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Stromal Vascular Fraction and Osteoarthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993845/-new-experimental-strategies-in-cartilage-surgery
#1
REVIEW
L Rackwitz, J C Reichert, O Pullig, U Nöth
BACKGROUND: Cell and growth factor based strategies bear great potential to support the healing processes in cartilage repair and the therapy of osteoarthritic joints. OBJECTIVES: The following review provides an overview of novel experimental strategies for the therapy of focal cartilage defects and osteoarthritis, with emphasis on cell and growth factor based approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors summarize their own data regarding the intraarticular injection of stem cells to treat osteoarthritis of the knee and provide a synopsis of the available literature discussing the most significant publications...
October 9, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800775/lack-of-high-bmi-related-features-in-adipocytes-and-inflammatory-cells-in-the-infrapatellar-fat-pad-ifp
#2
Anja J de Jong, Inge R Klein-Wieringa, Stefan N Andersen, Joanneke C Kwekkeboom, Linda Herb-van Toorn, Badelog J E de Lange-Brokaar, Danny van Delft, John Garcia, Wu Wei, Huub J L van der Heide, Yvonne M Bastiaansen-Jenniskens, Gerjo J V M van Osch, Annemarie M Zuurmond, Vedrana Stojanovic-Susulic, Rob G H H Nelissen, René E M Toes, Margreet Kloppenburg, Andreea Ioan-Facsinay
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with the development and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). Although the infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) could be involved in this association, due to its intracapsular localization in the knee joint, there is currently little known about the effect of obesity on the IFP. Therefore, we investigated cellular and molecular body mass index (BMI)-related features in the IFP of OA patients. METHODS: Patients with knee OA (N = 155, 68% women, mean age 65 years, mean (SD) BMI 29...
August 11, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769981/human-suprapatellar-fat-pad-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-induce-chondrogenesis-and-cartilage-repair-in-a-model-of-severe-osteoarthritis
#3
Ignacio Muñoz-Criado, Jose Meseguer-Ripolles, Maravillas Mellado-López, Ana Alastrue-Agudo, Richard J Griffeth, Jerónimo Forteza-Vila, Ramón Cugat, Montserrat García, Victoria Moreno-Manzano
Cartilage degeneration is associated with degenerative bone and joint processes in severe osteoarthritis (OA). Spontaneous cartilage regeneration is extremely limited. Often the treatment consists of a partial or complete joint implant. Adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) transplantation has been shown to restore degenerated cartilage; however, regenerative differences of ASC would depend on the source of adipose tissue. The infra- and suprapatellar fat pads surrounding the knee offer a potential autologous source of ASC for patients after complete joint substitution...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629466/intra-articular-injection-in-the-knee-of-adipose-derived-stromal-cells-stromal-vascular-fraction-and-platelet-rich-plasma-for-osteoarthritis
#4
Himanshu Bansal, Kristin Comella, Jerry Leon, Poonam Verma, Diwaker Agrawal, Prasad Koka, Thomas Ichim
BACKGROUND: Stromal vascular fraction (SVF) can easily be obtained from a mini-lipoaspirate procedure of fat tissue and platelet rich plasma (PRP) can be obtained from peripheral blood. We evaluated the safety and preliminary efficacy of administering SVF and PRP intra-articularly into patients with osteoarthritis grade 1 and 2. METHODS: A total of ten patients underwent a local tumescent liposuction procedure to remove approximately 100 ml of fat tissue from the abdomen...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619097/adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-in-regenerative-medicine-a-brief-review-on-biology-and-translation
#5
REVIEW
Pablo Bora, Anish S Majumdar
Adipose/fat tissue provides an abundant source of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells for immediate administration and can also give rise to a substantial number of cultured, multipotent adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs). Recently, both SVF and ADSCs have gained wide-ranging translational significance in regenerative medicine. Initially used for cosmetic breast enhancement, this mode of treatment has found use in many diseases involving immune disorders, tissue degeneration, and ischaemic conditions. In this review, we try to address several important aspects of this field, outlining the biology, technology, translation, and challenges related to SVF- and ADSC-based therapies...
June 15, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170179/comparative-clinical-observation-of-arthroscopic-microfracture-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-a-stromal-vascular-fraction-injection-for-osteoarthritis
#6
Phu Dinh Nguyen, Tung Dang-Xuan Tran, Huynh Ton-Ngoc Nguyen, Hieu Trung Vu, Phuong Thi-Bich Le, Nhan Lu-Chinh Phan, Ngoc Bich Vu, Ngoc Kim Phan, Phuc Van Pham
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative cartilage disease that is characterized by a local inflammatory reaction. Consequently, many studies have been performed to identify suitable prevention and treatment interventions. In recent years, both arthroscopic microfracture (AM) and stem cell therapy have been used clinically to treat OA. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical effects of AM in the presence and absence of a stromal vascular fraction (SVF) injection in the management of patients with OA. Thirty patients with grade 2 or 3 (Lawrence scale) OA of the knee participated in this study...
January 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143470/current-use-of-autologous-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-cells-for-orthopedic-applications
#7
REVIEW
Jaewoo Pak, Jung Hun Lee, Kwang Seung Park, Moonhee Park, Lin-Woo Kang, Sang Hee Lee
Autologous adipose stromal vascular fractions (SVFs) containing adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are currently being used in clinical settings for various orthopedic applications for human patients. Due to its potential capability of regenerating cartilage, bone, and tendons, autologous adipose SVFs are being tried in treating patients with osteoarthritis (OA), chondromalacia, meniscus tear, osteonecrosis of the femoral head, and tendon injuries. Here, we have reviewed available human clinical studies with regard to patient applications of autologous adipose SVF containing ASCs, specifically assessing effectiveness and safety in the field of orthopedic disorders...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018432/adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-viability-and-differentiating-features-for-orthopaedic-reparative-applications-banking-of-adipose-tissue
#8
Ilaria Roato, Daniela Alotto, Dimas Carolina Belisario, Stefania Casarin, Mara Fumagalli, Irene Cambieri, Raimondo Piana, Maurizio Stella, Riccardo Ferracini, Carlotta Castagnoli
Osteoarthritis is characterized by loss of articular cartilage also due to reduced chondrogenic activity of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from patients. Adipose tissue is an attractive source of MSCs (ATD-MSCs), representing an effective tool for reparative medicine, particularly for treatment of osteoarthritis, due to their chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation capability. The treatment of symptomatic knee arthritis with ATD-MSCs proved effective with a single infusion, but multiple infusions could be also more efficacious...
2016: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002902/bone-marrow-concentrated-cells-and-stromal-vascular-fraction-cells-injections-for-osteoarthritis-treatment-a-systematic-review
#9
G Vadalà, R Papalia, L La Verde, F Russo, V Denaro, M A Rosa
The aim of this systematic review is to examine current clinical evidences supporting the intraarticular injection of bone marrow concentrate cells (BMC) and adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction cells (SVF) for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). The research was performed on PubMed (Medline), EMBASE and Cochrane Library considering the English literature. Only clinical trials have been included. The systematic research identified twelve clinical trials. Articles included in the study, were one of level II, four of level III, six of level IV and one level V...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588219/regeneration-of-cartilage-in-human-knee-osteoarthritis-with-autologous-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-and-autologous-extracellular-matrix
#10
Jaewoo Pak, Jung Hun Lee, Kwang Seung Park, Byeong Chul Jeong, Sang Hee Lee
This clinical case series demonstrates that percutaneous injections of autologous adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and homogenized extracellular matrix (ECM) in the form of adipose stromal vascular fraction (SVF), along with hyaluronic acid (HA) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) activated by calcium chloride, could regenerate cartilage-like tissue in human knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Autologous lipoaspirates were obtained from adipose tissue of the abdominal origin. Afterward, the lipoaspirates were minced to homogenize the ECM...
2016: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580105/effects-of-administration-of-adipose-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-and-platelet-rich-plasma-to-dogs-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip-joints
#11
David A Upchurch, Walter C Renberg, James K Roush, George A Milliken, Mark L Weiss
OBJECTIVE To evaluate effects of simultaneous intra-articular and IV injection of autologous adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to dogs with osteoarthritis of the hip joints. ANIMALS 22 client-owned dogs (12 placebo-treated [control] dogs and 10 treated dogs). PROCEDURES Dogs with osteoarthritis of the hip joints that caused signs of lameness or discomfort were characterized on the basis of results of orthopedic examination, goniometry, lameness score, the Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CBPI), a visual analogue scale, and results obtained by use of a pressure-sensing walkway at week 0 (baseline)...
September 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574330/comparative-clinical-observation-of-arthroscopic-microfracture-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-a-stromal-vascular-fraction-injection-for-osteoarthritis
#12
Phu Dinh Nguyen, Tung Dang-Xuan Tran, Huynh Ton-Ngoc Nguyen, Hieu Trung Vu, Phuong Thi-Bich Le, Nhan Lu-Chinh Phan, Ngoc Bich Vu, Ngoc Kim Phan, Phuc Van Pham
: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative cartilage disease that is characterized by a local inflammatory reaction. Consequently, many studies have been performed to identify suitable prevention and treatment interventions. In recent years, both arthroscopic microfracture (AM) and stem cell therapy have been used clinically to treat OA. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical effects of AM in the presence and absence of a stromal vascular fraction (SVF) injection in the management of patients with OA. Thirty patients with grade 2 or 3 (Lawrence scale) OA of the knee participated in this study...
August 29, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334047/infrapatellar-fat-pad-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-from-osteoarthritis-patients-in-vitro-genetic-stability-and-replicative-senescence
#13
Simona Neri, Serena Guidotti, Nicoletta Libera Lilli, Luca Cattini, Erminia Mariani
Different sources of mesenchymal stromal cells can be considered for regenerative medicine applications. Here we analyzed human adipose-derived stromal cells from infrapatellar fat pad (IFPSC) of osteoarthritis patients, representing a very interesting candidate for cartilage regeneration. No data are available concerning IFPSC stability after in vitro expansion. Indeed, replicative potential and multipotency progressively decrease during culture passages while DNA damage and cell senescence increase, thus possibly affecting clinical applications...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881220/cartilage-regeneration-in-human-with-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-current-status-in-clinical-implications
#14
REVIEW
Jaewoo Pak, Jung Hun Lee, Wiwi Andralia Kartolo, Sang Hee Lee
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common debilitating disorders among the elderly population. At present, there is no definite cure for the underlying causes of OA. However, adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in the form of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) may offer an alternative at this time. ADSCs are one type of mesenchymal stem cells that have been utilized and have demonstrated an ability to regenerate cartilage. ADSCs have been shown to regenerate cartilage in a variety of animal models also...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26609244/management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-by-combined-stromal-vascular-fraction-cell-therapy-platelet-rich-plasma-and-musculoskeletal-exercises-a-case-series
#15
Nathan Gibbs, Rod Diamond, Eric O Sekyere, Wayne D Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthritis is associated with persistent joint pain, stiffness, joint deformities, ligament damage, and surrounding muscle atrophy. The complexity of the disease makes treatment difficult. There are no therapeutic drugs available to halt the disease progression, leaving patients dependent on pain medication, anti-inflammatory drugs, or invasive joint replacement surgery. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Four patients with a history of unresolved symptomatic knee osteoarthritis were investigated for the therapeutic outcome of combining an exercise rehabilitation program with intra-articular injections of autologous StroMed (ie, stromal vascular fraction cells concentrated by ultrasonic cavitation from lipoaspirate) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP)...
2015: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26361381/inhibition-of-osteoarthritis-by-adipose-derived-stromal-cells-overexpressing-fra-1-in-mice
#16
Kay Schwabe, Mireia Garcia, Kenia Ubieta, Nicole Hannemann, Bettina Herbort, Julia Luther, Daniele Noël, Christian Jorgensen, Louis Casteilla, Jean-Pierre David, Michael Stock, Martin Herrmann, Georg Schett, Aline Bozec
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether overexpression of the activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factor Fra-1 in adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) is an effective treatment of collagenase-induced osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: OA was induced by injection of collagenase into the knee joints of male C57BL/6 mice. ADSCs were isolated from the inguinal fat pads of 8-week-old wild-type or Fra-1-transgenic mice and injected into the knee joints of mice with collagenase-induced OA 7 days after OA induction...
January 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26257790/alterations-in-the-secretome-of-clinically-relevant-preparations-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-cocultured-with-hyaluronan
#17
Peter Succar, Edmond J Breen, Donald Kuah, Benjamin R Herbert
Osteoarthritis (OA) can be a debilitating degenerative disease and is the most common form of arthritic disease. There is a general consensus that current nonsurgical therapies are insufficient for younger OA sufferers who are not candidates for knee arthroplasties. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy for the treatment of OA can slow disease progression and lead to neocartilage formation. The mechanism of action is secretion driven. Current clinical preparations from adipose tissue for the treatment of OA include autologous stromal vascular fraction (SVF), SVF plus mature adipocytes, and culture-purified MSCs...
2015: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26238455/adipose-derived-stromal-cell-adsc-injections-for-pain-management-of-osteoarthritis-in-the-human-knee-joint
#18
Peter B Fodor, Stephen G Paulseth
BACKGROUND: This safety and feasibility study used autologous adipose-derived stromal vascular cells (the stromal vascular fraction [SVF] of adipose tissue), to treat 8 osteoarthritic knees in 6 patients of grade I to III (K-L scale) with initial pain of 4 or greater on a 10-point Visual Analog Scale (VAS). OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was evaluation of the safety of intra-articular injection of SVF. The secondary objective was to assess initial feasibility for reduction of pain in osteoarthritic knees...
February 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25706817/withdrawn-autologous-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-cells-application-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#19
Jaroslav Michalek, Rene Moster, Ladislav Lukac, Kenneth Proefrock, Miron Petrasovic, Jakub Rybar, Martina Capkova, Ales Chaloupka, Adas Darinskas, Jaroslav Michalek, Jan Kristek, Jan Travnik, Petr Jabandziev, Marek Cibulka, Michal Holek, Michal Jurik, Josef Skopalik, Zlatuse Kristkova, Zuzana Dudasova
Ahead of Print article withdrawn by publisher
January 20, 2015: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24326779/clinical-results-and-second-look-arthroscopic-findings-after-treatment-with-adipose-derived-stem-cells-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Yong-Gon Koh, Yun-Jin Choi, Sae-Kwang Kwon, Yong-Sang Kim, Jee-Eun Yeo
PURPOSE: In the present study, the clinical outcomes and second-look arthroscopic findings of intra-articular injection of stem cells with arthroscopic lavage for treatment of elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) were evaluated. METHODS: Stem cell injections combined with arthroscopic lavage were administered to 30 elderly patients (≥65 years) with knee OA. Subcutaneous adipose tissue was harvested from both buttocks by liposuction. After stromal vascular fractions were isolated, a mean of 4...
May 2015: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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