorating conditions...
March 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281919/retraumatization-mediates-the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-clinical-training-related-secondary-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#6
Lisa D Butler, Eugene Maguin, Janice Carello
Previous research (AuthorCitation1) has found that exposure to trauma-related material in graduate clinical coursework and field training can put students at risk for reactivations of feelings/memories from negative past experiences (retraumatization) and for secondary traumatic stress (STS) symptoms. The present report sought to examine the role, if any, of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in these outcomes. Using the AuthorCitaiton2 sample, we examined: (1) rates of ACEs in 195 graduate social work students, (2) whether the total number of ACEs was associated with training-related retraumatization (TRT) and/or STS symptoms, and (3) if TRT mediated the relationship between ACEs and STS symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274341/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-treatments-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Fahad D Alosaimi, Mohammed Abalhassan, Bandar Alhaddad, Nasser Alzain, Ebtihaj Fallata, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Mohammed Z Alassiry
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and clinical correlates of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components among patients with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult patients with psychiatric disorders at major hospitals in Saudi Arabia. After measurements were recorded for all MetS components, demographic and clinical information was obtained mainly by reviewing the patients' medical charts. RESULTS: The prevalence rate of MetS among the 992 study participants was 41...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272194/validations-and-psychological-properties-of-a-simplified-chinese-version-of-pain-anxiety-symptoms-scale-sc-pass
#8
Xiao-Yi Zhou, Xi-Ming Xu, Fei Wang, Sui-Yi Wu, Yi-Lin Yang, Ming Li, Jian-Ming Huang, Xian-Zhao Wei
The Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS) has been developed to evaluate pain anxiety, which leads to avoidance of daily activities and normal movements. However, a simplified Chinese version of PASS is still not available. Physicians are not aware of which patients are prone to anxiety, and what the risk factors are.To cross-culturally adapt the PASS into a simplified Chinese version and test the reliability and validity. Factors affecting pain anxiety were also explored.The PASS was first translated into a simplified Chinese version according to a forward-backward method...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272070/epidemiology-of-mental-disability-using-indian-disability-evaluation-assessment-scale-among-general-population-in-an-urban-area-of-puducherry-india
#9
S G Kumar, K C Premarajan, S Kattimani, S S Kar
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of information on epidemiology of mental disability in India. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess mental disability, and to study the association between sociodemographic and comorbid chronic conditions with mental disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among ≥5 years age group in an urban area attached to a Tertiary Care Medical Institute in Puducherry, India...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267199/real-world-impact-of-non-breast-cancer-specific-death-on-overall-survival-in-resectable-breast-cancer
#10
Jianfei Fu, Lunpo Wu, Mengjie Jiang, Dan Li, Ting Jiang, Wei Fu, Liangjing Wang, Jinlin Du
BACKGROUND: The real-world occurrence rate of non-breast cancer-specific death (non-BCSD) and its impact on patients with breast cancer are poorly recognized. METHODS: Women with resectable breast cancer from 1990 to 2007 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (n = 199,963) were analyzed. The outcome events of breast cancer were classified as breast cancer-specific death (BCSD), non-BCSD, or survival. Binary logistics was used to estimate the occurrence rates of non-BCSD and BCSD with different clinicopathological factors...
March 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261983/commentary-on-salvatore-et-al-2017-dyadic-research-can-clarify-non-shared-environmental-influences-on-alcohol-use-disorder-and-divorce
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260634/comparing-the-role-of-the-height-of-men-and-women-in-the-marriage-market
#12
Eiji Yamamura, Yoshiro Tsutsui
This paper explores how the role of men and women's height in the marriage market has changed across generations. Using individual-level data from Japan, we compared the effect of height on marriages between men and women, and investigated how the effect of height on marriage has changed across generations. Our key findings are: (1) for men born before 1965, a 1% increase in height led to an approximately 0.56% increase in the probability of being married. Conversely, for women born before 1965, a 1% increase in height led to an approximately 0...
February 27, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257969/relational-conflict-and-outcomes-from-an-online-divorce-education-program
#13
Sarah Cronin, Emily H Becher, Ellie McCann, Jenifer McGuire, Sharon Powell
The impact of conflict on co-parenting outcomes of divorce education programs is not widely explored in the literature despite the prevalence of conflict in divorce. This study used outcome data from a sample of participants (N=272) who took the online Parents Forever™ course between 2012 and 2014. Participants were asked questions about positive and negative co-parenting behaviors as well their levels of conflict before and after the divorce or separation. There was on average a slight increase in conflict from post to follow-up (M=-0...
February 20, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247495/staging-a-performance-learners-perceptions-about-direct-observation-during-residency
#14
Kori A LaDonna, Rose Hatala, Lorelei Lingard, Stephane Voyer, Christopher Watling
CONTEXT: Evidence strongly supports that direct observation is a valid and reliable assessment tool; support for its impact on learning is less compelling, and we know that some learners are ambivalent about being observed. However, learners' perceptions about the impact of direct observation on their learning and professional development remain underexplored. To promote learning, we need to understand what makes direct observation valuable for learners. METHODS: Informed by constructivist grounded theory, we interviewed 22 learners about their observation experiences...
February 28, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245847/relationship-between-coping-styles-and-lipid-profile-among-public-university-staff
#15
Suthahar Ariaratnam, Ambigga Devi Krishnapillai, Aqil Mohammad Daher, Mohd Ariff Fadzil, Salmi Razali, Siti Aminah Omar, Ng Kien Keat, Nafiza Mat Nasir, Maizatullifah Miskan, Mazapuspavina Md Yasin, Jo Anne Saw, Damayanthi Durairajanayagam, Gurpreet Kaur, Osman Che Bakar, Nurul Azreen Hashim
BACKGROUND: The scarcity of data about coping styles with a biochemical marker namely lipid profile, potentially associated with cardiovascular risk factors is most striking among professionals working in public university. Hence, this research aimed to investigate the relationship between coping styles and lipid profile comprising total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), HDL-cholesterol (high density lipoprotein-cholesterol) and LDL-cholesterol (Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol) among this group of professionals...
February 28, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236455/epidemiology-of-vulvar-neoplasia-in-the-nih-aarp-study
#16
Louise A Brinton, Jake E Thistle, Linda M Liao, Britton Trabert
OBJECTIVE: To clarify risk factors for rare vulvar neoplasms. METHODS: Within the NIH-AARP Study, among 201,469 women interviewed in 1995-1996 and followed for a mean of 13.8years, there were 370 diagnoses of incident vulvar neoplasms, including 170 invasive and 198 vulvar intraepithelial neoplasms grade 3 (VIN3). Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated via multivariate logistic regression for various demographic, reproductive and lifestyle factors, with separate consideration of relations according to invasiveness, histology and age at diagnosis...
February 21, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231670/-factors-associated-with-marital-status-among-spouse-after-diagnosed-in-newly-reported-hiv-cases-in-china-2014
#17
J Li, J Xu, H L Tang, J Han, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the factors associated with divorce or separation when one of the spouse diagnosed and newly reported as HIV positive, in China. Methods: Data from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System, by December 31, 2015 were used for collection on newly reported HIV cases regarding their baseline information in 2014 and follow-up within one year, among couples and above 18 year olds. HIV cases were divided into divorce/separation group and married group according to their marriage dynamics in one year after being diagnosed as HIV positive...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225508/suicidal-ideation-vs-suicide-attempts-clinical-and-psychosocial-profile-differences-among-depressed-patients-a-study-on-personality-traits-psychopathological-variables-and-sociodemographic-factors-in-228-patients
#18
Ute Lewitzka, Sina Spirling, Dirk Ritter, Michael Smolka, Sarah Goodday, Michael Bauer, Werner Felber, Tom Bschor
This study investigated whether personality traits, psychopathological characteristics, and sociodemographic factors in depressed patients differentiate patients with only suicidal thoughts from those who have attempted suicide. We investigated two groups of patients with an affective disorder: 198 patients with a suicide attempt within the last 3 months (sex ratio male to female, 1:1.3; mean age male to female, 44.8/44.7 years) and 30 patients without a suicide attempt but with suicidal thoughts (sex ratio male to female, 1:2; mean age male to female, 39...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221086/cassandra-s-regret-the-psychology-of-not-wanting-to-know
#19
Gerd Gigerenzer, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
Ignorance is generally pictured as an unwanted state of mind, and the act of willful ignorance may raise eyebrows. Yet people do not always want to know, demonstrating a lack of curiosity at odds with theories postulating a general need for certainty, ambiguity aversion, or the Bayesian principle of total evidence. We propose a regret theory of deliberate ignorance that covers both negative feelings that may arise from foreknowledge of negative events, such as death and divorce, and positive feelings of surprise and suspense that may arise from foreknowledge of positive events, such as knowing the sex of an unborn child...
March 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210539/participation-in-preventive-health-check-ups-among-19-351-women-in-germany
#20
Stefanie Schülein, Katherine J Taylor, Dirk Schriefer, Maria Blettner, Stefanie J Klug
In Germany, a biennial preventive health check-up has been available for individuals aged 35 and older since 1989. The check-up includes identification of cardiovascular disease risk factors and examinations for diabetes mellitus type 2 and kidney disease. Participation in preventive health check-ups among 19,351 women aged 35 to 74 in Germany in 2004 was investigated. Logistic regression was performed to examine associations between participation and age, marital status, education, socio-economic status (SES) and region of residence...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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