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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535517/coupled-plasma-filtration-adsorption-application-for-liver-and-thyroid-toxins
#1
Gabriele Donati, Irene Capelli, Anna Laura Croci Chiocchini, Nicolò Natali, Anna Scrivo, Gaetano La Manna
Coupled plasma filtration and adsorption (CPFA) is a detoxification system that combines a plasma adsorption circuit and a continuous renal replacement therapy circuit. Its main application is for sepsis and septic shock with or without acute renal failure. Several recent studies have suggested that CPFA can reduce the mortality when the volume of plasma absorbed on the styrenic resin is at least >0.18 L/kg/day. At present, new applications for CPFA are under investigation, also in patients without significant kidney failure...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535395/a-zinc-chloride-doped-adhesive-facilitates-sealing-at-the-dentin-interface-a-confocal-laser-microscopy-study
#2
Manuel Toledano, Raquel Osorio, Estrella Osorio, Inmaculada Cabello, Manuel Toledano-Osorio, Fátima S Aguilera
The aim of this study was to ascertain the effect of Zn-doping of dental adhesives and mechanical load cycling on the micromorphology of the resin-dentin interdiffusion zone (of sound and caries affected dentin). The investigation considered two different Zn-doped adhesive approaches and evaluated the interface using a doubled dye fluorescent technique and a calcium chelator fluorophore under a confocal laser scanning microscopy. Sound and carious dentin-resin interfaces of unloaded specimens were deficiently resin-hybridized, in general...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535357/effects-of-composites-containing-bioactive-glasses-on-demineralized-dentin
#3
A Tezvergil-Mutluay, R Seseogullari-Dirihan, V P Feitosa, G Cama, D S Brauer, S Sauro
The aim of this study was to evaluate the degradation of completely demineralized dentin specimens in contact with a filler-free or 2 ion-releasing resins containing micrometer-sized particles of Bioglass 45S5 (BAG) or fluoride-containing phosphate-rich bioactive glass (BAG-F). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were also used to evaluate the remineralization induced by the experimental ion-releasing resin-based materials. Dentin beams were totally demineralized in H3PO4 (10%) and placed in direct contact with a filler-free (RESIN) or 2 experimental ion-releasing resins (BAG or BAG-F) and immersed in artificial saliva (AS) up to 30 d...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535345/natural-predominance-of-abscisic-acid-in-pongammia-pinnata-karanj-honey-contributed-to-its-strong-antimutagenicity
#4
Sudhanshu Saxena, Jyoti Tripathi, Suchandra Chatterjee, Satyendra Gautam
Various samples of raw (unprocessed) floral honey collected from different geographical locations of India were assayed for its antimutagenicity against ethyl methanesulfonate in E. coli MG1655 cells through rifampicin resistance assay. A monofloral honey ('Pongammia pinnata', local name 'Karanj') displayed maximum antimutagenicity (78.0 ± 1.7; P≤0.05). Solid phase extraction (using amberlite XAD-2 resin) followed by HPLC resulted into different peaks displaying varying antimutagenicity. Peak at retention time (Rt) 27...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534286/development-of-a-novel-resin-based-dental-material-with-dual-biocidal-modes-and-sustained-release-of-ag-ions-based-on-photocurable-core-shell-agbr-cationic-polymer-nanocomposites
#5
Weiwei Cao, Yu Zhang, Xi Wang, Yinyan Chen, Qiang Li, Xiaodong Xing, Yuhong Xiao, Xuefeng Peng, Zhiwen Ye
Research on the incorporation of cutting-edge nano-antibacterial agent for designing dental materials with potent and long-lasting antibacterial property is demanding and provoking work. In this study, a novel resin-based dental material containing photocurable core-shell AgBr/cationic polymer nanocomposite (AgBr/BHPVP) was designed and developed. The shell of polymerizable cationic polymer not only provided non-releasing antibacterial capability for dental resins, but also had the potential to polymerize with other methacrylate monomers and prevented nanoparticles from aggregating in the resin matrix...
July 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533015/in%C3%A2-vitro-comparison-of-the-load-bearing-capacity-of-ceramic-and-metal-ceramic-resin-bonded-fixed-dental-prostheses-in-the-posterior-region
#6
Wolfgang Bömicke, Moritz Waldecker, Johannes Krisam, Peter Rammelsberg, Stefan Rues
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The clinical use of ceramic resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) in the posterior region is desirable for esthetic and biological reasons but has been associated with many technical problems, including fractures or chipping of the veneer. Although these problems may be overcome by using monolithic zirconia, information is lacking about the load-bearing capacity of resin-bonded monolithic zirconia restorations for replacing a molar. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the load-bearing capacity (Fu), the load at initial damage (F1d), and the failure pattern of posterior RBFDPs fabricated from monolithic zirconia (MZr), veneered zirconia (VZr), and veneered cobalt-chromium (VCo)...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533011/effect-of-surface-treatments-on-repair-with-composite-resin-of-a-partially-monoclinic-phase-transformed-yttrium-stabilized-tetragonal-zirconia
#7
Beatriz Regalado Galvão Ribeiro, Marilia Regalado Galvão Rabelo Caldas, Antonio Alves Almeida, Renata Garcia Fonseca, Gelson Luis Adabo
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Studies of composite resin repairs of yttrium-tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) are usually performed in its tetragonal phase, but it may be partially transformed into a monoclinic phase in a clinical fracture. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of airborne-particle abrasion (APA) and a bonding agent on the shear bond strength (SBS) between a composite resin and hydrothermally aged Y-TZP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Specimens (7...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532089/a-poly-2-hydroxyethyl-methacrylate-based-resin-improves-the-dentin-remineralizing-ability-of-calcium-silicates
#8
Paola Taddei, Carlo Prati, Maria Giovanna Gandolfi
Bioactive polymeric composites have received great attention for their capability to remineralize the dentin tissue. This study was aimed at evaluating if a poly(HEMA-co-TEGDMA) resin (HEMA: 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate; TEGDMA: triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate) may increase the in vitro apatite forming ability of a calcium silicate cement (CaSi), in view of developing a hydrophilic light-curable composite bio-remineralizing restorative material (R-CaSi). To this purpose, the following experiments were carried out: (1) In vitro apatite forming ability of R-CaSi and CaSi was comparatively assessed by micro-Raman spectroscopy after immersion of the cement disks in Dulbecco's Phosphate Buffered Saline (DPBS) at 37°C for 1-28days; (2) Previously demineralized human dentin slices were soaked for 7days in close contact with the CaSi and R-CaSi cements as well as poly(HEMA), poly(TEGDMA) and poly(HEMA-co-TEGDMA), and then were comparatively analyzed by IR spectroscopy...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532050/full-in-vitro-analyses-of-new-generation-bulk-fill-dental-composites-cured-by-halogen-light
#9
Tuçe Hazal Tekin, Aysel Kantürk Figen, Pınar Yılmaz Atalı, Bilge Coşkuner Filiz, Mehmet Burçin Pişkin
The objective of this study was to investigate the full in-vitro analyses of new-generation bulk-fill dental composites cured by halogen light (HLG). Two types' four composites were studied: Surefill SDR (SDR) and Xtra Base (XB) as bulk-fill flowable materials; QuixFill (QF) and XtraFill (XF) as packable bulk-fill materials. Samples were prepared for each analysis and test by applying the same procedure, but with different diameters and thicknesses appropriate to the analysis and test requirements. Thermal properties were determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis; the Vickers microhardness (VHN) was measured after 1, 7, 15 and 30days of storage in water...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532027/evaluation-of-different-surface-treatments-on-fiber-post-cemented-with-a-self-adhesive-system
#10
Maíra Prado, Juliana N Marques, Gisele Damiana Pereira, Eduardo M da Silva, Renata A Simão
Surface treatment of fiber-reinforced posts can increase adhesion, especially on the post/resin cement interface. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on fiber post cemented with a self-adhesive system. Sixty fiberglass epoxy resin posts were cleaned, dried and divided into 6 groups (n=10): Control (no surface treatment), silane (silane coupling agent was applied homogeneously on surface), 24% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) (immersion during 1min), blasting (blasting with aluminum oxide for 30s), NH3 plasma (plasma treatment for 3min) and HMDSO plasma (plasma treatment for 15min)...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530844/developing-a-new-generation-of-antimicrobial-and-bioactive-dental-resins
#11
L Cheng, K Zhang, N Zhang, M A S Melo, M D Weir, X D Zhou, Y X Bai, M A Reynolds, H H K Xu
Dental caries is prevalent, and secondary caries causes restoration failures. This article reviews recent studies on developing a new generation of bioactive resins with anticaries properties. Extensive effects were made to develop new antimicrobial composites, bonding agents, and other resins containing quaternary ammonium methacrylates to suppress plaque buildup and bacterial acid production. The effects of alkyl chain length and charge density and the antimicrobial mechanisms for chlorhexidine, nano-silver, quaternary ammonium methacrylates, and protein-repellent agents were discussed...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530385/polymeric-3d-printed-functional-microcantilevers-for-biosensing-applications
#12
Stefano Stassi, Erika Fantino, Roberta Calmo, Annalisa Chiappone, Matteo Gillono, Davide Scaiola, Candido Fabrizio Pirri, Carlo Ricciardi, Alessandro Chiado', Ignazio Roppolo
The present work shows for the first time the production of mass sensitive polymeric biosensors by 3D printing technology with intrinsic functionalities. We demonstrate the feasibility of mass sensitive biosensors in the form of microcantilever in a one-step printing process, using acrylic acid as functional co-monomer for introducing a controlled amount of functional groups that can covalently immobilize the biomolecules onto the polymer. The effectiveness of the application of 3D printed microcantilevers as biosensors is then demonstrated with their implementation in a standard immunoassay protocol...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529841/rapid-and-conformal-coating-of-polymer-resins-by-airbrushing-for-continuous-and-high-speed-roll-to-roll-nanopatterning-parametric-quality-controls-and-extended-applications
#13
Jae Hyuk Lee, Minho Na, Jiyeop Kim, Kangeun Yoo, Jaekyu Park, Jeong Dae Kim, Dong Kyo Oh, Seungjo Lee, Hongseok Youn, Moon Kyu Kwak, Jong G Ok
We present a facile and scalable coating method based on controlled airbrushing, which is suitable for conformal resin coating in continuous roll-to-roll (R2R) nanoimprint lithography (NIL) process. By controlling the concentration of UV-curable polymeric resin with mixing the volatile solvent and its airbrushing time, the coated resin film thickness can be readily tuned. After R2R NIL using a flexible nanoscale line pattern (nanograting) mold is conducted upon the airbrushed resin film, a large-area uniform nanograting pattern is fabricated with controlled residual layer thickness (RLT) based on the initial film thickness...
2017: Nano Convergence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528931/evaluation-of-alternative-monomers-to-hema-for-dental-applications
#14
Sven Tauscher, Jörg Angermann, Yohann Catel, Norbert Moszner
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work is to find potential alternative monomers to 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) for dental materials (self-etch adhesives and luting composites). METHODS: Monomers 1-9 were tested as potential HEMA substitutes. Methacrylates 4, 5 and 6 and (N-methyl)acrylamides 7-9 were synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The reactivity of each monomer was studied using photo-DSC. Mixtures of monomers 1-9 with the urethane dimethacrylate UDMA (1/1: wt/wt) were formulated and cured...
May 18, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528642/minimal-resin-embedding-of-multicellular-specimens-for-targeted-fib-sem-imaging
#15
Nicole L Schieber, Pedro Machado, Sebastian M Markert, Christian Stigloher, Yannick Schwab, Anna M Steyer
Correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM) is a powerful tool to perform ultrastructural analysis of targeted tissues or cells. The large field of view of the light microscope (LM) enables quick and efficient surveys of the whole specimen. It is also compatible with live imaging, giving access to functional assays. CLEM protocols take advantage of the features to efficiently retrace the position of targeted sites when switching from one modality to the other. They more often rely on anatomical cues that are visible both by light and electron microscopy...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528641/preserving-the-photoswitching-ability-of-standard-fluorescent-proteins-for-correlative-in-resin-super-resolution-and-electron-microscopy
#16
Errin Johnson, Rainer Kaufmann
There are many different correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM) techniques available. The use of super-resolution microscopy in CLEM is an emerging application and while offering the obvious advantages of improved resolution in the fluorescence image, and therefore more precise correlation to electron microscopy (EM) ultrastructure, it also presents new challenges. Choice of fluorophore, method of fixation, and timing of the fluorescence imaging are critical to the success of super-resolution CLEM and the relative importance, and technical difficulty, of each of these factors depends on the type of super-resolution microscopy being employed...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528638/triclem-combining-high-precision-room-temperature-clem-with%C3%A2-cryo-fluorescence-microscopy-to-identify-very-rare-events
#17
Nicholas R Ader, Wanda Kukulski
Fiducial-based correlation of fluorescence and electron microscopy data from high-pressure frozen and resin-embedded samples allows for high-precision localization of fluorescent signals to subcellular ultrastructure. Here we introduce the triCLEM procedure to facilitate the identification of very rare events for high-precision correlation. We present a detailed protocol to screen high-pressure frozen cell monolayers on sapphire disks for very rare signals by cryo-fluorescence microscopy, relocate the cells of interest after freeze substitution and Lowicryl embedding, and perform fiducial-based correlation of the identified fluorescent signals to high-magnification electron tomograms...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528630/correlation-of-live-cell-imaging-with-volume-scanning-electron-microscopy
#18
Miriam S Lucas, Maja Günthert, Anne Greet Bittermann, Alex de Marco, Roger Wepf
Live-cell imaging is one of the most widely applied methods in live science. Here we describe two setups for live-cell imaging, which can easily be combined with volume SEM for correlative studies. The first procedure applies cell culture dishes with a gridded glass support, which can be used for any light microscopy modality. The second approach is a flow-chamber setup based on Ibidi μ-slides. Both live-cell imaging strategies can be followed up with serial blockface- or focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528413/dissolved-platinum-concentrations-in-coastal-seawater-boso-to-sanriku-areas-japan
#19
Asami Suzuki Mashio, Hajime Obata, Toshitaka Gamo
Platinum, one of the rarest elements in the earth's crust, is now widely used in a range of products, such as catalytic converters in automobiles and anticancer drugs. Increasing use and dispersal of platinum has the potential to affect aquatic environments. Platinum concentrations in open ocean seawater have been found to be very low (approximately 0.2 pmol/L); however, Pt distributions and biogeochemical cycles in coastal areas are unknown. In this study, we investigated Pt concentrations in coastal waters between the Boso and Sanriku areas, Japan, after the 2011 tsunami...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527844/evaluation-of-various-pretreatments-to-fiber-post-on-the-push-out-bond-strength-of-root-canal-dentin
#20
Ömer Kırmalı, Özlem Üstün, Alper Kapdan, Alper Kuştarcı
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the effect of different pretreatments (fiber post) with the laser-activated irrigation (LAI) technique (for removal of the smear layer) on root canal dentin in terms of push-out bond strength (PBS) in a fiber post. METHODS: Fifty freshly extracted mandibular single-rooted premolars were prepared, and LAI was applied to all roots (17% EDTA was 5 mL for 120 seconds with an erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser [0...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
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