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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786945/a-comparative-study-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-intakes-among-korean-adults-according-to-current-depression-status
#1
Yuri Seo, Youjin Je
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the association between depression and dietary factors in Korean adults are limited. We hypothesized that Korean men and women with depression would have poorer nutritional intakes and different dietary habits than those without depression. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted during 2012 to 2014. Overall, 10 591 subjects (4308 men, 6529 women) aged 19 to 64 years were selected and categorized according to current depression status...
May 21, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766600/effect-of-childhood-adversities-on-alcohol-problems-is-mainly-mediated-by-depression
#2
Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Sinikka Luutonen, Henri R W Salokangas, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study how five childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) core domains: emotional abuse (EmoAb), physical abuse (PhyAb), sexual abuse (SexAb), emotional neglect (EmoNeg), physical neglect (PhyNeg), associate with alcohol problems (APs), and whether there are any gender differences in these associations. METHODS: Altogether, 690 adult participants drawn from the general population completed a mailed questionnaire, including the trauma and distress scale, as an indicator of CAT, and questions concerning sociodemographic background, depressive symptoms, and APs...
May 15, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761370/multispecies-individuals
#3
Pierrick Bourrat, Paul E Griffiths
We assess the arguments for recognising functionally integrated multispecies consortia as genuine biological individuals, including cases of so-called 'holobionts'. We provide two examples in which the same core biochemical processes that sustain life are distributed across a consortium of individuals of different species. Although the same chemistry features in both examples, proponents of the holobiont as unit of evolution would recognize one of the two cases as a multispecies individual whilst they would consider the other as a compelling case of ecological dependence between separate individuals...
May 14, 2018: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752809/exploring-the-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#4
Faizan Kabani, Kristine Lykens, Hyo Jung Tak
OBJECTIVES: Evidence indicates that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have destructive impacts on quality of life, health outcomes, and health-care expenditures. Studies further demonstrate a dose-response relationship between the number of ACEs and risk for experiencing chronic illness, such as oral diseases later in life. Research is scarce on the prioritization of contextualized public health interventions addressing this important threat. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 2011 to 2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) provided a nationally representative sample of children in the United States, ages 1-17 for dentate status (n = 61,530)...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752553/influence-of-early-life-parental-severe-life-events-on-the-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-in-children-the-dipis-study
#5
Markus Lundgren, Katarina Ellström, Helena Elding Larsson
AIMS: Stress and severe life events (SLEs) modify autoimmune disease susceptibility. Here, we aimed to establish if SLEs reported by parents during the first 2 years of life influence the risk of developing type 1 diabetes (T1D) using data from the prospective Diabetes Prediction in Skåne (DiPiS) study. METHODS: Prospective questionnaire data recorded at 2 months (n = 23,187) and 2 years of age (n = 3784) from the DiPiS cohort of children were included in the analysis...
May 12, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746622/socioeconomic-factors-and-mortality-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-cohort-study-in-swedish-primary-care
#6
Per Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Danijela Gasevic, Martin J Holzmann, Johan Ärnlöv, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Background: Preventing ischaemic stroke attracts significant focus in atrial fibrillation (AF) cases. Less is known on the association between socioeconomic factors and mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with AF. Methods: Our study population included adults (n=12 283) ≥45 years diagnosed with AF at 75 primary care centres in Sweden 2001-07. Cox regression was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between the exposures educational level, marital status, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and the outcomes all-cause mortality, after adjustment for age, and comorbid cardiovascular conditions...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744737/homicide-victims-concealed-in-a-freezer
#7
Trine Bottos Olsen, Peter Mygind Leth
Freezing as a method for hiding a body is rare. We report here a homicide case in which three bodies were concealed in a freezer. This presented the pathologist with the problem of how to thaw the bodies and simultaneously avoid decomposition of the uppermost body. The problem was solved by slow thawing in a refrigerated morgue and by removing the bodies one after the other from top to bottom. The victims were a 27-year old mother and her two daughters, 7 and 9 years of age. The perpetrator was the 34-year old now-divorced husband and father...
May 9, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742925/widowed-status-increases-the-risk-of-death-in-vulvar-cancer
#8
San-Gang Wu, Qing-Jiang Lin, Feng-Yan Li, Jia-Yuan Sun, Zhen-Yu He, Juan Zhou
AIM: To evaluate the effect of marital status on survival of patients with vulvar cancer. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 4001 patients with vulvar cancer were included from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Statistical analyses were performed using χ2 test, Kaplan-Meier method, Cox regression proportional hazards and a 1:1 propensity score-matching. RESULTS: The 8-year vulvar cancer-related survival in married, divorced, single and widowed patients were 78...
May 10, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733242/four-decades-following-the-khmer-rouge-sociodemographic-factors-impacting-depression-anxiety-and-ptsd-in-cambodia
#9
Desiree M Seponski, Cindy J Lahar, Sareth Khann, Sovandara Kao, Tanja Schunert
BACKGROUND: Reliable population-based epidemiological data of Cambodian mental health is lacking. AIMS: This study identifies the prevalence of and factors associated with anxiety, depression and PTSD in Cambodian adults. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of Cambodian adults (N = 2690) was interviewed utilizing the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (assessment of PTSD symptoms) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (assessment of symptoms of anxiety and depression)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727804/marital-status-and-survival-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-an-analysis-of-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-database
#10
Xiangyang Wang, Weilan Cao, Chenguo Zheng, Wanle Hu, Changbao Liu
BACKGROUND: Marital status has been validated as an independent prognostic factor for survival in several cancer types, but is controversial in rectal cancer (RC). The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of marital status on the survival outcomes of patients with RC. METHODS: We extracted data of 27,498 eligible patients diagnosed with RC between 2004 and 2009 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. Patients were categorized into married, never married, divorced/separated and widowed groups...
May 1, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721590/psychiatric-morbidity-and-subsequent-divorce-a-couple-level-register-based-study-in-finland
#11
Niina Metsä-Simola, Pekka Martikainen, Christiaan W Monden
PURPOSE: Studies that assess the role of mental health for the risk of divorce are scarce and mostly rely on individual-level data, although divorce is a couple-level phenomenon. Using data on couples, we examine the effects of both spouses' psychiatric morbidity on the risk of divorce, and whether socio-demographic factors affect these associations. METHODS: We followed 96,222 Finnish married couples for 6 years using register-based data on both spouses and their household...
May 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719348/analysis-of-family-functioning-and-parent-child-relationship-between-adolescents-with-depression-and-their-parents
#12
Qing Chen, Wenyong DU, Yan Gao, Changlin Ma, Chunxia Ban, Fu Meng
Background: Drug therapy combined with family therapy is currently the best treatment for adolescent depression. Nevertheless, family therapy requires an exploration of unresolved problems in the family system, which in practice presents certain difficulties. Previous studies have found that the perceptual differences of family function between parents and children reflect the problems in the family system. Aims: To explore the characteristics and role of family functioning and parent-child relationship between adolescents with depressive disorder and their parents...
December 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719345/status-investigation-of-outpatients-receiving-methadone-maintenance-treatment-mmt-in-shanghai-from-2005-to-2016
#13
Jiayi Bao, Lei Zhang, Zhen Ning, Jie Fu, Min Zhao, Jiang DU
Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is an effective measure to control drug abuse, prevent AIDS, and improve family and social functions among those with heroin addiction. Relevant surveys in recent years show that the number of outpatients receiving MMT has a downward trend. Aims: To understand variation in maintenance treatment rates and causes of withdrawal for outpatients receiving MMT in Shanghai since initiation of this program. Method: This study was a retrospective investigation, with data from the AIDS Comprehensive Prevention and Control Data Information Management System of the China AIDS Prevention and Control Center...
December 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713788/acute-drug-effects-on-habitual-and-non-habitual-responding-in-crossed-high-alcohol-preferring-mice
#14
Christa A Houck, Nicholas J Grahame
RATIONALE: Drug reward plays a central role in acquiring drug-seeking behavior. However, subjects may continue using drugs despite negative consequences because self-administration becomes habitual, and divorced from outcome values. Although a history of drug and alcohol use expedite habit acquisition, and in spite of the fact that self-administration leads to intoxication, the acute effects of drugs on habitual responding are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: We sought to observe how acute ethanol and amphetamine affect the balance between habitual and goal-directed behavior, as measured by a fluid-reinforced operant conditioning task...
April 30, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713122/russia-and-the-medical-drug-trade-in-the-seventeenth-century
#15
Clare Griffin
This article deals with the trade in medicines into Russia in the seventeenth century. Both the early modern medical drug trade, and Russian medicine, have previously received substantial attention, but no work has thus far been undertaken on the Russian angle of the drug trade. Drawing on previously unused documents, this article traces the kinds of drugs acquired by the Moscow court. In contrast to the dominant view of official Russian medicine as divorced from native healing practices and fundamentally reliant upon Western European trends, these documents reveal that drugs were sourced as locally as Moscow markets, and from as far afield as East Asia and the Americas, but that not all drugs were accepted...
February 2018: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710174/association-of-marital-status-with-t-stage-at-presentation-and-management-of-early-stage-melanoma
#16
Cimarron E Sharon, Andrew J Sinnamon, Michael E Ming, Emily Y Chu, Douglas L Fraker, Giorgos C Karakousis
Importance: Early detection of melanoma is associated with improved patient outcomes. Data suggest that spouses or partners may facilitate detection of melanoma before the onset of regional and distant metastases. Less well known is the influence of marital status on the detection of early clinically localized melanoma. Objective: To evaluate the association between marital status and T stage at the time of presentation with early-stage melanoma and the decision for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in appropriate patients...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707924/the-effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-marital-quality-among-women
#17
Arezoo Shayan, Masumeh Taravati, Maryam Garousian, Narges Babakhani, Javad Faradmal, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi
Background: Marital quality reflects the individual's overall evaluation of marital relationship. The aim of study was examine the effect of cognitive behavioral counseling on marital quality among women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experimental study was a randomized clinical trial with two groups, on 198 qualified women who referred to selected health care centers in Hamadan, Iran in 2016. The intervention participants attended four 90-minute sessions of cognitive behavioral counseling...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698415/the-influence-of-marital-status-and-race-ethnicity-on-risk-of-mortality-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#18
Carol Parise, Vincent Caggiano
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of marital status and the role of race/ethnicity on breast cancer specific mortality in women with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). METHODS: The study utilized the California Cancer Registry to identify 22,812 cases of first primary female TNBC. Unadjusted Kaplan-Meier breast cancer specific survival was computed. Cox Proportional Hazards modeling was used to compute the adjusted risk of breast cancer specific mortality for women who were single, separated, divorced, and widowed when compared with women who were married...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695120/the-status-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-its-influence-on-the-working-ability-of-oil-workers-in-xinjiang-china
#19
Hua Ge, Xuemei Sun, Jiwen Liu, Chen Zhang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and its influence on the working ability of oil workers, and to provide a theoretical basis for helping lessen the burden of MSDs and improve the man-machine environment of oil workers. The cluster sampling method was used to study 2000 workers who had been employed for more than 1 year in this field. We investigated the prevalence rate and the work ability index (WAI). A total of 1935 valid questionnaires were collected, a response rate of 96...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693716/parental-divorce-and-family-history-of-alcohol-disorder-associations-with-young-adults-alcohol-problems-marijuana-use-and-interpersonal-relations
#20
Michael Windle, Rebecca C Windle
BACKGROUND: This study used prospective data from 706 young adults to evaluate the impact of parental divorce and family history of alcoholism (FH+) on the outcomes of offspring alcohol problems, marijuana use, and interpersonal relationships with parents. METHODS: Assessments of parental divorce were based on parent reports, and young adult outcomes were collected from an offspring cohort (n = 706; X age = 33.25 years; females = 53%) via computer-based individual interviews (CAPI and ACASI)...
April 25, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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