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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787553/logistics-of-air-medical-transport-when-and-where-does-helicopter-transport-reduce-prehospital-time-for-trauma
#1
Xilin Chen, Mark L Gestring, Matthew R Rosengart, Andrew B Peitzman, Timothy R Billiar, Jason L Sperry, Joshua B Brown
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a time sensitive disease. Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have shown benefit over ground EMS (GEMS), which may be related to reduced prehospital time. The distance at which this time benefit emerges depends on many factors that can vary across regions. Our objective was to determine the threshold distance at which HEMS has shorter prehospital time than GEMS under different conditions. METHODS: Patients in the PA trauma registry 2000-2013 were included...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735233/an-evaluation-of-education-methods-used-to-train-united-states-air-force-air-medical-evacuation-crewmembers-on-aircraft-systems
#2
Mathew E Beeman, Aubray Orduna
OBJECTIVE: United States Air Force air medical evacuation crewmembers (AECMs) are responsible for the safe air medical evacuation of casualties in dynamic environments and must be highly proficient in the C-17, C-130H/J, and KC-135R/T aircraft. Current methods to train AECMs on their aircraft proficiency include computer-based simulation training (CBT) or instructor-based training (IBT) on an actual aircraft. This study compares the aircraft proficiency scores between AECMs who were trained via CBT and IBT methods...
May 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735227/care-of-the-injured-patients-at-nursing-stations-and-during-air-medical-transport
#3
Brodie Nolan, Alun Ackery, Sol Mamakwa, Shari Glenn, David VanderBurgh, Aaron Orkin, Michael Kirlew, Evelyn Dell, Homer Tien
INTRODUCTION: Nursing stations are the only access point into the health care system for some communities and have limited capabilities and resources. We describe characteristics of patients injured in Northern Ontario who present to nursing stations and require transport by air ambulance. Secondary objectives are to compare interventions performed at nursing stations with those performed by flight paramedics and to identify systemic gaps in trauma care. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all injured patients transported by air ambulance from April 1, 2014, to March 31, 2015...
May 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730095/body-temperature-change-and-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-long-distance-air-medical-transport
#4
Mikio Nakajima, Shotaro Aso, Hideo Yasunaga, Masamitsu Shirokawa, Tomotsugu Nakano, Yasuhiko Miyakuni, Hideaki Goto, Yoshihiro Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: Short-distance air medical transport for adult emergency patients does not significantly affect patients' body temperature and outcomes. This study aimed to examine the influence of long-distance air medical transport on patients' body temperatures and the relationship between body temperature change and mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled consecutive patients transferred via helicopter or plane from isolated islands to an emergency medical center in Tokyo, Japan between April 2010 and December 2016...
April 30, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478585/corrigendum-to-pediatric-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-patient-with-traumatic-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-takotsubo-syndrome-air-medical-journal-37-2018-64-66
#5
Thomas E Pearson, Meg A Frizzola, Marc A Priest, Monica F Rochman, Curtis D Froehlich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478579/air-medical-simulation-training-a-retrospective-review-of-cost-and-effectiveness
#6
Marc P Dotson, Mark L Gustafson, Alfred Tager, Leslie M Peterson
OBJECTIVE: Simulation training is an integral part of the training of medical personnel. However, there are limited data on the use of simulation in the training of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively compared the number of orientation flights needed to be released to a full crewmember and the cost of training in an air medical flight academy before and after implementation of a high-fidelity air medical simulator...
March 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478577/should-helicopters-transport-patients-who-become-sick-after-a-chemical-biological-radiological-nuclear-and-explosive-attack
#7
Youichi Yanagawa, Kouhei Ishikawa, Ikuto Takeuchi, Hiroki Nagasawa, Kei Jitsuiki, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kazuhiko Omori
The local fire department executed a training simulation for chemical and explosive incidents at a large sports facility. In this training simulation, a physician-staffed helicopter arrived at the request of the fire department and landed just outside the cold zone in the parking area. The doctor and nurse of the helicopter were escorted to a red area in the cold zone, which was selected based on the results of postdecontamination triage. After the patients had been treated, they were air medically evacuated to the base hospital...
March 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478573/systolic-blood-pressure-threshold-for-hems-witnessed-arrests
#8
Aurore Richard, Jared Johns, Allen Wolfe, David Olvera, Alin Gragossian, Eliana Vaezazizi, Daniel Davis
OBJECTIVE: Defining vital sign thresholds has focused on mortality, which may be delayed for hours, days, or weeks after injury. This limits the immediate clinical significance in guiding therapy to avoid arrest. The aim of this study was to identify a systolic blood pressure (SBP) threshold indicating imminent cardiopulmonary arrest. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study analyzing physiological data from air medical patients suffering witnessed arrest...
March 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465279/a-continuous-quality-improvement-airway-program-results-in-sustained-increases-in-intubation-success
#9
David J Olvera, David F E Stuhlmiller, Allen Wolfe, Charles F Swearingen, Troy Pennington, Daniel P Davis
INTRODUCTION: Airway management is a critical skill for air medical providers, including the use of rapid sequence intubation (RSI) medications. Mediocre success rates and a high incidence of complications has challenged air medical providers to improve training and performance improvement efforts to improve clinical performance. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to describe the experience with a novel, integrated advanced airway management program across a large air medical company and explore the impact of the program on improvement in RSI success...
February 21, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465274/intubation-success-in-critical-care-transport-a-multicenter-study
#10
Ryan J Reichert, Megan Gothard, M David Gothard, Hamilton P Schwartz, Michael T Bigham
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation (TI) is a lifesaving critical care skill. Failed TI attempts, however, can harm patients. Critical care transport (CCT) teams function as the first point of critical care contact for patients being transported to tertiary medical centers for specialized surgical, medical, and trauma care. The Ground and Air Medical qUality in Transport (GAMUT) Quality Improvement Collaborative uses a quality metric database to track CCT quality metric performance, including TI...
February 21, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442333/cost-benefit-analysis-of-telemedicine-systems-units-in-greek-remote-areas
#11
Marios-Nikolaos Kouskoukis, Charalambos Botsaris
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine units and information technology systems provide special healthcare services to remote populations using telecommunication technology, in order to reduce or even remove the usual and typical face-to-face contact between doctor and patient. This innovative approach to medical care delivery has been expanding for several years and currently covers various medical specialties. OBJECTIVE: To facilitate installation of telemedicine systems/units in Greek remote areas, this article presents results of a cost-benefit analysis for two Greek islands, Patmos and Leros, using specific economic criteria...
June 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384773/tranexamic-acid-promise-or-panacea-the-impact-of-air-medical-administration-of-tranexamic-acid-on-morbidity-mortality-and-length-of-stay
#12
Brian G Cornelius, Karen McCarty, Kristi Hylan, Angela Cornelius, Keith Carter, Kenneth W G Smith, Srdan Ristic, Daniel Vining, Urska Cvek, Marjan Trutschl
The MATTERs and CRASH-2 studies demonstrate that tranexamic acid (TXA) reduces mortality in patients with traumatic hemorrhage. However, their results, conducted in foreign countries and with U.S. military soldiers, provoke concerns over generalizability to civilian trauma patients in the United States was reported. The evaluation of patient outcomes following treatment with TXA by a civilian air medical program. A retrospective chart review of trauma patients transported by air service to a Level 1 trauma center was conducted...
January 2018: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377753/flight-versus-ground-out-of-hospital-rapid-sequence-intubation-success-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Pieter F Fouche, Christopher Stein, Paul Simpson, Jestin N Carlson, Kristina M Zverinova, Suhail A Doi
INTRODUCTION: Endotracheal intubation (ETI) is a critical procedure performed by both air medical and ground based emergency medical services (EMS). Previous work has suggested that ETI success rates are greater for air medical providers. However, air medical providers may have greater airway experience, enhanced airway education, and access to alternative ETI options such as rapid sequence intubation (RSI). We sought to analyze the impact of the type of EMS on RSI success. METHODS: A systematic literature search of Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library was conducted and eligibility, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias were assessed independently by two reviewers...
January 29, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332778/cricothyrotomy-in-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-transport
#14
Kevin High, Jeremy Brywczynski, Jin H Han
OBJECTIVE: Airway management is a requisite skill set for helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) providers. Cricothyrotomy is a potentially lifesaving skill that is used when other airway maneuvers fail. The authors reviewed all transports by a helicopter program in which cricothyrotomy was performed to assess the frequency, success, and technique. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of air medical patient records from an electronic medical record system over a 112-month period...
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332775/development-and-testing-of-a-neonatal-intubation-checklist-for-an-air-medical-transport-team
#15
Lisa A Davidson, Richard B Utarnachitt, Andrew Mason, Taylor Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: We developed a Neonatal Intubation Checklist for Airlift Northwest. Our goal was to improve the preparation, technical proficiency, and safety of neonatal intubation without increasing the time required to perform the procedure. METHODS: The Neonatal Intubation Checklist, a "call and response" checklist for neonatal intubation, was developed. Its effectiveness was evaluated during a baseline assessment and 2 practice sessions after a checklist orientation...
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332774/an-analysis-of-intoxicated-patients-transported-by-a-doctor-helicopter
#16
Ikuto Takeuchi, Kazuhiko Omori, Hiroki Nagasawa, Kei Jitsuiki, Takashi Iso, Akihiko Kondo, Kouhei Ishikawa, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Youichi Yanagawa
OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively investigated all of the intoxicated patients who were transported by a doctor helicopter (DH) in eastern Shizuoka between April 2004 and December 2015 to determine when air medical transport was used in cases of toxic exposure. METHODS: Subjects were divided into 2 groups: an outpatient group of subjects who went home after receiving a medical evaluation and treatment and an admission group. RESULTS: The outpatient and admission groups included 17 and 31 subjects, respectively...
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331494/a-novel-difficult-airway-prediction-tool-for-emergency-airway-management-validation-of-the-heaven-criteria-in-a-large-air-medical-cohort
#17
Edward Kuzmack, Travis Inglis, David Olvera, Allen Wolfe, Kona Seng, Daniel Davis
BACKGROUND: Difficult-airway prediction tools help identify optimal airway techniques, but were derived in elective surgery patients and may not be applicable to emergency rapid sequence intubation (RSI). The HEAVEN criteria (Hypoxemia, Extremes of size, Anatomic abnormalities, Vomit/blood/fluid, Exsanguination, Neck mobility issues) may be more relevant to emergency RSI patients. OBJECTIVE: To validate the HEAVEN criteria for difficult-airway prediction in emergency RSI using a large air medical cohort...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297735/national-assessment-of-quality-programs-in-emergency-medical-services
#18
Michael Redlener, Patrick Olivieri, George T Loo, Kevin Munjal, Michael T Hilton, Katya Trudeau Potkin, Michael Levy, Jeffrey Rabrich, Michael R Gunderson, Sabina A Braithwaite
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to understand the adoption of clinical quality measurement throughout the United States on an EMS agency level, the features of agencies that do participate in quality measurement, and the level of physician involvement. It also aims to barriers to implementing quality improvement initiatives in EMS. METHODS: A 46-question survey was developed to gather agency level data on current quality improvement practices and measurement. The survey was distributed nationally via State EMS Offices to EMS agencies nation-wide using Surveymonkey©...
May 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132596/air-medical-evacuated-battle-injuries-french-army-2001-to-2014-in-afghanistan
#19
Jimmy Robert, Jean-Pierre Tourtier, Vicky Vitalis, SĂ©bastien Coste, Wanda Gaspard, Cyprien Bourrilhon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of strategic air medical evacuation (STRAT AE) is to enable the continuity of care and repatriation of wounded soldiers. Between 2001 and 2014, STRAT AEs have been implemented many times over the course of the military engagement in Afghanistan. The purpose of this work was to study the nature of the pathologies and the medicalization of patients most seriously wounded during the PAMIR Operation (Afghanistan). METHODS: This was an epidemiological study conducted retrospectively from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2014, of the STRAT AEs with the air medical team from the Afghan operating room to France...
November 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132594/ketamine-sedation-for-patients-with-acute-behavioral-disturbance-during-aeromedical-retrieval-a-retrospective-chart-review
#20
Vinay Gangathimmaiah, Minh Le Cong, Mike Wilson, Kate Hooper, Andrew Perry, Luke Burman, Nathan Puckeridge, Brian J Maguire
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, safety (as measured by the incidence of adverse events), and effectiveness (as measured by the incidence of intubations) of ketamine sedation in patients with acute behavioral disturbance (ABD) during air medical retrieval. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. Eligible patients were identified by searching the electronic databases of 2 air medical retrieval services in Queensland, Australia, for adult patients with ABD transported between January 1, 2015, and June 30, 2016...
November 2017: Air Medical Journal
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