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FORENSIC NEUROPSYCHOLOGY

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520974/the-neuropsychological-assessment-of-justice-involved-men-descriptive-analysis-preliminary-data-and-a-case-for-group-specific-norms
#1
Casey LaDuke, David DeMatteo, Kirk Heilbrun, Jennifer Gallo, Thomas Swirsky-Sacchetti
Objective: Neuropsychological expertise has played an increasing role in legal decision-making in criminal contexts. Valid neuropsychological evidence in criminal forensic contexts requires normative data that are representative of justice-involved individuals. Unfortunately, existing normative data appear unlikely to represent justice-involved individuals due to significant demographic and clinical factors specific to this population. As a result, the interpretation of neuropsychological performance with justice-involved individuals using existing normative data may increase the risk of inaccurate description, invalid clinical conceptualization, misdiagnosis of impairment, and misattribution of deficits in functional-legal capacities...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334240/the-use-of-rbans-among-inpatient-forensic-monolingual-spanish-speakers
#2
Cynthia Aguilar, Kenny A Karyadi, Dominique I Kinney, Stephen R Nitch
Objective: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) has been shown to be an effective screener for detecting neurocognitive impairments in English speaking forensic psychiatric inpatients, but no studies have examined whether the RBANS would have the same utility among monolingual Spanish speaking inpatients. This study sought to examine RBANS performance, as well as risk factors (i.e., educational, neurological, and medical) influencing RBANS performance, in that particular population...
June 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291039/performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychology-scientific-basis-and-clinical-application-a-brief-review
#3
Michael R Greher, Thomas R Wodushek
Performance validity testing refers to neuropsychologists' methodology for determining whether neuropsychological test performances completed in the course of an evaluation are valid (ie, the results of true neurocognitive function) or invalid (ie, overly impacted by the patient's effort/engagement in testing). This determination relies upon the use of either standalone tests designed for this sole purpose, or specific scores/indicators embedded within traditional neuropsychological measures that have demonstrated this utility...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976785/-the-importance-of-neuropsychological-assessment-for-forensic-psychiatric-evaluations-of-defendants
#4
S N T M Schouws, C Jonker, G Meynen
In criminal law, increased interest is being shown in brain disorders, cognitive impairment and neuroimaging, particularly in connection with pre-trial reports. In a number of cases the contribution made by neuropsychology to the forensic diagnosis is considerable, and there is a need for further clarification.<br/> AIM: To clarify the relevance of the neuropsychological assessment of suspects and to explore the implications for forensic psychiatry.<br/> METHOD: We discuss recent literature and present a characteristic case selected from the Dutch jurisdiction...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827539/exploratory-analysis-of-cvlt-ii-forced-choice-recognition-and-rbans-ei-base-rates-for-forensically-committed-psychotic-disordered-inpatients-implications-on-clinical-decision-making
#5
Stacey M Bayan, Steve Nitch, Dominique Kinney, Marina Kaminetskaya
Within the inpatient forensic setting, requests for a neuropsychological evaluation are common to determine cognitive strengths and weaknesses. However, variable effort proves to be a prominent issue in this setting. Thus, assessment of effort becomes an essential component of a neuropsychological evaluation. The California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition (CVLT-II) and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) are widely utilized cognitive measures in the inpatient setting...
November 9, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810113/prediction-of-occupational-disability-from-psychological-and-neuropsychological-evidence-in-forensic-context
#6
Izabela Z Schultz, Ada K Law, Leanna C Cruikshank
Within the fields of psychiatry, psychology, and neuropsychology, medical examiners are often tasked with providing an opinion about an injured individual's health prognosis and likelihood of returning to work. Traditionally, examiners have conducted such assessments by employing clinical intuition, expert knowledge, and judgment. More recently, however, an accumulation of research on factors predictive of disability has allowed examiners to provide prognostications using specific empirically supported evidence...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808560/evidence-based-psychological-assessment
#7
Robert F Bornstein
In recent years there has been increasing emphasis on evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP), and as is true in most health care professions, the primary focus of EBPP has been on treatment. Comparatively little attention has been devoted to applying the principles of EBPP to psychological assessment, despite the fact that assessment plays a central role in myriad domains of empirical and applied psychology (e.g., research, forensics, behavioral health, risk management, diagnosis and classification in mental health settings, documentation of neuropsychological impairment and recovery, personnel selection and placement in organizational contexts)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805429/effects-of-handcuffs-on-neuropsychological-testing-implications-for-criminal-forensic-evaluations
#8
Christine M Biddle, Rachel L Fazio, Fiona Dyshniku, Robert L Denney
Neuropsychological evaluations are increasingly performed in forensic contexts, including in criminal settings where security sometimes cannot be compromised to facilitate evaluation according to standardized procedures. Interpretation of nonstandardized assessment results poses significant challenges for the neuropsychologist. Research is limited in regard to the validation of neuropsychological test accommodation and modification practices that deviate from standard test administration; there is no published research regarding the effects of hand restraints upon neuropsychological evaluation results...
November 2, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685437/neuropsychology-in-india
#9
J Keshav Kumar, Akila Sadasivan
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue with the objective to provide information on neuropsychology in India. METHOD: Information was gathered from a literature search and personal communication with professionals working in the field of neuropsychology. RESULTS: Neuropsychology as a specialization started in India approximately 40 years ago. The early years witnessed the use of Western tools for assessing patients with organic brain damage...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538441/neuropsychologist-experts-and-civil-capacity-evaluations-representative-cases
#10
REVIEW
Paul M Kaufmann
Clinical neuropsychologists accept more forensic referrals now and spend more time in forensic consulting than ever before. Recent surveys show weekly hours devoted to forensic consulting increased 97% in the past decade. During the same time period, the number of board certified neuropsychologists more than doubled. Under recently published Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology, clinical neuropsychologists practice forensic psychology when applying scientific, technical, or specialized knowledge of neuropsychology to the law to assist in addressing legal, contractual, or administrative matters...
September 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932751/forensic-neuropsychology-a-scientific-approach-2nd-ed-why-do-we-do-what-we-do
#11
Darcy Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878229/the-american-academy-of-clinical-neuropsychology-national-academy-of-neuropsychology-and-society-for-clinical-neuropsychology-apa-division-40-2015-tcn-professional-practice-and-salary-survey-professional-practices-beliefs-and-incomes-of-u-s-neuropsychologists
#12
Jerry J Sweet, Laura M Benson, Nathaniel W Nelson, Paul J Moberg
OBJECTIVE: The current survey updated professional practice and income information pertaining to clinical neuropsychology. METHODS: Doctoral-level members of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology, Division 40 (Clinical Neuropsychology) of the American Psychological Association, and the National Academy of Neuropsychology and other neuropsychologists, as well as postdoctoral trainees in the Association of Postdoctoral Programs in Clinical Neuropsychology and at other training sites were invited to participate in a web-based survey in early 2015...
2015: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26864713/murder-and-psychosis-neuropsychological-profiles-of-homicide-offenders-with-schizophrenia
#13
John Stratton, Michael Brook, Robert E Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive dysfunction, a core feature of schizophrenia, is thought to contribute to the impulsive violent aggression manifested by some individuals with schizophrenia, but not enough is known about how homicidal individuals with schizophrenia perform on neuropsychological measures. AIMS: The primary aim of our study was to describe the neuropsychological profiles of homicide offenders with schizophrenia. Supplementary analyses compared the criminal, psychiatric and neuropsychological features of schizophrenic homicide offenders with and without God/Satan/demon-themed psychotic symptoms...
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26824701/neuropsychological-impairment-and-its-association-with-violence-risk-in-japanese-forensic-psychiatric-patients-a-case-control-study
#14
Hirofumi Nishinaka, Jun Nakane, Takako Nagata, Atsushi Imai, Noriomi Kuroki, Noriko Sakikawa, Mayu Omori, Osamu Kuroda, Naotsugu Hirabayashi, Yoshito Igarashi, Kenji Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the legislation directing treatment of offenders with psychiatric disorders was enacted in 2005. Neuropsychological impairment is highly related to functional outcomes in patients with psychiatric disorders, and several studies have suggested an association between neuropsychological impairment and violent behaviors. However, there have been no studies of neuropsychological impairment in forensic patients covered by the Japanese legislation. This study is designed to examine the neuropsychological characteristics of forensic patients in comparison to healthy controls and to assess the relationship between neuropsychological impairment and violence risk...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26797162/objective-predictors-of-outcome-in-forensic-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review
#15
Ottilie Sedgwick, Susan Young, Mrigendra Das, Veena Kumari
This systematic review aimed to examine whether neurobiological methods, or other methods independent of clinical judgment, have been investigated to assist decision making in forensic mental health services and, if so, whether this may be a useful strategy for predicting outcomes. OVID-Medline, Embase, and PsychInfo (inception-January 2015) were searched, limiting to English and human studies, using terms relating to "predict," "outcome," "psychiatry," and "forensic" to identify primary research articles reporting on predictors of outcome in forensic mental health services not reliant on clinical judgment/self-report...
January 22, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779752/-forensic-assessments-from-the-netherlands-institute-of-forensic-psychiatry-and-psychology-in-retrospect-applications-of-genetics-and-neuroscience-in-2000-and-2009
#16
J F Ter Harmsel, T Molendijk, C G van El, A M'charek, M Kempes, T Rinne, T Pieters
BACKGROUND: Developments in neurosciences and genetics are relevant for forensic psychiatry. AIM: To find out whether and how genetic and neuroscientific applications are being used in forensic psychiatric assessments, and, if they are, to estimate to what extent new applications will fit in with these uses. METHOD: We analysed 60 forensic psychiatric assessments from the Netherlands Institute of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, Pieter Baan Center, and 30 non-clinical assessments from 2000 and 2009...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26618970/glenn-j-larrabee-award-for-distinguished-professional-contributions-to-independent-practice
#17
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Independent Practice is intended to recognize outstanding independent practitioners in psychology. Nominations are considered for psychologists working in any area of clinical specialization, health services provision, or consulting, and services provided to any patient population or professional clientele in an independent setting. The 2015 recipient is Glenn J. Larrabee, who "is internationally recognized for his publications on test validity, memory assessment, mild traumatic brain injury, malingering, and the scientific practice of forensic neuropsychology...
November 2015: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26409570/forensic-neuropsychology-and-expert-witness-testimony-an-overview-of-forensic-practice
#18
Elizabeth L Leonard
Neuropsychologists are frequently asked to serve as expert witnesses in an increasing number of legal contexts for civil and criminal proceedings. The skills required to practice forensic neuropsychology expand upon the knowledge, skills, and abilities developed by clinical neuropsychologists. Forensic neuropsychologists acquire expertise in understanding the roles and various functions of the legal system, as well as their role in addressing psycholegal questions to assist fact finders in making legal decisions...
September 2015: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26390099/-formula-see-text-neuropsychologists-validity-testing-beliefs-and-practices-a-survey-of-north-american-professionals
#19
Phillip K Martin, Ryan W Schroeder, Anthony P Odland
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated changes in neuropsychologists' validity testing beliefs and practices since publication of the last North American survey targeting these issues in 2007 and explored emerging issues in validity testing that had not been previously addressed in the professional survey literature. METHODS: Licensed North American neuropsychologists (n = 316), who primarily evaluate adults, were surveyed in regard to the following topics: (1) comparison of objective validity testing, qualitative data, and clinical judgment; (2) approaches to validity test administration; (3) formal communication in cases of suspected malingering; (4) reporting of validity test results; (5) suspected causes of invalidity; (6) integration of stand-alone, embedded, and symptom-report validity measures; (7) multiple performance validity test interpretation; (8) research practices; and (9) popularity of specific validity instruments...
2015: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26348339/thomas-d-oakland-1939-2015
#20
Shane R Jimerson
Internationally renowned school and educational psychologist Thomas D. Oakland died tragically on March 4, 2015, at his home in Gainesville, Florida. Tom was born on November 23, 1939, in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Tom is survived by his first wife, Judy (Defferding) Higgins and their sons: David Thomas Oakland, of Houston, Texas, and Christopher Oakland, of Austin, Texas. Tom is also survived by his daughter-in-law, Patricia Oakland, and three children: Jacob, Sara Cate, and Brooks. Early in his career, Tom became actively engaged in international scholarship and collaborations...
September 2015: American Psychologist
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