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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#1
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651383/rising-temperature-stimulates-the-biosynthesis-of-water-soluble-fluorescent-yellow-pigments-and-gene-expression-in-monascus-ruber-cgmcc10910
#2
Tao Huang, Hailing Tan, Gong Chen, Lu Wang, Zhenqiang Wu
Monascus species can produce secondary metabolites that have a polyketide structure. In this study, four types of extracellular water-soluble yellow pigments (Y1-Y4) were generated by submerged fermentation with Monascus ruber CGMCC 10910, of which Y3 and Y4 had strong yellow fluorescence. The composition of the pigment mixtures was closely related to the fermentation temperature. The dominating pigments changed from Y1 to Y3 and Y4 when fermentation temperature increased from 30 to 35 °C. Increasing the temperature to 35 °C changed the metabolic pathways of the pigments, which inhibited the biosynthesis of Y1 and enhanced the biosynthesis of Y3 and Y4...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651381/meta-barcoding-in-combination-with-palynological-inference-is-a-potent-diagnostic-marker-for-honey-floral-composition
#3
Rama Chandra Laha, Surajit De Mandal, Lalhmanghai Ralte, Laldinfeli Ralte, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar, Guruswami Gurusubramanian, Ramalingam Satishkumar, Raja Mugasimangalam, Nagesh Aswathnarayana Kuravadi
Identification of floral samples present in honey is important in order to determine the medicinal value, enhance the production of honey as well as to conserve the honey bees. Traditional approaches for studying pollen samples are based on microscopic observation which is laborious, time intensive and requires specialized palynological knowledge. Present study compares two composite honey metagenome collected from 20 samples in Mizoram, Northeast India using three gene loci- rbcL, matK and ITS2 that was sequenced using a next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform (Illumina Miseq)...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651330/rosiglitazone-improves-insulin-resistance-mediated-by-10-12-conjugated-linoleic-acid-in-a-male-mouse-model-of-metabolic-syndrome
#4
Shari Wang, Leela Goodspeed, Katherine E Turk, Barbara Houston, Laura J den Hartigh
Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (10,12 CLA) is a dietary fatty acid that promotes weight loss and disproportionate fat loss. Obese mice fed a high fat high sucrose (HFHS) diet containing 10,12 CLA are resistant to weight gain and contain markedly reduced subcutaneous fat and adiponectin, with a concurrent lack of improvement in insulin sensitivity despite significant weight loss. Taken together, 10,12 CLA promotes a phenotype resembling PPARγ antagonism. Since thiazolidinediones such as rosiglitazone (Rosi) are used clinically to improve insulin sensitivity by activating PPARγ, with particular efficacy in subcutaneous white adipose tissue, we hypothesized that Rosi would improve glucose metabolism in mice losing weight with 10,12 CLA...
June 23, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651230/comparative-proteomic-and-metabolomic-studies-between-prunus-persica-genotypes-resistant-and-susceptible-to-taphrina-deformans-suggest-a-molecular-basis-of-resistance
#5
Camila Goldy, Laura A Svetaz, Claudia A Bustamante, Marco Allegrini, Gabriel H Valentini, María F Drincovich, Alisdair R Fernie, María V Lara
The worldwide-distributed leaf peach curl disease is caused by the biotroph Taphrina deformans. To characterize the plant-fungus interaction, resistant and susceptible Prunus persica genotypes grown in the orchard were studied. Asymptomatic leaves were tested for fungal presence. In all resistant leaves analyzed the fungus was not detected. Conversely, leaves from the susceptible genotype were categorized according to the presence or absence of the pathogen. Comparative metabolomic analysis disclosed the metabolite composition associated with resistant and susceptible interactions, and of compounds involved in fungal growth inhibition such as chlorogenic acid, whose in vitro antifungal activity was verified in this work...
June 17, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651200/nanostructured-micro-raspberries-from-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-studying-agglomeration-degree-and-redispersibility-of-nanoparticulate-powders-via-magnetisation-measurements
#6
Claudia Stauch, Stephan Späth, Thomas Ballweg, Robert Luxenhofer, Karl Mandel
Surface modified superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are assembled into nanostructured micro-raspberry particles via spray drying. The micro-raspberry powder is readily redispersed to individual nanoparticles or nanostructured sub-units, depending on the initially adjusted nanoparticle modification. In this work, it is demonstrated how the technique of magnetic zero-field-cooled/field-cooled (ZFC/FC) measurements can be used to judge the degree of agglomeration, i.e. the extent of hard-agglomerates and soft-agglomerates in a system and predict the redispersibility of the powder particles...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651190/temporal-dynamics-of-the-compositions-and-activities-of-soil-microbial-communities-post-application-of-the-insecticide-chlorantraniliprole-in-paddy-soils
#7
Meng Wu, Jia Liu, Weitao Li, Ming Liu, Chunyu Jiang, Zhongpei Li
Chlorantraniliprole (CAP) is a newly developed insecticide widely used in rice fields in China. There has been few studies evaluating the toxicological effects of CAP on soil-associated microbes. An 85-day microcosm experiment was performed to reveal the dissipation dynamics of CAP in three types of paddy soils in subtropical China. The effects of CAP on microbial activities (microbial biomass carbon-MBC, basal soil respiration-BSR, microbial metabolic quotient-qCO2, acid phosphatase and sucrose invertase activities) in the soils were periodically evaluated...
June 23, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651182/chronic-effects-of-atrazine-exposure-and-recovery-in-freshwater-benthic-diatoms-from-two-communities-with-different-pollution-histories
#8
Rebecca J Wood, Simon M Mitrovic, Richard P Lim, Ben J Kefford
Diffuse agricultural runoff into rivers can result in contamination with herbicides for prolonged periods of time. Chronic exposure to herbicides has the potential to alter toxic impacts in primary producers such as benthic diatoms. Determining how individual diatom taxa respond to herbicide exposure over varied exposure durations is essential for assessing herbicide impacts. This study investigated the responses of various benthic diatom taxa and effects at the community level over 12days of atrazine exposure...
June 19, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651150/cognitive-remediation-improves-executive-functions-self-regulation-and-quality-of-life-in-residents-of-a-substance-use-disorder-therapeutic-community
#9
Ely M Marceau, Jamie Berry, Joanne Lunn, Peter J Kelly, Nadia Solowij
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunction is common in substance use disorder (SUD) populations and hinders treatment. We previously found that 50% of residents in SUD therapeutic communities had been hospitalized for head injuries; this was a significant determinant of cognitive impairment. The current study aimed to establish whether cognitive remediation improves executive functions (EFs) and self-regulation in an ecologically valid sample of female residents attending SUD therapeutic community treatment, including those with past head injuries and psychiatric comorbidities...
June 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651142/fast-pyrolysis-of-durian-durio-zibethinus-l-shell-in-a-drop-type-fixed-bed-reactor-pyrolysis-behavior-and-product-analyses
#10
Y L Tan, A Z Abdullah, B H Hameed
Durian shell (DS) was pyrolyzed in a drop-type fixed-bed reactor to study the physicochemical properties of the products. The experiment was carried out with different particle sizes (up to 5mm) and reaction temperatures (250-650°C). The highest bio-oil yield was obtained at 650°C (57.45wt%) with DS size of 1-2mm. The elemental composition and higher heating value of the feedstock, bio-oil (650°C), and bio-char (650°C) were determined and compared. The compositions of product gases were determined via gas chromatography with thermal conductivity detector...
June 23, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651129/catalytic-upgrading-of-bio-products-derived-from-pyrolysis-of-red-macroalgae-gracilaria-gracilis-with-a-promising-novel-micro-mesoporous-catalyst
#11
Omid Norouzi, Ahmad Tavasoli, Sajedeh Jafarian, Sasan Esmailpour
Conversion of Gracilaria gracilis (G. gracilis) into bio-products was carried out via pyrolysis at different temperatures to determine its potential for phenol-rich bio-oil. Co-Mo supported on zeolites (HZSM-5), mesoporous (HMS) catalysts and their composites (ZH) were investigated and compared to each other on catalytic pyrolysis processes. In non-catalytic tests, the maximum weight percentage of bio-oil was 42wt% at 500°C and had the maximum amount of phenol (6.28wt%). in the catalytic tests by ZH composites; the addition of zeolite content in the structure of composites significantly decreased total concentrations of acetic acid and formic acid from 9...
June 16, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651119/experimental-ultrasonic-characterization-of-polyester-based-materials-for-cultural-heritage-applications
#12
Andres Arciniegas, Loic Martinez, Arnaud Briand, Sophie Prieto, Stéphane Serfaty, Nicolas Wilkie-Chancellier
For several years, the Réunion des musées nationaux - Grand-Palais has produced polyester resin reproductions in order to replace marble sculptures that have weakened by outdoor exposure. These objects are made of a complex multilayered polyester composite material including reinforcements to ensure the mechanical strength of the final structure and mineral fillers that allow to imitate the original aesthetics. However, the final structure also weakens because of constant outdoor exposure and ageing. This observation leads today to conduct research related to the structural health monitoring of reproductions for preventive conservation of cultural heritage...
June 17, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651091/loggerhead-sea-turtles-caretta-caretta-a-target-species-for-monitoring-litter-ingested-by-marine-organisms-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#13
Marco Matiddi, Sandra Hochsheid, Andrea Camedda, Matteo Baini, Cristiano Cocumelli, Fabrizio Serena, Paolo Tomassetti, Andrea Travaglini, Stefano Marra, Tommaso Campani, Francesco Scholl, Cecilia Mancusi, Ezio Amato, Paolo Briguglio, Fulvio Maffucci, Maria Cristina Fossi, Flegra Bentivegna, Giuseppe Andrea de Lucia
Marine litter is any persistent, manufactured or processed solid material discarded, disposed of or abandoned in the marine and coastal environment. Ingestion of marine litter can have lethal and sub-lethal effects on wildlife that accidentally ingests it, and sea turtles are particularly susceptible to this threat. The European Commission drafted the 2008/56/EC Marine Strategy Framework Directive with the aim to achieve a Good Environmental Status (GES), and the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta, Linnaeus 1758) was selected for monitoring the amount and composition of litter ingested by marine animals...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651083/characterization-of-organic-precursors-in-dbp-formation-and-aoc-in-urban-surface-water-and-their-fate-during-managed-aquifer-recharge
#14
Hyun-Chul Kim, Won Mo Lee, Seunghak Lee, Jaewon Choi, Sung Kyu Maeng
In this study, the organic components were identified that are mainly responsible for the formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) and for the biostability of urban surface water. The compositional distribution of dissolved organic matter (DOM) was strongly associated with the potential for both DBP formation and bacterial growth. Further evaluation was carried out (1) to compare the potential for DBP formation upon chlorination of treated water, (2) to determine the biostability that might result from minimizing assimilable organic carbon (AOC), and (3) to use laboratory-scale soil-column experiments to compare the effects of removal of trace organic chemicals (TOrCs) between managed aquifer recharge (MAR) hybrid systems (such as bank filtration followed by artificial recharge and recovery: ARR), and ozonation followed by ARR...
June 14, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651048/nutritional-and-metabolic-characteristics-of-brassica-carinata-coproducts-from-biofuel-processing-in-dairy-cows
#15
Yajing Ban, Nazir Ahmad Khan, Peiqiang Yu
The increased utilization of Brassica carinata in the biofuel industry in Canada has resulted in the large scale production of coproducts that can be potentially exploited as alternative protein ingredient in dairy ration. The objectives of this study were to investigate the nutritive value of carinata presscake and meal for dairy cows in terms of (1) nutrient and anti-nutrient composition; (2) rumen degradation kinetics of organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP) and neutral detergent fiber; (3) hourly effective degradation ratio and potential N to energy synchronization; (4) intestinal digestion of rumen undegraded protein (RUP); and (5) total metabolizable protein (MP) supply to the small intestine...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651046/a-heparan-sulfate-microarray-reveals-that-heparan-sulfate-protein-binding-exhibit-different-ligand-requirements
#16
Chengli Zong, Andre Venot, Xiuru Li, Weigang Lu, Wenyuan Xiao, Josetti Lynn Wilkes, Catherina L Salanga, Tracy M Handel, Lianchun Wang, Margreet A Wolfert, Geert-Jan Boons
Heparan sulfates (HS) are linear sulfated polysaccharides that modulate a wide range of physiological and disease-processes. Variations in HS epimerization and sulfation provide enormous structural diversity, which is believed to underpin protein binding and regulatory properties. The ligand requirements of HS-binding proteins have, however, been defined in only a few cases. We describe here a synthetic methodology that can rapidly provide a library of well-defined HS oligosaccharides. It is based on the use of modular disaccharides to assemble several selectively protected tetrasaccharides that were subjected to selective chemical modifications such as regioselective O- and N-sulfation and selective de-sulfation...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650971/a-lab-on-phone-instrument-with-varifocal-microscope-via-a-liquid-actuated-aspheric-lens-lal
#17
Yiin-Kuen Fuh, Zheng-Hong Lai, Li-Han Kau, Hung-Jui Huang
In this paper, we introduce a novel concept of liquid-actuated aspheric lens (LAL) with a built-in aspheric polydimethylsiloxane lens (APL) to enable the design of compact optical systems with varifocal microscopic imaging. The varifocal lens module consists of a sandwiched structures such as 3d printed syringe pump functionally serves as liquid controller. Other key components include two acrylic cylinders, a rigid separator, a APL/membrane composite (APLMC) embedded PDMS membrane. In functional operation, the fluidic controller was driven to control the pressure difference and ALPMC deformation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650802/translational-motion-tracking-of-leg-joints-for-enhanced-prediction-of-walking-tasks
#18
Roman Mark Stolyarov, Gary Burnett, Hugh Herr
OBJECTIVE: Prediction of walking tasks in powered leg prostheses is an important problem in the development of biomimetic prosthesis controllers. This article proposes a novel method to predict upcoming walking tasks by estimating the translational motion of leg joints using an inertial measurement unit. METHODS: We asked six subjects with unilateral transtibial amputations to traverse flat ground, ramps, and stairs using a powered prosthesis while inertial signals were remotely collected...
June 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650791/deproteinizing-agents-as-an-effective-enamel-bond-enhancer-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Pallavi Hasija, Vinod Sachdev, Shivani Mathur, Rishi Rath
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different deproteinizing agents on shear bond strength of composite to primary teeth enamel. STUDY DESIGN: Forty sound primary molars divided in 4 groups of 10 teeth each. In control group 1, enamel was etched for 60 seconds with 37% phosphoric acid and rinsed with water. Group 2: after acid etching deproteinizing agent 5 % sodium hypochlorite was applied for 60 seconds and rinsed. Group 3: after acid etching deproteinizing agent papain gel was applied for 60 seconds and rinsed...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650778/success-of-dental-treatments-under-behavior-management-sedation-and-general-anesthesia
#20
Sigalit Blumer, Liora Costa, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVE: To present comparative study aims to assist the practitioner to choose between behavior modification (BM) techniques, pharmacologic sedation (N2O-O2 alone or combined with midazolam 0.5 mg/ kg) or routine general anesthesia (GA) for the most successful approach in enabling pediatric dental care. STUDY DESIGN: Dental records of 56 children treated in a university dental clinic between 2006-2016 were reviewed, and data on age, gender, required treatment (amalgam restorations, composite restorations, pulpotomy, and stainless steel crowns [SSC]), treatment approaches and therapeutic success at final follow-up were retrieved...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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