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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923154/socioeconomic-position-john-henryism-and-incidence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-finnish-men
#1
Mahasin S Mujahid, Sherman A James, George A Kaplan, Jukka T Salonen
Previous cross-sectional studies examining whether John Henryism (JH), or high-effort coping with socioeconomic adversity, potentiates the inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and cardiovascular health have focused mainly on hypertension in African Americans. We conducted the first longitudinal test of this hypothesis on incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using data from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study in Finland (N = 1405 men, 42-60 years). We hypothesized that the expected inverse gradient between SEP and AMI risk would be stronger for men scoring high on JH than for those scoring low...
November 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907953/management-of-the-pediatric-neurocritical-care-patient
#2
Christopher M Horvat, Haifa Mtaweh, Michael J Bell
Pediatric neurocritical care is a growing subspecialty of pediatric intensive care that focuses on the management of acute neurological diseases in children. A brief history of the field of pediatric neurocritical care is provided. Neuromonitoring strategies for children are reviewed. Management of major categories of acute childhood central neurologic diseases are reviewed, including treatment of diseases associated with intracranial hypertension, seizures and status epilepticus, stroke, central nervous system infection and inflammation, and hypoxic-ischemic injury...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899401/neonatal-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-health-and-educational-outcomes-of-children-exposed-to-antidepressants-and-maternal-depression-during-pregnancy-protocol-for-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-administrative-data
#3
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Chelsea Ruth, Laurence Y Katz
INTRODUCTION: Antidepressants are commonly prescribed during pregnancy; however, there are inconsistent data on the safety of these medications during the prenatal period. To address this gap, this study will investigate short-term and long-term neurodevelopmental, physical and mental health, and educational outcomes of children who have been exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) and/or maternal depression during pregnancy...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895519/portal-hypertension-an-uncommon-clinical-manifestation-of-takayasu-arteritis-in-a-9-year-old-child
#4
Cristina N Herrera, Javier E Tomala-Haz
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is the third most common childhood vasculitis and its clinical manifestations depend on the arteries involved. We report a case of a 9-year-old boy with multiple aneurysms in carotid and iliac arteries, subclavian and coronary arteries, and abdominal aorta. At the age of 7 years, he presented with recurrent fever and hepatosplenomegaly. An angio-computed tomography scan showed aneurysms in the left subclavian artery, abdominal aorta, and both proximal iliac arteries. He was diagnosed with TA and was treated with corticosteroids, aspirin, and enalapril...
2016: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895411/reoperation-in-an-adult-female-with-right-sided-hirschsprung-s-disease-complicated-by-refractory-hypertension-and-cough
#5
Zhi-Jian Wei, Lei Huang, A-Man Xu
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is an intestinal malformation caused by the innate absence of ganglion cells in the neural plexus of the colorectal wall, and is most common in male infants. It is rare in adult, and is usually left-sided. Herein we reported based on the CARE guidelines a case of a 47-year-old adult female suffering from "right-sided" HD complicated by refractory hypertension and cough. The patient with a history of cesarean section and with digestive unfitness (abdominal pain, distention, and constipation) only since 20 years old had recurrence of HD after initial surgery due to the incomplete removal of the HD-affected bowel based on a diagnosis of "chronic ileus", leading to the relapse of the digestive symptoms and the emergence of some intractable circulatory and respiratory complications which could be hardly controlled by conservative treatment...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#6
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879452/umbilical-cord-blood-circulating-progenitor-cells-and-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-are-decreased-in-preeclampsia
#7
Diane L Gumina, Claudine P Black, Vivek Balasubramaniam, Virginia D Winn, Christopher D Baker
Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific disease characterized by the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria. Mothers with PE are known to develop endothelial dysfunction, but its effect on infants has been understudied, as newborns are often asymptomatic. Recent studies indicate that infants born from preeclamptic pregnancies develop endothelial dysfunction including higher blood pressure during childhood and an increased risk of stroke later in life. We hypothesize that PE reduces the number and function of fetal angiogenic progenitor cells and may contribute to this increased risk...
November 21, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864799/primordial-prevention-of-cardiometabolic-risk-in-childhood
#8
Meryem A Tanrikulu, Mehmet Agirbasli, Gerald Berenson
Fetal life and childhood are important in the development of cardiometabolic risk and later clinical disease of atherosclerosis, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Molecular and environmental conditions leading to cardiometabolic risk in early life bring us a challenge to develop effective prevention and intervention strategies to reduce cardiovascular (CV) risk in children and later disease. It is important that prevention strategies begin at an early age to reduce future CV morbidity and mortality. Pioneering work from longitudinal studies such as Bogalusa Heart Study (BHS), the Finnish Youth Study and other programs provide an awareness of the need for public and health services to begin primordial prevention...
November 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860222/late-outcomes-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-report-from-the-st-jude-lifetime-cohort-study
#9
Matthew J Ehrhardt, John T Sandlund, Nan Zhang, Wei Liu, Kirsten K Ness, Nickhill Bhakta, Wassim Chemaitilly, Kevin R Krull, Tara M Brinkman, Deborah B Crom, Larry Kun, Sue C Kaste, Gregory T Armstrong, Daniel M Green, Kumar Srivastava, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Daniel A Mulrooney
BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are at increased risk for chronic health conditions. The objective of this study was to characterize health conditions, neurocognitive function, and physical performance among a clinically evaluated cohort of 200 childhood NHL survivors. METHOD: Chronic health and neurocognitive conditions were graded as per a modified version of the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) and impaired physical function defined as performance < 10th percentile of normative data...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857798/not-all-cases-of-nyctalopia-are-benign-unusual-and-serendipitous-presentation-of-arnold-chiari-type-1-malformation-at-a-pediatric-tertiary-care-center
#10
Kailash Chandra Patra, Abhijeet Prakash Kirtane
The Arnold-Chiari Type 1 malformation (CM1) is a rare congenital abnormality characterized by ectopia or caudal herniation of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum into the cervical spine, resulting in crowding at the craniocervical junction. It seldom presents in childhood with symptoms and a normal neurological examination. More typically, CM1 presents in young adult women with neurological symptoms including a headache, cervical pain, cranial nerve palsies, neurosensory deficit, and ataxia. Ocular manifestations associated with Chiari I include third and sixth cranial nerve paresis and convergence/divergence abnormalities...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856808/adult-derived-genetic-blood-pressure-scores-and-blood-pressure-measured-in-different-body-postures-in-young-children
#11
Maria Ac Jansen, Geertje W Dalmeijer, Frank Lj Visseren, Cornelis K van der Ent, Maarten Leusink, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Diederick E Grobbee, Cuno Spm Uiterwaal
AIMS: Several genes are related to blood pressure (BP) levels in adults, but it is largely unknown whether these genes also determine BP early in life. METHODS: Systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were measured in 720 5-year-old children from the WHeezing-Illnesses-STudy-LEidsche-Rijn (WHISTLER) birth cohort in sitting and supine positions using a semi-automatic oscillometric device. Illumina chip technology was used to genotype 18, 19, 11 and 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with adult SBP, DBP, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and hypertension, respectively, in the children's DNA and separate weighted genetic risk scores (GRSs) were constructed...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854133/focusing-on-developmental-origins-and-disease-inception-for-the-prevention-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#12
Bradley A Maron, Steven H Abman
Despite the growing armamentarium of therapies, pulmonary vascular disease continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality in neonates, children and adults in diverse clinical settings. To address this challenge, a strategic shift is underway that emphasizes disease recognition prior to the onset of clinical signs and symptoms when substantial pulmonary vascular remodeling is already present. Specifically, there is growing interest regarding the i) molecular events that define pulmonary vascular disease inception, ii) range of early cardiopulmonary hemodynamic measures that are associated with adverse outcome, and iii) widening utility of exercise for risk-stratification...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836869/hospital-diagnosed-atopic-dermatitis-and-long-term-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-a-population-based-follow-up-study
#13
Jette Lindorff Riis, Christian Vestergaard, Kasper Fjellhaugen Hjuler, Lars Iversen, Lars Jakobsen, Mette S Deleuran, Morten Olsen
OBJECTIVE: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disorder with a childhood prevalence reaching 20%. An estimated 50% of patients have a life-long chronic course. The purpose of this study was to estimate the risk of first-time myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with AD compared with a general population cohort. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: Using population-based medical registries, we identified individuals born in Denmark from 1947 to 1983 with at least two hospital-diagnoses of AD following inpatient admissions or hospital-based outpatient visits at any age from 1977 to 2013...
November 11, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832113/associations-of-infant-feeding-and-timing-of-weight-gain-and-linear-growth-during-early-life-with-childhood-blood-pressure-findings-from-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Marieke de Beer, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Caroline H D Fall, Manon van Eijsden, Clive Osmond, Reinoud J B J Gemke
OBJECTIVE: Small birth size and rapid postnatal growth have been associated with higher future blood pressure. The timing of these effects, the relative importance of weight gain and linear growth and the role of infant feeding need to be clarified. METHODS: We assessed how blood pressure relates to birth weight, infant and childhood growth and infant feeding (duration of exclusive breastfeeding and timing of introduction of complementary feeding) in 2227 children aged 5 years from a prospective cohort study (Amsterdam Born Children and their Development)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826712/subclinical-pulmonary-hypertension-in-childhood-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-associated-with-minor-disease-manifestations
#15
Pedro Anuardo, Monica Verdier, Natali W S Gormezano, Gabriela R V Ferreira, Gabriela N Leal, Alessandro Lianza, Juliana C O A Ferreira, Rosa M R Pereira, Nadia E Aikawa, Maria Teresa Terreri, Claudia S Magalhães, Simone Appenzeller, Maria Carolina Dos Santos, Silvana B Sachetti, Claudio A Len, Gecilmara S Pilleggi, Simone Lotufo, Eloisa Bonfá, Clovis A Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary hypertension (PH) in 852 childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) patients. This was a large multicenter study conducted in 10 Pediatric Rheumatology Services of São Paulo state, Brazil. PH was defined as systolic pulmonary artery pressure >35 mmHg and/or measurement of the mean pulmonary artery pressure >25 mmHg and/or diastolic pressure >15 mmHg by transthoracic echocardiogram. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, disease activity score (SLEDAI-2K), disease damage score (SLICC/ACR-DI) and treatments were also evaluated...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823919/gestational-hypertension-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-adult-offspring-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study
#16
Eero Kajantie, Clive Osmond, Johan G Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes later in life. Offspring born from these hypertensive pregnancies have increased levels of cardiovascular risk factors; whether they are at an increased risk of type 2 diabetes is not known. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the investigation was to study the risk of type 2 diabetes in the adult offspring exposed to maternal preeclampsia or gestational hypertension in utero...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821311/breastfeeding-and-motor-development-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#17
Tegan Grace, Wendy Oddy, Max Bulsara, Beth Hands
BACKGROUND: While there is a large body of work supporting the importance of early feeding practices on cognitive, immunity, behavioural and mental outcomes, few longitudinal studies have focused on motor development. The relationship between duration of breast feeding and motor development outcomes at 10, 14, and 17years were examined. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Study. There were 2868 live births recorded and children were examined for motor proficiency at 10 (M=10...
November 4, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808580/recurrence-of-phaeochromocytoma-in-pregnancy-in-a-patient-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-2a-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Efterpi Tingi, Angelos Kyriacou, Lynda Verghese
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) is an autosomal dominant inherited condition with a prevalence of one in 40 000 individuals. It causes the development of tumours in endocrine glands, such as medullary thyroid cancer, pheochromocytomas, as well as primary hyperparathyroidism. MEN 2A in pregnancy is very rare with only 29 cases reported in the literature. The presence of pheochromocytoma is a rare cause of hypertension during pregnancy with an incidence of 0.007% of all pregnancies. This has severe implications on both mother and the foetus...
November 3, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805349/infantile-preductal-coarctation-of-aorta-presenting-as-cerebellar-infarct-a-rare-presentation
#19
A Sivaraman, Maniram Kumhar, Utsav Kimar Sahu, Manoj Kumar Mali
Coarctation of aorta is a common congenital heart defect. The diagnosis may be missed unless a highindex of suspicion is maintained, and is often delayed until the patient develops congestive heart failure (CHF), (common in infants) or hypertension (common in older children). It seldom goes undiagnosed till adulthood and frequently leads to complications as a result of long-standing high blood pressure. Intracranial haemorrhage, premature coronary artery disease, aortic aneurysms and rupture have all been reported...
November 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787497/increased-childhood-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-young-adult-serum-uric-acid-levels-a-linkage-study-from-japan
#20
Erika Kuwahara, Yoshitaka Murakami, Tomonori Okamura, Hirokazu Komatsu, Akemi Nakazawa, Hideo Ushiku, Fumio Maejima, Yoshio Nishigaki, Yuji Nishiwaki
BACKGROUND: Growth pattern in early life is one of the most important factors affecting the pathogenesis of metabolic-associated diseases. The associations between serum uric acid (SUA) and hypertension, kidney disease, and coronary heart disease have been recognized. We investigated the association between increased body mass index (BMI) during childhood and adult SUA levels in Japan.MethodsWe included 298 children with health examination data between 1981 and 2002 who had also undergone physical examinations after reaching early adulthood (approximately 27 years old)...
October 27, 2016: Pediatric Research
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