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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919597/quality-of-life-in-children-with-asthma-in-bangladesh
#1
M R Hassan, S Kabir, A E Basher, M A Rahman, M A Islam, M K Khan, M S Basher
Asthma is a public health problem that adversely affects different aspects of quality of life. Childhood asthma is common in Bangladesh affecting their lifestyle. The objective of the study was to assess health-related quality of life in children with bronchial asthma. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out from January 2014 to December 2014 at the Outpatient Department of National Asthma Centre, Mohakhali, Dhaka among hundred sixty-two purposively selected children of both sexes with bronchial asthma aged from 7 to 17 years...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917196/possible-predictors-of-age-at-illness-onset-and-illness-duration-in-a-cohort-study-comparing-younger-adults-and-older-major-affective-patients
#2
Gianluca Serafini, Xenia Gonda, Fiammetta Monacelli, Matteo Pardini, Maurizio Pompili, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore
BACKGROUND: Major affective conditions are associated with significant disability and psychosocial impairment. Whether specific socio-demographic and clinical characteristics may distinguish subgroups of patients in terms of prognosis and illness trajectories is a matter of debate. METHODS: The sample of this naturalistic cohort study included 675 currently euthymic patients with major affective disorders of which 428 (63.4%) were diagnosed with unipolar and 247 (36...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916030/fellowship-candidate-selection-at-the-best-medical-center-a-novel-process
#3
Philip R Cohen
Dr. Ida Lystic completed her MD degree at the prestigious Harvey Medical School (which has since been renamed the Harvey Provider School) and her residency in internal medicine and gastroenterology fellowship at the OTHER (Owen T. Henry and Eugene Rutherford) Medical Center. She was subsequently hired as an assistant professor at the BEST (Byron Edwards and Samuel Thompson) Medical Center in 2015. After eventually completing an extensive list of employment requirements, she was able to begin seeing patients...
September 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913663/effects-of-a-program-to-promote-high-quality-parenting-by-divorced-and-separated-fathers
#4
Irwin Sandler, Heather Gunn, Gina Mazza, Jenn-Yun Tein, Sharlene Wolchik, Cady Berkel, Sarah Jones, Michele Porter
This paper reports on the effects on parenting and on children's mental health problems and competencies from a randomized trial of a parenting program for divorced and separated fathers. The program, New Beginnings Program-Dads (NBP-Dads), includes ten group sessions (plus two phone sessions) which promote parenting skills to increase positive interactions with children, improve father-child communication, use of effective discipline strategies, and skills to protect children from exposure to interparental conflict...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912970/knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-of-home-based-management-of-diarrhea-among-caregivers-of-children-attending-under-five-clinic-in-fagita-lekoma-district-awi-zone-amhara-regional-state-northwest-ethiopia-2016
#5
Bogale Kassahun Desta, Nega Tezera Assimamaw, Tesfaye Demeke Ashenafi
INTRODUCTION: In Ethiopia, it is the second cause for clinical presentation among under five-year child population. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to assess knowledge, practice, and associated factors of home-based management of diarrhea among caregivers of children attending the under-five clinic. METHODS: Institution based quantitative cross-sectional study was carried out from March 1, 2016, to April 22, 2016. RESULTS: Two hundred eight (56...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900753/fertility-treatment-for-the-transgender-community-a-public-opinion-study
#6
Randi H Goldman, Daniel J Kaser, Stacey A Missmer, Leslie V Farland, Scout, Rachel K Ashby, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate public opinion regarding fertility treatment and gamete cryopreservation for transgender individuals and identify how support varies by demographic characteristics. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional web-based survey study completed by a representative sample of 1111 US residents aged 18-75 years. Logistic regression was used to calculate odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of support for/opposition to fertility treatments for transgender people by demographic characteristics, adjusting a priori for age, gender, race, and having a biological child...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899143/book-review-the-unhappy-divorce-of-sociology-and-psychoanalysis-diverse-perspectives-on-the-psychosocial-the-unhappy-divorce-of-sociology-and-psychoanalysis-diverse-perspectives-on-the-psychosocial-edited-by-chancer-lynn-andrews-john-new-york-palgrave-macmillan
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895952/-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-mortality-due-to-all-causes-in-the-working-age-population-of-poland-in-2002-and-2011
#8
Małgorzata Pikala, Irena Maniecka-Bryła
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of education, marital status, employment status and place of residence on mortality in the working age population of Poland in 2002 and 2011. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All deaths of Poland's inhabitants aged 25-64, in 2002 (N = 97 004) and 2011 (N = 104 598) were analyzed. For individual socio-economic groups standardized mortality rates (SDR) per 100 000 and rate ratio (RR) were calculated. RESULTS: In the group of economically inactive men SDR decreased from 2244...
September 12, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894514/prevalence-and-correlates-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-southern-iran-pars-cohort-study
#9
Zohre Khodamoradi, Abdullah Gandomkar, Hossein Poustchi, Alireza Salehi, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh, Arash Etemadi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing worldwide. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of GERD in Pars Cohort Study (PCS) and to find its correlates. METHODS We used the baseline data from PCS. PCS was conducted in the district of Valashahr in Fars province in southern Iran from 2012 to 2014. 9264 inhabitants who were 40-75 years old, and agreed to participate were enrolled. Data were collected by a structured questionnaire and simple physical examination of all participants...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890915/variation-in-the-link-between-parental-divorce-and-children-s-health-disadvantage-in-low-and-high-divorce-settings
#10
Emily Smith-Greenaway, Shelley Clark
Like in other world regions, children with divorced parents in sub-Saharan Africa experience significant heath disadvantages relative to their peers with married parents. Preliminary evidence suggests this disadvantage may not be uniform across the subcontinent's diverse settings. Research from other world regions shows that the childhood health consequences of divorce vary across different contexts. Specifically, we hypothesize that the childhood disadvantages associated with divorce are more severe in regions of sub-Saharan Africa where divorce is rare, and less so where divorce is a more common family experience...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889149/patterns-knowledge-and-barriers-of-mammography-use-among-women-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Rolina K Al-Wassia, Nada J Farsi, Leena A Merdad, Sara K Hagi
To assess mammography utilization and knowledge, and to determine barriers associated with mammography utilization among Saudi women. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 5 main geographic regions of Saudi Arabia from February 2015 to May 2015. The sample comprised women aged ≥40 years. Associations between socio-demographic factors and mammography use were tested using chi-square test. Predictors of mammography use were assessed by logistic regression. Results: A total of 3,245 women were surveyed, with 40% reporting ever having a mammogram...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887892/recoupling-in-mid-life-and-beyond-from-love-at-last-to-not-so-fast
#12
Patricia L Papernow
Divorce rates have dropped in the United States, except for couples over 50 where they are rising steeply, along with rates of late-life recoupling. Both stepcouples and their young adult and adult children in new older stepfamilies are often surprised to find themselves facing many of the same challenges that younger stepfamilies do. Some challenges are even intensified by the decades-long relationships and additional layers of extended family that come with recoupling after mid-life. Stepfamilies formed in later life must also negotiate decisions about estate planning and elder care among stakeholders who often have sharply divergent agendas before there is time to establish trusting relationships...
September 9, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887605/the-possible-protective-effect-of-marital-status-in-quality-of-life-among-elders-in-a-u-s-mexico-border-city
#13
Marisela Gutiérrez-Vega, Oscar Armando Esparza-Del Villar, Irene Concepción Carrillo-Saucedo, Priscila Montañez-Alvarado
The purpose of this study was to determine how marital status may have an impact on quality of life in a group of older adults living in a U.S.-Mexico border city. Two-hundred and seventy-six older adults completed the Spanish version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment, composed of four domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. Participants answered a measure of sociodemographic variables. In the psychological health component of quality of life, single and married older adults had the highest scores as compared to widowed and divorced...
September 8, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872391/health-for-older-adults-the-role-of-social-capital-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-by-living-arrangements
#14
Chia-Yuan Yu, Su-I Hou, Jonathan Miller
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to: (1) explore the influence of social capital and leisure-time physical activity on older adults' physical and mental health, and (2) test whether these relationships varied by living arrangement. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used national data from the 2013 National Health Interview Study. The subjects included 7,714 adults aged 65 years or older. Logistic regressions were to predict the probability of subjects being overweight or obese...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866635/acceptability-and-ease-of-use-of-mailed-hpv-self-collection-among-infrequently-screened-women-in-north-carolina
#15
Chelsea Anderson, Lindsay Breithaupt, Andrea Des Marais, Charlotte Rastas, Alice Richman, Lynn Barclay, Noel T Brewer, Jennifer S Smith
OBJECTIVES: Self-collection of cervico-vaginal samples for human papillomavirus (HPV) testing has the potential to make cervical cancer screening more accessible to underscreened women. We evaluated the acceptability and ease of use of home-based HPV self-collection within a diverse population of low-income, infrequently screened women. METHODS: Participants were low-income women from North Carolina who had not received Pap testing in 4 or more years. Eligible women received a self-collection kit containing instructions and a brush for home-based sample collection...
September 2, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865663/income-inequality-and-the-differential-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-us-children
#16
Neal Halfon, Kandyce Larson, John Son, Michael Lu, Christina Bethell
OBJECTIVE: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can affect health and development across the life course. Despite a general understanding that adversity is associated with lower income, we know less about how ACEs manifest at different income levels and how these income-related patterns affect children's health and development. METHODS: Data from the 2011 to 2012 National Survey of Children's Health were used to examine the prevalence of 9 ACEs in US children, across 4 levels of household income, and in relationship to 5 parent-reported measures of child health...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854718/single-fathers-by-choice-using-surrogacy-why-men-decide-to-have-a-child-as-a-single-parent
#17
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: Why do men decide to have a child by surrogacy as a single parent? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reasons included feeling that it was the right time (i.e. having 'worked through' concerns about single parenthood; career and financial stability; a fear of getting older; no longer wanting to wait for the 'right' relationship), external encouragement, a desire to reproduce and a fear of separation/divorce. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Because no research has been conducted on single fathers who used surrogacy, their characteristics, motivations and experiences are unknown...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853134/health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-asthma-a-cross-sectional-study-in-semnan-islamic-republic-of-iran
#18
Naim S Kia, Farhad Malek, Elaheh Ghods, Mona Fathi
Asthma can profoundly affect the quality of life of individuals with the disease. There are limited data on the quality of life of people with asthma in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate quality of life in adults with asthma in Semnan using the 36-item short form health survey (SF-36). The effect of sociodemographic characteristics on quality of life scores was examined. The study included a convenience sample of 385 outpatients with asthma attending a pulmonary clinic from June to December 2013...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852240/effects-of-family-structure-on-mental-health-of-children-a-preliminary-study
#19
Aniruddh Prakash Behere, Pravesh Basnet, Pamela Campbell
BACKGROUND: To find any association between family structure and rates of hospitalization as an indicator for behavior problems in children. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 154 patients who were admitted to the preadolescent unit at Lincoln Prairie Behavioral Health Center between July and December 2012. RESULTS: We found that only 11% of children came from intact families living with biological parents while 89% had some kind of disruption in their family structure...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847056/-characteristics-of-hiv-seropositive-cases-and-related-high-risk-behaviors-in-a-community-in-yunnan-province-2012-2015
#20
Z Y Zhang, M Y Xiao, L R Fu, J Niu, X H Li, L J Song, H B Luo
Objective: To understand the characteristics of newly detected HIV infection cases and related high risk behaviors in the areas with high HIIV infection prevalence in Yunnan province. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted with census method during January to March 2016 among newly detected HIV infected persons in Dehong, Honghe, Lincang and Dali prefectures in Yunnan during 2012-2015. Results: Among 451 HIV seropositive cases, the major transmission route of HIV was heterosexual contact, accounting for 92...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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