keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Airway"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742724/epidemiology-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-cardiac-icus
#1
Ryan A Romans, Steven M Schwartz, John M Costello, Nikhil K Chanani, Parthak Prodhan, Avihu Z Gazit, Andrew H Smith, David S Cooper, Jeffrey Alten, Kshitij P Mistry, Wenying Zhang, Janet E Donohue, Michael Gaies
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of noninvasive ventilation therapy for patients admitted to pediatric cardiac ICUs and to assess practice variation across hospitals. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected clinical registry data. SETTING: Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium clinical registry. PATIENTS: Patients admitted to cardiac ICUs at PC4 hospitals. INTERVENTIONS: None...
July 22, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742723/supraglottic-atomization-of-surfactant-in-spontaneously-breathing-lambs-receiving-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#2
Ilaria Milesi, David G Tingay, Anna Lavizzari, Federico Bianco, Emanuela Zannin, Paolo Tagliabue, Fabio Mosca, Maria Luisa Ventura, Anushi Rajapaksa, Elizabeth J Perkins, Don Black, Marco Di Castri, Magdy Sourial, Gerhard Pohlmann, Raffaele L Dellaca'
OBJECTIVES: To determine the short-term tolerance, efficacy, and lung deposition of supraglottic atomized surfactant in spontaneously breathing lambs receiving continuous positive airway pressure. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized animal study. SETTING: Animal research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Twenty-two preterm lambs on continuous positive airway pressure (132 ± 1 d gestational age). INTERVENTIONS: Animals receiving continuous positive airway pressure via binasal prongs at 8 cm H2O were randomized to receive atomized surfactant at approximately 60-minute of life (atom; n = 15) or not (control; n = 7)...
July 22, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742478/toxicological-and-analytical-assessment-of-e-cigarette-refill-components-on-airway-epithelia
#3
Jasjot Singh, Emilie Luquet, David P T Smith, Herman J Potgieter, Patricia Ragazzon
There are over 2.6 million users of e-cigarettes in the United Kingdom alone as they have been promoted as a safer alternative to traditional cigarettes. The addition of flavours and aromas has also proven to be popular with younger generations. In this review, we survey the range of studies in the short timeframe since e-cigarettes reached the market to draw attention to the health associated risks and benefits of their introduction. We complement this review with a case study reporting on the composition of selected e-cigarette refills with particular emphasis on the toxicological activity of its components on lung cells...
December 1, 2016: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742120/virus-induced-asthma-attack-the-importance-of-allergic-inflammation-in-response-to-viral-antigen-in-an-animal-model-of-asthma
#4
Christopher Skappak, Ramses Ilarraza, Ying-Qi Wu, Matthew G Drake, Darryl J Adamko
Asthma exacerbation can be a life-threatening condition, and is most often triggered by common respiratory viruses. Poor asthma control and worsening of respiratory function is associated with increased airway inflammation, including eosinophilia. Prevention of asthma exacerbation relies on treatment with corticosteroids, which preferentially inhibit allergic inflammation like eosinophils. Human studies demonstrate that inactivated virus can trigger eosinophil activation in vitro through antigen presentation and memory CD4+ lymphocytes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741716/influence-of-lateral-position-and-pneumoperitoneum-on-oropharyngeal-leak-pressure-with-two-types-of-laryngeal-mask-airways
#5
S Lan, Y Zhou, J T Li, Z Z Zhao, Y Liu
BACKGROUND: An important parameter to monitor adequate ventilation for laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is its oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP). This study was designed to evaluate and compare the effect of lateral position and pneumoperitoneum on the OLP and ventilation efficiency between LMA™ Proseal (PLMA) and LMA™ Supreme (SLMA). METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive either the PLMA or the SMLA. The OLP was assessed in both the supine position and the lateral position with or without pneumoperitoneum...
July 25, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741229/inhaled-antimicrobials-for-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-practical-aspects
#6
Garyphallia Poulakou, Dimitrios K Matthaiou, David P Nicolau, Georgios Siakallis, George Dimopoulos
Positive experience with inhaled antibiotics in pulmonary infections of patients with cystic fibrosis has paved the way for their utilization in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients with lower respiratory tract infections. A successful antibiotic delivery depends upon the size of the generated particle and the elimination of drug impaction in the large airways and the ventilator circuit. Generated droplet size is mainly affected by the type of the nebulizer employed. Currently, jet, ultrasonic, and vibrating mesh nebulizers are marketed; the latter can deliver optimal antibiotic particle size...
July 24, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741014/post-resuscitation-care
#7
Sohil Pothiawala
Following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest, the challenge is to institute measures that ensure a higher likelihood of neurologically intact survival. Regardless of the cause of collapse, multiple organ systems may be affected secondary to post-cardiac arrest syndrome. Interventions required for post-ROSC care are bundled into a care regimen: prompt identification and treatment of the cause of cardiac arrest; and treatment of electrolyte abnormalities. It is also essential to establish definitive airway management to maintain normocapnic ventilation, prevent hyperoxia, and optimise haemodynamic management via judicious intravenous fluids and vasoactive drugs...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740999/advanced-cardiac-life-support-2016-singapore-guidelines
#8
Chi Keong Ching, Siew Hon Benjamin Leong, Siang Jin Terrance Chua, Swee Han Lim, Kenneth Heng, Sohil Pothiawala, Venkataraman Anantharaman
The main areas of emphasis in the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) guidelines are: early recognition of cardiac arrest and call for help; good-quality chest compressions; early defibrillation when applicable; early administration of drugs; appropriate airway management ensuring normoventilation; and delivery of appropriate post-resuscitation care to enhance survival. Of note, it is important to monitor the quality of the various care procedures. The resuscitation team needs to reduce unnecessary interruptions to chest compressions in order to maintain adequate coronary perfusion pressure during the ACLS drill...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740854/clinical-implications-of-oscillatory-lung-function-during-methacholine-bronchoprovocation-testing-of-preschool-children
#9
Sun Hee Choi, Youn Ho Sheen, Mi Ae Kim, Ji Hyeon Baek, Hey Sung Baek, Seung Jin Lee, Jung Won Yoon, Yeong Ho Rha, Man Yong Han
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the repeatability and safety of measuring impulse oscillation system (IOS) parameters and the point of wheezing during bronchoprovocation testing of preschool children. METHODS: Two sets of methacholine challenge were conducted in 36 asthma children. The test was discontinued if there was a significant change in reactance (Xrs5) and resistance (Rrs5) at 5 Hz (Condition 1) or respiratory distress due to airway obstruction (Condition 2)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740687/infections-causing-central-airway-obstruction-role-of-bronchoscopy-in-diagnosis-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Sevak Keshishyan, Lawrence DeLorenzo, Kassem Hammoud, Arpine Avagyan, Hussein Assallum, Kassem Harris
Central airway obstructive infections (CAOI) are challenging medical conditions that may represent an advanced and complicated process of ongoing infections. The epidemiology of CAOI is unknown as well as the pathophysiology and the mechanism of development. This is due to sparse data in the literature that consists mainly of case reports and retrospective case series. CAOI can be caused by fungal, bacterial, parasitic and viral infections. Most patients with CAOI can be diagnosed clinically and with chest imaging, which demonstrate obstruction of the central airways...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740684/pediatric-airway-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Konrad Hoetzenecker, Thomas Schweiger, Doris Maria Denk-Linnert, Walter Klepetko
The management of pediatric airway pathology can be challenging and requires a dedicated team, consisting of thoracic surgeons, phoniatricians, logopedics, pediatricians and anesthetists. It necessitates a tailored treatment approach for each individual patient in order to address the minor variances that exist between cases. The majority of pediatric airway problems are a sequela of prematurity and prolonged post-partal intubation/tracheostomy. Surgical repair is often complicated by additional malformation or severe comorbidities...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740668/socioeconomic-impact-of-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome
#12
Jinhee Kim, Young Sam Kim, Kyungjoo Kim, Yeon-Mok Oh, Kwang Ha Yoo, Chin Kook Rhee, Jin Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is defined as having both features of asthma and COPD, which are airway hyper-responsiveness and incompletely reversible airway obstruction. However, socioeconomic impact of ACOS have not been well appreciated. METHODS: Adults with available wheezing history and acceptable spirometry were selected from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV) in 2007-2009...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740644/the-hemodynamic-impact-of-acute-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-is-it-safe
#13
EDITORIAL
Bo Xu, Reena Mehra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740393/current-evidence-for-the-use-of-c-mac-videolaryngoscope-in-adult-airway-management-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Fu-Shan Xue, Hui-Xian Li, Ya-Yang Liu, Gui-Zhen Yang
The C-MAC videolaryngoscope is the first Macintosh-typed videolaryngoscope. Since the advent of its original version video Macintosh system in 1999, this device has been modified several times. A unique feature of C-MAC device is its ability to provide the 2 options of direct and video laryngoscopy with the same device. The available evidence shows that in patients with normal airways, C-MAC videolaryngoscope compared with direct laryngoscopy can provide comparable or better laryngeal views and exerts less force on maxillary incisors, but does not offer conclusive benefits with regard to intubation time, intubation success, number of intubation attempts, the use of adjuncts, and hemodynamic responses to intubation...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740374/characterization-of-throat-microbial-flora-in-smokers-with-or-without-copd
#15
Wenqi Diao, Ning Shen, Yipeng Du, Ke Qian, Bei He
The study aimed to determine the relationship between throat microbiome and COPD. Sixty-five Chinese males (n=20, smokers without COPD; n=45 smokers with COPD) were included. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling indicated differences of microbiome between COPD and controls, but no difference was observed between COPD patients with differing degrees of lung function or disease severity. Rarefaction analyses suggested that operational taxonomic units (OTUs, species-level) richness decreased in COPD. The dominant taxa between COPD and controls were similar, but the proportions of taxonomic distribution were different...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739564/silent-tracheobronchial-chondritis-in-a-patient-with-a-delayed-diagnosis-of-relapsing-polychondritis
#16
Faraz Afridi, Seema Frosh
Relapsing polychondritis is a very rare autoimmune disease characterised by a relapsing inflammation of hyaline, elastic and fibrous cartilaginous tissues. The incidence is estimated to be between 3.5 and 4.5 per million people per year. Clinical signs and symptoms can be very subtle, and if left undiagnosed for a prolonged period, airway involvement can cause fibrosis of the tracheobronchial wall, leading to a fixed tracheobronchial stenosis. Eventually, this can progress to life-threatening tracheobronchomalacia due to irreversible damage and loss of tissue integrity...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739281/ventilation-rate-in-adults-with-a-tracheal-tube-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Gino Vissers, Jasmeet Soar, Koenraad G Monsieurs
The optimal ventilation rate during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a tracheal tube is unknown. We evaluated whether in adults with cardiac arrest and a secure airway (tracheal tube), a ventilation rate of 10min(-1), compared to any other rate during CPR, improves outcomes.
July 21, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739243/heaven-criteria-derivation-of-a-new-difficult-airway-prediction-tool
#18
Daniel P Davis, David J Olvera
OBJECTIVE: Airway management is vitally important in the management of critically ill and injured patients. Current tools to predict the difficult airway have limited application in the emergency airway situation. The aim of this study was to derive a novel difficult airway prediction tool for emergency intubation. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive analysis was performed in a population of air medical rapid sequence intubation patients requiring more than 1 attempt...
July 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738936/favorable-outcomes-in-blunt-chest-injury-with-noninvasive-bi-level-positive-airway-pressure-ventilation
#19
Pascal Udekwu, Sahill Patel, Meagan Farrell, Rhonda Vincent
Recent clinical research in patients with blunt chest injury has focused on the benefits of surgical fixation of rib fractures. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been demonstrated to prevent the need for intubation and ventilation in posttraumatic respiratory failure. The preemptive use of NIV in patients with rib fractures has not been extensively studied. Our study evaluated the outcomes of patients with ≥3 rib fractures and hospitalized for ≥ 4 days. Seventy-one patients treated with NIV were compared with 270 patients without NIV...
July 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738889/influence-of-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-the-temporal-variation-of-pneumococcal-carriage-and-the-nasal-microbiota-in-healthy-infants-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-a-case-control-study
#20
Moana Mika, Josua Maurer, Insa Korten, Aurélie Allemann, Suzanne Aebi, Silvio D Brugger, Weihong Qi, Urs Frey, Philipp Latzin, Markus Hilty
BACKGROUND: Bacterial colonization of the upper airways is a prerequisite for subsequent invasive disease. With the introduction of the 7- and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV7 and PCV13), changes in pneumococcal upper airway colonization have been described. It is, however, less evident whether the vaccines lead to compositional changes of the upper airway microbiota. Here, we performed a case-control study using samples from a longitudinal infant cohort from Switzerland...
July 24, 2017: Microbiome
keyword
keyword
67680
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"