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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630713/corneal-ulcerative-disease-in-dogs-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-england-epidemiology-and-clinical-management
#1
Dan G O'Neill, Monica M Lee, Dave C Brodbelt, David B Church, Rick F Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Corneal ulcerative disease (CUD) has the potential to adversely affect animal welfare by interfering with vision and causing pain. The study aimed to investigate for the first time the prevalence, breed-based risk factors and clinical management of CUD in the general population of dogs under primary veterinary care in England. RESULTS: Of 104,233 dogs attending 110 clinics participating within the VetCompass Programme from January 1(st) to December 31(st) 2013, there were 834 confirmed CUD cases (prevalence: 0...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600412/brachycephalic-breeds-most-likely-to-encounter-birthing-difficulties
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576993/owners-of-brachycephalic-dogs-pay-more-attention-to-looks-than-health
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557367/septic-keratitis-in-dogs-cats-and-horses-in-switzerland-associated-bacteria-and-antibiotic-susceptibility
#4
Anja Suter, Katrin Voelter, Sonja Hartnack, Bernhard Martin Spiess, Simon Anton Pot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the most common bacterial pathogens associated with septic keratitis in veterinary patients from Switzerland. The second objective was to analyze antibiotic susceptibility test results of the identified bacterial pathogens. The third objective was to evaluate potential breed predispositions to septic keratitis. PROCEDURES: Two hundred and fifty-five cultures and antibiotic susceptibility reports from dogs, cats, and horses with septic keratitis that were presented to the University of Zurich Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital between 2009 and 2013 were reviewed...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556821/a-national-census-of-birth-weight-in-purebred-dogs-in-italy
#5
Debora Groppetti, Alessandro Pecile, Clara Palestrini, Stefano P Marelli, Patrizia Boracchi
Despite increasing professionalism in dog breeding, the physiological range of birth weight in this species remains unclear. Low birth weight can predispose to neonatal mortality and growth deficiencies in humans. To date, the influence of the morphotype on birth weight has never been studied in dogs. For this purpose, an Italian census of birth weight was collected from 3293 purebred pups based on maternal morphotype, size, body weight and breed, as well as on litter size and sex of pups. Multivariate analysis outcomes showed that birth weight (p < 0...
May 30, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552356/canine-brachycephaly-is-associated-with-a-retrotransposon-mediated-missplicing-of-smoc2
#6
Thomas W Marchant, Edward J Johnson, Lynn McTeir, Craig I Johnson, Adam Gow, Tiziana Liuti, Dana Kuehn, Karen Svenson, Mairead L Bermingham, Michaela Drögemüller, Marc Nussbaumer, Megan G Davey, David J Argyle, Roger M Powell, Sérgio Guilherme, Johann Lang, Gert Ter Haar, Tosso Leeb, Tobias Schwarz, Richard J Mellanby, Dylan N Clements, Jeffrey J Schoenebeck
In morphological terms, "form" is used to describe an object's shape and size. In dogs, facial form is stunningly diverse. Facial retrusion, the proximodistal shortening of the snout and widening of the hard palate is common to brachycephalic dogs and is a welfare concern, as the incidence of respiratory distress and ocular trauma observed in this class of dogs is highly correlated with their skull form. Progress to identify the molecular underpinnings of facial retrusion is limited to association of a missense mutation in BMP3 among small brachycephalic dogs...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550214/cvs-support-for-veterinary-record-s-campaign-to-restrict-the-promotion-of-brachycephalic-breeds-in-advertising
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526775/canine-dystocia-in-50-uk-first-opinion-emergency-care-veterinary-practices-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#8
D G O'Neill, A M O'Sullivan, E A Manson, D B Church, A K Boag, P D McGreevy, D C Brodbelt
Dystocia can represent a major welfare issue for dogs of certain breeds and morphologies. First-opinion emergency-care veterinary caseloads represent a useful data resource for epidemiological research because dystocia can often result in emergency veterinary care. The study analysed a merged database of clinical records from 50 first-opinion emergency-care veterinary practices participating in the VetCompass Programme. Multivariable logistic regression modelling was used for risk factors analysis. There were 701 dystocia cases recorded among 18,758 entire female dogs, resulting in a dystocia prevalence of 3...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460427/transoral-approach-for-ventral-tympanic-bulla-osteotomy-in-the-dog-a-descriptive-cadaveric-study
#9
Maria Manou, Pierre H M Moissonnier, Nicolas Jardel, Aymeric Tissier, Rosario Vallefuoco
OBJECTIVE: To describe a transoral approach for tympanic bulla osteotomy in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic cadaveric study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Fifteen canine cadavers (n = 29 tympanic bullae), including mesaticephalic, dolichocephalic, and brachycephalic breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The oral surface of the tympanic bulla was identified during an anatomical study (3 canine cadavers) and the ventral approach to the tympanic bulla was described (3 canine cadavers)...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450475/insurance-claims-analysis-sheds-more-light-on-the-health-problems-of-brachycephalic-dogs
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438443/cone-beam-computed-tomography-assessment-of-the-pterygomaxillary-region-and-palatine-canal-for-le-fort-i-osteotomy
#11
G Q V Oliveira, M A Rossi, T V Vasconcelos, F S Neves, I Crusoé-Rebello
The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomical linear measurements of the descending palatine canal and the pterygomaxillary fissure for Le Fort I preoperative planning. Seventy-five patients, comprising 46 females (61.3%) and 29 males (39.7%), underwent multi-slice computed tomography examinations performed for preoperative orthognathic surgical planning. The images were categorized according to sex, craniofacial side, and skeletal and craniofacial patterns. The anterior length between the descending palatine canal and the lateral wall of the piriform rim showed a higher mean value for males compared to females (P=0...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407851/time-dependent-changes-and-prognostic-value-of-lactatemia-during-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-of-life-in-brachycephalic-newborn-dogs
#12
C Castagnetti, M Cunto, C Bini, J Mariella, S Capolongo, D Zambelli
Blood lactate concentration is known to be a good prognostic indicator associated with the severity of illness and the patient's outcome both in human and veterinary medicine. It also plays a significant role in the assessment of the newborn, being a good indicator of fetal hypoxia and the ideal predictor of morbidity at term in babies. In veterinary neonatal medicine, hyperlactatemia is considered a valid prognostic marker in critically ill foals; moreover, blood lactate measurement has been proposed for the evaluation of newborn viability and the assessment of fetal distress during delivery in dogs...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381131/severe-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-is-associated-with-hypercoagulability-in-dogs
#13
Courtney Crane, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Amanda L Abelson, Armelle deLaforcade
We evaluated whether dogs with severe brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) developed a hypercoagulable state similar to people with obstructive sleep apnea. Five dogs with grade 3 BOAS were included as well as 5 healthy control Labrador Retrievers. Venous blood samples were collected from each dog for performance of thromboelastography and determination of hematocrit and platelet count. Groups were compared using a t-test, with p < 0.05 considered significant. Thromboelastography results identified that all BOAS dogs were hypercoagulable compared to the Labradors, having significantly shortened clotting time with increased angle, maximal amplitude, and clot rigidity...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364062/charity-support-for-brachycephalic-dog-advertising-ban
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345510/a-cephalometric-study-to-establish-the-relationship-of-the-occlusal-plane-to-the-three-different-ala-tragal-lines-and-the-frankfort-horizontal-plane-in-different-head-forms
#15
S Subhas, P L Rupesh, R Devann, D R V Kumar, A Paliwal, P Solanki
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to compare the relationship of the occlusal plane to 3 different ala-tragal lines, namely the superior, middle and inferior lines, in individuals having different head forms and its relation to the Frankfort horizontal plane. METHODOLOGY: A total of 75 lateral cephalometric radiographs of subjects with natural dentition, having full complement of teeth, between the age group of 18-25 were screened and selected. Lateral cephalogram were made for each subjects in an open mouth position...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338248/surgical-strategy-for-apert-syndrome-retrospective-study-of-developmental-quotient-and-three-dimensional-computerized-tomography
#16
Shoichi Tomita, Takeshi Miyawaki, Yuichirou Nonaka, Shinsuke Sakai, Reiji Nishimura
There are many surgical techniques for craniosynostosis. However, the indications for and timing of surgery still remain unclarified. Most of the skull growth in craniosynostosis is completed in the first year, and the bone is strong enough to undergo distraction osteogenesis. However, previous reports showed that patients operated on before 1 year of age had better IQ than those operated later in life. This report aims to consider the best timing for cranial expansion and surgical strategy for Apert syndrome...
March 24, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336684/brachycephalic-tipping-point-time-to-push-the-button
#17
Adele Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331931/cranial-thoracic-vertebral-canal-stenosis-in-three-juvenile-large-breed-brachycephalic-dogs-treated-by-unilateral-hemilaminectomy
#18
Amanda Miller, Andrew Marchevsky
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical treatment and outcome for juvenile dogs with cranial thoracic vertebral canal stenosis treated by unilateral hemilaminectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMALS: Three large-breed brachycephalic dogs of various breeds (Dogue de Bordeaux, Australian Bulldog, Boerboel) with neurological signs consistent with a myelopathy of the third thoracic (T) to third lumbar (L) spinal cord segment. METHODS: Information on clinical presentation, diagnostic imaging, surgical procedures, postoperative complications, recovery and outcome is described...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331588/why-the-short-face-developmental-disintegration-of-the-neurocranium-drives-convergent-evolution-in-neotropical-electric-fishes
#19
Kory M Evans, Brandon Waltz, Victor Tagliacollo, Prosanta Chakrabarty, James S Albert
Convergent evolution is widely viewed as strong evidence for the influence of natural selection on the origin of phenotypic design. However, the emerging evo-devo synthesis has highlighted other processes that may bias and direct phenotypic evolution in the presence of environmental and genetic variation. Developmental biases on the production of phenotypic variation may channel the evolution of convergent forms by limiting the range of phenotypes produced during ontogeny. Here, we study the evolution and convergence of brachycephalic and dolichocephalic skull shapes among 133 species of Neotropical electric fishes (Gymnotiformes: Teleostei) and identify potential developmental biases on phenotypic evolution...
March 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326663/a-morphometric-study-of-the-canine-skull-and-periorbita-and-its-implications-for-regional-ocular-anesthesia
#20
Paulo Roberto Klaumann, Juan Carlos Duque Moreno, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: A hypothetical relationship between canine cranial length and the length of the periorbita could be used for intraconal anesthetic volume estimation. STUDY SUBJECTS: Forty-one canine cadaver heads and one macerated dog skull. PROCEDURES: Inion and nasion points were recognized in the macerated skull and used as landmarks for cranial length measure. Thirty cadavers classified as dolichocephalic, mesaticephalic and brachycephalic were distributed in three study groups...
March 22, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
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