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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526775/canine-dystocia-in-50-uk-first-opinion-emergency-care-veterinary-practices-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#1
D G O'Neill, A M O'Sullivan, E A Manson, D B Church, A K Boag, P D McGreevy, D C Brodbelt
Dystocia can represent a major welfare issue for dogs of certain breeds and morphologies. First-opinion emergency-care veterinary caseloads represent a useful data resource for epidemiological research because dystocia can often result in emergency veterinary care. The study analysed a merged database of clinical records from 50 first-opinion emergency-care veterinary practices participating in the VetCompass Programme. Multivariable logistic regression modelling was used for risk factors analysis. There were 701 dystocia cases recorded among 18,758 entire female dogs, resulting in a dystocia prevalence of 3...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460427/transoral-approach-for-ventral-tympanic-bulla-osteotomy-in-the-dog-a-descriptive-cadaveric-study
#2
Maria Manou, Pierre H M Moissonnier, Nicolas Jardel, Aymeric Tissier, Rosario Vallefuoco
OBJECTIVE: To describe a transoral approach for tympanic bulla osteotomy in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic cadaveric study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Fifteen canine cadavers (n = 29 tympanic bullae), including mesaticephalic, dolichocephalic, and brachycephalic breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The oral surface of the tympanic bulla was identified during an anatomical study (3 canine cadavers) and the ventral approach to the tympanic bulla was described (3 canine cadavers)...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450475/insurance-claims-analysis-sheds-more-light-on-the-health-problems-of-brachycephalic-dogs
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438443/cone-beam-computed-tomography-assessment-of-the-pterygomaxillary-region-and-palatine-canal-for-le-fort-i-osteotomy
#4
G Q V Oliveira, M A Rossi, T V Vasconcelos, F S Neves, I Crusoé-Rebello
The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomical linear measurements of the descending palatine canal and the pterygomaxillary fissure for Le Fort I preoperative planning. Seventy-five patients, comprising 46 females (61.3%) and 29 males (39.7%), underwent multi-slice computed tomography examinations performed for preoperative orthognathic surgical planning. The images were categorized according to sex, craniofacial side, and skeletal and craniofacial patterns. The anterior length between the descending palatine canal and the lateral wall of the piriform rim showed a higher mean value for males compared to females (P=0...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407851/time-dependent-changes-and-prognostic-value-of-lactatemia-during-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-of-life-in-brachycephalic-newborn-dogs
#5
C Castagnetti, M Cunto, C Bini, J Mariella, S Capolongo, D Zambelli
Blood lactate concentration is known to be a good prognostic indicator associated with the severity of illness and the patient's outcome both in human and veterinary medicine. It also plays a significant role in the assessment of the newborn, being a good indicator of fetal hypoxia and the ideal predictor of morbidity at term in babies. In veterinary neonatal medicine, hyperlactatemia is considered a valid prognostic marker in critically ill foals; moreover, blood lactate measurement has been proposed for the evaluation of newborn viability and the assessment of fetal distress during delivery in dogs...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381131/severe-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-is-associated-with-hypercoagulability-in-dogs
#6
Courtney Crane, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Amanda L Abelson, Armelle deLaforcade
We evaluated whether dogs with severe brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) developed a hypercoagulable state similar to people with obstructive sleep apnea. Five dogs with grade 3 BOAS were included as well as 5 healthy control Labrador Retrievers. Venous blood samples were collected from each dog for performance of thromboelastography and determination of hematocrit and platelet count. Groups were compared using a t-test, with p < 0.05 considered significant. Thromboelastography results identified that all BOAS dogs were hypercoagulable compared to the Labradors, having significantly shortened clotting time with increased angle, maximal amplitude, and clot rigidity...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364062/charity-support-for-brachycephalic-dog-advertising-ban
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345510/a-cephalometric-study-to-establish-the-relationship-of-the-occlusal-plane-to-the-three-different-ala-tragal-lines-and-the-frankfort-horizontal-plane-in-different-head-forms
#8
S Subhas, P L Rupesh, R Devann, D R V Kumar, A Paliwal, P Solanki
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to compare the relationship of the occlusal plane to 3 different ala-tragal lines, namely the superior, middle and inferior lines, in individuals having different head forms and its relation to the Frankfort horizontal plane. METHODOLOGY: A total of 75 lateral cephalometric radiographs of subjects with natural dentition, having full complement of teeth, between the age group of 18-25 were screened and selected. Lateral cephalogram were made for each subjects in an open mouth position...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338248/surgical-strategy-for-apert-syndrome-retrospective-study-of-developmental-quotient-and-three-dimensional-computerized-tomography
#9
Shoichi Tomita, Takeshi Miyawaki, Yuichirou Nonaka, Shinsuke Sakai, Reiji Nishimura
There are many surgical techniques for craniosynostosis. However, the indications for and timing of surgery still remain unclarified. Most of the skull growth in craniosynostosis is completed in the first year, and the bone is strong enough to undergo distraction osteogenesis. However, previous reports showed that patients operated on before 1 year of age had better IQ than those operated later in life. This report aims to consider the best timing for cranial expansion and surgical strategy for Apert syndrome...
March 24, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336684/brachycephalic-tipping-point-time-to-push-the-button
#10
Adele Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331931/cranial-thoracic-vertebral-canal-stenosis-in-three-juvenile-large-breed-brachycephalic-dogs-treated-by-unilateral-hemilaminectomy
#11
Amanda Miller, Andrew Marchevsky
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical treatment and outcome for juvenile dogs with cranial thoracic vertebral canal stenosis treated by unilateral hemilaminectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMALS: Three large-breed brachycephalic dogs of various breeds (Dogue de Bordeaux, Australian Bulldog, Boerboel) with neurological signs consistent with a myelopathy of the third thoracic (T) to third lumbar (L) spinal cord segment. METHODS: Information on clinical presentation, diagnostic imaging, surgical procedures, postoperative complications, recovery and outcome is described...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331588/why-the-short-face-developmental-disintegration-of-the-neurocranium-drives-convergent-evolution-in-neotropical-electric-fishes
#12
Kory M Evans, Brandon Waltz, Victor Tagliacollo, Prosanta Chakrabarty, James S Albert
Convergent evolution is widely viewed as strong evidence for the influence of natural selection on the origin of phenotypic design. However, the emerging evo-devo synthesis has highlighted other processes that may bias and direct phenotypic evolution in the presence of environmental and genetic variation. Developmental biases on the production of phenotypic variation may channel the evolution of convergent forms by limiting the range of phenotypes produced during ontogeny. Here, we study the evolution and convergence of brachycephalic and dolichocephalic skull shapes among 133 species of Neotropical electric fishes (Gymnotiformes: Teleostei) and identify potential developmental biases on phenotypic evolution...
March 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326663/a-morphometric-study-of-the-canine-skull-and-periorbita-and-its-implications-for-regional-ocular-anesthesia
#13
Paulo Roberto Klaumann, Juan Carlos Duque Moreno, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: A hypothetical relationship between canine cranial length and the length of the periorbita could be used for intraconal anesthetic volume estimation. STUDY SUBJECTS: Forty-one canine cadaver heads and one macerated dog skull. PROCEDURES: Inion and nasion points were recognized in the macerated skull and used as landmarks for cranial length measure. Thirty cadavers classified as dolichocephalic, mesaticephalic and brachycephalic were distributed in three study groups...
March 22, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291399/resection-and-primary-closure-of-edematous-glossoepiglottic-mucosa-in-a-dog-causing-laryngeal-obstruction
#14
Kevin J Schabbing, Jeffrey A Seaman
An approximately 22 mo old male neutered English bulldog was evaluated for acute onset of dyspnea with suspected brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS). Laryngoscopic exam revealed diffuse, severe edema and static displacement of redundant glossoepiglottic (GE) mucosa causing complete obstruction of the larynx and epiglottic entrapment. Static displacement of the GE mucosa was observed and determined to be the overriding component of dyspnea in this patient with BOAS. Resection and primary closure with two separate, simple continuous sutures of the GE mucosa were performed...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283076/prevalence-of-thoracic-vertebral-malformations-in-french-bulldogs-pugs-and-english-bulldogs-with-and-without-associated-neurological-deficits
#15
R Ryan, R Gutierrez-Quintana, G Ter Haar, Steven De Decker
Congenital vertebral malformations are common incidental findings in small breed dogs. This retrospective observational study evaluated the type and prevalence of thoracic vertebral malformations in 171 neurologically normal and 10 neurologically abnormal screw-tailed brachycephalic dogs. Neurologically normal dogs underwent CT for reasons unrelated to spinal disease, while affected dogs underwent MRI. Imaging studies were reviewed and vertebral malformations including hemivertebrae, block vertebrae, transitional vertebrae, and spina bifida were documented...
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282230/nebulized-adrenaline-in-the-postoperative-management-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-a-pug
#16
Jenny Ellis, Elizabeth Ann Leece
Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome is a common problem in certain breeds, and may necessitate surgical procedures, such as rhinoplasty, palatoplasty, laryngeal sacculectomy, and/or arytenoid laryngoplasty, to improve the quality of life. However, laryngeal edema may necessitate the use of temporary tracheostomy tubes postoperatively to maintain a patent airway. This case demonstrates that administration of nebulized adrenaline in the immediate postoperative period where upper airway obstruction is life threatening can be used to reduce edema, therefore avoiding the need for tracheostomy...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218030/incidence-of-radiographic-cystic-lesions-associated-with-unerupted-teeth-in-dogs
#17
Sam G Babbitt, Mary Krakowski Volker, Ira R Luskin
Medical records and radiographs were retrospectively reviewed over a 3-year period (2012-2015) from dogs presented to a private dental referral practice. Medical records were evaluated for the diagnosis of impacted or embedded teeth. The identified dogs' radiographs were reviewed for the presence of radiographically significant cystic lesions that were associated with the impacted or embedded teeth. Radiographic criteria were established by the authors for the purposes of identifying cystic lesions in dogs of different breeds and sizes, using established indices from human dental pathology as a basis...
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190494/suspected-x-linked-facial-dysmorphia-and-growth-retardation-in-related-labrador-retriever-puppies
#18
C Dierks, H Hoffmann, F Heinrich, M Hellige, M Hewicker-Trautwein, O Distl
Seven male Labrador retriever puppies from four different litters were identified with a brachycephalic-like face and skull, associated with low birth weight, severe growth retardation, and reduced abilities to crawl and suckle, which were not compatible with survival. Excessive doming of the cranium, brachygnathia superior and inferior, and an abnormally opened fontanelle were found in all affected puppies by computed tomography and at post-mortem examination. Pedigree analysis supported an X-linked recessive mode of inheritance...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146288/outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-surgical-treatments-for-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-3-breeds
#19
Nai-Chieh Liu, Gerhard U Oechtering, Vicki J Adams, Lajos Kalmar, David R Sargan, Jane F Ladlow
OBJECTIVE: To determine prognostic indicators for the surgical treatment of brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) and to compare the prognosis of 2 multilevel surgical procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Client-owned pugs, French bulldogs, and bulldogs (n = 50). METHODS: Noninvasive whole-body barometric plethysmography (WBBP) was used to assess respiratory function before, 1 month and 6 months after upper airway corrective surgery...
February 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093105/comparison-of-submaximal-exercise-test-results-and-severity-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-english-bulldogs
#20
Liisa Lilja-Maula, Anu K Lappalainen, Heli K Hyytiäinen, Erja Kuusela, Mirja Kaimio, Kirsti Schildt, Sari Mölsä, Mikael Morelius, Minna M Rajamäki
Canine brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) is a complex respiratory disease related to congenitally flattened facial and skull anatomy. BOAS causes respiratory distress, heat and exercise intolerance, and gastrointestinal signs. English bulldogs (EB) have a high prevalence of BOAS. Currently, the severity of BOAS signs in veterinary practice is assessed subjectively. To reduce BOAS in brachycephalic breeds, an objective and easy-to-use tool could help breeders select healthier animals. Exercise tests, such as the 6 min walk test (distance walked measured) or the 1000 m walk test (duration measured), could be used to assess the severity of BOAS, as exercise intolerance and impaired recovery are key features of BOAS...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
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