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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440606/gait-abnormalities-in-brachycephalic-breeds-should-we-be-more-concerned
#1
Aurelien Jeandel, Laurent Garosi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380865/nasopharyngeal-sialoceles-in-11-brachycephalic-dogs
#2
Davide De Lorenzi, Diana Bertoncello, Chiara Mantovani, Enrico Bottero
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical features, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and outcomes of brachycephalic dogs with nasopharyngeal sialoceles (NPS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eleven brachycephalic dogs with NPS. METHODS: Diagnosis of NPS was based on identification of cystic nasopharyngeal masses containing saliva-like mucoid material on retroflexed endoscopy. Biopsies were obtained to support the diagnosis...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374126/continuing-the-campaign-on-brachycephalic-dogs
#3
Mark Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359973/magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-of-olfactory-bulb-angle-and-soft-palate-dimensions-in-brachycephalic-and-nonbrachycephalic-dogs
#4
David A Barker, Carlos Rubiños, Olivier Taeymans, Jackie L Demetriou
OBJECTIVE To determine from MRI measurements whether soft palate length (SPL) and thickness are correlated in dogs, evaluate the association between the olfactory bulb angle (OBA) and degree of brachycephalia, and determine the correlation between soft palate-epiglottis overlap and OBA in dogs. ANIMALS 50 brachycephalic and 50 nonbrachycephalic client-owned dogs without abnormalities of the head. PROCEDURES Medical records and archived midsagittal T2-weighted MRI images of brachycephalic and nonbrachycephalic dogs' heads were reviewed...
February 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336085/endotracheal-tube-placement-during-computed-tomography-of-brachycephalic-dogs-alters-upper-airway-dimensional-measurements
#5
Nai-Chieh Liu, Eileen L Troconis, Matthew McMillan, Marie-Aude Genain, Lajos Kalmar, David J Price, David R Sargan, Jane F Ladlow
Computed tomography (CT) is used to document upper airway lesions in dogs with brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome. The presence of an endotracheal tube during CT scanning is often required for general anesthesia. We hypothesized that the endotracheal tube placement would change the soft tissue dimensions of the upper airway. The aims of this prospective, method comparison study were to evaluate the reliability of the previously reported upper airway CT measurements with endotracheal tube placement, and to propose measurements that are minimally affected by the endotracheal tube...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326527/treatment-of-a-class-ii-malocclusion-with-deep-overbite-in-an-adult-patient-using-intermaxillary-elastics-and-spee-curve-controlling-with-reverse-and-accentuated-archwires
#6
Fabrício Pinelli Valarelli, Ronaldo Carniel, Paula Patrícia Cotrin-Silva, Mayara Paim Patel, Rodrigo Hermont Cançado, Karina Maria Salvatore Freitas, Marcos Roberto de Freitas
This paper aimed to describe the orthodontic treatment of an adult patient with the following characteristics: asymmetric Class II malocclusion, left subdivision, mandibular midline shifted to the left, mild mandibular anterior crowding, excessive overbite, 4-mm overjet, and a brachycephalic facial pattern. A 31-year-old male patient, treated with fixed preadjusted appliance with Roth prescription, with leveling and alignment NiTi archwire sequence. To correct the asymmetric Class II malocclusion, midline shift as well the overjet and overbite, intermaxillary elastics and accentuated and reversed stainless steel archwires were used, respectively...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305484/take-action-on-brachycephalic-dogs
#7
(no author information available yet)
BVA Policy Officer Hayley Atkin explains how the BVA's policy position on brachycephalic dogs can support you to take action with the #breedtobreathe campaign.
January 6, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304802/evaluation-of-the-influence-of-kyphosis-and-scoliosis-on-intervertebral-disc-extrusion-in-french-bulldogs
#8
Maria Claudia C M Inglez de Souza, Richard Ryan, Gert Ter Haar, Rowena M A Packer, Holger A Volk, Steven De Decker
BACKGROUND: Although thoracic vertebral malformations with kyphosis and scoliosis are often considered incidental findings on diagnostic imaging studies of screw-tailed brachycephalic breeds, they have been suggested to interfere with spinal biomechanics and intervertebral disc degeneration. It is however unknown if an abnormal spinal curvature also predisposes dogs to develop clinically relevant intervertebral disc herniations. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the occurrence of thoracic vertebral malformations, kyphosis or scoliosis would be associated with a higher prevalence of cervical or thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion in French bulldogs...
January 5, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290519/reduced-intercarotid-artery-distance-in-syndromic-and-isolated-brachycephaly
#9
Reza Assadsangabi, Mehrdad Hajmomenian, Seyed Ali Nabavizadeh, James Eric Schmitt, Arastoo Vossough
INTRODUCTION: The morphology of the skull base can be altered in craniosynostoses. The objective of this study is to evaluate the reduced intercarotid artery distance in the lacerum segment in patients with syndromic and isolated brachycephaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distances between the inner walls of the carotid canal at the lacerum segment were measured on high-resolution CT scans in children with Crouzon (25), Pfeiffer (21), Apert (26), Saethre-Chotzen (7) syndromes, isolated bicoronal synostosis (9), and compared to an age-matched control group (30)...
October 9, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287156/evaluation-of-the-diagnostic-yield-of-dental-radiography-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-for-the-identification-of-dental-disorders-in-small-to-medium-sized-brachycephalic-dogs
#10
Sophie Döring, Boaz Arzi, David C Hatcher, Philip H Kass, Frank J M Verstraete
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic yield of dental radiography (Rad method) and cone-beam CT (CBCT) methods for the identification of 31 predefined dental disorders in brachycephalic dogs. ANIMALS 19 client-owned brachycephalic dogs admitted for evaluation and treatment of dental disease. PROCEDURES 31 predefined dental disorders were evaluated separately and scored by use of dental radiography and 3 CBCT software modules (serial CBCT slices and custom cross sections, tridimensional rendering, and reconstructed panoramic views)...
January 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287153/evaluation-of-the-diagnostic-yield-of-dental-radiography-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-for-the-identification-of-anatomic-landmarks-in-small-to-medium-sized-brachycephalic-dogs
#11
Sophie Döring, Boaz Arzi, Catherine R Barich, David C Hatcher, Philip H Kass, Frank J M Verstraete
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic yield of dental radiography (Rad method) and 3 cone-beam CT (CBCT) methods for the identification of predefined anatomic landmarks in brachycephalic dogs. ANIMALS 19 client-owned brachycephalic dogs admitted for evaluation and treatment of dental disease. PROCEDURES 26 predefined anatomic landmarks were evaluated separately by use of the RAD method and 3 CBCT software modules (serial CBCT slices and custom cross sections, tridimensional rendering, and reconstructed panoramic views)...
January 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222156/brachycephalics-and-advertising
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222155/brachycephalics-and-advertising
#13
Joe Sprinz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175912/future-health-and-welfare-crises-predicted-for-the-brachycephalic-dog-population
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152247/effects-of-different-protein-sources-on-fermentation-metabolites-and-nutrient-digestibility-of-brachycephalic-dogs
#15
Maria Isabel Gonzalez Urrego, Laura Fantucci de O Matheus, Karine de Melo Santos, Mariane Ceschin Ernandes, Mariana Monti, Danilo Ferreira de Souza, Júlio Cesar de Carvalho Balieiro, Lúcio Francelino Araújo, Cristiana F Ferreira Pontieri, Márcio Antonio Brunetto
Benefits to microbial fermentation in the colon and as a consequence less flatulence can be promoted for the health of adult dogs according to the amount and protein source. The present study evaluated different protein sources in dry food for brachycephalic dogs regarding microbial fermentation and nutrient digestibility. Four dry dog foods with similar protein content were formulated for adult maintenance: poultry meal (PM) diet; wheat gluten (WG) diet; PM + WG diet; and PM + WG + hydrolysed protein (HP) diet...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115902/open-mouth-jaw-locking-in-cats-a-literature-review-and-use-of-computed-tomography-in-three-cases
#16
Anna E Nutt, Thomas Anderson, Margherita Gracis, Ivan Doran, Chris Warren-Smith, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs
Case series summary This report summarises and reviews the published cases of open-mouth jaw locking in cats and describes three further cases. Case 1 was a 5-year-old, 5.3 kg male neutered domestic shorthair cat. CT identified changes consistent with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysplasia with osseous degenerative changes, and the cat subsequently underwent bilateral partial zygomectomy with bilateral partial coronoidectomy. Case 2 was a 10-year-old, 6.0 kg male neutered Exotic Shorthair. Aside from a fracture of the left maxillary canine tooth crown and absence of the left maxillary fourth premolar tooth, no abnormalities were found on CT scan...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099251/effect-of-brachycephaly-and-body-condition-score-on-respiratory-thermoregulation-of-healthy-dogs
#17
Michael S Davis, Sabrina L Cummings, Mark E Payton
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of brachycephaly and body condition score on respiratory thermoregulation of healthy dogs. DESIGN Prospective study. ANIMALS 52 brachycephalic and 53 nonbrachycephalic dogs. PROCEDURES All dogs were exposed to a cool treatment (temperature, 21.8 ± 1.7°C [71.2 ± 3.1°F]; relative humidity, 62.2 ± 9.7%; and ambient enthalpy, 47.7 ± 6.6 kcal/kg) and then a hot treatment (temperature, 32.9 ± 1.7°C [91.2 ± 3.1°F]; relative humidity, 51.9 ± 9.8%; and ambient enthalpy, 74...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094360/effects-of-manipulations-to-detect-sliding-hiatal-hernia-in-dogs-with-brachycephalic-airway-obstructive-syndrome
#18
Olivier Broux, Cécile Clercx, Anne-Laure Etienne, Valeria Busoni, Stéphanie Claeys, Annick Hamaide, Frédéric Billen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of manipulations aimed at increasing the transdiaphragmatic pressure gradient on the gastro-esophageal junction (GEJ) of dogs with brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome (BAOS), and to identify the manipulation that most improves the detection of GEJ abnormalities and sliding hiatal hernia (SHH) in dogs with BAOS. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo experimental pilot study and prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Five purpose-bred Beagles and 20 dogs diagnosed with BAOS...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053644/dental-approach-for-apert-syndrome-in-children-a-systematic-review
#19
A-S López-Estudillo, M-A Rosales-Bérber, S Ruiz-Rodríguez, A Pozos-Guillén, M-Á Noyola-Frías, A Garrocho-Rangel
BACKGROUND: Apert Syndrome (AS), or type I acrocephalosyndactyly, is a rare, congenital craniosynostosis condition resulting from missense mutations in the gene encoding fibroblast growth factor receptor 2. It is characterized by three specific clinical features: brachycephalic skull; midface hypoplasia, and limb abnormalities (syndactyly of hands and feet). The disorder exhibits variable presentations in bones, brain, skin, internal organs, and in the oral/maxillofacial region. The aim of the present paper was to show the main results from a systematic review of AS...
November 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047114/complications-following-laryngeal-sacculectomy-in-brachycephalic-dogs
#20
J R Hughes, B M Kaye, A R Beswick, G Ter Haar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of sacculectomy on the immediate postoperative complication rate in dogs affected with brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical records of brachycephalic dogs with everted saccules that underwent surgery for brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome between 2009 and 2014. Dogs were grouped as those having nares resection and staphylectomy only and those having nares resection, staphylectomy and laryngeal sacculectomy...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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