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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638308/pediatric-news
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607214/breaking-bad-news-perceptions-of-pediatric-residents
#2
M G Geeta, P Krishnakumar
The present study evaluated the perceptions and practice of 92 final year pediatric residents with regard to breaking bad news. Only 16% of residents had received any training in communication skills. Majority (65%) of the residents were not comfortable while breaking bad news.
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383193/news-from-the-pediatric-anesthesia-societies-the-german-scientific-working-group-for-paediatric-anaesthesia-wissenschaftlicher-arbeitskreis-kinderan%C3%A3-sthesie-wakka
#3
Karin Becke, Christoph Bernhard Eich, Claudia Höhne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343880/-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-childhood-changing-definition-and-news-from-the-pediatric-consensus-conference
#4
S Dauger, F Le Bourgeois, J Guichoux, O Brissaud
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a rapidly progressive hypoxemic respiratory insufficiency induced by alveolar filling mainly caused by alveolocapillary wall disruption, following direct or indirect pulmonary injury. Much less frequent in children than in adults, pediatric intensivists had long applied adult guidelines to their daily practice. In 2015, experts from the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference (PALICC) published the first international guidelines specifically dedicated to pediatric ARDS...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286527/interactive-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-modules-for-pediatric-residents
#5
Mindy K Ross, Ami Doshi, London Carrasca, Patricia Pian, JoAnne Auger, Amira Baker, James A Proudfoot, Mark S Pian
Background. There is a need for increased palliative care training during pediatric residency. Objective. In this pilot study, we created a comprehensive experiential model to teach palliative care skills to pediatric residents. Our Comfort Care Modules (CCMs) address pediatric palliative care (PPC) topics of breaking bad news, dyspnea, anxiety, pain management, and the dying child. We also evaluated a scoring system and gathered qualitative data. Methods. The CCMs are part of the University of California San Diego pediatric residency's second-year curriculum...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076529/relationships-between-oncohematopediatrics-mothers-and-children-in-communicating-bad-news
#6
Selene Beviláqua Chaves Afonso, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo
We present a study about the relations between pediatric oncological haematologists, mothers, and children in sharing bad news (BN) in a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro. The text emphasizes the intertwining of technique and emotions for the treatment of children with diagnoses in which the fatal outcome is always a probability. We used a qualitative approach, privileging participant observation and open interviews with oncologists (at this service all professionals were female) and mothers. We sought to understand the importance of communication which includes expressions and control of emotions; bioethical issues that require sensitivity, serenity, and truth about approaching the end of life; and how the professionals balance proximity to children and families and objectivity in their activity...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996996/-ecg-for-non-competitive-sports-in-childhood-strengths-and-disputes
#7
Elena Poggi, Alessandro Giannattasio, Sara Bolloli, Andrea Beccaria, Paola Mezzano, Paola Rocca, Cecilia Del Vecchio
BACKGROUND: Sport is very important for health promotion and conservation. Active lifestyle and regular exercise reduce cardiovascular disease incidence. The Italian Ministry of Health issued the Law Decree no. 243 (10/18/2014) concerning "guidelines for certification about non-competitive sports" to promote safety in sports. This regulation defines the activities for which a certificate is required, the professional actors involved and the clinical exams to be performed according to the patient's health status...
November 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940770/a-quality-improvement-initiative-improving-the-frequency-of-inpatient-electronic-prescribing
#8
Jennifer Fuchs, Huay-Ying Lo, Andrew Peterman, Elizabeth Camp, Lindsay Chase
OBJECTIVE: To improve the frequency of electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) of discharge prescriptions at a children's hospital via a bundle of quality improvement interventions. METHODS: Surveys and focus groups were conducted with patient families and pediatric residents to identify barriers and propose solutions to e-prescribing. These data were used to generate a series of interventions, including the following: (1) provider education; (2) changes in patient registration workflow; and (3) electronic health record changes to improve the frequency of e-prescribing on the pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) service...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858529/who-s-responsible-media-framing-of-pediatric-environmental-health-and-mothers-perceptions-of-accountability
#9
Susan Mello, Andy S L Tan
How the media frames issues of environmental health may affect mothers' views of who is responsible for addressing environmental risks to pediatric health and, ultimately, their protective behaviors. This article describes how information-oriented media sources attribute responsibility for such risks and examines associations between mothers' routine media exposure, or scanning, and perceptions of responsibility. First, a content analysis was conducted on a sample of 474 media stories (i.e., Associated Press, parenting magazines, and websites) about childhood exposure to environmental chemicals over a 6-month period (September 2012-February 2013)...
December 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782961/using-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination-to-assess-acgme-competencies-in-pediatric-gastroenterology-fellows
#10
Aliza B Solomon, Rachel Reed, Keith Benkov, Joseph Kingsbery, Sarah S Lusman, Lisa B Malter, Jeremiah Levine, Simon S Rabinowitz, Martin Wolff, Sondra Zabar, Elizabeth Weinshel
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has described 6 core competencies with which trainees should demonstrate proficiency. Using the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), we aimed to assess 4 of these competencies among Pediatric Gastrointestinal (GI) fellows (PGs). METHODS: Eight first-year PGs from 6 medical centers in the New York area participated in a 4-station OSCE with trained standardized patient (SP) actors. The cases included an emergency department (ED) consult, or "ED Consult" for lower gastrointestinal bleeding; "Breaking Bad News" focusing on CF nutritional complications; "Second Opinion" for abdominal pain; "Transition of Care" for inflammatory bowel disease...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753115/readability-of-pediatric-otolaryngology-information-by-children-s-hospitals-and-academic-institutions
#11
Kevin Wong, Jessica R Levi
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate the readability of pediatric otolaryngology-related patient education materials from leading online sources. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: All pediatric otolaryngology-related articles from the online patient health libraries of the top 10 US News & World Report-ranked children's hospitals, top 5 Doximity-ranked pediatric otolaryngology fellowships, and the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery were collected...
April 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736263/adverse-events-associated-with-pediatric-exposures-to-dextromethorphan
#12
Ian M Paul, Kate M Reynolds, Ralph E Kauffman, William Banner, G Randall Bond, Robert B Palmer, Randy I Burnham, Jody L Green
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Dextromethorphan is the most common over-the-counter (OTC) antitussive medication. We sought to characterize adverse events associated with dextromethorphan in children <12 years old from a surveillance program of OTC cough/cold medication exposures. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of oral exposures to dextromethorphan with ≥1 adverse event from multiple U.S. sources (National Poison Data System, FDA Adverse Event Reporting System, manufacturer safety reports, news/media, medical literature) reported between 2008 and 2014...
January 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605076/going-straight-to-the-source-a-pilot-study-of-bereaved-parent-facilitated-communication-training-for-pediatric-subspecialty-fellows
#13
Jennifer M Snaman, Erica C Kaye, Melody J Cunningham, April Sykes, Deena R Levine, Daniel Mahoney, Justin N Baker
BACKGROUND: Medical trainees consistently report suboptimal instruction and poor self-confidence in communication skills. Despite this deficit, few established training programs provide comprehensive, pediatric-specific communication education, particularly in the provision of "bad news." To our knowledge, no programs currently use bereaved parent educators to facilitate communication training for pediatric subspecialty trainees. PROCEDURE: The authors designed and implemented a pilot communication training seminar in which bereaved parent educators and faculty facilitators led small groups in interactive, role-play scenarios...
January 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561728/prognostic-disclosures-to-children-a-historical-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Bryan A Sisk, Myra Bluebond-Langner, Lori Wiener, Jennifer Mack, Joanne Wolfe
Prognostic disclosure to children has perpetually challenged clinicians and parents. In this article, we review the historical literature on prognostic disclosure to children in the United States using cancer as an illness model. Before 1948, there was virtually no literature focused on prognostic disclosure to children. As articles began to be published in the 1950s and 1960s, many clinicians and researchers initially recommended a "protective" approach to disclosure, where children were shielded from the harms of bad news...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561119/the-impact-of-high-profile-sexual-abuse-cases-in-the-media-on-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#15
Dustin D Flannery, Clare L Stephens, Amy D Thompson
High-profile media cases of sexual abuse may encourage disclosures of abuse from victims of unrelated assaults and also influence parental concerns, leading to increased emergency department visits. In the region of the study authors' institution, there are two recent high-profile sexual abuse cases with media coverage: Earl Bradley, a Delaware pediatrician, and Jerry Sandusky, a Pennsylvania college football coach. This is a retrospective cohort study of children evaluated for sexual abuse at a pediatric emergency department...
August 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532366/improving-communication-collaboration-and-faculty-comfort-in-communicating-difficult-news-in-the-pediatric-radiology-department
#16
Bernadette L Koch, Dianne Hater, Katherine Nees, A Catherine Leopard
OBJECTIVE: When an unexpected or significant diagnosis is made while imaging a child, the pediatric radiologist and support staff are placed in the middle of a life-changing event for the patient and family. The process by which this situation is handled can be quite variable in part because of the lack of a preexisting relationship between the pediatric radiologist and the patient and family. Therefore, we developed a program to improve effective communication of unexpected or significant diagnoses to families called the Difficult News Program...
November 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387784/about-intracranial-hypertension-in-pediatric-patients-good-news-about-treatment-but-what-about-the-role-of-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-measurement-in-the-diagnosis
#17
Adriana Stama Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335708/creation-and-assessment-of-a-bad-news-delivery-simulation-curriculum-for-pediatric-emergency-medicine-fellows
#18
Corrie E Chumpitazi, Chris A Rees, Bruno P Chumpitazi, Deborah C Hsu, Cara B Doughty, Martin I Lorin
Background  Bad news in the context of health care has been broadly defined as significant information that negatively alters people's perceptions of the present or future. Effectively delivering bad news (DBN) in the setting of the emergency department requires excellent communication skills. Evidence shows that bad news is frequently given inadequately. Studies show that trainees need to devote more time to developing this skill through formalized training. This program's objectives were to utilize trained standardized patients in a simulation setting to assist pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows in the development of effective, sensitive, and compassionate communication with patients and family members when conveying bad news, and to recognize and respond to the patient/parent's reaction to such news...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273858/asthma-in-adolescence-is-there-any-news
#19
REVIEW
Diletta de Benedictis, Andrew Bush
Asthma is a chronic disease that has a significant impact quality of life, which is particularly important in adolescence. We will discuss aspects of epidemiology, the clinical spectrum, diagnostics, and management of asthma in adolescence. In particular, we will highlight the psychological implications of having asthma during this developmental period. Data published in the past 10 years, since we last reviewed the subject, will be the main focus of this paper. The care of the teenager with asthma should take into account the rapid physical, emotional, cognitive, and social changes that occur during normal adolescence...
January 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209342/why-we-need-a-process-on-breaking-news-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Aurélie Chausset, Anne-Laure Gominon, Nathalie Montmaneix, Stéphane Echaubard, Séverine Guillaume-Czitrom, Benoit Cambon, Cécile Miele, Emmanuelle Rochette, Etienne Merlin
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is the most common chronic pediatric rheumatic disease. The announcement of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis poses for parents a number of challenges that make it hard to accept a diagnosis of the disease for their child; yet to our knowledge, no study to date has focused on the time period immediately surrounding the diagnosis. This study sets out to describe parents' experiences in engaging with their child's diagnosis of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis...
May 21, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
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