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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450212/fecal-microbiota-transplant-for-refractory-clostridium-difficile-infection-interrupts-25-year-history-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#1
Tiffany Wang, Colleen S Kraft, Michael H Woodworth, Tanvi Dhere, Molly E Eaton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449969/stigma-and-self-management-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-impact-of-chronic-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-after-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Jasmine Heath Hearn, Sen Selvarajah, Paul Kennedy, Julian Taylor
Study Design: Qualitative, phenomenological design. Objectives: Neurogenic bladder dysfunction and urinary tract infection (UTI) are common secondary consequences to neurological damage to the spinal cord. This study sought to establish the impact of chronic, recurrent UTIs on people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: Community sample, United Kingdom. Methods: Twelve participants with SCI, aged between 28 and 68 years, who had experienced at least three recurrent UTI events within the previous 12 months were recruited...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441752/bilateral-obstructive-uropathy-caused-by-congenital-bladder-diverticulum-presenting-as-hypertensive-retinopathy
#3
San Kim, Sang Hoo Park, Dong Yoon Kim, Seok Joong Yun, Ok Jun Lee, Heon Seok Han
A congenital bladder diverticulum (CBD) is caused by inherent muscular weakness instead of obstruction of the bladder outlet. The major clinical conditions are recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) and voiding dysfunction. This report describes a 15-year-old male adolescent who developed sudden visual disturbance resulting from hypertensive retinopathy. The cause of hypertension was bilateral obstructive uropathy caused by enlarged paraureteral bladder diverticula. After the non-functioning right kidney and ureter and the bilateral diverticula were removed, the left ureter was reimplanted in the bladder...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441108/is-vaginal-reflux-associated-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-female-children-under-the-age-of-36-months
#4
Yu Bin Kim, Chih Lung Tang, Ja Wook Koo
Purpose: To determine the relationship between vaginal reflux (VR) and urinary tract infection (UTI) in female children aged <36 months. Methods: A single center retrospective study was performed for 191 girls aged <36 months, with a diagnosis of febrile UTI, who underwent a voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) for assessment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) at Sanggye Paik Hospital. Fifty-one girls, who underwent VCUG for assessment of congenital hydronephrosis or renal pelvis dilatation, without a UTI, formed the control group...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425912/participant-experiences-of-clean-intermittent-self-catheterisation-urinary-tract-infections-and-antibiotic-use-on-the-antic-trial-a-qualitative-study
#5
Doreen McClurg, Kerry Walker, Rob Pickard, Paul Hilton, Holly Ainsworth, Kelly Leonard, Sheeba Suresh, Annette Nilsson, Nicola Gillespie
BACKGROUND: Recurrent urinary tract infections are a commonly reported problem in people who use clean intermittent self-catheterisation. Yet there is a lack of knowledge regarding both the impact on people's lives, the use of prophylactic anti-biotics and perceptions of patients on their use. AIMS: To explore the views and experiences of adults who use clean intermittent self-catheterisation for long-term bladder conditions, with a focus on urinary tract infection experience and prophylactic antibiotic use...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416289/multiple-bladder-diverticula-treated-with-robotic-approach-assisted-with-cystoscopy
#6
Diego Antonio Preciado-Estrella, Pascual Cortés-Raygoza, Jorge Gustavo Morales-Montor, Carlos Pacheco-Gahbler
A bladder diverticulum (BD) is a herniation of the bladder urothelium through the muscular bladder wall. As a result, BD presents as a thin walled bag, urine filled connected to bladder lumen through a neck or ostium. The clinical problem with bladder diverticula is their poorly empty during micturition which results in multiple lower urinary tract symptoms as well as recurrent urinary tract infections. Bladder diverticula can be grossly classified in two groups as follows: congenital or acquired with different age presentation and etiological factors in each one...
January 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414075/cost-effective-flow-through-nanohole-array-based-biosensing-platform-for-the-label-free-detection-of-uropathogenic-e-coli-in-real-time
#7
Juan Gomez-Cruz, Srijit Nair, Angel Manjarrez-Hernandez, Sandra Gavilanes-Parra, Gabriel Ascanio, Carlos Escobedo
Rapid, inexpensive and sensitive detection of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC), a common cause of ascending urinary tract infections (UTIs) including cystitis and pyelonephritis, is critical given the increasing number of cases and its recurrence worldwide. In this paper, we present a label-free nanoplasmonic sensing platform, built with off-the-shelf optical and electronic components, which can detect intact UPEC at concentrations lower than the physiological limit for UTI diagnosis, in real time. The sensing platform consists of a red LED light source, lens assembly, CMOS detector, Raspberry Pi interface in conjugation with a metallic flow-through nanohole array-based sensor...
January 31, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409967/community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-due-to-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-organisms-in-united-arab-emirates
#8
Nihar Ranjan Dash, Mohammad T Albataineh, Nawar Alhourani, Ammar Mohammad Khoudeir, Mohammed Ghanim, Mohammad Wasim, Ibrahim Mahmoud
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria is fast evolving with increasing global trend towards community-acquired infections. Limited information available about ESBLs therapy outcomes and control strategies, especially in the Middle Eastern countries. METHODS: We studied 399 ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from urinary tract infections (UTIs) occurred between 2014 and 2016 in University Hospital Sharjah...
January 30, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406048/paraganglioma-of-the-urinary-bladder-a-rare-cause-of-hypertension-and-urinary-tract-infections
#9
Gerard Chaaya, Jorge Morales, Analia Castiglioni, Noman Subhani, Abdo Asmar
Pheochromocytoma is a neoplasm, which develops from cells of the chromaffin tissues that are derived from the ectodermic neural system and mostly situated within the adrenal medulla. Approximately 15% of pheochromocytoma cases arise from extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue. Pheochromocytoma of the bladder is rare and accounts for less than 0.06% of all bladder neoplasms and less than 1% of all pheochromocytomas. We report a case of a young woman who presented with uncontrolled hypertension, recurrent urinary tract infections and micturition attacks and was found to have a metastatic bladder paraganglioma...
February 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398584/endoscopic-balloon-dilatation-in-primary-obstructive-megaureter-long-term-results
#10
I Casal Beloy, I Somoza Argibay, M García González, M A García Novoa, L M Míguez Fortes, T Dargallo Carbonell
BACKGROUND: Open neoureterocystostomy is the traditional surgical treatment for primary obstructive megaureter (POM). Endoscopic balloon dilation is a new minimally invasive alternative. It has been shown to be a safe and effective endoscopic procedure over short-term follow-up; however, few studies have shown its long-term efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results and complications of balloon dilation for the treatment of primary obstructive megaureter in infants...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389678/orally-administered-combination-of-hyaluronic-acid-chondroitin-sulfate-curcumin-and-quercetin-in-the-prevention-of-postcoital-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-analysis-of-98-women-in-reproductive-age-after-6-months-of-treatment
#11
Michele Carlo Schiavi, Maria Grazia Porpora, Flaminia Vena, Giovanni Prata, Valentina Sciuga, Ottavia D'Oria, Chiara Di Tucci, Delia Savone, Natalia Aleksa, Andrea Giannini, Maria Paola Nusiner, Marzio Angelo Zullo, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of orally administered combination of hyaluronic acid (HA), chondroitin sulfate (CS), curcumin, and quercetin for the prevention of postcoital recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in reproductive age women. METHODS: Ninety-eight consecutive patients in reproductive age affected by UTI were considered for the study. All 98 patients received a combination of HA, CS, curcumin, and quercetin two tablets per diem for the first month and one tablet every day for the next 5 months...
January 31, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382457/gentamicin-bladder-instillations-decrease-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infections-in-neurogenic-bladder-patients-on-intermittent-catheterization
#12
Lindsey Cox, Chang He, Jack Bevins, J Quentin Clemens, John T Stoffel, Anne P Cameron
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine if gentamicin bladder instillations reduce the rate of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) in neurogenic bladder (NGB) patients on intermittent self-catheterization (ISC) who have recurrent UTIs. Secondary aims were to examine the effects of intravesical gentamicin on the organism resistance patterns. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospective NGB database. Inclusion criteria were NGB patients performing ISC exclusively for bladder drainage with clinical data available for six months before and six months after initiating prophylactic intravesical gentamicin instillations...
September 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378794/purification-of-intracellular-bacterial-communities-during-experimental-urinary-tract-infection-reveals-an-abundant-and-viable-bacterial-reservoir
#13
Suhanya Duraiswamy, Jacqueline L Y Chee, Siyi Chen, Enjun Yang, Kristin Lees, Swaine L Chen
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a major infection of humans, particularly affecting women. Recurrent UTIs can cause significant discomfort and expose patients to high levels of antibiotic use, in turn contributing to the development of higher antibiotic resistance rates. Most UTIs are caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli , which are able to form intracellular collections (termed intracellular bacterial communities (IBCs)) within the epithelial cells lining the bladder lumen. IBCs are seen in both infected mice and humans and are a potential cause for recurrent UTI...
January 29, 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373965/empiric-antibiotic-therapy-in-urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-with-risk-factors-for-antibiotic-resistance-in-a-german-emergency-department
#14
Sebastian Bischoff, Thomas Walter, Marlis Gerigk, Matthias Ebert, Roger Vogelmann
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify clinical risk factors for antimicrobial resistances and multidrug resistance (MDR) in urinary tract infections (UTI) in an emergency department in order to improve empirical therapy. METHODS: UTI cases from an emergency department (ED) during January 2013 and June 2015 were analyzed. Differences between patients with and without resistances towards Ciprofloxacin, Piperacillin with Tazobactam (Pip/taz), Gentamicin, Cefuroxime, Cefpodoxime and Ceftazidime were analyzed with Fisher's exact tests...
January 26, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372285/comparison-of-inflammatory-urine-markers-in-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-and-overactive-bladder
#15
Akira Furuta, Tokunori Yamamoto, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Momokazu Gotoh, Shin Egawa, Naoki Yoshimura
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Chronic inflammatory conditions seem to be a shared characteristic in patients with interstitial cystitis (IC) and overactive bladder (OAB). Thus, we measured 40 inflammatory urine markers in IC patients with or without Hunner's lesions (HIC and NHIC respectively) and OAB patients. METHODS: Urine was collected from consecutive HIC patients, NHIC patients, and age and gender-matched OAB patients with no history of IC, recurrent urinary tract infection or bladder cancer...
January 25, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370318/shorter-versus-longer-courses-of-antibiotics-for-infection-in-hospitalized-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Stephanie Royer, Kimberley M DeMerle, Robert P Dickson, Hallie C Prescott
BACKGROUND: Infection is a leading cause of hospitalization with high morbidity and mortality, but there are limited data to guide the duration of antibiotic therapy. PURPOSE: Systematic review to compare outcomes of shorter versus longer antibiotic courses among hospitalized adults and adolescents. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and Embase databases, 1990-2017. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria were human randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in English comparing a prespecified short course of antibiotics to a longer course for treatment of infection in hospitalized adults and adolescents aged 12 years and older...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369839/american-urogynecologic-society-best-practice-statement-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-in-adult-women
#17
Linda Brubaker, Cassandra Carberry, Rahel Nardos, Charelle Carter-Brooks, Jerry L Lowder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355293/bladder-irrigation-with-chlorhexidine-reduces-bacteriuria-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Madeleine Wikström, Richard Levi, Wolfram Antepohl
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether bladder irrigation with chlorhexidine: (i) can reduce bacteriuria, and (ii) is a practically feasible option in subjects with spinal cord injury practicing intermittent self-catheterization. DESIGN: A prospective, non-controlled, open, multi-centre study. METHODS: Fifty patients with spinal cord injury, practicing intermittent self-catheterization, with a history of recurrent urinary tract infections were screened for bacteriuria at follow-up visits to 4 spinal cord injury centres in Sweden...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333509/rate-and-association-of-lower-urinary-tract-infection-with-recurrence-after-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor
#19
Byung Soo Kim, Bum Sik Tae, Ja Hyeon Ku, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Chang Wook Jeong
Purpose: To evaluate the rate of pyuria and bacteriuria after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated data obtained from 363 patients who underwent TURBT between October 2012 and December 2013 at Seoul National University Hospital. Urinalysis and urine culture were assessed at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Primary endpoint was the rate of bacteriuria (≥105/mL in a midstream) and pyuria (white blood cells ≥5/high-power field)...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326206/whole-genome-draft-sequences-of-nine-asymptomatic-escherichia-coli-bacteriuria-isolates-from-diabetic-patients
#20
Christoph Stork, Beáta Kovács, Eva Trost, Tamás Kovács, György Schneider, Barnabás Rózsai, Monika Kerényi, Levente Emődy, Ulrich Dobrindt
Escherichia coli can colonize the urinary bladder without causing a disease response in the host. This asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) can protect against recurrent symptomatic urinary tract infection by virulent bacteria. Here, we report the whole-genome sequences of nine E. coli ABU isolates from diabetic patients.
January 11, 2018: Genome Announcements
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