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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646226/a-microrna-signature-of-response-to-erlotinib-is-descriptive-of-tgf%C3%AE-behaviour-in-nsclc
#1
Madeline Krentz Gober, James P Collard, Katherine Thompson, Esther P Black
Our previous work identified a 13-gene miRNA signature predictive of response to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor, erlotinib, in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer cell lines. Bioinformatic analysis of the signature showed a functional convergence on TGFβ canonical signalling. We hypothesized that TGFβ signalling controls expression of the miRNA genes comprising an erlotinib response signature in NSCLC. Western analysis revealed that TGFβ signalling via Smad2/3/4 occurred differently between erlotinib-resistant A549 and erlotinib- sensitive PC9 cells...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644137/analyses-of-germline-variants-associated-with-ovarian-cancer-survival-identify-functional-candidates-at-the-1q22-and-19p12-outcome-loci
#2
Dylan M Glubb, Sharon E Johnatty, Michael C J Quinn, Tracy A O'Mara, Jonathan P Tyrer, Bo Gao, Peter A Fasching, Matthias W Beckmann, Diether Lambrechts, Ignace Vergote, Digna R Velez Edwards, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, Javier Benitez, Maria J Garcia, Marc T Goodman, Pamela J Thompson, Thilo Dörk, Matthias Dürst, Francesmary Modungo, Kirsten Moysich, Florian Heitz, Andreas du Bois, Jacobus Pfisterer, Peter Hillemanns, Beth Y Karlan, Jenny Lester, Ellen L Goode, Julie M Cunningham, Stacey J Winham, Melissa C Larson, Bryan M McCauley, Susanne Krüger Kjær, Allan Jensen, Joellen M Schildkraut, Andrew Berchuck, Daniel W Cramer, Kathryn L Terry, Helga B Salvesen, Line Bjorge, Penny M Webb, Peter Grant, Tanja Pejovic, Melissa Moffitt, Claus K Hogdall, Estrid Hogdall, James Paul, Rosalind Glasspool, Marcus Bernardini, Alicia Tone, David Huntsman, Michelle Woo, Aocs Group, Anna deFazio, Catherine J Kennedy, Paul D P Pharoah, Stuart MacGregor, Georgia Chenevix-Trench
We previously identified associations with ovarian cancer outcome at five genetic loci. To identify putatively causal genetic variants and target genes, we prioritized two ovarian outcome loci (1q22 and 19p12) for further study. Bioinformatic and functional genetic analyses indicated that MEF2D and ZNF100 are targets of candidate outcome variants at 1q22 and 19p12, respectively. At 19p12, the chromatin interaction of a putative regulatory element with the ZNF100 promoter region correlated with candidate outcome variants...
June 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642131/mir-217-suppresses-proliferation-and-promotes-apoptosis-in-cardiac-myxoma-by-targeting-interleukin-6
#3
Jing Zhang, Cui Wang, Huimin Xu
Cardiac myxoma (CM) is a prevalent primary cardiac tumor. miR-217 plays a vital role in tumorigenesis of various cancers, however, its role and underlying molecular mechanism in human CM remain poorly understood. Here, we reported that the expression of miR-217 was downregulated in CM tissues and inversely correlated with the expression of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA. Gain-of-function analysis indicated that overexpression of miR-217 inhibited the proliferation and promoted the apoptosis of the primary CM cells...
June 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640257/tumor-suppressive-mir-26a-and-mir-26b-inhibit-cell-aggressiveness-by-regulating-fut4-in-colorectal-cancer
#4
Yang Li, Zheng Sun, Bing Liu, Yujia Shan, Lifen Zhao, Li Jia
Metastasis is a multistep molecular network process, which is the major cause of death in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play pivotal roles in tumorigenesis as either tumor suppressors or oncogenes. Increased expression of fucosyltransferase4 (FUT4) has been reported to be associated with the invasive and metastatic properties of CRC. Here to identify potential key miRNAs and their target genes for colorectal cancer (CRC), we compared miRNA expression profiles between metastatic CRC cell SW620 and primary CRC cell SW480...
June 22, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639908/circular-rnas-play-an-important-role-in-late-stage-gastric-cancer-circular-rna-expression-profiles-and-bioinformatics-analyses
#5
Yantian Fang, Minzhe Ma, Jiangli Wang, Xiaowen Liu, Yanong Wang
Gastric cancer is one of the most common tumors of the digestive system. Here, analysis of the expression profiles of circular RNAs in advanced gastric adenocarcinoma and adjacent normal mucosa tissues revealed differential expression of 306 circular RNAs, among which 273 were predicted to exert regulatory effects on target microRNAs. The downstream pathway networks of circular RNA-microRNA were mapped and the node genes were identified. In particular, we found that the expression of hsa_circ_0058246 was elevated in tumor specimens of patients with poor clinical outcomes...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639887/microrna-138-enhances-trail-induced-apoptosis-through-interferon-stimulated-gene-15-downregulation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#6
Chaohui Zuo, Xinyi Sheng, Zhuo Liu, Min Ma, Shuhan Xiong, Hongyu Deng, Sha Li, Darong Yang, Xiaohong Wang, Hua Xiao, Hu Quan, Man Xia
Hepatocellular carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) is a potential target for cancer therapy. However, many cancer cells are resistant to TRAIL-induced apoptosis and its mechanism is not well understood. In this study, to identify potential therapeutic targets for TRAIL-resistant cancer cells, we compared the expression levels of interferon-stimulated gene 15 in TRAIL-sensitive and TRAIL-resistant hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634226/phostine-pst3-1a-targets-mgat5-and-inhibits-glioblastoma-initiating-cell-invasiveness-and-proliferation
#7
Zahra Hassani, Ali Saleh, Soumaya Turpault, Salim Khiati, Willy Morelle, Jacques Vignon, Jean-Philippe Hugnot, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Philippe Legrand, Marcel Delaforge, Séverine Loiseau, Ludovic Clarion, Marc Lecouvey, Jean-Noël Volle, David Virieux, Jean-Luc Pirat, Hugues Duffau, Norbert Bakalara
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary malignant brain tumor and accounts for a significant proportion of all primary brain tumors. Median survival after treatment is around 15 months. Remodeling of N-glycans by the N-acetylglucosamine glycosyltransferase (MGAT5) regulates tumoral development. Here, perturbation of MGAT5 enzymatic activity by the small-molecule inhibitor 3-Hydroxy-4,5-bis-benzyloxy-6-benzyloxymethyl-2-phenyl2-oxo-2λ5-[1,2]oxaphosphinane (PST3.1a) restrains GBM growth. In cell based assays it is demonstrated that PST3...
June 20, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633205/advancing-the-science-of-myocardial-recovery-with-mechanical-circulatory-support-a-working-group-of-the-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute
#8
EDITORIAL
Stavros G Drakos, Francis D Pagani, Martha S Lundberg, Timothy J Baldwin
The medical burden of heart failure (HF) has spurred interest in clinicians and scientists to develop therapies to restore the function of a failing heart. To advance this agenda, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) convened a Working Group of experts from June 2 to 3, 2016, in Bethesda, Maryland, to develop NHLBI recommendations aimed at advancing the science of cardiac recovery in the setting of mechanical circulatory support (MCS). MCS devices effectively reduce volume and pressure overload that drives the cycle of progressive myocardial dysfunction, thereby triggering structural and functional reverse remodeling...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631187/serine-peptidase-inhibitor-kazal-type-1-spink1-as-novel-downstream-effector-of-the-cadherin-17-%C3%AE-catenin-axis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
Felix H Shek, Ruibang Luo, Brian Y H Lam, Wing Kin Sung, Tak-Wah Lam, John M Luk, Ming Sum Leung, Kin Tak Chan, Hector K Wang, Chung Man Chan, Ronnie T Poon, Nikki P Lee
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer worldwide. Previously, we reported that cadherin-17 (CDH17) and its related CDH17/β-catenin axis may be responsible for inducing HCC in a subset of patients exhibiting CDH17 over-expression. Here we aimed at obtaining a better understanding of the CDH17-related HCC biology and to obtain further indications for the design of targeted therapies in CDH17 over-expressing HCC patients. RESULTS: We found that SPINK1 acts as a downstream effector of the CDH17/β-catenin axis in HCC...
June 19, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629464/mir-629-3p-may-serve-as-a-novel-biomarker-and-potential-therapeutic-target-for-lung-metastases-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#10
Jin Wang, Cailu Song, Hailin Tang, Chao Zhang, Jun Tang, Xing Li, Bo Chen, Xiaoming Xie
BACKGROUND: Different breast cancer subtypes show distinct tropisms for sites of metastasis. Notably, the lung is the most common site for the first distant recurrence in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The identification of novel biomarkers for lung metastasis is of great importance to improving the outcome of TNBC. In this study, we sought to identify a microRNA (miRNA)-based biomarker and therapeutic target for lung metastasis of TNBC. METHODS: A total of 669 patients without de novo stage IV TNBC were recruited for this study...
June 19, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629431/microrna-330-3p-promotes-cell-invasion-and-metastasis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-through-gria3-by-activating-mapk-erk-signaling-pathway
#11
Chun-Hua Wei, Gang Wu, Qian Cai, Xi-Can Gao, Fan Tong, Rui Zhou, Rui-Guang Zhang, Ji-Hua Dong, Yu Hu, Xiao-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND: Brain metastasis (BM) is associated with poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recent studies demonstrated that microRNA-330-3p (miR-330-3p) was involved in NSCLC brain metastasis (BM). However, the exact parts played by miR-330-3p in BM of NSCLC remain unknown. Discovery and development of biomarkers and elucidation of the mechanism underlying BM in NSCLC is critical for effective prophylactic interventions. Here, we evaluated the expression and biological effects of miR-330-3p in NSCLC cells and explored the underlying mechanism of miR-330-3p in promoting cell migration and invasion in NSCLC...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628857/identification-of-b-and-t-cell-epitope-based-peptide-vaccine-from-igf-1-receptor-in-breast-cancer
#12
Manijeh Mahdavi, Violaine Moreau, Majid Kheirollahi
The insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) plays a key role in proliferation, growth, differentiation, and development of several human malignancies including breast and pancreatic adenocarcinoma. IGF-1R targeted immunotherapeutic approaches are particularly attractive, as they may potentially elicit even stronger antitumor responses than traditional targeted approaches. Cancer peptide vaccines can produce immunologic responses against cancer cells by triggering helper T cell (Th) or cytotoxic T cells (CTL) in association with Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class I or II molecules on the cell surface of antigen presenting cells...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627703/overexpression-of-microrna-495-suppresses-the-proliferation-and-invasion-and-induces-the-apoptosis-of-osteosarcoma-cells-by-targeting-high-mobility-group-nucleosome-binding-domain-5
#13
Weibo Jiang, Jia Zheng, Tao Yu, Jincheng Wang
It has been suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) act as critical regulators in tumorigenesis. MicroRNA-495 (miR-495) has been suggested as a cancer-associated miRNA in various types of cancers; however, the role of miR-495 in osteosarcoma is unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine whether miR-495 is involved in osteosarcoma, and to investigate the potential molecular mechanism of its involvement. We found that miR-495 was significantly downregulated in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines, as detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR)...
June 13, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627699/mir-30a-inhibits-glioma-progression-and-stem-cell%C3%A2-like-properties-by-repression-of-wnt5a
#14
Yonghong Zhang, Zhi Wu, Lichao Li, Min Xie
miR-30a has been found to be dysregulated in diverse cancers and involved in the regulation of tumor progression. However, there is scarce research on the role of miR-30a in glioma. In the present study, we assessed the expression level of miR-30a in glioma tissues and cell lines. The microRNA microarray analysis revealed low expression of miR-30a in glioma tissues and cells vs. the control. Furthermore, we found that stable miR-30a inhibited cell proliferation, G1 phase arrest and stem cell-like formation in glioma...
June 16, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627687/microrna%C3%A2-205-acts-as-a-tumor-suppressor-and-directly-targets-yap1-in-glioma
#15
Tao Ji, Xiejun Zhang, Weiping Li
Glioma is the most common form of primary malignant tumor that occurs in the central nervous system. The underlying molecular mechanism of the carcinogenesis and progression of glioma remains to be elucidated. It is well‑established that microRNAs (miRs) are associated with the regulation of glioma initiation and progression, and may represent a novel effective therapeutic strategy for the treatment of glioma. In the present study, the expression, roles and molecular mechanisms of miR‑205 in glioma were investigated...
June 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627677/integrated-analysis-of-the-potential-roles-of-mirna%C3%A2-mrna-networks-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#16
Huiru Zhu, Meiyu Dai, Xiaoli Chen, Xiang Chen, Shini Qin, Shengming Dai
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a type of breast cancer where the tumor cells are negative for the estrogen, progesterone and human epidermal growth factor 2 receptors. To date, expression profiling of microRNA (miRNA/miR) and mRNA sequences have been widely applied for the diagnosis of TNBC. In the present study, an integrated analysis of miRNA‑mRNA profiling arrays was performed. A total of five dysregulated miRNAs in patients with TNBC were identified, including upregulated miR‑558 expression and downregulated miR‑320d‑1, miR‑548v, miR‑99a and miR‑21 expression...
June 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627594/microrna-320-inhibits-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-retinoblastoma-by-targeting-specificity-protein-1
#17
Yuehua Zhao, Shilian Zhang, Yongfeng Zhang
Research into the expression and function of microRNAs (miRNAs/miR) in human cancer has provided novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Aberrant miRNA expression has been reported in retinoblastoma (RB) and several other types of human cancer. The present study demonstrated that miR‑320 is significantly downregulated in RB tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, overexpression of miR‑320 was demonstrated to inhibit proliferation, migration and invasion of RB cells...
June 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627476/deciphering-the-protein-protein-interaction-network-regulating-hepatocellular-carcinoma-metastasis
#18
Guoxuan Qin, Mengjiao Dang, Huajun Gao, Hao Wang, Fengting Luo, Ruibing Chen
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of mortality related to cancer all over the world. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of HCC metastasis, we analyzed the proteome of three HCC cell lines with different metastasis potentials by quantitative proteomics and bioinformatics analysis. As a result, we identified 378 cellular proteins potentially associated to HCC metastasis, and constructed a highly connected protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Functional annotation of the network uncovered prominent pathways and key roles of these proteins, suggesting that the metabolism and cytoskeleton biological processes are greatly involved with HCC metastasis...
June 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624202/2l-pirna-a-two-layer-ensemble-classifier-for-identifying-piwi-interacting-rnas-and-their-function
#19
Bin Liu, Fan Yang, Kuo-Chen Chou
Involved with important cellular or gene functions and implicated with many kinds of cancers, piRNAs, or piwi-interacting RNAs, are of small non-coding RNA with around 19-33 nt in length. Given a small non-coding RNA molecule, can we predict whether it is of piRNA according to its sequence information alone? Furthermore, there are two types of piRNA: one has the function of instructing target mRNA deadenylation, and the other does not. Can we discriminate one from the other? With the avalanche of RNA sequences emerging in the postgenomic age, it is urgent to address the two problems for both basic research and drug development...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623290/tcrp1-transcriptionally-regulated-by-c-myc-confers-cancer-chemoresistance-in-tongue-and-lung-cancer
#20
Xiaoting Jia, Zhijie Zhang, Kai Luo, Guopei Zheng, Minying Lu, Ying Song, Hao Liu, Huisi Qiu, Zhimin He
Previously, we cloned a new gene termed 'tongue cancer resistance-associated protein 1' (TCRP1), which modulates tumorigenesis, enhances cisplatin (cDDP) resistance in cancers, and may be a potential target for reversing drug resistance. However, the mechanisms for regulating TCRP1 expression remain unclear. Herein, we combined bioinformatics analysis with luciferase reporter assay and ChIP assay to determine that c-Myc could directly bind to TCRP1 promoter to upregulate its expression. TCRP1 upregulation in multidrug resistant tongue cancer cells (Tca8113/PYM) and cisplatin-resistant A549 lung cancer cells (A549/DDP) was accompanied by c-Myc upregulation, compared to respective parental cells...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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