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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532138/a-case-based-shared-teaching-approach-in-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-a-way-for-integration-in-basic-and-clinical-sciences
#1
Soheil Peiman, Azim Mirzazadeh, Maryam Alizadeh, Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad-Taghi Najafi, Abbas Tafakhori, Farnoosh Larti, Besharat Rahimi, Babak Geraiely, Parichehr Pasbakhsh, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Fatemeh Nabavizadeh Rafsanjani, Mohammad Ansari, Seyed Farshad Allameh
To present a multiple-instructor, active-learning strategy in the undergraduate medical curriculum. This educational research is a descriptive one. Shared teaching sessions, were designed for undergraduate medical students in six organ-system based courses. Sessions that involved in-class discussions of integrated clinical cases were designed implemented and moderated by at least 3 faculties (clinicians and basic scientists). The participants in this study include the basic sciences medical students of The Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531614/assessment-of-anthropometry-dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-level-of-greek-students-results-from-the-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-program-national-action-for-children-s-health-2013-2014
#2
Michael Georgoulis, Glykeria Psarra, Konstantinos Tambalis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Labros Sidossis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531565/efficiency-cost-effectiveness-and-need-of-inversion-in-nutritional-therapy-importance-of-detecting-and-documenting-undernutrition
#3
Jesús Manuel Morán López, María Piedra León, Belén Beneítez Moralejo, Fidel Jesús Enciso Izquierdo, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, José Antonio Amado Señaris
Disease Related Malnutrition (DRM) is highly prevalent in Spanish hospitals. WHO estimates that 20-40% of health-associated expenses are lost due to inefficiency. Demonstration that DRM is a component of inefficiency and hiring a specialist physician for its detection and treatment is cost-effective. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparison between nutritional diagnosis and procedures detected and encoded at discharge using McNemar test. Recoding of 162 discharge reports including nutritional diagnoses and procedures...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531343/job-satisfaction-of-teachers-of-students-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing
#4
John L Luckner, Brittany Dorn
The pressure that educators are experiencing to educate more students, with more challenges, to higher levels of learning than any time in the past is significantly changing their working conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of a national sample of teachers of students who are deaf or hard of hearing to ascertain their overall job satisfaction as well as to identify the specific factors that positively and negatively affect their ability to do their jobs well. In addition, responses of different subsets of teachers (e...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531308/challenges-of-research-recruitment-in-a-university-setting-in-england
#5
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
The recruitment is an integral part of most research projects in medical sciences involving human participants. In health promotion research, there is increasing work on the impact of environments. Settings represent environments such as schools where social, physical and psychological development unfolds. In this study, we investigated weight gain in students within a university setting. Barriers to access and recruitment of university students within a specific setting, in the context of health research are discussed...
May 20, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530492/3d-printing-in-liver-surgery-a-systematic-review
#6
Jan Sylwester Witowski, Jasamine Coles-Black, Tomasz Zbigniew Zuzak, Michał Pędziwiatr, Jason Chuen, Piotr Major, Andrzej Budzyński
BACKGROUND: Rapid growth of three-dimensional (3D) printing in recent years has led to new applications of this technology across all medical fields. This review article presents a broad range of examples on how 3D printing is facilitating liver surgery, including models for preoperative planning, education, and simulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have performed an extensive search of the medical databases Ovid/MEDLINE and PubMed/EMBASE and screened articles fitting the scope of review, following previously established exclusion criteria...
May 22, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530438/adolescent-perceived-parent-and-teacher-overestimation-of-mathematics-ability-developmental-implications-for-students-mathematics-task-values
#7
Burkhard Gniewosz, Helen M G Watt
This study examines whether and how student-perceived parents' and teachers' overestimation of students' own perceived mathematical ability can explain trajectories for adolescents' mathematical task values (intrinsic and utility) controlling for measured achievement, following expectancy-value and self-determination theories. Longitudinal data come from a 3-cohort (mean ages 13.25, 12.36, and 14.41 years; Grades 7-10), 4-wave data set of 1,271 Australian secondary school students. Longitudinal structural equation models revealed positive effects of student-perceived overestimation of math ability by parents and teachers on students' intrinsic and utility math task values development...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530429/a-daily-diary-examination-of-caffeine-mixed-with-alcohol-among-college-students
#8
Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Cathy Lau-Barraco
OBJECTIVE: Caffeinated alcoholic beverage (CAB) use is associated with a range of substance-related problems. The majority of prior research on CABs is based on cross-sectional and retrospective reports, which do not account for intraindividual differences in use and may be subject to recall biases. The current research used a daily diary, within-subjects design to compare days where individuals simultaneously mixed alcohol with caffeine (CAB days) and days where individuals drank other types of alcohol (non-CAB days) on alcohol use outcomes...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530335/-physical-symptoms-among-female-israeli-medical-students-the-effect-of-depression-and-social-support
#9
Tal Peleg-Sagy
INTRODUCTION: Female physicians, residents and medical students commonly suffer from stress. In a preliminary study, high levels of depressive symptoms were found among female medical students at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether social support moderates the effect of depressive symptoms on physical symptoms. METHODS: A total of 145 female medical students and residents from all the Israeli medical schools were assessed regarding their depressive symptoms, social support and physical symptoms...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#10
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529555/detection-of-p53-and-bcl-2-expression-in-cutaneous-hemangioma-through-the-quantum-dot-technique
#11
Tian Tang, Duan-Lian Zhang
Hemangioma is one of the most common types of infantile vascular benign tumor. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and tumor protein p53 (p53) in the proliferation and apoptosis of hemangioma cells. A total of 38 paraffin-embedded hemangioma specimens (16 males and 22 females) and another 5 paraffin-embedded healthy surrounding tissue samples, collected between January 2007 and December 2010, were obtained from the Department of Pathology at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University (Wuhan, China)...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529407/increasing-students-familiarity-with-cocurricular-experiences-a-pilot-trial
#12
Emily A Waterman, Meg L Small, Siri Newman, Samantha P Steich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of College Student Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529398/are-mothers-and-fathers-parenting-characteristics-associated-with-emerging-adults-academic-engagement
#13
Emily A Waterman, Eva S Lefkowitz
Although parenting is clearly linked to academic engagement in adolescence, less is known about links between parenting and academic engagement in emerging adulthood. A diverse sample of college students (N = 633; 53.1% female, 45.7% White/European American, 28.3% Asian American/Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, 26.4% Hispanic/Latino American, 21.6% Black/African American, and 2.8% Native American/American Indian) answered surveys about mothers' and fathers' parenting style, parent-offspring relationship quality, academic attitudes, academic behaviors, and academic performance...
June 2017: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529392/school-composition-school-culture-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-young-people-s-health-multi-level-analysis-of-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-survey-in-wales
#14
Graham F Moore, Hannah J Littlecott, Rhiannon Evans, Simon Murphy, Gillian Hewitt, Adam Fletcher
Health inequalities emerge during childhood and youth, before widening in adulthood. Theorising, testing and interrupting the mechanisms through which inequalities are perpetuated and sustained is vital. Schools are viewed as settings through which inequality in young people's health may be addressed, but few studies examine the social processes via which institutional structures reproduce or mitigate health inequalities. Informed by Markham and Aveyard's theory of human functioning and school organisation, including their concept of institutional boundaries, critical theories of marketisation and the concept of micro-political practices within schools, this paper presents analysis of student survey data (N = 9055) from 82 secondary schools in Wales...
April 2017: British Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529386/a-century-of-progress-reading-interventions-for-students-in-grades-4-12-1914-2014
#15
Nancy K Scammacca, Garrett J Roberts, Eunsoo Cho, Kelly J Williams, Greg Roberts, Sharon R Vaughn, Megan Carroll
The history of research on interventions for struggling readers in Grades 4 through 12 dates back to 19th-century case studies of seemingly intelligent children who were unable to learn to read. Physicians, psychologists, educators, and others were determined to help them. In the process, they launched a century of research on a wide variety of approaches to reading intervention. As shown in this systematic narrative review, much has changed over time in the conceptualization of reading interventions and the methods used to determine their efficacy in improving outcomes for struggling readers...
September 2016: Review of Educational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529368/what-they-think-of-us-a-study-of-teaching-medical-specialists-attitude-towards-psychiatry-in-india
#16
Suravi Patra, Binod Kumar Patro
CONTEXT: Attitudes of teaching medical specialists are important in shaping medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry. Data on attitudes of teaching medical specialists of India toward psychiatry are limited. AIMS: The aim was to study the attitude of teaching medical specialists of an academic medical center in East India toward psychiatry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered attitude toward psychiatry-30 (ATP 30) scale to teaching medical specialists of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, based on convenience sampling...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529364/rape-is-it-a-lifestyle-or-behavioral-problem
#17
Zeel N Kamdar, Jayendrakumar K Kosambiya, Bansari L Chawada, Mamtarani Verma, Abhinav Kadia
INTRODUCTION: In India, girl is raped every 20 min. The majority of reports reveals youth is vulnerable group for rape victimization. A set of prejudicial, stereotyped, or false beliefs about rape, rape victims, and rapist exist in the community. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To study the attitude and myths toward rape among college going students of Surat City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: College students of various streams were participated in the study based on attitude toward rape scale (21 items) and updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (22 items)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529361/prevalence-and-correlates-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-subthreshold-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-among-college-students-in-kerala-india
#18
T S Jaisoorya, Y C Janardhan Reddy, B Sivasankaran Nair, Anjana Rani, Priya G Menon, M Revamma, C R Jeevan, K S Radhakrishnan, Vineetha Jose, K Thennarasu
CONTEXT: There are scarce data on the prevalence of adult obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in India. AIMS: The aim was to study the point prevalence of OCD and subthreshold OCD and its psychosocial correlates among college students in the district of Ernakulam, Kerala, India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of 5784 students of the age range of 18-25 years from 58 colleges was conducted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students were self-administered the OCD subsection of the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCSs), and other relevant instruments to identify OCD, subthreshold OCD, and related clinical measures...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529218/assessment-of-hypertension-management-and-outcomes-at-an-indianapolis-student-run-free-clinic
#19
Benjamin Wahle, Kathryn Meyer, Meredith Faller, Komal Kochhar, Javier Sevilla
PURPOSE: To characterize the quality of health care at student-run free clinics (SRFCs) by analyzing hypertension management and outcomes at the Indiana University Student Outreach Clinic (IUSOC). METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records was conducted for hypertensive patients managed at IUSOC over 15 months (N = 64). Indiana University Student Outreach Clinic's hypertension control rate was compared with National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529086/educating-student-midwives-around-dignity-and-respect
#20
Jenny S Hall, Mary Mitchell
FOCUS: There is currently limited information available on how midwifery students learn to provide care that promotes dignity and respect. BACKGROUND: In recent years the importance of dignity in healthcare and treating people with respect has received considerable emphasis in both a national and international context. AIM: The aim of this discussion paper is to describe an educational workshop that enables learning to promote dignity and respect in maternity care...
May 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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