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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728207/-female-urethral-diverticulum-with-calculus-formation-imitating-stress-incontinence
#1
Leonidas Karapanos, Daniel Porres, David Pfister, Ilgar Akbarov, Axel Heidenreich, Vahudin Zugor
A female urethral diverticulum (UD) is a rare condition with a prevalence of 0.6 - 4.7 %. Possible aetiologies include chronic infection of the periurethral glands, childbirth trauma, and iatrogenic lesions after urethral manipulation. The main symptoms are recurrent urinary tract infections, post-void dribbling and leakage of urine or purulent discharge by movement, which is caused by the emptying of the diverticular lumen (paradoxical incontinence). As this may imitate stress urinary incontinence, the final diagnosis is a challenge for urologists...
July 20, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723371/complications-of-transvaginal-mesh-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-stress-urinary-incontinence-tips-for-prevention-recognition-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Susan MacDonald, Ryan Terlecki, Elisabetta Costantini, Gopal Badlani
CONTEXT: Mesh-related complications following transvaginal management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and/or stress urinary incontinence (SUI) have received significant attention in the last decade. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify patient, product, and technical factors associated with an increased risk of complications after mesh-based transvaginal repair of anterior POP and SUI. In this review we clarify the different pattern of complications after POP and SUI repairs...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713087/clinical-factors-related-to-post-stroke-fatigue-within-the-first-3-month-after-acute-cerebrovascular-events
#3
Iryna I Delva, Mykhaylo Y Delva, Volodymyr A Poltorapavlov
INTRODUCTION: Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common stroke complication with long-term negative consequences. AIM: Assess the rates of certain PSF domains within first 3 months after different acute cerebrovascular events (ACE) and identify clinical factors associated with each PSF domain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were examined 285 patients (195 with ischemic strokes, 39 with hemorrhagic strokes and 51 with transient ischemic attacks (TIA)) consequently at hospital stay, in 1 month and in 3 months after ACE...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712197/ipsilateral-renal-agenesis-with-megaureter-blind-end-proximal-ureter-and-ureterocele-in-an-adult
#4
Ateeque Ahmed
We reporting unilateral renal agenesis with ipsilateral ureterocoele, mega ureter and blind end proximal ureter in same patient first time as case report and has not been so far reported in local or international literature. Ultrasound, CT scan and intravenous pyelography performed which confirm the case. Patient presented with left lumber and pelvic pain on and off and history of recurrent urinary tract infection.
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712168/justification-for-re-look-cystoscopy-after-posterior-urethral-valve-fulguration
#5
Gul Nawaz, Ijaz Hussain, Shujah Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Jamil, Asad Ur Rehman, Nadeem Iqbal, Saeed Akhter
BACKGROUND: Posterior urethral valve (PUV) is life-threatening congenital anomaly of the urinary tract that results in vesicoureteric reflux, recurrent UTI, voiding dysfunction and renal insufficiency if not treat timely. Endoscopic ablation of posterior urethral valves using cold knife or laser is the current gold standard therapy. Many urologists go for repeat cystoscopy to see residual valve or stricture while others repeat VCUG to measure the posterior to anterior urethral ratio for residual obstruction...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705292/a-case-of-ischemia-induced-perianal-ulceration-mimicking-pyoderma-gangrenosum
#6
Michael Joseph Lavery, Nicola Cooke
A 68-year-old woman, with a 75-pack-year smoking history and a history of chronic excess alcohol intake, presented with a 5-week history of worsening perianal pain and ulceration. She recently had an inpatient admission with back pain and urinary tract infection during which she developed diarrhea and fecal incontinence. Initially, the perianal ulceration was diagnosed as severe irritant contact dermatitis and treated with barrier creams and topical clobetasone 17-butyrate 0.05% weight for weight, oxytetracycline 3...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698733/chronic-renal-failure-secondary-to-unrecognized-neurogenic-bladder-in-a-child-with-myelodysplasia
#7
Shameem Ahmed, Siba Prosad Paul
Myelodysplasia includes a group of developmental anomalies resulting from defects that occur during neural tube closure. Urological morbidity in patients with myelodysplasia is significant and if not treated appropriately in a timely manner can potentially lead to progressive renal failure, requiring dialysis or transplantation. We report the case of a 13-year old girl with neurogenic bladder who presented chronic renal failure secondary to lipomyelomeningocele with retethering of cord. She was managed with urinary indwelling catheterization until optimization of renal function and then underwent detethering of cord with excision and repair of residual lipomeningomyelocele...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694079/distal-ureteral-diameter-ratio-is-predictive-of-breakthrough-febrile-urinary-tract-infection
#8
Angela M Arlen, Traci Leong, Paul J Guidos, Siobhan E Alexander, Christopher S Cooper
PURPOSE: Distal ureteral diameter ratio (UDR) is an objective measure that is prognostic of spontaneous vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) resolution. Along with likelihood of resolution, improved identification of children at risk for recurrent febrile urinary tract infections (fUTI) may impact management decisions. We evaluated the utility of UDR as a predictive factor for breakthrough fUTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with primary VUR and detailed voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) were identified...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689244/changes-in-management-of-poorly-compliant-bladder-in-botulinum-toxin-a-era
#9
REVIEW
Nachiketh Soodana Prakash, Diana M Lopategui, Christopher Gomez
Bladder compliance is a measure of distensibility. Maladies such as myelodysplasia, myelomeningocele, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis and obstructive uropathy are known to decrease bladder compliance. Decrease in bladder compliance is a characteristic of neurogenic bladders. The pathophysiology of bladder compliance is complex but ultimately leads to high pressure during filling and storage phases. These high pressures lead to renal impairment, incontinence, and recurrent urinary tract infections. This review presents management of poorly compliant bladders with onabotulinumtoxinA...
August 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686502/recurrent-yeast-infections-and-vulvodynia-can-we-believe-associations-based-on-self-reported-data
#10
Bernard L Harlow, Rachel E Caron, Samantha E Parker, Devavani Chatterjea, Matthew P Fox, Ruby H N Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: We determined whether self-reported new or recurrent yeast infections were a risk factor for and/or consequence of vulvodynia and then determined the extent to which various levels of misclassification of self-reported yeast infections influenced these results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study we retrospectively assessed self-reported new and recurrent yeast infections prior and subsequent to first vulvar pain onset among 216 clinically confirmed cases and during a similar time period for 224 general population controls...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681829/molecular-characterisation-of-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolates-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#11
Arindam Chakraborty, Prabha Adhikari, Shalini Shenoy, Vishwas Saralaya
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) express a multitude of virulence factors (VFs) to break the inertia of the mucosal barrier of the urinary tract. The aim of the present study was undertaken to characterised the UPEC strains and to correlate carriage of specific virulence markers with different phylogroups and also to correlate these findings with clinical outcome of patients. A total of 156 non-repeated, clinically significant UPEC isolates were studied. Virulent genes were determined by two set of multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681079/urinary-tract-infection-in-small-children-the-evolution-of-renal-damage-over-time
#12
Svante Swerkersson, Ulf Jodal, Rune Sixt, Eira Stokland, Sverker Hansson
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to analyze the evolution of kidney damage over time in small children with urinary tract infection (UTI) and factors associated with progression of renal damage. METHODS: From a cohort of 1003 children <2 years of age with first-time UTI, a retrospective analysis of 103 children was done. Children were selected because of renal damage at index (99m)Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy at least 3 months after UTI, and a late DMSA scan was performed after at least 2 years...
July 5, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673062/long-term-outcomes-of-augmentation-enterocystoplasty-in-patients-with-end-stage-bladder-diseases-a-single-institute-experience-involving-102-patients
#13
Shu-Yu Wu, Yuan-Hong Jiang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
PURPOSE: Augmentation enterocystoplasty (AE) has been shown to improve clinical symptoms in patients with end-stage bladder disease (ESBD). Herein, we report the long-term outcomes of a series of patients with different etiologies of ESBD who received AE. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 102 patients with ESBD who received AE at the Hualien Tzu Chi General Hospital from 1992 to 2014. ESBD in this study was defined as including neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) due to spinal cord injury (SCI) or myelomeningocele, inflammatory bladder disease (IBD), ESBD occurring after pelvic cancer surgery, and other etiologies...
June 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669586/long-term-outcomes-of-cutaneous-vesicostomy-in-patients-with-neuropathic-bladder-caused-by-spina-bifida
#14
M İrfan Dönmez, Alonso Carrasco, Amanda F Saltzman, Vijaya Vemulakonda, Duncan T Wilcox
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of patients who underwent cutaneous vesicostomy for management of neuropathic bladder secondary to spina bifida. We hypothesize that vesicostomy, in select patients, is beneficial to prevent upper urinary tract deterioration (UTD), reduce febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs), and preserve renal function. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective chart review on patients with spina bifida who underwent cutaneous vesicostomy at our institution between 2000 and 2016...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669487/-functional-and-aesthetic-evaluation-of-sacrococcygeal-teratomas-not-everything-ends-with-surgery
#15
Vanesa Villamil, Oscar Girón Vallejo, María Fernández-Ibieta, Ángela Sánchez Sánchez, Paulo Y Reyes Ríos, Irene Martínez Castaño, Javier Rojas-Ticona, Ramón Ruiz Pruneda, José I Ruiz Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: Sacrococcygeal teratoma is the most common solid neonatal tumour. The improvement in survival has meant that postoperative sequelae can be diagnosed and treated. The aim of this article is to evaluate the long-term outcomes of patients treated in our centre. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Records of patients treated for a sacrococcygeal teratoma in our hospital from 1977 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Personal data was collected and a telephone questionnaire was used to assess long-term bowel and urinary habits, as well as an aesthetic and functional self-assessment...
June 29, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660723/outcomes-of-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-associated-with-female-urethral-diverticula-a-selective-approach
#16
Alyssa Greiman, Lauren Rittenberg, Drew Freilich, Ross Rames, Ahmed El-Zawahry, Michelle Koski, Eric Rovner
AIMS: To assess surgical outcomes of concomitant treatment of SUI at time of transvaginal urethral diverticulectomy (TVUD) based on a selective approach. METHODS: Following Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval, we identified patients with a UD and SUI who underwent TVUD between July 2004 and January 2016. SUI was documented before and after surgery using subjective and objective parameters. Autologous pubovaginal slings (APVS) were used selectively based on surgeon and patient preference...
June 29, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657139/complications-following-the-insertion-of-two-synthetic-mid-urethral-slings-and-subsequent-removal
#17
Dominic Lee, Chasta Bacsu, Benjamin Dillon, Philippe E Zimmern
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes after removal of two synthetic mid-urethral slings (MUS) at a tertiary care center. METHODS: Following IRB approval, a retrospective chart review of non-neurogenic, symptomatic women requiring re-operation after ≥2 MUS was performed. Data reviewed by a third party included: demographics, prior anti-incontinence surgery, complications, pelvic/urinary symptoms, subsequent investigations, surgical repair and outcomes (including UDI-6/IIQ-7 questionnaires) at a minimum 6 months follow-up...
June 28, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652164/schistosoma-haematobium-a-delayed-cause-of-hematuria
#18
Wei Phin Tan, Thomas Hwang, Ji-Weon Park, Lev Elterman
A 22-year-old African-American man with recurrent episodes of gross hematuria for 6 months presented to the clinic for evaluation. A thorough history revealed that the patient emigrated from Mozambique to the United States 12 years ago. Urine culture was negative for a urinary tract infection. Cystoscopy revealed 4 lesions in the bladder. Biopsy of the bladder lesion revealed severe cystitis and Schistosoma Haematobium. The patient later confirmed that he used to swim in rivers and streams back in Africa. He completed a course of praziquantel and his gross hematuria resolved...
June 23, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652124/ureterocalicostomy-for-reconstruction-of-complicated-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-in-adults-long-term-outcome-factors-predicting-its-failure-in-contemporary-cohort
#19
Devarshi Srivastava, Sanjoy K Sureka, Priyank Yadav, Ankur Bansal, Shashikant Gupta, Rakesh Kapoor, M S Ansari, Aneesh Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Ureterocalicostomy (UC) is a well-established treatment option for patients with recurrent ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) with postoperative fibrosis and a relatively inaccessible renal pelvis. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcome of UC and factors predicting its failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data of 72 patients who underwent open or laparoscopic UC from 2000 to 2014. Variables that may affect the outcomes of UC were assessed with regard to primary pathology, age, serum creatinine, preoperative renal size (<15 cm and > 15 cm), renal cortical thickness (<5mm and >5 mm), grade of hydronephrosis and preoperative renal function (GFR < or >20 ml/min)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647576/robotic-assisted-excision-of-a-urachal-diverticulum
#20
Pamela Frazzini Padilla, Soo Kwon
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a combined robotic assisted laparoscopic technique with concomitant cystoscopy use for excision of a urachal diverticulum, to ensure complete resection of diverticulum and bladder cuff. DESIGN: Step-by-step demonstration and explanation of the procedure using video illustration. IRB/Ethics Committee ruled that approval was not required for this case report, however patient consent was obtained. SETTING: Vesicourachal diverticula account for approximately 3-5% of congenital urachal anomalies...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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