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Fahad D Alosaimi, Mujahid Bukhari, Maram Altuwirqi, Mohamad Habous, Khaled Madbouly, Zeinab Abotalib, Saleh Binsaleh
The objective of the study was to evaluate the differences in psychosocial distress and coping mechanisms among infertile men and women in Saudi Arabia (SA). We performed a cross-sectional study of infertile patients (206 women and 200 men) attending infertility clinics in three referral hospitals in Riyadh, SA. A semi-structured questionnaire was developed to assess socio-demographic, clinical and psychosocial variables. Infertility-related psychosocial pressures were reported in 79 (39.7%) male and 97 (47...
October 25, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Matthew E Dupre, Alicia Nelson
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and nearly one million Americans will have a heart attack this year. Although the risks associated with a heart attack are well established, we know surprisingly little about how marital factors contribute to survival in adults afflicted with heart disease. This study uses a life course perspective and longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study to examine how various dimensions of marital life influence survival in U.S. older adults who suffered a heart attack (n = 2197)...
October 15, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Karen H Wang, Joseph L Goulet, Constance M Carroll, Melissa Skanderson, Samah Fodeh, Joseph Erdos, Julie A Womack, Erica A Abel, Harini Bathulapalli, Amy C Justice, Marcella Nunez-Smith, Cynthia A Brandt
BACKGROUND: Healthcare mobility, defined as healthcare utilization in more than one distinct healthcare system, may have detrimental effects on outcomes of care. We characterized healthcare mobility and associated characteristics among a national sample of Veterans. METHODS: Using the Veterans Health Administration Electronic Health Record, we conducted a retrospective cohort study to quantify healthcare mobility within a four year period. We examined the association between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and healthcare mobility, and characterized possible temporal and geographic patterns of healthcare mobility...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Chao Wu, Ping Chen, Jian-Jun Qian, Sheng-Jie Jin, Jie Yao, Xiao-Dong Wang, Dou-Sheng Bai, Guo-Qing Jiang
Marital status has been reported as an independent prognostic factor for survival in various cancers, but it has been rarely studied in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated by surgical resection. We retrospectively investigated Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) population-based data and identified 13,408 cases of HCC with surgical treatment between 1998 and 2013. The patients were categorized according to marital status, as "married," "never married," "widowed," or "divorced/separated." The 5-year HCC cause-specific survival (HCSS) data were obtained, and Kaplan-Meier methods and multivariate Cox regression models were used to ascertain whether marital status is also an independent prognostic factor for survival in HCC...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Pierre Force
This article offers a critical discussion of Pocock's analysis of the relationship between Gibbon and Voltaire, and particularly the extent to which Decline and Fall was inspired by Voltaire's Essai sur les moeurs. It shows that "Momigliano's hypothesis" about the divorce of philosophy and erudition and their reconciliation in Gibbon was initially a commentary by Momigliano on Voltaire's historical work. It argues that the "Momiglianian model" plays a central role in Pocock's argument in Barbarism and Religion...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
S A Stansfeld, C Clark, M Smuk, C Power, T Davidson, B Rodgers
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversity predicts adolescent suicidal ideation but there are few studies examining whether the risk of childhood adversity extends to suicidal ideation in midlife. We hypothesized that childhood adversity predicts midlife suicidal ideation and this is partially mediated by adolescent internalizing disorders, externalizing disorders and adult exposure to life events and interpersonal difficulties. METHOD: At 45 years, 9377 women and men from the UK 1958 British Birth Cohort Study participated in a clinical survey...
October 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Anita Strezova, Sheila O'Neill, Cathy O'Callaghan, Astrid Perry, Jinzhu Liu, John Eden
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the attitudes to, and experience of, menopause among Macedonian women living in Australia, including attitudes and responses to hormone therapy (HT) and complementary therapies, as well as related psycho-sexual, relationship and other midlife issues. METHODS: Using qualitative methodology, the study was based on seven unstructured, nondirective group discussions. Natural social groups were recruited, meeting wherever each group felt most at home...
October 10, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Selwin S Audhoe, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Jan L Hoving, Judith K Sluiter, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the barriers to and solutions for return to work (RTW) from the perspective of unemployed workers who were sick-listed due to mental health problems. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 25 sick-listed unemployed workers with mental health problems. Qualitative data analysis was performed, using a process of identifying, coding, and categorising the patterns in data. RESULTS: All workers experienced multiple problems in different domains of life related to their disease, personal circumstances (e...
October 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Olli Kiviruusu, Noora Berg, Taina Huurre, Hillevi Aro, Mauri Marttunen, Ari Haukkala
This study investigated the association between interpersonal conflicts and the trajectory of self-esteem from adolescence to mid-adulthood. The directionality of effects between self-esteem and interpersonal conflicts was also studied. Participants of a Finnish cohort study in 1983 at age 16 (N = 2194) were followed up at ages 22 (N = 1656), 32 (N = 1471) and 42 (N = 1334) using postal questionnaires. Measures covered self-esteem and interpersonal conflicts including, conflicts with parents, friends, colleagues, superiors, partners, break-ups with girl/boyfriends, and divorces...
2016: PloS One
Larry Applewhite, Derrick Arincorayan, Barry Adams
This exploratory study examines the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in soldiers who sought behavioral health support during a combat deployment. We conducted a secondary analysis of data extracted from two studies on the basis of retrospective reviews of behavioral health records of soldiers deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Of 162 clinical samples, 135 (83%) reported at least one type of childhood adversity. ACE scores ranged from 0 to 9 with a mean of 3 (standard deviation = 2.4) and mode of 0...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Anne P Glass
Social isolation has serious negative public health impacts for older adults. Survey data were collected at three resident-managed elder intentional neighborhoods in the U.S. (n = 59), to determine if these neighborhoods, each based on the cohousing model, promote development of social resources for their residents. Social resources were measured on three dimensions: social networks, neighborly support, and satisfaction with the neighborhood community. Respondents were white, mean age of 73.3 (range = 63-91), primarily female (76...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Anat Moed, Theodore Dix, Edward R Anderson, Shannon M Greene
Research is unclear about when expressing negative emotions to children performs valuable socialization and regulatory functions and when, instead, it undermines children's adjustment. In this study, we isolated 1 kind of negative expression to test the aversion sensitivity hypothesis: that rapid increases in mothers' negativity as a function of increases in the aversiveness of children's behavior are uniquely problematic for children. During multiple assessments of a divorcing sample over 2 years (N = 284), 12-min interactions between mothers and their 4- to 11-year-old children were recorded...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Michael R Langlais, Edward R Anderson, Shannon M Greene
Repartnering has been linked to health benefits for mothers, yet few studies have examined relationship quality in this context. According to the divorce-stress-adaptation perspective, relationship quality may influence the relationship between maternal well-being and dating after divorce. The current study examines the consequences of dating, relationship quality, and dating transitions (breaking up and dating new partners) on maternal well-being (negative affect and life satisfaction). Using monthly surveys completed by mothers over a two-year period after filing for divorce, we examined changes in intercepts and slopes of dating status and transitions for maternal well-being while also testing the effects of relationship quality...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Orly Sarid, Richard Isralowitz, Mor Yehudai, Alexander Reznik
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of information about mothers in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), their parental stress, and suicidal ideation. AIM: To evaluate parenting stress and suicidal ideation among heroin-dependent mothers in MMT. METHOD: The study was conducted at an MMT center. Inclusion criteria were mothers with at least one child between 6-12 years of age. Mothers (n = 41) were interviewed about their background characteristics, drug use, parenting stress, and suicide ideation...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
Harris Hyun-Soo Kim, Sun Joo Grace Ahn
The main objective of our study is to assess the relationship between playing online video games and mental wellbeing of adolescents based on a nationally representative sample. Data come from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS), a government-funded multiyear research project. Through a secondary analysis of W2 and W3 of data collected in 2011 and 2012, we examine the extent to which time spent playing online games is related to depression, as measured by a battery of items modeled after the abridged version of Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Revised (CESD-R)...
October 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Ashish Chogle, Carlo A Velasco-Benitez, Ilan J Koppen, Jairo E Moreno, Carmen R Ramírez Hernández, Miguel Saps
OBJECTIVE: To perform a population-based study with Rome III criteria to describe the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children in Colombia. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a multicity cross-sectional study to investigate the epidemiology of FGIDs in children 0-48 months of age using the Rome III criteria in Colombia. Children with organic medical diseases were excluded. Parents provided demographic information and completed the Spanish version of the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms for Infants & Toddlers...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Laura A Reese, Mark Skidmore, William Dyar, Erika Rosebrook
Companion animal overpopulation is a growing problem in the United States. In addition to strays, an average of 324,500 nonhuman animals are relinquished to shelters yearly by their caregivers due to family disruption (divorce, death), foreclosure, economic problems, or minor behavioral issues. As a result, estimates of animals in shelters range from 3 million to 8 million, and due to overcrowding, euthanasia is common. This analysis seeks to determine the appropriate pricing mechanisms to clear animal shelters of dogs in the manner most desirable-that is, through adoption...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Nicole A Short, Kelly Fuller, Aaron M Norr, Norman B Schmidt
Despite the well-documented efficacy of cognitive behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders, the acceptability of these treatments remains an under-researched area. A better understanding of acceptability could help to improve the initiation of, and engagement in, these effective interventions. Recent research has suggested computerized interventions of anxiety-related risk factors may be one way to improve acceptability and overcome several common barriers to treatment. Considering this, the current study tested the acceptability of a computerized, anxiety sensitivity (AS)-focused treatment among a sample of treatment-seeking community participants and military veterans (N = 58)...
October 7, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Lourdes M DelRosso, Justin Liegmann, Romy Hoque
A 17-year-old girl presented for evaluation of auditory hallucinations that started 3 months ago when she had to move away from her father's home. The parents divorced a year ago. The patient experienced considerable anxiety about her parents' divorce and moving in with her mother. The hallucinations occurred a few minutes after closing her eyes at bedtime, lasted for less than a minute, and initially occurred every night. She heard 2-3 different voices, belonging to either family members or friends, which would either speak to her or speak to each other...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Slavica Arsova, Nensi Manusheva, Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Stojan Bajraktarov
BACKGROUND: World statistical data show that a large number of individuals suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after exposure to the intense traumatic event. PTSD can have a chronic course with enduring changes in the functioning of the person. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report two adult individuals of different gender and education who were exposed to the extremely severe stressful event after which difficulties in psychological functioning developed...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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