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cancer related cognitive impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898512/cancer-related-cognitive-impairment-and-patients-ability-to-work-a-current-perspective
#1
Saskia F A Duijts, Allard J van der Beek, Ingrid G Boelhouwer, Sanne B Schagen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: About half of all cancer survivors are 65 years of age or younger and potentially part of the labor force. Increasing numbers of these survivors are able to return to work (RTW) or even continue working during treatment. Many factors are known to inhibit occupational reintegration of cancer survivors, and further affect job performance after RTW. However, the impact of cancer-related cognitive impairment on work-related outcomes in cancer survivors is not well understood...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893174/is-there-a-relationship-between-objectively-measured-cognitive-changes-in-patients-with-solid-tumours-undergoing-chemotherapy-treatment-and-their-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Marie-Rose Dwek, Lorna Rixon, Catherine Hurt, Alice Simon, Stanton Newman
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review examines whether there is a relationship between objective measures of chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment in patients with solid cancer tumours and health related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Multiple online databases were searched (including Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, CINAHL, PubMed and Web of Science) in order to identify articles published between 1980 and 2016 examining the extent of chemotherapy-related cognitive deficit and its relationship with HRQoL in cancer patients...
November 28, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890459/relationship-of-systemic-cytokine-concentrations-to-cognitive-function-over-two-years-in-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#3
Debra E Lyon, Ronald Cohen, Huaihou Chen, Debra L Kelly, Nancy L McCain, Angela Starkweather, Hyochol Ahn, Jamie Sturgill, Colleen K Jackson-Cook
: Cancer and its treatment are frequently associated with cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI). While CRCI has been associated with linked to chemotherapy, there is increasing evidence that the condition may start prior to treatment and for some, remain unresolved after active treatment and into survivorship. Although the pathophysiology of the condition is complex, alterations in systemic cytokines, signaling molecules activated in response to infection or injury that trigger inflammation, are a possible mechanism linked to cognitive dysfunction in breast cancer and other conditions...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874939/health-status-correlates-of-malnutrition-in-the-polish-elderly-population-results-of-the-polsenior-study
#4
R Krzyminska-Siemaszko, J Chudek, A Suwalska, M Lewandowicz, M Mossakowska, R Kroll-Balcerzak, B Wizner, S Tobis, K Mehr, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze health-related factors associated with poor nutritional status (PNS) of a representative group of Polish older people, based on data from the PolSenior project (the first nation-wide study of Polish senior citizens). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nutritional status was assessed in 3751 community-dwelling older people (1770 females, mean age: 77.4±8.0 years) using the Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form. Elements of comprehensive geriatric assessment (cognitive and mood screening), selected medical data were analyzed in relation to the nutritional status...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851909/systemic-cisplatin-exposure-during-infancy-and-adolescence-causes-impaired-cognitive-function-in-adulthood
#5
Tami John, Naomi Lomeli, Daniela A Bota
Cancer survivors diagnosed during infancy and adolescence may be at risk for chemotherapy-related cognitive impairments (CRCI), however the effects of pediatric chemotherapy treatment on adulthood cognitive function are not well understood. Impairments in memory, attention and executive function affect 15-50% of childhood leukemia survivors related to methotrexate exposure. Systemic cisplatin is used to treat a variety of childhood and adult cancers, yet the risk and extent of cognitive impairment due to platinum-based chemotherapy in pediatric patients is unknown...
November 13, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845768/selection-of-a-novel-aptamer-against-vitronectin-using-capillary-electrophoresis-and-next-generation-sequencing
#6
Christopher H Stuart, Kathryn R Riley, Olcay Boyacioglu, Denise M Herpai, Waldemar Debinski, Shadi Qasem, Frank C Marini, Christa L Colyer, William H Gmeiner
Breast cancer (BC) results in ~40,000 deaths each year in the United States and even among survivors treatment of the disease may have devastating consequences, including increased risk for heart disease and cognitive impairment resulting from the toxic effects of chemotherapy. Aptamer-mediated drug delivery can contribute to improved treatment outcomes through the selective delivery of chemotherapy to BC cells, provided suitable cancer-specific antigens can be identified. We report here the use of capillary electrophoresis in conjunction with next generation sequencing to develop the first vitronectin (VN) binding aptamer (VBA-01; Kd 405 nmol/l, the first aptamer to vitronectin (VN; Kd = 405 nmol/l) , a protein that plays an important role in wound healing and that is present at elevated levels in BC tissue and in the blood of BC patients relative to the corresponding nonmalignant tissues...
November 15, 2016: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830477/association-of-thyroid-hormone-concentrations-with-quality-of-life-of-primary-brain-tumor-patients-a-pilot-study
#7
Adomas Bunevicius, Edward R Laws, Vytenis Deltuva, Arimantas Tamasauskas
Reduced triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations were implicated in worse prognosis of brain tumor patients. In this study we investigated the association of normal and abnormal thyroid hormone concentrations with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with primary brain tumors. Sixty-three patients (67% women and a mean age of 55.5 ± 13.8 years) before brain tumor surgery were evaluated for: (1) HRQoL using the EORTC questionnaire for cancer patients (QLQ-C30) and the Brain Cancer-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-BN20); (2) functional status (Barthel Index); and (3) clinical disease severity...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816835/severe-fatigue-after-treatment-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-a-comparison-with-age-matched-breast-cancer-survivors-and-healthy-controls
#8
H J G Abrahams, L Smits, M de Lugt, W K de Roos, Y Kamm, M J Heins, C A H H V M Verhagen, M F M Gielissen, H Knoop
PURPOSE: Severe fatigue after treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has not been studied before. The current study examined (i) the prevalence of severe fatigue in DCIS patients versus breast cancer survivors (BCS) and healthy controls (HC), (ii) quality of life and functioning of severely versus non-severely fatigued DCIS patients and BCS, and (iii) the association of fatigue with psychosocial and behavioral factors in DCIS patients. METHODS: 89 patients treated for DCIS were matched on age and gender to 67 BCS and 178 HC (ratio 1:1:2)...
November 3, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812860/opioids-and-chronic-pain-where-is-the-balance
#9
REVIEW
Mellar P Davis, Zankhana Mehta
Chronic opioid therapy (defined as greater than 3 months on opioids) is a common practice for those with non-cancer pain, cancer survivors with treatment-related pain, and individuals with cancer undergoing disease-modifying therapy with a survival that can be for a year or more. Recent studies have found unique long-term toxicities with opioids which reduce the utility of opioid therapy in chronic pain. The risk of addiction, depression, central hypogonadism, sleep-disordered breathing, impaired wound healing, infections, cognitive impairment, falls, non-vertebral fractures, and mortality are increased in populations on long-term opioids...
December 2016: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803010/health-consequences-of-shift-work-and-insufficient-sleep
#10
REVIEW
Göran Kecklund, John Axelsson
This review summarises the literature on shift work and its relation to insufficient sleep, chronic diseases, and accidents. It is based on 38 meta-analyses and 24 systematic reviews, with additional narrative reviews and articles used for outlining possible mechanisms by which shift work may cause accidents and adverse health. Evidence shows that the effect of shift work on sleep mainly concerns acute sleep loss in connection with night shifts and early morning shifts. A link also exists between shift work and accidents, type 2 diabetes (relative risk range 1...
November 1, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789118/adverse-structural-and-functional-effects-of-marijuana-on-the-brain-evidence-reviewed
#11
REVIEW
David E Mandelbaum, Suzanne M de la Monte
The growing use and legalization of cannabis are leading to increased exposures across all age groups, including in adolescence. The touting of its medicinal values stems from anecdotal reports related to treatment of a broad range of illnesses including epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, muscle spasms, arthritis, obesity, cancer, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, post-traumatic stress, inflammatory bowel disease, and anxiety. However, it is essential that anecdotal data and the high level of interest in this treatment not obscure objective assessments of any potential and realized short- and long-term adverse effects of cannabis, particularly with respect to age of onset and chronicity of exposure...
September 13, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783938/vitamin-d-promotes-protein-homeostasis-and-longevity-via-the-stress-response-pathway-genes-skn-1-ire-1-and-xbp-1
#12
Karla A Mark, Kathleen J Dumas, Dipa Bhaumik, Birgit Schilling, Sonnet Davis, Tal Ronnen Oron, Dylan J Sorensen, Mark Lucanic, Rachel B Brem, Simon Melov, Arvind Ramanathan, Bradford W Gibson, Gordon J Lithgow
Vitamin D has multiple roles, including the regulation of bone and calcium homeostasis. Deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, the major circulating form of vitamin D, is associated with an increased risk of age-related chronic diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, cognitive impairment, and cancer. In this study, we utilized Caenorhabditis elegans to examine the mechanism by which vitamin D influences aging. We found that vitamin-D3-induced lifespan extension requires the stress response pathway genes skn-1, ire-1, and xbp-1...
October 25, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774839/differences-in-brain-glucose-metabolism-during-preparation-for-131-i-ablation-in-thyroid-cancer-patients-thyroid-hormone-withdrawal-versus-recombinant-human-thyrotropin
#13
Hyeonseok S Jeong, Eun Kyoung Choi, In-Uk Song, Yong-An Chung, Jong-Sik Park, Jin Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: In preparation for (131)I ablation, temporary withdrawal of thyroid hormone is commonly used in patients with thyroid cancer after total thyroidectomy. The current study aimed to investigate brain glucose metabolism and its relationships with mood or cognitive function in these patients using (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET). METHOD: A total of 40 consecutive adult patients with thyroid carcinoma who had undergone total thyroidectomy were recruited for this cross-sectional study...
November 28, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690377/central-nervous-system-injury-a-newly-observed-bystander-effect-of-radiation
#14
Caitlin Feiock, Masashi Yagi, Adam Maidman, Aaron Rendahl, Susanta Hui, Davis Seelig
The unintended side effects of cancer treatment are increasing recognized. Among these is a syndrome of long-term neurocognitive dysfunction called cancer/chemotherapy related cognitive impairment. To date, all studies examining the cognitive impact of cancer treatment have emphasized chemotherapy. Radiation-induced bystander effects have been described in cell culture and, to a limited extent, in rodent model systems. The purpose of this study was to examine, for the first time, the impact of non-brain directed radiation therapy on the brain in order to elucidate its potential relationship with cancer/chemotherapy related cognitive impairment...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686943/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-high-risk-low-grade-glioma-eortc-22033-26033-a-randomised-open-label-phase-3-intergroup-study
#15
Jaap C Reijneveld, Martin J B Taphoorn, Corneel Coens, Jacoline E C Bromberg, Warren P Mason, Khê Hoang-Xuan, Gail Ryan, Mohamed Ben Hassel, Roelien H Enting, Alba A Brandes, Antje Wick, Olivier Chinot, Michele Reni, Guy Kantor, Brian Thiessen, Martin Klein, Eugenie Verger, Christian Borchers, Peter Hau, Michael Back, Anja Smits, Vassilis Golfinopoulos, Thierry Gorlia, Andrew Bottomley, Roger Stupp, Brigitta G Baumert
BACKGROUND: Temozolomide chemotherapy versus radiotherapy in patients with a high-risk low-grade glioma has been shown to have no significant effect on progression-free survival. If these treatments have a different effect on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), it might affect the choice of therapy. We postulated that temozolomide compromises HRQOL and global cognitive functioning to a lesser extent than does radiotherapy. METHODS: We did a prospective, phase 3, randomised controlled trial at 78 medical centres and large hospitals in 19 countries...
September 26, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676049/hippocampal-dosimetry-predicts-for-cancer-related-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-treated-with-cranial-radiation-therapy-dosimetric-results-of-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#16
C Okoukoni, E McTyre, A M Peiffer, W Hinson, R E Strowd, S Rapp, M D Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668370/computer-based-cognitive-training-for-chemotherapy-related-cognitive-impairment-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#17
Jennifer Bail, Karen Meneses
BACKGROUND: Advancements in chemotherapy have greatly increased breast cancer survival, leading to an increased focus on the management of long-term effects of treatment. Chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment, one such long-term effect, is experienced by as many as 90% of breast cancer survivors (BCS) and negatively affects employment, daily function, and quality of life. Chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment is a top research and clinical practice priority. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to review computer-based cognitive training intervention studies tested in BCS, present implications for practice and directions for future research, and discuss neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve, the mechanisms by which computer-based cognitive training produces physiologic changes in the brain...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663186/anticholinergic-drug-burden-in-noncancer-versus-cancer-patients-near-the-end-of-life
#18
Michael J Hochman, Arif H Kamal, Steven P Wolf, Greg P Samsa, David C Currow, Amy P Abernethy, Thomas W LeBlanc
CONTEXT: Anticholinergic drugs can cause several side effects, impairing cognition and quality of life (QOL). Cancer patients are often exposed to increasing cumulative anticholinergic load (ACL) as they approach death, but this burden has not been examined in patients with nonmalignant diseases. OBJECTIVES: To determine ACL and its impact in noncancer versus cancer palliative care patients. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 244 subjects enrolled in a randomized controlled trial...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650011/cognitive-impairment-in-a-subset-of-breast-cancer-patients-following-systemic-therapy-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Sanne Menning, Michiel B de Ruiter, Jacobien M Kieffer, Joost Agelink van Rentergem, Dick J Veltman, Agnetha Fruijtier, Hester S A Oldenburg, Epie Boven, Suzan van der Meij, Vera Lustig, Monique E M Bos, Willem Boogerd, Liesbeth Reneman, Sanne B Schagen
CONTEXT: Studies indicate adverse effects of breast cancer (BC) and cancer treatment on cognitive function. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of systemic treatment on cognitive performance in BC patients. METHODS: Participants were BC patients scheduled to receive systemic treatment (BC+SYST; n=31), or no systemic treatment (BC; n=24) and no-cancer controls (NC; n=33). Neuropsychological examinations were used to study cognitive performance on 18 tests grouped into 8 cognitive domains, before adjuvant treatment (T1) and six months after chemotherapy (T2), or at similar intervals...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637965/neuroepidemiology-of-cancer-and-treatment-related-neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-adult-onset-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#20
P Jean-Pierre, B C McDonald
Cancer and treatment-related neurocognitive dysfunction (CRND) - impairments in aspects of cognition commonly including attention and memory, information-processing speed, and executive functioning - can negatively affect patients' and survivors' participation in routine activities of daily living and overall quality of life. CRND can be enduring, and varies in severity level. The epidemiology of CRND is not yet clearly established; reported incidence has ranged from 17% to 75% among patients and survivors of noncentral nervous system malignancies, including breast, prostate, cervical, and colorectal cancers...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
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