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Folafoluwa O Odetola, Renee R Anspach, Yong Y Han, Sarah J Clark
PURPOSE: To investigate the decision making underlying transfer of children with respiratory failure from level II to level I pediatric intensive care unit care. METHODS: Interviews with 19 eligible level II pediatric intensive care unit physicians about a hypothetical scenario of a 2-year-old girl in respiratory failure: RESULTS: At baseline, indices critical to management were as follows: OI (53%), partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (Pao2)/Fio2 (32%), and inflation pressure (16%)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Lynne Moore, Henry Thomas Stelfox, David Evans, Sayed Morad Hameed, Natalie L Yanchar, Richard Simons, John Kortbeek, Gilles Bourgeois, Julien Clément, François Lauzier, Alexis F Turgeon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the variation in hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) for injury admissions across Canadian provinces and to evaluate the relative contribution of patient case mix and treatment-related factors (intensity of care, complications, and discharge delays) to explaining observed variations. BACKGROUND: Identifying unjustified interprovider variations in resource use and the determinants of such variations is an important step towards optimizing health care...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Ju-Sing Fan, Yen-Chia Chen, Hsien-Hao Huang, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Chorng-Kuang How, Mu-Shuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence and risk factors for interhospital transfer neurological deterioration (IHTND) in patients with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH). METHODS: Consecutive adult patients with first-ever SICH referred to our emergency department (ED) and transported by ambulance from July 2011 through June 2015 were eligible for this prospective observational study. Enrolled patients had SICH with elapsed time <12 hours and a nearly normal Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score (≥13) at presentation...
October 12, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Kerri A Van Arnem, David P Supinski, Jonathan E Tucker, Shawn Varney
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients sustaining blunt injuries are exposed to multiple radiologic studies. Evidence indicates that the risk of cancer from exposure to ionizing radiation rises in direct proportion to the cumulative effective dose (CED) received. The purpose of this study is to quantify the amount of ionizing radiation accumulated when arriving directly from point of injury to San Antonio Military Medical Center (SAMMC), a level I trauma center, compared with those transferred from other facilities...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Daniel W Spaite, Chengcheng Hu, Bentley J Bobrow, Vatsal Chikani, Bruce Barnhart, Joshua B Gaither, Kurt R Denninghoff, P David Adelson, Samuel M Keim, Chad Viscusi, Terry Mullins, Duane Sherrill
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Survival is significantly reduced by either hypotension or hypoxia during the out-of-hospital management of major traumatic brain injury. However, only a handful of small studies have investigated the influence of the combination of both hypotension and hypoxia occurring together. In patients with major traumatic brain injury, we evaluate the associations between mortality and out-of-hospital hypotension and hypoxia separately and in combination. METHODS: All moderate or severe traumatic brain injury cases in the preimplementation cohort of the Excellence in Prehospital Injury Care study (a statewide, before/after, controlled study of the effect of implementing the out-of-hospital traumatic brain injury treatment guidelines) from January 1, 2007, to March 31, 2014, were evaluated (exclusions: <10 years, out-of-hospital oxygen saturation ≤10%, and out-of-hospital systolic blood pressure <40 or >200 mm Hg)...
September 27, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Adambeke Nwozuzu, Manuel L Fontes, Robert B Schonberger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in the inclusion of anesthesiologists in mobile extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) teams between North American and European centers. DESIGN: A retrospective review of North American versus European mobile ECMO teams. The search terms used to identify relevant articles were the following: "extracorporeal membrane transport," "mobile ECMO," and "interhospital transport." SETTING: MEDLINE review of articles...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Amit N Vora, Eric D Peterson, Lisa A McCoy, Mark B Effron, Kevin J Anstrom, Douglas E Faries, Marjorie E Zettler, Gregg C Fonarow, Brian A Baker, Gregg W Stone, Tracy Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined how antiplatelet therapies are selected during the routine care of acute myocardial infarction patients, particularly relative to the patient's estimated mortality and bleeding risks. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention at 233 US hospitals in the TRANSLATE-ACS observational study from April 2010 to October 2012. We developed a multivariable logistic regression model to identify factors associated with prasugrel selection...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
James H Hertzog, Thomas E Pearson, Marc A Priest, Ellen Spurrier, Ryan R Davies
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) for the mechanical support of cardiac failure are being used more frequently in children of increasingly younger age. These children have significant and multiple medical comorbidities, and their length of hospital stay has been increasing. As this population of hospitalized VAD-supported children increases, so does the possibility of their need for interfacility transport for specialized diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Reports on such transports are limited to 3 children who underwent scheduled elective transfers...
September 2016: Air Medical Journal
Himanshu Khurana, Yatin Mehta, Sunil Dubey
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Long distance air travel for medical needs is on the increase worldwide. The condition of some patients necessitates specially modified aircraft, and monitoring and interventions during transport by trained medical personnel. This article presents our experience in domestic and international interhospital air medical transportation from January 2010 to January 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hospital records of all air medical transportation undertaken to the institute during the period were analyzed for demographics, primary etiology, and events during transport...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Charlotte Zerna, Noreen Kamal, M Patrice Lindsay, Jiming Fang, Michael D Hill
BACKGROUND: Interhospital transfer is an important but resource-intensive pattern of care. The use for stroke patients is highly dependent upon health system structure. We examined the impact of hospital transfers for stroke care in Canada. METHODS: We analyzed hospital administrative data within the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) Database for the 3 fiscal years 2011/12, 2012/13 and 2013/14. Patients with clinical stroke syndrome (ischemic or hemorrhagic) were identified using International Classification of Diseases...
September 13, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Maximilian O Joret, Anastasia Dean, Colin Cao, Joanna Stewart, Venu Bhamidipaty
OBJECTIVE: The cost of treating diabetes-related disease in New Zealand is increasing and is expected to reach New Zealand dollars (NZD) 1.8 billion in 2021. The financial burden attached to the treatment of diabetic foot wounds is difficult to quantify and reported costs of treatment vary greatly in the literature. As of yet, no study has captured the true total cost of treating a diabetic foot wound. In this study, we investigate the total minimum cost of treating a diabetic foot ulcer at a tertiary institution...
September 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
James I Hagadorn, Elizabeth A Brownell, Jennifer M Trzaski, Kendall R Johnson, Shabnam Lainwala, Brendan T Campbell, Katherine W Herbst
BACKGROUND: We examined recent trends and interhospital variation in use of indomethacin, ibuprofen, and surgical ligation for PDA in VLBW infants. METHODS: Included in this retrospective study of the Pediatric Hospital Information System database were 13,853 VLBW infants from 19 US children's hospitals, admitted at age < 3 days between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2014. PDA management and in-hospital outcomes were examined for trends and variation. RESULTS: PDA was diagnosed in 5,719 (42%) VLBW infants...
August 10, 2016: Pediatric Research
Leslie A Wong, Ross Milner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Krisztina Kovács, Adrienn Nyul, Gyula Mestyán, Szilvia Melegh, Hajnalka Fenyvesi, Gabriella Jakab, Hajnalka Szabó, Laura Jánvári, Ivelina Damjanova, Ákos Tóth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2016: Infectious Diseases
Pierre Seners, Guillaume Turc, Benjamin Maïer, Jean-Louis Mas, Catherine Oppenheim, Jean-Claude Baron
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After the demonstration of efficacy of bridging therapy, reliably predicting early recanalization (ER; ≤3 hours after start of intravenous thrombolysis) would be essential to limit futile, resource-consuming, interhospital transfers. We present the first systematic review on the incidence and predictors of ER after intravenous thrombolysis alone. METHODS: We systematically searched for studies including patients solely treated by intravenous thrombolysis that reported incidence of ER and its association with baseline variables...
September 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Rachel M Thompson, Cary W Thurm, David H Rothstein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perioperative red blood cell (RBC) ordering and interhospital variability patterns in pediatric patients undergoing surgical interventions at US children's hospitals. STUDY DESIGN: This is a multicenter cross-sectional study of children aged <19 years admitted to 38 pediatric tertiary care hospitals participating in the Pediatric Health Information System in 2009-2014. Only cases performed at all represented hospitals were included in the study, to limit case mix variability...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Aditya Vedantam, Daniel Hansen, Valentina Briceño, Amee Moreno, Sheila L Ryan, Andrew Jea
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of transfer, resource utilization, and clinical outcomes associated with the interhospital transfer of pediatric neurosurgical patients. METHODS All consecutive, prospectively collected requests for interhospital patient transfer to the pediatric neurosurgical service at Texas Children's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed from October 2013 to September 2014. Demographic patient information, resource utilization, and outcomes were recorded and compared across predefined strata (low [< 5%], moderate [5%-30%], and high [> 30%]) of predicted probability of mortality using the Pediatric Risk of Mortality score...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Barclay T Stewart, Adam Gyedu, Christos Giannou, Brijesh Mishra, Norman Rich, Sherry M Wren, Charles Mock, Adam L Kushner
OBJECTIVE: Many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are ill equipped to care for the large and growing burden of vascular conditions. We aimed to develop essential vascular care recommendations that would be feasible for implementation at nearly every setting worldwide, regardless of national income. METHODS: The normative Delphi method was used to achieve consensus on essential vascular care resources among 27 experts in multiple areas of vascular care and public health as well as with experience in LMIC health care...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Rajender K Gattu, Ann-Sophie De Fee, Richard Lichenstein, Getachew Teshome
BACKGROUND: Pediatric interhospital transfers are an economic burden to the health care, especially when deemed unnecessary. Physicians may be unaware of the cost implications of pediatric emergency transfers. A cost analysis may be relevant to reduce cost. OBJECTIVE: To characterize children transferred from outlying emergency departments (EDs) to pediatric ED (PED) with a specific focus on transfers who were discharged home in 12 hours or less after transfer without intervention in PED and analyze charges associated with them...
July 12, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Corinna Clio Zygourakis, Caterina Liu, Philip V Theodosopoulos, Michael T Lawton, Adams Dudley, Ralph Gonzales
INTRODUCTION: Although several articles have shown variation in rates and costs of spinal procedures, there is a paucity of similar research in cranial neurosurgery. Our goal is to determine which factors underlie the variation in cost for the 2 most common intracranial neurosurgical diagnosis-related groups (DRGs): 025 (craniotomy and endovascular intracranial procedure with a major complication or comorbidity [MCC]) and 027 (craniotomy and endovascular intracranial procedure without a complication or comorbidity [CC]/MCC)...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
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