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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475195/instant-messaging-and-nursing-students-clinical-learning-experience
#1
Christoph Pimmer, Florian Brühlmann, Titilayo Dorothy Odetola, Oluwafemi Dipeolu, Urs Gröhbiel, Ademola J Ajuwon
BACKGROUND: Although learning in clinical settings is a key element of nursing education, for many learners these are challenging developmental contexts often marked by isolation and a lack of belongingness. Despite the massive appropriation of mobile instant messaging (MIM) platforms and the connective properties attendant to them, very little is known about their role in and impact on nursing students' clinical learning experiences. APPROACH AND METHODS: To address this gap, the study, which was part of a multinational research project on the use of mobile social media in health professions education in developing countries, examined the use of the instant messaging platform WhatsApp by nursing students during placements and potential associations with socio-professional indicators...
February 10, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475191/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-romanian-translation-of-the-drive-for-muscularity-scale-dms-in-university-men
#2
Viren Swami, Mona Vintila, Otilia Tudorel, Cosmin Goian, David Barron
We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 15-item Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). Male university students from Romania (N = 343) completed the DMS, as well as measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that DMS scores reduced to two factors that related to muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviours, with both first-order factors loading onto a higher-order factor. However, confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a model with two first-order factors and a higher-order factor had poor fit...
February 20, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475190/factors-dancers-associate-with-their-body-dissatisfaction
#3
Ana García Dantas, Diana Amado Alonso, Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel, Carmen Del Río Sánchez
Body dissatisfaction constitutes an important factor in the development of eating pathologies, particularly among dancers. The aim of this research was to test the factors that dancers identified as relevant to their body dissatisfaction using an exploratory mixed method design. Participants were 369 dancers from two Spanish dance conservatories. Questionnaires assessed body dissatisfaction, abnormal eating attitudes and behaviors, and risk factors to eating disorders in the dance domain. Nine factors were found; the "teacher", the "uniform", and the "mirrors" were the most common...
February 20, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475154/nursing-students-and-preceptors-experience-of-assessment-during-clinical-practice-a-multilevel-repeated-interview-study-of-student-preceptor-dyads
#4
Karen Johanne Ugland Vae, Maria Engström, Gunilla Mårtensson, Anna Löfmark
Nursing students' learning process during clinical practice is dependent on the quality of their assessment, and the feedback that is given, however an issue that is very little examined. The aim of this study was to investigate student-preceptor dyads and their experiences of mid-course discussions and final assessment. Data were collected through repeated semi-structured individual interviews with 13 dyads close in time to the assessment discussions, and were analyzed by searching for similarities and differences in their experiences...
November 29, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475135/the-multiplicative-effect-of-combining-alcohol-with-energy-drinks-on-adolescent-gambling
#5
Alessio Vieno, Natale Canale, Roberta Potente, Marco Scalese, Mark D Griffiths, Sabrina Molinaro
PURPOSE: There has been increased concern about the negative effects of adolescents consuming a combination of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED). To date, few studies have focused on AmED use and gambling. The present study analyzed the multiplicative effect of AmED consumption, compared to alcohol alone, on the likelihood of at-risk or problem gambling during adolescence. METHODS: Data from the ESPAD®Italia 2015 study, a cross-sectional survey conducted in a nationally representative sample of students (ages 15 to 19years) were used to examine the association between self-reported AmED use (≥6 times,≥10 times, and ≥20 times during the last month) and self-reported gambling severity...
February 20, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474951/teaching-of-posterior-composites-in-dental-schools-in-japan-30-years-and-beyond
#6
Mikako Hayashi, Tomomi Yamada, Christopher D Lynch, Nairn H F Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The teaching of posterior composites has been a major part of the curriculum in Japanese dental education for several decades. The aim of this paper was to investigate the current trends in the teaching of posterior composites to undergraduate dental students in Japan by comparing the results of surveys conducted for over 30 years. METHODS: In late 2016-early 2017, a questionnaire seeking information on the teaching of posterior composites was distributed via e-mail to the persons responsible for teaching operative dentistry in 29 dental schools having undergraduate dental degree programs in Japan...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474851/active-learning-improves-on-task-behaviors-in-4th-grade-children
#7
J B Bartholomew, N M Golaszewski, E Jowers, E Korinek, G Roberts, A Fall, S Vaughn
While increased opportunities for physical activity (PA) are a critical, public health need for children, school-based interventions often place teachers in the position to choose between PA and time spent on academic lessons. Active learning is designed to overcome this by combining PA with academic material. Moreover, teachers are likely to be more responsive to change in academic-related outcomes than in PA. This study utilizes a large, cluster randomized control trial in which student attention, or time on task (TOT) and accelerometer-based PA is assessed in conjunction with active learning...
February 20, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474503/tree-cover-and-species-composition-effects-on-academic-performance-of-primary-school-students
#8
Sivajanani Sivarajah, Sandy M Smith, Sean C Thomas
Human exposure to green space and vegetation is widely recognized to result in physical and mental health benefits; however, to date, the specific effects of tree cover, diversity, and species composition on student academic performance have not been investigated. We compiled standardized performance scores in Grades 3 and 6 for the collective student body in 387 schools across the Toronto District School Board (TDSB), and examined variation in relation to tree cover, tree diversity, and tree species composition based on comprehensive inventories of trees on school properties combined with aerial-photo-based assessments of tree cover...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474452/a-10-year-case-study-on-the-changing-determinants-of-university-student-satisfaction-in-the-uk
#9
Adrian Burgess, Carl Senior, Elisabeth Moores
Higher Education (HE), once the prerogative of a tiny elite, is now accessible to larger numbers of people around the world than ever before yet despite the fact that an understanding of student satisfaction has never been more important for today's universities, the concept remains poorly understood. Here we use published data from the UK's National Student Survey (NSS), representing data from 2.3 million full-time students collected from 2007 to 2016, as a case study of the benefits and limitations of measuring student satisfaction that might have applicability for other countries, particularly those that, like the UK, have experienced significant growth in student numbers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474240/high-rates-of-high-grade-cervical-dysplasia-in-high-risk-young-women-with-low-grade-cervical-cytology
#10
Laura R Daily, Britt K Erickson, Daniel N Pasko, J Michael Straughn, Warner K Huh, Charles A Leath
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine rates of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 or greater in high-risk, racially diverse, young women with low-grade cytology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, a cross-sectional study of 21- to 24-year-old women with low-grade cytology (atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, high-risk human papillomavirus+, low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, or human papillomavirus+ only) managed with colposcopy at our university-based clinic between May 2011 and April 2013 were identified...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474234/simple-hysterectomy-for-residual-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasm
#11
Liat Binyamin, Meirav Segev, Yoav Peled, Haim Krissi, Gad Sabah, Oded Raban, Ariella Jakobson-Setton, Avi Ben-Haroush, Ram Eitan
OBJECTIVE: Many patients undergo hysterectomy for the treatment of cervical dysplasia. Factors that correlate with residual high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HGSIL) at hysterectomy are not clear. We set out to determine preoperative features that may predict residual disease for patients treated for cervical dysplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective database was reviewed for women who underwent simple hysterectomy for HGSIL between 1990 and 2013...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474227/caring-in-the-margins-a-scholarship-of-accompaniment-for-advanced-transcultural-nursing-practice
#12
Ruth C Enestvedt, Kathleen M Clark, Kaija Freborg, Joyce P Miller, Cheryl J Leuning, Deborah K Schuhmacher, Kristin M McHale, Katherine A Baumgartner, Susan L Loushin
Nurses must learn essential skills based in transcultural nursing to address issues of equity and social justice. The development of a model for nursing practice for an urban nurse-led drop-in center for individuals experiencing marginalization provides an opportunity for student nurses to learn transcultural nursing skills that shifts care from acknowledging the need of others to accompanying others on their health journey. The practice model provides the opportunity for undergraduate and graduate nursing students at Augsburg University to de-emphasize tasks and build relationships...
February 22, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474139/levels-of-regulatory-b-cells-do-not-predict-serological-responses-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine
#13
Maria Bolther, Karen Lise Dahl Andersen, Martin Tolstrup, Kumar Visvanathan, Ian Woolley, Narelle Skinner, Rosemary Millen, Nadia Warner, Lars Østergaard, Søren Jensen-Fangel
This study investigated the immunomodulatory influence of IL10 producing B regulatory cells, Bregs (CD19+CD24hiCD38hi) to standard Twinrix® vaccination. We also investigated HBsAg specific T-cell mediated IFN-γ responses to Twinrix® which in theory could provide effective immunity despite low anti-HBs titer. A total of 309 hepatitis B negative health care students and workers completed a standard Twinrix® vaccination schedule (0, 1 and 6 months). Depending on the vaccination response the participants were divided in to non-, low- and high responders according to anti-HBs titer (<10, <100 and >1000 mIU/mL respectively) two months after completed vaccination schedule...
February 23, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474130/-it-s-natural-and-healthy-but-i-don-t-want-to-see-it-using-entertainment-education-to-improve-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-in-public
#14
Katherine A Foss, Ken Blake
While it has been well established that breastfeeding provides the best nourishment for children, few women achieve the recommended breastfeeding duration. Negative media messages have been identified as one explanation for the lack of individual and public support for breastfeeding. This study explored the influence of media on the knowledge and attitudes of a nearly childless population to ascertain if and how entertainment media can positively impact perceptions of breastfeeding. Using cultivation and parasocial interaction, this research measured entertainment television's effect on breastfeeding attitudes using randomized-group experiments involving 375 students...
February 23, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474127/relationships-between-early-alcohol-experiences-drinker-self-schema-drinking-and-smoking-in-college-students
#15
Chia-Kuei Lee, Colleen Corte, Karen F Stein
BACKGROUND: Drinking and smoking commonly co-occur in undergraduate students. Although an identity as a drinker is a known predictor of alcohol use and alcohol problems, and early evidence suggests that it also predicts smoking, the role of these behaviors in the development of an identity as a drinker is unknown. In this study, we conceptualized a drinker identity as an enduring memory structure referred to as a self-schema, and conducted a preliminary investigation of the relationships between early drinking experiences, drinker self-schema, and alcohol and tobacco use in undergraduate students...
February 23, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474099/beyond-supervised-learning-a-multi-perspective-approach-to-outpatient-physical-therapy-mentoring
#16
Megan M Buning, Shaun W Buning
BACKGROUND: Novice physical therapists face multiple challenges as they transition to autonomous, efficient, and seasoned therapists. Mentoring is known to facilitate growth among novice therapists; however, formalized mentoring programs within the outpatient setting are scarce or management-centered. This study sought to explore the most desired components of a formal mentoring program from multiple perspectives. METHODS: An inductive qualitative inquiry explored perceptions of participants (n = 35) from four populations...
February 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473884/interest-in-insects-the-role-of-entomology-in-environmental-education
#17
Faith J Weeks, Christian Y Oseto
University-based outreach programs have a long history of offering environmental education programs to local schools, but often these lessons are not evaluated for their impact on teachers and students. The impact of these outreach efforts can be influenced by many things, but the instructional delivery method can affect how students are exposed to new topics or how confident teachers feel about incorporating new concepts into the classroom. A study was conducted with a series of university entomology outreach programs using insects as a vehicle for teaching environmental education...
February 23, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473706/the-influence-of-need-for-cognitive-closure-on-the-attention-recognition-stage-of-preventive-coping
#18
Jiaying Wang, Yiqun Gan
The current study explored the influence of need for cognitive closure (NFCC) on preventive coping via its effects on the attention-recognition stage and sought to determine whether this influence was moderated by individuals' existing knowledge. An experiment involving 90 university students used the vignette-reading paradigm to explore the relationships between NFCC, attention and preventive coping behaviour. The results indicated that when preventive coping situations were consistent with participants' previous knowledge, people with high, relative to low, NFCC were more inclined to use preventive coping strategies...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473654/using-equivalence-based-instruction-to-teach-piano-skills-to-college-students
#19
Kristin R Griffith, Amber L Ramos, Kelli E Hill, Caio F Miguel
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of equivalence-based instruction (EBI) on the emergence of basic music reading and piano playing skills. Six female college students learned to identify three musical chord notations given their respective dictated names. Participants also learned to play chords on the piano following the dictated name of the chord, and to play the chords to a song on a keyboard. Results are consistent with past research, in that stimuli became substitutable for each other and acquired a common behavioral function...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473451/a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-of-pharmacy-students-on-pharmacogenetic-testing-in-the-netherlands
#20
Paul Cd Bank, Jesse J Swen, Henk-Jan Guchelaar
AIM: To benchmark knowledge and attitude of pharmacy students toward pharmacogenetics (PGx) and PGx testing and compare the results with practicing colleagues. METHODS: All pharmacy students in The Netherlands were invited to participate in a web-based survey consisting of 28 questions. Out of the 824 invited students, 148 individuals (18.0%) completed the questionnaire. All responders believed in the concept of PGx and had high expectations toward PGx. The majority (96...
February 23, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
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