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Chronic lymphedema

Jung-Won Lim
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to (1) identify the occurrence of comorbidities among Chinese- and Korean-American breast cancer survivors (BCS), (2) examine whether health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores varied with the occurrence of specific comorbidities, and (3) investigate the mediating effect of comorbidities on the relationship between life stress and HRQOL. DESIGN: Data were drawn from the parent study, a cross-sectional study investigating HRQOL in 86 Chinese- and 71 Korean-American BCS in Southern California...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Frédéric Chamberland, Tristan Maurina, Séverine Degano-Valmary, Thierry Spicarolen, Loïc Chaigneau
Angiosarcomas are one of the rarest subtypes of sarcomas; those are malignant vascular tumors arising from vascular endothelial cells. Occurrence of intra-oral angiosarcoma is extremely rare (0.0077% of all cancers in Europe). We present here, to our knowledge, the first case of a 83-year-old man with gingival and both palatine tonsils localization of a grade-two angiosarcoma discovered after a two months history of a painful lesion followed by hematoma and spontaneous bleeding. Chemotherapy with paclitaxel and hemostatic radiotherapy were inefficient and he died seven months after the first symptoms...
September 5, 2016: Rare Tumors
Jeffrey Sisler, Genevieve Chaput, Jonathan Sussman, Emmanuel Ozokwelu
OBJECTIVE: To offer FPs a summary of evidence-based recommendations to guide their follow-up survivorship care of women treated for breast cancer. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE from 2000 to 2016 using the search words breast cancer, survivorship, follow-up care, aftercare, guidelines, and survivorship care plans, with a focus on review of recent guidelines published by national cancer organizations. Evidence ranges from level I to level III...
October 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Aileen Grace P Arriola, Laura A Taylor, Eseosa Asemota, Markus D Boos, David E Elder, Kristy L Weber, Robert G Micheletti, Paul J Zhang
Retiform hemangioendothelioma (RH) is a rare vascular neoplasm with a high rate of local recurrence and low metastatic potential. We describe an unusual case of RH in a 45-year-old patient with Milroy disease, with a prominent solid component diffusely involving a chronic lymphedematous leg. This case is consistent with the postulated relationship between lymphedema and vascular neoplasms developing as a result of local immune dysfunction, and highlights the need to closely monitor patients with Milroy disease for pathologic changes...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Florian S Frueh, Christina Körbel, Laura Gassert, Andreas Müller, Epameinondas Gousopoulos, Nicole Lindenblatt, Pietro Giovanoli, Matthias W Laschke, Michael D Menger
Secondary lymphedema is a common complication of cancer treatment characterized by chronic limb swelling with interstitial inflammation. The rodent hindlimb is a widely used model for the evaluation of novel lymphedema treatments. However, the assessment of limb volume in small animals is challenging. Recently, high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) imaging modalities have been introduced for rodent limb volumetry. In the present study we evaluated the validity of microcomputed tomography (μCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound in comparison to conventional measuring techniques...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
David Harker, Michael Jennings, Patrick McDonough, Melissa Mauskar, Stephanie Savory, Gregory A Hosler, Travis Vandergriff
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma is a malignancy of vascular endothelial cells which may arise secondarily as a complication of lymphedema, including chronic lymphedema of morbid obesity. Amplifications in MYC are frequently present in secondary angiosarcoma (arising in irradiated sites and chronic lymphedema) and less frequently in primary cutaneous angiosarcoma. OBJECTIVE: To describe the presence of MYC amplifications in two cases of cutaneous angiosarcoma secondary to chronic lymphedema of morbid obesity...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Janet Douglass, Patricia Graves, Susan Gordon
BACKGROUND: Measurements of tissue compressibility and extracellular fluid (ECF) are used to monitor progression of lymphedema, a chronic swelling of the subcutaneous tissue. Later stages of lymphedema are characterized by fibrotic induration in the subcutis and hyperkeratosis of the skin. Several devices are available to measure these changes, but previous reliability and validity studies have been conducted primarily on adult women with unilateral arm lymphedema using contralateral limbs as controls...
September 27, 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Elizabeth A Andraska, Danielle C Horne, Danielle N Campbell, Jonathan L Eliason, Thomas W Wakefield, Dawn M Coleman
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of chronic venous disease (CVD) is well documented in adults; clinical guidelines standardize diagnosis and treatment. There is a paucity of data published commenting on pediatric CVD exclusive of Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome (KTS) and post-thrombotic syndrome. METHODS: This study aimed to define patterns of pediatric venous disease. All venous reflux studies performed on patients <18 years of age between January 2012 and June 2014 were reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Robert Weiss
Treatment of chronic illness accounts for over 90 % of Medicare spending. Chronic lymphedema places over 3 million Americans at risk of recurrent cellulitis. Health insurers and legislators have taken an active role in fighting attempts to mandate the treatment of lymphedema for fear that provision of the physical therapy and compression materials would result in large and uncontrollable claim costs. The author knows of no open source of lymphedema treatment cost data based on population coverage or claims...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
Homaira Rahimi, Richard Bell, Echoe M Bouta, Ronald W Wood, Lianping Xing, Christopher T Ritchlin, Edward M Schwarz
UNLABELLED: Proliferation of draining lymphatic vessels coupled with dynamic changes in lymph node volume and flow are characteristic features in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Furthermore, impaired lymph egress from inflamed synovium is associated with joint flare in murine models of inflammatory-erosive arthritis. Unfortunately, advances towards a greater understanding of lymphatic changes in RA pathogenesis have been slow due to the absence of outcome measures to quantify lymphatic function in vivo...
2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Eileen Stillwaggon, Larry Sawers, Jonathan Rout, David Addiss, LeAnne Fox
Lymphatic filariasis afflicts 68 million people in 73 countries, including 17 million persons living with chronic lymphedema. The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis aims to stop new infections and to provide care for persons already affected, but morbidity management programs have been initiated in only 24 endemic countries. We examine the economic costs and benefits of alleviating chronic lymphedema and its effects through a simple limb-care program. For Khurda District, Odisha State, India, we estimated lifetime medical costs and earnings losses due to chronic lymphedema and acute dermatolymphangioadenitis (ADLA) with and without a community-based limb-care program...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Lars M Wagner, Nathalie Kremer, Michael J Gelfand, Susan E Sharp, Brian K Turpin, Rajaram Nagarajan, Gregory M Tiao, Joseph G Pressey, Julie Yin, Roshni Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Lymph node metastases are an important cause of treatment failure for pediatric and adolescent/young adult (AYA) sarcoma patients. Nodal sampling is recommended for certain sarcoma subtypes that have a predilection for lymphatic spread. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) may improve the diagnostic yield of nodal sampling, particularly when single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT-CT) is used to facilitate anatomic localization. Functional imaging with positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) is increasingly used for sarcoma staging and is a less invasive alternative to SLNB...
August 26, 2016: Cancer
Junpei Sasajima, Jiro Uehara, Takuma Goto, Shugo Fujibayashi, Kazuya Koizumi, Yusuke Mizukami, Akemi Ishida-Yamamoto, Mikihiro Fujiya, Toshikatsu Okumura
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic involvement of angiosarcoma is extremely rare. METHODS: We herein report a rare case of angiosarcoma associated with chronic lymphedema (Stewart-Treves syndrome) with pancreatic metastasis that was diagnosed using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)/fine needle aspiration (FNA). RESULTS: A 43-year-old woman with a history of radical hysterectomy with bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy and chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer 15 years prior noticed the presence of erythematous indurative plaques on her right femoral region, where chronic lymphedema had developed...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jie Deng, Barbara A Murphy
PURPOSE: Lymphedema is a frequent side effect from head and neck cancer and/or its treatment. As a chronic and progressive condition, it requires an individual's long-term involvement in self-care for management of lymphedema. This study aimed to report head and neck cancer patients' perceived lymphedema education, self-care practices, and suggestions related to self-care of head and neck lymphedema. METHODS: Twenty head and neck cancer patients who completed lymphedema therapy participated in semi-structured face-to-face interviews...
August 10, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Margaret L McNeely, Kristin L Campbell, Marc Webster, Urve Kuusk, Karen Tracey, John Mackey
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema is a prevalent long-term effect of breast cancer treatment that is associated with reduced quality of life. More recent observational data suggest that the addition of night-time compression to day-time use of a compression garment results in better long-term control of arm lymphedema. The primary objectives of the randomized controlled phase of the trial are to determine the efficacy of night-time compression on arm lymphedema volume maintenance and quality of life in breast cancer survivors who have completed intensive reduction treatment for their lymphedema...
2016: BMC Cancer
Shinsuke Akita, Rikiya Nakamura, Naohito Yamamoto, Hideki Tokumoto, Tatsuya Ishigaki, Yoshihisa Yamaji, Yoshitaro Sasahara, Yoshitaka Kubota, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Kaneshige Satoh
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity edema following surgical treatment for breast cancer does not always result in chronic breast cancer-related lymphedema. Changes in the findings of indocyanine green lymphography and upper extremity volume following breast cancer surgery were observed prospectively to understand the early changes in lymphatic function and to establish a new strategy for early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer-related lymphedema. METHODS: Lymphatic function for 196 consecutive breasts was examined using indocyanine green lymphography and bilateral upper extremity volume before surgery and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Z-Y Yu, D Sun, Y Luo, N-F Liu
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to explore the structural and functional characteristics of dermal lymphatic capillaries in patients with chronic lymphedema (LE), specifically focused on the mural cells that are associated with skin lymphatics. METHODS: Forty-four patients (30 primary LE and 14 secondary LE) and eight healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Genetic analysis of the forkhead box C2 (FOXC2) was performed in 18 patients with primary LE. Full-thickness skin was excised and immunohistologically stained for podoplanin and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA)...
July 25, 2016: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
Marilyn L Kwan, Song Yao, Valerie S Lee, Janise M Roh, Qianqian Zhu, Isaac J Ergas, Qian Liu, Yali Zhang, Susan E Kutner, Charles P Quesenberry, Christine B Ambrosone, Lawrence H Kushi
Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a serious chronic condition after breast cancer (BC) surgery and treatment. It is unclear if BCRL risk varies by race/ethnicity. In a multiethnic prospective cohort study of 2953 BC patients, we examined the association of self-reported BCRL status with self-reported race/ethnicity and estimated genetic ancestry. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by multivariable Cox proportional hazards models, with follow-up starting 6 months post-BC diagnosis...
August 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Sunkuk Kwon, Roger E Price
Secondary lymphedema is an acquired lymphatic disorder, which occurs because of damage to the lymphatic system from surgery and/or radiation therapy for cancer treatment. However, it remains unknown how post-nodal collecting lymphatic vessels (CLVs) draining to the surgical wound area change in response to lymphadenectomy. We investigated functional and architectural changes of inguinal-to-axillary internodal CLVs (ICLVs) in mice after a single axillary LN (ALN) dissection using near-infrared fluorescence imaging...
April 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Nicolas W Shammas, Mary F Knowles, W John Shammas, William Hauber, Gail A Shammas, Melissa J Green, Julie Dokas
BACKGROUND: The optimal technique to detect venous reflux requires a patient to be standing with weight on one leg while the other leg is scanned for superficial venous reflux (standing position [SP] technique). This represents a significant hardship for a subset of patients who are unable to stand and adequately maintain their balance. This study examines the predictability of identifying venous reflux using a reverse Trendelenburg 60° (RT-60) when compared with the SP in the great saphenous vein (GSV) and small saphenous vein (SSV)...
September 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
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