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J Keshav Kumar, Akila Sadasivan
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue with the objective to provide information on neuropsychology in India. METHOD: Information was gathered from a literature search and personal communication with professionals working in the field of neuropsychology. RESULTS: Neuropsychology as a specialization started in India approximately 40 years ago. The early years witnessed the use of Western tools for assessing patients with organic brain damage...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Paul M Kaufmann
Clinical neuropsychologists accept more forensic referrals now and spend more time in forensic consulting than ever before. Recent surveys show weekly hours devoted to forensic consulting increased 97% in the past decade. During the same time period, the number of board certified neuropsychologists more than doubled. Under recently published Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology, clinical neuropsychologists practice forensic psychology when applying scientific, technical, or specialized knowledge of neuropsychology to the law to assist in addressing legal, contractual, or administrative matters...
September 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Darcy Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jerry J Sweet, Laura M Benson, Nathaniel W Nelson, Paul J Moberg
OBJECTIVE: The current survey updated professional practice and income information pertaining to clinical neuropsychology. METHODS: Doctoral-level members of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology, Division 40 (Clinical Neuropsychology) of the American Psychological Association, and the National Academy of Neuropsychology and other neuropsychologists, as well as postdoctoral trainees in the Association of Postdoctoral Programs in Clinical Neuropsychology and at other training sites were invited to participate in a web-based survey in early 2015...
2015: Clinical Neuropsychologist
John Stratton, Michael Brook, Robert E Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive dysfunction, a core feature of schizophrenia, is thought to contribute to the impulsive violent aggression manifested by some individuals with schizophrenia, but not enough is known about how homicidal individuals with schizophrenia perform on neuropsychological measures. AIMS: The primary aim of our study was to describe the neuropsychological profiles of homicide offenders with schizophrenia. Supplementary analyses compared the criminal, psychiatric and neuropsychological features of schizophrenic homicide offenders with and without God/Satan/demon-themed psychotic symptoms...
February 10, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Hirofumi Nishinaka, Jun Nakane, Takako Nagata, Atsushi Imai, Noriomi Kuroki, Noriko Sakikawa, Mayu Omori, Osamu Kuroda, Naotsugu Hirabayashi, Yoshito Igarashi, Kenji Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the legislation directing treatment of offenders with psychiatric disorders was enacted in 2005. Neuropsychological impairment is highly related to functional outcomes in patients with psychiatric disorders, and several studies have suggested an association between neuropsychological impairment and violent behaviors. However, there have been no studies of neuropsychological impairment in forensic patients covered by the Japanese legislation. This study is designed to examine the neuropsychological characteristics of forensic patients in comparison to healthy controls and to assess the relationship between neuropsychological impairment and violence risk...
2016: PloS One
Ottilie Sedgwick, Susan Young, Mrigendra Das, Veena Kumari
This systematic review aimed to examine whether neurobiological methods, or other methods independent of clinical judgment, have been investigated to assist decision making in forensic mental health services and, if so, whether this may be a useful strategy for predicting outcomes. OVID-Medline, Embase, and PsychInfo (inception-January 2015) were searched, limiting to English and human studies, using terms relating to "predict," "outcome," "psychiatry," and "forensic" to identify primary research articles reporting on predictors of outcome in forensic mental health services not reliant on clinical judgment/self-report...
January 22, 2016: CNS Spectrums
J F Ter Harmsel, T Molendijk, C G van El, A M'charek, M Kempes, T Rinne, T Pieters
BACKGROUND: Developments in neurosciences and genetics are relevant for forensic psychiatry. AIM: To find out whether and how genetic and neuroscientific applications are being used in forensic psychiatric assessments, and, if they are, to estimate to what extent new applications will fit in with these uses. METHOD: We analysed 60 forensic psychiatric assessments from the Netherlands Institute of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, Pieter Baan Center, and 30 non-clinical assessments from 2000 and 2009...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Independent Practice is intended to recognize outstanding independent practitioners in psychology. Nominations are considered for psychologists working in any area of clinical specialization, health services provision, or consulting, and services provided to any patient population or professional clientele in an independent setting. The 2015 recipient is Glenn J. Larrabee, who "is internationally recognized for his publications on test validity, memory assessment, mild traumatic brain injury, malingering, and the scientific practice of forensic neuropsychology...
November 2015: American Psychologist
Elizabeth L Leonard
Neuropsychologists are frequently asked to serve as expert witnesses in an increasing number of legal contexts for civil and criminal proceedings. The skills required to practice forensic neuropsychology expand upon the knowledge, skills, and abilities developed by clinical neuropsychologists. Forensic neuropsychologists acquire expertise in understanding the roles and various functions of the legal system, as well as their role in addressing psycholegal questions to assist fact finders in making legal decisions...
September 2015: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Phillip K Martin, Ryan W Schroeder, Anthony P Odland
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated changes in neuropsychologists' validity testing beliefs and practices since publication of the last North American survey targeting these issues in 2007 and explored emerging issues in validity testing that had not been previously addressed in the professional survey literature. METHODS: Licensed North American neuropsychologists (n = 316), who primarily evaluate adults, were surveyed in regard to the following topics: (1) comparison of objective validity testing, qualitative data, and clinical judgment; (2) approaches to validity test administration; (3) formal communication in cases of suspected malingering; (4) reporting of validity test results; (5) suspected causes of invalidity; (6) integration of stand-alone, embedded, and symptom-report validity measures; (7) multiple performance validity test interpretation; (8) research practices; and (9) popularity of specific validity instruments...
2015: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Shane R Jimerson
Internationally renowned school and educational psychologist Thomas D. Oakland died tragically on March 4, 2015, at his home in Gainesville, Florida. Tom was born on November 23, 1939, in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Tom is survived by his first wife, Judy (Defferding) Higgins and their sons: David Thomas Oakland, of Houston, Texas, and Christopher Oakland, of Austin, Texas. Tom is also survived by his daughter-in-law, Patricia Oakland, and three children: Jacob, Sara Cate, and Brooks. Early in his career, Tom became actively engaged in international scholarship and collaborations...
September 2015: American Psychologist
Robert E Hanlon, Michael Brook, Jason A Demery, Mark D Cunningham
Domestic homicide is the most extreme form of domestic violence and one of the most common types of homicide. The objective was to examine differences between spontaneous domestic homicide and nondomestic homicide offenders regarding demographics, psychiatric history, crime characteristics, and neuropsychological status, utilizing neuropsychological test data from forensic examinations of 153 murderers. Using standard crime classification criteria, 33% committed spontaneous domestic homicides (SDH) and 61% committed nondomestic homicides (NDH)...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Rachel L Fazio, James Forrest Sanders, Robert L Denney
Compared with the amount of neuropsychological literature surrounding response bias in civil litigation, there is little regarding criminal cases. This study adds to the criminal forensic neuropsychological literature by comparing the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and the Word Memory Test (WMT) in a criminal forensic setting utilizing a criterion-groups design. Subjects were classified into two groups based on their performance on at least two other freestanding performance validity tests. The WMT demonstrated good sensitivity (95...
June 2015: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Allen Azizian, Shane Hutton, Doriann Hughes, Shoba Sreenivasan
Sexually Violent Predator statutes allow the involuntary treatment of individuals who are found to pose a threat to public safety. Most sex offender treatment programs rely on cognitive interventions to reduce the risk of recidivism. The purpose of this study was to examine (a) whether individuals with paraphilia diagnoses have cognitive deficits compared with the general population; (b) whether individuals diagnosed with pedophilia differed on cognitive performance when compared with individuals diagnosed with paraphilia not otherwise specified (NOS), nonconsent; and (c) whether individuals with paraphilia plus antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) differed in cognitive performance when compared with individuals with a paraphilia diagnosis only...
February 19, 2015: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Adam H Crighton, Dustin B Wygant, Katrina R Holt, Robert P Granacher
The current study examined two embedded response bias measures in the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), the Effort Index (EI) and Effort Scale (ES), in relation to Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction criteria. We examined 105 individuals undergoing compensation-seeking disability evaluations. The results suggest the EI adequately differentiates the Probable/Definite Malingering group from the Incentive Only and Possible Malingering groups, while the ES does not, which is most likely representative of the current sample of disability litigants rather than its intended population of patients with amnesia...
May 2015: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Parnian Toofanian Ross, Claudia B Padula, Stephen R Nitch, Dominique I Kinney
Intact cognition is a foundational component of one's ability to be competent to stand trial. Given the cost of assessing and treating incompetence, it is recommended that clinicians develop efficient methods to identify individuals who are most likely to require intensive competence-related treatment interventions. This study sought to ascertain whether a brief cognitive screening instrument, the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), could predict the length of stay required to restore trial competency among 288 forensic psychiatric inpatients undergoing competency restoration treatment...
2015: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Michael J Takagi, Dan I Lubman, Murat Yücel
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the need to carefully consider mental health, psychosocial and motivational factors when investigating cognitive and intellectual impairment among chronic inhalant users. METHODS: Two adolescent chronic inhalant users with similar psychosocial disadvantages (eg unstable and dysfunctional families, state-based care, school absenteeism and forensic issues) and histories of comorbid drug use and mental health problems were assessed using a battery of paper and pencil and computerised neuropsychological tests...
February 2008: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Julie K Irwin, Michael Joschko, Kimberly A Kerns
The purpose of the current study was to assess the validity of the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scale's (RIAS) index and subtest scores by examining whether the RIAS conforms to Carroll's ( 1993 ) three-stratum theory of cognitive ability and the Cattell-Horn Gf-Gc (Horn & Cattell, 1966 ) theory of intelligence upon which it was based. Factor structures of RIAS scores from typically developing (n = 187) and mixed clinical groups (n = 164), 4-18 years old, were compared using confirmatory factor analysis...
2014: Clinical Neuropsychologist
X Seron
The issue of lying occurs in neuropsychology especially when examinations are conducted in a forensic context. When a subject intentionally either presents non-existent deficits or exaggerates their severity to obtain financial or material compensation, this behaviour is termed malingering. Malingering is discussed in the general framework of lying in psychology, and the different procedures used by neuropsychologists to evidence a lack of collaboration at examination are briefly presented and discussed. When a lack of collaboration is observed, specific emphasis is placed on the difficulty in unambiguously establishing that this results from the patient's voluntary decision...
October 2014: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
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