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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963795/documenting-the-prevalence-of-hiatal-hernia-and-oesophageal-abnormalities-in-brachycephalic-dogs-using-fluoroscopy
#1
E J Reeve, D Sutton, E J Friend, C M R Warren-Smith
OBJECTIVES: To report the prevalence of abnormal fluoroscopic findings in brachycephalic dogs that were presented to a referral hospital for obstructive airway syndrome. METHODS: Hospital records between May 2013 and November 2015 identified 36 brachycephalic dogs investigated for obstructive airway disease: 21 French bulldogs, 6 bulldogs, 4 Boston terriers, 2 pugs, 2 boxers and 1 shih-tzu. The presence or absence of hiatal hernia, delayed oesophageal transit, gastro-oesophageal reflux and redundant oesophagus were recorded...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939781/keeping-of-brachycephalic-breeds-not-cool-says-lord-as-debate-continues-on-dog-welfare
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833532/the-relationship-between-brachycephalic-head-features-in-modern-persian-cats-and-dysmorphologies-of-the-skull-and-internal-hydrocephalus
#3
M J Schmidt, M Kampschulte, S Enderlein, D Gorgas, J Lang, E Ludewig, A Fischer, A Meyer-Lindenberg, A R Schaubmar, K Failing, N Ondreka
BACKGROUND: Cat breeders observed a frequent occurrence of internal hydrocephalus in Persian cats with extreme brachycephalic head morphology. OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible relationship among the grade of brachycephaly, ventricular dilatation, and skull dysmorphologies in Persian cats. ANIMALS: 92 Persian-, 10 Domestic shorthair cats. METHODS: The grade of brachycephaly was determined on skull models based on CT datasets...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809124/measurement-of-the-normal-feline-pituitary-gland-in-brachycephalic-and-mesocephalic-cats
#4
Thomas Christian Häußler, Kerstin Heike von Pückler, Cetina Thiel, Sylke Enderlein, Klaus Failing, Nele Ondreka, Martin Kramer, Martin Jürgen Schmidt
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine differences in normal feline pituitary dimensions in brachycephalic and mesocephalic cats as a basis for establishing cryohypophysectomy in cats. Methods Measurements were performed on sagittal T2-weighted and transverse post-gadolinium T1-weighted or T1 3D fast field echo-weighted MRI images. A total of 32 brachycephalic and 27 mesocephalic cats were examined. Inter-observer reproducibility was assessed by t-test and Bland-Altman analysis. Results The cats were 0...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763490/conformational-risk-factors-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-boas-in-pugs-french-bulldogs-and-bulldogs
#5
Nai-Chieh Liu, Eileen L Troconis, Lajos Kalmar, David J Price, Hattie E Wright, Vicki J Adams, David R Sargan, Jane F Ladlow
Extremely brachycephalic, or short-muzzled, dog breeds such as pugs, French bulldogs, and bulldogs are prone to the conformation-related respiratory disorder-brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS). Affected dogs present with a wide range of clinical signs from snoring and exercise intolerance, to life-threatening events such as syncope. In this study, conformational risk factors for BOAS that could potentially aid in breeding away from BOAS were sought. Six hundred and four pugs, French bulldogs, and bulldogs were included in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761181/brachycephalic-dogs-time-for-action
#6
EDITORIAL
Carlton Gyles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758273/assessment-of-computed-tomography-derived-cricoid-cartilage-and-tracheal-dimensions-to-evaluate-degree-of-cricoid-narrowing-in-brachycephalic-dogs
#7
Lynda Rutherford, Lee Beever, Mieghan Bruce, Gert Ter Haar
The aims of this observational, analytical, retrospective study were to (i) obtain computed tomographic (CT) cricoid dimensions (height, width, and transverse-sectional area), (ii) compare the cricoid dimensions between brachycephalic and mesaticephalic breeds, and (iii) compare cricoid cartilage dimensions between dogs without and affected with brachycephalic airway syndrome. The study is important to help to further evaluate and understand the anatomical components of brachycephalic airway syndrome. Measurements were performed in 147 brachycephalic and 59 mesaticephalic dogs...
July 30, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726244/computed-tomographic-morphometry-of-tympanic-bulla-shape-and-position-in-brachycephalic-and-mesaticephalic-dog-breeds
#8
Ben Mielke, Richard Lam, Gert Ter Haar
Anatomic variations in skull morphology have been previously described for brachycephalic dogs; however there is little published information on interbreed variations in tympanic bulla morphology. This retrospective observational study aimed to (1) provide detailed descriptions of the computed tomographic (CT) morphology of tympanic bullae in a sample of dogs representing four brachycephalic breeds (Pugs, French Bulldogs, English Bulldog, and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels) versus two mesaticephalic breeds (Labrador retrievers and Jack Russell Terriers); and (2) test associations between tympanic bulla morphology and presence of middle ear effusion...
July 20, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718208/quantification-of-nasal-airflow-resistance-in-english-bulldogs-using-computed-tomography-and-computational-fluid-dynamics
#9
Eric T Hostnik, Brian A Scansen, Rachel Zielinski, Samir N Ghadiali
Stenotic nares, edematous intranasal turbinates, mucosal swelling, and an elongated, thickened soft palate are common sources of airflow resistance for dogs with brachycephalic airway syndrome. Surgery has focused on enlarging the nasal apertures and reducing tissue of the soft palate. However, objective measures of surgical efficacy are lacking. Twenty-one English bulldogs without previous surgery were recruited for this prospective, pilot study. Computed tomography was performed using conscious sedation and without endotracheal intubation using a 128 multidetector computed tomography scanner...
September 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711896/computer-tomographic-characteristics-of-root-length-incisors-and-canines-of-the-upper-and-lower-jaws-in-boys-and-girls-with-different-craniotypes-and-physiological-bite
#10
Аlla V Маrchenko, Іgor V Gunas, Tetyana O Petrushanko, Oksana А Serebrennikova, Yulia Yu Trofimenko
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, in world literature appeared research, which focuses on the study of relationships craniotypes with odonto-metric indicators, size, shape of the dental arches and occlusion. However, most of the experts focus on the study of individual features of the structure of the teeth-jaw system in people with different types of faces and aspects of sexual dimorphism and ethnic characteristics. Studies containing information about cranio-typological variability of the roots of teeth we did not encounter...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708517/factors-affecting-the-reproductive-performance-of-bitches-a-prospective-cohort-study-involving-1203-inseminations-with-fresh-and-frozen-semen
#11
F K Hollinshead, D W Hanlon
The aim of this prospective cohort study was to utilize multivariable statistical methods to identify factors that significantly affected whelping rate, litter size and gestation length in a large population of bitches of many different breeds, presented for routine breeding management. In addition, we aimed to determine the incidence of dystocia and the proportion of bitches undergoing a caesarean section procedure. A total of 1146 individual bitches representing 84 different breeds contributed 1203 inseminations over the 9 year (2007-2015) study period...
June 22, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665854/morphometric-analysis-of-the-posterior-cranial-fossa-in-syndromic-and-nonsyndromic-craniosynostosis
#12
Thomas Beez, David Koppel, Meharpal Sangra
Posterior cranial fossa (PCF) anatomy can be abnormal in craniosynostosis, and hindbrain herniation may occur. This study analyzed PCF anatomy in single suture and complex craniosynostosis.Children with craniosynostosis and age-matched controls were identified. Cephalic index (CI) for cranial vault and PCF as well as tentorial (TA) and occipital angles (OA) were measured on preoperative imaging.Children with syndromic (N = 6), bicoronal (N = 4), sagittal (N = 12), and metopic synostosis (N = 4) as well as controls (N = 10) were enrolled...
July 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630713/corneal-ulcerative-disease-in-dogs-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-england-epidemiology-and-clinical-management
#13
Dan G O'Neill, Monica M Lee, Dave C Brodbelt, David B Church, Rick F Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Corneal ulcerative disease (CUD) has the potential to adversely affect animal welfare by interfering with vision and causing pain. The study aimed to investigate for the first time the prevalence, breed-based risk factors and clinical management of CUD in the general population of dogs under primary veterinary care in England. RESULTS: Of 104,233 dogs attending 110 clinics participating within the VetCompass Programme from January 1(st) to December 31(st) 2013, there were 834 confirmed CUD cases (prevalence: 0...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600412/brachycephalic-breeds-most-likely-to-encounter-birthing-difficulties
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576993/owners-of-brachycephalic-dogs-pay-more-attention-to-looks-than-health
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557367/septic-keratitis-in-dogs-cats-and-horses-in-switzerland-associated-bacteria-and-antibiotic-susceptibility
#16
Anja Suter, Katrin Voelter, Sonja Hartnack, Bernhard Martin Spiess, Simon Anton Pot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the most common bacterial pathogens associated with septic keratitis in veterinary patients from Switzerland. The second objective was to analyze antibiotic susceptibility test results of the identified bacterial pathogens. The third objective was to evaluate potential breed predispositions to septic keratitis. PROCEDURES: Two hundred and fifty-five cultures and antibiotic susceptibility reports from dogs, cats, and horses with septic keratitis that were presented to the University of Zurich Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital between 2009 and 2013 were reviewed...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556821/a-national-census-of-birth-weight-in-purebred-dogs-in-italy
#17
Debora Groppetti, Alessandro Pecile, Clara Palestrini, Stefano P Marelli, Patrizia Boracchi
Despite increasing professionalism in dog breeding, the physiological range of birth weight in this species remains unclear. Low birth weight can predispose to neonatal mortality and growth deficiencies in humans. To date, the influence of the morphotype on birth weight has never been studied in dogs. For this purpose, an Italian census of birth weight was collected from 3293 purebred pups based on maternal morphotype, size, body weight and breed, as well as on litter size and sex of pups. Multivariate analysis outcomes showed that birth weight (p < 0...
May 30, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552356/canine-brachycephaly-is-associated-with-a-retrotransposon-mediated-missplicing-of-smoc2
#18
Thomas W Marchant, Edward J Johnson, Lynn McTeir, Craig I Johnson, Adam Gow, Tiziana Liuti, Dana Kuehn, Karen Svenson, Mairead L Bermingham, Michaela Drögemüller, Marc Nussbaumer, Megan G Davey, David J Argyle, Roger M Powell, Sérgio Guilherme, Johann Lang, Gert Ter Haar, Tosso Leeb, Tobias Schwarz, Richard J Mellanby, Dylan N Clements, Jeffrey J Schoenebeck
In morphological terms, "form" is used to describe an object's shape and size. In dogs, facial form is stunningly diverse. Facial retrusion, the proximodistal shortening of the snout and widening of the hard palate is common to brachycephalic dogs and is a welfare concern, as the incidence of respiratory distress and ocular trauma observed in this class of dogs is highly correlated with their skull form. Progress to identify the molecular underpinnings of facial retrusion is limited to association of a missense mutation in BMP3 among small brachycephalic dogs...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550214/cvs-support-for-veterinary-record-s-campaign-to-restrict-the-promotion-of-brachycephalic-breeds-in-advertising
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526775/canine-dystocia-in-50-uk-first-opinion-emergency-care-veterinary-practices-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#20
D G O'Neill, A M O'Sullivan, E A Manson, D B Church, A K Boag, P D McGreevy, D C Brodbelt
Dystocia can represent a major welfare issue for dogs of certain breeds and morphologies. First-opinion emergency-care veterinary caseloads represent a useful data resource for epidemiological research because dystocia can often result in emergency veterinary care. The study analysed a merged database of clinical records from 50 first-opinion emergency-care veterinary practices participating in the VetCompass Programme. Multivariable logistic regression modelling was used for risk factors analysis. There were 701 dystocia cases recorded among 18,758 entire female dogs, resulting in a dystocia prevalence of 3...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
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