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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600932/investigation-of-associations-between-attachment-parenting-and-schizotypy-during-the-postnatal-period
#1
Melanie Hugill, Ian Fletcher, Katherine Berry
BACKGROUND: Parenting can be a stressful experience particularly for people with mental health problems or people who experienced abuse or attachment difficulties in their own childhoods. This study examined the relationships between earlier trauma, attachment, parenting and schizotypy in a non-clinical sample, with the specific hypothesis that parenting stress and competence would mediate any association between trauma, attachment and schizotypy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four first time parents with a child under 12 months old completed the following questionnaires online: the Experiences of Close Relationships Scale - Short Form (ECR-S), the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief, Revised (SPQ-BR) the Parenting Stress Scale, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) and the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#2
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
May 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990350/supporting-parents-of-premature-infants-transitioning-from-the-nicu-to-home-a-pilot-randomized-control-trial-of-a-smartphone-application
#3
Craig F Garfield, Young Seok Lee, Hyung Nam Kim, Joshua Rutsohn, Janine Yasmin Kahn, Brian Mustanski, David C Mohr
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether parents of Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) transitioning home with the NICU-2-Home smartphone application have greater parenting self-efficacy, are better prepared for discharge and have shorter length of stay (LOS) than control parents. METHODS: A four-week pilot randomized controlled trial during the transition home with 90 VLBW parents randomized to usual care (n=44) or usual care plus NICU-2-Home (n=46), a smartphone application designed for VLBW parents...
May 2016: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587160/design-and-implementation-of-wireless-dose-logger-network-for-radiological-emergency-decision-support-system
#4
V Gopalakrishnan, R Baskaran, B Venkatraman
A decision support system (DSS) is implemented in Radiological Safety Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research for providing guidance for emergency decision making in case of an inadvertent nuclear accident. Real time gamma dose rate measurement around the stack is used for estimating the radioactive release rate (source term) by using inverse calculation. Wireless gamma dose logging network is designed, implemented, and installed around the Madras Atomic Power Station reactor stack to continuously acquire the environmental gamma dose rate and the details are presented in the paper...
August 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566672/effectiveness-of-psychotherapeutic-consultation-in-the-workplace-a-controlled-observational-trial
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Eva Rothermund, Harald Gündel, Edit Rottler, Michael Hölzer, Dorothea Mayer, Monika Rieger, Reinhold Kilian
BACKGROUND: This study compares the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic consultation in the workplace (PSIW) with psychotherapeutic outpatient care (PSOC) in Germany. METHODS: Work ability (WAI), quality of life (SF-12), clinical symptoms (PHQ) and work-related stress (MBI, IS) were assessed in 367 patients seeking mental health care via two routes (PSIW n = 174; PSOC n = 193) before consultation and 12 weeks later. Changes in outcome variables were assessed using covariance analysis with repeated measures (ANCOVA) with sociodemographic variables (propensity score method), therapy dose, setting and symptom severity as covariates...
August 26, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122389/early-parental-adaptation-prenatal-distress-and-high-risk-pregnancy
#6
Daphna G Dollberg, Tamir Rozenfeld, Michael Kupfermincz
OBJECTIVES: To examine the examined the effects of high risk pregnancy and prenatal distress on parental postnatal adaptation.  METHODS:  A sample of 111 expecting parents, consisting of 32 high risk pregnancy (HRP) mothers and 21 spouses and 36 matched low risk pregnancy (LRP) mothers and 22 spouses completed reports of depression symptoms (BDI) and pregnancy related concerns prenatally. At three months postpartum, parent-infant direct observations and reports of parenting alliance (PAI), stress (PSI-SF), satisfaction and efficacy (PSOC) were gathered...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107722/patterns-of-care-predictors-and-outcomes-of-chemotherapy-for-ovarian-carcinosarcoma-a-national-cancer-database-analysis
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
J Alejandro Rauh-Hain, Rafael Gonzalez, Amy J Bregar, Joel Clemmer, Abraham Hernández-Blanquisett, Rachel M Clark, John O Schorge, Marcela G Del Carmen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine if outcomes of patients with ovarian carcinosarcoma (OCS) differ from those of women with high-grade papillary serous ovarian carcinoma (HG-PSOC) when compared by stage and treatment modalities. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried to identify patients with OCS and HG-PSOC diagnosed between 2003 and 2011. Demographic and clinical data were compared, and the impact of tumor histology on survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
July 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064179/the-power-of-connections-psychological-sense-of-community-as-a-predictor-of-volunteerism
#8
Allen M Omoto, Cody D Packard
Two studies explored psychological antecedents of volunteerism, including several dispositional constructs and psychological sense of community (PSOC). In Study 1, 140 retirees completed measures of empathy, self-esteem, generativity, and PSOC, as well as involvement in volunteer organizations and weekly volunteering hours at two points in time. PSOC predicted concurrent and future volunteerism even after controlling for the other predictors. In Study 2 (n = 427), PSOC and measures of environmental concern and connectedness were used to predict current environmental volunteerism and activism...
2016: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27060400/post-partum-depression-and-the-psychosocial-predictors-in-first-time-fathers-from-northwestern-china
#9
Yin-Ping Zhang, Lu-Lu Zhang, Huan-Huan Wei, Yao Zhang, Chun-Li Zhang, Caroline Porr
BACKGROUND: there is growing evidence that fathers also experience post partum depression (PPD). However, paternal PPD has been less studied than maternal PPD. Very few studies have investigated PPD in first-time fathers from northwestern China. OBJECTIVE: the purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence and predictors of depressive symptoms in first-time fathers from northwestern China. METHODS: a longitudinal study was conducted involving 180 couples who were assessed at three time periods: 3 days, 2 weeks and 6 weeks after childbirth...
April 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685870/psychosocial-oncology-care-resources-in-europe-a-study-under-the-european-partnership-for-action-against-cancer-epaac
#10
Luzia Travado, Joaquim C Reis, Maggie Watson, Josep Borras
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a complex health problem requiring multidisciplinary care. There are clinical guidelines available in order to improve the process and outcomes of cancer care within Europe. However, strategic action is still needed in many European Union (EU) Member States to develop or improve national cancer control plans (NCCPs), which play a key role in cancer control and care. The current study clarifies the extent of implementation of psychosocial oncology care (PSOC) in the EU...
December 21, 2015: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26426911/depression-and-distress-in-caregivers-of-children-with-brain-tumors-undergoing-treatment-psychosocial-factors-as-moderators
#11
Eun Kyung Choi, Soo Jin Yoon, Jong-Heun Kim, Hyeon Jin Park, Joo Young Kim, Eun-Seung Yu
OBJECTIVE: This study's objectives were to examine the effects of depression on the distress of caregivers of children with brain tumors and to identify the factors moderating depression and caregiver distress. METHODS: Participants were 82 caregivers of children with brain tumors undergoing treatment in the National Cancer Center of South Korea. The depression subscale of the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and the Burden of a Primary Caregiver (BPC) Scale were used to measure participants' depression and caregiver distress, respectively...
May 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26233420/note-design-and-development-of-wireless-controlled-aerosol-sampling-network-for-large-scale-aerosol-dispersion-experiments
#12
V Gopalakrishnan, V Subramanian, R Baskaran, B Venkatraman
Wireless based custom built aerosol sampling network is designed, developed, and implemented for environmental aerosol sampling. These aerosol sampling systems are used in field measurement campaign, in which sodium aerosol dispersion experiments have been conducted as a part of environmental impact studies related to sodium cooled fast reactor. The sampling network contains 40 aerosol sampling units and each contains custom built sampling head and the wireless control networking designed with Programmable System on Chip (PSoC™) and Xbee Pro RF modules...
July 2015: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26186749/on-the-design-and-implementation-of-a-highly-accurate-pulse-predictor-for-exercise-equipment
#13
Steven Kay, Quan Ding, Dongyang Li
GOAL: This study aims to develop highly accurate heart rate monitoring from the hand-held contact signal within a noisy environment during exercise. METHODS: The periodic pattern and uncertainties of a physiological signal are modeled by a Laplacian random process. Based on this statistical model, a highly accurate pulse predictor (HAPPEE) is derived and implemented in real-time on a Cypress PSoC 5LP development board. A real-time experiment is designed to compare HAPPEE with a commercial heart rate monitor from POLAR...
August 2015: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25895494/the-family-startup-program-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-universal-group-based-parenting-support-program
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tea Trillingsgaard, Rikke Damkjær Maimburg, Marianne Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Inadequate parenting is an important public health problem with possible severe and long-term consequences related to child development. We have solid theoretical and political arguments in favor of efforts enhancing the quality of the early family environment in the population at large. However, little is known about effect of universal approaches to parenting support during the transition to parenthood. This protocol describes an experimental evaluation of group based parenting support, the Family Startup Program (FSP), currently implemented large scale in Denmark...
April 21, 2015: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25799141/particle-swarm-optimization-based-feature-enhancement-and-feature-selection-for-improved-emotion-recognition-in-speech-and-glottal-signals
#15
Hariharan Muthusamy, Kemal Polat, Sazali Yaacob
In the recent years, many research works have been published using speech related features for speech emotion recognition, however, recent studies show that there is a strong correlation between emotional states and glottal features. In this work, Mel-frequency cepstralcoefficients (MFCCs), linear predictive cepstral coefficients (LPCCs), perceptual linear predictive (PLP) features, gammatone filter outputs, timbral texture features, stationary wavelet transform based timbral texture features and relative wavelet packet energy and entropy features were extracted from the emotional speech (ES) signals and its glottal waveforms(GW)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25569987/wireless-simultaneous-stimulation-and-recording-device-to-train-cortical-circuits-in-somatosensory-cortex
#16
John T Ramshur, Amy L de Jongh Curry, Robert S Waters
We describe for the first time the design, implementation, and testing of a telemetry controlled simultaneous stimulation and recording device (SRD) to deliver chronic intercortical microstimulation (ICMS) to physiologically identified sites in rat somatosensory cortex (SI) and test hypotheses that chronic ICMS strengthens interhemispheric pathways and leads to functional reorganization in the enhanced cortex. The SRD is a custom embedded device that uses the Cypress Semiconductor's programmable system on a chip (PSoC) that is remotely controlled via Bluetooth...
2014: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25386912/reactivity-of-liquid-and-semisolid-secondary-organic-carbon-with-chloride-and-nitrate-in-atmospheric-aerosols
#17
Bingbing Wang, Rachel E O'Brien, Stephen T Kelly, John E Shilling, Ryan C Moffet, Mary K Gilles, Alexander Laskin
Constituents of secondary organic carbon (SOC) in atmospheric aerosols are often mixed with inorganic components and compose a significant mass fraction of fine particulate matter in the atmosphere. Interactions between SOC and other condensed-phase species are not well understood. Here, we investigate the reactions of liquid-like and semisolid SOC from ozonolysis of limonene (LSOC) and α-pinene (PSOC) with NaCl using a set of complementary microspectroscopic analyses. These reactions result in chloride depletion in the condensed phase, release of gaseous HCl, and formation of organic salts...
May 14, 2015: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24464811/programmable-system-on-chip-psoc-embedded-readout-designs-for-liquid-helium-level-sensors
#18
C Parasakthi, K Gireesan, R Usha Rani, O K Sheela, M P Janawadkar
This article reports the development of programmable system-on-chip (PSoC)-based embedded readout designs for liquid helium level sensors using resistive liquid vapor discriminators. The system has been built for the measurement of liquid helium level in a concave-bottomed, helmet-shaped, fiber-reinforced plastic cryostat for magnetoencephalography. This design incorporates three carbon resistors as cost-effective sensors, which are mounted at desired heights inside the cryostat and were used to infer the liquid helium level by measuring their temperature-dependent resistance...
August 2014: Journal of Laboratory Automation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24462804/transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-the-ovary-a-case-control-study
#19
Stephanie H Guseh, J Alejandro Rauh-Hain, Rosemary H Tambouret, Michelle Davis, Rachel M Clark, David M Boruta, Annekathryn Goodman, Whitfield B Growdon, John O Schorge, Marcela G del Carmen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare response to chemotherapy and survival between patients with transitional call carcinoma of the ovary (TCCO) and papillary serous ovarian cancer (PSOC). METHODS: We identified women with both pure and mixed TCCO who were treated between 2000 and 2010. Each case was matched to two women with PSOC by age, grade, stage, and year of diagnosis. Correlation between categorical variables was assessed with chi square test. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to generate overall survival data (OS)...
March 2014: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24437327/validation-of-the-parenting-sense-of-competence-scale-in-fathers-thai-version
#20
Tatirat Suwansujarid, Paranee Vatanasomboon, Nan Gaylord, Punyarat Lapvongwatana
The role of the parent is a significant family factor that can impact the child cognitively, emotionally, and socially. Strengthening parents' competence improves their performance as parents. This study is the development and validation of the Thai Parenting Sense of Competence scale (Thai PSOC scale) for assessing the parenting competence of Thai fathers. The Thai PSOC scale was revised from the PSOC scale developed by Gibaud-Wallston and Wandersman (1978). The scale consists of 17 items with 2 subscales: skill/knowledge (8 items) and valuing/comfort (9 items)...
September 2013: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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