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High dietary Phosphorus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207797/mutation-increasing-%C3%AE-carotene-concentrations-does-not-adversely-affect-concentrations-of-essential-mineral-elements-in-pepper-fruit
#1
Nasya B Tomlekova, Philip J White, Jacqueline A Thompson, Emil A Penchev, Stephan Nielen
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are prevalent in human populations throughout the world. Vitamin A deficiency affects hundreds of millions of pre-school age children in low income countries. Fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) can be a major dietary source of precursors to Vitamin A biosynthesis, such as β-carotene. Recently, pepper breeding programs have introduced the orange-fruited (of) trait of the mutant variety Oranzheva kapiya, which is associated with high fruit β-carotene concentrations, to the mutant variety Albena...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194267/retinol-%C3%AE-tocopherol-and-selected-minerals-in-breast-milk-of-lactating-women-with-full-term-infants-in-south-korea
#2
Hyesook Kim, Byung-Mun Jung, Bum-Noh Lee, Yun-Je Kim, Ji A Jung, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to measure fat-soluble vitamins and minerals in breast milk of Korean lactating mothers who exclusively breastfed their babies. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Breast milk samples were collected from 334 mothers. Concentrations of retinol and α-tocopherol were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography ultraviolet spectrometry while concentrations of minerals were measured by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171726/overuse-of-phosphorus-fertilizer-reduces-the-grain-and-flour-protein-contents-and-zinc-bioavailability-of-winter-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#3
Wei Zhang, Dunyi Liu, Yumin Liu, Xinping Chen, Chunqin Zou
To supplement human dietary nutrition, it is necessary to evaluate the effects of phosphorus (P) fertilizer application on grain and flour protein contents and especially on the bioavailability of zinc (Zn). A field experiment of winter wheat with six P application rates (0, 25, 50, 100, 200, 400 kg/ha) was conducted from 2013 to 2015. The grain yield increased with P application but was not further enhanced when P rates exceeded 50 kg/ha. As P application increased, the protein concentration in grain and standard flour and the viscosity of standard flour decreased...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168180/association-between-nutrient-intake-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#4
Hee-Sook Lim, Eung-Jin Shin, Jeong-Won Yeom, Yoon-Hyung Park, Soon-Kyung Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference of nutritional status according to metabolic syndrome in colorectal cancer patients. The subjects were divided into 2 groups (metabolic syndrome group and normal group) according to the presence or absence of metabolic syndrome in 143 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and their lifestyle and nutritional status were analyzed. Recall method was used for the dietary survey, and metabolic syndrome was defined as the presence of 3 or more of waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and blood pressure...
January 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140633/effects-of-various-diets-on-the-calcium-and-phosphorus-composition-of-mealworms-tenebrio-molitor-larvae-and-superworms-zophobas-morio-larvae
#5
La'Toya V Latney, Barbara D Toddes, Nicole R Wyre, Dorothy C Brown, Kathryn E Michel, Johanna A Briscoe
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the nutritive quality of Tenebrio molitor larvae and Zophobas morio larvae, which are commonly cultured as live food sources, is influenced by 4 commercially available diets used as nutritional substrates; identify which diet best improved calcium content of larvae; and identify the feeding time interval that assured the highest calcium intake by larvae. ANIMALS 2,000 Zophobas morio larvae (ie, superworms) and 7,500 Tenebrio molitor larvae (ie, mealworms). PROCEDURES Larvae were placed in control and diet treatment groups for 2-, 7-, and 10-day intervals...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110703/plant-based-diets-relatively-low-in-bioavailable-phosphate-and-calcium-may-aid-prevention-and-control-of-prostate-cancer-by-lessening-production-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23
#6
Mark F McCarty
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a hormonal regulator of phosphate and vitamin D metabolism produced primarily in bone by osteocytes and mature osteoblasts, is now known to have growth factor activity for many prostate cancers. In some of these cancers, autocrine production of FGF23 drives their proliferation. FGF23 synthesized within bone likely promotes the expansion of prostate cancer bone metastases. Hence, dietary or lifestyle factors which boost bone's production of FGF23 may encourage the induction and spread of prostate cancer...
February 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007489/proposal-for-a-breakfast-quality-index-for-brazilian-population-rationale-and-application-in-the-brazilian-national-dietary-survey
#7
Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Michelle Alessandra de Castro, Sinead Hopkins, Carolyn Gugger, Regina Mara Fisberg, Mauro Fisberg
Breakfast has been related to positive nutrition and health outcomes, but criteria for an optimal composition of this meal are not well established. The aim of this study was to propose a breakfast quality index (BQI) for the Brazilian population, and to describe the relationship between breakfast quality, socio-demographic factors, dietary intake at breakfast and for the total day. BQI was constructed based on individual dietary data of 22,279 breakfast consumers, aged 20+ years from the Brazilian National Dietary Survey, a population-based cross-sectional study...
December 19, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935525/association-of-dietary-protein-and-dairy-intakes-and-change-in-renal-function-results-from-the-population-based-longitudinal-doetinchem-cohort-study
#8
Gerrie-Cor M Herber-Gast, Sander Biesbroek, Wm Monique Verschuren, Coen DA Stehouwer, Ron T Gansevoort, Stephan Jl Bakker, Annemieke Mw Spijkerman
BACKGROUND: Evidence has suggested that protein from dairy may be less detrimental to renal health than protein from nondairy products. However, to our knowledge, no previous studies have used cystatin C-based measures of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations of sources of protein and dairy with the change in the eGFR in persons with a normal or mildly decreased eGFR. DESIGN: We included 3798 participants, aged 26-65 y, from the Doetinchem Cohort study who were examined ≥3 times 5 y apart...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928636/effects-of-lanthanum-carbonate-and-calcium-carbonate-on-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-and-hepcidin-levels-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Yu-Ming Chang, Shih-Ching Tsai, Chih-Chung Shiao, Hung-Hsiang Liou, Chuan-Lan Yang, Nai-Yu Tung, Kua-Sui Hsu, I-Ling Chen, Mei-Chyn Liu, Jsun-Liang Kao, Rong-Na Jhen, Ya-Ting Huang
BACKGROUND: Phosphate binders have an impact on fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23); however, the effect of phosphate binders on serum hepcidin has not been explored. We conducted a 24-week multicenter randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of lanthanum carbonate or calcium carbonate monotherapy on serum phosphate, FGF23, and hepcidin levels in chronic hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Forty-six patients were recruited, and daily dietary phosphorus was controlled between 600-800 mg...
December 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903519/dairy-intake-and-fecundability-in-2-preconception-cohort-studies
#10
Lauren A Wise, Amelia K Wesselink, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Heidi Cueto, Kristen A Hahn, Kenneth J Rothman, Katherine L Tucker, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Elizabeth E Hatch
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have shown that a high intake of galactose, a breakdown product of lactose, increases ovarian toxicity. Few epidemiologic studies, to our knowledge, have examined the association between dairy intake and fertility, and they have had conflicting findings. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively evaluated dairy intake in relation to fecundability among women who were planning for pregnancy. DESIGN: Data were derived from preconception cohort studies in Denmark (Snart Foraeldre) and North America [PRESTO (Pregnancy Study Online)] in which women completed a validated food-frequency questionnaire 10 d after enrollment...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898869/effects-of-dietary-calcium-and-phosphorus-on-reproductive-performance-and-markers-of-bone-turnover-in-stall-or-group-housed-sows
#11
F P Y Tan, S A Kontulainen, A D Beaulieu
Increasing productivity and new housing standards necessitate a reevaluation of nutrient requirements for sows, including minerals. The objective of this study was to determine if the recommended levels of dietary Ca and P are adequate for sows housed in groups and that, therefore, have the potential for increased mobility. A total of 180 multiparous sows and gilts were assigned to 1 of 6 treatments. Treatments, arranged as a 3 × 2 factorial, included the main effects of dietary Ca:P-0.70:0.55% Ca:P (as-fed basis; control), 0...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881593/dairy-food-intake-is-associated-with-reproductive-hormones-and-sporadic-anovulation-among-healthy-premenopausal-women
#12
Keewan Kim, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Kara A Michels, Torie C Plowden, Ellen N Chaljub, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Sunni L Mumford
BACKGROUND: Dairy food intake has been associated with infertility; however, little is known with regard to associations with reproductive hormones or anovulation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether intakes of dairy foods and specific nutrients were associated with reproductive hormone concentrations across the cycle and the risk of sporadic anovulation among healthy women. METHODS: We prospectively measured serum reproductive hormones ≤8 times/menstrual cycle for 2 cycles from 259 regularly menstruating women (mean age: 27...
February 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868294/effect-of-dietary-calcium-level-and-source-on-mineral-utilisation-by-piglets-fed-diets-containing-exogenous-phytase
#13
P Schlegel, A Gutzwiller
Calcium and phosphorus are essential minerals, closely linked in digestive processes and metabolism. With widespread use of low P diets containing exogenous phytase, the optimal dietary Ca level was verified. The 40-day study evaluated the effects of Ca level (4, 7 and 10 g/kg diet) and Ca source (Ca from CaCO3 and from Lithothamnium calcareum) on mineral utilisation in 72 piglets (7.9 ± 1.0 kg BW) fed an exogenous phytase containing diet with 2.9 g digestible P/kg. Measured parameters were growth performance, stomach mineral solubility, bone breaking strength and urinary, serum and bone mineral concentration...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825941/consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-predicts-diet-quality-in-canada
#14
Jean-Claude Moubarac, M Batal, M L Louzada, E Martinez Steele, C A Monteiro
This study describes food consumption patterns in Canada according to the types of food processing using the Nova classification and investigates the association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and the nutrient profile of the diet. Dietary intakes of 33,694 individuals from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey aged 2 years and above were analyzed. Food and drinks were classified using Nova into unprocessed or minimally processed foods, processed culinary ingredients, processed foods and ultra-processed foods...
January 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818275/dietary-phosphorus-burden-increases-cariogenesis-independent-of-vitamin-d-uptake
#15
J Max Goodson, Ping Shi, Chrispinus H Mumena, Afrozul Haq, Mohammed S Razzaque
An association between excessive sugar consumption and dental decay, particularly in children, has been well-established. In this study we have analyzed whether consumption of phosphorus, an important ingredient of sugary drinks, has any association with the evolvement of dental decay. Food consumption, gingival redness and dental decay were evaluated in a total of 8,317 children with the mean age of 9.99+0.68 years with a strong gender bias (p<0.0005); boys being more affected than girls. Our results showed a significant association (p=0...
March 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772640/intensive-hemodialysis-mineral-and-bone-disorder-and-phosphate-binder-use
#16
Michael Copland, Paul Komenda, Eric D Weinhandl, Peter A McCullough, Jose A Morfin
Mineral and bone disorder is a common complication of end-stage renal disease. Notably, hyperphosphatemia likely promotes calcification of the myocardium, valves, and arteries. Hyperphosphatemia is associated with higher risk for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity along a gradient beginning at 5.0mg/dL. Among contemporary hemodialysis (HD) patients, mean serum phosphorus level is 5.2mg/dL, although 25% of patients have serum phosphorus levels of 5.5 to 6.9mg/dL; and 13%, >7.0mg/dL. Treatment of hyperphosphatemia is burdensome...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764841/main-nutrient-patterns-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study
#17
Aurélie Moskal, Heinz Freisling, Graham Byrnes, Nada Assi, Michael T Fahey, Mazda Jenab, Pietro Ferrari, Anne Tjønneland, Kristina En Petersen, Christina C Dahm, Camilla Plambeck Hansen, Aurélie Affret, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Claire Cadeau, Tilman Kühn, Verena Katzke, Khalid Iqbal, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Christina Bamia, Androniki Naska, Giovanna Masala, Maria Santucci de Magistris, Sabina Sieri, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, Petra H Peeters, Bas H Bueno-de-Mesquita, Dagrun Engeset, Idlir Licaj, Guri Skeie, Eva Ardanaz, Genevieve Buckland, José M Huerta Castaño, José R Quirós, Pilar Amiano, Elena Molina-Portillo, Anna Winkvist, Robin Myte, Ulrika Ericson, Emily Sonestedt, Aurora Perez-Cornago, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Inge Huybrechts, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Heather Ward, Marc J Gunter, Nadia Slimani
BACKGROUND: Much of the current literature on diet-colorectal cancer (CRC) associations focused on studies of single foods/nutrients, whereas less is known about nutrient patterns. We investigated the association between major nutrient patterns and CRC risk in participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. METHODS: Among 477 312 participants, intakes of 23 nutrients were estimated from validated dietary questionnaires...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759735/the-role-of-low-protein-diet-in-ameliorating-proteinuria-and-deferring-dialysis-initiation-what-is-old-and-what-is-new
#18
Mengjing Wang, Jason Chou, Yongen Chang, Wei L Lau, Uttam Reddy, Connie M Rhee, Jing Chen, Chuanming Hao, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
In the management of patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD), a low-protein diet usually refers to a diet with protein intake of 0.6 to 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight per day (g/kg/day) and should include at least 50% high-biologic-value protein. It may be supplemented with essential acids or nitrogen- free ketoanalogues if <0.6 g/kg/d. Low-protein diet can reduce proteinuria especially in non-diabetic CKD patients. In hypoalbuminemic patients it may lead to an increase in serum albumin level...
October 19, 2016: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755737/sensitivity-to-dietary-phosphorus-limitation-in-native-vs-invasive-lineages-of-a-new-zealand-freshwater-snail
#19
Maurine Neiman, Amy Krist
Why some species and lineages are more likely to be invasive than others is one of the most important unanswered questions in basic and applied biology. In particular, the relative contributions to the invasion process of factors like pre-adaptation to invasiveness in the native range, evolution post-colonization, and random vs. non-random sampling of colonist lineages remain unclear. We use a powerful common garden approach to address the potential for a role for sensitivity to nutrient limitation in determining the invasiveness of particular lineages of Potamopyrgus antipodarum, a New Zealand freshwater snail that has become globally invasive...
October 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752482/vitamin-d-deficiency-bone-turnover-markers-and-causative-factors-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Bagher Larijani, Arash Hossein-Nezhad, Elham Feizabad, Zhila Maghbooli, Hossein Adibi, Majid Ramezani, Eghbal Taheri
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional population-based study was conducted to elucidate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, bone turnover marker's variation and its influencing factors among adolescents of Tehran. METHODS: Totally 444 middle and high school (53.6 % in high school) students (both girls and boys) were recruited. A short food frequency questionnaire designed to estimate dietary calcium and vitamin D consumption. Serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone specific alkaline phosphates, 25 (OH) vitamin D, osteocalcin, cross-linked C-telopeptide (CTX), total protein, albumin and creatinine were determined...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
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