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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046404/cranberry-reduces-the-risk-of-urinary-tract-infection-recurrence-in-otherwise-healthy-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Zhuxuan Fu, DeAnn Liska, David Talan, Mei Chung
Background: Cranberry (Vaccinium spp.) has been advocated for treatment of urinary tract infection (UTI); however, its efficacy is controversial. Women have a 50% risk of UTI over their lifetime, and ∼20-30% experience a subsequent UTI recurrence.Objective: We conducted this meta-analysis to assess the effect of cranberry on the risk of UTI recurrence in otherwise healthy women.Methods: Literature published before January 2011 was obtained from 2 published systematic reviews, and we conducted updated searches in EMBASE and MEDLINE (through July 2017)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042390/effect-of-point-of-care-susceptibility-testing-in-general-practice-on-appropriate-prescription-of-antibiotics-for-patients-with-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infection-a-diagnostic-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Anne Holm, Gloria Cordoba, Tina Møller Sørensen, Lisbeth Rem Jessen, Niels Frimodt-Møller, Volkert Siersma, Lars Bjerrum
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of adding point-of-care (POC) susceptibility testing to POC culture on appropriate use of antibiotics as well as clinical and microbiological cure for patients with suspected uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) in general practice. DESIGN: Open, individually randomised controlled trial. SETTING: General practice. PARTICIPANTS: Women with suspected uncomplicated UTI, including elderly patients above 65, patients with recurrent UTI and patients with diabetes...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038902/-urinary-tract-infections-what-has-been-confirmed-in-therapy
#3
REVIEW
J Marcon, C G Stief, G Magistro
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect approximately 150 million people worldwide per year, causing annual health costs of over three billion dollars just in the USA. Every second woman experiences at least one UTI in her lifetime, with every one in four experiencing recurrence. Uncomplicated infections like single or recurrent cystitis and pyelonephritis can be distinguished from complicated disease. UTIs in men can spread to the male glands, causing prostatitis and epididymitis. Antibiotic therapy is the standard procedure for UTIs...
October 16, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038707/prevalence-of-idiopathic-hypercalciuria-in-children-with-urinary-system-related-symptoms-attending-a-pediatric-hospital-in-bandar-abbas-in-2014
#4
Maryam Esteghamati, Kambiz Ghasemi, Marie Nami
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic hypercalciuria is a group of diseases which can be manifested with urinary symptoms. Its importance is due to high prevalence, recurrent infections, and stone formations which are often asymptomatic. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of idiopathic hypercalciuria in children with urinary system related symptoms in Bandar Abbas in 2014. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done in 2014 in a children's hospital in Bandar Abbas (southern Iran) on 321 children who were between 2 months to 14 years old...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033364/-recurrent-cystisis-no-medicine-preventive-means
#5
J Armelle
OBJECTIVE: To estimate from the literature review, the interest of hygienic and behavioural measures and the use of food supplements (herbal) to prevent female urinary tract infection. METHODS: Pubmed research was focused on the efficiency of prophylactic measures in recurrent cystisis management. RESULTS: Due to many predisposing factors such as anatomical charasteristics, hydration and lifestyle, cystisis is more common in female subjects than in male...
October 12, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031032/the-frequency-and-clinical-implications-of-bacteriuria-in-chronically-paralyzed-dogs
#6
S R Baigi, S Vaden, N J Olby
BACKGROUND: Paralysis is a known risk factor for urinary tract infections (UTI), sepsis, and death in paralyzed people, but there are no data available on diagnostic criteria for UTI versus bacteriuria, their frequency, or clinical implications in chronically paralyzed dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: That chronically paralyzed dogs suffer frequent bacteriuria causing reduced duration of survival. We documented the frequency of bacteriuria, associated clinical signs, and survival rate in chronically paralyzed dogs...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026632/salmonella-oranienburg-haemorrhagic-cystitis-in-an-immunocompetent-young-male
#7
Jiasian Teh, Mark Quinlan, Damien Bolton
Introduction. Non-typhoidal salmonella (NTS) bacteriuria is extremely rare. Haemorrhagic cystitis is defined by urinary symptoms including haematuria, frequency, urgency and dysuria. Reports of haemorrhagic cystitis caused by NTS are exceptionally uncommon, especially in immunocompetent, young, male patients. Case presentation. A 27-year-old male with no past medical history presented to the Emergency Department with a 24 h history of visible haematuria having returned five days earlier from a five month trip across South America...
August 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026619/16s-rrna-deep-sequencing-identifies-actinotignum-schaalii-as-the-major-component-of-a-polymicrobial-intra-abdominal-infection-and-implicates-a-urinary-source
#8
Andrew Bryan, Lindsey M Kirkpatrick, John J Manaloor, Stephen J Salipante
Introduction. It can be difficult to catalogue the individual organisms comprising polymicrobial patient infections, both because conventional clinical microbiological culture does not facilitate the isolation and enumeration of all members of a complex microbial community, and because fastidious organisms may be mixed with organisms that grow rapidly in vitro. Empiric antimicrobial treatment is frequently employed based on the anatomical site and the suspected source of the infection, especially when an appropriately collected surgical specimen is not obtained...
May 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020210/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection-reduces-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-frequency
#9
Raseen Tariq, Darrell S Pardi, Pritish K Tosh, Randall C Walker, Raymund R Razonable, Sahil Khanna
Broad-spectrum antibiotics for recurrent multidrug-resistant urinary tract infections (UTIs) disrupt the gut microbiome and promote antibiotic resistance. Fecal microbiota transplantation led to resolution of recurrent Clostridium difficile, significantly decreased recurrent UTI frequency, and improved antibiotic susceptibility profile of UTI-causing organisms.
July 18, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016582/safety-and-efficacy-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-children
#10
Udaya Man Singh Dongol, Yugal Limbu
BACKGROUND: Renal stone disease is a common problem in children in developing countries. Its prevalence in children varies from 5% to 15%. It is suggested that anatomic abnormalities, recurrent urinary tract infections, metabolic disturbances, dietary and environmental factors are the predisposing factors.The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children. METHODS: Between May 2012 and Dec 2016, 25 children with renal stone diseases underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy and were evaluated for stone free rate, complications, blood transfusion rate, sandwich therapy, etc...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984254/yield-of-imaging-performed-as-per-indian-society-of-pediatric-nephrology-guidelines-in-children-with-urinary-tract-infection
#11
Rajiv Sinha, Devdeep Mukherjee, Jayati Sengupta, Subhasis Saha, Sushmita Banerjee
OBJECTIVE: To assess yield of imaging performed as per Indian Society of Pediatric Nephrology (ISPN) urinary tract infection (UTI) guideline. METHODS: Ultrasonography (USG), voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and dimercaptosuccinic-acid (DMSA) scintigraphy were performed in 183 children (age 0-5y) with first episode (age 0-1y) of UTI or recurrent (age <5y) UTI, as per ISPN recommendations. RESULTS: Significant abnormalities were detected in 110 (63%), with vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) grades 3-5 in 31% and renal scars in 43%...
September 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978905/early-progression-of-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-in-children-might-be-dependent-on-vimentin-expression
#12
Danuta Ostalska-Nowicka, Katarzyna Mackowiak-Lewandowicz, Aneta Konwerska, Jacek Zachwieja
BACKGROUND Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XP) is an extremely rare, severe, atypical form of chronic renal parenchymal inflammation accompanied by hydronephrosis and/or urolithiasis. The pathomechanism of XP is not yet fully understood. Microscopically, XP is indicated by the presence of multinucleated giant cells and lipid-laden macrophages, as well as inflammatory infiltration and intensive renal fibrosis. The lipid accumulation in kidney parenchyma may be secondary to the altered flow of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-derived cholesterol particles inside the affected cells...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978286/the-clinical-diagnosis-and-management-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
Lindsey Korbel, Marianella Howell, John David Spencer
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common and serious bacterial infections encountered by paediatricians and primary care physicians. Although the diagnosis and management of UTI appear simplistic, they remain among the most contentious issues in paediatrics. In part, UTI controversies stem from the absence of classic clinical symptoms, inappropriate urine specimen collection, modified urinary tract imaging recommendations, and diverse treatment and prevention strategies. Recently published guidelines and large clinical trials have attempted to clarify UTI diagnostic and management strategies...
October 5, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975420/diagnosis-and-management-of-bladder-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-with-urinary-tract-infections-a-position-statement-from-the-international-children-s-continence-society
#14
Stephen Yang, Michael E Chua, Stuart Bauer, Anne Wright, Per Brandström, Piet Hoebeke, Søren Rittig, Mario De Gennaro, Elizabeth Jackson, Eliane Fonseca, Anka Nieuwhof-Leppink, Paul Austin
BACKGROUND: We present a consensus view from the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) on the evaluation and management of bladder bowel dysfunction (BBD) in children with urinary tract infection (UTI). The statement aims to highlight the importance of BBD in the development and recurrence of childhood UTI and its management to reduce its associated morbidity and sequelae. METHODS: A systematic literature search was done on PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases until August 15, 2016...
October 3, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974905/recent-advances-in-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-from-pathogenesis-and-biomarkers-to-prevention
#15
REVIEW
Jia-Fong Jhang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
Recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) might be one of the most common problems in urological clinics. Recent research has revealed novel evidence about recurrent UTI and it should be considered a different disease from the first infection. The pathogenesis of recurrent UTI might include two mechanisms, bacterial factors and deficiencies in host defense. Bacterial survival in the urinary bladder after antibiotic treatment and progression to form intracellular bacterial communities might be the most important bacterial factors...
July 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971876/risk-factors-that-influence-the-empirical-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-pyelonephritis-a-cohort-study
#16
Pau Bosch-Nicolau, Vicenç Falcó, Belén Viñado, Antonia Andreu, Oscar Len, Benito Almirante, Carles Pigrau
Objectives. The aim of the current study is to compare community-acquired acute pyelonephritis (CA-APN) with healthcare-associated acute pyelonephritis (HCA-APN), describe outcomes and identify variables that could predict antimicrobial susceptibility.Methods. We conducted an observational study that included all consecutive episodes of acute pyelonephritis (APN) in adults during 2014 at a Spanish university-hospital. From each episode demographic data, co-morbidities, clinical presentation, microbiological data, antimicrobial therapy, and outcome were recorded...
October 2, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970593/occupations-and-the-risk-of-bladder-cancer-in-yazd-province-a-case-control-study
#17
Fatemeh Farzaneh, Amir Houshang Mehrparvar, Mohammad Hassan Lotfi
BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer is the most common cancer of the urinary tract, with known occupational causes. The most effective way to prevent occupational cancers of the urinary tract is to prevent exposure to known carcinogens. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between occupation and the risk of bladder cancer. METHODS: This case-control study was performed on 200 patients with bladder cancer and 200 healthy individuals in Yazd. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire and based on interviews with patients and controls...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969594/identification-of-compound-heterozygous-patients-with-primary-hyperoxaluria-type-1-clinical-evaluations-and-in-silico-investigations
#18
Houda Kanoun, Faiçal Jarraya, Bayen Maalej, Amina Lahiani, Hichem Mahfoudh, Fatma Makni, Jamil Hachicha, Faiza Fakhfakh
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder of glyoxylate metabolism in which excessive oxalates are formed by the liver and excreted by the kidneys. Calcium oxalate crystallizes in the urine, leading to urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis, and consequent renal failure if treatment is not initiated promptly. Mutations in the AGXT gene which encodes the hepatic peroxisomal enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase are responsible of PH1. In the present work, we aimed to analyze AGXT gene and in silico investigations performed in four patients with PH1 among two non consanguineous families...
October 2, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967964/effects-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-on-graft-and-patient-outcomes-after-kidney-transplantation
#19
Nicholas S Britt, Jennifer C Hagopian, Daniel C Brennan, April A Pottebaum, Carlos A Q Santos, Ara Gharabagi, Timothy A Horwedel
Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common following kidney transplantation (KT); however, the influence of recurrent post-KT UTI (R-UTI) is not well-characterized. Methods: We compared graft outcomes, patient outcomes and multidrug-resistance rates between patients with no UTI, nonrecurrent UTI (NR-UTI) (urine sample containing >105 bacterial colony-forming units/mL) and R-UTI (≥2 UTIs in any 6-month period or ≥3 UTIs in any 12-month period) post-KT in a retrospective cohort study (1999-2014) at Barnes-Jewish Hospital (St Louis, MO)...
October 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966756/preventive-kidney-stones-continue-medical-education
#20
REVIEW
Farahnak Assadi, Mastaneh Moghtaderi
Nephrolithiasis is a common health problem across the globe with a prevalence of 15%-20%. Idiopathic hypercalciuria is the most common cause of nephrolithiasis, and calcium oxalate stones are the most common type of stones in idiopathic hypercalciuric patients. Calcium phosphate stones are frequently associated with other diseases such as renal tubular acidosis type 1, urinary tract infections, and hyperparathyroidism. Compared with flat abdominal film and renal sonography, a noncontrast helical computed tomography scan of the abdomen is the diagnostic procedure of choice for detection of small and radiolucent kidney stones with sensitivity and specificity of nearly 100%...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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