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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223013/effectiveness-of-flipped-classrooms-in-chinese-baccalaureate-nursing-education-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Rujun Hu, Huiming Gao, Yansheng Ye, Zhihong Ni, Ning Jiang, Xiaolian Jiang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the flipped classroom approach has been broadly applied to nursing courses in China. However, a systematic and quantitative assessment of the outcomes of this approach has not been conducted. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the meta-analysis is to evaluate the effectiveness of the flipped classroom pedagogy in Chinese baccalaureate nursing education. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. DATA SOURCE: All randomized controlled trials relevant to the use of flipped classrooms in Chinese nursing education were retrieved from the following databases from their date of inception through September 23, 2017: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Wanfang Database, and the Chinese Scientific Journals Database...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222968/student-teacher-relationships-and-bullying-the-role-of-student-social-status
#2
C Longobardi, N O Iotti, T Jungert, M Settanni
Student-teacher relationships have been shown to influence bullying-related behaviors in students. This study considered the moderating role of students' social statuses in the classroom. The study sample included 435 students (48.7% females) taken from 18 Italian middle-school classrooms (i.e., sixth to eighth grade). A multigroup path analysis approach was employed to examine whether the effects of the student-teacher relationships on bullying-related behaviors differed among social statuses. The results showed that perceived conflict with the teacher was shown to have a significant positive effect on students' engagement in active bullying for students from all the statuses, except for neglected students...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222933/benefits-of-emotional-integration-and-costs-of-emotional-distancing
#3
Guy Roth, Bat-Hen Shachar, Yael Zohar-Shefer, Moti Benita, Anat Moed, Uri Bibi, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Richard M Ryan
OBJECTIVES: Three studies explored the consequences of the self-determination theory (SDT) conception of integrative emotion regulation (IER; Ryan & Deci, 2017), which involves an interested stance toward emotions. Emotional, physiological, and cognitive consequences of IER were compared to the consequences of emotional distancing (ED), in relation to a fear-eliciting film. METHOD: In Study 1, we manipulated emotion regulation by prompting students' (n = 90) IER, ED, and a control group...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222887/relationship-between-umami-taste-acuity-with-sweet-or-bitter-taste-acuity-and-food-selection-in-japanese-women-university-students
#4
Masaru Kubota, Chikako Toda, Ayako Nagai-Moriyama
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although there are many studies on the umami receptor and its signaling pathway, literature on the effect of umami taste acuity on dietary choices in healthy subjects is limited. The current study aims to clarify the relationship between umami taste acuity with sweet or bitter taste acuity, food preference and intake. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Forty-two healthy Japanese female university students were enrolled. The acuity for umami, sweet, and bitter tastes was evaluated using the filter-paper disc method...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222886/salivary-cariogenic-bacteria-counts-are-associated-with-obesity-in-student-women-at-a-malaysian-university
#5
Wey-Zheng Yeo, Sheng-Pei Lim, Yee-How Say
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The counts of cariogenic bacteria lactobacilli and mutans streptococci have been studied and correlated with sugar intake. This study was to investigate the association between salivary lactobacilli and mutans streptococci counts with sweet food eating behavior and sweet sensitivity among 120 Malaysian women (101 ethnic Chinese, 19 ethnic Indians), while taking into account anthropometric and menstruation variables. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Demographics, anthropometric measurements and menstrual history were taken...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222768/thai-norms-for-name-image-and-category-agreement-object-familiarity-visual-complexity-manipulability-and-age-of-acquisition-for-480-color-photographic-objects
#6
A J Benjamin Clarke, Jason D Ludington
Normative databases containing psycholinguistic variables are commonly used to aid stimulus selection for investigations into language and other cognitive processes. Norms exist for many languages, but not for Thai. The aim of the present research, therefore, was to obtain Thai normative data for the BOSS, a set of 480 high resolution color photographic images of real objects (Brodeur et al. in PLoS ONE 5(5), 2010.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010773 ). Norms were provided by 584 Thai university students on eight dimensions: name agreement, object familiarity, visual complexity, category agreement, image agreement, two types of manipulability (graspability and mimeability), and age of acquisition...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222631/an-advanced-simulator-for-orthopedic-surgical-training
#7
J Cecil, Avinash Gupta, Miguel Pirela-Cruz
PURPOSE: The purpose of creating the virtual reality (VR) simulator is to facilitate and supplement the training opportunities provided to orthopedic residents. The use of VR simulators has increased rapidly in the field of medical surgery for training purposes. This paper discusses the creation of the virtual surgical environment (VSE) for training residents in an orthopedic surgical process called less invasive stabilization system (LISS) surgery which is used to address fractures of the femur...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222630/-there-s-so-much-to-it-the-ways-physiotherapy-students-and-recent-graduates-experience-practice
#8
S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
December 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222536/student-paper-competition-winners-2017
#9
Beth A Winkelstein, Victor H Barocas
n/a.
December 9, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222354/students-help-medicare-beneficiaries-optimize-their-part-d-benefit
#10
Cheryl A Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222351/how-are-junior-doctors-managing-patients-with-self-limiting-illnesses-at-their-first-presentation-a-video-vignette-study
#11
Eugene D'Souza, Catherine Krejany, Rosie Meng, Moyez Jiwa
PURPOSE: To conduct a video vignette survey of medical students and doctors investigating test ordering for patients presenting with self-limiting or minor illness. METHODS: Participants were shown six video vignettes of common self-limiting illnesses and invited to devise investigation and management plans for the patients' current presentation. The number of tests ordered was compared with those recommended by an expert panel. A Theory of Planned Behaviour Questionnaire explored participants' beliefs and attitudes about ordering tests in the context of self-limiting illness...
December 8, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222183/default-neglect-in-attempts-at-social-influence
#12
Julian J Zlatev, David P Daniels, Hajin Kim, Margaret A Neale
Current theories suggest that people understand how to exploit common biases to influence others. However, these predictions have received little empirical attention. We consider a widely studied bias with special policy relevance: the default effect, which is the tendency to choose whichever option is the status quo. We asked participants (including managers, law/business/medical students, and US adults) to nudge others toward selecting a target option by choosing whether to present that target option as the default...
December 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222077/can-facebook-reduce-perceived-anxiety-among-college-students-randomized-controlled-exercise-trial-using-the-transtheoretical-model-of-behavior-change
#13
Emily Frith, Paul Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest social media may be an attractive strategy to promote mental health and wellness. There remains a need to examine the utility for individually tailored wellness messages posted to social media sites such as Facebook to facilitate positive psychological outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to extend the growing body of evidence supporting the potential for social media to enhance mental health. We evaluated the influence of an 8-week social media intervention on anxiety in college students and examined the impact of dynamic (active) versus static (passive) Facebook content on physical activity behaviors...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221971/preventive-treatment-with-lomerizine-increases-cerebral-blood-flows-during-the-interictal-phase-of-migraine
#14
Ken Ikeda, Joe Aoyagi, Sayori Hanashiro, Masahiro Sawada, Maya Kyuzen, Harumi Morioka, Junya Ebina, Junpei Nagasawa, Masaru Yanagihashi, Yuichi Ishikawa, Ken Miura, Kiyoko Murata, Takanori Takazawa, Kiyokazu Kawabe, Yasuo Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: Changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were reported in migraineurs. However, little is known how preventive medications of migraine can influence rCBF. Lomerizine, a calcium channel blocker, has been used for migraine prophylaxis in Japan. We examined rCBF after lomerizine treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Migraine was diagnosed according to the criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders, Third Edition beta. Migraine subtype was classified into migraine with aura (MA) and migraine without aura (MO)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221788/differential-prevalence-of-hematuria-and-proteinuria-with-socio-demographic-factors-among-school-children-in-hualien-taiwan
#15
Ming-Chun Chen, Jen-Hung Wang, Chia-Hsiang Chu, Ching-Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: Pediatric hematuria/proteinuria is a risk factor for chronic kidney disease in later life, and school urinary screening can detect asymptomatic glomerulonephritis in the early stage. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hematuria/proteinuria and its association with different socio-demographic factors among school children in 2013 in Hualien, Taiwan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among first, fourth, and seventh graders. Health examination results and urinalysis data were analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221709/the-use-of-contact-lenses-among-university-students-in-chengdu-knowledge-and-practice-of-contact-lens-wearers
#16
Qiurong Zhu, Bi Yang, Nan Deng, Yifan Li, Tingwei Wang, Huang Qi, Longqian Liu
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and general knowledge of contact lens wearers among college students in Chengdu, a metroplolitan of Chinaand find out the routine habits of use and hygienic conditions when wearing contact lenses. METHOD: The questionnaire was distributed to 1,600 ametropic participants who were from 8 different universities. Data about demographics, general contact lens handling habits, personal attitudes, hygiene behaviors and eye health conditions were collected...
December 5, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221559/-choosing-to-become-a-nurse-a-commitment
#17
Julie Trolliet
It appears that, to survive, all people need a commitment, whatever their motivations, their degree of involvement and the time they can dedicate to it. What does "commitment" really mean to nursing students?
December 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221544/big-data-knowledge-in-global-health-education
#18
EDITORIAL
Olaniyi Olayinka, Michele Kekeh, Manasi Sheth-Chandra, Muge Akpinar-Elci
The ability to synthesize and analyze massive amounts of data is critical to the success of organizations, including those that involve global health. As countries become highly interconnected, increasing the risk for pandemics and outbreaks, the demand for big data is likely to increase. This requires a global health workforce that is trained in the effective use of big data. To assess implementation of big data training in global health, we conducted a pilot survey of members of the Consortium of Universities of Global Health...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221539/partnership-conference
#19
John A Bartlett, Sarah Cao, Blandina Mmbaga, Xu Qian, Michael Merson, Randall Kramer
BACKGROUND: The Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) was founded in 2006 with a goal to foster interdisciplinary global health education and research across Duke University and Duke Medical Center. Critical to achieving this goal is the need to develop and sustain strong international partnerships. OBJECTIVE: To host a conference with multiple international partners and strengthen existing relationships. METHODS: After a deliberate year-long planning process, DGHI convened a Partnership Conference with its international partners on the Duke University campus in conjunction with its 10th Anniversary Celebration...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221536/exploration-of-global-health-careers-across-the-medical-fields
#20
Ernest Barthélemy, Vanessa Mallol, Alisse Hannaford, Christian Pean, Rehema Kutua, Christopher de Haydu, Natasha Anandaraja, Ramin Asgary, Ebrahim Elahi, Braden Hexom, Philip Landrigan, Taraneh Shirazian, Craig Katz
BACKGROUND: Despite expansion of interest among American medical students in global health (GH), academic medical centers face multiple obstacles to the development of structured GH curricula and career guidance. To meet these demands we sought to provide a systematic analysis of the accounts of GH experts. METHODS: We developed a collaborative, interview-based, qualitative analysis of GH experiences across six career-related themes that are relevant to medical students interested in GH: justification, medical education, economics, research prospects, law and ethics, and work-life balance...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
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