keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

brachycephalic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667089/sex-skull-length-breed-and-age-predict-how-dogs-look-at-faces-of-humans-and-conspecifics
#1
Zsófia Bognár, Ivaylo B Iotchev, Enikő Kubinyi
The gaze of other dogs and humans is informative for dogs, but it has not been explored which factors predict face-directed attention. We used image presentations of unfamiliar human and dog heads, facing the observer (portrait) or facing away (profile), and measured looking time responses. We expected dog portraits to be aversive, human portraits to attract interest, and tested dogs of different sex, skull length and breed function, which in previous work had predicted human-directed attention. Dog portraits attracted longer looking times than human profiles...
April 17, 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665752/histopathologic-findings-in-canine-pituitary-glands
#2
Margaret A Miller, David S Bruyette, J Catharine Scott-Moncrieff, Tina Jo Owen, José A Ramos-Vara, Hsin-Yi Weng, Andrea L Vanderpool, Annie V Chen, Linda G Martin, Deidre M DuSold, Sina Jahan
To optimize the histologic evaluation of hypophysectomy specimens, sections of 207 canine pituitary glands (196 postmortem, 11 hypophysectomy specimens) were reviewed. Adenohypophyseal proliferation was the most common (n = 79) lesion. Proliferative lesions were sparsely to densely granulated; the granules were usually basophilic to chromophobic and periodic acid-Schiff-positive. Adenohypophyseal proliferation was classified as hyperplasia (n = 40) if ≤2 mm diameter with intact reticulin network, as microadenoma (n = 22) for 1-5 mm homogeneous nodules with lost reticulin network, or as macroadenoma (n = 17) for larger tumors...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599258/brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome
#3
Jane Ladlow, Nai-Chieh Liu, Lajos Kalmar, David Sargan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593167/correlation-between-clinical-severity-and-type-and-degree-of-pectus-excavatum-in-twelve-brachycephalic-dogs
#4
Elham A Hassan, Marwa H Hassan, Faisal A Torad
The aim of the study was to correlate the clinical severity of pectus excavatum with its type and degree based on objective radiographic evaluation. Twelve brachycephalic dogs were included. Grading of the clinical severity was done based on a 6-point grading score. Thoracic radiographs were used to calculate the frontosagittal and vertebral indices at the tenth thoracic vertebra and the vertebra overlying the excavatum. Correlation between the clinical severity score and frontosagittal and vertebral indices was evaluated using Pearson's correlation coefficient...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566674/a-genome-wide-association-study-identifies-candidate-loci-associated-to-syringomyelia-secondary-to-chiari-like-malformation-in-cavalier-king-charles-spaniels
#5
Frédéric Ancot, Philippe Lemay, Susan P Knowler, Karen Kennedy, Sandra Griffiths, Giunio Bruto Cherubini, Jane Sykes, Paul J J Mandigers, Guy A Rouleau, Clare Rusbridge, Zoha Kibar
BACKGROUND: Syringomyelia (SM) is a common condition affecting brachycephalic toy breed dogs and is characterized by the development of fluid-filled cavities within the spinal cord. It is often concurrent with a complex developmental malformation of the skull and craniocervical vertebrae called Chiari-like malformation (CM) characterized by a conformational change and overcrowding of the brain and cervical spinal cord particularly at the craniocervical junction. CM and SM have a polygenic mode of inheritance with variable penetrance...
March 22, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523203/computer-simulation-of-syringomyelia-in-dogs
#6
Srdjan Cirovic, Robert Lloyd, Jelena Jovanovik, Holger A Volk, Clare Rusbridge
BACKGROUND: Syringomyelia is a pathological condition in which fluid-filled cavities (syringes) form and expand in the spinal cord. Syringomyelia is often linked with obstruction of the craniocervical junction and a Chiari malformation, which is similar in both humans and animals. Some brachycephalic toy breed dogs such as Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS) are particularly predisposed. The exact mechanism of the formation of syringomyelia is undetermined and consequently with the lack of clinical explanation, engineers and mathematicians have resorted to computer models to identify possible physical mechanisms that can lead to syringes...
March 9, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519855/evaluation-of-radiography-as-a-screening-method-for-detection-and-characterisation-of-congenital-vertebral-malformations-in-dogs
#7
Josep Brocal, Steven De Decker, Roberto José-López, Julien Guevar, Maria Ortega, Tim Parkin, Gert Ter Haar, Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana
Congenital vertebral malformations (CVM) are common in brachycephalic 'screw-tailed' dogs; they can be associated with neurological deficits and a genetic predisposition has been suggested. The purpose of this study was to evaluate radiography as a screening method for congenital thoracic vertebral malformations in brachycephalic 'screw-tailed' dogs by comparing it with CT. Forty-nine dogs that had both radiographic and CT evaluations of the thoracic vertebral column were included. Three observers retrospectively reviewed the images independently to detect CVMs...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486686/a-modified-technique-for-extraction-site-closure-of-the-maxillary-molars-in-a-dog
#8
Curt Ritchie
Performing oral surgery in dogs can present unique challenges. Among those challenges are the varying size and anatomical shape of the oral cavity in veterinary patients. Very small dogs and brachycephalic breeds provide limited exposure to the caudal maxilla. With the addition of an endotracheal tube and tie, the operating window can be quite limited and difficult to visualize and instrument. The following is a simple yet effective step-by-step procedure of tension-free closure of maxillary molar extractions in the dog...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440606/gait-abnormalities-in-brachycephalic-breeds-should-we-be-more-concerned
#9
COMMENT
Aurelien Jeandel, Laurent Garosi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380865/nasopharyngeal-sialoceles-in-11-brachycephalic-dogs
#10
Davide De Lorenzi, Diana Bertoncello, Chiara Mantovani, Enrico Bottero
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical features, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and outcomes of brachycephalic dogs with nasopharyngeal sialoceles (NPS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eleven brachycephalic dogs with NPS. METHODS: Diagnosis of NPS was based on identification of cystic nasopharyngeal masses containing saliva-like mucoid material on retroflexed endoscopy. Biopsies were obtained to support the diagnosis...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374126/continuing-the-campaign-on-brachycephalic-dogs
#11
Mark Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359973/magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-of-olfactory-bulb-angle-and-soft-palate-dimensions-in-brachycephalic-and-nonbrachycephalic-dogs
#12
David A Barker, Carlos Rubiños, Olivier Taeymans, Jackie L Demetriou
OBJECTIVE To determine from MRI measurements whether soft palate length (SPL) and thickness are correlated in dogs, evaluate the association between the olfactory bulb angle (OBA) and degree of brachycephalia, and determine the correlation between soft palate-epiglottis overlap and OBA in dogs. ANIMALS 50 brachycephalic and 50 nonbrachycephalic client-owned dogs without abnormalities of the head. PROCEDURES Medical records and archived midsagittal T2-weighted MRI images of brachycephalic and nonbrachycephalic dogs' heads were reviewed...
February 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336085/endotracheal-tube-placement-during-computed-tomography-of-brachycephalic-dogs-alters-upper-airway-dimensional-measurements
#13
Nai-Chieh Liu, Eileen L Troconis, Matthew McMillan, Marie-Aude Genain, Lajos Kalmar, David J Price, David R Sargan, Jane F Ladlow
Computed tomography (CT) is used to document upper airway lesions in dogs with brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome. The presence of an endotracheal tube during CT scanning is often required for general anesthesia. We hypothesized that the endotracheal tube placement would change the soft tissue dimensions of the upper airway. The aims of this prospective, method comparison study were to evaluate the reliability of the previously reported upper airway CT measurements with endotracheal tube placement, and to propose measurements that are minimally affected by the endotracheal tube...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326527/treatment-of-a-class-ii-malocclusion-with-deep-overbite-in-an-adult-patient-using-intermaxillary-elastics-and-spee-curve-controlling-with-reverse-and-accentuated-archwires
#14
Fabrício Pinelli Valarelli, Ronaldo Carniel, Paula Patrícia Cotrin-Silva, Mayara Paim Patel, Rodrigo Hermont Cançado, Karina Maria Salvatore Freitas, Marcos Roberto de Freitas
This paper aimed to describe the orthodontic treatment of an adult patient with the following characteristics: asymmetric Class II malocclusion, left subdivision, mandibular midline shifted to the left, mild mandibular anterior crowding, excessive overbite, 4-mm overjet, and a brachycephalic facial pattern. A 31-year-old male patient, treated with fixed preadjusted appliance with Roth prescription, with leveling and alignment NiTi archwire sequence. To correct the asymmetric Class II malocclusion, midline shift as well the overjet and overbite, intermaxillary elastics and accentuated and reversed stainless steel archwires were used, respectively...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305484/take-action-on-brachycephalic-dogs
#15
(no author information available yet)
BVA Policy Officer Hayley Atkin explains how the BVA's policy position on brachycephalic dogs can support you to take action with the #breedtobreathe campaign.
January 6, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304802/evaluation-of-the-influence-of-kyphosis-and-scoliosis-on-intervertebral-disc-extrusion-in-french-bulldogs
#16
Maria Claudia C M Inglez de Souza, Richard Ryan, Gert Ter Haar, Rowena M A Packer, Holger A Volk, Steven De Decker
BACKGROUND: Although thoracic vertebral malformations with kyphosis and scoliosis are often considered incidental findings on diagnostic imaging studies of screw-tailed brachycephalic breeds, they have been suggested to interfere with spinal biomechanics and intervertebral disc degeneration. It is however unknown if an abnormal spinal curvature also predisposes dogs to develop clinically relevant intervertebral disc herniations. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the occurrence of thoracic vertebral malformations, kyphosis or scoliosis would be associated with a higher prevalence of cervical or thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion in French bulldogs...
January 5, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290519/reduced-intercarotid-artery-distance-in-syndromic-and-isolated-brachycephaly
#17
Reza Assadsangabi, Mehrdad Hajmomenian, Seyed Ali Nabavizadeh, James Eric Schmitt, Arastoo Vossough
INTRODUCTION: The morphology of the skull base can be altered in craniosynostoses. The objective of this study is to evaluate the reduced intercarotid artery distance in the lacerum segment in patients with syndromic and isolated brachycephaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distances between the inner walls of the carotid canal at the lacerum segment were measured on high-resolution CT scans in children with Crouzon (25), Pfeiffer (21), Apert (26), Saethre-Chotzen (7) syndromes, isolated bicoronal synostosis (9), and compared to an age-matched control group (30)...
February 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287156/evaluation-of-the-diagnostic-yield-of-dental-radiography-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-for-the-identification-of-dental-disorders-in-small-to-medium-sized-brachycephalic-dogs
#18
Sophie Döring, Boaz Arzi, David C Hatcher, Philip H Kass, Frank J M Verstraete
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic yield of dental radiography (Rad method) and cone-beam CT (CBCT) methods for the identification of 31 predefined dental disorders in brachycephalic dogs. ANIMALS 19 client-owned brachycephalic dogs admitted for evaluation and treatment of dental disease. PROCEDURES 31 predefined dental disorders were evaluated separately and scored by use of dental radiography and 3 CBCT software modules (serial CBCT slices and custom cross sections, tridimensional rendering, and reconstructed panoramic views)...
January 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287153/evaluation-of-the-diagnostic-yield-of-dental-radiography-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-for-the-identification-of-anatomic-landmarks-in-small-to-medium-sized-brachycephalic-dogs
#19
Sophie Döring, Boaz Arzi, Catherine R Barich, David C Hatcher, Philip H Kass, Frank J M Verstraete
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic yield of dental radiography (Rad method) and 3 cone-beam CT (CBCT) methods for the identification of predefined anatomic landmarks in brachycephalic dogs. ANIMALS 19 client-owned brachycephalic dogs admitted for evaluation and treatment of dental disease. PROCEDURES 26 predefined anatomic landmarks were evaluated separately by use of the RAD method and 3 CBCT software modules (serial CBCT slices and custom cross sections, tridimensional rendering, and reconstructed panoramic views)...
January 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222156/brachycephalics-and-advertising
#20
LETTER
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Veterinary Record
keyword
keyword
67647
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"