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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100088/comparability-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-diet-quality-the-discover-study
#1
Mahshid Dehghan, Yipeng Ge, Wala El Sheikh, Monica Bawor, Sumathy Rangarajan, Brittany Dennis, Judith Vair, Heather Sholer, Nichole Hutchinson, Elizabeth Iordan, Pam Mackie, Zainab Samaan
This study aims to assess comparability of a short food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) used in the Determinants of Suicide: Conventional and Emergent Risk Study (DISCOVER Study) with a validated comprehensive FFQ (CFFQ). A total of 127 individuals completed SFFQ and CFFQ. Healthy eating was measured using Healthy Eating Score (HES). Estimated food intake and healthy eating assessed by SFFQ was compared with the CFFQ. For most food groups and HES, the highest Spearman's rank correlation coefficients between the two FFQs were r > ...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097173/contributing-factors-to-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-among-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Masoumeh Simbar, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period of overwhelming changes and challenges, which expose the adolescents to high-risk behaviors. Risky sexual relationship is one of these behaviors that entails physical risks and psychosocial harms. Various factors have been recognized to shape sexual behaviors in adolescents. This paper is an attempt to investigate the factors contributing to high-risk sexual behaviors in Iranian adolescent girls. METHODS: A literature review of the research published by Iranian authors, in Farsi or English language in local and foreign journals, was conducted using PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Scientific Information Database (SID), IranMedex, IranDoc, and Google Scholar...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067532/mental-stress-induced-left-ventricular-dysfunction-and-adverse-outcome-in-ischemic-heart-disease-patients
#3
Julia L Sun, Stephen H Boyle, Zainab Samad, Michael A Babyak, Jennifer L Wilson, Cynthia Kuhn, Richard C Becker, Thomas L Ortel, Redford B Williams, Joseph G Rogers, Christopher M O'Connor, Eric J Velazquez, Wei Jiang
Aims Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) occurs in up to 70% of patients with clinically stable ischemic heart disease and is associated with increased risk of adverse prognosis. We aimed to examine the prognostic value of indices of MSIMI and exercise stress-induced myocardial ischemia (ESIMI) in a population of ischemic heart disease patients that was not confined by having a recent positive physical stress test. Methods and results The Responses of Mental Stress Induced Myocardial Ischemia to Escitalopram Treatment (REMIT) study enrolled 310 subjects who underwent mental and exercise stress testing and were followed annually for a median of four years...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065958/role-of-clinical-skill-centre-in-undergraduate-medical-education-initial-experience-at-rehman-medical-college-peshawar
#4
Zainab Shafiq, Tariq Saeed Mufti, Iftikhar Qayum
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of students on clinical skill factors and to measure the satisfaction level of students related to the training. METHODS: The descriptive study was conducted at Rehman Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan, from August 1 to September 15, 2013, and comprised all third-year medical students who had undergone clinical skill training. Their performance was evaluated through end-of-module objective structured clinical examination. Students' feedback measuring satisfaction on a five-point Likert scale was obtained on a designed validated tool...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035791/indirect-plant-defense-against-insect-herbivores-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Zainab Aljbory, Ming-Shun Chen
Plants respond to herbivore attack by launching two types of defenses: direct defense and indirect defense. Direct defense includes all plant traits that increase the resistance of host plants to insect herbivores by affecting the physiology and/or behavior of the attackers. Indirect defense includes all traits that by themselves do not have significant direct impact on the attacking herbivores, but can attract natural enemies of the herbivores and thus reduce plant loss. When plants recognize herbivore-associated elicitors, they produce and release a blend of volatiles that can attract predators, parasites, and other natural enemies...
December 30, 2016: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003896/laparoscopic-splenectomy-alone-for-sickle-cell-disease-account-of-50-paediatric-cases
#6
Zainab N Al-Balushi, Khalid M Bhatti, Muhammad T Ehsan, Yousuf Al-Shaqsi, Nawal A R Al-Sharji, Hatem A A Mady, Mahmoud H Sherif
OBJECTIVES: In Oman, the most frequent indication for a splenectomy in children is sickle cell disease (SCD), which is one of the most common haematological disorders in the Gulf region. This study aimed to describe paediatric laparoscopic splenectomies alone for SCD at a tertiary hospital in Oman. METHODS: This study was conducted between February 2010 and October 2015 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman. The medical records of all children aged ≤15 years old undergoing splenectomies during the study period were reviewed...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986142/the-natural-history-of-actinic-keratoses-in-organ-transplant-recipients
#7
Zainab Jiyad, Louise Marquart, Peter O'Rourke, Adele C Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974955/reproducibility-of-manual-platelet-estimation-following-automated-low-platelet-counts
#8
Zainab S Al-Hosni, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Sahimah Al-Mamari, Jamal Al-Qasabi, Hiedi Davis, Hatim Al-Lawati, Arwa Z Al-Riyami
OBJECTIVES: Manual platelet estimation is one of the methods used when automated platelet estimates are very low. However, the reproducibility of manual platelet estimation has not been adequately studied. We sought to assess the reproducibility of manual platelet estimation following automated low platelet counts and to evaluate the impact of the level of experience of the person counting on the reproducibility of manual platelet estimates. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, peripheral blood films of patients with platelet counts less than 100 × 10(9)/L were retrieved and given to four raters to perform manual platelet estimation independently using a predefined method (average of platelet counts in 10 fields using 100× objective multiplied by 20)...
November 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965841/behavioral-activation-group-therapy-for-reducing-depressive-symptoms-and-improving-quality-of-life-a-feasibility-study
#9
Zainab Samaan, Brittany B Dennis, Lindsay Kalbfleisch, Herman Bami, Laura Zielinski, Monica Bawor, Kathryn Litke, Kathleen McCabe, Jeff Whattam, Laura Garrick, Laura O'Neill, Terri Ann Tabak, Scott Simons, Sandra Chalmers, Brenda Key, Meredith Vanstone, Feng Xie, Gordon Guyatt, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with a loss of productivity and noticeable personal, social, and economic decline; it affects more than 350 million people worldwide. Behavioral activation (BA), derived from cognitive behavioral therapy, has drawn increasingly more interest as a means of treatment for major depressive disorder due to its relative cost-effectiveness and efficacy. In this study, we disseminate findings from a feasibility study evaluating barriers to implementing a group BA program for major depressive disorder...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933236/purification-and-antigenic-detection-of-o-specific-polysaccharides-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-paratyphi-a-isolate-from-pakistan-an-emerging-threat
#10
Zainab Rahmat, Aamir Ali, Yasra Sarwar, Muhammad Salman, Abdul Haque
BACKGROUND: Paratyphoid fever caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A is becoming a serious health problem in Asian countries particularly Pakistan, China and India and situation is aggravated by current unavailability of a licensed vaccine. This study was designed to purify the O-specific polysaccharides (OSP) produced by an isolate of Salmonella Paratyphi A from Pakistan and detect antigenicity of extracted lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and purified OSP pioneerly in South Asian region as candidate for conjugate vaccine preparation...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931891/a-systematic-review-of-anxiety-prevalence-in-adults-within-primary-care-and-community-settings-in-malaysia
#11
Chin Hoong Wong, Zia U Bakt Sultan Shah, Cheong Lieng Teng, Tzi Quen Lin, Zainab Abdul Majeed, Chun Wai Chan
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common mental health disorders with significant impact on the individual as well as burden on the country as a whole. METHODS: A systematic review of databases, reference lists, internet sources, and input from content experts revealed 42 studies that documented the prevalence of anxiety symptoms or disorders. 12 of these studies specifically evaluated anxiety disorders. RESULTS: 4 studies looked at the prevalence of anxiety disorders in the general population, whilst the remainder focused on selected population groups: university students (4 studies); substance abuse (3 studies); and victims of abuse (1 study)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928754/production-of-%C3%AE-1-4-glucosidase-from-bacillus-licheniformis-kibge-ib4-by-utilizing-sweet-potato-peel
#12
Muhammad Asif Nawaz, Zainab Bibi, Asad Karim, Haneef Ur Rehman, Muhsin Jamal, Tour Jan, Afsheen Aman, Shah Ali Ul Qader
In the current study, sweet potato peel (Ipomoea batatas) was observed as the most favorable substrate for the maximum synthesis of α-1,4-glucosidase among various agro-industrial residues. Bacillus licheniformis KIBGE-IB4 produced 6533.0 U ml(-1) of α-1,4-glucosidase when growth medium was supplemented with 1% dried and crushed sweet potato peel. It was evident from the results that bacterial isolate secreted 6539.0 U ml(-1) of α-1,4-glucosidase in the presence of 0.4% peptone and meat extract with 0...
December 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925034/formulation-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-carbopol-934-based-modified-clotrimazole-gel-for-topical-application
#13
Muhammad Ubaid, Sadaf Ilyas, Sadullah Mir, Abida K Khan, Rehana Rashid, Muhammad Z U Khan, Zainab G Kanwal, Ahmad Nawaz, Amna Shah, Ghulam Murtaza
The aim of present study was to enhance topical permeation of clotrimazole gel preparation by using various permeability enhancers such as coconut oil, pistachio oil and sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS). Clotrimazole gel preparations were prepared and optimized by using three factor, five level central composite design. A second-order polynomial equation was generated in order to estimate the effect of independent variables i.e. coconut oil (X1), pistachio oil (X2) and sodium lauryl sulphate (X3) at various dependent variables i...
October 2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923675/increased-adolescent-knowledge-and-behavior-following-a-one-time-educational-intervention-about-tuberculosis
#14
Lindsay A Hatzenbuehler, Jeffrey R Starke, E O'Brian Smith, Teri L Turner, Doreen F Balmer, Zainab Arif, Francisco Guzman, Andrea T Cruz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a tuberculosis (TB) educational intervention (EI) on change in adolescent student knowledge and participation in a TB prevention program. METHODS: From 2/2013-5/2015, students from 2 high schools in Houston, TX participated. The 25-min EI discussed TB bacteriology, epidemiology, symptoms, and indications for TB testing/treatment. Students completed pre- and post-quizzes. Immediately after the EI, students were invited to participate in voluntary TB risk-factor screening, testing and treatment...
November 28, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917407/microwave-heating-of-synthetic-skin-samples-for-potential-treatment-of-gout-using-the-metal-assisted-and-microwave-accelerated-decrystallization-technique
#15
Salih Toker, Zainab Boone-Kukoyi, Nishone Thompson, Hillary Ajifa, Travis Clement, Birol Ozturk, Kadir Aslan
Physical stability of synthetic skin samples during their exposure to microwave heating was investigated to demonstrate the use of the metal-assisted and microwave-accelerated decrystallization (MAMAD) technique for potential biomedical applications. In this regard, optical microscopy and temperature measurements were employed for the qualitative and quantitative assessment of damage to synthetic skin samples during 20 s intermittent microwave heating using a monomode microwave source (at 8 GHz, 2-20 W) up to 120 s...
November 30, 2016: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908292/conservatively-treated-congenital-hyperinsulinism-chi-due-to-k-atp-channel-gene-mutations-reducing-severity-over-time
#16
Maria Salomon-Estebanez, Sarah E Flanagan, Sian Ellard, Lindsey Rigby, Louise Bowden, Zainab Mohamed, Jacqueline Nicholson, Mars Skae, Caroline Hall, Ross Craigie, Raja Padidela, Nuala Murphy, Tabitha Randell, Karen E Cosgrove, Mark J Dunne, Indraneel Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Patients with Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) due to mutations in K-ATP channel genes (K-ATP CHI) are increasingly treated by conservative medical therapy without pancreatic surgery. However, the natural history of medically treated K-ATP CHI has not been described; it is unclear if the severity of recessively and dominantly inherited K-ATP CHI reduces over time. We aimed to review variation in severity and outcomes in patients with K-ATP CHI treated by medical therapy. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutively presenting patients with K-ATP CHI with dominantly and recessively inherited mutations in ABCC8/KCNJ11 were selected in a specialised CHI treatment centre to review treatment outcomes...
December 1, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900956/evaluation-of-interleukin-2-interleukin-8-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-like-weak-inducer-of-apoptosis-in-hemodialysis-and-renal-transplant-patients-and-healthy-controls
#17
Nasar Alwahaibi, Halima Alissaei, Amal Al-Kalbani, Nadia Alabri, Zainab Allawati, Mohammed Albalooshi
There is an increasing evidence which suggests that cytokines have an important role in hemodialysis (HD) and renal transplant patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) in HD and renal transplant patients and healthy controls. A total of 152 individuals participated in this study over two years including 53 HD patients, 45 renal transplant patients, and 54 healthy controls. Serum levels of IL-2, IL-8 and TWEAK were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888641/carotid-artery-and-lower-cranial-nerve-exposure-with-increasing-surgical-complexity-to-the-parapharyngeal-space
#18
Ana M Lemos-Rodriguez, Satyan B Sreenath, Rounak B Rawal, Lewis J Overton, Zainab Farzal, Adam M Zanation
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the extent of carotid artery exposure attained, including the identification of the external carotid branches and lower cranial nerves in five sequential external approaches to the parapharyngeal space, and to provide an anatomical algorithm. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomical study. METHODS: Six latex-injected adult cadaver heads were dissected in five consecutive approaches: transcervical approach with submandibular gland removal, posterior extension of the transcervical approach, transcervical approach with parotidectomy, parotidectomy with lateral mandibulotomy, and parotidectomy with mandibulectomy...
November 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886372/oxygen-for-breathlessness-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-who-do-not-qualify-for-home-oxygen-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Magnus Ekström, Zainab Ahmadi, Anna Bornefalk-Hermansson, Amy Abernethy, David Currow
BACKGROUND: Breathlessness is a cardinal symptom of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) is given to improve survival time in people with COPD and severe chronic hypoxaemia at rest. The efficacy of oxygen therapy for breathlessness and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in people with COPD and mild or no hypoxaemia who do not meet the criteria for LTOT has not been established. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of oxygen versus air in mildly hypoxaemic or non-hypoxaemic patients with COPD in terms of (1) breathlessness; (2) HRQOL; (3) patient preference whether to continue therapy; and (4) oxygen-related adverse events...
25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871297/aqp5-1364a-c-polymorphism-and-the-aqp5-expression-influence-sepsis-survival-and-immune-cell-migration-a-prospective-laboratory-and-patient-study
#20
Katharina Rump, Matthias Unterberg, Lars Bergmann, Agnes Bankfalvi, Anil Menon, Simon Schäfer, André Scherag, Zainab Bazzi, Winfried Siffert, Jürgen Peters, Michael Adamzik
BACKGROUND: The C-allele of the aquaporin (AQP5) -1364A/C polymorphism is associated with decreased AQP5 expression but increased 30-day survival in patients with severe sepsis. AQP5 expression might affect survival via an impact on cell migration. Consequently, we tested the hypothesis that (1) Aqp5 knockout (KO) compared to wild type (WT) mice show an increased survival following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration, and that (2) AQP5 expression and the AQP5 -1364A/C polymorphism alters immune cell migration...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
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