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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241191/evaluation-of-behavioral-and-susceptibility-patterns-in-premenopausal-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-a-case-control-study
#1
Saddam Al Demour, Mera A Ababneh
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are a major source of morbidity and healthcare costs. Risk factors associated with recurrence rates in premenopausal women can be attributed to patient lifestyle behavior. The aim of this study was to assess hygienic risk factors, determine pathogen distribution, and susceptibility patterns in premenopausal women with recurrent UTI. This was case-control study in which a face-to-face interview was conducted to obtain information from premenopausal women with recurrent UTI...
December 14, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228960/cross-sectional-survey-on-the-use-and-impact-of-the-danish-national-antibiotic-use-guidelines-for-companion-animal-practice
#2
Lisbeth Rem Jessen, Tina Møller Sørensen, Zenia Littau Lilja, Maja Kristensen, Tine Hald, Peter Damborg
BACKGROUND: The Danish antibiotic use guidelines for companion animal practice were published by the Danish Veterinary Association in 2012. Since then, national surveillance data indicate a 10% reduction in the total use of antibiotics for companion animals, particularly a marked reduction in the use of third generation cephalosporins. The aim of the study was to assess if and how the guidelines have impacted diagnostic and antibiotic prescription habits of the users, and to identify user perceived barriers to implementation...
December 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208204/durable-renal-response-after-combination-of-bortezomib-corticosteroids-rituximab-and-plasmapheresis-for-late-antibody-mediated-renal-transplant-rejection%C3%A2
#3
Yanli Ding, Jean Francis, Amitabh Gautam, Linda Pelletier, Vaishali Sanchorawala, Karen Quillen
Late occurrence of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), defined as occurring 6 months after transplantation, is associated with poor renal allograft survival, compared to early acute AMR and acute cellular rejection. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has multiple immunomodulatory effects on plasma cells, the source of donor-specific HLA antibodies which mediate AMR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who presented with biopsy-proven AMR and donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) at a single institution between July 2011 and February 2015 were included...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204238/crossed-fused-renal-ectopia-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Anna Mudoni, Francesco Caccetta, Maurizio Caroppo, Fernando Musio, Antonella Accogli, Maria Dolores Zacheo, Maria Domenica Burzo, Vitale Nuzzo
Crossed fused renal ectopia is a rare congenital anomaly, and is mostly detected incidentally. A 45-year-old man, during investigation for recurrent abdominal pain, was found to have an empty left renal fossa and right crossed renal ectopia with fusion on ultrasonography. In the present case, there were no abnormalities and/or alteration of the renal function. Abdominal tomography scan with contrast medium confirmed the diagnosis. Ectopic kidney is often associated with other abnormal situations such as agenesis, vascular malformation, incontinence, a palpable abdominal mass, urinary tract infection, high incidence of stone formation, and genital anomalies...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203188/congenital-segmental-megaureter-in-an-ectopic-kidney
#5
A Khanna, R S Mavuduru, G S Bora, S K Devana, A K Mandal
We describe the imaging findings of a 19 year female who presented with recurrent urinary tract infections and pain abdomen which was diagnosed to be due to a left sided focal segmental megaureter with a calculus. The highlights of the case are functioning moiety with no other associated anomalies like VUR, Duplex system etc.
December 1, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198997/a-reanalysis-of-the-rivur-trial-using-a-risk-classification-system
#6
Zhan Tao Wang, Elias Wehbi, Yasaman Alam, Antoine Khoury
PURPOSE: The RIVUR trial showed a 50% reduction in the risk for urinary tract infection (UTI) recurrence in children receiving continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP). We reanalyzed the RIVUR data with the purpose of using a risk classification system to identify children who are more likely to benefit from CAP. METHODS: Data from 607 children enrolled in the RIVUR trial were obtained from the NIDDK central repository and were analyzed. We stratified these children into low and high-risk categories...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198684/nephrogenic-adenoma-complicating-renal-transplantation-a-case-report-and-discussion
#7
D North, J Jaw, P Hill, S Bateman, N Barraclough, R Langham
Nephrogenic adenoma (NA) is a benign adenomatous lesion of the urinary tract. Long considered to be a rare phenomenon, case series from the renal transplant population suggest that it may be much more common within this group. Although NA is considered to be a lesion with low premalignant potential, hematuria, lower urinary tract symptoms, and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) are frequently observed in the context of NA. Furthermore, after resection of NA, lesion recurrence and persistent symptoms are frequently observed...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196069/impact-of-allergy-and-resistance-on-antibiotic-selection-for-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-older-women
#8
Rena D Malik, Yuefeng Rose Wu, Alana L Christie, Feras Alhalabi, Philippe E Zimmern
OBJECTIVES: To review the impact of antibiotic allergy and resistance in older women with recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs) as determinants for a suitable oral antibiotic treatment choice. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of women 65 years old and older with documented RUTIs (≥3 UTI/year) and trigonitis on cystoscopy was reviewed. Demographic data, known drug allergies, renal function, antibiotic susceptibility of most recent urine culture, allergy and/or resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), fluoroquinolones, and nitrofurantoin were obtained...
November 28, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184412/a-6-year-study-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infections-in-southern-china-prevalence-antibiotic-resistance-clinical-and-economic-outcomes
#9
Xiaoyan Li, Yunqin Chen, Weiguo Gao, Hao Ye, Zhongchao Shen, Zehuai Wen, Jia Wei
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common nosocomial infections. This study evaluated the prevalence, pathogens, antibiotic resistances, clinical outcomes, and hospitalization costs associated with complicated UTIs in southern China, and risk factors delaying patient discharge. We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records of 4,284 (61.4% women) complicated UTI-related hospitalizations from 2008 to 2013. Average patient age was 61.1 years and median hospital stay was 11 days. Pathogens were isolated from 1,071 urine and 148 blood specimens...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181550/intravesical-hyaluronic-acid-and-chondroitin-sulfate-for-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Jonathan Charles Goddard, Dick A W Janssen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to assess the efficacy of intravesical hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulfate (CS), alone or in combination, for recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs) in adult female patients using a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: English-language articles were obtained from the MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases through November 2016, by manual searching and cross-referencing. Randomized and nonrandomized trials of adult female patients with a documented history of RUTIs who received HA, CS or HA plus CS were included...
November 27, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176992/immunosenescence-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-relation-to-urinary-tract-infections-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
David Pavlicek, Jörg Krebs, Simona Capossela, Alessandro Bertolo, Britta Engelhardt, Jürgen Pannek, Jivko Stoyanov
Background: Individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI), despite specialized rehabilitation and good health care, have a reduced life expectancy. Infectious diseases, such as pneumonias, infected pressure sores and urinary tract infections (UTI) have been identified as the leading causes of mortality. We hypothesise that a premature onset of immune frailty occurs in SCI, possibly caused also by recurrent urinary tract infections.A cross sectional study was performed comparing blood and urine samples between able bodied controls (n = 84) and persons with spinal cord injury (n = 85)...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171130/first-experience-in-the-uk-of-treating-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-with-the-bacterial-vaccine-uromune-%C3%A2
#12
Bob Yang, Stephen Foley
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of Uromune(®) in preventing recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 77 women with microbiology-proven recurrent UTIs were given Uromune sublingual vaccine for a period of 3 months. Time to first UTI recurrence since treatment and adverse events were prospectively recorded in a follow-up period of up to 12 months. RESULTS: Of the 77 women, 75 completed the treatment...
November 23, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170359/non-antibiotic-options-for-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-women
#13
Jonathan Barclay, Rajan Veeratterapillay, Chris Harding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158999/recurrent-primary-suprahepatic-abscess-due-to-providencia-stuartii-a-rare-phenomenon
#14
Kyawzaw Lin, Aung Naing Lin, Sandar Linn, Madhavi Reddy, Anjali Bakshi
Gram-negative urease-producing bacilli, Providencia stuartii (P. stuartii), is reported in urinary tract infections, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia in humans but they rarely present with a hepatic abscess. We present a rare case of a recurrent suprahepatic cyst due to P. stuartii in a 45-year-old female, intravenous ( IV) heroin abuser with chronic hepatitis B and C. A 45-year-old female with 10 days status post right suprahepatic abscess drainage presented with recurrent, right, upper quadrant abdominal pain for one day...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154984/five-supernumerary-renal-arteries-originating-from-the-aorta-associated-with-ureteropelvic-junction-upj-extrinsic-compression
#15
Alexander K Chow, Leslie A Deane
A 65-year-old female presented with recurrent urinary tract infections. A computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis shows a dilated and malrotated right renal pelvis consistent with a ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction as well as multiple renal arteries arising from the aorta. A computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed five separate renal arteries originating from the aorta with a single renal artery crossing over and obstructing the right renal pelvis. On Lasix renogram, the affected kidney contributes 45% of total renal function...
November 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151282/epidemiology-and-impact-of-bloodstream-infections-among-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-retrospective-single-center-experience
#16
Ali M Shendi, Gabriel Wallis, Helena Painter, Mark Harber, Sophie Collier
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) represent an important source of morbidity and mortality, as well as an increasing therapeutic challenge, among solid organ transplant recipients. Understanding the epidemiological and microbiological characteristics of BSI following renal transplantation is paramount to the implementation of appropriate preventative and therapeutic measures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all BSI episodes occurring between July 2009 and April 2016 in adult patients, who received a renal transplant at Royal Free London hospital...
November 19, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150336/urinary-tract-infections-in-neonates-with-unexplained-pathological-indirect-hyperbilirubinemia-prevalence-and-significance
#17
Elif Bahat Ozdogan, Mehmet Mutlu, Secil Arslansoyu Camlar, Gülcin Bayramoglu, Sebnem Kader, Yakup Aslan
BACKGROUND: It is controversial to test for urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with unexplained indirect hyperbilirubinemia in the first 2 weeks of life. We aimed to study the prevalence and significance of UTIs in such neonates who were requiring phototherapy. METHODS: Subjects were 2- to 14-day-old neonates with indirect bilirubin levels above phototherapy limit with no other abnormality in their bilirubinaemia-related etiologic workup. UTI was diagnosed by 2 consecutive positive cultures obtained by catheterisation, documenting growth of >10,000 colonies of the same microorganism with consistent antibiograms...
October 28, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149266/association-between-prior-antibiotic-therapy-and-subsequent-risk-of-community-acquired-infections-a-systematic-review
#18
Umer Malik, David Armstrong, Mark Ashworth, Alex Dregan, Veline L'Esperance, Lucy McDonnell, Mariam Molokhia, Patrick White
Background: Antibiotic use can have negative unintended consequences including disruption of the human microbiota, which is thought to protect against pathogen overgrowth. We conducted a systematic review to assess whether there is an association between exposure to antibiotics and subsequent risk of community-acquired infections. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science for studies published before 30 June 2017, examining the association between antibiotic use and subsequent community-acquired infection...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141603/detect-i-detect-ii-a-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-observational-study-to-validate-the-uromark-assay-for-the-detection-of-bladder-cancer-from-urinary-cells
#19
Wei Shen Tan, Andrew Feber, Liqin Dong, Rachael Sarpong, Sheida Rezaee, Simon Rodney, Pramit Khetrapal, Patricia de Winter, Frelyn Ocampo, Rumana Jalil, Norman R Williams, Chris Brew-Graves, John D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Haematuria is a common finding in general practice which requires visual inspection of the bladder by cystoscopy as well as upper tract imaging. In addition, patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) often require surveillance cystoscopy as often as three monthly depending on disease risk. However, cystoscopy is an invasive procedure which is uncomfortable, requires hospital attendance and is associated with a risk of urinary tract infection. We have developed the UroMark assay, which can detect 150 methylation specific alteration specific to bladder cancer using DNA from urinary sediment cells...
November 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135809/definition-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-women-which-one-to-adopt
#20
Rena D Malik, Yuefeng Rose Wu, Philippe E Zimmern
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the various definitions of recurrent urinary tract infection (RUTI) recommended by experts and specialty societies cited in biomedical literature. METHODS: A systematic review of RUTI in women was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed between 1966 and 2016 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses Statement. Twenty-five publications were selected for inclusion in this analysis...
November 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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