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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784600/breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-a-survey-of-surgeons-and-patients-perceptions
#1
Ariffuddin Ishak, Maya Mazuwin Yahya, Ahmad Sukari Halim
BACKGROUND: Breast reconstruction after mastectomy is important in breast cancer care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed to assess surgeons' and patients' perceptions toward breast reconstruction. Questionnaires were distributed to general and breast surgeons in East Coast Malaysian hospitals and Hospital Kuala Lumpur and to postmastectomy patients with and without breast reconstruction at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia and Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II...
April 28, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783175/hiv-viral-suppression-in-oman-encouraging-progress-toward-achieving-the-united-nations-third-90
#2
Ali Elgalib, Samir Shah, Zeyana Al-Habsi, Maha Al-Fouri, Halima Al-Sawafi, Jalila Al-Noumani, Adil Al-Baloushi, Saad Al-Alawi, Salma Al-Badi, Zainab Mohammed, Jokha Al-Ghafri, Asma Suleimani, Huda Al-Mashani, Jyothish Raju, Saada Al-Riyami, Muna Al-Shukri, Abdul Wahab, Bilal Hussain, Khalifa Al-Naabi, Anantha Narayan, Noreen Oliveros, George Prasad, Ahmed Hussein, Rajeev Kashyp, Khalid Al-Shardi, Ahmed Nada, Shakil Akhwand, Bina Kamble, Kawthar Al-Aamri, Suad Al-Mukhaini, Hanan Al-Kindi, Faryal Khamis, Amal Al-Maani, Idris Al-Abaidani, Seif Al-Abri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of capacity-building interventions introduced by the Oman National AIDS Programme on the quality of HIV care in the country. METHODS: HIV viral load (VL) suppression and loss to follow-up (LTFU) rates were calculated for the period before (in December 2015; n=1098) and after (in June 2017; n=1185) the introduction of the interventions: training, support, and care pathway development. Three HIV VL cuts-offs at last measurement in the year of interest were used to define VL suppression...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770754/changing-epidemiology-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-cancer-patients
#3
Anne Marie Chaftari, Ray Hachem, Ying Jiang, Pankil Shah, Alawami Hussain, Zainab Al Hamal, Ammar Yousif, Mary Jordan, Majd Michael, Issam Raad
We compared the etiologic organisms of bloodstream infections (BSIs) in cancer patients with central venous catheters (CVCs) between 2 cohorts separated by more than a decade.Gram-negative organisms have become the predominant etiologic organisms of BSIs (52%); they now contribute to 41% of catheter-related BSIs (CRBSIs).Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;39:727-729.
June 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768887/facile-synthesis-of-semiconducting-ultrathin-layer-of-molybdenum-disulfide
#4
Sarvottam K Jha, Reetu Kumari, Shubham Choudhary, Puspendu Guha, P V Satyam, Brajesh S Yadav, Zainab Naqvi, S S Kushvaha, R K Ratnesh, M S Mehata, Aditya Jain, Amrish K Panwar, Fouran Singh, Pawan K Tyagi
In this paper, we have reported a simple and efficient method for the synthesis of uniform, highly conducting single or few layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) on large scale. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) have been used for the confirmation of mono or few layered nature of the as-synthesized MoS2 sheets. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Raman Spectroscopy have also been used to study the elemental, phase, and molecular composition of the sample...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765325/mequindox-induced-kidney-toxicity-is-associated-with-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-the-mouse
#5
Qianying Liu, Zhixin Lei, Jingchao Guo, Aimei Liu, Qirong Lu, Zainab Fatima, Haseeb Khaliq, Muhammad A B Shabbir, Muhammad Kashif Maan, Qinghua Wu, Menghong Dai, Xu Wang, Yuanhu Pan, Zonghui Yuan
Mequindox (MEQ), belonging to quinoxaline-di- N -oxides (QdNOs), is a synthetic antimicrobial agent widely used in China. Previous studies found that the kidney was one of the main toxic target organs of the QdNOs. However, the mechanisms underlying the kidney toxicity caused by QdNOs in vivo still remains unclear. The present study aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of kidney toxicity in mice after chronic exposure to MEQ. MEQ led to the oxidative stress, apoptosis, and mitochondrial damage in the kidney of mice...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758513/new-approach-for-determination-of-sulfadiazine-in-pharmaceutical-preparations-using-4-4-sulphophenylazo-pyrogallol-kinetic-spectrophotometric-method
#6
Naser A Naser, Kasim M Alasedi, Zainab A Khan
A new trend describes the development and validation of a simple, sensitive and selective kinetic spectrophotometric methods for the determination of sulfadiazine in pharmaceutical formulations has been conducted. In this paper, sulfadiazine was derivatized as a new organic compound 4(4-sulphophenylazo) pyrogallol, 4-SPAP, by coupling pyrogallol with diazotized sulfadiazine in medium of controlled pH. 4-SPAP was characterized by techniques of FT-IR, H-NMR, GC-Mass, TG and DSC thermal analysis methods. Solvatochromic behavior in solvents of various polarities was also investigated...
May 4, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757758/ultrasound-guided-pulsed-radiofrequency-in-the-management-of-thoracic-post-herpetic-neuralgia-a-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-trial
#7
Mohamed Y Makharita, Hanaa M El Bendary, Zainab M Sonbul, Salma El Sayed Ahmed, Mahmoud Abdel Latif
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) for the intercostal nerves (ICNs) in the management of thoracic post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). METHODS: After 2 weeks of treatment by pregabalin 150▒mg/12 hours, patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups. The PRF group, after ultrasound-guided localization of the ICN of the affected thoracic dermatome, sensory stimulation of the ICN was tested...
May 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755827/stereoselective-synthesis-of-isoxazolidines-via-copper-catalyzed-alkene-diamination
#8
Zainab M Khoder, Christina E Wong, Sherry R Chemler
A convenient copper-catalyzed intramolecular/intermolecular alkene diamination reaction to synthesize 3-aminomethyl-functionalized isoxazolidines under mild reaction conditions and with generally high levels of diastereoselectivity was achieved. This reaction demonstrates that previously underutilized unsaturated carbamates are good [Cu]-catalyzed diamination substrates. Sulfonamides, anilines, benzamide, morpholine, and piperidine can serve as the external amine source. This relatively broad amine range is attributed to the mild reaction conditions...
July 7, 2017: ACS Catalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752934/postpartum-hemorrhage-outcomes-and-race
#9
Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Sindhu K Srinivas, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Zainab Siddiq, Mary E D'Alton, Alexander M Friedman
BACKGROUND: How race is associated with adverse outcomes in the setting of postpartum hemorrhage is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess how race is associated with adverse maternal outcomes in the setting of postpartum hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study utilized the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality for the years 2012 to 2014...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745745/mental-health-and-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-systematic-review
#10
Zahra Bajalan, Farnoosh Moafi, Mohammad MoradiBaglooei, Zainab Alimoradi
Several factors including demographic, reproductive, lifestyle, psychological and social factors can affect incidence and severity of primary dysmenorrhea. This study aimed to systematically review the psychological risk factors associated with primary dysmenorrhea. Embase, ISI web of knowledge, ProQuest, Science Direct, Scopus and PubMed central were searched using keywords related to risk factors and primary dysmenorrhea. Observational studies, published in English after 2000, focusing solely on psychological factors affecting primary dysmenorrhea were included...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741448/improving-the-physical-activity-and-outdoor-play-environment-of-family-child-care-homes-in-nebraska-through-go-nutrition-and-physical-activity-self-assessment-for-child-care
#11
Danae Dinkel, Dipti Dev, Yage Guo, Emily Hulse, Zainab Rida, Ami Sedani, Brian Coyle
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if the Go Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment in Child Care (Go NAP SACC) intervention was effective in improving best practices in the areas of infant and child physical activity and outdoor play and learning in family child care homes (FCCHs) in Nebraska. METHODS: FCCHs (n = 201) participated in a pre-post evaluation using the Infant and Child Physical Activity and Outdoor Play and Learning assessments from the Go NAP SACC validated measure to assess compliance with best practices...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738637/risk-of-hbv-reactivation-with-direct-acting-antivirals-against-hcv-a-cohort-study-from-egypt-and-meta-analysis-of-published-data
#12
Mohamed El Kassas, Yusuke Shimakawa, Zainab Ali-Eldin, Anna-Louise Funk, Mohamed Naguib Wifi, Samy Zaky, Fathiya El-Raey, Gamal Esmat, Arnaud Fontanet
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients treated with direct acting antivirals (DAAs) became an issue. However, its frequency has been poorly estimated, due to the varying definitions used and evaluation of heterogeneous study populations, including those concurrently treated for HBV. METHODS: We prospectively followed HBV surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive Egyptians undergoing interferon-free DAAs, to estimate the risk of HBV reactivation and HBV-related hepatitis...
May 8, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734825/skin-and-eye-irritation-assessment-of-oil-palm-elaeis-guineensis-leaf-extract-for-topical-application
#13
Nor Zuliana Yusof, Siti Salwa Abd Gani, Zafarizal Aldrin Azizul Hasan, Zainab Idris
Many types of phytochemicals have been found to be present in oil palm leaf and could potentially be used as functional ingredients for skincare product. However, as of today, there is no published report on hazard identification and safety assessment of oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis) leaf extract (OPLE), particularly on skin and eye irritation. In this study, potential hazard of OPLE on skin and eye irritation was evaluated as an initial step to the safety assessment of OPLE. In vitro cell viability study of OPLE on normal human dermal fibroblasts showed that OPLE was nontoxic to the cells with percentage viability more than 90% after 24 and 48 hours of incubation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731585/xanthelasma-an-update-on-treatment-modalities
#14
REVIEW
Zainab Laftah, Firas Al-Niaimi
Xanthelasmas are localized accumulation of lipid deposits on the eyelids. Lesions are typically asymptomatic and treatment is often sought for cosmetic purposes. Unfortunately, there is paucity of strong evidence in the literature for the effective treatment of normolipidemic xanthelasmas. A literature search using the term "xanthelasma" was carried out in PubMed and Medline databases. Only articles related to treatment were considered and analyzed for their data. Commonly cited treatments include topical trichloroacetic acid, liquid nitrogen cryotherapy, and various lasers including carbon dioxide, Er:YAG, Q-switched Nd:YAG, and pulse dye laser...
January 2018: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731571/a-comparative-assessment-of-bite-marks-in-analyzing-the-overlay-generation-using-styrofoam-sheet-and-modeling-wax-with-the-dental-casts-as-one-of-the-adjuncts-for-archiving-the-forensic-records-an-in-vivo-study
#15
H Zainab, Shaimaa, J Pramod, D Hugar, A Sultana
Introduction: Bite mark evidence is unique to an individual and plays an important role in the legal system. There has always been the need to develop newer materials for bite mark analysis that will have excellent reproducibility as well as reliability. Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of styrofoam sheets and modeling wax with time-dependent changes when compared to the routine dental cast models. Materials and Methods: The present study included thirty volunteers and their bite marks were taken on the styrofoam and wax sheet materials that were traced on the transparent sheet and evaluation of the bite marks on the two materials were carried out at an interval of 1 day for 3 alternate days and grades were given, respectively...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725563/clinicoradiological-correlation-of-infarct-patterns-on-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-stroke
#16
Zainab Hussain, Kiran Hilal, Muhammad Ahmad, Zafar Sajjad, Raza Sayani
Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) represents a major advance in the early diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. It can detect edema due to ischemia in the brain tissue. It not only establishes the presence and location of ischemic brain injury but also a relatively new concept is the determination of infarct patterns seen on diffusion imaging and its clinical correlation. Objective To determine the frequency of various infarct patterns and their relationship with functional outcome of the patient...
March 2, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721198/global-burden-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-and-changing-incidence-in-kentucky
#17
Aman Chauhan, Qian Yu, Neha Ray, Zainab Farooqui, Bin Huang, Eric B Durbin, Thomas Tucker, Mark Evers, Susanne Arnold, Lowell B Anthony
Background: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have a low incidence but relatively high prevalence. Over the last three decades, the incidence of NETs has risen 6-fold in the United States. We conducted an observational study to compare the incidence of NETs reported to the Kentucky Cancer Registry (KCR) versus that reported to Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER). We also provide a systematic review of the state of neuroendocrine tumors worldwide, and compare the available global and local published data...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716858/assessment-of-potential-interaction-between-simvastatin-and-clarithromycin-in-healthy-adult-male-subjects
#18
Zainab Kaleem, Junaid Ali Khan, Zahid Mushtaq, Sidra Altaf, Ijaz Javed
Cardiac patients with weak immune system are susceptible to bacterial infections. Their prescriptions frequently contain simvastatin and clarithromycin together. The objective of present project was to assess the potential interaction between simvastatin and clarithromycin by evaluating the clarithromycin effects on the pharmacokinetics of simvastatin in healthy adult male subjects. The study design comprised of two phases, used at interval of one week. In first phase simvastatin 20 mg alone was administered to each volunteer...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707532/association-of-cytochrome-cyp1a1-gene-polymorphisms-and-tobacco-smoking-with-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-women-from-iraq
#19
Hassan M Naif, Mohammed A I Al-Obaide, Hayfa H Hassani, Abdualghani S Hamdan, Zainab S Kalaf
Background: CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms and tobacco smoking are among several risk factors for various types of cancers, but their influence on breast cancer remains controversial. We analyzed the possible association of CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms and tobacco smoking-related breast cancer in women from Iraq. Materials and methods: In this case-control study, gene polymorphism of CYP1A1 gene ( CYP1A1m1 , T6235C and CYP1A1m2 , A4889G) of 199 histologically verified breast cancer patients' and 160 cancer-free control women's specimens were performed by using PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703235/the-effects-of-bifidobacterium-animalis-ssp-lactis-b94-on-gastrointestinal-wellness-in-adults-with-prader-willi-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Zainab Alyousif, Jennifer L Miller, Mariana Y Sandoval, Chad W MacPherson, Varuni Nagulesapillai, Wendy J Dahl
BACKGROUND: Constipation is a frequent problem in adults with Prader-Willi syndrome. Certain probiotics have been shown to improve transit and gastrointestinal symptoms of adults with functional constipation. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of daily consumption of Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis B94 (B. lactis B94) on stool frequency, stool form, and gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with Prader-Willi syndrome. METHODS: Adults with Prader-Willi syndrome (18-75 years old, n = 36) will be recruited and enrolled in a 20-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study...
April 27, 2018: Trials
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