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Total hip replacement

Chun-Hung Chang, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu, Wing-Wai Wong, Ming-Chau Chang, Wei-Ming Chen
INTRODUCTION: Evidence about the optimal timing for total hip replacement (THR) in HIV-positive patients is scant. HYPOTHESIS: Preoperative criteria: cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) counts>200 cells/mm3 and an undetectable HIV virus load before THR, improve infection rates, aseptic loosenings, and functional outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 16 HIV-positive patients who had undergone 25 THRs between 2003 and 2015. None had hemophilia, and none were intravenous drug users (IVDUs)...
June 13, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Veera Venkata Satyanarayana Eethakota, Vinod Vaishnav, Linda Johnston, Rami Abboud, Weijie Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Currently it is not clear whether age is a factor affecting revisions in total hip replacement (THR) and hip resurfacing (HR). This study aimed to investigate which of THR or HR has a higher risk in terms of revision and complication within similar age groups. METHODS: A systemic review was performed for published literature research databases and local data and compared the two procedures under the condition that both groups of patients were age matched...
June 12, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Nicole Lay Tin Tan, Justin Lindley Hunt, Stella May Gwini
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs may improve recovery and reduce duration of hospital stay after joint replacement surgery. However, uptake is incomplete, and the relative importance of program components is unknown. This before-and-after quality improvement study was designed to determine whether adding 'non-surgical' components, to pre-existing 'surgical' components, in an Australian private healthcare setting, would improve patient recovery after total hip replacement...
June 13, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Udo Ego Anyaehie, Gabriel Okey Eyichukwu, Cajetan Uwatoronye Nwadinigwe, Amechi Uchenna Katchy
INTRODUCTION: Total hip replacement (THR) surgery is still evolving in Nigeria with increasing awareness as more cases are being done. This has attraction for individuals who hitherto had no solutions for their hip pathologies. These are mostly complex primary hips which present challenging technical difficulties with increased risk of complications, thus requiring detailed planning to ensure successful operation. This work aims to present the pattern of complex primary hips presenting for THR, the challenges and complications...
2018: SICOT-J
Chancellor F Gray, Hernan A Prieto, Andrew T Duncan, Hari K Parvataneni
Background: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) remains the highest expenditure in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) budget. One model to control cost is the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CJR) model. There has been no published literature to date examining the efficacy of CJR on value-based outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and sustainability of a multidisciplinary care redesign for total joint arthroplasty under the CJR paradigm at an academic tertiary care center...
June 2018: Arthroplasty Today
Murillo Adrados, Luke A Myhre, Lee E Rubin
Yoga has become a popular form of exercise, recreation, and meditation for adults in the United States. As the popularity of both yoga and the incidence of hip replacements have both coincidentally increased over the last 2 decades, we imagine that the number of total hip replacement patients partaking in the practice of yoga has also increased. There are no clear guidelines available for yoga practice following hip replacement. To date, there have been no published reports of prosthetic hip dislocations during yoga...
June 2018: Arthroplasty Today
Hilary Koech, Joshua M Lawrenz, Daniel R Mesko, Robert M Molloy
Revision total hip arthroplasty in the setting of severe femoral bone loss can be challenging, with salvage options often limited to modular tapered stems, allograft prosthetic composites, and megaprostheses. This case highlights a 79-year-old woman with 2 years of thigh pain who is 8 years status post a revision proximal femoral allograft prosthetic composite reconstruction. Radiographs demonstrated significant stem subsidence into the femoral condyle. In an attempt to avoid a total femoral replacement and spare her functioning native knee, a tibial cone was used in conjunction with a proximal femoral replacement to structurally fill the flaring femoral canal and serve as a stable pedestal for the megaprosthesis body and provide the potential for biologic ingrowth...
June 2018: Arthroplasty Today
Omar Amado, Maria Bautista, Jose Moore, Guillermo Bonilla, Nicolas Jimenez, Adolfo Llinás
Introduction: Joint dislocation is one of the most frequent complications after hip arthroplasty. Multiple strategies have demonstrated ability to prevent instability when used in isolation, but the effect when more than one intervention is implemented has not been measured. The purpose of this study is to assess the rate of dislocation after implementation of a protocol of combined strategies for prevention of instability. Materials and methods: Consecutive patients undergoing primary total hip replacement for hip osteoarthritis between February 2012 and June 2014 were included...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Jialiang Tian, Li Sun, Ruiyin Hu, Wei Han, Xiaobin Tian
Background: Most of studies suggest the cup inclination angle is controversial. All of the studies previous have not control the prosthesis type and head diameter, it is difficult to determine relative or synergistic effects of cup angle. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 54 patients (61 hips) with primary total hip arthroplasties which cup inclination angle bigger than 500 after a mean 11.8 years follow-up. All the prosthesis are noncemented cup with a 28 mm metal head(Trilogy Acetabular Shell, Zimmer)...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Francesco Esposito, Marco Freddolini, Massimiliano Marcucci, Leonardo Latella, Andrea Corvi
BACKGROUND: Crutch use is prescribed early in the rehabilitation process following total hip replacement (THR) surgery to improve safety and promote return to active living. RESEARCH QUESTION: Purpose of this study was to understand mid-term effects of crutch length setup on quiet standing and walking two months post-op when crutch use was no longer required. METHODS: Thirty patients were evaluated 2 months post-surgery when they had been walking without crutch for a month...
June 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
Yeong J Lau, Shashank Sarmah, Johan D Witt
INTRODUCTION: 3rd generation ceramic bearings were introduced in total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the potential to have better mechanical strength and wear properties than their predecessors. At present, there are few studies looking at the long-term results of this latest generation of ceramic bearings. The purpose of our study was to investigate the long-term clinical and radiographic results of 3rd generation ceramic-on-ceramic THA and the incidence of ceramic specific complications such as squeaking and bearing surface fracture...
March 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Pablo Mariani, Martin A Buttaro, Pablo A Slullitel, Fernando M Comba, Gerardo Zanotti, Pablo Ali, Francisco Piccaluga
INTRODUCTION: Hip revision surgery is associated with a high probability of the necessity for a blood transfusion. Different studies support the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) to decrease the rate of transfusions in primary hip surgery. Nevertheless, the use of this drug in hip revision surgery has not yet been widely accepted. The aim of our study was to establish the rate of blood transfusion with and without TXA in hip revision surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 125 hip revision surgery patients operated on between 2011 and 2014...
March 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Xing-Chun Tan, Gao-Feng Xue, Hong-Zhang Guo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Xiaoyan Luo, Ran Cheng, Jing Zhang, Yaxian Ma, Jun Zhang, Yunyao Luo, Liangzhi Xu
The study aims to investigate the body composition and bone mineral density (BMD) characteristics and discuss the relationships among body composition, BMD and sex steroid level in POF. A total of 240 POF patients, 240 normal women, and peri/postmenopausal women (Peri-M/Post-M) (260 patients in each group) were included. Compared to the control group, POF patients? strength of left/right lower limb (SLL/SRL), muscle distributing coefficient of lower limbs (MD) decreased however, waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC) increased...
June 8, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Eric T Wittbrodt, Tong J Gan, Catherine Datto, Charles McLeskey, Meenal Sinha
Purpose: Constipation is a well-known complication of surgery that can be exacerbated by opioid analgesics. This study evaluated resource utilization and costs associated with opioid-induced constipation (OIC). Patients and methods: This retrospective, observational, and propensity-matched cohort study utilized the Premier Healthcare Database. The study included adults ≥18 years of age undergoing total hip or total knee replacement as inpatients who received an opioid analgesic and were discharged between January 1, 2012, and June 30, 2015...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Muhammad Umar, Noman Jahangir, Qasim Malik, Steven Kershaw, Keith Barnes, Syam Morapudi
Introduction: Metal on Metal (MoM) hip arthroplasty saw a new era of popularity with development of its second generation bearing surfaces, in the first decade of this century. However, by the end of that decade, concerns had been raised due to metal debris related complications.We aimed to determine the survival of MoM stemmed hip replacement in younger population. We also studied the rate of revision related to adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD) along with reviewing the clinical and radiological progress of MoM hip arthroplasty in younger age (<55 yrs) group...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Patrick G Robinson, Conor S Rankin, Jonathan Lavery, Iain Anthony, Mark Blyth, Bryn Jones
We aim to validate the "Modified Forgotten Joint Score" (MFJS) as a new patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) in hip and knee arthroplasty, against the UK's gold standard Oxford Hip and Knee Scores (OHS/OKS). The original Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) (12 items) was created to assess post-arthroplasty joint awareness. We modified the FJS to 10-items to improve its reliability. Postal questionnaires were sent out to 400 total hip or knee replacement (THR/TKR) patients who were 1-2 years' post-op, along with the OHS/OKS...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Jitesh Rajpaul, Mahomed Noor Rasool
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether computer assisted surgery (CAS) can provide a more accurate, reproducible technique to achieve equal leg lengths in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and to compare the clinical outcome with conventional on table judgement of leg lengths in unilateral total hip replacement. Methods: A collective review of the literature was undertaken utilizing applicable databases. Research criteria were the following: (1) Developing and developed country studies, (2) level II, III, IV and V studies, (3) human subjects only, (4) period of study from 1996 to 2017 - English text only...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Andrew Walls, Adam Tucker, David S Warnock, David Beverland
Ceramic earrings have an established and successful history in total hip replacement. Occasionally, these articulations have problems, which include squeaking and implant fracture.
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Kristie B Hadden, Latrina Y Prince, Marty K Bushmiaer, Jamie C Watson, C Lowry Barnes
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed patients' health literacy and expectations for total hip (THA) and total knee (TKA) replacement surgery, and compared health literacy levels of patients and their caregivers. METHODS: A convenience sample of 200 THA/TKA participants, patients and their caregivers, participated in this study. RESULTS: Results demonstrated no statistical difference in health literacy between patients and their caregivers. However, patients with lower health literacy had significantly lower expectations for walking after surgery...
May 28, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
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