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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087553/prevalence-of-obesity-and-overweight-in-african-learners-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Theodosia Adom, Thandi Puoane, Anniza De Villiers, André Pascal Kengne
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and overweight are an emerging problem in Africa. Obese children are at increased risk of developing hypertension, high cholesterol, orthopaedic problems and type 2 diabetes as well as increased risk of adult obesity. Prevention of childhood overweight and obesity therefore needs high priority. The review approach is particularly useful in establishing whether research findings are consistent and can be generalised across populations and settings. This systematic review aims to assess the magnitude and distribution of overweight and obesity among primary school learners within populations in Africa...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079663/general-anesthesia-and-fabry-disease-a-case-report
#2
Stefan Krüger, Albina Nowak, Torben Christoph Müller
Fabry disease is an inherited X-linked disorder characterized by the absence (in men) or deficiency (in women) in α-galactosidase A activity that causes a progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids within lysosomes of cells of all the major organ systems. The subsequent organ damage that manifests in childhood and early adulthood presents a widely variable clinical picture of pain, hypertension, and cardiac, renal, nervous system, and lung dysfunction. We present 2 female patients with Fabry disease who required general anesthesia twice for gynecological and trauma surgery, respectively, and discuss their perioperative management based on new information in the medical literature...
January 11, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078430/blood-urea-nitrogen-to-serum-creatinine-ratio-is-an-accurate-predictor-of-outcome-in-diarrhea-associated-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#3
Werner Keenswijk, Jill Vanmassenhove, Ann Raes, Evelyn Dhont, Johan Vande Walle
: Diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (D+HUS) is a common thrombotic microangiopathy during childhood and early identification of parameters predicting poor outcome could enable timely intervention. This study aims to establish the accuracy of BUN-to-serum creatinine ratio at admission, in addition to other parameters in predicting the clinical course and outcome. Records were searched for children between 1 January 2008 and 1 January 2015 admitted with D+HUS. A complicated course was defined as developing one or more of the following: neurological dysfunction, pancreatitis, cardiac or pulmonary involvement, hemodynamic instability, and hematologic complications while poor outcome was defined by death or development of chronic kidney disease...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070780/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-adolescents-with-or-without-syndromic-obesity-two-years-follow-up
#4
Angelo Iossa, Francesco De Peppo, Romina Caccamo, Brad Michael Watkins, Francesca Abbatini, Emanuela Ceriati, Gianfranco Silecchia
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is an emerging health problem. Surgical treatment of obese adolescents, particularly those affected by congenital syndrome, represents a controversial issue. The aim of this multicenter study was to retrospectively assess the results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in a cohort of adolescents affected by morbid obesity, with or without congenital syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one obese (BMI 49 ± 6 kg/m(2)) adolescents with mean age of 16 ± 3 years (58...
January 9, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065514/review-of-childhood-obesity-from-epidemiology-etiology-and-comorbidities-to-clinical-assessment-and-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Seema Kumar, Aaron S Kelly
Childhood obesity has emerged as an important public health problem in the United States and other countries in the world. Currently 1 in 3 children in the United States is afflicted with overweight or obesity. The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is associated with emergence of comorbidities previously considered to be "adult" diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and dyslipidemia. The most common cause of obesity in children is a positive energy balance due to caloric intake in excess of caloric expenditure combined with a genetic predisposition for weight gain...
January 5, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063813/assessment-of-vascular-function-in-low-socioeconomic-status-preschool-children-a-pilot-study
#6
Lama Ghazi, Tanja Dudenbostel, Daisy Xing, Deborah Ejem, Anne Turner-Henson, Cynthia Irwin Joiner, Olivia Affuso, Andres Azuero, Suzanne Oparil, David A Calhoun, Marti Rice, Fadi G Hage
Elevated brachial blood pressure (BP) in childhood tracks into adulthood. Central BP and measures of arterial stiffness, such as aortic augmentation index (AIx) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), have been associated with future cardiovascular disease. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of noninvasively measuring these parameters in preschool children and explored factors that may be associated with elevated BP in this age group. Brachial BP was measured using an electronic oscillometric unit (Dinamap PRO 100) and defined as elevated when systolic BP (SBP) and/or diastolic BP (DBP) was ≥ the 90th percentile for age, gender, and height...
December 24, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060189/associations-of-risk-factors-in-childhood-with-arterial-stiffness-26-years-later-the-hanzhong-adolescent-hypertension-cohort
#7
Chao Chu, Yi Dai, Jianjun Mu, Ruihai Yang, Man Wang, Jun Yang, Yong Ren, Bingqing Xie, Zhenzhen Dong, Fan Yang, Dan Wang, Dingyi Yan, Tong-Shuai Guo, Yang Wang
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between childhood risk factors and long-term arterial stiffness was explored. METHODS: A baseline survey was conducted in 4623 school children aged 6-15 years in rural areas of Hanzhong city, Shaanxi, in 1987. According to three independent measurements of SBP in 1987, 1989, and 1992, cases of the same age and sex with continuous SBP at least 75 percentile were classified as the high-blood pressure (BP) group, whereas those with SBP less than 50 percentile were classified as the normal-BP group...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058755/characteristics-of-bordetella-pertussis-infection-among-infantsand-children-admitted-to-paediatric-intensive-care-units-in-greece-a-multicentre-11-year-study
#8
Maria S Kazantzi, Anargyroula Prezerakou, Serafeia N Kalamitsou, Stavroula Ilia, Panagiotis K Kalabalikis, John Papadatos, Maria M Sdougka, George Briassoulis, Maria N Tsolia
AIM: To describe children with pertussis who required intensive care. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of pertussis admissions to all (six) national intensive care units in Greece from 2003 to 2013. RESULTS: A total of 31 children were included, 28 of whom were younger than 12 months old. Cough was the most prominent symptom, being present in 27 of 31 (87%) patients, and on admission, only 7 (22.6%) satisfied the case definition...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050484/sleep-disorder-gastrointestinal-problems-and-behaviour-problems-seen-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-children-and-yoga-as-therapy-a-descriptive-review
#9
REVIEW
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with deficiencies in many developmental milestones during the infantile childhood. Recent researches have shown that apart from behaviour problems, the ASD children also suffer from physiological conditions such as disturbed sleep and gastrointestinal problems that could be the contributing factors to their daytime behaviour problems. Lots of parents have expressed that, lack of sleep among the children have resulted in high levels of stress among the family members particularly among the immediate caretakers which are in most cases the mother of the child...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046205/dietary-advice-interventions-in-pregnancy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. With an increasing prevalence worldwide, there is a need to assess strategies, including dietary advice interventions, that might prevent GDM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of dietary advice interventions for preventing GDM and associated adverse health outcomes for women and their babies...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031961/fetal-origins-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-the-non-associated-maternal-factors
#11
REVIEW
Hind N Moussa, Anand Srikrishnan, Sean C Blackwell, Pramod Dash, Baha M Sibai
AIM: Several population-based studies have been conducted to determine whether maternal exposures are involved in the pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We review these studies and describe the factors not associated with increased risk for ASD development. METHODS: We identified studies describing associations between maternal exposures and ASD development. These studies include the Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment, Nurses' Health Study II, and the Swedish population registry...
June 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031959/averting-the-legacy-of-kidney-disease-focus-on-childhood
#12
REVIEW
Julie R Ingelfinger, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Franz Schaefer
World Kidney Day 2016 focuses on kidney disease in childhood and the antecedents of adult kidney disease that can begin in earliest childhood. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in childhood differs from that in adults, as the largest diagnostic group among children includes congenital anomalies and inherited disorders, with glomerulopathies and kidney disease in the setting of diabetes being relatively uncommon. In addition, many children with acute kidney injury will ultimately develop sequelae that may lead to hypertension and CKD in later childhood or in adult life...
June 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027627/association-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-children-implications-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#13
Indah K Murni, Dian C Sulistyoningrum, Vicka Oktaria
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D deficiency significantly affects cardiovascular disease risk. Cardiovascular disease is epidemic in nature. Because the prevalence of cardiovascular disease has been increasing in children, it has been changing from an adulthood disease to a childhood disease. Therefore, formulating an effective prevention strategy against cardiovascular disease development in children is crucial. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: From PubMed, we identified and reviewed studies evaluating the association of vitamin D deficiency with cardiovascular disease risk in children...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019129/stroke-and-hypertension-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
Juan C Kupferman, Dimitrios I Zafeiriou, Marc B Lande, Fenella J Kirkham, Steven G Pavlakis
Hypertension is the single most important modifiable risk factor for adult stroke. Stroke mortality has significantly decreased over the last 5 decades; this decline has been mainly associated to improved blood pressure control. Though much less prevalent than in adults, stroke is an increasingly recognized cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Although hypertension has not been strongly identified as a risk factor in childhood stroke yet, there is preliminary evidence that suggests that elevated blood pressure may be associated with stroke in children...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018454/idiopathic-midaortic-syndrome-with-malignant-hypertension-in-3-year-old-boy
#15
Kyung Jin Ahn, Ja Kyoung Yoon, Gi Beom Kim, Bo Sang Kwon, Eun Jung Bae, Chung Il Noh
Midaortic syndrome (MAS) is a rare vascular disease that commonly causes renovascular hypertension. The lumen of the abdominal aorta narrows and the ostia of the branches show stenosis. MAS is associated with diminished pulses in the lower extremities compared with the upper extremities, severe hypertension with higher blood pressure in the upper rather than lower extremities, and an abdominal bruit. The clinical symptoms are variable, and recognition in children with hypertension can aid early diagnosis and optimal treatment...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003725/neonatal-cholestasis-as-initial-presentation-of-portosystemic-shunt-a-case-report
#16
Güzide Doğan, Fatih Düzgün, Serdar Tarhan, Yeliz Çağan Appak, Erhun Kasırga
Congenital intrahepatic portosystemic shunts are rare in children. Portosystemic venous malformations are characterized by extreme clinical variability. We report a full-term 33-day-old male infant presenting with neonatal jaundice. On physical examination, he had generalized icterus and the liver was palpable 3.5 cm below the right costal margin. He had no other symptoms. Laboratory tests showed AST 632 U/L, ALT 198 U/L, total bilirubin 12.1 mg/dL, conjugated bilirubin 10.2 mg/dL, alkaline phosphatase 753 U/L, GGT 47 U/L and glucose 67 U/L...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940725/childhood-hypertension-an-underappreciated-epidemic
#17
Kevin D Hill, Jennifer S Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936147/absence-of-association-between-behavior-problems-in-childhood-and-hypertension-in-midlife
#18
Sadiq M Saad, Gurch Randhawa, Dong Pang
BACKGROUND: It is known that behavior in childhood is associated with certain physical and mental health problems in midlife. However, there is limited evidence on the role of childhood behavior problems in the development of hypertension in adulthood. The present study aimed to examine whether behavior problems in childhood influenced the risk of hypertension in midlife in the United Kingdom 1958 birth cohort. METHODS: The 1958 British birth cohort comprised 17,638 individuals born in the first week of March 1958 in the United Kingdom...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927275/energy-balance-related-behaviors-are-related-to-cardiometabolic-parameters-and-predict-adiposity-in-8-14-year-old-overweight-chinese-children-one-year-later
#19
Liu Bai Li, Nan Wang, Xu Long Wu, Ling Wang, Jing Jing Li, Miao Yang, Jun Ma
To identify target energy balance-related behaviors (ERBs), baseline data from 141 overweight or obese schoolchildren (aged 8-14 years old) was used to predict adiposity [body mass index (BMI) and fat percentage] one year later. The ERBs included a modified Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension diet score (DASH score), leisure-time physical activity (PA, days/week), and leisure screen time (minutes/day). Several cardiometabolic variables were measured in the fasting state, including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), blood glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C)...
October 2016: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923154/socioeconomic-position-john-henryism-and-incidence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-finnish-men
#20
Mahasin S Mujahid, Sherman A James, George A Kaplan, Jukka T Salonen
Previous cross-sectional studies examining whether John Henryism (JH), or high-effort coping with socioeconomic adversity, potentiates the inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and cardiovascular health have focused mainly on hypertension in African Americans. We conducted the first longitudinal test of this hypothesis on incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using data from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study in Finland (N = 1405 men, 42-60 years). We hypothesized that the expected inverse gradient between SEP and AMI risk would be stronger for men scoring high on JH than for those scoring low...
January 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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