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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640793/intraoperative-computed-tomography-ct-for-treating-giant-carotid-intracavernous-aneurysms
#1
Zhe Xue, Fuyu Wang, Zhenghui Sun, Hui Zhang, Chen Wu, Dongsheng Kong, Bainan Xu
BACKGROUND Giant carotid intracavernous aneurysm refers to those lesions larger than 2.5 cm and derived from a cavernous segment, accounting for about 30% of all intracranial tumors. Dynamic CT perfusion imaging (PCT) is a common method recently employed to evaluate cerebral perfusion. This study investigated the efficacy and clinical application of intraoperative CT in the surgery for giant symptomatic carotid intracavernous aneurysm. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed on 23 cases with giant symptomatic carotid intracavernous aneurysm...
June 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634198/the-effect-of-sustained-virological-response-on-the-risk-of-extrahepatic-manifestations-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#2
Parag Mahale, Eric A Engels, Ruosha Li, Harrys A Torres, Lu-Yu Hwang, Eric L Brown, Jennifer R Kramer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Chronic HCV infection is associated with several extrahepatic manifestations (EHMs). Data on the effect of sustained virological response (SVR) on the risk of EHMs are limited. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data of patients from the US Veterans Affairs HCV Clinical Case Registry who had a positive HCV RNA test (10/1999-08/2009). Patients receiving interferon-based antiviral therapy (AVT) were identified. SVR was defined as negative HCV RNA at least 12 weeks after end of AVT...
June 20, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633739/autoimmune-progesterone-dermatitis-presenting-as-fixed-drug-eruption-a-case-report
#3
Raya Mokhtari, Mozhdeh Sepaskhah, Fatemeh Sari Aslani, Ladan Dastgheib
Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis (APD) is a rare disorder characterized by periodic skin lesions that erupt during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Clinical manifestations of APD is caused by an unusual allergy to progesterone and has a wide range of clinical manifestations from eczema and urticaria to angioedema and erythema multiforme. A 46-year-old woman described recurrent, round erythematous plaques on the lower lip, both forearms and buttocks. These skin eruptions waxed and waned for 10 months, reoccurring 3-4 days before menstruation...
June 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628219/application-of-swath-proteomics-to-mouse-biology
#4
Yibo Wu, Evan G Williams, Ruedi Aebersold
The quantitative measurement of the proteome has been shown to yield new insights into physiology and cell biology that cannot be determined from the genome and transcriptome because the quantitative relationship between transcriptome and proteome is complex. MS-based proteomics techniques, such as SWATH-MS, have recently advanced to the point at which they may be reliably applied by biologists who are not specialists in mass spectrometry. Here we provide standard protocols for preparation of tissue samples for input into the SWATH-MS analytical pipeline...
June 19, 2017: Current Protocols in Mouse Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627430/kinetic-of-eosinophil-count-during-bacterial-infection-revisiting-an-old-marker-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-antimicrobial-therapy
#5
B Davido, S Makhloufi, M Matt, R Calin, O Senard, C Perronne, A Dinh, J Salomon
INTRODUCTION: Eosinopenia has been in the centre of debates for decades as a criterion of sepsis. Depending on authors, different cut-off values are proposed. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study, from February to August 2016, of hospitalized adults suffering from bacterial infection with eosinopenia defined by an eosinophil count <100/mm(3). Patients were divided into 2 groups considering the first day of effective antimicrobial therapy. They were observed during 5days (D) in order to evaluate whether recovery from eosinopenia was predictive of an appropriate antibiotic regimen...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625265/-protective-effect-of-curcumin-on-hepatocytes-in-rats-with-sepsis
#6
Haiyan Yin, Minshan Qiu, Dan He, Rui Zhang, Pei Tao, Yanwen Liang, Yuegui Yang, Yanqi Guo, Xiaoling Ye
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of curcumin on hepatocytes in rats with sepsis. METHODS: Eighty healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, sepsis group, Xuebijing group and curcumin group (20 rats in each group) according to the random number table method. The animal model of sepsis was established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). In the sham operation group, the cecum was removed only after the operation...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625262/-predictive-value-of-sofa-score-combined-agi-grading-system-in-elderly-patients-with-sepsis-a-retrospective-analysis-with-91-patients
#7
Lingling Wang, Rui Chen, Zexun Mo, Jiahui Dong, Zhaokun Sun, Fei Xiao, Shaoting Hu, Richeng Xiong, Jie Sun, Zhou Yu, Zhenhui Guo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive value of sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score combined the acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) grading system in critical elderly patients with sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. Elderly patients with sepsis aged > 60 years admitted to medical intensive care unit (MICU) of General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command from March 2014 to December 2015 and experiencing critical care over 48 hours were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625261/-formulation-of-combined-predictive-indicators-using-logistic-regression-model-in-predicting-sepsis-and-prognosis
#8
Liwei Duan, Sheng Zhang, Zhaofen Lin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the method and performance of using multiple indices to diagnose sepsis and to predict the prognosis of severe ill patients. METHODS: Critically ill patients at first admission to intensive care unit (ICU) of Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, from January 2014 to September 2015 were enrolled if the following conditions were satisfied: (1) patients were 18-75 years old; (2) the length of ICU stay was more than 24 hours; (3) All records of the patients were available...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625258/-plasma-level-of-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-in-septic-patients-and-its-clinical-significance-a-prospective-observational-study
#9
Fangxiao Zhang, Zhidan Zhang, Xiaochun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) level in plasma of sepsis patients and judge its clinical value for early diagnosing of sepsis. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. The patients after surgery aged > 18 years and expected to stay in the ICU > 24 hours admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from November 2014 to February 2015 were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625255/-effect-of-vitamin-d3-on-the-severity-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-sepsis-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-study
#10
Fulai Ding, Bin Zang, Jiahong Fu, Kaiqiang Ji
OBJECTIVE: To observe the relationship between vitamin D3 and the severity as well as prognosis in patients with sepsis, and to explore whether exogenous vitamin D3 can improve the prognosis in patients with sepsis. METHODS: A prospective randomized double-blind placebo study was conducted. Fifty-seven patients with sepsis admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University from March to November in 2015 were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625236/-eosinophil-could-predict-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-bloodstream-infection-a-retrospective-analysis-of-305-cases
#11
Duan Guo, Chao Jia, Hang Su
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of peripheral blood for the prognosis of patients with bloodstream infection. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with bloodstream infection was conducted in the intensive care unit (ICU) of Mianyang Central Hospital of Sichuan from January 2012 to October 2016. According to the 28-day survival, the patients were divided into survival group and death group. The white blood cell (WBC), neutrophils count (NEU), lymphocyte count (LYM), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte count (MO), eosinophil count (EO), basophil count (BA), hemoglobin (Hb), platelet count (PLT) and procalcitonin (PCT) in peripheral blood were recorded when patients were diagnosed with blood infection...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625234/-effect-of-global-end-diastolic-volume-index-guidance-fluid-resuscitation-in-elderly-patients-with-septic-shock
#12
Shuang Ma, Rumin Zhang, Shifu Wang, Meiling Zhao, Lei Wang, Yun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of global end diastolic volume index (GEDVI) on fluid resuscitation in elderly patients with septic shock. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Septic shock patients over 65 years admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shandong Province, Zibo Central Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 20 cases in each group...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625233/-elevation-of-red-cell-distribution-width-during-hospitalization-predicts-mortality-in-patients-with-sepsis
#13
Yan Gong, Xianming Long, Jun Jin, Xinjing Yang, Jianhong Fu, Fang Huang, Jian Huang, Qiang Guo, Jun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of red cell distribution width (RDW) with prognosis in patients with sepsis. METHODS: Patients with sepsis admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Hospital of Soochow University from January 2011 to December 2016 were enrolled. All clinical data were collected for participants, which mainly included basic data, main underlying disease, site of infection, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II(APACHE II) score, blood routine test, biochemical test, blood gas analysis, coagulation index, procalcitonin (PCT), hospitalization days, and 28-day and 90-day mortality...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623003/serum-procalcitonin-levels-as-a-diagnostic-marker-for-septic-arthritis-a-meta-analysis
#14
Jingyi Zhao, Shufeng Zhang, Lei Zhang, Xianhui Dong, Jianhui Li, Ying Wang, Yinhui Yao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the value of serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels as a diagnostic marker for septic arthritis (SA) via meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library, as well as the reference lists of relevant articles, for studies published up to May 21, 2015 and did not impose language restrictions. We selected original studies reporting the usefulness of PCT or C-reactive protein (CRP) as a diagnostic marker for SA...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616918/-value-of-procalcitonin-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-and-pancreatic-stone-protein-in-predicting-prognosis-of-children-with-sepsis
#15
Jun-Ming Huo, Rui Huo, Ling Hu, Si-Wei Lu, Jian Zu
OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of procalcitonin (PCT), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and pancreatic stone protein(PSP) in predicting the prognosis of children with sepsis. METHODS: A total of 106 hospitalized children [(4.4±1.6) year-old] with sepsis were enrolled in this study. The expressions of PTC, hs-CRP and PSP in the serum samples of the children were detected on the first day of admission to hospital. Pearson correlation analyses were performed to test the correlations between pediatric critical illness score (PCIS) and PTC, hs-CRP and PSP...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616448/adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-improves-image-quality-without-affecting-perfusion-ct-quantitation-in-primary-colorectal-cancer
#16
D Prezzi, V Goh, S Virdi, S Mallett, C Grierson, D J Breen
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction (ASIR) on perfusion CT (pCT) parameter quantitation and image quality in primary colorectal cancer. METHODS: Prospective observational study. Following institutional review board approval and informed consent, 32 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma underwent pCT (100 kV, 150 mA, 120 s acquisition, axial mode). Tumour regional blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time (MTT) and permeability surface area product (PS) were determined using identical regions-of-interests for ASIR percentages of 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%...
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615935/serum-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-clinical-outcomes-of-copd-exacerbation-caused-by-different-pathogens
#17
Theerasuk Kawamatawong, Apitch Apiwattanaporn, Warisara Siricharoonwong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: COPD exacerbation is characterized by worsening of symptoms, warranting change in treatment. Systemic and airway inflammation play roles in the pathogenesis of COPD exacerbation. We hypothesized whether increased serum inflammatory biomarkers are associated with the clinical outcomes of COPD exacerbation caused by different infectious pathogens. METHODS: COPD patients with exacerbation were recruited from a hospital emergency department during 2014-2015...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614777/increased-circulating-endocan-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-relation-to-bacterial-infection-and-severity-of-disease
#18
J Zuwala-Jagiello, K Simon, M Kukla, E Murawska-Cialowicz, J Gorka-Dynysiewicz, E Grzebyk, M Pazgan-Simon
Life expectancy of patients with liver cirrhosis is closely linked to the degree of liver dysfunction and the occurrence of bacterial infection. An early diagnosis of infection helps to initiate adequate and timely measures and improves outcome of cirrhotic patients. Endocan is a newly recognized biomarker of sepsis. However, there have been no studies of the trends in endocan levels in cirrhotic patients with bacterial infection and their associations with markers of infection and inflammation. This study sought to assess the diagnostic value of serum levels of endocan, procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in 126 patients with cirrhosis: 51 with decompensated infected cirrhosis, 56 with decompensated uninfected and 19 with compensated uninfected cirrhosis at inclusion...
April 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607552/procalcitonin-guided-antibiotics-after-surgery-for-peritonitis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Juliette C Slieker, Steve Aellen, Philippe Eggimann, Valentine Guarnero, Markus Schäfer, Nicolas Demartines
BACKGROUND: Serum procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful biomarker to tailor the duration of antibiotics in respiratory infections. The objective of this study was to determine whether PCT levels could tailor postoperative antibiotic therapy in patients operated for peritonitis. METHOD: Patients with peritonitis were randomized postoperatively. The control group received antibiotics for a defined duration according to institutional guidelines. In the study group, antibiotics were stopped based on serum PCT levels...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603723/biomarker-guided-antibiotic-therapy-strengths-and-limitations
#20
REVIEW
David Nora, Jorge Salluh, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Pedro Póvoa
Biomarkers as C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) emerged as tools to help clinicians to diagnose infection and to properly initiate and define the duration of antibiotic therapy. Several randomized controlled trials, including adult critically ill patients, showed that PCT-guided antibiotic stewardship was repeatedly associated with a decrease in the duration of antibiotic therapy with no apparent harm. There are however some relevant limitations in these trials namely the low rate of compliance of PCT-guided algorithms, the high rate of exclusion (without including common clinical situations and pathogens) and the long duration of antibiotic therapy in control groups...
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
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