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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103713/divorce-and-the-onset-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-swedish-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-study
#1
Kenneth S Kendler, Sara Larsson Lönn, Jessica Salvatore, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the magnitude and nature of the relationship between divorce and risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHOD: In a population-based Swedish sample of married individuals (N=942,366), the authors examined the association between divorce or widowhood and risk for first registration for AUD. AUD was assessed using medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: Divorce was strongly associated with risk for first AUD onset in both men (hazard ratio=5...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099760/clinical-behavioural-and-social-indicators-for-poor-glycaemic-control-around-the-time-of-transfer-to-adult-care-a-longitudinal-study-of-126-young-people-with-diabetes
#2
P Castensøe-Seidenfaden, A Kryger Jensen, H Smedegaard, E Hommel, G Reventlov Husted, U Pedersen-Bjergaard, G Teilmann
AIMS: To describe and compare changes in glycaemic control in young people with Type 1 diabetes over time between the last 2 years in paediatric care and the first 2 years in adult care and to identify risk factors for poor glycaemic control. METHODS: Our retrospective cohort study followed participants aged 14-22 years from 2 years before to 2 years after transfer from paediatric to adult care. Changes in glycaemic control were calculated using repeated measurements...
January 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086836/an-internet-based-self-help-intervention-for-older-adults-after-marital-bereavement-separation-or-divorce-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Hans Joerg Znoj
BACKGROUND: Marital bereavement and separation or divorce are among the most stressful critical life events in later life. These events require a dissolution of social and emotional ties, adjustments in daily routine and changes in identity and perspectives for the future. After a normative grief or distress reaction, most individuals cope well with the loss. However, some develop a prolonged grief reaction. Internet-based self-help interventions have proved beneficial for a broad range of disorders, including complicated grief...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072926/relationship-between-marital-transitions-health-behaviors-and-health-indicators-of-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#4
Randa M Kutob, Nicole P Yuan, Betsy C Wertheim, David A Sbarra, Eric B Loucks, Rami Nassir, Gihan Bareh, Mimi M Kim, Linda G Snetselaar, Cynthia A Thomson
BACKGROUND: Historically, marital status has been associated with lower mortality and transitions into marriage were generally accompanied by improved health status. Conversely, divorce has been associated with increased mortality, possibly mediated by changes in health behaviors. METHODS: This study uses data from a prospective cohort of 79,094 postmenopausal women participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS) to examine the relationship between marital transition and health indicators (blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]) as well as health behaviors (diet pattern, alcohol use, physical activity, and smoking) in a sample of relatively healthy and employed women...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070408/new-approaches-to-divorce-with-children-a-problem-of-public-health
#5
REVIEW
Vittorio Carlo Vezzetti
This broad review elaborates on the most up-to-date knowledge on biochemical and psychobiological aspects of parental loss and other childhood adversities during divorce involving minor children. So far, divorce involving minor children was unfortunately considered by authorities only as a purely juridical problem, and this approach has often allowed a completely different approach according to the Courts. Now, scientific research, also making use of animal models, is demonstrating the biological basis of the problem and the indisputable consequences on the well-being and health of children...
July 2016: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067109/depression-literacy-in-women-attending-university-hospital-clinics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#6
Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Sarah Mahasin, Roa Alsajjan, Marwah Hassounah, Zeinah Alhalees, Norah AlSaif, Fahad D Alosaimi, AlJohara AlQuaiz
BACKGROUND: Depression literacy in general population constitutes an ability to understand depression, with knowledge of disease, its risk factors and symptoms. High levels of depression literacy promote early intervention, potentially reducing related disability. AIM: This study investigated the depression literacy in women visitors to clinics of a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Women of 18 and more years were surveyed during their visit to primary and other healthcare clinics of a public hospital in Riyadh...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054799/the-risk-for-marital-infidelity-across-a-year-long-deployment
#7
Christina Balderrama-Durbin, Kimberley Stanton, Douglas K Snyder, Jeffrey A Cigrang, G Wayne Talcott, Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Daniel G Cassidy
Military deployment can create significant relationship strain. Although most couples navigate the challenges of deployment successfully, this period may render some couples more vulnerable to adverse relationship outcomes such as infidelity due to a convergence of factors including geographic separation and reduced emotional and physical intimacy. Despite anecdotal reports of increased rates of infidelity during deployment, empirical findings are lacking. This study used a prospective design to examine the prevalence and risk factors of infidelity across the deployment cycle including a year-long deployment to Iraq...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051830/gambling-and-the-need-for-new-responses-in-public-health-with-an-addiction-sine-substantia
#8
M Crusco, F Massoni, E Luzi, P Ricci, M Pelosi, P Corbosiero, M Rapp-Ricciardi, S Ricci
BACKGROUND: The Gambling Disorder (GD) was recently defined as a behavioral addiction by the "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV"( DSM-V) since the clinical, neurobiological and psychopathological similarities led it to be defined it as an addiction "sine substantia". The aim of this study is to formulate an "identikit" of the gambler, to evaluate a possible association between GD / emotional specific factors and the correlation between GD / substance abuse, GD / suicide...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034075/use-of-medications-for-treating-anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states
#9
Nikki A Hawkins, Ashwini Soman, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Steven Leadbetter, Juan L Rodriguez
Purpose This study used population-based data to estimate the percentage of cancer survivors in the United States reporting current medication use for anxiety and depression and to characterize the survivors taking this type of medication. Rates of medication use in cancer survivors were compared with rates in the general population. Methods We analyzed data from the National Health Interview Survey, years 2010 to 2013, identifying cancer survivors (n = 3,184) and adults with no history of cancer (n = 44,997) who completed both the Sample Adult Core Questionnaire and the Adult Functioning and Disability Supplement...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032516/symptoms-of-depression-and-their-relation-to-myocardial-infarction-and-periodontitis
#10
Barbro Kjellström, Anders Gustafsson, Eva Nordendal, Anna Norhammar, Åke Nygren, Per Näsman, Lars Rydén, Marie Åsberg
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress and depression are established risk factors for cardiovascular disease and a relationship to periodontitis has been suggested. We studied symptoms of depression and their relation to myocardial infarction and periodontitis. METHODS: In a Swedish case-control study, 805 patients, <75 years with a first myocardial infarction and 805 controls without myocardial infarction were matched for age, gender and geographic area. Mean age was 62±8 years and 81% were male...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030752/what-s-changed-a-comparison-of-army-suicide-surveillance-data-to-cases-from-1975-to-1982
#11
Mark A Reger, Greg M Reger, Christina Krieg, Larry Pruitt, Derek J Smolenski, Nancy A Skopp, Nigel Bush
US Army suicide rates increased significantly in the last decade and have remained high. To inform future research hypotheses, Army suicide surveillance data (2012-2014) were compared to similar Army data for suicides from 1975 to 1982. Preliminary data suggest that suicide rates increased across most demographic groups, but may have decreased among divorced soldiers. Mental health utilization increased over time. Legal problems and physical health problems were identified in a higher percentage of cases in the recent data relative to the 1975-1982 era...
December 28, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029439/parental-separation-in-childhood-and-self-reported-psychological-health-a-population-based-study
#12
Martin Lindström, Maria Rosvall
The aim of the present study is to investigate associations between parental separation/divorce during childhood, and self-reported psychological health, adjusting for social capital, social support, civil status and economic stress in childhood. A cross-sectional public health survey was conducted in the autumn of 2012 in Scania, southern Sweden, with a postal questionnaire with 28,029 participants aged 18-80. Associations between parental separation/divorce during childhood and self-reported psychological health (GHQ12) were investigated using logistic regressions...
October 25, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026915/neurogenesis-and-pattern-separation-time-for-a-divorce
#13
REVIEW
Suzanna Becker
The generation of new neurons in the adult mammalian brain has led to numerous theories as to their functional significance. One of the most widely held views is that adult neurogenesis promotes pattern separation, a process by which overlapping patterns of neural activation are mapped to less overlapping representations. While a large body of evidence supports a role for neurogenesis in high interference memory tasks, it does not support the proposed function of neurogenesis in mediating pattern separation...
December 27, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025716/factors-contributing-to-delays-in-diagnosis-of-breast-cancers-in-ghana-west-africa
#14
Louise Brinton, Jonine Figueroa, Ernest Adjei, Daniel Ansong, Richard Biritwum, Lawrence Edusei, Kofi M Nyarko, Seth Wiafe, Joel Yarney, Beatrice Wiafe Addai, Baffour Awuah, Joe Nat Clegg-Lamptey
BACKGROUND: Late diagnoses and poor prognoses of breast cancer are common throughout Africa. METHODS: To identify responsible factors, we utilized data from a population-based case-control study involving 1184 women with breast malignancies conducted in three hospitals in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. Interviews focused on potential breast cancer risk factors as well as factors that might contribute to presentation delays. We calculated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) comparing malignances with biopsy masses larger than 5 cm...
December 26, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018946/multiple-channels-of-visual-time-perception
#15
Aurelio Bruno, Guido Marco Cicchini
The proposal that the processing of visual time might rely on a network of distributed mechanisms that are vision-specific and timescale-specific stands in contrast to the classical view of time perception as the product of a single supramodal clock. Evidence showing that some of these mechanisms have a sensory component that can be locally adapted is at odds with another traditional assumption, namely that time is completely divorced from space. Recent evidence suggests that multiple timing mechanisms exist across and within sensory modalities and that they operate in various neural regions...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012114/differential-effects-of-family-structure-on-religion-and-spirituality-of-emerging-adult-males-and-females
#16
Paul J Handal, John W Lace
This study examined measures of religion and spirituality in a sample of male and female emerging adult college students whose parents were either divorced or intact using the Personal Religious Inventory, the Duke University Religion Index, the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, the Spiritual Transcendence Scale, and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale. Data were collected online, and 66% of participants received extra credit for participating. A main effect of sex was found, as females reported significantly higher scores than men on all but one measure of religion and spirituality, and the dataset was separated by sex...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008198/anticipated-stigma-in-chronic-illness-patients-in-cambodia-myanmar-and-vietnam
#17
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and relationship of anticipated chronic illness stigma among patients diagnosed with a variety of chronic diseases in three Southeast Asian countries (Cambodia, Myanmar and Vietnam). A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 4,803 adult chronic disease patients (mean age 49.3 years; SD=16.5) recruited systematically from health facilities. Overall, the results indicate that 20.7% of patients reported that for any of the 12 stigma items, they anticipated they were likely or very likely to experience chronic disease stigma...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006696/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-adult-survivors-8-years-after-the-2008-wenchuan-earthquake-in-china
#18
Jing Guo, Huan He, Zhiyong Qu, Xiaohua Wang, Chengbin Liu
BACKGROUND: The Wenchuan earthquake was China's worst natural disaster of the past three decades. Although the psychological sequelae of disasters can last for many years, the long-term sequelae and their risk factors tend to receive little research attention. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to estimate the prevalences of symptomalogical PTSD and depression among survivors 8 years after the Wenchuan earthquake, and to identify the shared and unshared risk factors associated with PTSD and depression, using data from a cross-sectional survey...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006677/the-alienation-of-affection-toward-parents-and-influential-factors-in-chinese-left-behind-children
#19
Q Dai, G Yang, C Hu, L Wang, K Liu, Y Guang, R Zhang, S Xu, B Liu, Y Yang, Z Feng
OBJECTIVE: Although alienation toward parents is important for children (for current mental health status or later interpersonal relationships in adulthood), it is undervalued and even lacks a standardized tool of assessment. Moreover, the large number of left-behind children in China is a cause of public concern. However, their experienced alienation toward their parents remains unclear, which may be important for early detection or intervention for behavioral problems in this population...
December 19, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005962/health-related-factors-associated-with-discrepancies-between-children-s-potential-and-attained-secondary-school-level-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Iris van der Heide, Ulrike Gehring, Gerard H Koppelman, Alet H Wijga
OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examines children's health-related characteristics in relation to discrepancies between their educational potential assessed by a cognitive test in primary school at age 11 and their attained secondary school level at age 14. METHODS: Data were used from 1510 participants of the Dutch PIAMA (Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy) birth cohort. Multiple multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations between indicators of physical health, psychosocial health, lifestyle, sleeping patterns and stressful life events and attending a higher or lower level of secondary education than indicated by the cognitive test...
2016: PloS One
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