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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160434/brazilian-health-survey-2013-relation-between-alcohol-use-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-by-sex-in-brazil
#1
Ísis Eloah Machado, Maristela Goldnadel Monteiro, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Francisco Carlos Félix Lana
OBJECTIVE: To analyze sociodemographic factors associated with alcohol use according to gender in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data from 2013 Brazilian Health Survey about 60,202 adults. We analyzed recent alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking in the 30 days prior to the research stratified by gender. The covariates were: age, educational level, skin color, marital status, and place of residence. RESULTS: The prevalence of recent alcohol use was 26...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157515/legal-capacity-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-ethiopia-the-need-to-reform-existing-legal-frameworks
#2
Mohammed Hamza Marishet
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) prohibited deprivation legal capacity of persons with disability based on assessment of mental capacity. The assertion is that, persons with disabilities shall exercise their legal capacity in all aspects of life without any restrictions that are based on mental incapacity (such as, unsoundness of mind, deficit in mental capacity, dotage, etc. This approach signifies a shift from substituted decision making, where another person act on behalf of persons with mental disabilities, to supported decision making where the person with mental disability is assisted in decision making...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156784/marital-status-and-survival-of-patients-with-kidney-cancer
#3
Tingru Miao, Yufeng Li, Xiaoli Sheng, Dingguo Yao
Background: The relationship between marital status and prognosis of kidney cancer has not been explored in detail. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of marital status on survival outcomes in kidney cancer. Methods: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program to identify 112860 patients with kidney cancer diagnosed in 2004 through 2013. Kaplan-Meier methods and multivariable Cox regression models were used to analyze the influence of marital status on overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS)...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155948/predictors-of-fatigue-and-work-ability-in-cancer-survivors
#4
P van Muijen, S F A Duijts, K Bonefaas-Groenewoud, A J van der Beek, J R Anema
Background: Workers diagnosed with cancer are at risk for job loss or work disability. Aims: To determine predictors of fatigue and work ability at 36 months after diagnosis in a population of cancer survivors. Methods: Individuals diagnosed with cancer and who applied for work disability benefit at 24 months of sick leave were surveyed at the time of application and again 12 months later. Fatigue was measured using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness-Fatigue scale questionnaire and work ability was measured using the work ability index...
November 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155917/associations-between-divorce-and-onset-of-drug-abuse-in-a-swedish-national-sample
#5
Alexis C Edwards, Sara Larsson Lönn, Jan Sundquist, Kenneth S Kendler, Kristina Sundquist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155847/context-and-culture-associated-with-alcohol-use-amongst-youth-in-major-urban-cities-a-cross-country-population-based-survey
#6
Anne W Taylor, Bridgette M Bewick, Alfred B Makanjuola, Ling Qian, Valentina V Kirzhanova, Paulo Alterwain
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption patterns are dependent upon culture and context. The aim of this study was to interview people aged 18-34 year old living in four cities in different regions of the world to explore differences in a range of alcohol measures to assist in determining culturally appropriate alcohol initiatives for this age group. METHOD: Multistage random sampling was consistent across the four cities (Ilorin (Nigeria), Wuhan (China), Montevideo (Uruguay) and Moscow (Russia))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146553/impact-of-marital-status-on-outcomes-following-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#7
Moo Hyun Kim, Kwang Min Lee, Soo Jin Kim, So Yeon Kim, Jong Seong Park, Young Rak Cho, Kyungil Park, Tae Ho Park, Young Dae Kim, Victor Serebruany
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders, depression, and loneliness are established risk factors for thrombotic occlusions. Social relationships in general, and marital status in particular may play a role in predicting cardiovascular outcomes and survival after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), but the evidence is inconclusive especially in Asians. METHODS: The Korean patients presented with STEMI (n=980) constituted married (n=780); or widowed, divorced, or single (WDS, n=200) groups...
July 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143134/reduced-population-size-does-not-affect-the-mating-strategy-of-a-vulnerable-and-endemic-seabird
#8
Cristina Nava, Verónica C Neves, Malvina Andris, Marie-Pierre Dubois, Philippe Jarne, Mark Bolton, Joël Bried
Bottleneck episodes may occur in small and isolated animal populations, which may result in decreased genetic diversity and increased inbreeding, but also in mating strategy adjustment. This was evaluated in the vulnerable and socially monogamous Monteiro's Storm-petrel Hydrobates monteiroi, a seabird endemic to the Azores archipelago which has suffered a dramatic population decline since the XVth century. To do this, we conducted a genetic study (18 microsatellite markers) in the population from Praia islet, which has been monitored over 16 years...
November 15, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136745/-willingness-and-influencing-factors-of-using-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-301-men-have-sex-with-men-in-wuhan-city-2015
#9
P Y Xie, X Wang, P L Liu, X D Tan, W Zhou
Objective: To understand willingness and influencing factors of using pre-exposure prophylaxis (Pr-EP) among men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: Snow ball sampling was employed to recruit MSM in the social spaces (like bars and bathrooms) with focused activities by MSM and internet (QQ and Wechat) in Wuhan between August and November, 2015. 304 MSM were considered eligible when they were self-identified MSM and has had sex with men in the previous 12 months, over the age of 18 and have full civil liability...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136742/-antiretroviral-treatment-discontinuation-and-its-influencing-factors-among-hiv-infected-patients-who-initiated-art-from-2012-to-2015-in-wenshan-prefecture-yunnan-province
#10
X S Hu, Y Zhao, L L Huang, Y X Luo, Z Y Wu
Objective: To understand the antiretroviral treatment (ART) discontinuation rate and its influencing factors among HIV infected patients who initiated ART between 2012 and 2015 in Wenshan prefecture, Yunnan province. Methods: Demographic characteristics, baseline informations of ART, initial treatment regimens and follow-up status of a total of 4 354 patients who initiated ART from 2012 to 2015 in Wenshan prefecture were collected. A historical cohort study was used to describe the discontinuation incidence rate of ART...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136564/frustration-stress-unexpected-loss-of-alternative-reinforcement-increases-opioid-self-administration-in-a-model-of-recovery
#11
Brett C Ginsburg, R J Lamb
PURPOSE: Engaging in alternative activities in the context where opioid use had occurred can constrain opioid use and helps to maintain recovery. However, "frustration stress" that occurs when contingencies on these alternative activities unexpectedly change (e.g., job loss or divorce) is thought to threaten recovery by prompting a return to drug use. Yet it remains unclear whether frustration stress can result in a return to drug use, and if so, whether it returns to prior levels or to even greater levels...
November 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132496/relationship-issues-and-high-divorce-rate-among-surgeons
#12
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Mariam Tariq Awana, Muhammad Aadil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130347/editorial-comment-on-end-2017-0641-ra-r1
#13
Joel Gustavo Gómez-Núñez
The manuscript by Matlaga et al titled "Ureteroscopic Laser Lithotripsy: A Review of Dusting Versus Fragmentation With Extraction" was first intended for a meta-analysis publication, but because limited data published, it became an interesting review article focused in the current debate about which of the so described laser urinary lithotripsy "Fragmentation with Extraction" and "Dusting" techniques is better. Authors do an effort to homologize terminology and nomenclature and list the most efficient energy settings used in clinical scenario on the "Fragmentation with Extraction" [(Frequency 12-15 Hz (< 30 watt laser) >50Hz (100/120 watt laser) / Energy 0...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126458/epidemiology-of-hypertension-in-fulani-indigenous-populations-age-gender-and-drivers
#14
Clement Kufe Nyuyki, George Ngufor, George Mbeh, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a public health problem and the main contributor to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Little is known about hypertension among the minority, diverse and socially disadvantaged 23-24 million Fulani/Peul populations dispersed in West, Central and East Africa, undergoing a transition from traditional to transitional and modern lifestyle. This study describes age and gender variations in blood pressure and drivers of hypertension among rural Fulani population of Cameroon...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125484/general-practice-clinical-data-help-identify-dementia-hotspots-a-novel-geospatial-analysis-approach
#15
Nasser Bagheri, Kinley Wangdi, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kaarin J Anstey
We have a poor understanding of whether dementia clusters geographically, how this occurs, and how dementia may relate to socio-demographic factors. To shed light on these important questions, this study aimed to compute a dementia risk score for individuals to assess spatial variation of dementia risk, identify significant clusters (hotspots), and explore their association with socioeconomic status. We used clinical records from 16 general practices (468 Statistical Area level 1 s, N = 14,746) from the city of west Adelaide, Australia for the duration of 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2014...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124972/perinatal-and-familial-risk-factors-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-a-swedish-national-cohort
#16
Rasmus Waehrens, Xinjun Li, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist, Bengt Zöller
OBJECTIVE: Studies of the importance of perinatal factors for the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are sparse. We conducted a large national cohort study to examine perinatal and familial risk factors for IBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A national cohort of 1,963,685 persons who were born in Sweden in 1973-1992 (identified from the Swedish Birth Registry) were followed up for adult (18 years and older) IBS incidence in the Swedish Patient Register through 2010 (maximum age 38 years)...
November 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121001/tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2015
#17
Elyse Phillips, Teresa W Wang, Corinne G Husten, Catherine G Corey, Benjamin J Apelberg, Ahmed Jamal, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States (1). Despite declining cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults, shifts in the tobacco product landscape have occurred in recent years (2,3). Previous estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults were obtained from the National Adult Tobacco Survey, which ended after the 2013-2014 cycle. This year, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assessed the most recent national estimates of tobacco product use among adults aged ≥18 years using, for the first time, data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, nationally representative, in-person survey of the noninstitutionalized U...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120289/the-gendered-workplaces-of-women-garment-workers-in-istanbul
#18
Başak Can
Drawing on 20 semi-structured interviews with women garment workers in a low-income neighbourhood of Istanbul, and observations in the ateliers where they worked, this article examines their work experiences in the gendered and sexualised work atmosphere of garment workshops. There are three interrelated levels upon which the gender-related issues emerge in women garment workers' stories. The first set of discourses portrays young female garment workers in highly sexualised terms, and the second concerns the use of kinship vocabulary and avoidance of impersonal work relationships...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117649/use-of-alternative-and-complementary-medicine-in-patients-with-malignant-diseases-in-high-volume-cancer-center-and-future-aspects
#19
Davor Kust, Ivan Šamija, Jasmina Marić-Brozić, Branka Svetec, Marija Miletić, Gordana Mamić, Ante Bolanča, Zvonko Kusić, Ana Fröbe
Usage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is steadily increasing over the last decades, gaining medical, economic and sociological importance. The aim of the present study was to assess the use of complementary and alternative therapies in cancer patients. A cross-sectional, descriptive survey design was used to collect data through an anonymous questionnaire. A total of 267 patients were included in the study. The prevalence of CAM use among cancer patients in this study was 60.3%. It was found that 61 heterogeneous CAM therapies were used, the most popular among patients being naturopathy/folk medicine...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117216/predictors-of-unmet-health-care-needs-in-serbia-analysis-based-on-eu-silc-data
#20
Natasa Popovic, Zorica Terzic-Supic, Snezana Simic, Biljana Mladenovic
Unmet health care needs have been designated as an indicator of equality in access to health care, which provides insight into specific barriers faced by respondents when they need medical services. The purpose of this research was to analyze demographic, socioeconomic, regional characteristics and perception of the health status; and identify predictors of unmet health care needs and consequently determine the size of inequalities in the availability, accessibility and acceptability of health care. The cross-sectional study obtained data from the Survey on Income and Living Conditions in the Republic of Serbia in 2014, based on a sample of 20,069 respondents over 16 years...
2017: PloS One
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