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High dietary Phosphorus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515729/growth-and-yield-responses-of-cowpea-to-inoculation-and-phosphorus-fertilization-in-different-environments
#1
Stephen Kyei-Boahen, Canon E N Savala, David Chikoye, Robert Abaidoo
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a major source of dietary protein and essential component of the cropping systems in semi-arid regions of Sub-Saharan Africa. However, yields are very low due to lack of improved cultivars, poor management practices, and limited inputs use. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of rhizobia inoculant and P on nodulation, N accumulation and yield of two cowpea cultivars in Mozambique. Field study was conducted in three contrasting environments during the 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons using randomized complete block design with four replications and four treatments...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507408/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-fermented-fish-silage-on-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-broiler-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#2
Sasmita Panda, Laxman Kumar Babu, Arun Kumar Panda, Tanuja S, Anurag Mohanty, Kuldeep Kumar Panigrahy, Pinaki Samal
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented fish silage (FFS) on serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192, 7-day-old broiler Japanese quail chicks of either sex, were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments with four replicates in each group having 12 chicks in each replicate pen. The dietary treatments were T1 - Control diet, T2 - Diet containing 5% FFS, T3 - Diet containing 10% FFS, and T4 - Diet containing 15% FFS...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460884/enhanced-therapeutic-benefit-of-quercetin-loaded-phytosome-nanoparticles-in-ovariectomized-rats
#3
Abeer I Abd El-Fattah, Mohamed M Fathy, Zeinab Y Ali, Abd El-Rahman A El-Garawany, Ehsan K Mohamed
Quercetin, a dietary flavonol phytoestrogen, has many health benefits but it is poorly absorbed when administered orally. To improve its bioavailability, we prepared quercetin-loaded phytosome nanoparticles (QP) using the thin film hydration method. The prepared nano-formulations were characterized using different techniques. Transmission electron microscopy revealed the homogeneously spherical, well and uniformly dispersed, nano-sized nature of QP. Dynamic light scattering measurements of QP (70 ± 7.44 nm) also confirmed this...
April 29, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443031/the-high-calcium-high-phosphorus-rescue-diet-is-not-suitable-to-prevent-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-vitamin-d-receptor-deficient-mice
#4
Sarah M Grundmann, Corinna Brandsch, Daniela Rottstädt, Hagen Kühne, Gabriele I Stangl
The vitamin D receptor (VDR) knockout (KO) mouse is a common model to unravel novel metabolic functions of vitamin D. It is recommended to feed these mice a high calcium (2%), high phosphorus (1.25%) diet, termed rescue diet (RD) to prevent hypocalcaemia and secondary hyperparathyroidism. First, we characterized the individual response of VDR KO mice to feeding a RD and found that the RD was not capable of normalizing the parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations in each VDR KO mouse. In a second study, we aimed to study whether RD with additional 1 and 2% calcium (in total 3 and 4% of the diet) is able to prevent secondary hyperparathyroidism in the VDR KO mice...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434242/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-ot%C3%A3-p2014-iii-macroelement-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#5
Barbara Nagy, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey examined the dietary habits of the Hungarian adult population. The aim of the study is to present the macroelement intake of the population. METHOD: The study represents the macrolement intake of the population with age 18 or over on the day of 31 December 2013, of those who are non-institutionalised. RESULTS: Salt intake decreased compared to the findings of the previous study in 2009 but it is still extremely high (15...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373320/erratum-for-chang-et-al-high-dietary-phosphorus-intake-is-associated-with-all-cause-mortality-results-from-nhanes-iii-am-j-clin-nutr-2014-99-320-7
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318577/effect-of-dietary-mineral-phosphorus-and-phytate-on-in-situ-ruminal-phytate-disappearance-from-different-concentrates-in-dairy-cows
#7
E Haese, J Möhring, H Steingass, M Schollenberger, M Rodehutscord
The first objective of this study was to determine the influence of dietary composition on the in situ disappearance of phytate (InsP6) from wheat, corn, soybean meal, and rapeseed meal [solvent-extracted, without (RSM) or with (hRSM) heat treatment] in the rumen of dairy cows. The second objective was to assess the primary degradation products of InsP6 in the rumen. Three diets differing in phosphorus and InsP6 concentration (basal diet = 0.38% P in dry matter; high-P diet = 0.56% P; high-InsP6 diet = 0.39% P) were fed to 3 ruminally fistulated lactating Jersey cows in a 3 × 3 Latin square...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298956/phosphorus-regulation-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Wadi N Suki, Linda W Moore
Serum phosphorus levels stay relatively constant through the influence of multiple factors-such as parathyroid hormone, fibroblast growth factor 23, and vitamin D-on the kidney, bone, and digestive system. Whereas normal serum phosphorus ranges between 3 mg/dL to 4.5 mg/dL, large cross-sectional studies have shown that even people with normal kidney function are sometimes found to have levels ranging between 1.6 mg/dL and 6.2 mg/dL. While this may partially be due to diet and the factors mentioned above, total understanding of these atypical ranges of serum phosphorus remains uncertain...
October 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277077/effect-of-low-levels-of-dietary-available-phosphorus-on-phosphorus-utilization-bone-mineralization-phosphorus-transporter-mrna-expression-and-performance-in-growing-pigs
#9
Bishwo B Pokharel, Alemu Regassa, Charles M Nyachoti, Woo K Kim
A study was conducted to examine the effects of different dietary levels of available phosphorus (aP) on P excretion, bone mineralization, performance and the mRNA expression of sodium-dependent P transporters in growing pigs. Sixty-day old growing pigs (n = 54) with an average initial BW of 19.50 ± 1.11 kg were randomly allocated to a control diet (C) containing 0.23% available phosphorus (aP), T1 containing 0.17% aP and T2 containing 0.11% aP. There were 6 pens per treatment with 3 pigs per pen. Body weight and feed intake were measured weekly...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273346/interactive-effects-of-genotype-and-food-quality-on-consumer-growth-rate-and-elemental-content
#10
Clay Prater, Nicole D Wagner, Paul C Frost
Consumer body stoichiometry is a key trait that links organismal physiology to population and ecosystem-level dynamics. However, as elemental composition has traditionally been considered to be constrained within a species, the ecological and evolutionary factors shaping consumer elemental composition have not been clearly resolved. To this end, we examined the causes and extent of variation in the body phosphorus (P) content and the expression of P-linked traits, mass specific growth rate (MSGR), and P use efficiency (PUE) of the keystone aquatic consumer Daphnia using lake surveys and common garden experiments...
March 8, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238467/micronutrient-intake-adequacy-in-children-from-birth-to-8-years-data-from-the-childhood-obesity-project
#11
Marta Zaragoza-Jordana, Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo, Veronica Luque, Natàlia Ferré, Veit Grote, Berthold Koletzko, Ingrid Pawellek, Elvira Verduci, Alice ReDionigi, Jerzy Socha, Anna Stolarczyk, Pascale Poncelet, Déborah Rousseaux, Joaquin Escribano
BACKGROUND: In European countries, suboptimal intake has been reported for several micronutrients (as calcium, iron, zinc, vitamin B12, D and folate) in both adulthood and childhood. No studies to date have prospectively compiled nutrient intake from healthy children in different European countries using the same methodology. AIM: To describe the adequacy of micronutrient intake during the first eight years of life in children from 5 European countries. METHODS: Prospective observational trial analyzing data from the EU Childhood Obesity Project...
February 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215315/dietary-phosphorus-intake-is-negatively-associated-with-bone-formation-among-women-and-positively-associated-with-some-bone-traits-among-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-middle-aged-caucasians
#12
Suvi T Itkonen, Hannu J Rita, Elisa M Saarnio, Virpi E Kemi, Heini J Karp, Merja U M Kärkkäinen, Minna H Pekkinen, E Kalevi Laitinen, Juha Risteli, Marja-Kaisa Koivula, Harri Sievänen, Christel J E Lamberg-Allardt
High dietary phosphorus (P) intake has acute negative effects on calcium (Ca) and bone metabolism, but long-term clinical data are contradictory. We hypothesized that high P intake is associated with impaired bone health as suggested by earlier short-term studies on bone metabolism. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated associations between dietary P intake, bone traits in the radius and tibia, and bone turnover in a population-based sample of 37- to 47-year-old Caucasian premenopausal women (n=333) and men (n=179) living in Southern Finland (60°N)...
January 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207797/mutation-increasing-%C3%AE-carotene-concentrations-does-not-adversely-affect-concentrations-of-essential-mineral-elements-in-pepper-fruit
#13
Nasya B Tomlekova, Philip J White, Jacqueline A Thompson, Emil A Penchev, Stephan Nielen
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are prevalent in human populations throughout the world. Vitamin A deficiency affects hundreds of millions of pre-school age children in low income countries. Fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) can be a major dietary source of precursors to Vitamin A biosynthesis, such as β-carotene. Recently, pepper breeding programs have introduced the orange-fruited (of) trait of the mutant variety Oranzheva kapiya, which is associated with high fruit β-carotene concentrations, to the mutant variety Albena...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194267/retinol-%C3%AE-tocopherol-and-selected-minerals-in-breast-milk-of-lactating-women-with-full-term-infants-in-south-korea
#14
Hyesook Kim, Byung-Mun Jung, Bum-Noh Lee, Yun-Je Kim, Ji A Jung, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to measure fat-soluble vitamins and minerals in breast milk of Korean lactating mothers who exclusively breastfed their babies. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Breast milk samples were collected from 334 mothers. Concentrations of retinol and α-tocopherol were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography ultraviolet spectrometry while concentrations of minerals were measured by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171726/overuse-of-phosphorus-fertilizer-reduces-the-grain-and-flour-protein-contents-and-zinc-bioavailability-of-winter-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#15
Wei Zhang, Dunyi Liu, Yumin Liu, Xinping Chen, Chunqin Zou
To supplement human dietary nutrition, it is necessary to evaluate the effects of phosphorus (P) fertilizer application on grain and flour protein contents and especially on the bioavailability of zinc (Zn). A field experiment of winter wheat with six P application rates (0, 25, 50, 100, 200, 400 kg/ha) was conducted from 2013 to 2015. The grain yield increased with P application but was not further enhanced when P rates exceeded 50 kg/ha. As P application increased, the protein concentration in grain and standard flour and the viscosity of standard flour decreased...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168180/association-between-nutrient-intake-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#16
Hee-Sook Lim, Eung-Jin Shin, Jeong-Won Yeom, Yoon-Hyung Park, Soon-Kyung Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference of nutritional status according to metabolic syndrome in colorectal cancer patients. The subjects were divided into 2 groups (metabolic syndrome group and normal group) according to the presence or absence of metabolic syndrome in 143 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and their lifestyle and nutritional status were analyzed. Recall method was used for the dietary survey, and metabolic syndrome was defined as the presence of 3 or more of waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and blood pressure...
January 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140633/effects-of-various-diets-on-the-calcium-and-phosphorus-composition-of-mealworms-tenebrio-molitor-larvae-and-superworms-zophobas-morio-larvae
#17
La'Toya V Latney, Barbara D Toddes, Nicole R Wyre, Dorothy C Brown, Kathryn E Michel, Johanna A Briscoe
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the nutritive quality of Tenebrio molitor larvae and Zophobas morio larvae, which are commonly cultured as live food sources, is influenced by 4 commercially available diets used as nutritional substrates; identify which diet best improved calcium content of larvae; and identify the feeding time interval that assured the highest calcium intake by larvae. ANIMALS 2,000 Zophobas morio larvae (ie, superworms) and 7,500 Tenebrio molitor larvae (ie, mealworms). PROCEDURES Larvae were placed in control and diet treatment groups for 2-, 7-, and 10-day intervals...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110703/plant-based-diets-relatively-low-in-bioavailable-phosphate-and-calcium-may-aid-prevention-and-control-of-prostate-cancer-by-lessening-production-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23
#18
Mark F McCarty
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a hormonal regulator of phosphate and vitamin D metabolism produced primarily in bone by osteocytes and mature osteoblasts, is now known to have growth factor activity for many prostate cancers. In some of these cancers, autocrine production of FGF23 drives their proliferation. FGF23 synthesized within bone likely promotes the expansion of prostate cancer bone metastases. Hence, dietary or lifestyle factors which boost bone's production of FGF23 may encourage the induction and spread of prostate cancer...
February 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007489/proposal-for-a-breakfast-quality-index-for-brazilian-population-rationale-and-application-in-the-brazilian-national-dietary-survey
#19
Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Michelle Alessandra de Castro, Sinead Hopkins, Carolyn Gugger, Regina Mara Fisberg, Mauro Fisberg
Breakfast has been related to positive nutrition and health outcomes, but criteria for an optimal composition of this meal are not well established. The aim of this study was to propose a breakfast quality index (BQI) for the Brazilian population, and to describe the relationship between breakfast quality, socio-demographic factors, dietary intake at breakfast and for the total day. BQI was constructed based on individual dietary data of 22,279 breakfast consumers, aged 20+ years from the Brazilian National Dietary Survey, a population-based cross-sectional study...
December 19, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935525/association-of-dietary-protein-and-dairy-intakes-and-change-in-renal-function-results-from-the-population-based-longitudinal-doetinchem-cohort-study
#20
Gerrie-Cor M Herber-Gast, Sander Biesbroek, Wm Monique Verschuren, Coen DA Stehouwer, Ron T Gansevoort, Stephan Jl Bakker, Annemieke Mw Spijkerman
BACKGROUND: Evidence has suggested that protein from dairy may be less detrimental to renal health than protein from nondairy products. However, to our knowledge, no previous studies have used cystatin C-based measures of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations of sources of protein and dairy with the change in the eGFR in persons with a normal or mildly decreased eGFR. DESIGN: We included 3798 participants, aged 26-65 y, from the Doetinchem Cohort study who were examined ≥3 times 5 y apart...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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