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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325025/comparison-between-users-of-a-new-methodology-for-heart-sound-auscultation
#1
Ana Castro, Pedro Gomes, Sandra S Mattos, Miguel T Coimbra
Auscultation is a routine exam and the first line of screening in heart pathologies. The objective of this study was to assess if using a new data collection system, the DigiScope Collector, with a guided and automatic annotation of heart auscultation, different levels of expertise/experience users could collect similar digital auscultations. Data were collected within the Heart Caravan Initiative (Paraíba, Brasil). Patients were divided into two study groups: Group 1 evaluated by a third year medical student (User 1), and an experienced nurse (User 2); Group 2 evaluated by User 2 and an Information Technology professional (User 3)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325007/building-a-more-diverse-biomedical-engineering-workforce-biomedical-engineering-at-the-university-of-the-district-of-columbia-a-historically-black-college-university
#2
Lara A Thompson, A Segun Adebayo, Nian Zhang, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Devdas Shetty
Biomedical Engineering (BME) is a new, multidisciplinary, and rapidly growing field, however, the BME Workforce suffers from limited ethnic and gender diversity. Despite the demand and growth of this new field due to its public health importance, only 4 out of the 107 Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) nationwide offers a Bachelor's of Science (B.S.) in Bio-Engineering related fields. In order to contribute to a growing BME Workforce, HBCUs need to react and offer more degree-programs relevant to BME...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324948/association-between-visuomotor-adaptation-and-mathematics-skills
#3
M N Anwar, R Rehman, U Hassan
Learning a new motor skill involves multiple cognitive aspects such as attention, planning, prioritizing, execution, and error correction. In current study, we examined whether the students opted for pure mathematics at their undergraduate level have enhanced motor skills as compared to those pursuing biological sciences at the same level of education. A total of twenty subjects participated in a visuomotor adaptation task. The results showed that the overall movement related errors in subjects with mathematics background were lower than the biosciences students (p = 0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324915/alcohol-related-blackouts-negative-alcohol-related-consequences-and-motivations-for-drinking-reported-by-newly-matriculating-transgender-college-students
#4
Larry A Tupler, Daniel Zapp, William DeJong, Maryam Ali, Sarah O'Rourke, John Looney, H Scott Swartzwelder
BACKGROUND: Many transgender college students struggle with identity formation and other emotional, social, and developmental challenges associated with emerging adulthood. A potential maladaptive coping strategy employed by such students is heavy drinking. Prior literature has suggested greater consumption and negative alcohol-related consequences (ARCs) in transgender students compared with their cisgender peers, but little is known about their differing experiences with alcohol-related blackouts (ARBs)...
March 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324823/nursing-students-perceptions-of-using-smartphones-in-the-community-practicum-a-qualitative-study
#5
Philippe Beauregard, Antonia Arnaert, Norma Ponzoni
BACKGROUND: Smartphones have the potential to revolutionize the way in which nurses practice by facilitating access to evidence-based resources, however their integration in nursing practice remain variable. Millennials tend to be more comfortable with technology, yet find themselves limited in their ability to use smartphones within the context of clinical practice. METHODS/DATA SOURCES: Using a qualitative descriptive design, we explored nursing students' perceptions of using smartphones in the community practicum...
March 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324699/low-vigorous-physical-activity-is-associated-with-increased-adrenocortical-reactivity-to-psychosocial-stress-in-students-with-high-stress-perceptions
#6
Markus Gerber, Sebastian Ludyga, Manuel Mücke, Flora Colledge, Serge Brand, Uwe Pühse
OBJECTIVES: The pathways by which physical activity impacts on participants' health are still not fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond existing research by combining methods from survey-based and experimental stress research, and by examining whether the potential of vigorous physical activity (VPA) to attenuate physiological and psychological stress responses is moderated by participants' subjective stress perception. METHODS: The sample consisted of 42 undergraduate students (M=21...
March 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324186/association-of-evening-smartphone-use-with-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-activity-after-awakening-in-adolescents-living-in-high-school-dormitories
#7
Yoko Nose, Rina Fujinaga, Maki Suzuki, Ikuyo Hayashi, Toshio Moritani, Kazuhiko Kotani, Narumi Nagai
PURPOSE: Smartphones are prevalently used among adolescents; however, nighttime exposure to blue-enriched light, through electric devices, is known to induce delays of the circadian rhythm phases and poor morning somatic conditions. We therefore investigated whether evening smartphone use may affect sleep-wake cycle and cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity after awaking in dormitory students. METHODS: The participants were high school students, living under dormitory rules regarding the curfew, study, meals, lights-out, and wake-up times...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323828/liquid-handling-lego-robots-and-experiments-for-stem-education-and-research
#8
Lukas C Gerber, Agnes Calasanz-Kaiser, Luke Hyman, Kateryna Voitiuk, Uday Patil, Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
Liquid-handling robots have many applications for biotechnology and the life sciences, with increasing impact on everyday life. While playful robotics such as Lego Mindstorms significantly support education initiatives in mechatronics and programming, equivalent connections to the life sciences do not currently exist. To close this gap, we developed Lego-based pipetting robots that reliably handle liquid volumes from 1 ml down to the sub-μl range and that operate on standard laboratory plasticware, such as cuvettes and multiwell plates...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323818/teaching-broader-impacts-of-science-with-undergraduate-research
#9
Kenneth C Keiler, Kathy L Jackson, Leslie Jaworski, David Lopatto, Sarah E Ades
Science plays an important role in most aspects of society, and scientists face ethical decisions as a routine part of their work, but science education frequently omits or segregates content related to ethics and broader impacts of science. Undergraduate research experiences have the potential to bridge traditional divides in education and provide a holistic view of science. In practice, these experiences can be inconsistent and may not provide the optimal learning environment. We developed a course that combines seminar and independent research elements to support student learning during undergraduate research, makes ethical and societal impacts of science clear by relating them to the students' own research projects, and develops students' ethical decision-making skills...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323814/three-dimensional-evaluation-of-maxillary-sinus-septa-for-implant-placement
#10
Eliza Dragan, Guillaume A Odri, Gabriel Melian, Danisia Haba, Raphael Olszewski
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to investigate, in 3 dimensions, the maxillary sinus septa as an alternative site for dental implant placement to avoid sinus lift procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected 100 dentate and 100 edentate patients with the presence of a maxillary sinus septum by reviewing a larger cone beam computer tomography (CBCT) database from the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc in Bruxelles, Belgium...
March 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323604/why-it-s-unjust-to-expect-location-specific-language-specific-or-population-specific-service-from-students-with-underrepresented-minority-or-low-income-backgrounds
#11
Barret Michalec, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Jon C Tilburt, Frederic W Hafferty
In this case we meet Amanda, a medical student of Native and Latin American ethnicity who receives financial aid. Her friends are surprised by her interest in an elite residency program. They suggest, rather, that with her language skills, ethnic background, and interest in social justice, she has a responsibility to work with underserved patient populations. In our commentary, we consider issues raised by the case and explore Amanda's friends' underlying expectations and assumptions that perpetuate the very inequities that the resolution of the case purports to address...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323603/how-medicine-may-save-the-life-of-us-immigration-policy-from-clinical-and-educational-encounters-to-ethical-public-policy
#12
Mark G Kuczewski
Medicine has a conceptual contribution to make to the immigration debate. Our nation has been unable to move forward with meaningful immigration reform because many citizens seem to assume that immigrants are in the United States to access benefits to which they are not entitled. In contrast, when medicine encounters undocumented immigrants in the health care or medical education setting, it is obvious that their contributions to our health care system are denied by exclusionary laws. When the system is amended to be inclusive, immigrants become contributors to the systems that they access...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323551/college-related-alcohol-beliefs-and-problematic-alcohol-consumption-alcohol-protective-behavioral-strategies-as-a-mediator
#13
Adrian J Bravo, Mark A Prince, Matthew R Pearson
BACKGROUND: College-related alcohol beliefs, or beliefs that drinking alcohol is central to the college experience, have been shown to robustly predict alcohol-related outcomes among college students. Given the strength of these associations, it is imperative to understand more proximal factors (i.e., closer in a causal chain leading to alcohol-related outcomes) that can explain these associations. OBJECTIVES: The current research examined alcohol protective behavioral strategies (PBS) as a potential mediator of the association between college-related alcohol beliefs and alcohol outcomes among college student drinkers...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323517/differences-in-adolescent-emotion-regulation-and-impulsivity-a-group-comparison-study-of-school-based-recovery-students
#14
Beth S Russell, Anne Thompson Heller, Morica Hutchison
BACKGROUND: Recovery high schools (RHS) vary in organization and operating philosophy, but are designed to support the unique needs of students struggling with substance use disorders (SUD). Previous research on youth risk taking behaviors suggests emotion regulation is a key predictor of outcomes. Specifically, the ability to respond in adaptive rather than maladaptive ways is often associated with challenges of impulsivity, poor distress tolerance, and adolescent substance use. OBJECTIVES: The current study considers data from RHS students in order to answer research questions concerning impulsivity and emotion regulation of youth working to change their risk trajectories in comparison to group of typically developing youth...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323514/perceptions-of-risks-and-benefits-among-nonprescription-stimulant-consumers-diverters-and-non-users
#15
Brittany A Kinman, Kevin J Armstrong, Kristina B Hood
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined perceptions of legal and health risks along with the perceived benefits of nonprescription stimulant (NPS) use in college students (e.g., using stimulants such as Ritalin, Vvyanse, Concerta, or Adderall without a prescription). OBJECTIVE: This study sought to better understand how college students perceived legal and health risks, as well as motivations associated with NPS use. The perceived risks and benefits were examined between those involved and those uninvolved...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319727/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-student-nurse-performance-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-simulated-family-witnessed-resuscitation-scenario
#16
Gerard Kenny, Isabelle Bray, David Pontin, Rachel Jefferies, John Albarran
This randomized controlled trial, conducted in a UK University nursing department, compared student nurses' performance during a simulated cardiac arrest. Eighteen teams of four students were randomly assigned to one of three scenarios: 1) no family witness; 2) a "quiet" family witness; and 3) a family witness displaying overt anxiety and distress. Each group was assessed by observers for a range of performance outcomes (e.g. calling for help, timing to starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation), and simulation manikin data on the depth and timing of three cycles of compressions...
March 14, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319726/factors-affecting-the-programme-completion-of-pre-registration-nursing-students-through-a-three-year-course-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Jane Wray, Jo Aspland, David Barrett, Eric Gardiner
Students who leave pre-registration nurse education having failed to complete remain a concern for higher education institutions. This study identifed factors influencing completion using a retrospective cohort analysis to map student characteristics at entry against Year 3 completion data. The study was set in a nursing faculty in a higher education institution in northern England. Data were collected between 2009 and 2014 with five cohorts of students participating (n = 807). Multinomial logistic regression was used to model the dependent variable Progression Outcome with categories of; completion and non-completion (academic and non-academic reasons)...
March 14, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319702/volatile-organic-compounds-voc-formaldehyde-and-nitrogen-dioxide-no2-in-schools-in-johor-bahru-malaysia-associations-with-rhinitis-ocular-throat-and-dermal-symptoms-headache-and-fatigue
#18
Dan Norbäck, Jamal Hisham Hashim, Zailina Hashim, Faridah Ali
This paper studied associations between volatile organic compounds (VOC), formaldehyde, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) in schools in Malaysia and rhinitis, ocular, nasal and dermal symptoms, headache and fatigue among students. Pupils from eight randomly selected junior high schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia (N=462), participated (96%). VOC, formaldehyde and NO2 were measured by diffusion sampling (one week) and VOC also by pumped air sampling during class. Associations were calculated by multi-level logistic regression adjusting for personal factors, the home environment and microbial compounds in the school dust...
March 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319686/corrigendum-to-gender-negative-life-events-and-coping-on-different-stages-of-depression-severity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-university-students-j-affect-disord-2017-209-177-181
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319457/medical-students-and-staff-physicians-the-question-of-social-media
#20
Michael Noller, Johnny P Mai, Philip E Zapanta, Macario Camacho
Social media's prevalence among the professional world is rapidly increasing. Its use among medical personnel-specifically, medical students, resident physicians, and staff physicians-could compromise personal-professional boundaries. Could the acceptance or lack of acceptance of a friend request bias the medical student application process? If friend requests are accepted, then medical students, resident physicians, and staff physicians are provided access to very personal aspects of one another's lives, which may not have been the intent...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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