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"Air medical"

Toby Shipway, Elaine Johnson, Sheridan Bell, Jodie Martin, Peter Clark
OBJECTIVE: There has been much newspaper and online news coverage of in-flight obstetric births on commercial aircraft over several decades. This case series reviews several cases of in-flight birth and immediate maternal and neonatal outcomes from air medical retrievals in the Northern Territory of Australia over a 3-year period. METHODS: This is a retrospective written case note and electronic medical retrieval record analysis of 4 patients undergoing in-flight, at altitude, obstetric birth...
September 2016: Air Medical Journal
Lisa M Grisham, Valerie Vickers, David E Biffar, Hannes Prescher, Norma J Battaglia, John E Jarred, Sirandon A H Reid, Allan J Hamilton
Limited clinical site availability and an increased need for clinical training experiences often make it difficult for prehospital health care providers to complete new and annual training requirements. Medical simulation provides an alternative learning environment that provides trainees the opportunity to acquire and perfect new clinical skills without compromising patient care. The following is a detailed description of an air medical transport simulation of a neonate with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy requiring transport to a higher level of care...
September 2016: Air Medical Journal
David Eisenbrey, Arthur B Eisenbrey, Patrick Pettengill
Endotracheal tubes are intended to protect the airway and assist with mechanical ventilation in sedated patients. The blood vessels of the tracheal mucosa can be compressed by high tracheal tube cuff pressures (> 30 cm H2O), leading to reduced mucosal blood flow with resulting ischemia and morbidity. Previous research showed a direct correlation between aircraft pressure altitude and the pressure reading from the tracheal cuff, with resulting pressures > 80 cm H2O at 10,000 ft. Standard practice is to periodically remove air from the cuff during ascent based on assumed increased pressure on the adjacent tracheal mucosa...
September 2016: Air Medical Journal
Himanshu Khurana, Yatin Mehta, Sunil Dubey
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Long distance air travel for medical needs is on the increase worldwide. The condition of some patients necessitates specially modified aircraft, and monitoring and interventions during transport by trained medical personnel. This article presents our experience in domestic and international interhospital air medical transportation from January 2010 to January 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hospital records of all air medical transportation undertaken to the institute during the period were analyzed for demographics, primary etiology, and events during transport...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Jorge Mena-Munoz, Udayan Srivastava, Christian Martin-Gill, Brian Suffoletto, Clifton W Callaway, Francis X Guyette
BACKGROUND: Civilian out-of-hospital transfusions have not been adequately studied. This study seeks to characterize patients receiving out-of-hospital blood product transfusion during critical care transport. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied patients transported by a regional critical care air-medical service who received blood products during transport. This service carries two units of uncrossmatched packed Red Blood Cells (pRBCs) on every transport in addition to blood obtained from referring facilities...
September 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Domhnall O'Dochartaigh, Matthew Douma, Mark MacKenzie
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of prehospital ultrasonography (PHUS) to support interventions, when used by physician and non-physician air medical crew (AMC), in a Canadian helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of consecutive patients who underwent ultrasound examination during HEMS care from January 1, 2009 through March 10, 2014. An a priori created data form was used to record patient demographics, type of ultrasound scan performed, ultrasound findings, location of scan, type of interventions supported by PHUS, factors that affected PHUS completion, and quality indicator(s)...
July 19, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Sabrina De Winter, Koen Bronselaer, Peter Vanbrabant, Bart Blanchaert, Marwa F Mansour, Daniele Brandolisio, Stijn De Jonge, Peter Slaets, Paul Sas, Ann Van Schepdael, Isabel Spriet
OBJECTIVE: Transportation by air exposes drugs used in emergency medical services to vibrations. The aim of the study was to determine whether or not vibrations caused by a helicopter induce the degradation of 5 drugs used in this setting. METHODS: A longitudinal study in an operating medical helicopter along with a worst case was conducted. The studied drugs were 3 drugs labeled for refrigeration (cisatracurium, lorazepam, and succinylcholine) and 2 albumin solutions (human albumin 4% and 20%)...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
Marcel Winkelmann, Lars Friedrich, Christian Schröter, Andreas Flemming, Hendrik Eismann, Lion Sieg, Philipp Mommsen, Christian Krettek, Christian Zeckey
OBJECTIVE: Christoph Life is a simulator-based air medical training program and a new and innovative educational concept. Participants pass different scenarios with a fully equipped and movable helicopter simulator. Main focuses of the program are crew resource management (CRM) elements and team training. Information about expectations end effectiveness of the training is sparse. METHODS: During a 2-day training, participants learn CRM basics and complete various emergency medical scenarios...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
Howard A Werman, Ashley Zielinski, Bradley D Raetzke, James F Nappi
OBJECTIVE: Patients who require extremity reimplantation represent a population in whom rapid transport could provide potential benefit. Only 1 previous report has described the use of air transport in patients with these injuries. We describe our experience in air medical transport of limb reimplantation candidates. METHODS: A retrospective chart review for all patients with amputation or near-amputation extremity injuries who were transported by helicopter to a regional reimplantation center over a 4-year period was conducted...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
Emma Lucy Joynes, Jodie Martin, Mark Ross
This study aims to assess the management of septic shock by air medical retrieval teams in the remote setting. A retrospective observational study was performed over 36 months. Sixty-seven adult patients who met the criteria for septic shock were included. Respiratory sepsis was the working diagnosis for 53% of patients; this was confirmed on intensive care unit (ICU) discharge in 39% of patients. Intravenous antibiotics and oxygen were delivered in over 90% of patients. Central and arterial line insertions were performed in 48% and 40% of patients, respectively, and 79% of patients were catheterized...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
Russell D MacDonald, Felipe Allendes
OBJECTIVE: Transport of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP)-dependent patients between hospitals is increasingly common. The transports are typically time-sensitive and require personnel familiar with IABP operation and management of a potentially unstable patient. This study examined transports performed by specially trained critical care paramedics in a large air medical and land critical care transport service. METHODS: This retrospective, descriptive review prospectively collected data for IABP-dependent patient transports in Ontario, Canada in a 10-year interval beginning September 2003...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
Kevin High, Jeremy Brywczynski, Oscar Guillamondegui
OBJECTIVE: The use of thoracostomy to treat tension pneumothorax is a core skill for prehospital providers. Tension pneumothoraces are potentially lethal and are often encountered in the prehospital environment. METHODS: The authors reviewed the prehospital electronic medical records of patients who had undergone finger thoracostomy (FT) or tube thoracostomy (TT) while under the care of air medical crewmembers. Demographic data were obtained along with survival and complications...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
Dirk Dethleff, Nils Weinrich, Birgitt Kowald, Dorothea Hory, Rüdiger Franz, Maja Verena Nielsen, Klaus Seide, Christian Jürgens, Markus Stuhr
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was 2-fold: 1) to show emergency-related traumatic injury and acute disease patterns and 2) to evaluate air rescue process times in a remotely located German offshore wind farm. Optimally, this will support methodologies to reduce offshore help time (time from the incoming emergency call until offshore arrival of the helicopter). METHODS: The type and severity of traumatic injuries and acute diseases were retrospectively analyzed for 39 air medevacs from August 2011 to December 2013, and the process times of air rescue missions were evaluated in detail...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
Celeste M Alfes, Stephanie Steiner, Tonya Rutherford-Hemming
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the challenges new crewmembers experience in the critical care transport (CCT) environment and to determine the most valuable resources when acclimating to the transport environment. To date, no study has focused on the unique challenges nor the resources most effective in CCT training. METHODS: This descriptive exploratory study was conducted with a convenience survey sent to the 3 largest professional CCT organizations: the Association of Air Medical Services, the Air and Surface Transport Nurses Association, and the Association of Critical Care Transport...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
Natasha Ross, Geoff Donovan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
Carsten Schumacher, Eckhard Mössinger, William Min, Frank Hildebrand, Michael Frink
OBJECTIVE: Drowning is one of the leading injury death causes in younger children. Common intensive care measures seem not to improve neurologic outcome, and early prognostic options appear partially unreliable. Therefore, we evaluated a cohort of drowning patients cotreated by a helicopter emergency medical service regarding typical incident constellations, early and subsequent prognostic options, and relevant interventions. METHODS: All patients prehospitally cotreated by helicopter emergency medical service "Christoph 4" in primary missions because of drowning incidents during a 10-year period were evaluated...
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
Richard L Summers, Sarah A Sterling
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) offer clinical advantages over warfarin, such as minimal medication and food interactions and fixed dosing without the need for routine monitoring of coagulation status. As with all anticoagulants, bleeding, either spontaneous or provoked, is the most common complication. The long-term use of these drugs is increasing, and there is a crucial need for emergency medicine service professionals to understand the optimal management of associated bleeding. This review aims to describe the indications and pharmacokinetics of available DOACs; to discuss the risk of bleeding; to provide a treatment algorithm to manage DOAC-associated emergency bleeding; and to discuss future directions in bleeding management, including the role of specific reversal agents, such as the recently approved idarucizumab for reversal of the direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran...
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
Joe Coons, Christine Zalar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
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