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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812834/cost-effectiveness-of-rural-incentive-packages-for-graduating-medical-students-in-lao-pdr
#1
Eric Keuffell, Wanda Jaskiewicz, Khampasong Theppanya, Kate Tulenko
BACKGROUND: The dearth of health workers in rural settings in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) and other developing countries limits healthcare access and outcomes. In evaluating non-wage financial incentive packages as a potential policy option to attract health workers to rural settings, understanding the expected costs and effects of the various programs ex ante can assist policy-makers in selecting the optimal incentive package. METHODS: We use discrete choice experiments (DCEs), costing analyses and recent empirical results linking health worker density and health outcomes to estimate the future location decisions of physicians and determine the cost-effectiveness of 15 voluntary incentives packages for new physicians in Lao PDR...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812814/a-comparison-of-iran-and-uk-eq-5d-3l-value-sets-based-on-visual-analogue-scale
#2
Aliasghar A Kiadaliri
BACKGROUND: Preference weights for EQ-5D-3L based on visual analogue scale (VAS) has recently been developed in Iran. The aim of the current study was to compare performance of this value set against the UK VAS-based value set. METHODS: The mean scores for all possible 243 health states were compared using Student t test. Absolute agreement and consistency were investigated using concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) and Bland-Altman plot. Health gains for 29 403 possible transitions between pairs of EQ-5D-3L health states were compared...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812518/trust-s-nurse-of-the-year
#3
(no author information available yet)
Nursing student Christina O'Loughlin has had a tram named after her in her home city of Nottingham. The tram bears her name in recognition of her winning Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust's nurse of the year award after a public vote.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812479/student-life-international-experience
#4
Katie Dutton
I was one of more than 40 nursing students who travelled to Berlin in June for a five-day trip focusing on the health and care of refugees and asylum seekers - an area I previously knew little about.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812451/nonmedical-use-of-over-the-counter-medications-is-significantly-associated-with-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-university-students
#5
Vi T Le, Abigail Norris Turner, Anne McDaniel, Kenneth M Hale, Christina Athas, Nicole C Kwiek
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between nonmedical use of over-the-counter medications (NMUOTC) and nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD). PARTICIPANTS: University students surveyed on NMUOTC and NMUPD between August and December 2011 (N = 939). METHODS: Cross-sectional data analysis of online survey. RESULTS: The majority of respondents were female, undergraduate, Caucasian, and not affiliated with Greek life...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812444/a-psychometric-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-f
#6
Joshua T Brown, Fred Volk, Gabrielle L Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory-Functions (OSI-F) for assessing non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), a condition for further study in the DSM-5. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 345 students who indicated a history of self-injury in a university counseling center over six semesters from August 2009 - May 2012. METHOD: Participants completed the OSI-F as a measure on the psychological intake for the university counseling center...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812441/the-indirect-effect-of-perceived-burdensomeness-on-the-relationship-between-indices-of-social-support-and-suicide-ideation-in-college-students
#7
David W Hollingsworth, Meredith L Slish, LaRicka R Wingate, Collin L Davidson, Kathy A Rasmussen, Victoria M O'Keefe, Raymond P Tucker, DeMond M Grant
OBJECTIVE: Research has demonstrated that a lack of social support is related to suicide risk. This study exams perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, as mechanisms of the social support-suicide relationship in college students. METHOD: The study consisted of 207 students from a Midwestern university. Data were collected from 2007-2008. Two multiple mediation analyses were conducted to examine whether perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness mediated the relationship between indices of social support and suicide ideation...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812420/a-novel-approach-for-streamlining-delivery-of-brief-motivational-interventions-to-mandated-college-students-using-group-and-individual-sessions-matched-to-level-of-risk
#8
Michael H Bernstein, Grayson L Baird, Miryam Yusufov, Nadine R Mastroleo, Kate B Carey, Daniel D Graney, Mark D Wood
BACKGROUND: Mandated college students (those in violation of a campus alcohol policy) are heterogenous with respect to alcohol consumption. Thus, when universities consider required treatment for mandated students, one promising option is to match treatment intensity according to level of alcohol involvement. The present study evaluates such an approach with minimal resources. METHODS: Mandated students (N = 285) were required to complete a baseline assessment. Participants identified as high-risk (5+ past month alcohol problems AND 2+ past month heavy drinking episodes) received a one session individual Brief Motivational Intervention (I-BMI) whereas those identified as low-risk (all others) received a one session group Brief Motivational Intervention (G-BMI)...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812392/psychometric-properties-of-the-performing-arts-module-of-the-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-questionnaire
#9
Vera Baadjou, Rob de Bie, Christine Guptill, Rob Smeets
BACKGROUND: The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire (DASH) offers an optional performing arts module. The goal was to examine the psychometric properties of this module in musicians. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of a biopsychosocial intervention to prevent or reduce playing-related disability in conservatory students. Baseline data were used to examine internal consistency and discriminative validity of the performing arts module of the DASH questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812248/building-a-community-of-health-professionals-to-establish-a-shared-learning-experience-in-psychiatry-and-substance-use-disorders-for-health-professions-students
#10
Andrew Muzyk, Kathryn Andolsek, Patricia Mullan, Christine Tew, Charles Sanders, Anne Derouin, Brigit Carter, Shelley Holmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812196/convergent-validation-and-transfer-of-learning-studies-of-a-virtual-reality-based-pattern-cutting-simulator
#11
Arun Nemani, Woojin Ahn, Clairice Cooper, Steven Schwaitzberg, Suvranu De
INTRODUCTION: Research has clearly shown the benefits of surgical simulators to train laparoscopic motor skills required for positive patient outcomes. We have developed the Virtual Basic Laparoscopic Skill Trainer (VBLaST) that simulates tasks from the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) curriculum. This study aims to show convergent validity of the VBLaST pattern cutting module via the CUSUM method to quantify learning curves along with motor skill transfer from simulation environments to ex vivo tissue samples...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812121/-teaching-in-orthopaedic-and-trauma-surgery
#12
T Renkawitz, A Benditz, M Rüsseler, U Obertacke, J Grifka, M Weber
The scramble for available places to study medicine in Germany continues. One of the core points within the "Master Plan 2020", which has been recently adopted, is the reform of teaching concepts at German medical faculties. In the future, students of human medicine are to be trained primarily based upon competence-oriented, integrated curricula. The present paper is intended to present modern teaching concepts and methods, as well as current examination formats, which play a special role in student training in orthopaedics and traumatology...
August 15, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812022/histopathologic-differences-between-jewish-and-arab-population-in-israel-at-first-time-presentation-with-bladder-cancer
#13
Ofir Avitan, Zaher Bahouth, Sarel Halachmi, Sagi Shprits, Ismail Masarwa, Edmond Sabo, Boaz Moskovitz, Ofer Nativ
BACKGROUND: Pathology of urothelial carcinoma may vary in different populations at diagnosis. Our aim was to evaluate the histopathologic differences between Jewish and Arab patients in Israel at first diagnosis of urothelial cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data of all patients with confirmed urothelial cancer, treated at our department between January 2010 and January 2015. We examined the distribution of the histopathologic data among the studied populations...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811790/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-its-association-with-adiposity-indices-in-young-adults
#14
Mozaffer Rahim Hingorjo, Sitwat Zehra, Zainab Hasan, Masood Anwar Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity in young adults. METHODS: Data was collected from 133 students of a medical college of Pakistan. The study was conducted on young adults, aged 17-24 years, recruited from Jinnah Medical & Dental College, Karachi, between Aug-Dec, 2015. Queen's College Step Test was conducted to measure CRF and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) evaluated. Anthropometric measurements (body mass index, body fat, visceral fat, waist circumference) were taken to assess adiposity...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811786/examining-the-postural-awareness-and-flexibility-changes-in-physical-therapy-students-who-took-clinical-pilates-class
#15
Esra Atilgan, Devrim Tarakci, Fatma Mutluay
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate postural awareness and changes in posture and flexibility of students who took Clinical Pilates class as an elective course at the undergraduate level. METHODS: The study conducted from 2013-2016 included 98 students who took Clinical Pilates class at the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey. The flexibility levels of the study participants were measured before and after the Clinical Pilates education using finger-to-floor test and modified Schober's test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811750/availability-of-a-sports-dietitian-may-lead-to-improved-performance-and-recovery-of-ncaa-division-i-baseball-athletes
#16
Michael V Hull, Jonathan Neddo, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to survey dietary habits (DH) and nutrient timing (NT) practices of baseball student-athletes (mean ± SD; 20.7 ± 1.4 yr.) from three NCAA Division I institutions, and examine the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) in regard to nutrition practices. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and Pearson X(2) analyses were run. Responses on 10 DH and 5 NT items differed (p ≤ 0.10) between athletes who sought dietary planning from a SD (n = 36) versus those who consulted a strength and conditioning coach (SCC, n = 42)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811652/sources-of-variability-in-childhood-obesity-indicators-and-related-behaviors
#17
P T Katzmarzyk, S T Broyles, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, G Hu, E V Lambert, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, V Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke
The purpose of this study was to describe sources of variability in obesity-related variables in 6022 children aged 9-11 y from 12 countries. The study design involved recruitment of students, nested within schools, which were nested within study sites. Height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured and BMI was calculated; sleep duration and total and in-school moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time were measured by accelerometry; and diet scores were obtained by questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811395/overview-and-reflections-of-a-new-experimental-community-pharmacy-internship-module-for-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-in-western-nepal
#18
Sangita Timsina, Bhuvan K C, Dristi Adhikari, Alian A Alrasheedy, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Atisammodavardhana Kaundinnyayana
The community pharmacies in Nepal and other South Asian countries is in a mediocre state due to poor regulation and the pharmacies being run by people with short training on dispensing. This has led to inappropriate use of medicines. The problem due to poor regulation and mediocre state of community pharmacies in South Asia encompasses both academia and practice. In this paper, the two-week community pharmacy internship programme of the two pharmacy graduating students of Pokhara University (Nepalese public university) at Sankalpa Pharmacy, Pokhara, Nepal is illustrated...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811337/first-person-dougall-norris
#19
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Dougall Norris is co-first author on 'An improved Akt reporter reveals intra- and intercellular heterogeneity and oscillations in signal transduction', published in Journal of Cell Science. Dougall is a PhD student in the Metabolic Systems Biology Group at The University of Sydney Charles Perkins Centre in Australia, where his project focuses on live-cell imaging, multiplexing fluorescent constructs and imaging modalities, coupled with powerful computational analysis...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811072/evolution-of-hemoglobin-loci-and-their-regulatory-elements
#20
REVIEW
Sjaak Philipsen, Ross C Hardison
Across the expanse of vertebrate evolution, each species produces multiple forms of hemoglobin in erythroid cells at appropriate times and in the proper amounts. The multiple hemoglobins are encoded in two globin gene clusters in almost all species. One globin gene cluster, linked to the gene NPRL3, is preserved in all vertebrates, including a gene cluster encoding the highly divergent globins from jawless vertebrates. This preservation of synteny may reflect the presence of a powerful enhancer of globin gene expression in the NPRL3 gene...
August 9, 2017: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
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