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coronary artery anomaly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440008/novel-%C3%AE-actin-gene-mutation-p-ala21val-causing-familial-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-myocardial-noncompaction-and-transmural-crypts-clinical-pathologic-correlation
#1
Andrea Frustaci, Alessandro De Luca, Valentina Guida, Tommaso Biagini, Tommaso Mazza, Carlo Gaudio, Claudio Letizia, Matteo Antonio Russo, Nicola Galea, Cristina Chimenti
BACKGROUND: Mutations of α-actin gene (ACTC1) have been phenotypically related to various cardiac anomalies, including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and dilated cardiomyopathy and left ventricular (LV) myocardial noncompaction. A novel ACTC mutation is reported as cosegregating for familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and LV myocardial noncompaction with transmural crypts. METHODS AND RESULTS: In an Italian family of 7 subjects, 4 aged 10 (II-1), 14 (II-2), 43 (I-4) and 46 years (I-5), presenting abnormal ECG changes, dyspnea and palpitation (II-2, I-4, and I-5), and recurrent cerebral ischemic attack (I-5), underwent 2-dimensional echo, cardiac magnetic resonance, Holter monitoring, and next-generation sequencing gene analysis...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428001/an-extremely-rare-clinical-entity-congenitally-corrected-transposition-with-situs-%C3%A4-nversus-and-single-coronary-artery-presented-with-complete-atrioventricular-block-in-a-young-man
#2
Omer Faruk Cirakoglu, Ali Bayraktar, Muhammet Rasit Sayin
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare form of CHD. Situs inversus is a much less common variant of a congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. In rare cases, transposition events may be accompanied by various cardiac anomalies. However, situs inversus patients with congenitally corrected transposition, single coronary artery anomaly, and atrioventricular block together have not been reported previously. This combination of abnormalities is presented as a first in the literature...
February 12, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411245/single-coronary-artery-anomaly-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Ayman Elbadawi, Basarat Baig, Islam Y Elgendy, Erfan Alotaki, Ahmed H Mohamed, Kirolos Barssoum, David Fries, Muhammad Khan, Rami N Khouzam
INTRODUCTION: Single coronary artery is a rare anomaly, which is usually associated with other cardiac congenital abnormalities. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old female presented with unstable angina. The patient reported complaints of typical chest pain on exertion few months prior to presentation, which progressed to become at rest. The pain was associated palpitations and dizziness. Past medical history was significant for hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Vital signs were stable...
February 6, 2018: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400413/pregnancy-and-delivery-outcomes-from-patients-with-repaired-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery
#4
Miki Kanoh, Kei Inai, Tokuko Shinohara, Eriko Shimada, Mikiko Shimizu, Hirofumi Tomimatsu, Masaki Ogawa, Toshio Nakanishi
AIM: We investigated the clinical courses before and during pregnancy and after delivery in patients with repaired anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery to determine the impact of the hemodynamic changes and cardiac function on the selection of the appropriate mode of delivery. METHODS: Six patients who underwent coronary artery reimplantation delivered 10 infants. We scrutinized the patients' hemodynamic changes on echocardiographs and the plasma brain natriuretic peptide levels before and during pregnancy and after delivery, the perinatal outcomes and maternal and fetal events...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400376/prenatal-diagnosis-of-the-fetal-common-arterial-trunk-a-case-series
#5
Claudiu Marginean, Liliana Gozar, Cristina Oana Mărginean, Horațiu Suciu, Rodica Togănel, Iolanda Muntean, Maria Cezara Mureșan
Fetal common arterial trunk is an anomaly represented by a unique arterial trunk that arouses from the base of the heart, and gives birth to systemic branches, both pulmonary and coronary, frequently associated with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) and has a poor prognosis. We present a series of 17 cases diagnosed in our tertiary center with different types of fetal common arterial trunk, its associated disorders, the evolution of the pregnancies, and of the neonates. We concluded that our cases support the fact that a complete intrauterine evaluation of each case of the common arterial trunk is impossible...
February 4, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385449/superior-pulmonary-arterial-flap-for-the-repair-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-non-facing-pulmonary-sinus
#6
Chanyapat Kaewsaengeak, Teerapong Tocharoenchok
OBJECTIVES: The anomalous left coronary artery arising from the non-facing pulmonary sinus origin is uncommon but poses a great challenge as its distance precludes direct aortic implantation. We describe an innovative technique for aortic implantation of this anomaly in a 2-month-old infant. METHODS: Using a longitudinal pulmonary arterial flap, coronary tube extension was constructed without pulmonary commissure disturbance. RESULTS: Myocardial recovery after 2-coronary artery system restoration was excellent...
January 29, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356089/adult-presentation-of-alcapa-echo-and-ct-diagnosis
#7
Edmund Kenneth Kerut, Philip G Kogos, Jason H Anderson, Michael Turner, Robert Ascuitto, Nancy Ross-Ascuitto, Sameh M Said
A healthy 20-year-old male presented with aborted sudden death. Both thoracic echocardiography and cardiac computed tomographic angiography demonstrated the characteristic findings of ALCAPA noting a dilated and tortuous right coronary artery, dilated coronary collateral arteries within the interventricular septum or along the surface of the heart, and visualization of the left coronary artery origin from the posterior aspect of the main pulmonary artery. Both imaging modalities demonstrated all three characteristic findings of this rare coronary anomaly and served as complementary imaging studies for surgical correction...
January 21, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339681/case-image-superdominant-right-coronary-artery-and-left-anterior-descending-artery-arising-from-the-right-coronary-sinus-a-rare-coronary-artery-anomaly
#8
Alaa Quisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333832/an-incidentally-detected-anomalous-origin-of-the-right-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-in-an-infant
#9
Sezen Ugan Atik, Levent Saltik, Kazım Oztarhan, Helen Bornaun
Isolated anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery is a rare congenital anomaly, and few cases have been reported in the pediatric age group. Here in, we report an asymptomatic case of a 2-month-old male infant who has been diagnosed as anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery during the evaluation for cardiac abnormalities. For a suspicion on echocardiography, cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography performed to verify the diagnosis of anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317980/a-history-of-kawasaki-disease-from-childhood-and-coronary-artery-ectasia-with-recurrent-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-therapeutic-challenge
#10
Ashraf Abugroun, Daniel Vilchez, Osama Hallak, Anahita Shahrrava
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is an uncommon anomaly, usually found in 1.2-2% of patients undergoing coronary angiography, defined as a segment of the coronary artery that has a diameter of more than 1.5 times the normal adjacent segments. Atherosclerosis is considered as the cause of half of the CAE cases. We herein present a 65-year-old Asian male with past medical history of Kawasaki disease (KD) who developed recurrent episodes of inferior wall ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) despite treatment with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT)...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302558/report-on-a-rare-single-coronary-artery-anomaly-need-for-comprehensive-investigations
#11
Rishi Tuhin Guria, Utkarsh Gupta
Single coronary artery anomaly (SCAA) is a very rare disorder with an incidence of about 0.024%-0.066% which presents with the diverse feature but is mostly asymptomatic. It has found to be one of the pathological states to cause sudden death. We report a case of R-III type of SCAA as classified by Lipton et al. which is only about 15% of all the cases of SCAA which makes it even rarer. Hypoxic environment is thought to be an important cause for the development of such anomalies which gives us clues to determine the predisposing factors to be ruled out in patient's history...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301802/unusual-trifurcation-of-a-single-left-coronary-artery
#12
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Puneet Aggarwal, Vikas Mishra, Ramesh Thakur
Congenital coronary artery anomalies are rare and usually an incidental finding during coronary angiography. Most of the anomalies are benign in nature; however, some are malignant and may result in sudden cardiac death. A 46-year-old woman with diabetes and hypertension underwent coronary angiography for evaluation of exertional angina, which revealed an unusual trifurcation of a single left coronary artery with an anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the left anterior descending artery but no significant coronary narrowing...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297182/mdct-findings-of-a-rare-coronary-anomaly-the-first-septal-perforator-branch-originating-from-the-left-main-coronary-artery
#13
Ayse Gul Karadeniz, Muhammet Rasit Sayin, Selim Kul
Multislice/multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) is now widely used for noninvasive assessment of coronary arteries, and it may sometimes reveal coronary anomalies. Detection of such anomalies may be relevant both during follow-up and for planning cardiac or coronary surgical/interventional procedures. These anomalies may be missed unless carefully sought. In this paper, we present the MDCT images of a first septal perforator branch originating from the left main coronary artery, which represents an extremely rare coronary anomaly...
January 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296064/transcatheter-closure-of-right-coronary-artery-fistula-to-the-right-ventricle
#14
A Abu Haweleh, Luna Baangood, J V DeGiovanni
Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is an uncommon anomaly that is usually congenital but can be acquired. Although most patients are asymptomatic, some may present with congestive heart failure, infective endocarditis, myocardial ischemia or rupture. In the past, surgical ligation was the only option in the management of CAF, but since 1983, transcatheter closure of CAF has been increasing as an alternative to surgery. We report a 3-year-old boy, presented in Queen Alia Heart Institute, who underwent successful transcatheter closure of a large fistula communicating the distal part of the right coronary artery to the right ventricle...
January 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278631/prevalence-of-coronary-artery-anomalies-detected-by-coronary-ct-angiography-in-canton-sarajevo-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#15
Fuad Zukić, Miro Miljko, Sandra Vegar-Zubović, Adi Behmen, Antonela Krasić Arapović
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are congenital variations of one or more of the coronary arteries and they are an uncommon but important cause of chest pain and, in some cases, sudden cardiac death. Anomalies of coronary arteries may be found incidentally in 0.3-1% of healthy individuals. The three types of coronary artery anomalies are anomalies of origin, anomalies of course and anomalies of termination. The purpose of our study was to estimate the frequency of CAAs in Canton Sarajevo, B&H, and to deteremine the prevalence of origin, course and termination anomalies of coronary arteries...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246546/surgical-unroofing-of-intramural-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-in-pediatric-patients-single-center-perspective
#16
Shagun Sachdeva, Michele A Frommelt, Michael E Mitchell, James S Tweddell, Peter C Frommelt
BACKGROUND: Intramural anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. This is amenable to surgical coronary unroofing, but outcomes studies are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To perform a comprehensive review of our institutional experience with pediatric patients with AAOCA who underwent surgical repair with unroofing of the intramural segment, focusing on preoperative and postoperative course and testing as well as intraoperative findings...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244161/the-impact-of-coronary-anomalies-on-the-outcome-in-aortic-valve-surgery-comparison-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-versus-tricuspid-aortic-valve-morphotype
#17
Shiho Naito, Johannes Petersen, Hermann Reichenspurner, Evaldas Girdauskas
OBJECTIVES: The association of anomalous anatomy of coronary arteries and bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) has been sporadically reported. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of coronary anomalies between BAV and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) and to analyse their impact on major adverse cardiac events during and after aortic valve surgery. METHODS: A total of 1099 consecutive patients who received preoperative coronary evaluation and elective aortic valve replacement/repair between January 2013 and July 2016 at our institution were involved...
December 12, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233767/patch-repair-of-anomalous-origin-of-left-anterior-descending-artery-from-the-right-coronary-artery
#18
Nikki L Stamp, Christopher J Merry
Coronary artery anomalies occur in an estimated 1.3% of the population. We present a case of a 52 year-old-man who had a less common anomaly of a left anterior descending artery arising from the right coronary ostium, causing ischaemia and chest pain demonstrated by perfusion scan. The usual options of management of coronary anomalies were not suitable for this anatomy and thus, we present the case of patch augmentation of the arteries.
December 9, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233354/cardiac-computed-tomography-as-an-imaging-modality-in-coronary-anomalies
#19
Irem Karliova, Peter Fries, Jörg Schmidt, Ulrich Schneider, Ahmad Shalabi, Hans-Joachim Schäfers
Coronary artery fistulae and coronary aneurysms are rare anomalies. When they become symptomatic, they require precise anatomic information to allow for planning of the therapeutic procedure. We report a case in which both fistulae and aneurysm were present. The required information could only be obtained by electrocardiogram-gated computed tomography with reformation. This imaging modality should be considered in every case of fistula or coronary aneurysm.
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224269/-surgical-treatment-and-early-mid-follow-up-results-of-complete-atrioventricular-septal
#20
H J Cui, J Zhuang, J M Chen, J Z Cen, G Xu, S S Wen
Objective: To discuss the surgical treatment and early-mid follow-up results of complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD). Methods: The clinic data of 235 cases of CAVSD underwent surgical treatment at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital from June 2009 to June 2016 was analyzed retrospectively (104 male and 131 female patients). The patients were aged 18 days to 58 years (mid age 8.9 months) at surgery, and 2 cases of newborns (0.9%), 24 cases of 1 to 3 months (10.2%), 56 cases of 4 to 6 months (23...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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