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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434853/interhospital-transfers-of-a-mobile-team-for-organ-preservation-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-controlled-donors-after-circulatory-death
#1
J M Pérez-Villares, R Lara-Rosales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431835/variability-in-the-use-of-neuroimaging-techniques-for-diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-stroke-patients
#2
C Valcárcel-Nazco, D Alonso-Modino, F Montón-Álvarez, R Sabatel-Hernández, M S Pastor-Santoveña, P Mesa-Blanco, J C López-Fernández, P Serrano-Aguilar
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Imaging diagnosis is essential for treatment planning in stroke patients. However, use of these techniques varies due to uncertainty about their effectiveness. Our purpose was to describe the use of CT and MRI in stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) over 5years in hospitals belonging to the Canary Islands Health Service and analyse interhospital variability based on routinely collected administrative data. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We gathered the minimum basic dataset (MBDS) from patients diagnosed with stroke or TIA between 2005 and 2010 in 4hospitals...
April 18, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421624/bayesian-exponential-random-graph-modelling-of-interhospital-patient-referral-networks
#3
Alberto Caimo, Francesca Pallotti, Alessandro Lomi
Using original data that we have collected on referral relations between 110 hospitals serving a large regional community, we show how recently derived Bayesian exponential random graph models may be adopted to illuminate core empirical issues in research on relational coordination among healthcare organisations. We show how a rigorous Bayesian computation approach supports a fully probabilistic analytical framework that alleviates well-known problems in the estimation of model parameters of exponential random graph models...
April 18, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372914/interhospital-transfer-in-patients-on-ecmo-support-an-essential-tool-for-a-critical-care-network
#4
Aitor Uribarri, Ignacio Cruz-González, María José Dalmau, María Concepción Rubia-Martín, Miriam Ochoa, Pedro L Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370216/relational-event-models-for-longitudinal-network-data-with-an-application-to-interhospital-patient-transfers
#5
Duy Vu, Alessandro Lomi, Daniele Mascia, Francesca Pallotti
The main objective of this paper is to introduce and illustrate relational event models, a new class of statistical models for the analysis of time-stamped data with complex temporal and relational dependencies. We outline the main differences between recently proposed relational event models and more conventional network models based on the graph-theoretic formalism typically adopted in empirical studies of social networks. Our main contribution involves the definition and implementation of a marked point process extension of currently available models...
March 30, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368528/interhospital-transfer-of-neurosurgical-patients-implications-of-timing-on-hospital-course-and-clinical-outcomes
#6
Christopher M Holland, Brendan P Lovasik, Brian M Howard, Evan W McClure, Owen B Samuels, Daniel L Barrow
BACKGROUND: Interhospital transfer of neurosurgical patients is common; however, little is known about the impact of transfer parameters on clinical outcomes. Lower survival rates have been reported for patients admitted at night and on weekends in other specialties. Whether time or day of admission affects neurosurgical patient outcomes, specifically those transferred from other facilities, is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of the timing of interhospital transfer on the hospital course and clinical outcomes of neurosurgical patients...
March 23, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362945/complex-routes-of-nosocomial-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-transmission-revealed-by-genome-sequencing
#7
Kathy E Raven, Theodore Gouliouris, Hayley Brodrick, Francesc Coll, Nicholas M Brown, Rosy Reynolds, Sandra Reuter, M Estée Török, Julian Parkhill, Sharon J Peacock
Background: Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) is a leading cause of nosocomial infection. Here, we describe the utility of whole-genome sequencing in defining nosocomial VREfm transmission. Methods: A retrospective study at a single hospital in the United Kingdom identified 342 patients with E. faecium bloodstream infection over 7 years. Of these, 293 patients had a stored isolate and formed the basis for the study. The first stored isolate from each case was sequenced (200 VREfm [197 vanA, 2 vanB, and 1 isolate containing both vanA and vanB], 93 vancomycin-susceptible E...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353068/-interhospital-transport-of-patients-with-ards
#8
N Jahn, M T Voelker, S Bercker, U Kaisers, S Laudi
In patients with severely compromised gas exchange, interhospital transportation is frequently necessary due to the need to provide access to specialized care. Risks are inherent during transport, so the anticipated benefits of transportation must be weighed against the possible negative outcome during the transport. The use of specialized teams during transportation can help to reduce adverse events. Diligent planning of the transportation, monitoring and medical staff during transport can decrease adverse events and reduce risks...
March 28, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336186/variation-in-head-and-neck-cancer-care-in-the-netherlands-a-retrospective-cohort-evaluation-of-incidence-treatment-and-outcome
#9
M de Ridder, A J M Balm, R J Baatenburg de Jong, C H J Terhaard, R P Takes, M Slingerland, E Dik, R J E Sedee, J G A M de Visscher, H Bouman, S M Willems, M W Wouters, L E Smeele, B A C van Dijk
BACKGROUND: To explore variation in numbers and treatment between hospitals that treat head and neck cancer (HNC) in the Netherlands. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient, tumor and treatment characteristics were collected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry, while histopathological features were obtained by linkage to the national pathology record register PALGA. Inter-hospital variation in volume, stage, treatment, pathologically confirmed loco-regional recurrence and overall survival rate was evaluated by tumor site...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325776/noninvasive-respiratory-support-during-pediatric-ground-transport-implementation-of-a-safe-and-feasible-procedure
#10
Nuria Millán, Carme Alejandre, Aina Martinez-Planas, Josep Caritg, Elisabeth Esteban, Martí Pons-Òdena
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this work was to determine the safety and feasibility of noninvasive support in children with acute respiratory failure (ARF) during interhospital ground transport. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center observational clinical study in the pediatric transport unit of a tertiary-care pediatric hospital. We included all subjects with ARF transported from November 2010 to March 2013. A specific noninvasive support protocol was used for all cases...
March 21, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283485/quit-emr-trial-a-prospective-observational-multicentre-study-to-evaluate-quality-and-24%C3%A2-hours-post-transport-morbidity-of-interhospital-transportation-of-critically-ill-patients-study-protocol
#11
Ulrich Strauch, Dennis C J J Bergmans, Joachim Habers, Jochen Jansen, Bjorn Winkens, Dirk J Veldman, Paul M H J Roekaerts, Stefan K Beckers
INTRODUCTION: It is widely accepted that transportation of critically ill patients is high risk. Unfortunately, however, there are currently no evidence-based criteria with which to determine the quality of various interhospital transport systems and their impact on the outcomes for patients. We aim to rectify this by assessing 2 scores which were developed in our hospital in a prospective, observational study. Primarily, we will be examining the Quality of interhospital critical care transportation in the Euregion Meuse-Rhine (QUIT EMR) score, which focuses on the quality of the transport system, and secondarily the SEMROS (Simplified EMR outcome score) which detects changes in the patient's clinical condition in the 24 hours following their transportation...
March 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280094/hirschsprung-s-disease-in-the-uk-and-ireland-incidence-and-anomalies
#12
T J Bradnock, M Knight, S Kenny, M Nair, G M Walker
OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical characteristics and preoperative management of a national cohort of infants with Hirschsprung's disease (HD). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study of all live-born infants with HD born in the UK and Ireland from October 2010 to September 2012. SETTING: All 28 paediatric surgical centres in the UK and Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 305 infants presenting before 6 months of age with histologically proven HD...
March 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274969/cohort-analysis-of-outcomes-in-69%C3%A2-490-emergency-general-surgical-admissions-across-an-international-benchmarking-collaborative
#13
Prem Chana, Mark Joy, Neil Casey, David Chang, Elaine M Burns, Sonal Arora, Ara W Darzi, Omar D Faiz, Carol J Peden
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to use the Dr Foster Global Comparators Network (GC) database to examine differences in outcomes following high-risk emergency general surgery (EGS) admissions in participating centres across 3 countries and to determine whether hospital infrastructure factors can be linked to the delivery of high-quality care. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis of high-risk EGS admissions using GC's international administrative data set. SETTING: 23 large hospitals in Australia, England and the USA...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272069/does-prehospital-time-affect-survival-of-major-trauma-patients-where-there-is-no-prehospital-care
#14
S B Dharap, S Kamath, V Kumar
BACKGROUND: Survival after major trauma is considered to be time dependent. Efficient prehospital care with rapid transport is the norm in developed countries, which is not available in many lower middle and low-income countries. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of prehospital time and primary treatment given on survival of major trauma patients in a setting without prehospital care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was carried out in a university hospital in Mumbai, from January to December 2014...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262279/major-influence-of-interobserver-reliability-on-polytrauma-identification-with-the-injury-severity-score-iss-time-for-a-centralised-coding-in-trauma-registries
#15
Roman Maduz, Patrick Kugelmeier, Severin Meili, Robert Döring, Christoph Meier, Peter Wahl
OBJECTIVE: The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and the Injury Severity Score (ISS) find increasingly widespread use to assess trauma burden and to perform interhospital benchmarking through trauma registries. Since 2015, public resource allocation in Switzerland shall even be derived from such data. As every trauma centre is responsible for its own coding and data input, this study aims at evaluating interobserver reliability of AIS and ISS coding. METHODS: Interobserver reliability of the AIS and ISS is analysed from a cohort of 50 consecutive severely injured patients treated in 2012 at our institution, coded retrospectively by 3 independent and specifically trained observers...
February 21, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235958/prehospital-emergency-care-in-childhood-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#16
Belinda Stojanovski, Paul T Monagle, Ian Mosley, Leonid Churilov, Fiona Newall, Grant Hocking, Mark T Mackay
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Immediately calling an ambulance is the key factor in reducing time to hospital presentation for adult stroke. Little is known about prehospital care in childhood arterial ischemic stroke (AIS). We aimed to determine emergency medical services call-taker and paramedic diagnostic sensitivity and to describe timelines of care in childhood AIS. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of ambulance-transported children aged <18 years with first radiologically confirmed AIS, from 2008 to 2015...
February 24, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216215/direct-admission-versus-interhospital-transfer-for-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#17
Damian Kawecki, Marek Gierlotka, Beata Morawiec, Michał Hawranek, Mateusz Tajstra, Michał Skrzypek, Wojciech Wojakowski, Lech Poloński, Ewa Nowalany-Kozielska, Mariusz Gąsior
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the influence of direct admission versus transfer via regional hospital to a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) center on time delays and 12-month mortality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients from a real-life perspective. BACKGROUND: Reduction of delays to reperfusion is crucial in a STEMI system of care. However, it is still debated whether direct admission to a PCI center is superior to interhospital transfer in terms of long-term prognosis...
February 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196696/patients-hospitalized-abroad-as-importers-of-multiresistant-bacteria-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
T Khawaja, J Kirveskari, S Johansson, J Väisänen, A Djupsjöbacka, A Nevalainen, A Kantele
OBJECTIVES: The pandemic spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria poses a threat to healthcare worldwide, with highest prevalence in indigent regions of the (sub)tropics. As hospitalization constitutes a major risk factor for colonization, infection control management in low-prevalence countries urgently needs background data on patients hospitalized abroad. METHODS: We collected data on 1122 patients who, after hospitalization abroad, were treated at the Helsinki University Hospital between 2010 and 2013...
February 11, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187248/emergency-department-telemedicine-is-used-for-more-severely-injured-rural-trauma-patients-but-does-not-decrease-transfer-a-cohort-study
#19
Nicholas M Mohr, Karisa K Harland, Elizabeth A Chrischilles, Amanda Bell, Dan M Shane, Marcia M Ward
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic injury is a leading cause of death in the United States, and rural populations are at increased risk of injury and death. Rural residents have limited access to trauma care, and telemedicine has been proposed as one strategy to improve the provision of trauma care locally. The objective of this study was to describe patient-level factors associated with telemedicine consultation in North Dakota critical-access hospital (CAH) emergency departments (EDs) and to measure the association between telemedicine consultation and interhospital transfer...
February 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186453/effects-of-distance-and-transport-method-on-intervention-and-mortality-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#20
Jonathan Weyhenmeyer, Cristian F Guandique, Adam Leibold, Stephen Lehnert, Jonathan Parish, Woody Han, Chad Tuchek, Janit Pandya, Thomas Leipzig, Troy Payner, Andrew DeNardo, John Scott, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
OBJECTIVE Most patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) initially present to a hospital that lacks a neurosurgical unit. These patients require interhospital transfer (IHT) to tertiary facilities capable of multidisciplinary neurosurgical intervention. Yet, little is known about the effects of IHT on the outcomes of patients suffering from aSAH. In this study, the authors examined the effects of IHT and transport method on the timing of treatment, rebleed rates, and overall outcomes of patients who have experienced aSAH...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
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