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Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Tiamo Katsonga-Phiri, Katherine Lisa Rosenblum, Lindsay Hamilton, Maria Muzik
This study examines the effect of a history of childhood maltreatment (CM) on parenting sense of competence, taking into account the influence of resilience and postpartum depressive symptoms as moderators of this relationship. Participants (N = 131) were a community sample of women recruited into a larger study of maternal childhood maltreatment. Women completed questionnaires over the phone at 4 months postpartum and parenting sense of competence (PSOC) was assessed during a home visit at 6 months postpartum...
June 2, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Mario V Capanzana, Divorah V Aguila, Glen Melvin P Gironella, Kristine V Montecillo
Background: The study aimed to analyze the nutritional status of Filipino children ages 0-60 months (0-5.0 years old) and 61-120 months (5.08-10.0 years old) in households headed by fisherfolks. Methods: The 8th National Nutrition Survey (NNS) data collected by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) was used in the study. There were 13,423 young children and 16,398 schoolchildren participants for anthropometry component...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Rachel M Latham, Katharine M Mark, Bonamy R Oliver
Parenting sense of competence (PSOC) is a critical aspect of parental adjustment that may be undermined by children's disruptive behavior. Interparental relationships have been shown to shape how parents react and respond to their children's characteristics, but little is known about the role of parenting teamwork, known as 'coparenting.' We examined mothers' and fathers' perceptions of children's disruptive behavior and the quality of coparenting, as well as their interaction in association with PSOC. Mothers and fathers from 108 'intact' families participating in the Twins, Family, and Behavior (TFaB) Study reported on their children's disruptive behavior, coparenting and PSOC via postal questionnaire (Mchild age = 6 years, SDchild age = 6...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Amira Barrech, Reinhold Kilian, Edit Rottler, Lucia Jerg-Bretzke, Michael Hölzer, Monika Annemarie Rieger, Marc Nicolas Jarczok, Harald Gündel, Eva Rothermund
In previous studies, it was found that patients treated at a psychosomatic outpatient clinic (PSOC) for common mental disorders showed more severe symptoms than those who used a psychotherapeutic consultation service at the workplace (PSIW). This study examines whether the higher symptom severity of the PSOC patients in comparison to their PSIW counterparts is also related to higher levels of occupational stress as measured by the demand-control-support model (DCS). N = 253 participants (PSIW n = 100; PSOC n = 153) provided self-reported data on demands, decision latitude, social support, and health before consultation...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Suzannah Iadarola, Lynne Levato, Bryan Harrison, Tristram Smith, Luc Lecavalier, Cynthia Johnson, Naomi Swiezy, Karen Bearss, Lawrence Scahill
We report on parent outcomes from a randomized clinical trial of parent training (PT) versus psychoeducation (PEP) in 180 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and disruptive behavior. We compare the impact of PT and PEP on parent outcomes: Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Parent Sense of Competence (PSOC), and Caregiver Strain Questionnaire (CGSQ). Mixed-effects linear models evaluated differences at weeks 12 and 24, controlling for baseline scores. Parents in PT reported greater improvement than PEP on the PSOC (ES = 0...
April 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Shelvin Kumar Vadi, Devendra Kumar Chouhan, Arun Kumar Reddy Gorla, Jaya Shukla, Ashwani Sood, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
Primary synovial osteochondromatosis (PSOC) is a rare but clinically significant cause of morbidity especially in the male population. Surgery is the primary treatment of choice, but the recurrence rate is reported to be high. Moreover, the presence of widespread loose bodies makes it a cumbersome procedure. The complete removal of the disease is tough at times and results in early recurrence. Radiosynovectomy is an established technique for treating various joint arthropathies. The role of radiosynovectomy in case of PSOC has not yet been explored...
September 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Melanie Hugill, Ian Fletcher, Katherine Berry
BACKGROUND: Parenting can be a stressful experience particularly for people with mental health problems or people who experienced abuse or attachment difficulties in their own childhoods. This study examined the relationships between earlier trauma, attachment, parenting and schizotypy in a non-clinical sample, with the specific hypothesis that parenting stress and competence would mediate any association between trauma, attachment and schizotypy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four first time parents with a child under 12 months old completed the following questionnaires online: the Experiences of Close Relationships Scale - Short Form (ECR-S), the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief, Revised (SPQ-BR) the Parenting Stress Scale, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) and the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
May 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Craig F Garfield, Young Seok Lee, Hyung Nam Kim, Joshua Rutsohn, Janine Yasmin Kahn, Brian Mustanski, David C Mohr
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether parents of Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) transitioning home with the NICU-2-Home smartphone application have greater parenting self-efficacy, are better prepared for discharge and have shorter length of stay (LOS) than control parents. METHODS: A four-week pilot randomized controlled trial during the transition home with 90 VLBW parents randomized to usual care (n=44) or usual care plus NICU-2-Home (n=46), a smartphone application designed for VLBW parents...
May 2016: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
V Gopalakrishnan, R Baskaran, B Venkatraman
A decision support system (DSS) is implemented in Radiological Safety Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research for providing guidance for emergency decision making in case of an inadvertent nuclear accident. Real time gamma dose rate measurement around the stack is used for estimating the radioactive release rate (source term) by using inverse calculation. Wireless gamma dose logging network is designed, implemented, and installed around the Madras Atomic Power Station reactor stack to continuously acquire the environmental gamma dose rate and the details are presented in the paper...
August 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Eva Rothermund, Harald Gündel, Edit Rottler, Michael Hölzer, Dorothea Mayer, Monika Rieger, Reinhold Kilian
BACKGROUND: This study compares the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic consultation in the workplace (PSIW) with psychotherapeutic outpatient care (PSOC) in Germany. METHODS: Work ability (WAI), quality of life (SF-12), clinical symptoms (PHQ) and work-related stress (MBI, IS) were assessed in 367 patients seeking mental health care via two routes (PSIW n = 174; PSOC n = 193) before consultation and 12 weeks later. Changes in outcome variables were assessed using covariance analysis with repeated measures (ANCOVA) with sociodemographic variables (propensity score method), therapy dose, setting and symptom severity as covariates...
August 26, 2016: BMC Public Health
Daphna G Dollberg, Tamir Rozenfeld, Michael Kupfermincz
OBJECTIVES: To examine the examined the effects of high risk pregnancy and prenatal distress on parental postnatal adaptation. METHODS: A sample of 111 expecting parents, consisting of 32 high risk pregnancy (HRP) mothers and 21 spouses and 36 matched low risk pregnancy (LRP) mothers and 22 spouses completed reports of depression symptoms (BDI) and pregnancy related concerns prenatally. At three months postpartum, parent-infant direct observations and reports of parenting alliance (PAI), stress (PSI-SF), satisfaction and efficacy (PSOC) were gathered...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
J Alejandro Rauh-Hain, Rafael Gonzalez, Amy J Bregar, Joel Clemmer, Abraham Hernández-Blanquisett, Rachel M Clark, John O Schorge, Marcela G Del Carmen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine if outcomes of patients with ovarian carcinosarcoma (OCS) differ from those of women with high-grade papillary serous ovarian carcinoma (HG-PSOC) when compared by stage and treatment modalities. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried to identify patients with OCS and HG-PSOC diagnosed between 2003 and 2011. Demographic and clinical data were compared, and the impact of tumor histology on survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
July 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Allen M Omoto, Cody D Packard
Two studies explored psychological antecedents of volunteerism, including several dispositional constructs and psychological sense of community (PSOC). In Study 1, 140 retirees completed measures of empathy, self-esteem, generativity, and PSOC, as well as involvement in volunteer organizations and weekly volunteering hours at two points in time. PSOC predicted concurrent and future volunteerism even after controlling for the other predictors. In Study 2 (n = 427), PSOC and measures of environmental concern and connectedness were used to predict current environmental volunteerism and activism...
2016: Journal of Social Psychology
Yin-Ping Zhang, Lu-Lu Zhang, Huan-Huan Wei, Yao Zhang, Chun-Li Zhang, Caroline Porr
BACKGROUND: there is growing evidence that fathers also experience post partum depression (PPD). However, paternal PPD has been less studied than maternal PPD. Very few studies have investigated PPD in first-time fathers from northwestern China. OBJECTIVE: the purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence and predictors of depressive symptoms in first-time fathers from northwestern China. METHODS: a longitudinal study was conducted involving 180 couples who were assessed at three time periods: 3 days, 2 weeks and 6 weeks after childbirth...
April 2016: Midwifery
Luzia Travado, Joaquim C Reis, Maggie Watson, Josep Borràs
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a complex health problem requiring multidisciplinary care. There are clinical guidelines available in order to improve the process and outcomes of cancer care within Europe. However, strategic action is still needed in many European Union (EU) Member States to develop or improve national cancer control plans (NCCPs), which play a key role in cancer control and care. The current study clarifies the extent of implementation of psychosocial oncology care (PSOC) in the EU...
April 2017: Psycho-oncology
Eun Kyung Choi, Soo Jin Yoon, Jong-Heun Kim, Hyeon Jin Park, Joo Young Kim, Eun-Seung Yu
OBJECTIVE: This study's objectives were to examine the effects of depression on the distress of caregivers of children with brain tumors and to identify the factors moderating depression and caregiver distress. METHODS: Participants were 82 caregivers of children with brain tumors undergoing treatment in the National Cancer Center of South Korea. The depression subscale of the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and the Burden of a Primary Caregiver (BPC) Scale were used to measure participants' depression and caregiver distress, respectively...
May 2016: Psycho-oncology
V Gopalakrishnan, V Subramanian, R Baskaran, B Venkatraman
Wireless based custom built aerosol sampling network is designed, developed, and implemented for environmental aerosol sampling. These aerosol sampling systems are used in field measurement campaign, in which sodium aerosol dispersion experiments have been conducted as a part of environmental impact studies related to sodium cooled fast reactor. The sampling network contains 40 aerosol sampling units and each contains custom built sampling head and the wireless control networking designed with Programmable System on Chip (PSoC™) and Xbee Pro RF modules...
July 2015: Review of Scientific Instruments
Steven Kay, Quan Ding, Dongyang Li
GOAL: This study aims to develop highly accurate heart rate monitoring from the hand-held contact signal within a noisy environment during exercise. METHODS: The periodic pattern and uncertainties of a physiological signal are modeled by a Laplacian random process. Based on this statistical model, a highly accurate pulse predictor (HAPPEE) is derived and implemented in real-time on a Cypress PSoC 5LP development board. A real-time experiment is designed to compare HAPPEE with a commercial heart rate monitor from POLAR...
August 2015: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Tea Trillingsgaard, Rikke Damkjær Maimburg, Marianne Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Inadequate parenting is an important public health problem with possible severe and long-term consequences related to child development. We have solid theoretical and political arguments in favor of efforts enhancing the quality of the early family environment in the population at large. However, little is known about effect of universal approaches to parenting support during the transition to parenthood. This protocol describes an experimental evaluation of group based parenting support, the Family Startup Program (FSP), currently implemented large scale in Denmark...
April 21, 2015: BMC Public Health
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