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High dietary Phosphorus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340638/dietary-energy-digestible-lysine-and-available-phosphorus-levels-affect-growth-performance-carcass-traits-and-amino-acid-digestibility-of-broilers
#1
Nishchal K Sharma, Mingan Choct, Mehdi Toghyani, Yan C S M Laurenson, C K Girish, Robert A Swick
A 3-factor, 3-level Box-Behnken design was used to investigate the interaction effect of dietary digestible lysine (dLys, 9.5, 10.5, 11.5 g/kg), apparent metabolizable energy (AMEn, 12.77, 13.19, 13.61 MJ/kg) and available P (avP, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0 g/kg) levels on performance and amino acid (AA) digestibility of Ross 308 male broilers (n = 1,050) from d 14 to 34. The design consisted of 15 treatments each replicated 5 times with 12 birds per replicate. On d 34, 3 birds were sampled from each pen to collect ileal digesta (pooled per pen) to analyze AA...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329831/physicochemical-properties-nutritional-value-and-techno-functional-properties-of-goldenberry-physalis-peruviana-waste-powder-concise-title-composition-of-goldenberry-juice-waste
#2
Sayed M Mokhtar, Hesham M Swailam, Hassan El-Sayed Embaby
Goldenberry waste powder, contained 5.87% moisture, 15.89% protein, 13.72% fat, 3.52% ash, 16.74% dietary fiber and 61% carbohydrates. Potassium (560 mg/100 g) was the predominant element followed by sodium (170 mg/100 g) and phosphorus (130 mg/100 g). Amino acid analysis gave high levels of cystine/methionine, histidine and tyrosine/phenylalanine. Goldenberry waste powder had good levels of the techno-functional properties including water absorption index, swelling index, foaming capacity and stability (3...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281993/vitamin-e-protects-against-extraskeletal-calcification-in-uremic-rats-fed-high-fat-diets
#3
Rafael Rios, Ana I Raya, Carmen Pineda, Mariano Rodriguez, Ignacio Lopez, Escolastico Aguilera-Tejero
BACKGROUND: High fat diets are implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome, obesity and renal disease. Previous studies have revealed that high fat diets promote vascular calcification in uremic rats. Moreover, vitamin E has been shown to prevent uremic calcifications in genetically obese Zucker rats fed standard diet. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of vitamin E supplementation on the development of extraskeletal calcifications in non-obese (wild type) uremic rats fed high fat diets...
December 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280657/-assessment-of-diet-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-diseases-without-dialysis-and-relationship-with-the-nutritional-status
#4
Almudena Pérez Torres, María Elena González García, Ana María López Sobaler, Rafael Jesús Sánchez Villanueva, Rafael Selgas Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Diet is one of the pillars of the treatment for patients with chronic kidney disease without dialysis (NDD-CKD). Despite this, very few studies have evaluated the diet in Spanish population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diet of a group of patients with advanced CKD, comparing it with the recommendations, and its relation with nutritional status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 74 patients (39 men), with a mean age of 70...
October 27, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249825/reliability-and-comparative-validity-of-a-diet-quality-index-for-assessing-dietary-patterns-of-preschool-aged-children-in-sydney-australia
#5
Kanita Kunaratnam, Mark Halaki, Li Ming Wen, Louise A Baur, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To report on the reliability and validity of a Diet Quality Index (DQI) to assess preschoolers dietary patterns using a short food frequency questionnaire (sFFQ) and 3-day food records (3d-FR). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Seventy-seven preschool carers/parents completed a telephone interview on preschoolers (2-5-year olds) dietary habits in metropolitan Sydney. Agreement in scores was assessed using intraclass correlation (ICC) and paired t-tests for repeated sFFQ-DQI scores and Bland-Altman methods and paired t-tests for sFFQ-DQI and 3d-FR-DQI scores...
December 18, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240752/effect-of-early-dietary-energy-restriction-and-phosphorus-level-on-subsequent-growth-performance-intestinal-phosphate-transport-and-ampk-activity-in-young-broilers
#6
Zhiqiang Miao, Guixian Zhang, Junzhen Zhang, Jianhui Li, Yu Yang
We aimed to determine the effect of low dietary energy on intestinal phosphate transport and the possible underlying mechanism to explain the long-term effects of early dietary energy restriction and non-phytate phosphorus (NPP). A 2 × 3 factorial experiment, consisting of 2 energy levels and 3 NPP levels, was conducted. Broiler growth performance, intestinal morphology in 0-21 days and 22-35 days, type IIb sodium-phosphate co-transporter (NaPi-IIb) mRNA expression, adenylate purine concentrations in the duodenum, and phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK-α) activity in 0-21 days were determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202697/genetic-diversity-and-association-mapping-of-mineral-element-concentrations-in-spinach-leaves
#7
Jun Qin, Ainong Shi, Beiquan Mou, Michael A Grusak, Yuejin Weng, Waltram Ravelombola, Gehendra Bhattarai, Lingdi Dong, Wei Yang
BACKGROUND: Spinach is a useful source of dietary vitamins and mineral elements. Breeding new spinach cultivars with high nutritional value is one of the main goals in spinach breeding programs worldwide, and identification of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers for mineral element concentrations is necessary to support spinach molecular breeding. The purpose of this study was to conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and to identify SNP markers associated with mineral elements in the USDA-GRIN spinach germplasm collection...
December 4, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178376/a-comparative-meta-analysis-on-the-relationship-of-faecal-calcium-and-phosphorus-excretion-in-mammals
#8
REVIEW
L F Böswald, B Dobenecker, M Clauss, E Kienzle
To investigate the relationship between faecal calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) excretion in different mammalian species, a meta-analysis on digestibility data derived from the literature was conducted. Seventy-three studies on carnivores, omnivores, large and small hindgut fermenters, ruminants and hippos (a total of 21 mammalian species, precondition for inclusion dietary Ca/P ratio 1.5/1 - 3.0/1) were analysed for Ca and P digestibility. Dietary Ca/P ratios were lower than faecal Ca/P ratios in carnivores, omnivores, ruminants and hippos...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159450/lower-dietary-phosphorus-supply-in-pigs-match-both-animal-welfare-aspects-and-resource-efficiency
#9
Michael Oster, Christian Gerlinger, Kaja Heide, Franziska Just, Luisa Borgelt, Petra Wolf, Christian Polley, Brigitte Vollmar, Eduard Muráni, Siriluck Ponsuksili, Klaus Wimmers
Dietary phosphorus frequently exceeds age-specific requirements and pig manure often contains high phosphorus load which causes environmental burden at regional scales. Therefore, feeding strategies towards improved phosphorus efficiency and reduced environmental phosphorus load have to be developed. A 5-week feeding trial was conducted: piglets received medium, lower (-25%), or higher (+25%) amounts of phosphorus and calcium. Dietary responses were reflected by performance parameters, bone characteristics, and molecular data retrieved from serum, intestinal mucosa, and kidney cortex (p < 0...
November 20, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121493/prevalence-of-consumption-and-nutritional-content-of-breakfast-meal-among-adolescents-from-the-brazilian-national-dietary-survey
#10
Jaqueline L Pereira, Michelle A de Castro, Sinead Hopkins, Carolyn Gugger, Regina M Fisberg, Mauro Fisberg
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of breakfast consumption and describe the foods and nutrients consumed at this meal and throughout the day by Brazilian adolescents. METHOD: A total of 7276 adolescents aged 10-19 years were evaluated in the Brazilian National Dietary Survey 2008-9, a population-based cross-sectional study. Individuals' information was collected at home. Dietary data were obtained by two food records. Breakfast was defined as the first eating occasion of the day that occurred between 6 and 9:59am...
November 6, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112750/high-stocking-density-alters-bone-related-calcium-and-phosphorus-metabolism-by-changing-intestinal-absorption-in-broiler-chickens
#11
Z W Sun, Q H Fan, X X Wang, Y M Guo, H J Wang, X Dong
Live performance, bone health and metabolic responses to the interaction among stocking density and dietary concentrations of total calcium (TCa) and non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) were determined on 2,232 Ross 308 female broilers over a 3-wk experimental period. From 22 d of age, birds were randomly divided into 48 groups and provided with different corn-soybean meal-based diets varying in TCa (0.70% or 0.90%) and NPP (0.28% or 0.36%) content at 1 of 2 stocking densities [28.6 (LSD, 13 broilers/m2) and 39.6 (HSD, 18 broilers/m2) kg of predicted final BW/m2 floor space], according to a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial design with 6 replications in each treatment...
November 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078812/dietary-changes-in-nutritional-studies-shape-the-structural-and-functional-composition-of-the-pigs-fecal-microbiome-from-days-to-weeks
#12
Bruno Tilocca, Katharina Burbach, Charlotte M E Heyer, Ludwig E Hoelzle, Rainer Mosenthin, Volker Stefanski, Amélia Camarinha-Silva, Jana Seifert
BACKGROUND: The possible impact of changes in diet composition on the intestinal microbiome is mostly studied after some days of adaptation to the diet of interest. The question arises if a few days are enough to reflect the microbial response to the diet by changing the community composition and function. The present study investigated the fecal microbiome of pigs during a time span of 4 weeks after a dietary change to obtain insights regarding the time required for adaptation. Four different diets were used differing in either protein source (field peas meal vs...
October 27, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077938/assessment-of-the-minimal-available-phosphorus-needs-of-pullets-during-the-pre-laying-period
#13
M Jing, S Zhao, A Rogiewicz, B A Slominski, J D House
Dietary phosphorus (P) oversupply is costly to the poultry industry and represents a point source of excessive P discharge to the environment via manure application to soils. The current study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary available P (AP) level on growth performance, plasma biochemistry, bone characteristics, and P flow in order to assess minimal AP needs of pullets during the pre-lay period. A total of 192 Lohmann pullet chicks were randomly allocated to one of 4 treatments with 8 replicate cages of 6 birds per cage...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058123/phosphorus-availability-in-the-source-population-influences-response-to-dietary-phosphorus-quantity-in-a-new-zealand-freshwater-snail
#14
Amy C Krist, Laura Bankers, Katelyn Larkin, Michele D Larson, Daniel J Greenwood, Marissa A Dyck, Maurine Neiman
We investigated whether previously documented variation among populations in availability of dietary phosphorus (P) is linked to heterogeneity in growth rate of the New Zealand freshwater snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum on a P-limited diet. We chose this system because P. antipodarum inhabits water bodies that vary in P availability and because P. antipodarum growth rate varies considerably in response to low P. We quantified specific growth rate and alkaline phosphatase (AP) expression in a diverse array of juvenile P...
December 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943082/nutritional-rickets-in-taiwanese-children-experiences-at-a-single-center
#15
Li-Hsin Chuang, Yi-Ching Tung, Shih-Yao Liu, Cheng-Ting Lee, Huey-Ling Chen, Wen-Yu Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The number of children with nutritional rickets in Taiwan has increased over the last decade. The aim of this study was to present our experiences in the management of patients with this condition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2016, 10 children (3 boys and 7 girls) with nutritional rickets were enrolled in this study. Their clinical and biochemical data were analyzed. RESULTS: The median age of the 10 patients was 21 months (range, 12-25 months)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938791/effects-of-a-high-dose-of-microbial-phytase-and-myo-inositol-supplementation-on-growth-performance-tibia-mineralization-nutrient-digestibility-litter-moisture-content-and-foot-problems-in-broiler-chickens-fed-phosphorus-deficient-diets
#16
D Farhadi, A Karimi, Gh Sadeghi, J Rostamzadeh, M R Bedford
A total of 660 one-day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly distributed into eleven dietary treatments. Treatments included a maize-soybean meal-based diet with recommended calcium (Ca) and non-phytate phosphorus (nPP) (positive control; PC), an nPP-deficient diet (negative control; NC), NC diets supplemented with different levels of phytase (0, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000, 4,000, 5,000, and 6,000 FTU/kg), a NC diet plus 0.15% myo-inositol, and a NC diet with reduced Ca level (Ca to nPP ratio same as PC)...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866091/variation-in-sodium-intake-and-intra-individual-change-in-blood-pressure-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Chetna M Pathak, Joachim H Ix, Cheryl A M Anderson, Tyler B Woodell, Gerard Smits, Martha S Persky, Geoffrey A Block, Dena E Rifkin
OBJECTIVE: In the kidney disease clinic setting, higher-than-usual blood pressure is often ascribed to recent dietary sodium indiscretion. While clinical trials demonstrate a clear relationship between salt intake and blood pressure on the population level, it is uncertain whether real-world variation in sodium intake within individual chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is associated with fluctuations in blood pressure. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Phosphorus Normalization Trial, in which participants with CKD eating their usual diets completed at least three 24-hour urine collections over 9 months, from which we measured sodium...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845528/nutrient-intake-and-urinary-incontinence-in-korean-women-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#18
Jun Ho Lee, Hyo Serk Lee
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between dietary nutrients and female urinary incontinence using nationally representative data from Korea. METHODS: We included 8090 women aged >20 years who had participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV. We carried out a propensity-matched study by identifying women with urinary incontinence. Women without urinary incontinence, matched for age, body mass index, menopause, delivery history, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, stroke, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and amount of total food intake, were included as a control group at a 2:1 ratio (661 women with urinary incontinence; 1322 women without urinary incontinence)...
November 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840444/effects-of-excessive-dietary-phosphorus-intake-on-bone-health
#19
REVIEW
Colby J Vorland, Elizabeth R Stremke, Ranjani N Moorthi, Kathleen M Hill Gallant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of dietary phosphorus, its sources, recommended intakes, and its absorption and metabolism in health and in chronic kidney disease and to discuss recent findings in this area with a focus on the effects of inorganic phosphate additives in bone health. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings show that increasing dietary phosphorus through inorganic phosphate additives has detrimental effects on bone and mineral metabolism in humans and animals...
October 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838591/effects-of-serum-phosphorus-on-vascular-calcification-in-a-healthy-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Kristin Sheridan, John V Logomarsino
Cardiovascular disease has been associated with elevated serum phosphorus levels, which have been associated with cardiovascular mortality. This is commonly seen in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population where studies have shown that high phosphorus levels cause coronary artery calcification. Although studies have independently associated vascular stiffness and serum phosphorus in those with and without CKD, there are fewer data in individuals without CKD. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to analyze whether serum phosphorus levels are associated with cardiovascular calcification in healthy individuals...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
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