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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779437/procalcitonin-and-c-reactive-protein-as-markers-of-infection-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-the-controversy-continues
#1
E El-Serougy, H S Zayed, N M Ibrahim, L A Maged
Objective The objective of this paper is to investigate the utility of serum procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) as markers of infection in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Patients and methods Sixty-nine SLE patients with symptoms and signs of infection proved by culture and/or a favorable response to antibiotics and 69 SLE patients without infection were included. Serum PCT and plasma high-sensitivity CRP were assessed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results SLE patients with infection had a significantly higher level of CRP than those without infection ((median (IQR) 104...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778819/detection-of-tem-and-ctx-m-genes-from-ciprofloxacin-resistant-proteus-mirabilis-and-escherichia-coli-isolated-on-urinary-tract-infections-utis
#2
Govindan Rajivgandhi, Muthuchamy Maruthupandy, Natesan Manoharan
The multidrug resistant Gram negative bacteria (MDRGNB) is an emerging burden and now represents a daily challenge for the management of antimicrobial therapy in healthcare settings. The present study was aimed to detect the prevalence of TEM and CTX-M type genes from GNB on urinary tract infection (UTIs). The ciprofloxacin resistant uropathogens were detected by HEXA UTI 5 disc diffusion method. The phenotypic detection of uropathogens producing extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBLs) was confirmed by double disc combination (DDCT) and phenotype confirmation methods (PCT)...
May 17, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777476/comparison-of-procalcitonin-a-potentially-new-inflammatory-biomarker-of-frailty-to-interleukin-6-and-c-reactive-protein-among-older-chinese-hospitalized-patients
#3
Ying Yang, Qiukui Hao, Joseph H Flaherty, Li Cao, Jianghua Zhou, Li Su, Yanjiao Shen, Birong Dong
AIM: Procalcitonin (PCT) has predictive value for patients with infectious diseases, but has not been studied in frailty. The purpose of this study was to compare PCT to two other inflammatory biomarkers [interleukin-6 (IL-6)] and C-reactive protein (CRP) in their association with frailty among older hospitalized patients. METHODS: Retrospective study of inpatients (June-December, 2016), who had all three biomarkers measured within 24 h of admission. Frailty was defined according to the Chinese version of a validated frailty scale...
May 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777383/predictive-value-of-pct-and-il-6-for-bacterial-infection-in-children-with-cancer-and-febrile-neutropenia
#4
Hilde T van der Galiën, Erik A H Loeffen, Karin G E Miedema, Wim J E Tissing
PURPOSE: Only a third of children with cancer and febrile neutropenia (FN) have a proven bacterial infection; nevertheless, most children are hospitalized and treated with intravenous antibiotics. Several biomarkers have been proposed as predictive markers for bacterial infection in this population. We aimed to evaluate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and procalcitonin (PCT) in diagnosing bacterial infection in children with cancer and FN. METHODS: The study population was derived from a prospective database (2006-2013, IL-8 study) comprising children with cancer who presented with FN...
May 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774528/slc40a1-and-cp-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-porphyria-cutanea-tarda-patients-of-mixed-ancestry
#5
Isabella Brasil Succi, Luís Cristóvão Pôrto, Dayse Silva, Adriana Nascimento, Ronald Costa Neto, João Carlos Fonseca
Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) is a multifactorial disease; clinical expression depends on both genetic and acquired factors. Few studies have examined the connection between PCT and the regulation of iron metabolism genes other than the HFE gene. We selected five polymorphisms in the CYBRD1, CP, SLC40A1, and HAMP genes to determine whether these polymorphisms can act as genetic modulators in patients with sporadic PCT. None of the 29 patients carried the C282Y mutation. Genomic DNA from 29 PCT patients was isolated...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770551/implementing-community-participation-via-interdisciplinary-teams-in-primary-care-an-irish-case-study-in-practice
#6
Edel Tierney, Rachel McEvoy, Ailish Hannigan, Anne E MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Community participation in primary care is enshrined in international and Irish health policy. However, there is a lack of evidence about how stakeholders work collectively to implement community participation within interdisciplinary teams; community perspectives are rarely captured, and a theoretical underpinning for implementation of community participation in primary care is absent. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a theoretically informed, multiperspectival empirical analysis of the implementation of community participation via primary care teams (PCTs) in Ireland...
May 16, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770240/diagnosis-and-prediction-of-periodontally-compromised-teeth-using-a-deep-learning-based-convolutional-neural-network-algorithm
#7
Jae-Hong Lee, Do-Hyung Kim, Seong-Nyum Jeong, Seong-Ho Choi
Purpose: The aim of the current study was to develop a computer-assisted detection system based on a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm and to evaluate the potential usefulness and accuracy of this system for the diagnosis and prediction of periodontally compromised teeth (PCT). Methods: Combining pretrained deep CNN architecture and a self-trained network, periapical radiographic images were used to determine the optimal CNN algorithm and weights...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768131/a-new-scoring-system-to-predict-blood-stream-infections-in-patients-with-complicated-intra-abdominal-infections-experience-from-a-tertiary-referral-hospital-in-china
#8
Jinjian Huang, Jianan Ren, Luise Brakert, Jiao Jiao, Qinjie Liu, Gefei Wang, Xiuwen Wu, Steven W M Olde Damink
BACKGROUND: This purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of blood stream infections (BSIs) on the prognosis of patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) and to make predictions based on patients' characteristics on admission. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty-seven patients with complicated IAI in 2014 and 2015 were included in our retrospective analysis, except for those diagnosed with central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSIs)...
May 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764552/-construction-of-death-early-warning-model-for-patients-with-septic-myocardial-depression-a-retrospective-analysis-of-129-patients
#9
Jianping Huang, Yangqing Zhou, Haifen Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the death risk factors of septic myocardial depression (SMD) and their predictive effect, and to set up a death early-warning model. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. The patients with SMD admitted to emergency department and rescue room of Beilun Branch of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical College from January 2015 to November 2017 were enrolled. The patients were divided into survival group and non-survival group according to 28-day outcome, and the gender, age, and the initial examination parameters [white blood cell (WBC) count, neutrophil (Neut) count, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), procalcitonin (PCT), D-dimer, C-reactive protein (CRP), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), and left atrium diameter (LAD)] of both groups were compared...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762845/peritoneal-dialysis-effectively-removes-toxic-substances-and-improves-liver-functions-of-liver-failure-patients
#10
W-X Zhao, X-M Liu, C-M Yu, H Xu, J-R Dai, H-Y Chen, L Li, F Chen, Y-L Ou, Z-K Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Liver failure (LF) is a clinically complex disorder that characterizes with hepatic dysfunction. This study aimed at observing the therapeutic effects of peritoneal dialysis on liver function in LF patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study involves 62 patients diagnosed as LF hospitalized from February 2005 to December 2016. The 62 LF patients were randomly divided into 3 groups, including artificial liver applying plasma exchange group (PE, n = 28), peritoneal dialysis group (PD, n = 22), and conservative treatment group (CT, n=12)...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760745/diagnostic-value-of-decoy-receptor-3-combined-with-procalcitonin-and-soluble-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-receptor-for-sepsis
#11
Jing-Jing Zhao, Xiao-Li Lou, Hong-Wei Chen, Feng-Ting Zhu, Yan-Qiang Hou
The levels of decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), soluble urokinase type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) and procalcitonin (PCT) are significantly increased in sepsis. We investigated the diagnostic value of DcR3 combined with suPAR and PCT in sepsis. Patients with sepsis, non-infectious systemic inflammatory response comprehensive syndrome (SIRS) and healthy controls were recruited according to the diagnostic standard. We measured DcR3, suPAR, PCT, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP), and the diagnostic value was evaluated by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves...
2018: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759618/real-world-evaluation-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-patients-with-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-conditional-pacemaker-system-results-of-4-year-prospective-follow-up-in-2-629-patients
#12
Brian D Williamson, Douglas C Gohn, Brian M Ramza, Balbir Singh, Yan Zhong, Shelby Li, Liesa Shanahan
OBJECTIVES: This global, multicenter, prospective study, initiated to meet U.S. Food and Drug Administration condition-of-approval requirements, evaluated the safety and efficacy of the Medtronic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-conditional pacing system when used in an MRI environment in routine clinical practice. The primary endpoint was MRI-related complications. The secondary endpoint was the cumulative change in pacing capture threshold (PCT) for patients undergoing multiple MRI scans...
November 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753321/influence-of-pathogen-and-focus-of-infection-on-procalcitonin-values-in-sepsis-patients-with-bacteremia-or-candidemia
#13
Daniel O Thomas-Rüddel, Bernhard Poidinger, Matthias Kott, Manfred Weiss, Konrad Reinhart, Frank Bloos
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of procalcitonin (PCT) serum concentrations to diagnose Gram-negative bacteremia and the association of PCT serum concentrations with more specific pathogens and the focus of infection. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the prospectively collected patient-level dataset from a cluster randomized quality improvement trial was performed. The trial included sepsis patients with organ dysfunction treated in the participating intensive care units from 2011 to 2015...
May 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752673/lead-exposure-is-associated-with-risk-of-impaired-coagulation-in-preschool-children-from-an-e-waste-recycling-area
#14
Zhijun Zeng, Xia Huo, Yu Zhang, Zhehong Xiao, Yuling Zhang, Xijin Xu
Environmental lead exposure leads to various deleterious effects on multiple organs and systems, including the hematopoietic system. To explore the effects of lead exposure on platelet indices in preschool children from an informal, lead-contaminated electronic waste (e-waste) recycling area, we collected venous blood samples from 466 preschool children (331 from an e-waste area (Guiyu) and 135 from a non-e-waste area (Haojiang)). Child blood lead levels (BLLs) were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry, while platelet indices were quantified using a Sysmex XT-1800i hematology analyzer...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752157/evaluation-of-a-novel-software-application-for-magnetic-resonance-distortion-correction-in-cranial-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#15
Juan-Francisco Calvo-Ortega, José Mateos, Ángel Alberich, Sandra Moragues, Juan-José Acebes, Sol San José, Joan Casals
This study aimed to validate a novel commercially available software for correcting spatial distortion in cranial magnetic resonance (MR) images. This software has been used to assess the dosimetric impact of MR distortion in stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatments of vestibular schwannomas (VSs). Five MR datasets were intentionally distorted. Each distorted MR dataset was corrected using the Cranial Distortion software, obtaining a new corrected MR dataset (MRcorr). The accuracy of the correction was quantified by calculating the target registration error (TRE) for 6 anatomical landmarks identified in the co-registered MRcorr and planning computed tomography (pCT) images...
May 8, 2018: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751676/novel-guanidine-compound-against-multidrug-resistant-cystic-fibrosis-associated-bacterial-species
#16
Aamer Saeed, Alejandra Bosch, Marisa Bettiol, Diana L Nossa González, Mauricio Federico Erben, Yanina Lamberti
Chronic pulmonary infection is a hallmark of lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF). Infections dominated by non-fermentative Gram-negative bacilli are particularly difficult to treat and highlight an urgent need for the development of new class of agents to combat these infections. In this work, a small library comprising thiourea and guanidine derivatives with low molecular weight was designed; these derivatives were studied as antimicrobial agents against Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and a panel of drug-resistant clinical isolates recovered from patients with CF...
May 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750336/relapse-of-porphyria-cutanea-tarda-after-treatment-with-phlebotomy-or-4-aminoquinoline-antimalarial-a-meta-analysis
#17
H Salameh, H Sarairah, M Rizwan, Y-F Kuo, K E Anderson, A K Singal
INTRODUCTION: Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT), the most common human porphyria, due to hepatic deficiency of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (UROD) activity, which is acquired in the presence of multiple susceptibility factors. PCT presents clinically with cutaneous blistering photosensitivity and is readily treatable with either repeated phlebotomy or 4-aminoquinoline antimalarial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the effectiveness of these quite different treatment approaches, especially on relapse rates after achieving remission...
May 11, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747317/-value-of-procalcitonin-in-predicting-the-severity-and-prognosis-of-neonates-with-septicemia
#18
J Zhang, D Qu, X X Ren, X D Cui, J Fu
Objective: To explore the value of procalcitonin(PCT) in predicting the severity and prognosis of neonates with septicemia. Methods: The clinical data of the hospitalized neonates over the age of 72 hours with double positive blood cultures from December 1st, 2011 to September 30, 2017 at the neonatal intensive care unit of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics was analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 75 neonates were included in the study. There was a significant negative correlation between PCT and neonatal critical illness score ( r =-0...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743951/palliative-chemotherapy-outcomes-in-patients-with-ecog-ps-higher-than-1
#19
Rafael Caires-Lima, Karolina Cayres, Bruno Protásio, Inacelli Caires, Júlia Andrade, Lucila Rocha, Tiago Kenji Takahashi, Paulo M Hoff, Gilberto de Castro, Milena Perez Mak
Purpose: Although patients with incurable disease and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG-PS ≥ 2) are underrepresented in clinical trials, they are frequently offered palliative chemotherapy (pCT) in daily clinical practice in order to improve symptoms and quality of life. In this case-control retrospective analysis, our goal was to identify factors associated with poorer survival and lack of benefit of pCT in this population. Patients and methods: We evaluated 2,514 patients who died between August 2011 and July 2012 in an academic cancer care institution and its hospice...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739069/association-between-vitamin-d-status-and-sepsis
#20
Wei Zhou, Song Mao, Liangxia Wu, Jun Yu
BACKGROUND: It is well-established that vitamin D status is closely associated with the susceptibility to infections. We aimed to study the association between vitamin D status and sepsis risk and death, and also analyzed the correlation between vitamin D level and sepsis-related factors. METHODS: We searched the articles regarding the association between vitamin D level and sepsis through May 2017 in electronic databases. We pooled the data and analyzed the association between vitamin D level and sepsis risk, death, and albumin (ALB), mortality, body mass index (BMI), procalcitonin (PCT), male/female ratio, interleukin-6 (IL-6), platelet (PLT), c-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
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