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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291399/resection-and-primary-closure-of-edematous-glossoepiglottic-mucosa-in-a-dog-causing-laryngeal-obstruction
#1
Kevin J Schabbing, Jeffrey A Seaman
An approximately 22 mo old male neutered English bulldog was evaluated for acute onset of dyspnea with suspected brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS). Laryngoscopic exam revealed diffuse, severe edema and static displacement of redundant glossoepiglottic (GE) mucosa causing complete obstruction of the larynx and epiglottic entrapment. Static displacement of the GE mucosa was observed and determined to be the overriding component of dyspnea in this patient with BOAS. Resection and primary closure with two separate, simple continuous sutures of the GE mucosa were performed...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283076/prevalence-of-thoracic-vertebral-malformations-in-french-bulldogs-pugs-and-english-bulldogs-with-and-without-associated-neurological-deficits
#2
R Ryan, R Gutierrez-Quintana, G Ter Haar, Steven De Decker
Congenital vertebral malformations are common incidental findings in small breed dogs. This retrospective observational study evaluated the type and prevalence of thoracic vertebral malformations in 171 neurologically normal and 10 neurologically abnormal screw-tailed brachycephalic dogs. Neurologically normal dogs underwent CT for reasons unrelated to spinal disease, while affected dogs underwent MRI. Imaging studies were reviewed and vertebral malformations including hemivertebrae, block vertebrae, transitional vertebrae, and spina bifida were documented...
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282230/nebulized-adrenaline-in-the-postoperative-management-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-a-pug
#3
Jenny Ellis, Elizabeth Ann Leece
Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome is a common problem in certain breeds, and may necessitate surgical procedures, such as rhinoplasty, palatoplasty, laryngeal sacculectomy, and/or arytenoid laryngoplasty, to improve the quality of life. However, laryngeal edema may necessitate the use of temporary tracheostomy tubes postoperatively to maintain a patent airway. This case demonstrates that administration of nebulized adrenaline in the immediate postoperative period where upper airway obstruction is life threatening can be used to reduce edema, therefore avoiding the need for tracheostomy...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218030/incidence-of-radiographic-cystic-lesions-associated-with-unerupted-teeth-in-dogs
#4
Sam G Babbitt, Mary Krakowski Volker, Ira R Luskin
Medical records and radiographs were retrospectively reviewed over a 3-year period (2012-2015) from dogs presented to a private dental referral practice. Medical records were evaluated for the diagnosis of impacted or embedded teeth. The identified dogs' radiographs were reviewed for the presence of radiographically significant cystic lesions that were associated with the impacted or embedded teeth. Radiographic criteria were established by the authors for the purposes of identifying cystic lesions in dogs of different breeds and sizes, using established indices from human dental pathology as a basis...
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190494/suspected-x-linked-facial-dysmorphia-and-growth-retardation-in-related-labrador-retriever-puppies
#5
C Dierks, H Hoffmann, F Heinrich, M Hellige, M Hewicker-Trautwein, O Distl
Seven male Labrador retriever puppies from four different litters were identified with a brachycephalic-like face and skull, associated with low birth weight, severe growth retardation, and reduced abilities to crawl and suckle, which were not compatible with survival. Excessive doming of the cranium, brachygnathia superior and inferior, and an abnormally opened fontanelle were found in all affected puppies by computed tomography and at post-mortem examination. Pedigree analysis supported an X-linked recessive mode of inheritance...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146288/outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-surgical-treatments-for-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-3-breeds
#6
Nai-Chieh Liu, Gerhard U Oechtering, Vicki J Adams, Lajos Kalmar, David R Sargan, Jane F Ladlow
OBJECTIVE: To determine prognostic indicators for the surgical treatment of brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) and to compare the prognosis of 2 multilevel surgical procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Client-owned pugs, French bulldogs, and bulldogs (n = 50). METHODS: Noninvasive whole-body barometric plethysmography (WBBP) was used to assess respiratory function before, 1 month and 6 months after upper airway corrective surgery...
February 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093105/comparison-of-submaximal-exercise-test-results-and-severity-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-english-bulldogs
#7
Liisa Lilja-Maula, Anu K Lappalainen, Heli K Hyytiäinen, Erja Kuusela, Mirja Kaimio, Kirsti Schildt, Sari Mölsä, Mikael Morelius, Minna M Rajamäki
Canine brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) is a complex respiratory disease related to congenitally flattened facial and skull anatomy. BOAS causes respiratory distress, heat and exercise intolerance, and gastrointestinal signs. English bulldogs (EB) have a high prevalence of BOAS. Currently, the severity of BOAS signs in veterinary practice is assessed subjectively. To reduce BOAS in brachycephalic breeds, an objective and easy-to-use tool could help breeders select healthier animals. Exercise tests, such as the 6 min walk test (distance walked measured) or the 1000 m walk test (duration measured), could be used to assess the severity of BOAS, as exercise intolerance and impaired recovery are key features of BOAS...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074710/canine-spinal-cord-glioma
#8
Daniel R Rissi, Renee Barber, Annabelle Burnum, Andrew D Miller
Spinal cord glioma is uncommonly reported in dogs. We describe the clinicopathologic and diagnostic features of 7 cases of canine spinal cord glioma and briefly review the veterinary literature on this topic. The median age at presentation was 7.2 y. Six females and 1 male were affected and 4 dogs were brachycephalic. The clinical course lasted from 3 d to 12 wk, and clinical signs were progressive and associated with multiple suspected neuroanatomic locations in the spinal cord. Magnetic resonance imaging of 6 cases revealed T2-weighted hyperintense lesions with variable contrast enhancement in the spinal cord...
January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052420/a-novel-approach-to-brachycephalic-syndrome-3-isolated-laser-assisted-turbinectomy-of-caudal-aberrant-turbinates-cat-late
#9
Riccarda Schuenemann, Sabine Pohl, Gerhard U Oechtering
OBJECTIVE: To describe isolated laser-assisted turbinectomy of caudal aberrant turbinates (CAT LATE) as a new minimally invasive surgical procedure for the treatment of brachycephalic dogs with obstructing caudal aberrant turbinates (CAT). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Brachycephalic dogs (24 Pugs, 1 English Bulldog) with CAT but adequate air spaces between the lamellae of the nonobstructing ventral nasal concha. METHODS: A rhinoscopically guided diode laser fiber introduced from anterior was used to dissect CAT within the nasopharyngeal meatus, while leaving the intranasal turbinates intact...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035660/morphological-integration-of-the-cranium-in-homo-pan-and-hylobates-and-the-evolution-of-hominoid-facial-structures
#10
Dimitri Neaux
OBJECTIVES: Modern humans diverge from other extant hominids (chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans) in a series of craniofacial morphological features. Like hylobatids, they possess a face with a reduced subnasal prognathism that is associated with a globular basicranium. These traits are not independent, as the skull is a complex integrated structure. The aim of the present study is to determine relationships between the face and the basicranium in two hominid genera (Homo and Pan) and a hylobatid genus (Hylobates) to test if these taxa share common patterns of integration linking these structures...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854338/selection-of-breeding-stock-among-australian-purebred-dog-breeders-with-particular-emphasis-on-the-dam
#11
Veronika Czerwinski, Michelle McArthur, Bradley Smith, Philip Hynd, Susan Hazel
Every year, thousands of purebred domestic dogs are bred by registered dog breeders. Yet, little is known about the rearing environment of these dogs, or the attitudes and priorities surrounding breeding practices of these dog breeders. The objective of this study was to explore some of the factors that dog breeders consider important for stock selection, with a particular emphasis on issues relating to the dam. Two-hundred and seventy-four Australian purebred dog breeders, covering 91 breeds across all Australian National Kennel Club breed groups, completed an online survey relating to breeding practices...
November 16, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827801/shape-of-the-feline-cerebellum-and-occipital-bone-related-to-breed-on-mri-of-200-cats
#12
Xander Huizing, Andy Sparkes, Ruth Dennis
OBJECTIVES: The MRI features of the feline cerebellum and occipital bone have not previously been described in the literature. The aims of this study were three-fold. Firstly, to document variations in cerebellar shape on MRI in neurologically normal cats to support our hypothesis that crowding of the contents of the caudal fossa or herniation of the cerebellar vermis through the foramen magnum occurs frequently as an anatomical variant. Secondly, to document variations in the morphology of the occipital bone...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811051/comparison-of-the-use-of-ligasure-versus-a-standard-technique-for-tonsillectomy-in-dogs
#13
A Belch, M Matiasovic, R Rasotto, J Demetriou
The principal aim of this study was to document the effectiveness of tonsillectomy in dogs using a vessel-sealing device compared with a standard technique with tonsillectomy forceps. A secondary aim of the study was to document histopathological changes of the excised tonsillar tissue in dogs with brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome. 20 dogs were studied. The time taken to remove a tonsil using LigaSure was a mean of 44.8 seconds (sd 15 seconds, 95 per cent CI 40  to 57 seconds) and with the standard technique a mean of 305...
February 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760042/use-of-elements-of-the-stewart-model-strong-ion-approach-sid3-sid4-atot-a-side-and-sig-for-the-diagnostics-of-respiratory-acidosis-in-brachycephalic-dogs
#14
P Sławuta, G Sapikowski, B Sobieraj
Buffer systems of blood and tissues, which have the ability to bind with and give up hydrogen ions, participate in maintaining the acid-base balance (ABB) of the organism. According to the classic model, the system of carbonic acid and bicarbonates, where the first component serves the role of an acid and the second a base, determines plasma pH. The so-called Stewart model, which assumes that ions in blood serum can be separated into completely dissociated - nonbuffer and not dissociated - buffer ions which may give up or accept H+ions, also describes the ABB of the organism...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758905/bva-hopes-for-a-national-conversation-on-brachycephalic-dogs
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684552/paul-broca-s-search-for-basque-skulls-the-full-story
#16
Santiago Giménez-Roldán
Paul Broca surmised that the short and broad-brachycephalic-skulls of the earliest European settlers had become longer and narrower-dolichocephalic-in modern populations due to the blending of different races. Swedish anatomist Anders Retzius had two brachycephalic skulls said to be from contemporary Basque individuals, a claim suited to test Broca's hypothesis. Broca worked with fellow anatomist and surgeon Pedro González Velasco, the founding father of Spanish anthropology, to gather a large number of Basque skulls...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587891/factors-associated-with-major-complications-in-the-short-term-postoperative-period-in-dogs-undergoing-surgery-for-brachycephalic-airway-syndrome
#17
Jennifer J Ree, Milan Milovancev, Laura A MacIntyre, Katy L Townsend
Surgical correction of brachycephalic airway syndrome (BAS) in dogs has been reported to result in low complication rates and good long-term outcomes. Previous reports have not identified risk factors for the development of complications following BAS surgery. This retrospective study evaluated a wide variety of patient- and procedure-related, pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative factors for an association with the development of major postoperative complications in the short-term period following BAS surgery...
September 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508338/use-of-ct-to-evaluate-and-compare-intranasal-features-in-brachycephalic-and-normocephalic-dogs
#18
M Auger, K Alexander, G Beauchamp, M Dunn
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare nasal mucosal contact, septal deviation and caudal aberrant nasal turbinates in brachycephalic and normocephalic dogs using computed tomography. METHODS: Dogs without nasal disease and having undergone computed tomography scan of the head (plica alaris to the cribiform plate) were retrospectively selected and divided into brachycephalic and normocephalic groups. Eighteen brachycephalic and 32 normocephalic dogs were included. Anatomic criteria were used to locate predetermined pairs of intranasal structures and nasal mucosal contact was described as present or absent for each site...
October 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493035/brachycephalic-dogs-bva-calls-for-revised-breed-standards
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468727/in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-of-brachycephalic-dogs-with-and-without-superficial-corneal-pigment
#20
Lucien V Vallone, Andrew M Enders, Hussni O Mohammed, Eric C Ledbetter
OBJECTIVE: To characterize canine superficial corneal pigment (SCP) in brachycephalic dogs using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). ANIMALS STUDIED: Fifty-seven client-owned brachycephalic dogs from breeds predisposed to SCP (i.e., Boston Terrier, Lhasa Apso, Pekingese, Pug, and Shih Tzu). PROCEDURES: Complete ocular examination, including slit-lamp biomicroscopy, was used to determine presence or absence of SCP, and IVCM examinations were then performed...
July 29, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
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