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Symptom validity testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097614/comprehensive-and-medically-appropriate-food-support-is-associated-with-improved-hiv-and-diabetes-health
#1
Kartika Palar, Tessa Napoles, Lee L Hufstedler, Hilary Seligman, Fredrick M Hecht, Kimberly Madsen, Mark Ryle, Simon Pitchford, Edward A Frongillo, Sheri D Weiser
Food insecurity is associated with negative chronic health outcomes, yet few studies have examined how providing medically appropriate food assistance to food-insecure individuals may improve health outcomes in resource-rich settings. We evaluated a community-based food support intervention in the San Francisco Bay Area for people living with HIV and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential impact of the intervention on nutritional, mental health, disease management, healthcare utilization, and physical health outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093836/incremental-validity-of-weight-suppression-in-predicting-clinical-impairment-in-bulimic-syndromes
#2
Kelsey E Hagan, Kelsey E Clark, Kelsie T Forbush
Research has shown that weight suppression (WS; the difference between a person's highest and current body weight in pounds) is a robust predictor of weight gain and eating-disorder (ED) symptoms among individuals with bulimic syndromes. Given the important prognostic role that WS plays in ED course and outcome, we hypothesized that WS would represent a clinically useful indicator of impairment for bulimic syndromes. We further posited that WS would demonstrate incremental validity above-and-beyond other proposed indicators in explaining clinical impairment in bulimic syndromes...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093822/the-role-of-guilt-sensitivity-in-ocd-symptom-dimensions
#3
Gabriele Melli, Claudia Carraresi, Andrea Poli, Donatella Marazziti, Antonio Pinto
: Although some studies have found that guilt may precede, motivate, or be a consequence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the relationship between guilt and OCD has been under investigated. The studies that explored the role of trait guilt (guilt propensity) in OCD reported inconsistent findings and failed to support its predictive role. Since it has been suggested that OCD patients perceive guilt in a more threatening manner, it might also be relevant to test to what extent they negatively evaluate the experience of guilt (i...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092974/the-development-of-a-brief-version-of-the-posttraumatic-cognitions-inventory-ptci-9
#4
Stephanie Y Wells, Leslie A Morland, Elisa M Torres, Karen Kloezeman, Margaret-Anne Mackintosh, Gregory A Aarons
Negative posttraumatic cognitions lead to the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. There is a need for a brief measure to assess these cognitions. Participants were administered the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) and measures of mental health symptomatology. These data were used to develop a brief version of the PTCI (PTCI-9) in 223 male and female veterans, which was then examined in a sample of 117 female civilians. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated an acceptable fit in both samples...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090639/the-psychometric-validation-of-the-epds-k-among-korean-women-does-it-only-measure-depressive-symptoms
#5
Young-Sun Rhee, Jeong-Hwan Park, Hee-Jung Cha, Kye-Ha Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Korean (EPDS-K) and compare the specified models (one-, two-, three-factor model, and a model in the current study) in pregnant, first-trimester Korean women. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study consisted of two groups of 100 first-trimester Korean women recruited from maternity clinics in Korea. FINDINGS: The results show that the EPDS-K has depression, anxiety, and anhedonia factors, and that the validity of the EPDS-K with Korean women is questionable...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089264/development-and-validation-of-the-deep-brain-stimulation-impairment-scale-dbs-is
#6
Franziska Maier, Catharine J Lewis, Carsten Eggers, Andrea A Kühn, Henriette Krug, Jens Volkmann, Anna D Kirsch, Lars Wojtecki, Alfons Schnitzler, Günther Deuschl, Joachim K Krauss, Christiane Woopen, Lars Timmermann
BACKGROUND: Bilateral deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) has considerable influence on motor and non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). While improvements in motor functioning can be easily assessed with general quality of life questionnaires, the measurement of specific STN-DBS-associated impairments often remains insufficient. Hence, we aimed to develop a questionnaire that measures STN-DBS-related impairments. METHODS: The development of the (STN-)DBS Impairment Scale (DBS-IS) consisted of four steps...
January 6, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089135/phenotypic-continuum-between-autism-and-schizophrenia-evidence-from-the-movie-for-the-assessment-of-social-cognition-masc
#7
Gilles Martinez, Charlotte Alexandre, Célia Mam-Lam-Fook, Narjes Bendjemaa, Raphaël Gaillard, Patricia Garel, Isabel Dziobek, Isabelle Amado, Marie-Odile Krebs
Schizophrenic (SCZ) and autism (ASD) spectrum disorders share several features including social cognition impairments. In SCZ, the link between symptomatic dimensions and social cognition deficits remains unclear. The Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC) test, available in several languages including English, investigates mental state attribution capabilities in complex interpersonal situations. After its translation into French, we used MASC to direct compare social cognition in 36 young participants with SCZ to 19 with ASD and 20 healthy controls (HC) matched for gender, age (18-25y...
January 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088222/clinical-importance-of-personality-difficulties-diagnostically-sub-threshold-personality-disorders
#8
Max Karukivi, Tero Vahlberg, Kalle Horjamo, Minna Nevalainen, Jyrki Korkeila
BACKGROUND: Current categorical classification of personality disorders has been criticized for overlooking the dimensional nature of personality and that it may miss some sub-threshold personality disturbances of clinical significance. We aimed to evaluate the clinical importance of these conditions. For this, we used a simple four-level dimensional categorization based on the severity of personality disturbance. METHODS: The sample consisted of 352 patients admitted to mental health services...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#9
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087804/clinical-selection-strategies-to-identify-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-large-anterior-vessel-occlusion-results-from-sits-istr-safe-implementation-of-thrombolysis-in-stroke-international-stroke-thrombolysis-registry
#10
Jan F Scheitz, Azmil H Abdul-Rahim, Rachael L MacIsaac, Charith Cooray, Heidi Sucharew, Dawn Kleindorfer, Pooja Khatri, Joseph P Broderick, Heinrich J Audebert, Niaz Ahmed, Nils Wahlgren, Matthias Endres, Christian H Nolte, Kennedy R Lees
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) correlates with presence of large anterior vessel occlusion (LAVO). However, the application of the full NIHSS in the prehospital setting to select patients eligible for treatment with thrombectomy is limited. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of simple clinical selection strategies. METHODS: Data from the Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke International Stroke Thrombolysis Registry (January 2012-May 2014) were analyzed retrospectively...
January 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087270/examining-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms-within-the-management-of-schizophrenia-in-clinical-practice-mosaic-multisite-national-study
#11
Jack J Blanchard, Kristen R Bradshaw, Cristina P Garcia, Henry A Nasrallah, Philip D Harvey, Daniel Casey, Csilla T Csoboth, James I Hudson, Laura Julian, Ellen Lentz, Keith H Nuechterlein, Diana O Perkins, Tracey G Skale, Lonnie R Snowden, Rajiv Tandon, Cenk Tek, Dawn Velligan, Sophia Vinogradov, Cedric O'Gorman
The current study sought to expand on prior reports of the validity and reliability of the CAINS (CAINS) by examining its performance across diverse non-academic clinical settings as employed by raters not affiliated with the scale's developers and across a longer test-retest follow-up period. The properties of the CAINS were examined within the Management of Schizophrenia in Clinical Practice (MOSAIC) schizophrenia registry. A total of 501 participants with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis who were receiving usual care were recruited across 15 national Patient Assessment Centers and evaluated with the CAINS, other negative symptom measures, and assessments of functioning, quality of life and cognition...
January 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080105/cross-cultural-feigning-assessment-a-systematic-review-of-feigning-instruments-used-with-linguistically-ethnically-and-culturally-diverse-samples
#12
Alicia Nijdam-Jones, Barry Rosenfeld
The cross-cultural validity of feigning instruments and cut-scores is a critical concern for forensic mental health clinicians. This systematic review evaluated feigning classification accuracy and effect sizes across instruments and languages by summarizing 45 published peer-reviewed articles and unpublished doctoral dissertations conducted in Europe, Asia, and North America using linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples. The most common psychiatric symptom measures used with linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples included the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology, the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms Test, and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080104/measuring-black-men-s-police-based-discrimination-experiences-development-and-validation-of-the-police-and-law-enforcement-ple-scale
#13
Devin English, Lisa Bowleg, Ana Maria Del Río-González, Jeanne M Tschann, Robert P Agans, David J Malebranche
OBJECTIVES: Although social science research has examined police and law enforcement-perpetrated discrimination against Black men using policing statistics and implicit bias studies, there is little quantitative evidence detailing this phenomenon from the perspective of Black men. Consequently, there is a dearth of research detailing how Black men's perspectives on police and law enforcement-related stress predict negative physiological and psychological health outcomes. This study addresses these gaps with the qualitative development and quantitative test of the Police and Law Enforcement (PLE) Scale...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079846/patient-confidence-and-quality-of-life-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-sarcoidosis
#14
Jalpa Kotecha, Christopher Atkins, Andrew Wilson
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and sarcoidosis impact significantly on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). There are few studies on the impact of patient confidence on HRQOL in these conditions. OBJECTIVES: 1. To investigate whether patient confidence is associated with HRQOL, anxiety, depression, dyspnoea or fatigue. 2. To assess if patient confidence is associated with inpatient admissions, access to community healthcare and, for IPF patients, mortality and disease severity...
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079542/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-institutional-preoperative-nomogram-for-predicting-grade-of-dysplasia-in-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-ipmns-of-the-pancreas-a-report-from-the-pancreatic-surgery-consortium
#15
Marc A Attiyeh, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Mohammad Al Efishat, Anne A Eaton, Mithat Gönen, Ruqayyah Batts, Ilaria Pergolini, Neda Rezaee, Keith D Lillemoe, Cristina R Ferrone, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Matthew J Weiss, John L Cameron, Ralph H Hruban, Michael I D'Angelica, Ronald P DeMatteo, T Peter Kingham, William R Jarnagin, Christopher L Wolfgang, Peter J Allen
OBJECTIVE: Previous nomogram models for patients undergoing resection of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) have been relatively small single-institutional series. Our objective was to improve upon these studies by developing and independently validating a new model using a large multiinstitutional dataset. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: IPMNs represent the most common radiographically identifiable precursor lesions of pancreatic cancer. They are a heterogenous group of neoplasms in which more accurate markers of high-grade dysplasia or early invasive carcinoma could help avoid unnecessary surgery in 1 case and support potentially curative intervention (resection) in another...
September 20, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078966/visual-and-cross-modal-cues-increase-the-identification-of-overlapping-visual-stimuli-in-balint-s-syndrome
#16
Daniela D'Imperio, Michele Scandola, Valeria Gobbetto, Cristina Bulgarelli, Matteo Salgarello, Renato Avesani, Valentina Moro
INTRODUCTION: Cross-modal interactions improve the processing of external stimuli, particularly when an isolated sensory modality is impaired. When information from different modalities is integrated, object recognition is facilitated probably as a result of bottom-up and top-down processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential effects of cross-modal stimulation in a case of simultanagnosia. METHOD: We report a detailed analysis of clinical symptoms and an (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) brain positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) study of a patient affected by Balint's syndrome, a rare and invasive visual-spatial disorder following bilateral parieto-occipital lesions...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078640/development-of-the-pediatric-quality-of-life-inventory-neurofibromatosis-type-1-module-items-for-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-qualitative-methods
#17
Kavitha Nutakki, James W Varni, Sheila Steinbrenner, Claire B Draucker, Nancy L Swigonski
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is arguably one of the most important measures in evaluating effectiveness of clinical treatments. At present, there is no disease-specific outcome measure to assess the HRQOL of children, adolescents and young adults with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1). This study aimed to develop the items and support the content validity for the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) NF1 Module for children, adolescents and young adults. The iterative process included multiphase qualitative methods including a literature review, survey of expert opinions, semi-structured interviews, cognitive interviews and pilot testing...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076636/body-dysmorphic-symptoms-scale-for-patients-seeking-esthetic-surgery-cross-cultural-validation-study
#18
Tatiana Dalpasquale Ramos, Maria José Azevedo de Brito, Mônica Sarto Piccolo, Maria Fernanda Normanha da Silva Martins Rosella, Miguel Sabino, Lydia Masako Ferreira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after esthetic operations among individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-cultural validation study conducted in a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a public university hospital. METHODS: Between February 2014 and March 2015, 80 consecutive patients of both sexes seeking rhinoplasty were selected...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075197/validation-of-an-established-prognostic-score-after-re-irradiation-of-recurrent-glioma
#19
Kerstin A Kessel, Josefine Hesse, Christoph Straube, Claus Zimmer, Friederike Schmidt-Graf, Jürgen Schlegel, Bernhard Meyer, Stephanie E Combs
BACKGROUND: Re-irradiation (Re-RT) is offered widely in clinical routine, and has been established as a key element in the treatment of recurrent gliomas. At our center, generally re-resection is performed widely by an experienced neurosurgical team. Thus, Re-RT mostly offered to patients with macroscopic residuals or irresectable lesions, is applied later compared to other centers. Therefore, we sought to validate the Combs Prognostic Score developed in 2012 using our independent patient cohort...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074289/anamorelin-for-cancer-anorexia-cachexia-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Yu Bai, Yunxia Hu, Yanhua Zhao, Xizhong Yu, Junwei Xu, Zhiyun Hua, Zhiqiang Zhao
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of Anamorelin on patients with cancer anorexia-cachexia syndrome (CACS) based on a meta-analysis of published randomized trials. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. Data from each selected study were evaluated individually. All continuous outcomes were calculated by the mean difference or standardized mean difference with 95% confidence interval for each study...
January 10, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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