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FORENSIC NEUROPSYCHOLOGY

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373627/comparison-of-performance-of-the-vip-and-wmt-in-a-criminal-forensic-sample
#1
Rachel L Fazio, Robert L Denney
Objective: To compare the efficacy of the Validity Indicator Profile (VIP) and Word Memory Test (WMT) in a criminal forensic population. Method: Potential participants included 225 male evaluees from a maximum-security Federal prison referred for neuropsychological evaluation for either forensic purposes or for suspected neurocognitive dysfunction as part of a medical evaluation. Examinees were included in the analysis if administered the VIP (Verbal, Nonverbal, or both tests) and WMT along with at least two other freestanding PVTs; 74 satisfied these criteria...
January 24, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342485/-driving-ability-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#2
Klaus Schmidtke
Executive functions, visuo-spatial processing and control of behaviour are pertinent for safe driving. In patients with mild cognitive impairment and dementia, these abilities can be impaired, in addition to age-related impairments, and driving ability can be compromised at an early stage. Neurologists and psychiatrists play an important role in the examination, counseling and, if required, the issuing of a medical driving ban. Mistakes in this process may ensue forensic sequelae for the involved physicians...
January 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154567/faces-and-facets-the-variability-of-emotion-recognition-in-psychopathy-reflects-its-affective-and-antisocial-features
#3
Artemis Igoumenou, Catherine J Harmer, Min Yang, Jeremy W Coid, Robert D Rogers
Psychopathy consists of a constellation of affective-interpersonal features including lack of empathy, callousness, manipulativeness and interpersonal charm, impulsiveness and irresponsibility. Despite its theoretical and predictive value in forensic contexts, the relationships between the psychometric dimensions of psychopathy, including its antisocial features, and the construct's neuropsychological characteristics remain uncertain. In this study, 685 personality-disordered prisoners with histories of serious violent or sexual offenses were assessed for psychopathy before completing a computerized and well-validated assessment of the ability to recognize emotional expressions in the face...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050993/psychological-causes-of-autobiographical-amnesia-a-study-of-28-cases
#4
Angelica Staniloiu, Hans J Markowitsch, Andreas Kordon
Autobiographical amnesia is found in patients with focal or diffuse brain damage ("organic amnesia"), but also without overt brain damage (at least when measured with conventional brain imaging methods). This last condition is usually named dissociative amnesia at present, and was originally described as hysteria. Classically and traditionally, dissociative amnesia is seen as a disorder that causes retrograde amnesia in the autobiographical domain in the aftermath of incidents of major psychological stress or trauma...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922010/detecting-memory-performance-validity-with-detects-a-computerized-performance-validity-test
#5
Rui Paulo, Pedro B Albuquerque
Evaluating performance validity is essential in neuropsychological and forensic assessments. Nonetheless, most psychological assessment tests are unable to detect performance validity and other methods must be used for this purpose. A new Performance Validity Test (DETECTS - Memory Performance Validity Test) was developed with several characteristics that enhance test utility. Moreover, precise response time measurement was added to DETECTS. Two groups of participants (normative and simulator group) completed DETECTS and three memory tests from the Wechsler Memory Scale III...
September 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874091/gender-in-clinical-neuropsychology-practice-survey-trends-and-comparisons-outside-the-specialty
#6
Jerry J Sweet, Catherine Lee, Leslie M Guidotti Breting, Laura M Benson
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes gender-related trends within clinical neuropsychology, based primarily on recurrent practice surveys within the specialty and, to a lesser extent, job-related information from medical specialties and the general U.S. labor market. METHOD: Chronological and cross-sectional analyses of professional practice survey data from 2005, 2010, and 2015 relevant to gender. As is common with survey data, descriptive analysis and independent samples t-tests were conducted...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675974/toward-generally-accepted-forensic-assessment-practices-among-clinical-neuropsychologists-a-survey-of-professional-practice-and-common-test-use
#7
Casey LaDuke, William Barr, Donald L Brodale, Laura A Rabin
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated professional practice and common test use among clinical neuropsychologists engaging in forensic assessment. METHOD:  Doctorate-level psychologists active in the practice of neuropsychology and on the INS and NAN membership listings (n = 502) were surveyed about their demographics, professional practice, and common test use. Participants who reported engaging in forensic practice (n = 255) were further surveyed about their forensic practice...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520974/the-neuropsychological-assessment-of-justice-involved-men-descriptive-analysis-preliminary-data-and-a-case-for-group-specific-norms
#8
Casey LaDuke, David DeMatteo, Kirk Heilbrun, Jennifer Gallo, Thomas Swirsky-Sacchetti
Objective: Neuropsychological expertise has played an increasing role in legal decision-making in criminal contexts. Valid neuropsychological evidence in criminal forensic contexts requires normative data that are representative of justice-involved individuals. Unfortunately, existing normative data appear unlikely to represent justice-involved individuals due to significant demographic and clinical factors specific to this population. As a result, the interpretation of neuropsychological performance with justice-involved individuals using existing normative data may increase the risk of inaccurate description, invalid clinical conceptualization, misdiagnosis of impairment, and misattribution of deficits in functional-legal capacities...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334240/the-use-of-rbans-among-inpatient-forensic-monolingual-spanish-speakers
#9
Cynthia Aguilar, Kenny A Karyadi, Dominique I Kinney, Stephen R Nitch
Objective: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) has been shown to be an effective screener for detecting neurocognitive impairments in English speaking forensic psychiatric inpatients, but no studies have examined whether the RBANS would have the same utility among monolingual Spanish speaking inpatients. This study sought to examine RBANS performance, as well as risk factors (i.e., educational, neurological, and medical) influencing RBANS performance, in that particular population...
June 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291039/performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychology-scientific-basis-and-clinical-application-a-brief-review
#10
REVIEW
Michael R Greher, Thomas R Wodushek
Performance validity testing refers to neuropsychologists' methodology for determining whether neuropsychological test performances completed in the course of an evaluation are valid (ie, the results of true neurocognitive function) or invalid (ie, overly impacted by the patient's effort/engagement in testing). This determination relies upon the use of either standalone tests designed for this sole purpose, or specific scores/indicators embedded within traditional neuropsychological measures that have demonstrated this utility...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976785/-the-importance-of-neuropsychological-assessment-for-forensic-psychiatric-evaluations-of-defendants
#11
S N T M Schouws, C Jonker, G Meynen
In criminal law, increased interest is being shown in brain disorders, cognitive impairment and neuroimaging, particularly in connection with pre-trial reports. In a number of cases the contribution made by neuropsychology to the forensic diagnosis is considerable, and there is a need for further clarification.<br/> AIM: To clarify the relevance of the neuropsychological assessment of suspects and to explore the implications for forensic psychiatry.<br/> METHOD: We discuss recent literature and present a characteristic case selected from the Dutch jurisdiction...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827539/exploratory-analysis-of-cvlt-ii-forced-choice-recognition-and-rbans-ei-base-rates-for-forensically-committed-psychotic-disordered-inpatients-implications-on-clinical-decision-making
#12
Stacey M Bayan, Steve Nitch, Dominique Kinney, Marina Kaminetskaya
Within the inpatient forensic setting, requests for a neuropsychological evaluation are common to determine cognitive strengths and weaknesses. However, variable effort proves to be a prominent issue in this setting. Thus, assessment of effort becomes an essential component of a neuropsychological evaluation. The California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition (CVLT-II) and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) are widely utilized cognitive measures in the inpatient setting...
November 9, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810113/prediction-of-occupational-disability-from-psychological-and-neuropsychological-evidence-in-forensic-context
#13
Izabela Z Schultz, Ada K Law, Leanna C Cruikshank
Within the fields of psychiatry, psychology, and neuropsychology, medical examiners are often tasked with providing an opinion about an injured individual's health prognosis and likelihood of returning to work. Traditionally, examiners have conducted such assessments by employing clinical intuition, expert knowledge, and judgment. More recently, however, an accumulation of research on factors predictive of disability has allowed examiners to provide prognostications using specific empirically supported evidence...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808560/evidence-based-psychological-assessment
#14
Robert F Bornstein
In recent years there has been increasing emphasis on evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP), and as is true in most health care professions, the primary focus of EBPP has been on treatment. Comparatively little attention has been devoted to applying the principles of EBPP to psychological assessment, despite the fact that assessment plays a central role in myriad domains of empirical and applied psychology (e.g., research, forensics, behavioral health, risk management, diagnosis and classification in mental health settings, documentation of neuropsychological impairment and recovery, personnel selection and placement in organizational contexts)...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805429/effects-of-handcuffs-on-neuropsychological-testing-implications-for-criminal-forensic-evaluations
#15
Christine M Biddle, Rachel L Fazio, Fiona Dyshniku, Robert L Denney
Neuropsychological evaluations are increasingly performed in forensic contexts, including in criminal settings where security sometimes cannot be compromised to facilitate evaluation according to standardized procedures. Interpretation of nonstandardized assessment results poses significant challenges for the neuropsychologist. Research is limited in regard to the validation of neuropsychological test accommodation and modification practices that deviate from standard test administration; there is no published research regarding the effects of hand restraints upon neuropsychological evaluation results...
November 2, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685437/neuropsychology-in-india
#16
REVIEW
J Keshav Kumar, Akila Sadasivan
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue with the objective to provide information on neuropsychology in India. METHOD: Information was gathered from a literature search and personal communication with professionals working in the field of neuropsychology. RESULTS: Neuropsychology as a specialization started in India approximately 40 years ago. The early years witnessed the use of Western tools for assessing patients with organic brain damage...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538441/neuropsychologist-experts-and-civil-capacity-evaluations-representative-cases
#17
REVIEW
Paul M Kaufmann
Clinical neuropsychologists accept more forensic referrals now and spend more time in forensic consulting than ever before. Recent surveys show weekly hours devoted to forensic consulting increased 97% in the past decade. During the same time period, the number of board certified neuropsychologists more than doubled. Under recently published Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology, clinical neuropsychologists practice forensic psychology when applying scientific, technical, or specialized knowledge of neuropsychology to the law to assist in addressing legal, contractual, or administrative matters...
September 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932751/forensic-neuropsychology-a-scientific-approach-2nd-ed-why-do-we-do-what-we-do
#18
Darcy Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878229/the-american-academy-of-clinical-neuropsychology-national-academy-of-neuropsychology-and-society-for-clinical-neuropsychology-apa-division-40-2015-tcn-professional-practice-and-salary-survey-professional-practices-beliefs-and-incomes-of-u-s-neuropsychologists
#19
Jerry J Sweet, Laura M Benson, Nathaniel W Nelson, Paul J Moberg
OBJECTIVE: The current survey updated professional practice and income information pertaining to clinical neuropsychology. METHODS: Doctoral-level members of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology, Division 40 (Clinical Neuropsychology) of the American Psychological Association, and the National Academy of Neuropsychology and other neuropsychologists, as well as postdoctoral trainees in the Association of Postdoctoral Programs in Clinical Neuropsychology and at other training sites were invited to participate in a web-based survey in early 2015...
2015: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26864713/murder-and-psychosis-neuropsychological-profiles-of-homicide-offenders-with-schizophrenia
#20
John Stratton, Michael Brook, Robert E Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive dysfunction, a core feature of schizophrenia, is thought to contribute to the impulsive violent aggression manifested by some individuals with schizophrenia, but not enough is known about how homicidal individuals with schizophrenia perform on neuropsychological measures. AIMS: The primary aim of our study was to describe the neuropsychological profiles of homicide offenders with schizophrenia. Supplementary analyses compared the criminal, psychiatric and neuropsychological features of schizophrenic homicide offenders with and without God/Satan/demon-themed psychotic symptoms...
April 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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