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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447196/the-axon-degeneration-gene-sarm1-is-evolutionarily-distinct-from-other-tir-domain-containing-proteins
#1
Harsha Malapati, Spencer M Millen, William J Buchser
Many forms of neurodegenerative disease are characterized by Wallerian degeneration, an active program of axonal destruction. Recently, the important player which enacts Wallerian degeneration was discovered, the multidomain protein SARM1. Since the SARM1 protein has classically been thought of as an innate immune molecule, its role in Wallerian degeneration has raised questions on the evolutionary forces acting on it. Here, we synthesize a picture of SARM1's evolution through various organisms by examining the molecular and genetic changes of SARM1 and the genes around it...
April 26, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445591/screening-endoscopy-finds-high-prevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori-and-intestinal-metaplasia-in-korean-american-with-limited-access-to-health-care
#2
Yanghee Woo, Carolyn E Behrendt, Garrick Trapp, Jae Geun Hyun, Tamas Gonda, Yuman Fong, Timothy Wang
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is the leading cause of cancer death among Korean Americans. Prevention and early detection is improved by screening. METHODS: Between September 2013 and March 2015, ethnic Koreans age 40 or older without history or symptoms of GC and without upper endoscopy (UE) during previous 3 years were enrolled. Participants were offered screening with GC risk assessment followed by UE with biopsies. RESULTS: Risk assessment was provided to 146 participants (age 55...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444518/video-based-approach-to-engaging-parents-into-a-preventive-parenting-intervention-for-divorcing-families-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Emily B Winslow, Sanford Braver, Robert Cialdini, Irwin Sandler, Jennifer Betkowski, Jenn-Yun Tein, Liza Hita, Mona Bapat, Lorey Wheeler, Monique Lopez
The public health impact of evidence-based, preventive parenting interventions has been severely constrained by low rates of participation when interventions are delivered under natural conditions. It is critical that prevention scientists develop effective and feasible parent engagement methods. This study tested video-based methods for engaging parents into an evidence-based program for divorcing parents. Three alternative versions of a video were created to test the incremental effectiveness of different theory-based engagement strategies based on social influence and health behavior models...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441983/association-between-depression-and-asthma-in-korean-adults
#4
Seoheui Choi, Sung Hoon Kim, Ju Suk Lee
PURPOSE: Asthma is a one of the most common allergic diseases, and depression is an important comorbidity with asthma. However, little is known about the prevalence of depression in Korean adults with asthma. This study was performed to find the association between asthma and depression in Korean adults and to investigate the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics in Korean adults with asthma and with depression. METHODS: Data were acquired from 47,351 men and women, ages >19 years, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted from 2007 to 2014...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439622/long-term-impacts-of-parental-migration-on-chinese-children-s-psychosocial-well-being-mitigating-and-exacerbating-factors
#5
Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Leah Li, Xudong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
PURPOSE: Prolonged separation from migrant parents raises concerns for the well-being of 60 million left behind children (LBC) in rural China. This study aimed to investigate the impact of current and previous parental migration on child psychosocial well-being, with a focus on emotional and behavioral outcomes, while considering factors in family care and support. METHODS: Children were recruited from schools in migrant-sending rural areas in Zhejiang and Guizhou provinces by random stratified sampling...
April 24, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439148/do-you-have-anything-to-hide-infidelity-related-behaviors-on-social-media-sites-and-marital-satisfaction
#6
Brandon T McDaniel, Michelle Drouin, Jaclyn D Cravens
Social media provides one route to behaviors that may be potentially harmful to romantic relationships, such as communicating with alternative partners, which can sometimes create relationship conflict, breakups, or divorce. Limited empirical evidence exists concerning social media infidelity-related behaviors and marital relationships. This study examined whether married/cohabiting individuals are using social media sites to engage in online infidelity-related behaviors and to what extent this related to relationship satisfaction, ambivalence, and relational attachment characteristics as reported by 338 married/cohabiting individuals from 176 families...
January 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437122/childhood-family-characteristics-and-prescription-drug-misuse-in-a-national-sample-of-latino-adults
#7
Ellen L Vaughan, Mary Waldron, Marcel A de Dios, James Richter, Miguel Ángel Cano
Prescription drug misuse is a growing public health concern and has been understudied in Latino populations. The current study tests the relationships between childhood and family characteristics and prescriptions drug misuse among adult Latinos. A subsample of 8,308 Latinos from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were examined. Logistic regression analyses tested associations between parental alcoholism, parental divorce before age 18, and parental death before age 18 and prescription drug misuse and prescription drug use disorder...
April 24, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#8
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419498/perceptions-and-experiences-of-marriage-preparation-among-u-s-muslims-multiple-voices-from-the-community
#9
Amal Killawi, Elham Fathi, Iman Dadras, Manijeh Daneshpour, Arij Elmi, Hamada Altalib
Although Muslims in the United States are a growing population, there is limited research on their relational patterns and how they prepare for marriage. We conducted in-depth interviews with 32 members of the Muslim community in Southeast Michigan including married individuals, divorced individuals, therapists, and imams (Muslim religious leaders) to explore their perceptions and experiences of marriage preparation. Our analysis revealed that marriage preparation varies but is less likely to involve a requirement of premarital counseling, with imams being the primary providers, not therapists...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407452/uptake-and-performance-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-and-early-infant-diagnosis-in-pregnant-hiv-infected-women-and-their-exposed-infants-at-seven-health-centres-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#10
Marshet Girma, Rahel Wendaferash, Hailu Shibru, Yemane Berhane, Michael Hoelscher, Arne Kroidl
OBJECTIVE: To assess the uptake of WHO-recommended PMTCT procedures in Ethiopia's health services. METHODS: Prospective observational study of HIV-positive pregnant mothers and their newborns attending PMTCT services at seven health centres in Addis Ababa. Women were recruited during antenatal care and followed-up with their newborns at delivery, day 6 and week 6 postpartum. Retention to PMCTC procedures, self-reported ART adherence, and HIV infant outcome were assessed...
April 13, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404489/the-effectiveness-of-suicide-prevention-programmes-urban-and-gender-disparity-in%C3%A2-age-specific-suicide-rates-in-a-taiwanese-population
#11
F-W Lung, S-C Liao, C-Y Wu, M-B Lee
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of suicide prevention programmes is an important issue worldwide today. The impact of urbanization and gender is controversial in suicide rates. Hence, this study adjusted on potential risk factors and secular changes for suicide rates in gender and rural/urban areas. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: A Suicide Prevention Center was established by the Executive Yuan in Taiwan in 2005 and tried to carry out suicidal intervention in the community in every city and town...
March 30, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403231/media-effects-on-suicide-methods-a-case-study-on-hong-kong-1998-2005
#12
Qijin Cheng, Feng Chen, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that mass media's reports of new suicide methods will increase suicides using the same method. The same pattern seems not to apply to a conventional suicide method, unless it was used by a celebrity. OBJECTIVE: 1) to examine media effects on both new and non-new suicide methods during 1998 and 2005 in Hong Kong (HK), when a new method by burning charcoal (CB suicide) was spreading in the region. 2) to examine how CB competed with non-CB methods in terms of media coverage and "recruiting" suicidal persons in the socio-economic context...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402074/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-depression-in-the-empty-nest-elderly-from-the-sichuan-longmenshan-fault-earthquake
#13
Jiuping Xu, Yang Sun, Ziqi Wang
AIM: There have been few recent studies that have systematically investigated the risk factors for psychological illnesses caused by earthquakes in the empty nest elderly. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for depression in this special group in the hardest hit areas of the 2008 Sichuan Longmenshan fault Earthquake. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 severely damaged counties from Oct 2015 to Jan 2016 on 1,783 empty nesters, all of whom completed the Geriatric Depression Scale and the Social Support Rating Scale...
April 12, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399352/socioeconomic-characteristics-health-risk-factors-and-alcohol-consumption-among-the-homeless-in-north-eastern-part-of-poland
#14
Jerzy Romaszko, Robert Kuchta, Cezary Opalach, Anna Bertrand-Bucińska, Anna Maria Romaszko, Beata Giergielewicz-Januszko, Adam Buciński
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is a form of social pathology, which is for various reasons undesirable and as far as possible limited by efforts such as programmes that assist in transitioning out of homelessness. Because, as time passes, the homeless population undergoes both quantitative and qualitative changes, the process of developing these programmes requires up-to-date information on the extent and profile of this phenomenon that takes into account the characteristics of a given country...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395506/association-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ibd-with-depressive-symptoms-in-the-united-states-population-and-independent-predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-in-an-ibd-population-a-nhanes-study
#15
Sanjay Bhandari, Michael E Larson, Nilay Kumar, Daniel Stein
Background/Aims: There is a paucity of population-based studies on the association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and depression in the U.S. population. We sought to study this association using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database. Methods: We used NHANES data from 2009 to 2010. Our study included 190,269,933 U.S. adults without IBD and 2,325,226 with IBD. We sought to determine whether IBD is an independent risk factor for depressive symptoms (DS) in the U...
April 11, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395249/opioid-users-with-comorbid-hepatitis-c-spent-more-time-in-agonist-therapy-a-6-year-observational-study-in-taiwan
#16
Horng-Maw Chen, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Kun-Chia Chang, Kuan-Ying Lee, Ching-Ming Cheng
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent among opioid agonist therapy (OAT) patients, but little is known about long-term OAT use among this population. METHODS: Subjects diagnosed as opioid dependence were recruited from Mar. 2006 to Jul. 2008 in a psychiatry center in southern Taiwan with the OAT censored in 2012, and their socio-demographics, drug use characteristics, and markers of blood-borne infection were assessed at entry. Correlates with HCV infection and OAT retention were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390693/limitations-on-the-compensation-of-gamete-donors-a-public-opinion-survey
#17
Malinda S Lee, Leslie Farland, Stacey Missmer, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
OBJECTIVE: To determine public opinion on gamete donor compensation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based survey. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A nationally representative sample of 1,427 people in the United States. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Support for the compensation of gamete donors. RESULTS: Of 1,427 respondents, 51 (4%) disagreed with use of IVF for any indication, and 232 (16%) believed that oocyte and/or sperm donation to be always unacceptable...
April 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383311/musculoskeletal-pain-profile-of-obese-individuals-attending-a-multidisciplinary-weight-management-service
#18
Grace A MacLellan, Colin Dunlevy, Emer O'Malley, Catherine Blake, Cathy Breen, Karen Gaynor, Natalie Wallace, Ruth Yoder, Domhnall Casey, John Mehegan, Donal O'Shea, Brona M Fullen
Obesity is associated with numerous chronic diseases, including musculoskeletal (MSK) pain, which impacts on quality of life (QoL). There is, however, limited research providing a comprehensive MSK pain profile of an obese cohort. This retrospective study utilized a patient database at a national weight management service (WMS). Following ethical approval, anonymized patient data were statistically analyzed to develop a pain profile, investigate relationships between pain, sleep, and function, and explore variables associated with having low back pain (LBP) and knee pain...
April 5, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380147/-mental-disorders-and-participation-in-the-labor-market-a-multicenter-national-study-in-brazil
#19
Ada Ávila Assunção, Eduardo de Paula Lima, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
The objective was to explore the relationship between labor market participation and patient characteristics in a representative sample of 2,475 adults admitted to 26 Brazilian mental health institutions (15 Centers for Psychosocial Care and 11 hospitals). Socio-demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics were obtained with structured interviews. Multinomial regression was used. Increased likelihood of temporary absence from the work market was associated with female gender, single, divorced, or widowed conjugal status, lack of stable housing, and history of first admission or treatment before the age of 18...
April 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379431/barriers-to-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-the-united-kingdom-a-national-observational-study
#20
Diana A Wu, Matthew L Robb, Christopher J E Watson, John L R Forsythe, Charles R V Tomson, John Cairns, Paul Roderick, Rachel J Johnson, Rommel Ravanan, Damian Fogarty, Clare Bradley, Andrea Gibbons, Wendy Metcalfe, Heather Draper, Andrew J Bradley, Gabriel C Oniscu
Background.: Living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) provides more timely access to transplantation and better clinical outcomes than deceased donor kidney transplantation (DDKT). This study investigated disparities in the utilization of LDKT in the UK. Methods.: A total of 2055 adults undergoing kidney transplantation between November 2011 and March 2013 were prospectively recruited from all 23 UK transplant centres as part of the Access to Transplantation and Transplant Outcome Measures (ATTOM) study...
March 31, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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