keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

embryoid body

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155741/directed-differentiation-of-primitive-and-definitive-hematopoietic-progenitors-from-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#1
Carissa Dege, Christopher M Sturgeon
One of the major goals for regenerative medicine is the generation and maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) derived from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs). Until recently, efforts to differentiate hPSCs into HSCs have predominantly generated hematopoietic progenitors that lack HSC potential, and instead resemble yolk sac hematopoiesis. These resulting hematopoietic progenitors may have limited utility for in vitro disease modeling of various adult hematopoietic disorders, particularly those of the lymphoid lineages...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150092/generation-of-integration-free-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-lines-derived-from-two-patients-with-x-linked-alport-syndrome-xlas
#2
Bernd Kuebler, Begoña Aran, Laia Miquel-Serra, Yolanda Muñoz, Elisabet Ars, Gemma Bullich, Monica Furlano, Roser Torra, Merce Marti, Anna Veiga, Angel Raya
Skin biopsies were obtained from two male patients with X-linked Alport syndrome (XLAS) with hemizygous COL4A5 mutations in exon 41 or exon 46. Dermal fibroblasts were extracted and reprogrammed by nucleofection with episomal plasmids carrying OCT3/4, SOX2, KLF4 LIN28, L-MYC and p53 shRNA. The generated induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (iPSC) lines AS-FiPS2-Ep6F-28 and AS-FiPS3-Ep6F-9 were free of genomically integrated reprogramming genes, had the specific mutations, a stable karyotype, expressed pluripotency markers and generated embryoid bodies which were differentiated towards the three germ layers in vitro...
September 9, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145128/microgravity-simulation-activates-cdc42-via-rap1gds1-to-promote-vascular-branch-morphogenesis-during-vasculogenesis
#3
Shouli Wang, Zhao Yin, Bei Zhao, Yanmei Qi, Jie Liu, Saum A Rahimi, Leonard Y Lee, Shaohua Li
Gravity plays an important role in normal tissue maintenance. The ability of stem cells to repair tissue loss in space through regeneration and differentiation remains largely unknown. To investigate the impact of microgravity on blood vessel formation from pluripotent stem cells, we employed the embryoid body (EB) model for vasculogenesis and simulated microgravity by clinorotation. We first differentiated mouse embryonic stem cells into cystic EBs containing two germ layers and then analyzed vessel formation under clinorotation...
November 7, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143989/nanos2-promotes-differentiation-of-chicken-gallus-gallus-embryonic-stem-cells-to-male-germ-cells
#4
Zhang Wenhui, Bi Yulin, Wang Yingjie, Li Dong, He Nana, Wang Man, Jin Jing, Zuo Qisheng, Zhang Yani, Li Bichun
Nanos2 is an evolutionarily conserved RNA-binding protein containing 2 CCHC-type zinc finger motives. Here, we report that Nanos2 is strongly expressed in the testis compared to other tissues in chicken (Gallus gallus). Overexpression and knockout plasmid vectors were constructed, and in-vitro Cas9/gRNA digestion and T7 endonuclease I (T7E1) assay indicated that Nanos2-g1 possessed the highest knockout activity. In vitro and in vivo, Nanos2 overexpression accelerated the production of embryoid bodies (EBs) and SSC-like cells and promoted cvh, c-kit and integrin α6 expression...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140570/rapid-screening-of-the-endodermal-differentiation-potential-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#5
Richard Siller, Gareth J Sullivan
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) hold tremendous promise for regenerative medicine, disease modeling, toxicology screening, and developmental biology. These applications are hindered due to inherent differences in differentiation potential observed among different hPSC lines. This is particularly true for the differentiation of hPSCs toward the endodermal lineage. Several groups have developed methods to screen hPSCs for their endodermal differentiation potential (EP). Particularly notable studies include (i) the use of WNT3A expression as a predictive biomarker, (ii) an embryoid body-based screen, and (iii) a transcriptomics-based approach...
November 15, 2017: Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139614/human-dental-stem-cell-derived-transgene-free-ipscs-generate-functional-neurons-via-embryoid-body-mediated-and-direct-induction-methods
#6
Ikbale El Ayachi, Jun Zhang, Xiao-Ying Zou, Zongdong Yu, Wei Wei, Kristen M S O'Connell, George T-J Huang
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) give rise to neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs), serving as a good source for neural regeneration. Here, we established transgene-free (TF) iPSCs from dental stem cells (DSCs) and determined their capacity to differentiate into functional neurons in vitro. Generated TF iPSCs from stem cells of apical papilla (SCAP) and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) underwent two methods -- embryoid body (EB)-mediated and direct induction, to guide TF-DSC iPSCs along with H9 or H9 Syn-GFP (human embryonic stem cells) into functional neurons in vitro...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137434/involment-of-ras-erk1-2-signaling-and-mef2c-in-mir-155-3p-inhibition-triggered-cardiomyocyte-differentiation-of-embryonic-stem-cell
#7
Xiang Ling, Dongbo Yao, Lumei Kang, Jing Zhou, Ying Zhou, Hui Dong, Keping Zhang, Lei Zhang, Hongping Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, noncoding RNAs that regulate post-transcriptional gene expression by targeting messenger RNAs (mRNAs) for cleavage or translational repression. Growing evidence indicates that miR-155 expression changes with the development of heart and plays an important role in heart physiopathology. However, the role of miR-155 in cardiac cells differentiation is unclear. Using the well-established embryonic stem cell (ESC), we demonstrated that miR-155-3p expression was down-regulated during cardiogenesis from mouse ESC...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136563/generation-of-human-ipsc-line-from-a-patient-with-laterality-defects-and-associated-congenital-heart-anomalies-carrying-a-dand5-missense-alteration
#8
Fernando Cristo, José M Inácio, Graça Rosas, Isabel Marques Carreira, Joana Barbosa Melo, Luís Pereira de Almeida, Patrícia Mendes, Duarte Saraiva Martins, José Maio, Rui Anjos, José A Belo
A human iPSC line was generated from exfoliated renal epithelial (ERE) cells of a patient affected with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) and Laterality Defects carrying tshe variant p.R152H in the DAND5 gene. The transgene-free iPSCs were generated with the human OSKM transcription factor using the Sendai-virus reprogramming system. The established iPSC line had the specific heterozygous alteration, a stable karyotype, expressed pluripotency markers and generated embryoid bodies that can differentiate towards the three germ layers in vitro...
October 31, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133394/role-of-estrogen-receptor-beta-in-neural-differentiation-of-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#9
Mukesh K Varshney, José Inzunza, Diana Lupu, Vaidheeswaran Ganapathy, Per Antonson, Joëlle Rüegg, Ivan Nalvarte, Jan-Åke Gustafsson
The ability to propagate mature cells and tissue from pluripotent stem cells offers enormous promise for treating many diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases. Before such cells can be used successfully in neurodegenerative diseases without causing unwanted cell growth and migration, genes regulating growth and migration of neural stem cells need to be well characterized. Estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is essential for migration of neurons and glial cells in the developing mouse brain. To examine whether ERβ influences differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESC) into neural lineages, we compared control and ERβ knockout (BERKO) mESCs at defined stages of neural development and examined the effects of an ERβ-selective ligand (LY3201) with a combination of global and targeted gene-expression profiling and the expression of key pluripotency markers...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115387/generation-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-from-burn-patient-derived-skin-fibroblasts-using-a-non-integrative-method
#10
Shangfeng Fu, Jianwu Ding, Dewu Liu, Heping Huang, Min Li, Yang Liu, Longxiang Tu, Deming Liu
Patient specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have been recognized as a possible source of cells for skin tissue engineering. They have the potential to greatly benefit patients with large areas of burned skin or skin defects. However, the integration virus-based reprogramming method is associated with a high risk of genetic mutation and mouse embryonic fibroblast feeder-cells may be a pollutant. In the present study, human skin fibroblasts (HSFs) were successfully harvested from patients with burns and patient-specific iPSCs were generated using a non-integration method with a feeder-free approach...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107593/escape-from-pluripotency-via-inhibition-of-tgf-%C3%AE-bmp-and-activation-of-wnt-signaling-accelerates-differentiation-and-aging-in-hpsc-progeny-cells
#11
Koki Fujimori, Takuya Matsumoto, Fumihiko Kisa, Nobutaka Hattori, Hideyuki Okano, Wado Akamatsu
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) represent a potentially valuable cell source for applications in cell replacement therapy, drug development, and disease modeling. For all these uses, it is necessary to develop reproducible and robust protocols for differentiation into desired cell types. However, differentiation protocols remain unstable and inefficient, which makes minimizing the differentiation variance among hPSC lines and obtaining purified terminally differentiated cells extremely time consuming. Here, we report a simple treatment with three small molecules-SB431542, dorsomorphine, and CHIR99021-that enhanced hPSC differentiation into three germ layers with a chemically transitional embryoid-body-like state (CTraS)...
November 14, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107591/naked-mole-rat-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-and-their-contribution-to-interspecific-chimera
#12
Sang-Goo Lee, Aleksei E Mikhalchenko, Sun Hee Yim, Alexei V Lobanov, Jin-Kyu Park, Kwang-Hwan Choi, Roderick T Bronson, Chang-Kyu Lee, Thomas J Park, Vadim N Gladyshev
Naked mole rats (NMRs) are exceptionally long-lived, cancer-resistant rodents. Identifying the defining characteristics of these traits may shed light on aging and cancer mechanisms. Here, we report the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from NMR fibroblasts and their contribution to mouse-NMR chimeric embryos. Efficient reprogramming could be observed under N2B27+2i conditions. The iPSCs displayed a characteristic morphology, expressed pluripotent markers, formed embryoid bodies, and showed typical differentiation patterns...
November 14, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106744/germ-cell-tumor-growth-patterns-originating-from-clear-cell-carcinomas-of-the-ovary-and-endometrium-a-comparative-immunohistochemical-study-favouring-their-origin-from-somatic-stem-cells
#13
F F Nogales, J Prat, M Schuldt, N Cruz-Viruel, B Kau, E D'Angelo, X Matias-Guiu, A Vidal, W G McCluggage, J W Oosterhuis
AIMS: To report a series of 11 ovarian and one endometrial neoplasm in elderly patients with mixed clear cell tumour and germ cell tumour (GCT) components, to compare their immunohistochemical and demonstrate a putative stem cell population. METHODS AND RESULTS: The clear cell tumours included 11 clear cell carcinomas (CCC) and 1 borderline clear cell tumour, while the GCT always included glandular yolk sac tumour (YST). In 4 cases, there were also foci of teratoma with immature neuroepithelial and endodermal tissues, and undifferentiated areas showing true embryoids...
November 6, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103146/rna-cytosine-methyltransferase-nsun3-regulates-embryonic-stem-cell-differentiation-by-promoting-mitochondrial-activity
#14
Lukas Trixl, Thomas Amort, Alexandra Wille, Manuela Zinni, Susanne Ebner, Clara Hechenberger, Felix Eichin, Hanna Gabriel, Ines Schoberleitner, Anming Huang, Paolo Piatti, Roxana Nat, Jakob Troppmair, Alexandra Lusser
Chemical modifications of RNA have been attracting increasing interest because of their impact on RNA fate and function. Therefore, the characterization of enzymes catalyzing such modifications is of great importance. The RNA cytosine methyltransferase NSUN3 was recently shown to generate 5-methylcytosine in the anticodon loop of mitochondrial tRNA(Met). Further oxidation of this position is required for normal mitochondrial translation and function in human somatic cells. Because embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are less dependent on oxidative phosphorylation than somatic cells, we examined the effects of catalytic inactivation of Nsun3 on self-renewal and differentiation potential of murine ESCs...
November 4, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090280/trim33-regulates-early-maturation-of-mouse-embryoid-bodies-in-vitro
#15
Sudha Rajderkar, Christopher Panaretos, Vesa Kaartinen
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are an established model for investigating developmental processes, disease conditions, tissue regeneration and therapeutic targets. Previous studies have shown that tripartite motif-containing 33 protein (Trim33) functions as a chromatin reader during Nodal-induced mesoderm induction. Here we report that despite reduced proliferation, mouse ESCs deficient in Trim33 remained pluripotent when cultured under non-differentiating conditions. However, when induced to differentiate to embryoid bodies (EBs), the mutant cultures showed increased cell shedding and apoptosis at day 3 of differentiation...
December 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080444/murine-pluripotent-stem-cells-with-a-homozygous-knockout-of-foxg1-show-reduced-differentiation-towards-cortical-progenitors-in-vitro
#16
Eva Maria Mall, Doris Herrmann, Heiner Niemann
Foxg1 is a transcription factor critical for the development of the mammalian telencephalon. Foxg1 controls the proliferation of dorsal telencephalon progenitors and the specification of the ventral telencephalon. Homozygous knockout of Foxg1 in mice leads to severe microcephaly, attributed to premature differentiation of telencephalic progenitors, mainly of cortical progenitors. Here, we analyzed the influence of a Foxg1 knockout on differentiation of murine pluripotent stem cells (mPSCs) in an in vitro model of neuronal development...
October 19, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070799/controlled-self-assembly-of-stem-cell-aggregates-instructs-pluripotency-and-lineage-bias
#17
Angela W Xie, Bernard Y K Binder, Andrew S Khalil, Samantha K Schmitt, Hunter J Johnson, Nicholas A Zacharias, William L Murphy
Stem cell-derived organoids and other 3D microtissues offer enormous potential as models for drug screening, disease modeling, and regenerative medicine. Formation of stem/progenitor cell aggregates is common in biomanufacturing processes and critical to many organoid approaches. However, reproducibility of current protocols is limited by reliance on poorly controlled processes (e.g., spontaneous aggregation). Little is known about the effects of aggregation parameters on cell behavior, which may have implications for the production of cell aggregates and organoids...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057906/distinct-retinoic-acid-receptor-rar-isotypes-control-differentiation-of-embryonal-carcinoma-cells-to-dopaminergic-or-striatopallidal-medium-spiny-neurons
#18
Anna Podleśny-Drabiniok, Joanna Sobska, Angel R de Lera, Krystyna Gołembiowska, Katarzyna Kamińska, Pascal Dollé, Małgorzata Cebrat, Wojciech Krężel
Embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells are pluripotent stem cells extensively used for studies of cell differentiation. Although retinoic acid (RA) is a powerful inducer of neurogenesis in EC cells, it is not clear what specific neuronal subtypes are generated and whether different RAR isotypes may contribute to such neuronal diversification. Here we show that RA treatment during EC embryoid body formation is a highly robust protocol for generation of striatal-like GABAergic neurons which display molecular characteristics of striatopallidal medium spiny neurons (MSNs), including expression of functional dopamine D2 receptor...
October 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047260/gsk-j4-mediated-transcriptomic-alterations-in-differentiating-embryoid-bodies
#19
Chanchal Mandal, Sun Hwa Kim, Sung Chul Kang, Jin Choul Chai, Young Seek Lee, Kyoung Hwa Jung, Young Gyu Chai
Histone-modifying enzymes are key players in the field of cellular differentiation. Here, we used GSK-J4 to profile important target genes that are responsible for neural differentiation. Embryoid bodies were treated with retinoic acid (10 μM) to induce neural differentiation in the presence or absence of GSK-J4. To profile GSKJ4-target genes, we performed RNA sequencing for both normal and demethylase-inhibited cells. A total of 47 and 58 genes were up- and down-regulated, respectively, after GSK-J4 exposure at a log2-fold-change cut-off value of 1...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037816/in-vitro-segregation-and-isolation-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-neural-crest-cells
#20
Sabine Münst, Philipp Koch, Jaideep Kesavan, Michael Alexander-Mays, Bernhard Münst, Sandra Blaess, Oliver Brüstle
The neural crest (NC) is a transient embryonic cell population with remarkable characteristics. After delaminating from the neural tube, NC cells (NCCs) migrate extensively, populate nearly every tissue of the body and differentiate into highly diverse cell types such as peripheral neurons and glia, but also mesenchymal cells including chondrocytes, osteocytes, and adipocytes. While the NC has been extensively studied in several animal models, little is known about human NC development. A number of methods have been established to derive NCCs in vitro from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC)...
October 13, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
keyword
keyword
67588
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"