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Symptom validity testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914470/symptom-profiles-and-inflammatory-markers-in-moderate-to-severe-copd
#1
Huong Q Nguyen, Jerald R Herting, Kenneth C Pike, Sina A Gharib, Gustavo Matute-Bello, Soo Borson, Ruth Kohen, Sandra G Adams, Vincent S Fan
BACKGROUND: Physical and psychological symptoms are the hallmark of patients' subjective perception of their illness. The purpose of this analysis was to determine if patients with COPD have distinctive symptom profiles and to examine the association of symptom profiles with systemic biomarkers of inflammation. METHODS: We conducted latent class analyses of three physical (dyspnea, fatigue, and pain) and two psychological symptoms (depression and anxiety) in 302 patients with moderate to severe COPD using baseline data from a longitudinal observational study of depression in COPD...
December 3, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913961/prediction-of-postoperative-clinical-recovery-of-drop-foot-attributable-to-lumbar-degenerative-diseases-via-a-bayesian-network
#2
Shota Takenaka, Hiroyuki Aono
BACKGROUND: Drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases can impair activities of daily living. Therefore, predictors of recovery of this symptom have been investigated using univariate or/and multivariate analyses. However, the conclusions have been somewhat controversial. Bayesian network models, which are graphic and intuitive to the clinician, may facilitate understanding of the prognosis of drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To show a layered correlation among predictors of recovery from drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases; and (2) to develop support tools for clinical decisions to treat drop foot resulting from lumbar degenerative diseases...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912964/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-herbal-formula-buzhong-yiqi-tang-for-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
REVIEW
Yuanbin Chen, Johannah Linda Shergis, Lei Wu, Xuhua Yu, Qigang Zeng, Yinji Xu, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Changli Xue, Lin Lin
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Buzhong Yiqi Tang (BZYQT) for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Three electronic English databases (PubMed, EMBASE and CENTRAL) and four Chinese databases (CBM, CNKI, CQVIP and WFMO) were searched from their inceptions until 30th June 2016. Participants were diagnosed with COPD according to the Chinese Medical Association's COPD diagnosis and treatment guidelines or Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), and were in stable stage...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909882/lower-depression-scores-associated-with-greater-weight-loss-among-rural-black-women-in-a-behavioral-weight-loss-program
#4
Tiffany L Carson, Bradford E Jackson, Timiya S Nolan, Angela Williams, Monica L Baskin
Depression and stress have been associated with less weight loss among some participants in behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs. The purpose of this study was to (1) measure the levels of depression and stress among a sample of black women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi who were participating in a BWL program and (2) examine the association between these psychosocial variables and weight loss outcomes of participants at 6 months. Overweight and obese black women in a BWL program (n = 409) completed validated surveys to measure depression and stress at baseline and 6 months...
December 1, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909807/german-validation-of-the-bidq-s-questionnaire-on-body-image-disturbance-in-idiopathic-scoliosis
#5
Mark Wetterkamp, Meinald T Thielsch, Georg Gosheger, Patrick Boertz, Jan Henrik Terheyden, Tobias L Schulte
PURPOSE: The Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire-Scoliosis (BIDQ-S) is a seven-item questionnaire inquiring into patients' worries about back shape and associated problems at school, at work, with friends or family, and whether the patients are avoiding certain activities. The aim of this study was to translate the BIDQ-S into German (G-BIDQ-S), test its reliability, and establish its convergent, divergent, concurrent, and discriminant validity. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 259 patients with idiopathic scoliosis (mean age 30...
December 1, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909125/ageing-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-male-gender-predict-poor-outcome-after-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture
#6
E Domeij- Arverud, P Anundsson, E Hardell, G Barreng, G Edman, A Latifi, F Labruto, P W Ackermann
AIMS: Patients with an acute Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) take a long time to heal, have a high incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and widely variable functional outcomes. This variation in outcome may be explained by a lack of knowledge of adverse factors, and a subsequent shortage of appropriate interventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 111 patients (95 men, 16 women; mean age 40.3, standard deviation 8.4) with an acute total ATR were prospectively assessed...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906015/validation-of-a-self-reported-hiv-symptoms-list-the-iss-hiv-symptoms-scale
#7
Raffaella Bucciardini, Katherina Pugliese, Daniela Francisci, Andrea Costantini, Elisabetta Schiaroli, Miriam Cognigni, Chiara Tontini, Stefano Lucattini, Luca Fucili, Massimiliano Di Gregorio, Marco Mirra, Vincenzo Fragola, Sara Pompili, Rita Murri, Stefano Vella
BACKGROUND: To describe the development and the psychometric properties of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità-HIV symptoms scale (lSS-HIV symptoms scale). METHODS: The ISS-HIV symptom scale was developed by an Italian working team including researchers, physicians and people living with HIV. The development process went through the following steps: (1) review of HIV/AIDS literature; (2) focus group; (3) pre-test analysis; (4) scale validation. RESULTS: The 22 symptoms of HIV-ISS symptoms scale were clustered in five factors: pain/general discomfort (7 items); depression/anxiety (4 items); emotional reaction/psychological distress (5 items); gastrointestinal discomfort (4 items); sexual discomfort (2 items)...
April 9, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905646/-responsiveness-of-the-chilean-version-of-the-international-consultation-on-incontinence-questionnaire-short-form-iciq-sf
#8
Maritza Busquets, Cinthya Urquidi, Emiliano Pertossi
BACKGROUND: A symptom questionnaire must be able to detect minimal changes after treatment to be clinically useful. AIM: To evaluate the responsiveness of the Spanish-Chilean version of the ICIQ-SF questionnaire after medical and surgical procedures for the treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) in women consulting at a public Chilean Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of 124 women aged 59 ± 10 years who were treated for UI and in whom ICIQ-SF questionnaire was applied in two opportunities (before and after medical or surgical treatment), was analyzed...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903334/applying-an-evidence-based-assessment-model-to-identify-students-at-risk-for-perceived-academic-problems-following-concussion
#9
Danielle M Ransom, Alison R Burns, Eric A Youngstrom, Christopher G Vaughan, Maegan D Sady, Gerard A Gioia
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the utility of an evidence-based assessment (EBA) model to establish a multimodal set of tools for identifying students at risk for perceived post-injury academic problems. METHODS: Participants included 142 students diagnosed with concussion (age: M=14.95; SD=1.80; 59% male), evaluated within 4 weeks of injury (median=16 days). Demographics, pre-injury history, self- and parent-report measures assessing symptom severity and executive functions, and cognitive test performance were examined as predictors of self-reported post-injury academic problems...
November 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903242/reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-early-dementia-questionnaire-edq
#10
Zurraini Arabi, Syed Alwi Syed Abdul Rahman, Helmy Hazmi, Nazeefah Hamdin
BACKGROUND: Early Dementia Questionnaire (EDQ) was developed as a screening tool to detect patients with early dementia in primary care. It was developed based on 20 symptoms of dementia. From a preliminary study, EDQ had been shown to be a promising alternative for screening of early dementia. This study was done to further test on EDQ's reliability and validity. METHODS: Using a systematic random sampling, 200 elderly patients attending primary health care centers in Kuching, Sarawak had consented to participate in the study and were administered the EDQ...
November 30, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901212/validation-of-the-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-premenstrual-symptoms-screening-tool-psst-and-association-of-psst-scores-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#11
Rachel de A Câmara, Cristiano A Köhler, Benicio N Frey, Thomas N Hyphantis, André F Carvalho
Objective: To develop and validate a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST), a questionnaire used for the screening of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and of the most severe form of PMS, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). The PSST also rates the impact of premenstrual symptoms on daily activities. Methods: A consecutive sample of 801 women aged ≥ 18 years completed the study protocol. The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and content validity of the Brazilian PSST were determined...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900744/-developing-and-verifying-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-electronic-menopausal-health-screen-system
#12
Pei-Shan Lee, Chyi-Long Lee, Chieh-Yu Liu, Wen-Chin Chen, Yen-Yen Yu, Lee-Ing Tsao
BACKGROUND: Menopausal women are in a transitional phase between health and sickness. Although the highest standards of menopausal care include clinical assessment and patient education on menopausal symptoms, current practices lack integrated care that aim to prevent chronic diseases for which menopause is a predisposing factor. PURPOSE: To integrate menopausal disturbances; to evaluate the risk factors for osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes; and to create a reliable and effective electronic menopausal health screen system (EMHSS)...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900643/first-use-of-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-measures-in-adults-with-neurofibromatosis
#13
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Eric Riklin, Vanessa L Merker, Monica R Sheridan, Justin T Jordan, Scott R Plotkin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
The patient reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS) provides clinicians and researchers access to reliable, validated measures of physical, mental, and social well-being. The use of PROMIS can facilitate comparisons among clinical subpopulations and with the U.S. general population. We report on the first study using PROMIS measures in patients with neurofibromatosis (NF). Eighty-six adult patients (mean age = 44; 55% female; 87% white; 50% NF1, 41% NF2 and 9% schwannomatosis) completed a battery of PROMIS computerized adaptive tests (CATs)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900546/validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-functional-assessment-of-anorexia-cachexia-therapy-faact-scale-for-measuring-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-with-cachexia
#14
Ting Zhou, Kaixiang Yang, Sudip Thapa, Qiang Fu, Yongsheng Jiang, Shiying Yu
PURPOSE: The assessment of quality of life (QOL) is an important part of cachexia management for cancer patients. Functional assessment of anorexia-cachexia therapy (FAACT), a specific QOL instrument for cachexia patients, has not been validated in Chinese population. The aim of this study was to validate the FAACT scale in Chinese cancer patients for its future use. METHODS: Eligible cancer patients were included in our study. Patients' demographic and clinical characteristics were collected from the electronic medical records...
November 29, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899312/exploratory-factor-analysis-of-nrg-oncology-s-university-of-washington-quality-of-life-questionnaire-rtog-modification
#15
Stephanie L Pugh, Gwen Wyatt, Raimond K W Wong, Stephen M Sagar, Bevan Yueh, Anurag K Singh, Min Yao, Phuc Felix Nguyen-Tan, Sue S Yom, Francis S Cardinale, Khalil Sultanem, D Ian Hodson, Greg A Krempl, Ariel Chavez, Alexander M Yeh, Deborah W Bruner
CONTEXT: The 15-item University of Washington Quality of Life questionnaire - Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) modification (UW-QOL-RTOG modification) has been used in several trials of head and neck cancer conducted by NRG Oncology such as RTOG 9709, RTOG 9901, RTOG 0244, and RTOG 0537. OBJECTIVES: This study is an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to establish validity and reliability of the instrument subscales. METHODS: EFA on the UW-QOL - RTOG modification was conducted using baseline data from NRG Oncology's RTOG 0537, a trial of acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in treating radiation-induced xerostomia...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899223/-test-d-%C3%A3-valuation-des-membres-sup%C3%A3-rieurs-des-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-%C3%A2-tempa-to-assess-upper-limb-activity-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Paula Ruiz de Freitas, Ana Elisa Lemos, Mariana Palla Santos, Stella Maris Michaelsen, Clynton Lourenço Corrêa, Alessandra Swarowsky
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and observational study. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Assess upper limb (UL) activity limitations using the "Test d'Evaluation des Membres Supérieurs Des Personnes Agées" (TEMPA) in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) and verify its clinimetrics properties. METHODS: The following were evaluated: internal consistency, interrater and test-retest reliability; concurrent validity; convergent validity; know group's validity; minimal detectable change, floor and ceiling effects, and the relationship between UL activity limitations and the presence of freezing of gait...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898153/postconcussive-symptom-overreporting-in-iraq-afghanistan-veterans-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Sarah M Jurick, Elizabeth W Twamley, Laura D Crocker, Chelsea C Hays, Henry J Orff, Shahrokh Golshan, Amy J Jak
A comprehensive evaluation, including the assessment of neurobehavioral symptoms, has been instituted at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system to address the large number of Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) Veterans returning with mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs). The Validity-10 is measure of symptom overreporting embedded within the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory, a component of the comprehensive evaluation that assesses postconcussive symptom severity...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895442/translation-of-the-medical-fear-survey-to-serbian-psychometric-properties
#18
J Djokovic, B Milovanovic, J R Milovanovic, O Milovanovic, I Stojic, S Mrvic, M Kostic, S Stefanovic, S M Jankovic
BACKGROUND: Medical Fear Survey (MFS) is an instrument designed for measuring fear of medical and related treatments. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the present study was MFS translation into Serbian, measurement of its psychometric properties and MFS validation using other Blood-injury-injections and related stimuli instruments that have been translated from English into Serbian. METHOD: After obtaining permission from the author of the original MFS, double forward translation from English to Serbian and backward translation to English were conducted in ten steps, according to International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) guidelines...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894213/factor-solutions-of-the-social-phobia-scale-sps-and-the-social-interaction-anxiety-scale-sias-in-a-swedish-population
#19
Ewa Mörtberg, Lena Reuterskiöld, Maria Tillfors, Tomas Furmark, Lars-Göran Öst
Culturally validated rating scales for social anxiety disorder (SAD) are of significant importance when screening for the disorder, as well as for evaluating treatment efficacy. This study examined construct validity and additional psychometric properties of two commonly used scales, the Social Phobia Scale and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, in a clinical SAD population (n = 180) and in a normal population (n = 614) in Sweden. Confirmatory factor analyses of previously reported factor solutions were tested but did not reveal acceptable fit...
November 29, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893485/peripheral-neuropathic-pain-a-mechanism-related-organizing-principle-based-on-sensory-profiles
#20
Ralf Baron, Christoph Maier, Nadine Attal, Andreas Binder, Didier Bouhassira, Giorgio Cruccu, Nanna B Finnerup, Maija Haanpää, Per Hansson, Philipp Hüllemann, Troels S Jensen, Rainer Freynhagen, Jeffrey D Kennedy, Walter Magerl, Tina Mainka, Maren Reimer, Andrew S C Rice, Märta Segerdahl, Jordi Serra, Sören Sindrup, Claudia Sommer, Thomas Tölle, Jan Vollert, Rolf-Detlef Treede
Patients with neuropathic pain are heterogeneous in etiology, pathophysiology and clinical appearance. They exhibit a variety of pain-related sensory symptoms and signs (sensory profile). Different sensory profiles might indicate different classes of neurobiological mechanisms and hence subgroups with different sensory profiles might respond differently to treatment.The aim of the investigation was to identify subgroups in a large sample of neuropathic pain patients using hypothesis-free statistical methods on the database of three large multi-national research networks (German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain (DFNS), IMI-Europain, Neuropain)...
November 3, 2016: Pain
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