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Calcium gluconate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806048/electrolytes-calcium-disorders
#1
Craig Barstow
A normal serum calcium level is 8 to 10 mg/dL. The diagnosis of hypercalcemia (ie, levels 10.5 mg/dL or greater) should be confirmed with an albumin-adjusted or ionized calcium level. The two most common causes of hypercalcemia are hyperparathyroidism and malignancy. Drugs, notably lithium and thiazide diuretics, also can cause hypercalcemia. Patients with severe or symptomatic hypercalcemia should be treated initially with hydration to decrease calcium levels. The evaluation should include a parathyroid hormone (PTH) level...
August 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774054/studying-the-hydration-of-a-retarded-suspension-of-ground-granulated-blast-furnace-slag-after-reactivation
#2
Nick Schneider, Dietmar Stephan
This article presents a combined use of a retarder (d-gluconic acid) and an alkaline activator (sodium hydroxide) in a binder system based on ground granulated blast-furnace slag. The properties of the retarder are extending the dormant hydration period and suppressing the generation of strength-giving phases. Different retarder concentrations between 0.25 and 1.00 wt.% regulate the intensity and the period of the retardation and also the characteristics of the strength development. The activator concentration of 30 and 50 wt...
November 18, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766181/treatment-of-amlodipine-intoxication-with-intravenous-lipid-emulsion-therapy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Funda Karbek Akarca, Ece Akceylan, Selahattin Kıyan
We report the case of a 25-year-old female presenting to the emergency department after committing suicide by ingesting 100 mg amlodipine. The patient was initially treated with intravenous fluids, calcium gluconate, catecholamines and glucagone without effect. The clinical condition of the patient improved quickly and dramatically on the 20th minute of intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) therapy. Different treatment methods have been developed for calcium channel blocker intoxication over the last years. Among these, lipid emulsion therapy has risen over the last decade as a salvation in cases which do not respond to other treatments...
August 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717879/comparison-of-the-effect-of-activated-or-non-activated-prp-in-various-concentrations-on-osteoblast-and-fibroblast-cell-line-proliferation
#4
Surena Vahabi, Zahra Yadegari, Hossein Mohammad-Rahimi
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains growth factors which positively affect cell proliferation, cell differentiation, chemotaxis and intracellular matrix synthesis. All these processes are involved in wound healing and tissue regeneration; thus, PRP as a source of growth factors can be used in periodontal regenerative therapies. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of various concentrations of activated and non-activated PRP on proliferation of osteoblasts and fibroblasts in vitro. PRP was obtained from three healthy volunteers...
July 17, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713798/incidence-and-severity-of-prescribing-errors-in-parenteral-nutrition-for-pediatric-inpatients-at-a-neonatal-and-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#5
Theresa Hermanspann, Mark Schoberer, Eva Robel-Tillig, Christoph Härtel, Rangmar Goelz, Thorsten Orlikowsky, Albrecht Eisert
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric inpatients are particularly vulnerable to medication errors (MEs), especially in highly individualized preparations like parenteral nutrition (PN). Aside from prescribing via a computerized physician order entry system (CPOE), we evaluated the effect of cross-checking by a clinical pharmacist to prevent harm from PN order errors in a neonatal and pediatric intensive care unit (NICU/PICU). METHODS: The incidence of prescribing errors in PN in a tertiary level NICU/PICU was surveyed prospectively between March 2012 and July 2013 (n = 3,012 orders)...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698817/the-fabrication-of-biomimetic-biphasic-can-pac-hydrogel-with-a-seamless-interfacial-layer-applied-in-osteochondral-defect-repair
#6
Jinfeng Liao, Taoran Tian, Sirong Shi, Xueping Xie, Quanquan Ma, Guo Li, Yunfeng Lin
Cartilage tissue engineering based on biomimetic scaffolds has become a rapidly developing strategy for repairing cartilage defects. In this study, a biphasic CAN-PAC hydrogel for osteochondral defect (OCD) regeneration was fabricated based on the density difference between the two layers via a thermally reactive, rapid cross-linking method. The upper hydrogel was cross-linked by CSMA and NIPAm, and the lower hydrogel was composed of PECDA, AAm and PEGDA. The interface between the two layers was first grafted by the physical cross-linking of calcium gluconate and alginate, followed by the chemical cross-linking of the carbon-carbon double bonds in the other components...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688183/evaluation-of-ph-and-calcium-ion-diffusion-from-calcium-hydroxide-pastes-and-mta
#7
María Del M Sáez, Gabriela L López, Diana Atlas, María L de la Casa
The aim of this ex vivo study was to evaluate changes in pH and calcium ion diffusion through root dentin from calcium hydroxide (Ca (OH) 2) and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pastes at 7, 30 and 60 days; and the relationship between pH and ion diffusion. Thirty-two human premolars were used. Crowns were sectioned and root canals instrumented and filled in with the following preparations: 1) Ca(OH) 2 + distilled water (n=7); 2) Ca(OH) 2 + 0.1% chlorhexidine gluconate (n=7); 3) MTA + distilled water (n=7); 4) MTA + 0...
April 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687552/hyponatremia-induced-by-hyperinsulinemia-euglycemia-therapy
#8
Jennifer R Beavers, Joanna L Stollings, Todd W Rice
PURPOSE: A case of symptomatic hyponatremia induced by hyperinsulinemia-euglycemia (HIE) therapy is reported. SUMMARY: A 59-year-old, 81.65-kg woman with hypertension, major depressive disorder, and anxiety arrived at a tertiary medical center 1.5 hours after an intentional overdose of oral amlodipine 200 mg, metoprolol tartrate 2,000 mg, and isosorbide mononitrate 1,200 mg. Upon arrival, her pulse was 63 beats/min and blood pressure was 106/56 mm Hg. The patient's blood pressure was refractory to fluids, calcium gluconate, and norepinephrine, resulting in initiation of HIE therapy...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682876/treatment-of-severe-fluoroacetamide-poisoning-in-patient-with-combined-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-by-evidence-based-integrated-chinese-and-western-medicines-a-case-report
#9
Wanxin Wen, Hongxia Gao, Nini Kang, Aili Lu, Caiwen Qian, Yuanqi Zhao
RATIONALE: Fluoroacetamide poisoning is the acute and severe disease of human, which leads to nervous, digestive, and cardiovascular system damage or even death in a short period of time. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 65-year-old woman with loss of consciousness, nausea, and vomiting who was sent to the hospital by passers-by. DIAGNOSIS: She was diagnosed with severe fluoroacetamide poisoning with combined multiple organ dysfunction syndrome...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682867/camurati-engelmann-disease-a-rare-cause-of-tetany-identified-on-bone-scintigraphy-a-case-report
#10
Peng Xie, Jian-Min Huang, Huan-Li Li, Xiao-Jie Huang, Ling-Ge Wei
RATIONALE: Camurati-Engelmann disease (i.e., progressive diaphyseal dysplasia) is an extremely rare autosomal dominant bone disorder. The most common clinical manifestations were chronic skeletal pain, waddling gait, muscular weakness. PATIENT CONCERNS: We described that a 27-year-old male with a 1-year history of intermittent tetany was referred for bone scintigraphy. The whole body bone scan images showed abnormal increased uptake of the tracer in the long bones of the upper and lower extremities as well as in the skull...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676263/slight-hypercalcemia-is-not-associated-with-positive-responses-in-the-comet-assay-in-male-rat-liver
#11
Anette Thiel, Annie Hamel, Katrien Schaefer, Renato Cardoso, Paul Beilstein
Maintenance of physiological levels of intracellular and extracellular calcium is essential for life. Increased intracellular calcium levels are involved in cell death (apoptosis and necrosis) and are associated with positive responses in the Comet assay in vitro. In addition, high calcium and vitamin D intakes were reported to induce apoptosis in adipose tissue in obese mice and to increase DNA-migration in the Comet assay. To investigate increased serum concentration of calcium as a potential confounding factor in the regulatory Comet assay in vivo, we induced mild hypercalcemia in male Wistar rats by 3-day continuous intravenous infusion of calcium gluconate and performed the Comet assay in the liver in line with regulatory guidelines...
August 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642473/predicting-effects-on-oxaliplatin-clearance-in-vitro-kinetic-and-clinical-studies-of-calcium-and-magnesium-mediated-oxaliplatin-degradation
#12
Catherine H Han, Prashannata Khwaounjoo, Andrew G Hill, Gordon M Miskelly, Mark J McKeage
This study evaluated the impact of calcium and magnesium on the in vitro degradation and in vivo clearance of oxaliplatin. Intact oxaliplatin and Pt(DACH)Cl2 were measured in incubation solutions by HPLC-UV. A clinical study determined changes in plasma concentrations of calcium and magnesium in cancer patients and their impact on oxaliplatin clearance. Kinetic analyses modelled oxaliplatin degradation reactions in vitro and contributions to oxaliplatin clearance in vivo. Calcium and magnesium accelerated oxaliplatin degradation to Pt(DACH)Cl2 in chloride-containing solutions in vitro...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610547/human-plasma-rich-in-growth-factors-improves-survival-and-neurite-outgrowth-of-spiral-ganglion-neurons-in-vitro
#13
Michael Stolle, Jennifer Schulze, Ariane Roemer, Thomas Lenarz, Martin Durisin, Athanasia Warnecke
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich and platelet-poor plasma (PRP and PPP) are autologous preparations from peripheral blood and contain several growth factors and cytokines involved in tissue repair. Although their neuroprotective and neuroregenerative properties have been already described, little is known about their effects in the inner ear. We, therefore, examined the effects of PRP and PPP on spiral ganglion neurons (SGN) in vitro. RESULTS: For all experiments, spiral ganglia were isolated from neonatal rats and were cultured in serum-free medium...
July 27, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570460/lesions-associated-with-calcium-gluconate-extravasation-presentation-of-5-clinical-cases-and-analysis-of-cases-published
#14
Francisco Javier Pacheco Compaña, José Midón Míguez, Francisco Javier de Toro Santos
INTRODUCTION: Calcium gluconate extravasation is a process, which, while not common, occurs more frequently in neonatal intensive care units. The aim of this study is to present a number of cases of calcium gluconate extravasation, which have occurred in our hospital, and to carry out a review of those clinical cases published in the literature to obtain relevant epidemiological data. METHODS: Data were gathered on the medical histories of 5 patients who presented lesions secondary to calcium gluconate extravasation in our center...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475089/effect-of-high-or-low-concentration-bleaching-agents-containing-calcium-and-or-fluoride-on-enamel-microhardness
#15
Isabella Spinardi Furlan, Enrico Coser Bridi, Flávia Lucisano Botelho do Amaral, Fabiana Mantovani Gomes França, Cecilia Pedroso Turssi, Roberta Tarkany Basting
The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate enamel microhardness following bleaching treatments using either high- or low-concentration hydrogen peroxide (HP) agents containing calcium and/or fluoride. Sixty enamel blocks were bleached with 1 of 6 different bleaching agents (n = 10). The high-concentration HP agents were Whiteness HP Maxx (35% HP), Whiteness HP Blue (35% HP, 2% calcium gluconate), Pola Office+ (37.5% HP, 5% potassium nitrate), and Opalescence Boost (38% HP, 1.1% fluoride ion, 3% potassium nitrate)...
May 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469486/a-double-blind-active-controlled-clinical-trial-of-sodium-bicarbonate-and-calcium-gluconate-in-the-treatment-of-bilateral-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee
#16
María Del Carmen Caamaño, Sandra García-Padilla, Miguel Ángel Duarte-Vázquez, Karla Elena González-Romero, Jorge L Rosado
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of intra-articular injections of sodium bicarbonate with a single (SBCG1) or double dose (SBCG2) of calcium gluconate administered monthly compared with methylprednisolone (MP) for treatment of knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A 3-month, randomized, double-blind clinical trial with patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The outcome variables were the Western Ontario-McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and the Lequesne functional index...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467252/enamel-mineral-content-changes-after-bleaching-with-high-and-low-hydrogen-peroxide-concentrations-colorimetric-spectrophotometry-and-total-reflection-x-ray-fluorescence-analyses
#17
Avd Pinto, E C Bridi, Flb Amaral, Fmg França, C P Turssi, C A Pérez, E F Martinez, F M Flório, R T Basting
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the calcium (Ca) and phosphorous (P) content in enamel bleached with high and low concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (HP) using Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence (TXRF) and colorimetric spectrophotometry (SPEC). Forty-eight sound human third molars were used. Their roots were embedded in polystyrene resin and immersed for seven days in an artificial saliva solution. Then they were distributed into six groups to receive the bleaching treatments. The agents of high HP concentration (for in-office use) evaluated were Whiteness HP Maxx/FGM (35% HP), Whiteness HP Blue/FGM (35% HP, 2% calcium gluconate), Pola Office+/SDI (37...
May 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395656/citrate-shows-protective-effects-on-cardiovascular-and-renal-function-in-ischemia-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#18
Anja Bienholz, Jonas Reis, Pinar Sanli, Herbert de Groot, Frank Petrat, Hana Guberina, Benjamin Wilde, Oliver Witzke, Fuat H Saner, Andreas Kribben, Joel M Weinberg, Thorsten Feldkamp
BACKGROUND: Ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) is one of the major causes of acute kidney injury (AKI). Citrate reduces hypoxia-induced mitochondrial energetic deficits in isolated proximal tubules. Moreover, citrate anticoagulation is now frequently used in renal replacement therapy. In the present study a rat model of I/R-induced AKI was utilized to examine renal protection by citrate in vivo. METHODS: AKI was induced by bilateral renal clamping (40 min) followed by reperfusion (3 h)...
April 10, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390833/successful-treatment-of-propafenone-induced-cardiac-arrest-by-calcium-gluconate
#19
Xiaoyu Chen, Zaixing Yang
Propafenone is prescribed for the control of cardiac ventricular arrhythmias. Poisoning from propafenone intoxication is rare, but the survival rate of patients is low. We present a case of a 37-year-old man who developed cardiac arrest due to propafenone intoxication. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, plasmapheresis, and other medical treatments had no effect on cardiac arrest. After repeated administrations of calcium gluconate, the patient achieved a full recovery. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in which a full recovery from cardiac arrest was achieved by administration of calcium gluconate...
August 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382733/iatrogenic-calcinosis-cutis-successfully-treated-with-topical-sodium-thiosulfate
#20
Emilio García-García, Rocío López-López, Concepción Álvarez-Del-Vayo, José Bernabeu-Wittel
Calcinosis cutis is a term used to describe a group of disorders in which calcium salt deposits form in the skin and subcutaneous tissue. We report a 6-year-old boy with hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy who was admitted to the hospital for severe hypocalcemia being treated with calcium gluconate intravenous infusion through peripheral veins. Within a few days we made a diagnosis of iatrogenic calcinosis cutis and treatment with 10% topical sodium thiosulfate was prescribed; complete resolution of lesions was achieved after 6 months, with no local or systemic adverse effects...
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
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