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Adipose Stem Cells and Osteoarthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833807/the-wnt5a-receptor-ror2-is-a-predictive-cell-surface-marker-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-with-an-enhanced-capacity-for-chondrogenic-differentiation
#1
Sally C Dickinson, Catherine A Sutton, Kyla Brady, Anna Salerno, Theoni Katopodi, Rhys L Williams, Christopher C West, Denis Evseenko, Ling Wu, Suzanna Pang, Roberta Ferro de Godoy, Allen E Goodship, Bruno Péault, Ashley W Blom, Wael Kafienah, Anthony P Hollander
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have enormous potential in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. However until now their development for clinical use has been severely limited as they are a mixed population of cells with varying capacities for lineage differentiation and tissue formation. Here we identify ROR2 as a cell surface marker expressed by those MSCs with an enhanced capacity for cartilage formation. We generated clonal human MSC populations with varying capacities for chondrogenesis...
August 20, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769981/human-suprapatellar-fat-pad-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-induce-chondrogenesis-and-cartilage-repair-in-a-model-of-severe-osteoarthritis
#2
Ignacio Muñoz-Criado, Jose Meseguer-Ripolles, Maravillas Mellado-López, Ana Alastrue-Agudo, Richard J Griffeth, Jerónimo Forteza-Vila, Ramón Cugat, Montserrat García, Victoria Moreno-Manzano
Cartilage degeneration is associated with degenerative bone and joint processes in severe osteoarthritis (OA). Spontaneous cartilage regeneration is extremely limited. Often the treatment consists of a partial or complete joint implant. Adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) transplantation has been shown to restore degenerated cartilage; however, regenerative differences of ASC would depend on the source of adipose tissue. The infra- and suprapatellar fat pads surrounding the knee offer a potential autologous source of ASC for patients after complete joint substitution...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746812/intra-articular-injection-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-2-year-follow-up-study
#3
Chris Hyunchul Jo, Jee Won Chai, Eui Cheol Jeong, Sohee Oh, Ji Sun Shin, Hackjoon Shim, Kang Sup Yoon
BACKGROUND: The intra-articular injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into the knee has shown a potential for the treatment of generalized cartilage loss in osteoarthritis (OA). However, there have been few midterm reports with clinical and structural outcomes. PURPOSE: To assess the midterm safety and efficacy of an intra-articular injection of autologous adipose tissue-derived (AD) MSCs for knee OA at 2-year follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705238/interleukin-3-enhances-the-migration-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-regulating-expression-of-cxcr4
#4
Amruta Barhanpurkar-Naik, Suhas T Mhaske, Satish T Pote, Kanupriya Singh, Mohan R Wani
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent an important source for cell therapy in regenerative medicine. MSCs have shown promising results for repair of damaged tissues in various degenerative diseases in animal models and also in human clinical trials. However, little is known about the factors that could enhance the migration and tissue-specific engraftment of exogenously infused MSCs for successful regenerative cell therapy. Previously, we have reported that interleukin-3 (IL-3) prevents bone and cartilage damage in animal models of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis...
July 14, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705162/the-effect-of-autologous-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-a-large-osteochondral-defect-of-the-knee-following-unsuccessful-surgical-intervention-of-osteochondritis-dissecans-a-case-study
#5
Julien Freitag, Kiran Shah, James Wickham, Richard Boyd, Abi Tenen
BACKGROUND: A prospective analysis of the effect of autologous adipose derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy in the treatment of an osteochondral defect of the knee with early progressive osteoarthritis following unsuccessful surgical intervention of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). CASE PRESENTATION: After failed conventional management of OCD a patient undergoes intra-articular MSC therapy. Patient outcome measures included the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS)...
July 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595566/a-systemic-review-of-the-sources-of-adult-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-their-suitability-in-musculoskeletal-applications
#6
Rhiannon Nancarrow-Lei, Pouya Mafi, Reza Mafi, Wasim Khan
Background: Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were first isolated from bone marrow by Friedenstein in 1976. These cells were clonogenic, non-haematopoietic, and able to replicate extensively in vitro. The fields of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering have grown dramatically since their inception. In the decades since, MSCs have been identified from mesoderm-, endoderm- and ectoderm-derived tissues. In light of our ageing population, the need for effective cell-based therapies for tissue repair and regeneration is ever-expanding...
June 8, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529106/engineered-cartilage-regeneration-from-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-a-morphomolecular-study-on-osteoblast-chondrocyte-and-apoptosis-evaluation
#7
Marta Anna Szychlinska, Paola Castrogiovanni, Houda Nsir, Michelino Di Rosa, Claudia Guglielmino, Rosalba Parenti, Giovanna Calabrese, Elisabetta Pricoco, Lucia Salvatorelli, Gaetano Magro, Rosa Imbesi, Ali Mobasheri, Giuseppe Musumeci
The poor self-repair capacity of cartilage tissue in degenerative conditions, such as osteoarthritis (OA), has prompted the development of a variety of therapeutic approaches, such as cellular therapies and tissue engineering based on the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The aim of this study is to demonstrate, for the first time, that the chondrocytes differentiated from rat adipose tissue derived-MSCs (AMSCs), are able to constitute a morphologically and biochemically healthy hyaline cartilage after 6 weeks of culture on a Collagen Cell Carrier (CCC) scaffold...
August 15, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486025/efficacy-and-persistence-of-allogeneic-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-combined-with-hyaluronic-acid-in-osteoarthritis-after-intra-articular-injection-in-a-sheep-model
#8
Chenchen Feng, Xuan Luo, Na He, Huitang Xia, Xiaoteng Lv, Xue Zhang, Dan Li, Fei Wang, Jiaping He, Li Zhang, Xiangming Lin, Liping Lin, Huabin Yin, Jiyin He, Jinwu Wang, Wei Cao, Richard Wang, Guangdong Zhou, Wen Wang
Although a number of studies have reported efficacy of autologous adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) in treating osteoarthritis (OA), no reliable evidences demonstrate whether allogeneic AD-MSCs can efficiently block OA progression in a large animal model. The current study explored the efficacy and survival of allogeneic AD-MSCs combined with hyaluronic acid (HA) after intra-articular (IA) injection in a sheep OA model, which were conventionally established by anterior cruciate ligament resection and medial meniscectomy...
May 9, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419155/culture-expanded-allogenic-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-attenuate-cartilage-degeneration-in-an-experimental-rat-osteoarthritis-model
#9
Li Mei, Bojiang Shen, Peixue Ling, Shaoying Liu, Jiajun Xue, Fuyan Liu, Huarong Shao, Jianying Chen, Aibin Ma, Xia Liu
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based cell therapy is a promising avenue for osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of intra-articular injections of culture-expanded allogenic adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) for the treatment of anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) induced rat OA model. The paracrine effects of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-unmatched ADSCs on chondrocytes were investigated in vitro. Rats were divided into an OA group that underwent ACLT surgery and a sham-operated group that did not undergo ACLT surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374574/a-comparative-assessment-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-from-subcutaneous-and-visceral-fat-as-a-potential-cell-source-for-knee-osteoarthritis-treatment
#10
Yan Tang, Zhang-Yi Pan, Ying Zou, Yi He, Peng-Yuan Yang, Qi-Qun Tang, Feng Yin
The intra-articular injection of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) is a novel potential therapy for patients with osteoarthritis (OA). However, the efficacy of ASCs from different regions of the body remains unknown. This study investigated whether ASCs from subcutaneous or visceral adipose tissue provide the same improvement of OA. Mouse and human subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue were excised for ASC isolation. Morphology, proliferation, surface markers and adipocyte differentiation of subcutaneous ASCs (S-ASCs) and visceral ASCs (V-ASCs) were analysed...
September 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356779/potential-use-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-human-meniscal-repair-current-insights
#11
REVIEW
Jaewoo Pak, Jung Hun Lee, Kwang Seung Park, Jeong Ho Jeon, Sang Hee Lee
The menisci of the human knee play an important role in maintaining normal functions to provide stability and nutrition to the articular cartilage, and to absorb shock. Once injured, these important structures have very limited natural healing potential. Unfortunately, the traditional arthroscopic meniscectomy performed on these damaged menisci may predispose the joint toward early development of osteoarthritis. Although a very limited number of studies are available, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been investigated as an alternative therapeutic modality to repair human knee meniscal tears...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343378/adipose-derived-stem-cells-suppress-inflammation-induced-by-il-1%C3%AE-through-down-regulation-of-p2x7r-mediated-by-mir-373-in-chondrocytes-of-osteoarthritis
#12
Rilong Jin, Miaoda Shen, Liedao Yu, Xuanwei Wang, Xiangjin Lin
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) were previously considered to have an anti-inflammatory effect, and Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was found to be a pro-inflammatory factor in chondrocytes, but the mechanism underlying ADSCs and IL-1β is unclear. In this study, we investigate whether P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) signalling, regulated by microRNA 373 (miR-373), was involved in the ADSCs and IL-1β mediated inflammation in osteoarthritis (OA). Chondrocytes were collected from 20 OA patients and 20 control participants, and ADSCs were collected from patients who had undergone abdominal surgery...
March 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321424/cell-based-meniscus-repair-and-regeneration-at-the-brink-of-clinical-translation-a-systematic-review-of-preclinical-studies
#13
Jasmijn V Korpershoek, Tommy S de Windt, Michella H Hagmeijer, Lucienne A Vonk, Daniel B F Saris
BACKGROUND: Meniscus damage can be caused by trauma or degeneration and is therefore common among patients of all ages. Repair or regeneration of the menisci could be of great importance not only for pain relief or regaining function but also to prevent degenerative disease and osteoarthritis. Current treatment does not offer consistent long-term improvement. Although preclinical research focusing on augmentation of meniscal tear repair and regeneration after meniscectomy is encouraging, clinical translation remains difficult...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297568/safety-studies-for-use-of-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-stem-cells-in-a-rabbit-model-for-osteoarthritis-to-support-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#14
Scott M Riester, Janet M Denbeigh, Yang Lin, Dakota L Jones, Tristan de Mooij, Eric A Lewallen, Hai Nie, Christopher R Paradise, Darcie J Radel, Amel Dudakovic, Emily T Camilleri, Dirk R Larson, Wenchun Qu, Aaron J Krych, Matthew A Frick, Hee-Jeong Im, Allan B Dietz, Jay Smith, Andre J van Wijnen
Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) offer potential as a therapeutic option for clinical applications in musculoskeletal regenerative medicine because of their immunomodulatory functions and capacity for trilineage differentiation. In preparation for a phase I clinical trial using AMSCs to treat patients with osteoarthritis, we carried out preclinical studies to assess the safety of human AMSCs within the intra-articular joint space. Culture-expanded human AMSCs grown in human platelet-lysate were delivered via intra-articular injections into normal healthy rabbit knees and knees at risk for the development of osteoarthritis after bilateral medial anterior hemimeniscectomy...
March 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258177/stem-cell-injections-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Haiko Imfl Pas, Marinus Winters, Hidde J Haisma, Martinus Jj Koenis, Johannes L Tol, Maarten H Moen
OBJECTIVE: Stem cell injection for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is an emerging new therapy, and we aimed to review its evidence of efficacy. DESIGN: Systematic review. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Criteria for eligibility were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCT on the efficacy of stem cell injections in KOA. All references were checked for missed articles. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PEDro and SPORTDiscus were searched...
August 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197017/characterization-and-therapeutic-application-of-canine-adipose-mesenchymal-stem-cells-to-treat-elbow-osteoarthritis
#16
Éva Kriston-Pál, Ágnes Czibula, Zoltán Gyuris, Gyula Balka, Antal Seregi, Farkas Sükösd, Miklós Süth, Endre Kiss-Tóth, Lajos Haracska, Ferenc Uher, Éva Monostori
Visceral adipose tissue (AT) obtained from surgical waste during routine ovariectomies was used as a source for isolating canine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). As determined by cytofluorimetry, passage 2 cells expressed MSC markers CD44 and CD90 and were negative for lineage-specific markers CD34 and CD45. The cells differentiated toward osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic directions. With therapeutic aims, 30 dogs (39 joints) suffering from elbow dysplasia (ED) and osteoarthritis (OA) were intra-articularly transplanted with allogeneic MSCs suspended in 0...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170179/comparative-clinical-observation-of-arthroscopic-microfracture-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-a-stromal-vascular-fraction-injection-for-osteoarthritis
#17
Phu Dinh Nguyen, Tung Dang-Xuan Tran, Huynh Ton-Ngoc Nguyen, Hieu Trung Vu, Phuong Thi-Bich Le, Nhan Lu-Chinh Phan, Ngoc Bich Vu, Ngoc Kim Phan, Phuc Van Pham
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative cartilage disease that is characterized by a local inflammatory reaction. Consequently, many studies have been performed to identify suitable prevention and treatment interventions. In recent years, both arthroscopic microfracture (AM) and stem cell therapy have been used clinically to treat OA. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical effects of AM in the presence and absence of a stromal vascular fraction (SVF) injection in the management of patients with OA. Thirty patients with grade 2 or 3 (Lawrence scale) OA of the knee participated in this study...
January 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143470/current-use-of-autologous-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-cells-for-orthopedic-applications
#18
REVIEW
Jaewoo Pak, Jung Hun Lee, Kwang Seung Park, Moonhee Park, Lin-Woo Kang, Sang Hee Lee
Autologous adipose stromal vascular fractions (SVFs) containing adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are currently being used in clinical settings for various orthopedic applications for human patients. Due to its potential capability of regenerating cartilage, bone, and tendons, autologous adipose SVFs are being tried in treating patients with osteoarthritis (OA), chondromalacia, meniscus tear, osteonecrosis of the femoral head, and tendon injuries. Here, we have reviewed available human clinical studies with regard to patient applications of autologous adipose SVF containing ASCs, specifically assessing effectiveness and safety in the field of orthopedic disorders...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133485/adipose-derived-stem-cells-cocultured-with-chondrocytes-promote-the-proliferation-of-chondrocytes
#19
Jie Shi, Jiulong Liang, Bingyu Guo, Yu Zhang, Qiang Hui, Peng Chang, Kai Tao
Articular cartilage injury and defect caused by trauma and chronic osteoarthritis vascularity are very common, while the repair of injured cartilage remains a great challenge due to its limited healing capacity. Stem cell-based tissue engineering provides a promising treatment option for injured articular cartilage because of the cells potential for multiple differentiations. However, its application has been largely limited by stem cell type, number, source, proliferation, and differentiation. We hypothesized that (1) adipose-derived stem cells are ideal seed cells for articular cartilage repair because of their accessibility and abundance and (2) the microenvironment of articular cartilage could induce adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to differentiate into chondrocytes...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077355/no-evidence-for-the-use-of-stem-cell-therapy-for-tendon-disorders-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Haiko I M F L Pas, Maarten H Moen, Hidde J Haisma, Marinus Winters
INTRODUCTION: Stem cells have emerged as a new treatment option for tendon disorders. We systematically reviewed the current evidence for stem cell therapy in tendon disorders. METHODS: Randomised and non-randomised controlled trials, cohort studies and case series with a minimum of 5 cases were searched in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro and SPORTDiscus. In addition, we searched grey literature databases and trial registers. Only human studies were included and no time or language restrictions were applied to our search...
July 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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