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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647937/the-impact-of-fasting-on-rheumatic-diseases
#1
EDITORIAL
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647178/traditional-usage-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-croton-sylvaticus-hochst-ex-c-krauss
#2
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Croton sylvaticus (C. sylvaticus) is widely used as herbal medicine by the indigenous people of tropical Africa. The potential of C. sylvaticus as herbal medicine, the phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of its parts used as herbal medicines are reviewed. The extensive literature survey revealed that C. sylvaticus is traditionally used to treat or manage at least 24 human and animal diseases and ailments. The species is used as herbal medicine for diseases and ailments such as abdominal pains, boils, fever, inflammation, malaria, rheumatism, swellings and tuberculosis and as ethnoveterinary medicine...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646772/prevalence-of-immune-related-systemic-adverse-events-in%C3%A2-patients-treated-with-anti-programmed-cell-death-1-anti-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-agents-a-single-centre-pharmacovigilance-database-analysis
#3
Sébastien Le Burel, Stéphane Champiat, Christine Mateus, Aurélien Marabelle, Jean-Marie Michot, Caroline Robert, Rakiba Belkhir, Jean-Charles Soria, Salim Laghouati, Anne-Laure Voisin, Olivier Fain, Arsène Mékinian, Laetitia Coutte, Tali-Anne Szwebel, Laetitia Dunogeant, Bertrand Lioger, Cécile Luxembourger, Xavier Mariette, Olivier Lambotte
AIM: The growing use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) is associated with the occurrence of immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Few data are published on systemic, immunohaematological and rheumatic irAEs. In a pharmacovigilance database analysis, we screened for these irAEs and calculated their prevalence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited via Registre des Effets Indésirables Sévères des Anticorps Monoclonaux Immunomodulateurs en Cancérologie (REISAMIC)(1) a French registry of grade ≥2 irAEs occurring in ICI-treated patients...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646434/performance-of-quantiferon-%C3%A2-tb-gold-in-tube-assay-in-children-receiving-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs
#4
Francesca Gabriele, Maria Trachana, Maria Simitsopoulou, Polixeni Pratsidou-Gertsi, Elias Iosifidis, Zoi Dorothea Pana, Emmanuel Roilides
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the performance of the Quantiferon(®)-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-IT) interferon (IFN)-γ assay for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in children receiving anti-rheumatic treatment in a tertiary referral hospital of Northern Greece. METHODS: A total of 79 consecutive children receiving anti-rheumatic treatment [of which 18 screened prior to antitumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α treatment] were tested using Mantoux tuberculin skin test (TST) and QFT-IT...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646351/rare-cyclophosphamide-induced-hemorrhagic-cystitis-in-a-chinese-population-with-rheumatic-diseases
#5
Liuqin Liang, Donging Chen, Xiaodong Wang, Zheng Yang, Jun Zhou, Zhongping Zhan, Fan Lian
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, severity, risk factors, and treatment outcomes of cyclophosphamide (CYC)-induced hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in patients with rheumatic diseases. METHODS: We collected the clinical data from 1284 consecutive patients admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University who were treated with CYC between 2006 and 2016, and then conducted a retrospective analysis. RESULTS: The mean cumulative dose of CYC was 18...
June 23, 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646319/presence-of-enthesopathy-in-patients-with-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-ultrasonographic-study-of-a-local-cohort
#6
Sinem Sag, Mustafa Serdar Sag, Ibrahim Tekeoglu, Ayhan Kamanlı, Kemal Nas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal findings in Sjögren's syndrome are arthralgia, arthritis, myalgia, myositis, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue. Enthesis zones are important in the formation of pain in the musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) may show subclinical enthesitis in the synovial joints and in the axial skeleton before joint swelling in inflammatory diseases characterized by arthritis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine the presence of enthesopathy using the Madrid sonographic enthesitis index (MASEI) in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645795/high-frame-rate-power-doppler-ultrasound-is-more-sensitive-than-conventional-power-doppler-in-detecting-rheumatic-vascularisation
#7
Myrthe van der Ven, Jolanda J Luime, Levinia L van der Velden, Johan G Bosch, Johanna M W Hazes, Hendrik J Vos
Early recognition of joint inflammation will increase treatment efficacy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Yet, conventional power Doppler (PD) ultrasound might not be sufficiently sensitive to detect minor inflammation. We investigated the sensitivity of high-frame rate Doppler, combined with singular value decomposition technique, to suppress tissue signals, for microvascular flow in a flow phantom setup and in a proof-of-principle study in healthy controls and in RA patients with different disease activities...
June 20, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643532/dermatomyositis-with-renal-infarction-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Ti Zhang, Xin Liu, Huji Xu
Renal infarction is a rare clinical entity that is not easily detected by low-sensitivity ultrasound. We herein report a case of dermatomyositis with renal infarction detected during corticosteroid therapy. The patient was followed up for 18 months. A woman who was clinically diagnosed with dermatomyositis complained of severe pain in the right flank of the low back and abdomen, accompanied by nausea and vomiting during corticosteroid therapy. Based on the findings of routine blood tests, abdominal X-ray radiography, and abdominal ultrasound, the patient was diagnosed with acute gastroenteritis and treated with levofloxacin...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641551/nailfold-capillaroscopy-within-and-beyond-the-scope-of-connective-tissue-diseases
#9
Sevdalina Lambova, Ulf Müller-Ladner
Nailfold capillaroscopy is a noninvasive instrumental method for morphological analysis of the nutritive capillaries in the nailfold area. In rheumatology, it is a method of choice among instrumental modalities for differentiation of primary and secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) in rheumatic diseases. RP is a common diagnostic problem in rheumatology. Defining the proper diagnosis is a prerequisite for administration of the appropriate treatment. Thus, nailfold capillaroscopic examination is of crucial importance for the every-day practice of the rheumatologists and is currently gaining increasing attention...
June 14, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640077/improvement-of-peripheral-artery-disease-with-sildenafil-and-bosentan-combined-therapy-in-a-patient-with-limited-cutaneous-systemic-sclerosis-a-case-report
#10
Loukman Omarjee, Cedric Fontaine, Guillaume Mahe, Vincent Jaquinandi
RATIONALE: Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitor and Bosentan, an endothelin-1-receptor antagonist combined therapy could have beneficial effect in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with peripheral artery disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 48-year-old Black woman, who developed severe left limb claudication and walking limitation following a left femoropopliteal bypass occlusion in 2014. She was a heavy smoker and had a history of right middle cerebral artery ischemic stroke and bilateral Raynaud phenomenon...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639600/effects-of-polysaccharide-fractions-isolated-from-caltha-palustris-l-on-the-activity-of-phagocytic-cells-humoral-immune-response-in-mice-with-collagen-induced-arthritis-a-comparison-with-methotrexate
#11
Agnieszka Suszko, Bożena Obmińska-Mrukowicz
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The extracts from Caltha palustris L. have been shown to be beneficial for treating arthritis and rheumatism. In this study, the immunomodulatory effects of polysaccharide fractions B and C of C. palustris extracts were studied, using the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse arthritis experimental model. The aim was to determine the activity of blood phagocytic cells and humoral immune response in CIA mice treated with polysaccharide fractions from C. palustris...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639493/pathway-analysis-to-identify-genetic-variants-associated-with-efficacy-of-adalimumab-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#12
Frank Eektimmerman, Jesse J Swen, Stefan Böhringer, Tom Wj Huizinga, Wouter M Kooloos, Cornelia F Allaart, Henk-Jan Guchelaar
AIM: About 30% of rheumatoid arthritis patients have no clinical benefit from TNF inhibitors. Genome-wide association (GWA) and candidate gene studies tested several putative genetic variants for TNF inhibitor efficacy with inconclusive results. Therefore, this study applied a systematic pathway analysis. PATIENTS & METHODS: A total of 325 rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with adalimumab were genotyped for 223 SNPs. We tested the association between SNPs and European League Against Rheumatism response and remission at 14 weeks under the additive genetic model using logistic regression...
June 22, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638966/measuring-everyday-functional-competence-using-the-rasch-assessment-of-everyday-activity-limitations-real-item-bank
#13
Martijn A H Oude Voshaar, Peter M Ten Klooster, Harald E Vonkeman, Mart A F J van de Laar
OBJECTIVE: Traditional patient-reported physical function instruments often poorly differentiate patients with mild-to-moderate disability. We describe the development and psychometric evaluation of a generic item bank for measuring everyday activity limitations in outpatient populations. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Seventy-two items generated from patient interviews and mapped to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) domestic life chapter were administered to 1128 adults representative of the Dutch population...
June 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638429/adalimumab-responsive-refractory-sarcoidosis-following-multiple-eyebrow-tattoos-a-case-report
#14
Alireza Mirzaei, Mohamad Mehdi Joharimoghadam, Mozhdeh Zabihiyeganeh
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease that can involve multiple organs including the lungs, eyes, nerves, and skin. Cosmetic tattooing can be a predisposing factor for sarcoidosis, and its incidence is likely to increase along with its popularity. A 47-year-old woman with symptoms of fever and polyarthritis along with erythema nodosum lesions on the legs, swollen eyebrows, and a history of multiple eyebrow tattooing was referred to our center. Since the signs and symptoms were positive for Löfgren's syndrome triad including erythema nodosum, bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, and polyarthritis, a diagnosis of acute sarcoidosis was made, and treatment was started accordingly...
2017: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638112/the-structure-function-relationship-of-disulfide-bonds-in-etanercept
#15
William C Lamanna, Robert Ernst Mayer, Alfred Rupprechter, Michael Fuchs, Fabian Higel, Cornelius Fritsch, Cornelia Vogelsang, Andreas Seidl, Hansjoerg Toll, Martin Schiestl, Johann Holzmann
Etanercept is a TNFα receptor Fc fusion protein used for the treatment of rheumatic disease and psoriasis. Physicochemical and functional investigation of process fractions during development of the etanercept biosimilar GP2015 (Erelzi(®)) revealed a correlation between reduced potency and incorrect disulfide bridging between specific cysteines in the receptor domain. This novel structure-function relationship was found to be the molecular basis for reduced potency in recent Enbrel(®) batches, which exhibit higher levels of incorrect disulfide bridging...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637898/activation-of-complement-by-pigment-epithelium-derived-factor-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Leonie M Vogt, Simone Talens, Ewa Kwasniewicz, Carsten Scavenius, André Struglics, Jan J Enghild, Tore Saxne, Anna M Blom
The aim of this study was to identify molecules that trigger complement activation in rheumatic joints. C4d, the final cleavage product of C4 activation, is found in the diseased joint and can bind covalently to complement-activating molecules. By using a highly specific Ab against a cleavage neoepitope in C4d, several molecules that were specifically bound to C4d were identified from pooled synovial fluid (SF) from four rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. One of these molecules, pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), is a broadly expressed multifunctional member of the serine proteinase inhibitor family...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637725/filling-the-gaps-in-sards-research-collection-and-linkage-of-administrative-health-data-and-self-reported-survey-data-for-a-general-population-based-cohort-of-individuals-with-and-without-diagnoses-of-systemic-autoimmune-rheumatic-disease-sards-from-british
#17
Natalie McCormick, Kathryn Reimer, Ali Famouri, Carlo A Marra, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta
PURPOSE: Systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARDs) are a group of debilitating autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and related disorders. Assessing the healthcare and economic burden of SARDs has been challenging: while administrative databases can be used to determine healthcare utilisation and costs with minimal selection and recall bias, other health, sociodemographic and economic data have typically been sourced from highly selected, clinic-based cohorts...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634699/cost-effective-analysis-of-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Ashit Syngle, Sudeep Kaur, Inderjeet Verma, Tanya Syngle, Vijaita Syngle
The main objective of the study was to perform the pharmacoeconomic analysis of synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in rheumatoid arthritis patients. A prospective, observational study was conducted in 98 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients meeting 2010 Rheumatoid Arthritis Classification Criteria. Treatment-naive RA patients were initiated on synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD/s) and followed up for 3 months. Average cost-effectiveness analysis was done by taking Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) score as a measure of effectiveness...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633260/total-chordal-sparing-mitral-valve-replacement-in-rheumatic-disease-a-word-of-caution
#19
Samuel M Kessel, Robert B Hawkins, Leora T Yarboro, Gorav Ailawadi
Total chordal preservation is the standard for mitral valve replacement to maintain long-term left ventricular geometry. Whereas it is appropriate for functional and degenerative mitral regurgitation, the role of chordal sparing in rheumatic valve disease is less well understood, with limited evidence supporting total chordal sparing. Inasmuch as this autoimmune disease affects the subvalvular apparatus in addition to the leaflets, it can be expected to continue after surgical repair. Here we present 2 patients who experienced adverse events associated with total chordal sparing mitral replacement as a result of disease progression with rapid fibrous growth causing inflow obstruction and early prosthetic valve failure...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631708/-new-horizons-in-the-use-of-biological-agents-during-pregnancy-in-patients-with-rheumatic-disease
#20
P A Shesternya, M M Petrova, A O Vasilyeva
Pregnancy in the presence of rheumatic diseases (RD) and adequate therapy before planned conception, during gestation, and after delivery during lactation is challenging. Advances in the treatment of RD are largely due to the clinical introduction of a new class of biological agents (BAs). There are less than two decades of experience in using BAs in rheumatology and to date there are no unified standards and accepted rules governing their use during pregnancy. According to the current requirements, information on a medicine should be given in three sections: 1) pregnancy; 2) lactation, and 3) use in men and women who are planning concept (the latter section has appeared for the first time)...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
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