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Substance and trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520660/childhood-trauma-and-lifetime-traumatic-brain-injury-among-individuals-who-are-homeless
#1
Michael Jae Song, Mohammadali Nikoo, Fiona Choi, Christian G Schütz, Kerry Jang, Reinhard Michael Krausz
OBJECTIVES: To study the association of childhood trauma and lifetime prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals who are homeless. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Three cities in British Columbia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred individuals who are homeless and 19 years of age or older in 2009. MEASUREMENTS: Traumatic brain injury was identified with National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (NSHAPC) and childhood trauma using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516838/acute-alcohol-use-history-of-homelessness-and-intent-of-injury-among-a-sample-of-adult-emergency-department-patients
#2
Katelyn K Jetelina, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, Carlos V R Brown, Michael L Foreman, Craig Field
BACKGROUND: The literature is clear that adults who are currently homeless also have higher rates of intentional injuries, such as assault and suicide attempts. No study has assessed whether intentional injuries are exacerbated because of substance use among adults with a history of homelessness. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cohort of adults admitted to 3 urban emergency departments (EDs) in Texas from 2007 to 2010 (N = 596). Logistic regression analyses were used to determine whether a history of homelessness was associated with alcohol use at time of injury in intentional violent injuries (gunshot, stabbing, or injury consistent with assault)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511631/reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-in-pediatrics-a-case-series-and-review
#3
Samantha W Coffino, Robert H Fryer
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is a transient vasculopathy associated with severe headaches and stroke. In most cases of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, there is a precipitating event or trigger, such as pregnancy, serotonin agonist treatment or illicit drug use. The authors present 2 pediatric cases of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome and review the previous 11 pediatric cases in the literature. In many instances, the clinical and radiographic features are similar in both pediatric and adult cases...
June 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508675/serious-mental-illness-among-young-adult-women-who-use-drugs-in-the-club-scene-co-occurring-biopsychosocial-factors
#4
Maayan Lawental, Hilary L Surratt, Mance E Buttram, Steven P Kurtz
Young women who regularly attend nightclubs are at risk for numerous health and social consequences, including mental distress, sexual and physical victimization and substance dependence. This paper uses a biopsychosocial framework to examine co-occurring mental health problems, victimization, substance dependence, sexual risk and physical pain among a sample of young women who use drugs (N = 222) in Miami's club scene. The majority of women were under 24 years old, Hispanic, and identified as heterosexual...
May 16, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493732/psychological-flexibility-mitigates-effects-of-ptsd-symptoms-and-negative-urgency-on-aggressive-behavior-in-trauma-exposed-veterans
#5
Sunny J Dutra, Naomi Sadeh
Recent literature suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can interact with personality factors to predict externalizing behaviors. Engagement in externalizing behaviors such as substance abuse and aggressive behavior may, in turn, increase risk for further trauma exposure and a more chronic course of PTSD. In order to better understand how to intervene on this cycle, the current study aimed to identify factors that could explain risk for externalizing behaviors among trauma-exposed veterans...
May 11, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488881/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-methadone-maintenance-a-feasibility-trial
#6
Sarah Bowen, Vanessa C Somohano, Rachel E Rutkie, Jacob A Manuel, Kristoffer L Rehder
OBJECTIVES: As rates of opiate misuse rise in the United States, so do significant associated health and financial consequences to afflicted individuals, their families, and society at large. Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is one evidence-based approach to treating opiate addiction, yet supplemental psychosocial treatment to support this approach is lacking. Mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) has shown to be efficacious in various substance use populations, but has yet to be assessed with MMT clients...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481562/strategies-for-coping-with-individual-ptsd-symptoms-experiences-of-african-american-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#7
Tami P Sullivan, Nicole H Weiss, Carolina Price, Nicole Pugh, Nathan B Hansen
OBJECTIVE: Understanding how populations at particular risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its deleterious outcomes cope with individual PTSD symptoms is critical to developing interventions that promote resilience, support recovery, and ultimately empower traumatized populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify specific strategies women use to cope with individual PTSD symptoms among a population at particular risk for experiencing trauma and its negative sequelae-African American victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) who use substances...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472931/relationship-between-interpersonal-trauma-exposure-and-addictive-behaviors-a-systematic-review
#8
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, Lewis Horwood, Linda Slater, Maria C Tan, David C Hodgins, T Cameron Wild
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to systematically summarize knowledge on the association between exposure to interpersonal trauma and addictive behaviors. Extant reviews on this association focused on a restricted range of substance-related addictions, and/or used a narrative instead of a systematic approach. METHODS: Systematic searches of 8 databases yielded 29,841 studies, of which 3054 studies were included and subsequently classified in relation to study design (scoping review)...
May 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464830/quality-of-life-improvement-in-latinas-receiving-combined-substance-use-disorders-and-trauma-specific-treatment-a-cohort-evaluation-report
#9
Miguel A Cruz-Feliciano, Christine Miranda-Díaz, Diana M Fernández-Santos, Darice Orobitg-Brenes, Robert F Hunter-Mellado, Ibis S Carrión-González
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the benefits of integrating behavioral health and trauma services for Latinas with a history drug use. Changes in quality of life (QOL) domains were documented after participation in a manualized intervention in a cohort of Latinas. METHODS: Participants were part of a prospective cohort study of 136 Latinas with co-occurring disorders (COD) who may have experienced trauma and receiving services in our outpatient treatment facility in Bayamón, Puerto Rico...
May 2, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464299/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-the-managing-youth-trauma-effectively-program-for-substance-abusing-women-and-their-children
#10
Karin L Vanderzee, Sufna G John, Nicola Edge, Joy R Pemberton, Teresa L Kramer
This article provides a description of the development, implementation, and preliminary evaluation of feasibility and acceptability of the Managing Youth Trauma Effectively (MYTE) program and highlights perceptions of changes in mothers' trauma-informed parenting practices. The program consists of a training and consultation program for staff of the U.S. State of Arkansas' Specialized Women's Programs (SWS), and an 8-week, group psychoeducational program designed to help mothers with substance-abuse problems learn how traumatic experiences may affect their children and how they may help support their children by creating a safe and nurturing environment...
May 2, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463238/childhood-life-events-immune-activation-and-the-development-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-the-trails-study
#11
I Jonker, J G M Rosmalen, R A Schoevers
The experience of childhood life events is associated with higher vulnerability to develop psychiatric disorders. One of the pathways suggested to lead to this vulnerability is activation of the immune system. The aim of this study is to find out whether the association between childhood life events and the development of mood and anxiety disorders is predicted by the activation of the immune system. This study was performed in TRAILS, a large prospective population cohort, from which a subgroup was selected (N=1084, 54...
May 2, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456453/gender-differences-in-factors-associated-with-unsheltered-status-and-increased-risk-of-premature-mortality-among-individuals-experiencing-homelessness
#12
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Dorota Szymkowiak, Dennis Culhane
BACKGROUND: Among individuals experiencing homelessness, unsheltered status is associated with poor health and access to care and an increased risk for premature death. Insufficient research has explored gender differences in these outcomes; the objective of this study was to address this gap in the research. METHODS: This study used survey data collected during the 100,000 Homes Campaign. Chi-square tests identified differences in the characteristics of women, men, and transgender individuals...
April 26, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456010/substance-use-and-suicide-risk-in-a-sample-of-young-colombian-adults-an-exploration-of-psychosocial-factors
#13
Angela J Pereira-Morales, Ana Adan, Andrés Camargo, Diego A Forero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Young adults might engage in many risk behaviors, including alcohol and drug use, which could lead to mental health problems, such as suicide. The aim of this study was to examine specific psychosocial and clinical factors that could influence the possible relationship between polysubstance use (PSU) and suicide risk in a sample of young Colombian participants. METHODS: A sample of 274 young participants (mean age = 21.3 years) was evaluated with two substance use screening tests (ASSIST and AUDIT) and five scales for clinical and psychosocial factors and suicide risk: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, Zung Self-Rating Anxiety scale, Family APGAR, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the Plutchik Suicide Risk scale...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445806/patient-engagement-at-the-margins-health-care-providers-assessments-of-engagement-and-the-structural-determinants-of-health-in-the-safety-net
#14
Mark D Fleming, Janet K Shim, Irene H Yen, Ariana Thompson-Lastad, Sara Rubin, Meredith Van Natta, Nancy J Burke
Increasing "patient engagement" has become a priority for health care organizations and policy-makers seeking to reduce cost and improve the quality of care. While concepts of patient engagement have proliferated rapidly across health care settings, little is known about how health care providers make use of these concepts in clinical practice. This paper uses 20 months of ethnographic and interview research carried out from 2015 to 2016 to explore how health care providers working at two public, urban, safety-net hospitals in the United States define, discuss, and assess patient engagement...
April 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444453/bizarre-soft-tissue-tumour-on-the-gluteus-muscle-a-case-report-of-spontaneous-chronic-expanding-haematoma
#15
Yasuaki Tohma, Yoshio Mii, Yasuhito Tanaka
Chronic expanding haematoma (CEH) is rare and refers to a gradually increasing haematoma that is not absorbed after surgery and trauma. This report highlights unusual mass occurring on the gluteus muscle, and the aim is to indicate the diagnostic method. It is necessary to consider the mechanism of the occurrence and to know the characters of CEH. The patient was a 51-year-old man who had noticed a soft mass on his right hip. The mass had gradually increased to 10 cm in size over the year. CT images revealed a haematoma...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439762/sex-differences-in-obesity-and-mental-health
#16
REVIEW
Jena Shaw Tronieri, Courtney McCuen Wurst, Rebecca L Pearl, Kelly C Allison
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purposes of this study were to examine the relationships between obesity and a wide range of mental health issues and to identify where sex differences exist and may vary across disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Research on sex differences in the relationship between obesity and psychiatric disorders is more abundant in some areas, such as depression and eating disorders, than others, such as anxiety, trauma, and substance use. However, for most of the disorders, their relationships with obesity and sex are complex and are usually moderated by additional variables...
June 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432938/the-role-of-distress-intolerance-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-problematic-alcohol-use-among-latin-american-msm
#17
Katie Wang, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Katie B Biello, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Joshua G Rosenberger, David S Novak, Matthew J Mimiaga
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and its well-documented association with substance use in adulthood, little research has examined the psychological mechanisms underlying this association. The current study utilized a large, multinational sample of MSM in Latin America to examine the role of distress intolerance (i.e., decreased capacity to withstand negative psychological states) in the relationship between childhood sexual abuse history and problematic alcohol use...
April 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426560/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-an-east-multicenter-trial
#18
Tanya L Zakrison, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Marie Crandall, Jessica George, Brian H Williams
BACKGROUND: A single center trial recently demonstrated a prevalence of 14% of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) amongst both male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism of injury. We aimed to determine if this phenomenon was similar to rates in other trauma centers by assessing the feasibility of universal screening, and determining the prevalence and association of IPSV with other trauma-associated comorbidities. METHODS: We designed an EAST- supported multicenter, prospective observational cohort study involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426546/methamphetamine-use-and-dependence-in-vulnerable-female-populations
#19
Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon, Soontaree Srikosai, Apisak Wittayanookulluk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study reviews recent publications on methamphetamine use and dependence women in term of their epidemic, physical health impact, psychosocial impacts, and also in the identified vulnerable issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies of vulnerable populations of women are wide ranging and include sex workers, sexual minorities, homeless, psychiatric patients, suburban women, and pregnant women, in which amphetamine type stimulants (ATSs) are the most commonly reported illicit drug used among them...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406661/lifetime-history-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-incarcerated-women-in-israel
#20
Gila Chen, Keren Gueta
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that rates of death by suicide are higher among female inmates compared with male inmates and the general population. Despite the high rate of lifetime suicidality, little is known about the predictors of suicidality for these women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to examine sociodemographic, criminological, and psychological variables associated with a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among incarcerated women. METHOD: This cross-sectional study investigated a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a sample of 46 Israeli incarcerated women...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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