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Calcium gluconate

So Eun Park, Jin Yong Lee, Chul Woo Kim, Sang Seok Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of Dermatology
Bryan Dotson, Patrick Larabell, Jasmine U Patel, Kristoffer Wong, Lina Qasem, William Arthur, Chaim Leiberman, Peter Whittaker, Steven D Tennenberg
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Parenteral calcium is frequently administered to critically ill patients. However, animal studies demonstrate that calcium administration during critical illness heightens inflammation and leads to shock, organ dysfunction, and mortality. We sought to evaluate the association between calcium administration and adverse outcomes in critically ill patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort examined before and during a calcium gluconate shortage...
October 12, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Carlos Acosta-Olivo, Jorge Elizondo-Rodriguez, Ricardo Lopez-Cavazos, Felix Vilchez-Cavazos, Mario Simental-Mendia, Oscar Mendoza-Lemus
BACKGROUND: Many treatment options for plantar fasciitis currently exist, some with great success in pain relief. The objective of our study was to compare the use of intralesional steroids with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), using pain scales and functional evaluation, in patients with plantar fasciitis who did not respond to conservative treatment. METHODS: A controlled, randomized, blinded clinical assay was performed. Patients were assigned to one of the two groups by selecting a sealed envelope...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Igal Kushnir, Alon Kushnir, Thomas E Serena, Doron Garfinkel
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel method using an autologous whole blood clot formed with the RedDress Wound Care System (RD1, RedDress Ltd, Israel), a provisional whole blood clot matrix used in the treatment of chronic wounds of various etiologies. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients were treated at the bedside with the whole blood clot matrix. Blood was withdrawn from each patient using citrate, mixed with a calcium gluconate/kaolin suspension, and injected into an RD1 clotting tray...
September 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Robert K Huston, Carl F Heisel, Benjamin R Vermillion, J Mark Christensen, Leah Minc
INTRODUCTION: Calcium chloride (CaCl2) has been the only calcium additive available in the United States that has a low aluminum (Al) content. Calcium gluconate in glass vials (CaGluc-Gl) has a high Al content while calcium gluconate in plastic vials (CaGluc-Pl) has a low Al content. The purpose of this study was to measure Al concentrations in neonatal parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions prepared using various calcium additives. METHODS: Samples of solutions compounded with CaCl2 or CaGluc-Gl and sodium phosphate (NaPhos) as well as CaGluc-Pl and sodium glycerophosphate (NaGP) with and without cysteine were analyzed for Al content...
September 27, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Hyun Ho Han, Byung Yeun Kwon, Sung No Jung, Suk-Ho Moon
Occupational injuries to digits due to hydrofluoric acid (HFA) are frequently encountered. They have distinctive features, including intense pain, progressive tissue necrosis, and possible bone erosion. To minimize tissue damage, it is of great importance to execute prudent preoperative assessment and determine the correct surgical modality to reconstruct and maintain the function of the hand. However, proper protocols for fingers have not been presented in previous studies. Eight cases with HFA burn to digits were presented to the emergency room...
September 17, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Kenneth Reed, Amy Li, Britney Wilson, Tetchi Assamoi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if the addition of calcium gluconate to gellan solution results in a stronger gel structure on initial exposure to tear fluid due to the displacement of calcium from the gluconate ion by tear monovalent cations (Na(+), K(+)). METHODS: Test solutions of gellan and gellan-calcium gluconate were mixed thoroughly with simulated tear fluid (STF) at a 5:1 ratio. The resulting gel was measured for viscosity at 32°C-36°C...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Joseph K Maddry, Avery Kester, Kennon Heard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Stacey Dineen Rodenbeck, Chad A Zarse, Mikaela L McKenney-Drake, Rebecca S Bruning, Michael Sturek, Neal X Chen, Sharon M Moe
BACKGROUND: Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) exhibit phenotypic plasticity, promoting vascular calcification and increasing cardiovascular risk. Changes in VSMC intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) are a major determinant of plasticity, but little is known about changes in [Ca(2+)]i in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We have previously demonstrated such plasticity in aortas from our rat model of CKD and therefore sought to examine changes in [Ca(2+)]i during CKD progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined freshly isolated VSMCs from aortas of normal rats, Cy/+ rats (CKD) with early and advanced CKD, and advanced CKD rats treated without and with 3% calcium gluconate (CKD + Ca(2+)) to lower parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels...
August 9, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Ibrar Khan, Sadia Qayyum, Shehzad Ahmed, Zeeshan Niaz, Nighat Fatima, Zhen-Ming Chi
The PVGOX gene (accession number: KT452630) was isolated from genomic DNA of the marine fungi Penicillium viticola F1 by Genome Walking and their expression analysis was done by Fluorescent RT-PCR. An open reading frame of 1806bp encoding a 601 amino acid protein (isoelectric point: 5.01) with a calculated molecular weight of 65,535.4 was characterized. The deduced protein showed 75%, 71%, 69% and 64% identity to those deduced from the glucose oxidase (GOX) genes from different fungal strains including; Talaromyces variabilis, Beauveria bassiana, Aspergillus terreus, and Aspergillus niger, respectively...
November 5, 2016: Gene
Sayed Mahdi Marashi, Zeynab Nasri Nasrabadi, Mostafa Jafarzadeh, Sogand Mohammadi
A 40-year-old male patient with suicidal ingestion of one tablet of aluminium phosphide was referred to the department of toxicology emergency of Baharloo Hospital, Tehran, Iran. The garlic odor was smelled from the patient and abdominal pain and continuous vomiting as well as agitation and heartburn were the first signs and symptoms. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures at the arrival time were 95 and 67 mmHg, respectively. Gastric lavage with potassium permanganate (1:10,000), and 2 vials of sodium bicarbonate through a nasogastric tube was started for the patient and the management was continued with free intravenous infusion of 1 liter of NaCl 0...
July 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
De-Lin Liu, Li-Feng Huang, Wen-Liang Ma, Qi Ding, Yue Han, Yue Zheng, Wen-Xiong Li
BACKGROUND: It is unclear that how to decide the calcium infusion rate during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) with regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA). This study aimed to assess the determinants of calcium infusion rate during CVVH with RCA in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: A total of 18 patients with AKI requiring CVVH were prospectively analyzed. Postdilution CVVH was performed with a fixed blood flow rate of 150 ml/min and a replacement fluid flow rate of 2000 ml/h for each new circuit...
July 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Stephany Cares Huber, José Luiz Rosenberis Cunha Júnior, Silmara Montalvão, Letícia Queiroz da Silva, Aline Urban Paffaro, Francesca Aparecida Ramos da Silva, Bruno Lima Rodrigues, José Fabio Santos Duarte Lana, Joyce Maria Annichino-Bizzacchi
INTRODUCTION: The use of PRP has been studied for different fields, with promising results in regenerative medicine. Until now, there is no study in the literature evaluating thrombin levels in serum, used as autologous thrombin preparation. Therefore, in the present study we evaluated the role played by different thrombin concentrations in PRP and the impact in the release of growth factors. Also, different activators for PRP gel formation were evaluated. METHODS: Thrombin levels were measured in different autologous preparations: serum, L-PRP (PRP rich in leukocytes) and T-PRP (thrombin produced through PRP added calcium gluconate)...
2016: Journal of Stem Cells & Regenerative Medicine
Shruthi Eshwar, Rekha K, Vipin Jain, Supriya Manvi, Shivani Kohli, Shekhar Bhatia
INTRODUCTION: Mouthrinses have been in use for centuries as breath fresheners, medicaments, and antiseptics. Dill is said to be a good source of calcium, manganese and iron. It contains flavonoids known for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties. Dill can help with microbial infections in the mouth; and its anti-oxidants minimize damage caused by free radicals to the gums and teeth. Being a good source of calcium, dill also helps with bone and dental health. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of commercially available 0...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
H Knoth, D Maywald, W Walter
Detection of Candida mannan and Aspergillus galactomannan in serum with the Platelia enzyme immunoassay is applied for diagnosing invasive fungal infections. High risk patients for invasive fungal infections are often receiving parenteral nutrition. It is important to know whether false-positive Platelia test results occur during total parenteral nutrition. Studies to false-positivity in intravenous feeding solutions lack so that we start an in-vitro investigation. We used two different enzyme immunoassays to test the feeding solutions...
May 2016: Die Pharmazie
Biljana Vuletić, Slavica Marković, Zoran Igrutinović, Radlović Vladimir, Zorica Rasković, Aleksandra Simović
INTRODUCTION: Hypocalcemic seizures are uncommon in the post-neonatal period. We report an infant with hypocalcemic seizures caused by severe deficiency of vitamin D. CASE OUTLINE: A five-month-old male infant was admitted to hospital in March 2013 with recurrent generalized afebrile seizures resistant to clonazepam therapy. At the clinical examination, the infant showed characteristic rachitic signs, so that after a blood sample was taken for laboratory testing, the infant was given infusion of 2 ml/kg of 10% of calcium gluconate at a rate of 0...
January 2016: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Cynthia L Miltenburg, Todd F Duffield, Dorothee Bienzle, Elizabeth L Scholtz, Stephen J LeBlanc
Prophylactic Ca supplementation immediately after calving is a common strategy to prevent clinical and subclinical hypocalcemia in parturient dairy cows. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of prophylactic administration of an injected Ca supplement on blood Ca concentration at 24 and 48h after treatment, incidence risk of clinical disease and culling, milk production in early lactation, and probability of pregnancy at first insemination. Cows without signs of visible milk fever (n=984) from 7 farms were blocked by parity and randomly assigned to receive either Ca gluconate (35% wt/vol) in combination with Ca glucoheptonate (10% wt/vol; TheraCalcium, Vétoquinol Canada Inc...
August 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Başak Akyildiz, Meda Kondolot, Ali Yikilmaz, Duran Arslan, Selim Kurtoğlu
The most well known complications of fleet enema solution are cardiac insufficiency, renal failure, water-electrolyte imbalance, and ileus. A 7-y-old girl with phenylketonuria and long-term constipation was admitted to the emergency department with symptoms of seizure, vomiting and abdominal distention. Laboratory results revealed hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. ECG findings showed normal sinus rhythm and prolonged QT interval. At the follow-up, the patient's abdominal distention was markedly increased...
June 4, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Andrew Liem Hieu Huynh, Scott Thomas Baker, Andrew James Stewardson, Douglas Forsyth Johnson
PURPOSE: Denosumab-associated hypocalcaemia (DAH) has been reported in patients with osteoporosis or metastatic bone disease and is associated with stages 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD, estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73m(2) ). Other risk factors for hypocalcaemia have not been fully elucidated. We aimed to investigate the incidence of hypocalcaemia amongst patients receiving denosumab and to identify clinical features associated with this adverse event. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study between June 2013 and June 2014 of patients administered denosumab (60/120 mg) at a tertiary hospital in Melbourne, Australia, to identify the incidence of an albumin-adjusted serum calcium concentration <2...
June 3, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
D Ndiaye, K Diongue, K Bane, A Seck, S O Niang, F Lèye Benoist, D Ndiaye, B Touré
INTRODUCTION: Endodontic flora is dominated in the apical part of the channels by strict anaerobic and some facultative anaerobic bacteria but also by Candida yeasts, especially Candida albicans species that are involved in the maintenance and persistence of endodontic infections. Their elimination of the canal system in practice by chemo-mechanical methods of disinfection is not always guaranteed. Thus, this in vitro study was performed to determine the sensitivity of C. albicans with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) dosed at 2...
May 16, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
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