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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220315/attachment-figures-when-death-is-approaching-a-study-applying-attachment-theory-to-adult-patients-and-family-members-experiences-during-palliative-home-care
#1
Anna Milberg, Maria Friedrichsen
PURPOSE: Attachment theory is currently receiving much attention in relation to how adults cope with severe illness. The study aims were using the experiences of patients and family members to explore attachment figures (a central concept within the theory) during palliative home care. METHODS: Twelve patients and 14 family members were interviewed during ongoing palliative home care. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Four types of attachment figures were identified: (i) family and friends, (ii) health care practitioners, (iii) pets and (iv) God...
February 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211592/a-methodology-for-assessing-deployment-trauma-and-its-consequences-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-the-tracts-longitudinal-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Jennifer R Fonda, Catherine Brawn Fortier
Many US veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq have multiple physical and psychiatric problems. A major focus of research has been on determining the effects of mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI), but mTBI is rarely diagnosed in the absence of co-occurring conditions such as blast exposure, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, substance abuse, etc. These potentially interactive psychological and physical conditions produce complex patterns of cognitive, psychological, and physical symptoms that impede civilian reintegration and complicate efficient and effective treatment planning...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077398/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-is-associated-with-reduced-cortical-thickness-in-those-at-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Jasmeet P Hayes, Mark W Logue, Naomi Sadeh, Jeffrey M Spielberg, Mieke Verfaellie, Scott M Hayes, Andrew Reagan, David H Salat, Erika J Wolf, Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Annjanette Stone, Steven A Schichman, Mark W Miller
Moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury is one of the strongest environmental risk factors for the development of neurodegenerative diseases such as late-onset Alzheimer's disease, although it is unclear whether mild traumatic brain injury, or concussion, also confers risk. This study examined mild traumatic brain injury and genetic risk as predictors of reduced cortical thickness in brain regions previously associated with early Alzheimer's disease, and their relationship with episodic memory. Participants were 160 Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans between the ages of 19 and 58, many of whom carried mild traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder diagnoses...
January 11, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069854/for-many-served-by-the-ryan-white-hiv-aids-program-disparities-in-viral-suppression-decreased-2010-14
#4
Rupali K Doshi, John Milberg, Theresa Jumento, Tracy Matthews, Antigone Dempsey, Laura W Cheever
For twenty-five years, the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program has supported a comprehensive system of health services for vulnerable and under- or uninsured people living with HIV. Using data from the Health Resources and Services Administration about people living with HIV and served by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, we found reductions in disparities in viral suppression rates between 2010 and 2014-with rates for Blacks/African Americans, adolescents and young adults, and people living in the South becoming more similar to rates for Whites, older adults, and people in other regions of the United States, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039911/effective-suppression-of-atrial-fibrillation-by-the-antihistaminic-agent-antazoline-first-experimental-insights-into-a-novel-antiarrhythmic-agent
#5
Gerrit Frommeyer, Magdalena Sterneberg, Dirk G Dechering, Sven Kaese, Nils Bögeholz, Christian Pott, Michael Fehr, Harilaos Bogossian, Peter Milberg, Lars Eckardt
INTRODUCTION: The antihistaminic antazoline (ANT) was reported to be highly effective and safe for rapid conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF). We therefore analyzed underlying mechanisms in an experimental whole-heart model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Isolated and retrogradely perfused rabbit hearts underwent a standardized protocol employing atrial burst pacing induced AF in 5 of 20 hearts under baseline conditions (7 episodes). Thereafter, a combination of acetylcholine and isoproterenol was employed to enhance AF occurrence...
December 31, 2016: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976973/elevated-rates-of-memory-impairment-in-military-service-members-and-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Nikki H Stricker, Sara M Lippa, Deborah L Green, Susan M McGlynn, Laura J Grande, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
INTRODUCTION: Studies investigating the neurocognitive effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) routinely find "deficits" in various cognitive domains. However, the rate of cognitive impairment in individuals with PTSD remains unclear, as studies have focused on null hypothesis testing (NHT) and inferring patterns of impairment rather than empirically determining the rate of cognitive impairment in this sample. METHOD: This study examined rates of cognitive impairment using a domain-specific approach in non-treatment-seeking Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn service members and veterans with (n = 92) and without (n = 79) PTSD and without substance abuse/dependence who passed a performance validity measure and were matched on age, education, estimated IQ, and ethnicity...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920510/the-clock-in-the-box-a-brief-cognitive-screen-is-associated-with-failure-to-return-home-in-an-elderly-hospitalized-sample
#7
Colleen E Jackson, Laura J Grande, Kelly Doherty, Elizabeth Archambault, Brittany Kelly, Jane A Driver, William P Milberg, Regina McGlinchey, James L Rudolph
PURPOSE: Cognitive screening upon hospital admission can provide important information about the patient's ability to process information during the inpatient stay. The Clock-in-the-Box (CIB) is a rapidly administered cognitive screening measure which has been previously validated with cognitive screening and neuropsychological assessments. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the predictive validity of the CIB for discharge location among a sample of older medical inpatients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hospitalized Veterans (N=218), aged 55 years and older, were recruited on the day after admission after they gave their consent...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898145/%C3%A2-hoppas-p%C3%A3-det-b%C3%A3-sta-planera-f%C3%A3-r-det-s%C3%A3-msta%C3%A2-stort-v%C3%A3-rde-i-att-identifiera-och-kommunicera-med-d%C3%A3-ende-patienter
#8
Anna Milberg, Marit Karlsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880814/health-care-professionals-understandings-of-cross-cultural-interaction-in-end-of-life-care-a-focus-group-study
#9
Anna Milberg, Sandra Torres, Pernilla Ågård
OBJECTIVE: The academic debate on cross-cultural interaction within the context of end-of-life care takes for granted that this interaction is challenging. However, few empirical studies have actually focused on what health care professionals think about this interaction. This study aimed to explore health care professionals' understandings of cross-cultural interaction during end-of-life care. METHODS: Sixty end-of-life care professionals were recruited from eleven care units in Sweden to take part in focus group interviews...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837324/a-good-death-from-the-perspective-of-palliative-cancer-patients
#10
Lisa Kastbom, Anna Milberg, Marit Karlsson
PURPOSE: Although previous research has indicated some recurrent themes and similarities between what patients from different cultures regard as a good death, the concept is complex and there is lack of studies from the Nordic countries. The aim of this study was to explore the perception of a good death in dying cancer patients in Sweden. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 66 adult patients with cancer in the palliative phase who were recruited from home care and hospital care...
November 12, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767897/manfred-frank-greiffenstein-a-remembrance
#11
William Milberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732020/sleep-problems-and-physical-pain-as-moderators-of-the-relationship-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-aggression-in-returning-veterans
#12
Adam D LaMotte, Casey T Taft, Robin P Weatherill, Melynda D Casement, Suzannah K Creech, William P Milberg, Catherine B Fortier, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated sleep problems and physical pain as moderators of the relationship between PTSD symptoms and aggression among returning veterans. Prior research has demonstrated associations between PTSD symptoms and aggression, but little work has sought to identify moderators of this relationship. Sleep problems and physical pain are both common clinical problems among veterans and have theoretical links to aggression. METHOD: Participants were 103 returning service members and veterans recruited from the greater Boston area and enrolled in the VA Translational Research Center for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Stress Disorders (TRACTS)...
January 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637479/palliative-care-consultation-team-on-acute-wards-an-intervention-study-with-pre-post-comparisons
#13
Maria Friedrichsen, Yvonne Hajradinovic, Maria Jakobsson, Per Milberg, Anna Milberg
: ᅟ: There is little evidence regarding primary healthcare team members' perceptions concerning palliative care consultation team (PCCT) and palliative care (PC) issues on their own wards. PURPOSE: This study aimed to study whether a PCCT can influence and change primary healthcare team members' perceptions regarding the palliative care at the end of life they are providing to patients in their own acute wards. METHODS: The intervention was a PCCT visiting surgical and internal medicine wards in 1 year...
February 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589007/measuring-attention-in-very-old-adults-using-the-test-of-everyday-attention
#14
Guusje van der Leeuw, Suzanne G Leveille, Richard N Jones, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Robert McLean, Dan K Kiely, Margaret Gagnon, William P Milberg
There is a need for validated measures of attention for use in longitudinal studies of older populations. We studied 249 participants aged 80 to 101 years using the population-based MOBILIZE Boston Study. Four subscales of the Test of Everyday Attention (TEA) were included, measuring attention switching, selective, sustained and divided attention and a neuropsychological battery including validated measures of multiple cognitive domains measuring attention, executive function and memory. The TEA previously has not been validated in persons aged 80 and older...
September 2, 2016: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579844/cultural-analysis-of-surgical-safety-checklist-items-in-spain-and-argentina
#15
Blanca Torres-Manrique, Andreu Nolasco-Bonmati, Loreto Maciá-Soler, Matías Milberg, Alba Noemi Vilca, María José López-Montesinos, Víctor Manuel González-Chordá
OBJECTIVE: To compare the agreement between two surgical checklists implanted in two hospitals in Spain and Argentina, using the international classification for patient safety as a framework. METHOD: This was an expert opinion study carried out using an ad hoc questionnaire in electronic format, which included 7 of the 13 categories of the international classification for patient safety. Fifteen surgical security experts from each country participated in this study by classifying the items on the checklists into the selected ICPS categories...
September 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453802/polygenic-risk-for-externalizing-psychopathology-and-executive-dysfunction-in-trauma-exposed-veterans
#16
Naomi Sadeh, Erika J Wolf, Mark W Logue, Joanna Lusk, Jasmeet P Hayes, Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Annjanette Stone, Steven A Schichman, Mark W Miller
The frequent co-occurrence of antisocial behavior and other disinhibited phenotypes reflects a highly heritable externalizing spectrum. We examined the molecular genetic basis of this spectrum by testing polygenic associations with psychopathology symptoms, impulsive traits, and cognitive functions in two samples of primarily military veterans (n =537, n =194). We also investigated whether polygenic risk for externalizing moderated the effects of trauma on these phenotypes. As hypothesized, polygenic risk positively predicted externalizing psychopathology and negatively predicted performance on inhibitory control tasks...
May 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445670/5-ht2a-gene-variants-moderate-the-association-between-ptsd-and-reduced-default-mode-network-connectivity
#17
Mark W Miller, Emily Sperbeck, Meghan E Robinson, Naomi Sadeh, Erika J Wolf, Jasmeet P Hayes, Mark Logue, Steven A Schichman, Angie Stone, William Milberg, Regina McGlinchey
The default mode network (DMN) has been used to study disruptions of functional connectivity in a wide variety of psychiatric and neurological conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies indicate that the serotonin system exerts a modulatory influence on DMN connectivity; however, no prior study has examined associations between serotonin receptor gene variants and DMN connectivity in either clinical or healthy samples. We examined serotonin receptor single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), PTSD, and their interactions for association with DMN connectivity in 134 White non-Hispanic veterans...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328775/low-proarrhythmic-potential-of-citalopram-and-escitalopram-in-contrast-to-haloperidol-in-an-experimental-whole-heart-model
#18
Gerrit Frommeyer, Benedict Brücher, Henning von der Ahe, Sven Kaese, Dirk G Dechering, Simon Kochhäuser, Harilaos Bogossian, Peter Milberg, Lars Eckardt
In several case reports proarrhythmic effects of citalopram and escitalopram have been reported. Systematic analyses on prorarrhythmic effects of these drugs are not yet available. The aim of the present study was to investigate if application of citalopram, escitalopram or haloperidol provokes polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in a sensitive model of proarrhythmia. In isolated rabbit hearts monophasic action potentials and ECG showed a significant QT-prolongation after application of citalopram (2µM: +47ms, 4µM: +56ms, P<0...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214523/early-life-trauma-is-associated-with-altered-white-matter-integrity-and-affective-control
#19
Vincent Corbo, Melissa A Amick, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey, David H Salat
Early life trauma (ELT) has been shown to impair affective control and attention well into adulthood. Neuroimaging studies have further shown that ELT was associated with decreased white matter integrity in the prefrontal areas in children and adults. However, no study to date has looked at the relationship between white matter integrity and affective control in individuals with and without a history of ELT. To examine this, we tested 240 Veterans with (ELT N = 80) and without (NoELT N = 160) a history of childhood sexual abuse, physical abuse or family violence...
August 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183394/trauma-sequelae-are-uniquely-associated-with-components-of-self-reported-sleep-dysfunction-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#20
Joseph DeGutis, Christopher Chiu, Michelle Thai, Michael Esterman, William Milberg, Regina McGlinchey
While the associations between psychological distress (e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression) and sleep dysfunction have been demonstrated in trauma-exposed populations, studies have not fully explored the associations between sleep dysfunction and the wide range of common physical and physiological changes that can occur after trauma exposure (e.g., pain, cardiometabolic risk factors). We aimed to clarify the unique associations of psychological and physical trauma sequelae with different aspects of self-reported sleep dysfunction...
May 16, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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