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High dietary Phosphorus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728391/dietary-maifanite-supplementation-did-not-affect-the-apparent-total-tract-digestibility-of-calcium-and-phosphorus-in-growing-pigs
#1
Lili Bai, Dongxu Ming, Shuren Dong, Zhongyue Yang, Wenhui Wang, Shuai Zhang, Xiangshu Piao, Ling Liu, Fenglai Wang
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary maifanite supplementation and fecal collection method on the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) and blood parameters in growing pigs. Methods: Thirty-six growing barrows (Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshire;27.0±2.6 kg) were allotted to six dietary treatments with 6 pigs per treatment according to body weight in a completely randomized design. The experimental treatments were: (1) Low Ca+cornstarch (2...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726985/influence-of-dietary-crude-protein-and-phosphorus-on-ileal-digestion-of-phosphorus-and-amino-acids-in-growing-pigs
#2
P C Xue, D Ragland, O Adeola
A study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary CP levels on ileal P digestion in growing pigs. A total of 18 ileal-cannulated pigs (44.2 ± 3.2 kg initial BW) were used in a duplicated 9 × 3 incomplete Latin square design, with 9 treatments and three 7-d experimental periods giving 6 replicates per treatment. The 9 treatments consisted of 1 N-free diet to estimate basal endogenous loss of AA and 8 corn-soybean meal-based diets in a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement, which included 2 CP levels (6.9 or 13...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712055/potential-of-casein-as-a-carrier-for-biologically-active-agents
#3
REVIEW
Tomasz Konrad Głąb, Janusz Boratyński
Casein is the collective name for a family of milk proteins. In bovine milk, casein comprises four peptides: αS1, αS2, β, and κ, differing in their amino acid, phosphorus and carbohydrate content but similar in their amphiphilic character. Hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions of casein show block distribution in the protein chain. Casein peptides carry negative charge on their surface as a result of phosphorylation and tend to bind nanoclusters of amorphous calcium phosphate. Due to these properties, in suitable conditions, casein molecules agglomerate into spherical micelles...
August 2017: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702941/an-application-of-partial-least-squares-for-identifying-dietary-patterns-in-bone-health
#4
Tiffany C Yang, Lorna S Aucott, Garry G Duthie, Helen M Macdonald
In a large cohort of older women, a mechanism-driven statistical technique for assessing dietary patterns that considers a potential nutrient pathway found two dietary patterns associated with lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density. A "healthy" dietary pattern was observed to be beneficial for bone mineral density. INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns represent a broader, more realistic representation of how foods are consumed, compared to individual food or nutrient analyses. Partial least-squares (PLS) is a data-reduction technique for identifying dietary patterns that maximizes correlation between foods and nutrients hypothesized to be on the path to disease, is more hypothesis-driven than previous methods, and has not been applied to the study of dietary patterns in relation to bone health...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700185/-dialysis-and-cookers-a-project-for-the-empowerment-of-patients-in-managing-their-own-chronic-renal-failure
#5
REVIEW
Mara Cabibbe, Alberto Montoli, Franca Cassaro, Paola Cortesi, Rossana D'Oria, Michela Izzo, Monica Grotti, Nadia Manca, Filomena Marino, Cecilia Biazzi, Giuliano Cingoli, Giacomo Colussi
The phosphate and potassium control is indispensable to dominate the secondary hyperparathyroidism and reduce cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients. Most of them receive only theoretical nutritional information. We therefore organized a cooking workshop for dialysis patients, with a multidisciplinary team consisting of nurses, nephrologists, a dietitian and a professional chef, to directly teach the patients and their families how to realize a low phosphorus and potassium menu, assessing the proper use of phosphate binders, and blood tests at baseline and at three and six months...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674306/a-comparison-of-the-phosphorus-content-in-prescription-medications-for-hemodialysis-patients-in-japan
#6
Kazuki Shimoishi, Makoto Anraku, Ayako Uto, Daisuke Iohara, Fumitoshi Hirayama, Daisuke Kadowaki, Sachiko Zingami, Toru Maruyama, Masaki Otagiri
 A high dietary intake of phosphorus is considered to be a significant health threat for hemodialysis (HD) patients. Prescription medications, which might be a major source of phosphorus, is largely unrecognized in Japan. However, the amount of phosphorus indicated on the package label, is not quantified. In this study, the phosphorus content of 22 of the most widely prescribed medications that are used in conjunction with HD therapy were examined and differences between branded and generic prescription medications were compared...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615253/dietary-calcium-intake-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-stroke-and-fracture-in-a-population-with-low-calcium-intake
#7
Sung Hye Kong, Jung Hee Kim, A Ram Hong, Nam H Cho, Chan Soo Shin
Background: The role of dietary calcium intake in cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, and fracture is controversial. Most previous reports have evaluated populations with high calcium intake.Objective: We aimed to evaluate whether high dietary calcium intake was associated with the risk of CVD, stroke, and fracture in a population with low calcium intake.Design: In a prospective cohort study beginning in 2001 in Ansung-Ansan, Korea, 2158 men and 2153 women aged >50 y were evaluated for all-cause mortality, CVD, stroke, and fractures over a median 9-y follow-up...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613982/dietary-phosphorus-intake-and-the-kidney
#8
Alex R Chang, Cheryl Anderson
Although phosphorus is an essential nutrient required for multiple physiological functions, recent research raises concerns that high phosphorus intake could have detrimental effects on health. Phosphorus is abundant in the food supply of developed countries, occurring naturally in protein-rich foods and as an additive in processed foods. High phosphorus intake can cause vascular and renal calcification, renal tubular injury, and premature death in multiple animal models. Small studies in human suggest that high phosphorus intake may result in positive phosphorus balance and correlate with renal calcification and albuminuria...
June 14, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592606/high-dietary-phosphorus-density-is-a-risk-factor-for-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-development-in-diabetic-subjects-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Chang-Yun Yoon, Jung Tak Park, Jong Hyun Jhee, Juhwan Noh, Youn Kyung Kee, Changhwan Seo, Misol Lee, Min-Uk Cha, Hyoungnae Kim, Seohyun Park, Hae-Ryong Yun, Su-Young Jung, Seung Hyeok Han, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang
Background: High serum phosphorus concentrations are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the relation between dietary phosphorus intake and CKD development has not been well evaluated.Objective: In this study, we investigated the impact of dietary phosphorus density on the development of incident CKD in a cohort of subjects with normal renal function.Design: Data were retrieved from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study, a prospective community-based cohort study...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588376/phosphate-additive-avoidance-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
David E St-Jules, David S Goldfarb, Mary Lou Pompeii, Mary Ann Sevick
IN BRIEF Dietary guidelines for patients with diabetes extend beyond glycemic management to include recommendations for mitigating chronic disease risk. This review summarizes the literature suggesting that excess dietary phosphorus intake may increase the risk of skeletal and cardiovascular disease in patients who are in the early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) despite having normal serum phosphorus concentrations. It explores strategies for limiting dietary phosphorus, emphasizing that food additives, as a major source of highly bioavailable dietary phosphorus, may be a suitable target...
May 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577730/-sucroferric-oxyhydroxide-a-novel-iron-based-phosphate-binder-which-current-use-in-dialysis-patients
#11
Pierre Bataille, Vincent Delattre, Maité Daroux
International guidelines suggest lowering elevated phosphorus level to the normal range in patients on dialysis. Among the phosphate-lowering strategies, phosphate binder is frequently used in addition to dietary phosphate restriction and an adequate dialysis strategy. However, serum phosphate concentration higher than 1.78mmol/L is observed in more than 40% of patients justifying the quest for new drugs. Sucroferric oxyhydroxide is one of the new iron-based agents and is available in France since May 2016...
April 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552881/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-associated-factors-in-patients-with-mental-disorders-treated-in-routine-practice
#12
Svetlana Ristic, Sandra Zivanovic, Dragan R Milovanovic, Vladimir Janjic, Danijela Djokovic, Ana Jovicevic, Marijana Stanojevic Pirkovic, Sanja Kocic
This research aimed to investigate factors associated with vitamin D deficiency and to provide data about its prevalence in patients suffering from different psychiatric illnesses. The study had a cross-sectional design and it included 220 patients of both genders, aged from 19-81 y, with a wide range of mental disorders (F00-F89), and treated in routine ambulatory and hospital practice. The researchers collected data from three sources: medical records, a study questionnaire and biochemical analysis of patients' serum samples (concentration of vitamin D measured as 25(OH)D, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and potassium)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551270/inorganic-arsenic-removal-in-rice-bran-by-percolating-cooking-water
#13
Antonio J Signes-Pastor, Manus Carey, Andrew A Meharg
Rice bran, a by-product of milling rice, is highly nutritious but contains very high levels of the non-threshold carcinogen inorganic arsenic (i-As), at concentrations around 1mg/kg. This i-As content needs to be reduced to make rice bran a useful food ingredient. Evaluated here is a novel approach to minimizing rice bran i-As content which is also suitable for its stabilization namely, cooking bran in percolating arsenic-free boiling water. Up to 96% of i-As removal was observed for a range of rice bran products, with i-As removal related to the volume of cooking water used...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531788/association-of-dietary-factors-with-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease
#14
Namita Mahalle, M K Garg, S S Naik, M V Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease has taken epidemic proportions during past decades. Cardiovascular risk factors contribute to progression of coronary lesions, worsening the patient's prognosis. This study was planned to analyze the association of dietary factors with severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Indian patients. METHODS: Three hundred patients with known coronary disease above the age of 25 years were included in this study. Blood samples were collected for biochemical markers...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515729/growth-and-yield-responses-of-cowpea-to-inoculation-and-phosphorus-fertilization-in-different-environments
#15
Stephen Kyei-Boahen, Canon E N Savala, David Chikoye, Robert Abaidoo
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a major source of dietary protein and essential component of the cropping systems in semi-arid regions of Sub-Saharan Africa. However, yields are very low due to lack of improved cultivars, poor management practices, and limited inputs use. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of rhizobia inoculant and P on nodulation, N accumulation and yield of two cowpea cultivars in Mozambique. Field study was conducted in three contrasting environments during the 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons using randomized complete block design with four replications and four treatments...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507408/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-fermented-fish-silage-on-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-broiler-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#16
Sasmita Panda, Laxman Kumar Babu, Arun Kumar Panda, Tanuja S, Anurag Mohanty, Kuldeep Kumar Panigrahy, Pinaki Samal
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented fish silage (FFS) on serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192, 7-day-old broiler Japanese quail chicks of either sex, were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments with four replicates in each group having 12 chicks in each replicate pen. The dietary treatments were T1 - Control diet, T2 - Diet containing 5% FFS, T3 - Diet containing 10% FFS, and T4 - Diet containing 15% FFS...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460884/enhanced-therapeutic-benefit-of-quercetin-loaded-phytosome-nanoparticles-in-ovariectomized-rats
#17
Abeer I Abd El-Fattah, Mohamed M Fathy, Zeinab Y Ali, Abd El-Rahman A El-Garawany, Ehsan K Mohamed
Quercetin, a dietary flavonol phytoestrogen, has many health benefits but it is poorly absorbed when administered orally. To improve its bioavailability, we prepared quercetin-loaded phytosome nanoparticles (QP) using the thin film hydration method. The prepared nano-formulations were characterized using different techniques. Transmission electron microscopy revealed the homogeneously spherical, well and uniformly dispersed, nano-sized nature of QP. Dynamic light scattering measurements of QP (70 ± 7.44 nm) also confirmed this...
June 1, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443031/the-high-calcium-high-phosphorus-rescue-diet-is-not-suitable-to-prevent-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-vitamin-d-receptor-deficient-mice
#18
Sarah M Grundmann, Corinna Brandsch, Daniela Rottstädt, Hagen Kühne, Gabriele I Stangl
The vitamin D receptor (VDR) knockout (KO) mouse is a common model to unravel novel metabolic functions of vitamin D. It is recommended to feed these mice a high calcium (2%), high phosphorus (1.25%) diet, termed rescue diet (RD) to prevent hypocalcaemia and secondary hyperparathyroidism. First, we characterized the individual response of VDR KO mice to feeding a RD and found that the RD was not capable of normalizing the parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations in each VDR KO mouse. In a second study, we aimed to study whether RD with additional 1 and 2% calcium (in total 3 and 4% of the diet) is able to prevent secondary hyperparathyroidism in the VDR KO mice...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434242/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-ot%C3%A3-p2014-iii-macroelement-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#19
Barbara Nagy, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey examined the dietary habits of the Hungarian adult population. The aim of the study is to present the macroelement intake of the population. METHOD: The study represents the macrolement intake of the population with age 18 or over on the day of 31 December 2013, of those who are non-institutionalised. RESULTS: Salt intake decreased compared to the findings of the previous study in 2009 but it is still extremely high (15...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373320/erratum-for-chang-et-al-high-dietary-phosphorus-intake-is-associated-with-all-cause-mortality-results-from-nhanes-iii-am-j-clin-nutr-2014-99-320-7
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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