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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231670/-factors-associated-with-marital-status-among-spouse-after-diagnosed-in-newly-reported-hiv-cases-in-china-2014
#1
J Li, J Xu, H L Tang, J Han, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the factors associated with divorce or separation when one of the spouse diagnosed and newly reported as HIV positive, in China. Methods: Data from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System, by December 31, 2015 were used for collection on newly reported HIV cases regarding their baseline information in 2014 and follow-up within one year, among couples and above 18 year olds. HIV cases were divided into divorce/separation group and married group according to their marriage dynamics in one year after being diagnosed as HIV positive...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225508/suicidal-ideation-vs-suicide-attempts-clinical-and-psychosocial-profile-differences-among-depressed-patients-a-study-on-personality-traits-psychopathological-variables-and-sociodemographic-factors-in-228-patients
#2
Ute Lewitzka, Sina Spirling, Dirk Ritter, Michael Smolka, Sarah Goodday, Michael Bauer, Werner Felber, Tom Bschor
This study investigated whether personality traits, psychopathological characteristics, and sociodemographic factors in depressed patients differentiate patients with only suicidal thoughts from those who have attempted suicide. We investigated two groups of patients with an affective disorder: 198 patients with a suicide attempt within the last 3 months (sex ratio male to female, 1:1.3; mean age male to female, 44.8/44.7 years) and 30 patients without a suicide attempt but with suicidal thoughts (sex ratio male to female, 1:2; mean age male to female, 39...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221086/cassandra-s-regret-the-psychology-of-not-wanting-to-know
#3
Gerd Gigerenzer, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
Ignorance is generally pictured as an unwanted state of mind, and the act of willful ignorance may raise eyebrows. Yet people do not always want to know, demonstrating a lack of curiosity at odds with theories postulating a general need for certainty, ambiguity aversion, or the Bayesian principle of total evidence. We propose a regret theory of deliberate ignorance that covers both negative feelings that may arise from foreknowledge of negative events, such as death and divorce, and positive feelings of surprise and suspense that may arise from foreknowledge of positive events, such as knowing the sex of an unborn child...
March 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210539/participation-in-preventive-health-check-ups-among-19-351-women-in-germany
#4
Stefanie Schülein, Katherine J Taylor, Dirk Schriefer, Maria Blettner, Stefanie J Klug
In Germany, a biennial preventive health check-up has been available for individuals aged 35 and older since 1989. The check-up includes identification of cardiovascular disease risk factors and examinations for diabetes mellitus type 2 and kidney disease. Participation in preventive health check-ups among 19,351 women aged 35 to 74 in Germany in 2004 was investigated. Logistic regression was performed to examine associations between participation and age, marital status, education, socio-economic status (SES) and region of residence...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208075/socioeconomic-and-air-pollution-correlates-of-adult-asthma-heart-attack-and-stroke-risks-in-the-united-states-2010-2013
#5
Louis Anthony Tony Cox
Asthma in the United States has become an important public health issue, with many physicians, regulators, and scientists elsewhere expressing concern that criterion air pollutants have contributed to a rising tide of asthma cases and symptoms. This paper studies recent associations (from 2008 to 2012) between self-reported asthma experiences and potential predictors, including age, sex, income, education, smoking, and county-level average annual ambient concentrations of ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198954/intimate-partner-violence-among-speaking-immigrant-adult-portuguese-women-in-canada
#6
Rafaella Queiroga Souto, Sepali Guruge, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa Merighi, Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus, Shaindel Egit, Linda Knowles
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to understand the experiences of intimate partner violence among women from Portuguese-speaking countries living in the Greater Toronto Area. METHOD: A social phenomenological study was conducted with ten Portuguese-speaking women who had experienced intimate partner violence who were selected by community centre leaders. The interviews were transcribed, translated and analysed by categories. RESULTS: The consequences of violence included health problems, effects on children, and negative feelings among the victims...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189078/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-diseases-in-eight-general-hospitals-in-jiangsu-province-of-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Xianmei Zhou, Jiashu Li, Wei Gu, Jian Wang, Yimin Zhu, Guicai Zhang, Yuanhua Ding, Yanfen Tang
Anxiety and depression are two common psychological disorders with high morbidity worldwide. Understanding of their prevalence of patients with chronic respiratory diseases is becoming more and more important for clinicians. The current study aims at investigation of the prevalence and potential risk factors of anxiety and depression among patients with chronic respiratory diseases. The psychological status, anxiety and depression, and the relevant risk factors of 1713 patients with chronic respiratory diseases from 8 general hospitals in Jiangsu Province of China were evaluated...
January 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188565/poor-quality-of-life-and-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder
#8
Louisa G Sylvia, Rebecca E Montana, Thilo Deckersbach, Michael E Thase, Maurcio Tohen, Noreen Reilly-Harrington, Melvin G McInnis, James H Kocsis, Charles Bowden, Joseph Calabrese, Keming Gao, Terence Ketter, Richard C Shelton, Susan L McElroy, Edward S Friedman, Dustin J Rabideau, Andrew A Nierenberg
BACKGROUND: This study explores the association of demographic and clinical features with quality of life and functioning in individuals with bipolar disorder. METHODS: Adult participants (N = 482) with bipolar I or II disorder were enrolled in a comparative effectiveness study across eleven study sites and completed baseline measures of medical and psychiatric history, current mood, quality of life, and functioning. Participants with at least mildly depressive or manic/hypomanic symptomatic severity were randomized to receive lithium or quetiapine in addition to adjunctive personalized treatment for 6 months...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181868/the-distributional-impact-of-social-security-policy-options
#9
Kenneth A Couch, Gayle L Reznik, Christopher R Tamborini, Howard M Iams
Using microsimulation, we estimate the effects of three policy proposals that would alter Social Security's eligibility rules or benefit structure to reflect changes in women's labor force activity, marital patterns, and differential mortality among the aged. First, we estimate a set of options related to the duration of marriage required to receive divorced spouse and survivor benefits. Second, we estimate the effects of an earnings sharing proposal with survivor benefits, in which benefits are based entirely on earned benefits with spouses sharing their earnings during years of marriage...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181867/marital-biography-social-security-receipt-and-poverty
#10
I-Fen Lin, Susan L Brown, Anna M Hammersmith
Increasingly, older adults are unmarried, which could mean a larger share is at risk of economic disadvantage. Using data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study, we chart the diverse range of marital biographies, capturing marital sequences and timing, of adults who are age eligible for Social Security and examine three indicators of economic well-being: Social Security receipt, Social Security benefit levels, and poverty status. Partnereds are disproportionately likely to receive Social Security and they enjoy relatively high Social Security benefits and very low poverty levels...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178993/perspectives-of-urban-ghanaian-women-on-vasectomy
#11
Ofeibea Asare, Easmon Otupiri, Joana Apenkwa, Rose Odotei-Adjei
BACKGROUND: Advocacy for male involvement in family planning has been championed over the years after the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). There are a few contraceptive methods for men, and vasectomy uptake has been identified as one of the indicators of male involvement in family planning. Vasectomy also known as male sterilization is a permanent form of contraception. It is a generally safe, quick, easy, effective surgical operation with rare complications to prevent release of sperm...
February 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178385/domestic-violence-in-pregnancy-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-the-pregnant-woman
#12
Fátima Susana Jesus Almeida, Emília Carvalho Coutinho, João Carvalho Duarte, Cláudia Margarida Balula Chaves, Paula Alexandra Batista Nelas, Odete Pereira Amaral, Vitória de Castro Parreira
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence (physical, psychological or sexual) during pregnancy and to characterise these women. BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are not immune to domestic violence (DV) and therefore may be subject to any form of physical, psychological or sexual violence by partners. Health professionals' knowledge and awareness is important in the identification and intervention of pregnant women who experience domestic violence...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171850/marital-status-as-a-predictor-of-diurnal-salivary-cortisol-levels-and-slopes-in-a-community-sample-of-healthy-adults
#13
Brian Chin, Michael L M Murphy, Denise Janicki-Deverts, Sheldon Cohen
Married people tend to be healthier than both the previously (bereaved, divorced, and separated) and never married, but the mechanisms through which this occurs remain unclear. To this end, research has increasingly focused on how psychological stress experienced by unmarried versus married individuals may differentially impact physiological systems related to health. One key system that is modulated by stress is the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, of which cortisol is a key hormonal product. Increased cortisol production and disruption of cortisol's daily rhythm have been linked to poorer health outcomes...
January 19, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171714/irritable-bowel-syndrome-is-concentrated-in-people-with-higher-educations-in-iran-an-inequality-analysis
#14
Asieh Mansouri, Mostafa Amini Rarani, Mosayeb Fallahi, Iman Alvandi
Purpose: Like any other health-related disorder, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) has a differential distribution by some socioeconomic factors. This study aimed to estimate and decompose the educational inequality in IBS. Methods: Sampling was performed through multi-stage random cluster sampling approach. The data of 1,850 residents of Kish Island aged 15 or older was included and determinants of IBS were identified using General Estimation Equation regression model...
February 1, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166759/sexual-health-status-of-women-who-have-regular-sexual-relations-with-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-mainland-china
#15
Xiufang Li, Beichuan Zhang, Juan Wang, Yang Li, Xianhong Li, Peiheng Yu, Minghua Liu, Xinqiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a high-risk group for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In China, the vast majority of MSM feel forced to marry or plan to marry women, according to traditional Chinese culture. Women who have regular sexual relations with MSM, called tongqi in mainland China, live with a high risk of STDs or HIV infection, but these risks are often ignored. Our investigation of this group of the women is a preliminary study that aims to understand the sexual health problems of tongqi and related factors...
February 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160607/overlap-between-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-functional-dyspepsia-including-subtype-analyses
#16
Yoon Jin Choi, Nayoung Kim, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Jin-Wook Kim, Yong Sung Kim, Dong Ho Lee, Hyun Chae Jung
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Coexistent gastrointestinal symptom profiles and prevalence or associated factors for the overlap between each functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) group remain unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinicodemographic features of FD, IBS, and IBS-FD overlap and assess the risk factors thereof, including subtype and genetic polymorphisms for IBS-FD. METHODS: Consecutive patients were enrolled from the outpatient Gastroenterology clinics of Bundang Seoul National University Hospitals in Korea...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156439/are-patients-with-cancer-concerned-about-burdening-their-families
#17
Kelly Choi, Ruth Pe Benito, Victoria DeVincenzo, Emily Sassano, Brooke Gruman, Katherine DeMarco, Jose Contreras, Kathryn Tanenbaum, Jennifer Covington, Dhakshila Paramanathan, Stuart L Goldberg
: 86 Background: A diagnosis of advanced cancer frequently thrusts family members into the role of caregiver. Although caregiver burdens have been well documented, less is known about the level of concern borne by the patient (pt) with cancer in placing a family member in this role, known as self-perceived burden (SPB). METHODS: As part of the larger "Living with Cancer" project we prospectively surveyed 1307 pts with advanced malignancies receiving treatment with non-curative intent at 17 New Jersey cancer programs within the Regional Cancer Care Associates network between Sept 2015 and Apr 2016...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154893/loneliness-and-depression-in-the-elderly-the-role-of-social-network
#18
Joan Domènech-Abella, Elvira Lara, Maria Rubio-Valera, Beatriz Olaya, Maria Victoria Moneta, Laura Alejandra Rico-Uribe, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Jordi Mundó, Josep Maria Haro
PURPOSE: Loneliness and depression are associated, in particular in older adults. Less is known about the role of social networks in this relationship. The present study analyzes the influence of social networks in the relationship between loneliness and depression in the older adult population in Spain. METHODS: A population-representative sample of 3535 adults aged 50 years and over from Spain was analyzed. Loneliness was assessed by means of the three-item UCLA Loneliness Scale...
February 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150978/self-esteem-across-the-second-half-of-life-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-physical-health-social-relationships-and-personality-factors
#19
Tilmann von Soest, Jenny Wagner, Thomas Hansen, Denis Gerstorf
Self-esteem development across adulthood has been in the center of interest for some time now. However, not much is known about factors that shape self-esteem and its development in the second half of life and whether the factors differ with age and gender. To examine these questions, this study uses 2-wave data from the population-based NorLAG study in Norway (N = 5,555; Mage = 58 years; 51% women) and combines self-report data on self-esteem and personality with registry-based information on socioeconomic status (education, income, unemployment), health problems (sick leave, lifetime history of disability), and social relationships (cohabiting partner, lifetime history of divorce and widowhood)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149457/oral-health-literacy-how-much-italian-people-know-about-the-dental-hygienist
#20
Roberto Pippi, Flavia Bagnato, Livia Ottolenghi
BACKGROUND: People with poor OHL have the highest level of oral diseases and the worst oral treatment results. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the degree of knowledge of the role of the dental hygienist in patients who go to a public dental facility for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to the patients with the "face-to-face" mode during a 12-month period. The principal component analysis, the general linear model and the chi-square test were used for the statistical analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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