Read by QxMD icon Read

Substance and trauma

Matt Luther, Fergus Gardiner, Shane Lenson, David Caldicott, Ryan Harris, Ryan Sabet, Mark Malloy, Jo Perkins
Specific Event Identifiers a. Event type: Outdoor music festival. b. Event onset date: December 3, 2016. c. Location of event: Regatta Point, Commonwealth Park. d. Geographical coordinates: Canberra, Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia (-35.289002, 149.131957, 600m). e. Dates and times of observation in latitude, longitude, and elevation: December 3, 2016, 11:00-23:00. f. Response type: Event medical support. Abstract Introduction Young adult patrons are vulnerable to risk-taking behavior, including drug taking, at outdoor music festivals...
March 21, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Derek C Chang, Launette Rieb, Ekaterina Nosova, Yang Liu, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
BACKGROUND: Street-involved youth who use illicit drugs are at high risk for health-related harms; however, the profile of youth at greatest risk of hospitalization has not been well described. We sought to characterize hospitalization among street-involved youth who use illicit drugs and identify the most frequent medical reasons for hospitalization among this population. METHODS: From January 2005 to May 2016, data were collected from the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), a prospective cohort study of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada...
March 20, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
Marc L Martel, Lauren R Klein, Andrew J Lichtenheld, Allan M Kerandi, Brian E Driver, Jon B Cole
BACKGROUND: Altered mental status is a commonly evaluated problem in the ED. Ethanol intoxication is common, and prehospital history may bias emergency physicians to suspect this as the cause of altered mental status. Quantitative ethanol measurement can rapidly confirm the diagnosis, or if negative, prompt further evaluation. Our objective was to identify the etiologies of altered mental status in ED patients initially presumed to be intoxicated with ethanol but found to have negative quantitative ethanol levels...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Natalie Thomas, Melissa Bull
Contemporary research in the drugs field has demonstrated a number of gender differences in patterns and experiences of substance use, and the design and provision of gender-responsive interventions has been identified as an important policy issue. Consequently, whether and how domestic drug policies attend to women and gender issues is an important question for investigation. This article presents a policy audit and critical analysis of Australian national and state and territory policy documents. It identifies and discusses two key styles of problematisation of women's drug use in policy: 1) drug use and its effect on women's reproductive role (including a focus on pregnant women and women who are mothers), and 2) drug use and its relationship to women's vulnerability to harm (including violent and sexual victimisation, trauma, and mental health issues)...
March 13, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Newell Fischer
An eighty-year-old man reports a recurrent nightmare involving a gummy substance being stuffed into his mouth and, despite his anxiety-driven efforts, being unable to remove it. A narrative of his neonatal years is developed and it is speculated that this nightmare is a rekindling of his very distressful breast feeding experience-an experience memorialized in his earliest pre-representational memory. Rich clinical reports of preverbal infant trauma help elucidate the earliest infant-mother dyad.
February 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Pamela J Taylor, Natasha Kalebic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The contribution of people with psychosis to homicide statistics is small, but there is a statistically significantly higher rate of homicide among them than in the general population. Legal authorities and the wider public call for more information. Our aim was a narrative synthesis of empirical literature generated by systematic searches for the five complete years 2013-2017. RECENT FINDINGS: One article showed that people with psychosis are five times more likely to be homicide victims than those without, but focus remains on perpetrators...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Bao-Ping Xu, Min Yao, Xiao-Tao Wang, Long Yang, Zi-Rui Tian, Yan-Fang Pan, Xue-Jun Cui
Spinal cord injury is a serious trauma of the spinal and nervous system, local tissue destruction and microcirculation disturbance can lead to a more serious spinal cord injury and extensive necrosis of neurons. Spinal cord injury often accompany with Inflammation reaction producing a variety of cytokines and bioactive substances, result in macrophage polarization. M1 macrophages polarization are induced by IFN-γ, LPS, TNF-α and so on, it show the damage and proinflammatory effect. M2 macrophages polarization are caused by IL-4, IL-10, IL-13 and show the recovery and anti-inflammatory effect...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
W Veling, I E C Sommer, R Bruggeman, L de Haan
Personalised medicine (pm) means treatment that specifically targets the needs of individual patients on the basis of genetic, biomarker, phenotypic or psychosocial characteristics.<br/> AIM: To update our knowledge about the current use of pm in the treatment of psychotic disorders.<br/> METHOD: Review of the literature on pm for psychoses.<br/> RESULTS: At the moment, genetic and other biological characteristics cannot be used for the diagnosis and treatment of psychotic disorders because they are not sensitive enough and their specificity is too low...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Dominik A Moser, Gaelle E Doucet, Won Hee Lee, Alexander Rasgon, Hannah Krinsky, Evan Leibu, Alex Ing, Gunter Schumann, Natalie Rasgon, Sophia Frangou
Importance: Alterations in multiple neuroimaging phenotypes have been reported in psychotic disorders. However, neuroimaging measures can be influenced by factors that are not directly related to psychosis and may confound the interpretation of case-control differences. Therefore, a detailed characterization of the contribution of these factors to neuroimaging phenotypes in psychosis is warranted. Objective: To quantify the association between neuroimaging measures and behavioral, health, and demographic variables in psychosis using an integrated multivariate approach...
March 7, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Stephen C Gale, JoAnn Peters, Jason S Murry, Jessica S Crystal, Viktor Y Dombrovskiy
Background: Late middle age (LMA), is a watershed between youth and old age, with unique physical and social changes and declines in vitality, but a desire to remain active despite increasing comorbidity. While post-injury outcomes in the elderly are well studied, little is known regarding LMA patients. We analyzed the injured LMA population admitted to a rural, regional Level 1 Trauma Center relative to outcomes for both younger and older patients. Materials and methods: Our registry was queried retrospectively for patients admitted 7/2008- 12/2015; they were divided into three cohorts: 18-54, 55-65, and >65 years...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Temilola Salami, Mollie Gordon, John Coverdale, Phuong T Nguyen
Human trafficking is a major public health concern that brings about deleterious psychological consequences and sequelae. Although a number of risk and protective factors for the health consequences of human trafficking victims have been identified, there is a dearth of information in the area of treatment. Specifically, we found no articles comparing the different components of prevailing trauma treatment strategies, and the potential usefulness of these strategies in the treatment of human trafficking victims...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Cynthia R Pearson, Lucy Smartlowit-Briggs, Annie Belcourt, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Debra Kaysen
OBJECTIVES: To describe our partnership and research infrastructure development strategies and discuss steps in developing a culturally grounded framework to obtain data and identify a trauma-informed evidence-based intervention. METHOD: We present funding strategies that develop and maintain the partnership and tools that guided research development. We share how a community research committee was formed and the steps taken to clarify the health concern and develop a culturally tailored framework...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Diane M Santa Maria, Sarah C Narendorf, Matthew B Cross
Substance use is higher among homeless youth than among the general population. Although substance use has been well studied, little is known about the risk factors associated with specific substances used by homeless youth, particularly in the Houston, Texas, area. Therefore, we conducted this study to examine the rates of lifetime and past-month substance use in a sample of homeless youth in Harris County, Texas, and examine the relations between substance type and race/ethnicity, age, gender identity, sexual orientation, shelter status, stress, and trauma history...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Olav B Nielssen, William Stone, Naidene M Jones, Sarah Challis, Amelia Nielssen, Gordon Elliott, Nicholas Burns, Astrid Rogoz, Lucy E Cooper, Matthew M Large
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of people attending mental health clinics at shelters for the homeless in inner city Sydney. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records of homeless hostel clinic attenders. SETTING: Mental health clinics located in three inner city homeless hostels. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive series of clinic attenders, 21 July 2008 - 31 December 2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic characteristics; social, medical and mental health histories of homeless people...
March 5, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Alexandra R Hershberger, Jasmyn Sanders, Crisanna Chick, Megan Jessup, Hugh Hanlin, Melissa A Cyders
Youth that are victims of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) have a host of clinical problems and often run away from home, residential care, and treatment, which complicates and limits treatment effectiveness. No research to date has attempted to predict running away in CSEC victims. The present study aimed to 1) characterize a clinically referred sample of girls who were victims of CSEC and compare them to other high-risk girls (i.e., girls who also have a history of trauma and running away, but deny CSEC); and 2) examine the utility of using the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) to predict future running away...
February 24, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Xavier Pellicer Asensio, Adela Fusté Escolano, José Ruiz Rodríguez
The aim of the study was to administer the Barber suggestibility scale to a clinical population in Spain and to examine its psychometric properties therein. The reliability and factor structure of the adapted scale was compared with that of the original (American) scale and with data from two other versions (British and Puerto Rican samples). Sex differences in suggestibility were also analyzed. The Barber suggestibility scale was administered (without preliminaries) to a sample of 283 patients (130 women, 153 men) with a range of diagnoses: anxiety disorder (33...
April 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Bonnie M Vest, Rachel A Hoopsick, D Lynn Homish, Rachel C Daws, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: The goal of this work was to examine associations among childhood trauma, combat trauma and substance use (alcohol problems, frequent heavy drinking (FHD), current cigarette smoking, and current/lifetime drug use) and the interaction effects of childhood trauma and combat exposure on those associations among National Guard/Reserve soldiers. METHODS: Participants (n = 248) completed an electronic survey asking questions about their military experiences, physical and mental health, and substance use...
February 27, 2018: Substance Abuse
Elizabeth A Evans, Dawn L Glover, Donna L Washington, Alison B Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Women Veterans who use the Veterans Health Administration (VA) have high rates of substance abuse and poorer health than non-Veteran women. Less is known about the psychosocial needs of women Veterans who seek care in non-VA settings. OBJECTIVES: We provide a grounded description of factors that impact substance abuse, mental health, and related quality of life of women Veterans who use non-VA community-based health and social services. METHODS: Utilizing a mixed methods design, we conducted semi-structured in-person interviews with 22 women Veterans in Los Angeles in 2013-2015...
February 27, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Jeffrey R Brubacher, Herbert Chan, Shannon Erdelyi, Mark Asbridge, Robert E Mann, Roy A Purssell, Robert Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Most countries have laws against driving while impaired by drugs. However, in many countries, including Canada and the United States, police must have individualized suspicion that the driver has recently used an impairing substance before they can gather the evidence required for laying a criminal charge. This report studies police documentation of drug involvement among drivers who had a motor-vehicle crash after using an impairing substance. METHODS: We obtained blood samples and police reports on injured drivers treated in participating British Columbia trauma centres following a crash...
February 23, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Stella M Resko, Sarah Kruman Mountain, Suzanne Browne, David C Kondrat, Michael Kral
Substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder have been associated with suicide. Through secondary analysis of the screening data from the Women and Trauma Study conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network, the present study examined rates and correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among women who sought treatment for substance use and trauma at seven outpatient substance use programs. The sample included women between the ages of 18 and 65 years (M = 39...
February 21, 2018: Health & Social Work
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"