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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298204/immunoglobulin-t-from-sea-bass-dicentrarchus-labrax-l-molecular-characterization-tissue-localization-and-expression-after-nodavirus-infection
#1
Francesco Buonocore, Valentina Stocchi, Noelia Nunez-Ortiz, Elisa Randelli, Marco Gerdol, Alberto Pallavicini, Angelo Facchiano, Chiara Bernini, Laura Guerra, Giuseppe Scapigliati, Simona Picchietti
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulins (Igs) are fundamental components of the adaptive immune system of vertebrates, with the IgT/IgZ isotype specific of Teleosts. In this paper we describe the identification of an IgT heavy chain from the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.), its molecular characterization and tissue mRNA localization by in situ hybridization. RESULTS: Sea bass IgT consists of 552 aa (Accession Number KM410929) and it contains a putative 19 amino acids long signal peptide and one potential N-glycosylation site...
March 15, 2017: BMC Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288707/malt-lymphoma-genetic-abnormalities-immunological-stimulation-and-molecular-mechanism
#2
REVIEW
Ming-Qing Du
Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) occurs at diverse anatomic sites and is closely associated with several distinct chronic inflammatory disorders. Both the acquired genetic abnormalities and active chronic immunological responses play a critical role in the development of MALT lymphoma, interestingly by dysregulating similar molecular mechanisms. The three translocations seen in MALT lymphoma, namely t(14;18)(q32;q21)/IGH-MALT1, t(1;14)(p22;q32)/BCL10-IGH, and t(11;18)(q21;q21)/BIRC3 (API2)-MALT1 are capable of activating both canonical and non-canonical NF-κB pathways...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278699/malt1-sequencing-analyses-in-marginal-zone-b-cell-lymphomas-reveal-mutations-in-the-translocated-malt1-allele-in-an-igh-malt1-positive-malt-lymphoma
#3
Nuray Akyüz, Nadine Albert-Konetzny, Christiane Pott, Evelyne Callet-Bauchu, Carsten Bokemeyer, Eva Maria Murga Penas, Judith Dierlamm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265047/human-immunoglobulin-heavy-gamma-chain-polymorphisms-molecular-confirmation-of-proteomic-assessment
#4
Magalie Dambrun, Célia Dechavanne, Alexandra Emmanuel, Florentin Aussenac, Marjorie Leduc, Chiara Giangrande, Joëlle Vinh, Jean-Michel Dugoujon, Marie-Paule Lefranc, François Guillonneau, Florence Migot-Nabias
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) proteins are known for the huge diversity of the variable domains of their heavy and light chains, aimed at protecting each individual against foreign antigens. The IgG also harbor specific polymorphism concentrated in the CH2 and CH3-CHS constant regions located on the Fc fragment of their heavy chains. But this individual particularity relies only on a few amino acids among which some could make accurate sequence determination a challenge for mass spectrometry-based techniques. The purpose of the study was to bring a molecular validation of proteomic results by the sequencing of encoding DNA fragments...
March 6, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256461/observation-on-frequency-clinico-pathological-significance-of-various-cytogenetic-risk-groups-in-multiple-myeloma-an-experience-from-india
#5
Pratibha S Kadam Amare, Hemani Jain, Shraddha Nikalje, Manju Sengar, Hari Menon, Nitin Inamdar, P G Subramanian, Sumeet Gujral, Tanuja Shet, Sridhar Epari, Reena Nair
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy characterized by cytogenetic heterogeneity. In comparison with conventional karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) can efficiently detect various genetic changes in non-cycling plasma cells in 50-90 per cent of MM cases. The present study was undertaken in MM patients to evaluate the frequency and clinico-pathological significance of various cytogenetic abnormalities in the Indian population. METHODS: Interphase FISH was applied on purified plasma cells of 475 patients with MM using specific probes...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245391/-influence-of-chromosome-abnormality-on-therapeutic-efficacy-and-prognosis-of-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma-treated-with-bortezomib
#6
Chao Sun, Jing Wang, Hong-Feng Guo, Xin Zhou, Yun-Feng Shen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of chromosome abnormality on therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma(MM) treated with bortezomib. METHODS: The clinical data of 152 patients with newly diagnosed MM were collected from January 2008 to December 2011. All patients received bortezo-mib-based chemotherapy and the therapeutic efficacy were investigated for 4 cycles later. The R banding and DNA probe were used to analyze the chromosome and gene (RB1 deletion, D13S319 deletion, P53 deletion, IgH rearrangement and 1q21 amplification) of chromosome specimens...
February 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245386/-diagnostic-significance-of-biomed-2-standardized-gene-rearran-gement-system-in-patients-with-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#7
Yan Zhang, Ning Xu, Bao-Jun Dong, Ge Song, Qing-Hua Li, Gang An, Xiao-Fei Ai
OBJECTIVE: To detect the immunoglobulin(Ig) and T cell receptor(TCR) gene rearrangement in bone marrow of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma(NHL) patients by using BIOMED-2 standardized system, and to explore the potential clinical significance of Ig/TCR gene rearrangement. METHODS: DNA was extracted in bone marrow and Formalin-fixed and Paraffin-embedded(FFPE) samples of NHL patients, the Ig/TCR gene rearrangements were analyzed by using BIOMED-2 multiple primers system and multiplex PCR assay...
February 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212806/clonal-evolution-as-detected-by-interphase-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-is-associated-with-worse-overall-survival-in-a-population-based-analysis-of-patients-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-in-british-columbia-canada
#8
Steven J Huang, Krystal Bergin, Adam C Smith, Alina S Gerrie, Helene Bruyere, Chinmay B Dalal, Daniele K Sugioka, Monica Hrynchak, Khaled M Ramadan, Aly Karsan, Tanya L Gillan, Cynthia L Toze
This study evaluates prognostic markers as predictors of clonal evolution (CE) and assesses the impact of CE on overall survival (OS) in a population-based cohort of 159 consecutive eligible patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) obtained from the British Columbia Provincial CLL Database. CE was detected by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 34/159 patients (21%) with 65% of CE patients acquiring deletion 17p or 11q. CD38 positive status (≥30%) on flow cytometry predicted 2...
January 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203109/a-b-cell-lymphoma-case-that-is-unclassifiable-and-intermediate-between-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-and-burkitt-lymphoma-of-lacrimal-gland
#9
Tatsuya Yunoki, Jun Murakami, Yukihiro Imagawa, Takahiko Nakajima, Atsushi Hayashi
A 60-year-old woman presented with acute eyelid swelling and a subcutaneous hemorrhage in the right eye. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a spherical tumor of the lacrimal gland. The tumor was removed by the Kroenlein method. We diagnosed as a B-cell lymphoma that is unclassifiable, and intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and Burkitt lymphoma (BL) (intermediate DLBCL/BL) based on its immunohistopathological examination and c-MYC/IgH rearrangement. We administered six cycles of dose-adjusted-EPOCH-R (etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and rituximab) therapy, and remission of the lymphoma was obtained...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199309/phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-%C3%AE-blockade-increases-genomic-instability-in-b-cells
#10
Mara Compagno, Qi Wang, Chiara Pighi, Taek-Chin Cheong, Fei-Long Meng, Teresa Poggio, Leng-Siew Yeap, Elif Karaca, Rafael B Blasco, Fernanda Langellotto, Chiara Ambrogio, Claudia Voena, Adrian Wiestner, Siddha N Kasar, Jennifer R Brown, Jing Sun, Catherine J Wu, Monica Gostissa, Frederick W Alt, Roberto Chiarle
Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is a B-cell-specific enzyme that targets immunoglobulin genes to initiate class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation. In addition, through off-target activity, AID has a much broader effect on genomic instability by initiating oncogenic chromosomal translocations and mutations involved in the development and progression of lymphoma. AID expression is tightly regulated in B cells and its overexpression leads to enhanced genomic instability and lymphoma formation...
February 15, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191697/composite-lymphoma-of-peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma-and-hodgkin-lymphoma-mixed-cellularity-type-pathological-and-molecular-analysis
#11
Ayako Ichikawa, Hiroaki Miyoshi, Takuji Yamauchi, Fumiko Arakawa, Riko Kawano, Hiroko Muta, Yasuo Sugita, Koichi Akashi, Koichi Ohshima
Composite lymphomas (CLs) are defined as two unrelated lymphomas occurring at the same time within the same tissue. The incidence of these tumors is low. Of all possible combinations between lymphomas, the least frequent are the ones combining peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). We recently identified five cases of CL composed of PTCL and classical HL, mixed cellularity type. We investigated histological and clinical features of these cases. Immunostaining was performed on paraffin sections...
February 13, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191367/composite-diffuse-large-b-cell-and-mantle-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report
#12
Farhan Mohammad, Gwenalyn Garcia, Shiksha Kedia, Juan Ding, Matthew Hurford, Alexander Bershadskiy
Composite lymphoma is an extremely rare clinical entity and is characterized by the presence of two different subtypes of lymphoma in the same lymph node. We report a case of composite lymphoma in a 57-year-old male presenting with leg and groin pain. The right inguinal lymph node biopsy showed large and small cells. Immunohistochemistry was consistent with large cells staining for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and small cells positive for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of immunoglobulin heavy (IGH) chain and immunoglobulin kappa (IGK) light chain gene rearrangements confirmed that the two were clonally unrelated neoplasms...
January 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188246/cutting-edge-the-transcription-factor-sox2-regulates-aid-expression-in-class-switched-b-cells
#13
Lauren J DiMenna, Wei-Feng Yen, Laura Nicolas, Rahul Sharma, Zara N Saldanha, Jayanta Chaudhuri
IgH class switch recombination (CSR) occurs through the deliberate introduction of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID)-instigated DNA double-strand breaks into the IgH loci. Because double-strand breaks are generally highly toxic, mechanisms that regulate AID expression are of much relevance to CSR and genomic integrity; however, effectors of such regulatory processes are still poorly understood. In this article, we show that the transcription factor sex determining region Y-box 2 (Sox2) is expressed in activated B cells, but almost exclusively in those that have undergone CSR...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186653/progression-of-cutaneous-plasmacytoma-to-plasma-cell-leukemia-in-a-dog
#14
Emily D Rout, Alba Maria M Shank, Angharad H K Waite, Andrea Siegel, Anne C Avery, Paul R Avery
A 5-year-old male neutered Bernese Mountain Dog was presented for cutaneous plasmacytoma, which was treated by surgical excision. Four months later, the dog developed multiple skin masses, hyphema, pericardial and mild bicavitary effusions, myocardial masses, and marked plasmacytosis in the peripheral blood. Circulating plasma cells expressed CD34 and MHC class II by flow cytometry. Immunocytochemistry demonstrated that these cells were strongly positive for multiple myeloma oncogene 1/interferon regulatory factor 4 (MUM-1) and weakly to moderately positive for Pax5...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176781/rad52-competes-with-ku70-ku86-for-binding-to-s-region-dsb-ends-to-modulate-antibody-class-switch-dna-recombination
#15
Hong Zan, Connie Tat, Zhifang Qiu, Julia R Taylor, Justin A Guerrero, Tian Shen, Paolo Casali
Antibody class-switch DNA recombination (CSR) is initiated by AID-introduced DSBs in the switch (S) regions targeted for recombination, as effected by Ku70/Ku86-mediated NHEJ. Ku-deficient B cells, however, undergo (reduced) CSR through an alternative(A)-NHEJ pathway, which introduces microhomologies in S-S junctions. As microhomology-mediated end-joining requires annealing of single-strand DNA ends, we addressed the contribution of single-strand annealing factors HR Rad52 and translesion DNA polymerase θ to CSR...
February 8, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160367/cerebral-amyloidoma-is-characterized-by-b-cell-clonality-and-a-stable-clinical-course
#16
Katharina Heß, Jan Purrucker, Ute Hegenbart, Benjamin Brokinkel, Rouven Berndt, Kathy Keyvani, Camelia M Monoranu, Mario Löhr, Guido Reifenberger, Christopher Munoz-Bendix, Jörg Kalla, Justus Groß, Uta Schick, Jennifer Kollmer, Wolfram Klapper, Christoph Röcken, Martin Hasselblatt, Werner Paulus
Amyloidomas are rare amyloid-containing lesions, which may also occur in the central nervous system. Etiology, pathogenesis and clinical course are poorly understood. To gain more insight into the biology of cerebral amyloidoma, we aimed to characterize its histopathological, molecular and clinical features in a retrospective series of seven patients. FFPE tissue specimens were examined using immunohistochemistry, chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) for light chains kappa and lambda as well as an IgH gene clonality analysis...
February 4, 2017: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159901/53bp1-contributes-to-igh-locus-chromatin-topology-during-class-switch-recombination
#17
Scott Feldman, Robert Wuerffel, Ikbel Achour, Lili Wang, Phillip B Carpenter, Amy L Kenter
In B lymphocytes, Ig class switch recombination (CSR) is induced by activation-induced cytidine deaminase, which initiates a cascade of events leading to DNA double-strand break formation in switch (S) regions. Resolution of DNA double-strand breaks proceeds through formation of S-S synaptic complexes. S-S synapsis is mediated by a chromatin loop that spans the C region domain of the Igh locus. S-S junctions are joined via a nonhomologous end joining DNA repair process. CSR occurs via an intrachromosomal looping out and deletion mechanism that is 53BP1 dependent...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140514/classical-type-and-blastoid-variant-mantle-cell-lymphoma-in-the-same-lymph-node-histology-and-cytological-findings-from-a-touch-imprint-specimen
#18
Shin-Ichi Nakatsuka, Tadasuke Nagatomo, Teruaki Nagano, Takayoshi Goto, Koji Hashimoto
Blastoid variant (BV) is one of the aggressive variants of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). BV-MCL is defined by its blastic cytomorphology. Previous studies using sequential biopsies in cases with MCL have demonstrated that classical type MCL (C-MCL) often transforms or relapses as an aggressive variant, but a histopathological transition from C-MCL to an aggressive MCL variant in the same pathological specimen has been shown in only a limited number of the cases. We present a case of MCL in which a histological transition between C-MCL and BV-MCL was observed in the same lymph node...
April 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133799/human-ig-knockin-mice-to-study-the-development-and-regulation-of-hiv-1-broadly-neutralizing-antibodies
#19
REVIEW
Laurent Verkoczy, Frederick W Alt, Ming Tian
A major challenge for HIV-1 vaccine research is developing a successful immunization approach for inducing broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs). A key shortcoming in meeting this challenge has been the lack of animal models capable of identifying impediments limiting bnAb induction and ranking vaccine strategies for their ability to promote bnAb development. Since 2010, immunoglobulin knockin (KI) technology, involving inserting functional rearranged human variable exons into the mouse IgH and IgL loci has been used to express bnAbs in mice...
January 2017: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132860/mantle-cell-lymphoma-with-a-novel-t-11-12-q13-p11-2-a-proposed-alternative-mechanism-of-ccnd1-upregulation
#20
Joshua R Menke, George Vasmatzis, Stephen Murphy, Lin Yang, David M Menke, Han W Tun, Rebecca L King, Stephanie A Smoley, Rhett P Ketterling, William R Sukov
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is typically characterized by t(11;14) which places the IGH@ enhancer elements upstream of CCND1. This fusion results in upregulation of CCND1 and consequently its protein product cyclin D1. Recent studies have shown that in MCL, mutations or translocations occurring within the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of the CCND1 gene can result in a truncated mRNA transcript that is more stable and associated with more aggressive disease. We identified a case of MCL showing cyclin D1 overexpression by immunohistochemistry and a t(11;12)(q13;p11...
January 26, 2017: Human Pathology
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