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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941417/protective-role-of-liriodendrin-in-mice-with-dextran-sulphate-sodium-induced-ulcerative-colitis
#1
Zhen Zhang, Lei Yang, Botao Wang, Lanqiu Zhang, Qi Zhang, Dihua Li, Shukun Zhang, Hongwei Gao, Ximo Wang
Sargentodoxa cuneata, containing syringaresinol and its glycoside liriodendrin as the main bioactive compounds, is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine for treating intestinal inflammation. In our preliminary study, liriodendrin inhibited NF-kB activation in sepsis-induced acute lung injury. The present study was designed to investigate its effect on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in a mouse model and to explore the possible related mechanisms. Experimental colitis was established by giving mice drinking water containing 3% (w/v) DSS for 7days...
September 20, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938590/ocular-toxicities-associated-with-targeted-anticancer-agents-an-analysis-of-clinical-data-with-management-suggestions
#2
Chen Fu, Dan S Gombos, Jared Lee, Goldy C George, Kenneth Hess, Andrew Whyte, David S Hong
Ocular toxicities are among the most common adverse events resulting from targeted anticancer agents and are becoming increasingly relevant in the management of patients on these agents. The purpose of this study is to provide a framework for management of these challenging toxicities based on objective data from FDA labels and from analysis of the literature. All oncologic drugs approved by the FDA up to March 14, 2015, were screened for inclusion. A total of 16 drugs (12 small-molecule drugs and 4 monoclonal antibodies) were analyzed for ocular toxicity profiles based on evidence of ocular toxicity...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938443/microbiota-dependent-induction-of-colonic-cyp27b1-is-associated-with-colonic-inflammation-implication-of-locally-produced-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d-in-inflammatory-regulation-in-the-colon
#3
Jie Du, Xinzhi Wei, Xin Ge, Yinyin Chen, Yan Chun Li
Our recent studies demonstrated that intestinal epithelial vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling plays a critical role in regulating colonic inflammation by protecting epithelial barrier integrity. Epithelial VDR is down-regulated in colitis, but how mucosal inflammation affects local 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D3) production is unknown. Here we showed that Cyp27b1, a cytochrome P450 enzyme required for 1,25(OH)2D3 biosynthesis, is highly induced in colonic mucosa in inflammatory response. While VDR is reduced in colon biopsies from patients with ulcerative colitis, Cyp27b1 is markedly up-regulated in these samples...
September 18, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937799/can-diet-modulate-helicobacter-pylori-associated-gastric-pathogenesis-an-evidence-based-analysis
#4
Syed Faisal Zaidi, Kanwal Ahmed, Sheikh Abdul Saeed, Usmanghani Khan, Toshiro Sugiyama
Helicobacter pylori is involved in the pathogenesis of gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. The infection is prevalent in more than half of the world's population. Although the infection may lead to detrimental consequences, still the majority of the infected individuals only develop mild gastritis. Several factors are behind this paradoxical outcome including virulence of the infecting H. pylori strains, genetic background of the host, and factors related to lifestyle such as dietary habits. Among these, lifestyle including dietary factors was not in the limelight, until recently, as one of the important factors that could modulate H...
September 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937438/cutaneous-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-innocent-bystander-or-culprit
#5
Solomiya Grushchak, Kelli A Hutchens, Cossette Joy, Anthony Peterson, Jodi Speiser, Kumaran Mudaliar
We present a rare case of cutaneous cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in a nonimmunocompromised patient. A 74-year-old woman with a history of diabetes presented with an ulcer on the right lateral tibia that occurred at the site of a nerve core biopsy. Subsequent biopsy of the ulcer edge showed granulation tissue with neutrophilic inflammation. The patient underwent extensive antibiotic treatment for possible infection with weekly wound care. However, the ulceration persisted and enlarged. A repeat biopsy 1 year later showed superficial and deep mixed inflammation with an associated vasculitis...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937433/a-case-of-phacomatosis-pigmentokeratotica-associated-with-multiple-basal-cell-carcinomas
#6
Seung-Hee Loh, Bark-Lynn Lew, Woo-Young Sim
Phacomatosis pigmentokeratotica is a recently identified disease characterized by the coexistence of an epidermal nevus with sebaceous differentiation arranged along Blaschko lines and a speckled lentiginous nevus showing a checkerboard pattern, mostly in association with various extracutaneous defects. A 52-year-old man presented with asymptomatic ulcerative plaque on his left side of perioral area. A 2 × 2-cm-sized fleshy colored ulceration on his left perioral area was consistent with basal cell carcinoma with nevus sebaceous...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936951/-preliminary-evaluation-of-sequential-therapy-by-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-therapy-following-endotracheal-tube-extubation-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#7
Zhengfang Zhu, Yuhao Liu, Qixing Wang, Sheng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and effect of sequential treatment by the heated humidified high flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) in mechanically ventilated patients following endotracheal tube extubation. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. Forty-nine patients with the sequential treatment after tracheal intubation extraction admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital from January 1st to December 31st 2016 were enrolled...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936830/-registration-of-30-026-cases-of-shenqi-fuzheng-injection-combined-with-other-drugs-in-real-world
#8
Lian-Xin Wang, Yan-Ming Xie, Qing-Hua Ai, Qian Feng
Prospective, multi-center, large-sample and registered design was used to analyze the drug combination features of Shenqi Fuzheng injection in the real world clinical application, and comprehend the drug combination in the real world. A total of 30 026 patients with the use of Shenqi Fuzheng injection were registered, where the chemical drugs were used for 57 436 times (accounting for 82.76%), and the Chinese patent medicines were used for 11 962 times (accounting for 17.24%), mainly including anti-acid drugs and anti-ulcer drugs, nutritional agent, immune enhancement agent, etc...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936801/delayed-gastrocolic-fistula-following-billroth-ii-gastrectomy-for-ulcer-disease
#9
Nikolaus Börner, Dominik Nörenberg, Florian Bösch, Maria Burian, Markus Rentsch, Jan D'Haese, Jens Werner, Tobias S Schiergens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936586/role-of-structured-individual-patient-education-in-the-prevention-of-vascular-complications-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-the-individual-therapeutic-education-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-intend-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Adriana Coppola, Livio Luzi, Tiziana Montalcini, Andrea Giustina, Carmine Gazzaruso
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies showed that a structured patient therapeutic education (PTE) may decrease both mortality and the development of diabetes complications. Nevertheless, no data are available in the literature on the impact of individual PTE on the complications in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients. Aim of the present randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the impact of individual PTE on the occurrence of macrovascular complications in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients when compared to usual care (UC) and group PTE...
September 21, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936434/prevalence-of-diabetic-foot-ulceration-and-associated-risk-factors-an-old-and-still-major-public-health-problem-in-khartoum-sudan
#11
Ahmed O Almobarak, Heitham Awadalla, Mugtaba Osman, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) is a major health problem across the globe. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of DFU and its associated risk factors in Sudanese individuals with diabetes. METHODS: Three hundred and ten individuals with type 2 diabetes, who have been on treatment for DM for at least 1 year and volunteered to participate, were enrolled in this study. Participants were interviewed using standardized pretested questionnaire to record medical history, socio-demographic, life style characteristics and presence of DFU...
September 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936417/the-long-term-impact-of-wheelchair-delivery-on-the-lives-of-people-with-disabilities-in-three-countries-of-the-world
#12
Susan Shore
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to mobility for people with disabilities, particularly in less- resourced settings, continues to be widespread. Despite challenges to wheelchair delivery, the benefits to health, employment, social integration and life satisfaction are apparent. OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have explored the impact of receiving a wheelchair on the lives of the users through cross-sectional or short-term longitudinal analysis. The current study was undertaken to evaluate whether previously reported changes were sustained after 30 months of use, and whether results varied between two differing models of a wheelchair...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936057/unusual-case-of-acute-corneal-hydrops-in-mooren-s-ulcer-treated-with-intracameral-injection-of-perfluoropropane
#13
Manisha Acharya, Abhishek Dave, Umang Mathur
A 15-year-old boy was diagnosed with Mooren's ulcer in the right eye at our cornea clinic. On treatment, he developed acute corneal hydrops, and the vision in the right eye dropped to perception of light. The patient was treated with intracameral injection of perfluoropropane (C3F8) gas which resulted in complete resolution of corneal edema. Contact lens fitting yielded a good visual outcome with a best-corrected visual acuity of 20/80. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only case reporting the occurrence of acute corneal hydrops in a child with Mooren's ulcer...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935474/superselective-embolization-for-arterial-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-using-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate-a-single-center-experience-in-152-patients
#14
Saebeom Hur, Hwan Jun Jae, Hyukjoon Lee, Myungsu Lee, Hyo-Cheol Kim, Jin Wook Chung
PURPOSE: To evaluate 30-day safety and efficacy of superselective embolization for arterial upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) using N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective 10-year study included 152 consecutive patients with UGIB (gastric, n = 74; duodenal, n = 78) who underwent embolization with NBCA for angiographically positive arterial bleeding. The primary endpoint was clinical success rate defined as achievement of hemostasis without rebleeding or UGIB-related mortality within 30 days after embolization...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935445/-usefulness-of-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-in-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#15
Chloé Leandri, Benoit Bordacahar, Sophie Ribiere, Ammar Oudjit, Marie-Anne Guillaumot, Bertrand Brieau, Frédéric Prat, Vered Abitbol, Stanislas Chaussade, Romain Coriat
In France, upper gastrointestinal haemorrhages have an estimated annual incidence of 143 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Classically, two types of digestive hemorrhage are described: acute and chronic digestive hemorrhages. Upper endoscopy is carried out in case of hematemesis or melena. It requires that the patient has been fasting for at least 6hours for solids and 3hours for liquids. The main etiologies of hemorrhagic hemorrhage of the origin are the vascular abnormalities, inflammatory or drug-induced ulcerations, intestinal tumors, Meckel's diverticulum, and Dieulafoy ulcer...
September 18, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935364/urological-surveillance-and-medical-complications-among-ault-spina-bifida-medicare-beneficiaries
#16
Yahir Santiago-Lastra, Anne P Cameron, Julie Lai, Christopher Saigal, J Quentin Clemens
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate urologic follow-up and prevalence of medical complications among adult myelomeningocele (MMC) patients in the United States who are Medicare beneficiaries. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using a 5% Medicare sample from 2007-2010. We defined acceptable minimum follow-up criteria as patients receiving all of the following: serum creatinine, upper urinary tract imaging and a urologist evaluation within a 2-year period. We queried associated diagnoses and relevant complications using ICD-9 codes, graded based on clinical impact...
September 18, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935291/efficacy-and-safety-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-used-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#17
REVIEW
Di Zhao, Shaowei Luo, Wencan Xu, Jun Hu, Shaoda Lin, Nasui Wang
PURPOSE: The efficacy and safety profile of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in patients with diabetic foot ulcer have been controversial in recent years. Our meta-analysis was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of HBOT in patients with diabetic foot ulcer. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Clinical Trials.gov databases for controlled trials. The efficacy end points included the incidence of healed ulcers, major amputations, minor amputations, and reduction in the ulcer wound area...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935001/lack-of-effect-of-murine-astrovirus-infection-on-dextran-sulfate-induced-colitis-in-nlrp3-deficient-mice
#18
Susan R Compton, Carmen J Booth, James D Macy
Murine astrovirus (MuAstV) is a recently identified, widespread infection among laboratory mice. MuAstV is found predominantly in the gastrointestinal tract of mice. Human and turkey astroviruses have been shown to disrupt tight junctions in the intestinal epithelium. The potential of MuAstV to alter research results was tested in a well-established dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis model in Nod-like receptor 3 (NLRP3)-deficient mice. This model offers a direct approach to determine whether MuAstV, as a component of the mouse microbiome, contributes to the issue of poor reproducibility in murine inflammatory bowel disease research...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934859/antibacterial-and-anticancer-activity-of-the-purified-cashew-nut-shell-liquid-implications-in-cancer-chemotherapy-and-wound-healing
#19
Shabeeba M Ashraf, Krishnan Rathinasamy
The cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) from the cashew nut shell of Anacardium occidentale L. has been used to treat skin infections, cracks on soles of feet and cancerous ulcers. In this study, we have purified the technical CNSL, systematically evaluated its anticancer, antibacterial and wound healing activity. The LC-MS data revealed that the purified CNSL contains the compounds, cardanol, anacardic acid and methylcardol. It inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells with an IC50 of 0.004%(v/v) and caused moderate mitotic block with spindle abnormality...
September 21, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934668/diabetes-mellitus-increased-all-cause-mortality-rate-among-newly-diagnosed-tuberculosis-patients-in-an-asian-population-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#20
Po-Yen Ko, Shi-Dou Lin, Ming-Chia Hsieh, Yu-Cheng Chen
AIMS: To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on all-cause mortality among patients with newly-diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) in an Asian population. We also identified risk factors for mortality in these patients. METHODS: The data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database and included 9831 newly-diagnosed TB individuals and 1627 TB mortality cases in the period of 2000-2010. The mortality data were divided into a DM group and a non-DM group...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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