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Mir 375

Zoraida Andreu, Renan Otta Oshiro, Alberto Redruello, Soraya López-Martín, Cristina Gutiérrez-Vázquez, Esperanza Morato, Ana Isabel Marina, Carlos Olivier Gómez, María Yáñez-Mó
Bladder cancer is the second most frequent malignancy of the urinary tract after prostate cancer. Current diagnostic techniques, such as cystoscopy and biopsies are highly invasive and accompanied of undesirable side effects. Moreover, there are no suitable biomarkers for relapse or progression prognosis. We analysed whether the specific composition of microRNAs (miRNAs) and proteins of extracellular vesicles (EVs) that urothelial tumor cells of bladder mucosa release into the urine, could reflect their pathologic condition...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Tatjana Harting, Mandy Stubbendorff, Saskia Willenbrock, Siegfried Wagner, Patrik Schadzek, Anaclet Ngezahayo, Hugo Murua Escobar, Ingo Nolte
The Warburg effect describes the ability of cancer cells to produce energy via aerobic glycolysis instead of oxidative phosphorylation of pyruvate. This deviation in mitochondrial metabolism inhibits apoptosis, allowing increased proliferation under conditions of reduced oxygen levels. Dichloroacetate (DCA) was successfully used in several human cancer cell lines to reactivate oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. The aim of this study was the characterization and response of canine cancer cell lines after DCA exposure...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Maryam Kaviani, Negar Azarpira, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, Ismail Al-Abdullah
Cell-based therapies suggest novel treatments to overcome the complication of the current therapeutic approaches in diabetes mellitus type 1. Replacement of the destroyed pancreatic islet β-cells by appropriate alternative cells needs an efficient approach to differentiate the cells into viable and functional insulin producing cells. Small non-coding RNA molecules, MicroRNAs (miRNA), have critical roles in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Therefore, they can direct the cells toward β-cell like cells and control islet β-cell development...
October 15, 2016: Cell Biology International
Amani M Harrandah, Sarah G Fitzpatrick, Molly H Smith, Dunrui Wang, Donald M Cohen, Edward K L Chan
OBJECTIVE: Malignant transformation of oral premalignant lesions is the key process in the progression to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Previously, we identified miR-7 and miR-21 as candidate oncogenes and miR-375 and miR-494 as candidate tumor suppressors in OSCC. We aim to evaluate these microRNAs as biomarkers of malignant transformation in oral premalignant lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples from progressive premalignant lesions and paired sequential OSCC tumors at the same site were obtained from same patients (n = 31)...
August 6, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
R Roat, M M Hossain, J Christopherson, C Free, S Jain, C Guay, R Regazzi, Z Guo
Currently there is no effective approach for monitoring early β cell loss during islet graft rejection following human islet transplantation (HIT). Due to ethical and technical constraints, it is difficult to directly study biomarkers of islet destruction in humans. Here, we established a humanized mouse model with induced human β cell death using adoptive lymphocyte transfer (ALT). Human islet grafts of ALT-treated mice had peri-graft lymphocyte infiltration, fewer insulin(+) β cells, and increased β cell apoptosis...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Sen Lian, Jung Sun Park, Yong Xia, Thi Thinh Nguyen, Young Eun Joo, Kyung Keun Kim, Hark Kyun Kim, Young Do Jung
Emerging evidence supports a fundamental role for microRNAs (miRNA) in regulating cancer metastasis. Recently, microRNA-375 (miR-375) was reported to be downregulated in many types of cancers, including gastric cancer. Increase in the expression of Recepteur d'Origine Nantais (RON), a receptor tyrosine kinase, has been reported in tumors. However, the function of miR-375 and RON expression in gastric cancer metastasis has not been sufficiently studied. In silico analysis identified miR-375 binding sites in the 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTR) of the RON-encoding gene...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ajay Kumar Dixit, Anne E Sarver, Zuobiao Yuan, John George, Usman Barlass, Hassam Cheema, Archana Sareen, Sulagna Banerjee, Vikas Dudeja, Rajinder K Dawra, Subbaya Subramanian, Ashok K Saluja
In the current study, we have characterized the global miRNA expression profile in mouse pancreatic acinar cells and during acute pancreatitis using next-generation RNA-Sequencing. We identified 324 known and 6 novel miRNAs being expressed in mouse pancreatic acinar cells. At basal state, miR-148a-3p, miR-375-3p, miR-217-5p, miR-200a-3p were among the most abundantly expressed whereas, miR-24-5p and miR-421-3p were least abundant. Treatment of acinar cells with caerulein (100 nM) and taurolithocholic acid 3-sulfate [TLC-S (250 μM)] induced numerous changes in miRNA expression profile...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Pengfei Xu, Yingjie Zhang, Liying Song, Mir Hassan Khoso, Junyan Li, Xinghao Jiang, Jinjiao He, Jian Li, Xiaohui Ma, Guiping Ren, Deshan Li
The aim of this study is to explore a new method-high dose starting and low dose maintaining for PEGylated Fibroblast growth factor 21 (pFGF-21) treatment. Db/db mice were initially treated with pFGF-21 of high dose, then treated with pFGF-21 of low doses. The mice were treated with pFGF-21 at initial dose of 1.0mg/kg for 14days, then treated with pFGF-21 at maintenance doses of 0.125/0.250/0.375/0.500mg/kg for 30days. The hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of pFGF-21 of different maintenance doses were compared...
September 16, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Nicholas H Farina, Areg Zingiryan, Jacqueline A Akech, Cody J Callahan, Huimin Lu, Janet L Stein, Lucia R Languino, Gary S Stein, Jane B Lian
While decades of research have identified molecular pathways inducing and promoting stages of prostate cancer malignancy, studies addressing dynamic changes of cancer-related regulatory factors in a prostate tumor progression model are limited. Using the TRAMP mouse model of human prostate cancer, we address mechanisms of deregulation for the cancer-associated transcription factors, Runx1 and Runx2 by identifying microRNAs with reciprocal expression changes at six time points during 33 weeks of tumorigenesis...
September 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Aaron Smith, John Calley, Sachin Mathur, Hui-Rong Qian, Han Wu, Mark Farmen, Florian Caiment, Pierre R Bushel, Jianying Li, Craig Fisher, Patrick Kirby, Erik Koenig, David G Hall, David E Watson
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNA) are ~19-25 nucleotide long RNA molecules that fine tune gene expression through the inhibition of translation or degradation of the mRNA through incorporation into the RNA induced silencing complex (RISC). MicroRNAs are stable in the serum and plasma, are detectable in a wide variety of body fluids, are conserved across veterinary species and humans and are expressed in a tissue specific manner. They can be detected at low concentrations in circulation in animals and humans, generating interest in the utilization of miRNAs as serum and/or plasma based biomarkers of tissue injury...
2016: BMC Genomics
Attila A Seyhan, Yury O Nunez Lopez, Hui Xie, Fanchao Yi, Clayton Mathews, Magdalena Pasarica, Richard E Pratley
The clinical presentation of diabetes sometimes overlaps, contributing to ambiguity in the diagnosis. Thus, circulating pancreatic islet-enriched microRNAs (miRNAs) might be useful biomarkers of β-cell injury/dysfunction that would allow more accurate subtyping of diabetes. We measured plasma levels of selected miRNAs in subjects with prediabetes (n = 12), type 2 diabetes (T2D, n = 31), latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA, n = 6) and type 1 diabetes (T1D, n = 16) and compared them to levels in healthy control subjects (n = 27)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Feng Zhi, Naiyuan Shao, Bowen Li, Lian Xue, Danni Deng, Yuan Xu, Qing Lan, Ya Peng, Yilin Yang
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) hold great promise as novel clinically blood-based biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. However, little is known about their impact in meningioma. The TLDA assay was performed as an initial survey to determine the serum miRNA expression profile in two pooled samples from 20 pre-operative meningiomas and 20 matched healthy controls. Selected candidate miRNAs were subsequently validated individually in another 210 patients and 210 healthy controls from two independent cohorts by qRT-PCR...
2016: Scientific Reports
Ioannis Papageorgiou, Marina Freytsis, Michael H Court
Acetaminophen is the leading cause of acute liver failure (ALF) in many countries including the United States. Hepatic glucuronidation by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A subfamily enzymes is the major route of acetaminophen elimination. Reduced glucuronidation may predispose some individuals to acetaminophen-induced ALF, but mechanisms underlying reduced glucuronidation are poorly understood. We hypothesized that specific microRNAs (miRNAs) may reduce UGT1A activity by direct effects on the UGT1A 3'-UTR shared by all UGT1A enzyme transcripts, or by indirect effects on transcription factors regulating UGT1A expression...
October 1, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
Jacqueline Calvano, Gwendolyn Edwards, Clifford Hixson, Holly Burr, Raja Mangipudy, Mark Tirmenstein
Pancreatic injury in rats is primarily detected through histopathological changes and conventional serum biomarkers such as amylase and lipase. However, amylase and lipase have a short half-life and are markers of acinar, not islet cell injury. We investigated whether circulating microRNA (miR) levels that are enriched in acinar cells (miR-217, miR-216a/b) or islet cells (miR-375) could serve as markers of pancreatic injury. Rats were treated with a single dose of either vehicle, streptozotocin (STZ), caerulein, or acetaminophen (APAP), and necropsied at 4, 24, and 48h...
August 10, 2016: Toxicology
Hongbo Lv, Zhanao He, Hongjiang Wang, Tongxin Du, Zuoliang Pang
In Xinjiang, China, esophageal carcinoma has a high incidence in Kazak and Uighur populations. MicroRNA (miR)-21 and miR-375 are related to esophageal carcinoma. This study thus investigated their potencials in early diagnosis and prognosis in Kazak and Uighur populations, to provide evidences for serum markers of esophageal cancer. A total of 126 Kazak or Uighur esophageal cancer patients were enrolled as the disease group, along with 86 local Han patients as disease control cohort, and 80 healthy Kazak or Uighur individuals...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Zhi-Gang Cao, Yan-Ni Huang, Ling Yao, Yi-Rong Liu, Xin Hu, Yi-Feng Hou, Zhi-Min Shao
BACKGROUND: MicroRNA-361-5p (miR-361-5p) has been reported to be tumor suppressor in colorectal, gastric and prostate cancer, but as an oncogene in cervical cancer. No previous research has focused on the expression of miR-361-5p and its exact prognostic role in breast cancer (BC). METHODS: In this study, a tissue microarray (TMA)-based miRNA detection in situ hybridization (ISH) with LNA probe was used to detect miR-361-5p expression in 375 BC tissue. The expression level of miR-361-5p in BC and its potential prognostic value was investigated...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Kristina Stuopelyte, Kristina Daniunaite, Arnas Bakavicius, Juozas R Lazutka, Feliksas Jankevicius, Sonata Jarmalaite
BACKGROUND: In this paper, the utility of urine-circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) as the potential biomarker of prostate cancer (PCa), the second most prevalent male cancer worldwide, was evaluated. METHODS: Cancerous (N=56) and non-cancerous (N=16) prostate tissues were analysed on TaqMan Low Density Array, with the initial screening of 754 miRNAs in a subset of the samples. The abundance of selected miRNAs was analysed in urine specimens from two independent cohorts of patients with PCa (N=215 overall), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH; N=23), and asymptomatic controls (ASC; N=62) by means of quantitative reverse transcription PCR...
September 6, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Zhiming Li, Zaozao Zheng, Jun Ruan, Zhi Li, Xuan Zhuang, Chi-Meng Tzeng
Our previous research suggested that an integrated analysis of microRNA (miRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression is helpful to explore miRNA-mRNA interactions and to uncover the molecular mechanisms of male infertility. In this study, microarrays were used to compare the differences in the miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in the testicular tissues of severe oligozoospermia (SO) patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA) controls with normal spermatogenesis. Four miRNAs (miR-1246, miR-375, miR-410, and miR-758) and six mRNAs (SLC1A3, PRKAR2B, HYDIN, WDR65, PRDX1, and ADATMS5) were selected to validate the microarray data using quantitative real-time PCR...
July 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Di Wen, Yang Peng, Di Liu, Yossi Weizmann, Ram I Mahato
Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) and their exosomes can suppress immune reaction and deliver small RNAs. Thus, they may improve islet transplantation by delivering small RNAs for promoting islet function and inhibiting immune rejection. Here, we proposed an hBMSC and its exosome-based therapy to overcome immune rejection and poor islet function, both of which hinder the success of islet transplantation. We found overexpressed siFas and anti-miR-375 in plasmid encoding shFas and anti-miR-375 transfected hBMSC-derived exosomes, which silenced Fas and miR-375 of human islets and improved their viability and function against inflammatory cytokines...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
S-L Liu, Y-F Sui, M-Z Lin
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we firstly verified how miR-375 is downregulated in breast cancer cells with multi-drug resistance (MDR) and further investigated the regulative effect of miR-375 on Ybx1 expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MiR-375 expression and promoter methylation status were studied by retrieving data in NCBI GEO Datasets, qRT-PCR and Methylation-Specific PCR (MSP) assay. Drug sensitivity of the cancer cells was assessed using MTT assay. The binding between miR-375 and YBX1 gene was predicted using Targetscan 7...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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