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Intersticial cells

Bruno Guedes Baldi, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho, Olívia Meira Dias, Edson Marchiori, Bruno Hochhegger
Diffuse cystic lung diseases are characterized by cysts in more than one lung lobe, the cysts originating from various mechanisms, including the expansion of the distal airspaces due to airway obstruction, necrosis of the airway walls, and parenchymal destruction. The progression of these diseases is variable. One essential tool in the evaluation of these diseases is HRCT, because it improves the characterization of pulmonary cysts (including their distribution, size, and length) and the evaluation of the regularity of the cyst wall, as well as the identification of associated pulmonary and extrapulmonary lesions...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Rafael Futoshi Mizutani, Mário Terra-Filho, Evelise Lima, Carolina Salim Gonçalves Freitas, Rodrigo Caruso Chate, Ronaldo Adib Kairalla, Regiani Carvalho-Oliveira, Ubiratan Paula Santos
Objective: To describe diagnostic and treatment aspects of hard metal lung disease (HMLD) and to review the current literature on the topic. Methods: This was a retrospective study based on the medical records of patients treated at the Occupational Respiratory Diseases Clinic of the Instituto do Coração, in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, between 2010 and 2013. Results: Of 320 patients treated during the study period, 5 (1.56%) were diagnosed with HMLD...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Rafael Coimbra Ferreira Beltrame, Maurício Friderichs, Bárbara Rayanne Fior, Pedro Guilherme Schaefer, Gustavo Gomes Thomé, Dirceu Reis da Silva, Elvino José Guardão Barros, Renato Seligman, Francisco Veríssimo Veronese
The IgG4-related disease has a wide clinical spectrum where multiple organs can be affected, and the diagnosis depends on typical histopathological findings and an elevated IgG4 expression in plasma cells in the affected tissue. We describe the clinical presentation and evolution of a patient with acute tubulointerstitial nephritis, severe kidney failure and systemic manifestations such as lymphadenomegaly and chronic pancreatitis. The diagnosis was confirmed by the clinical picture and kidney and lymph node histopathology, in which immunohistochemistry of the lymphoid tissue showed policlonality and increased expression of IgG4, with a IgG4/total IgG ratio > 80%...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
J Kolarík, J Drápela
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. Due to the presence of thyrosine kinase receptors within the tumor tissue, GIST is thought to originate from gastrointestinal pacemaker cells, the intersticial cells of Cajal. Tumors with the same morphological and imunohistochemical characteristics detected outside the gastrointestinal tract, are called extragastrointestinal stromal tumors (EGIST). Biological characteristics of these tumors is uncertain and the malignancy rates are difficult to predict...
April 2012: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Pablo Guzmán G, Oscar Tapia E, Miguel Villaseca H, Juan Araya O, Lilia Antonio P, Bolívar Lee O, Juan Roa S
INTRODUCTION: Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is an acute infectious disease characterized by sudden cardiorespiratory failure and high mortality, caused by a RNA virus of the genus Hantavirus, family Bunyaviridae, 15% of Chilean cases have been detected in the Araucania Region. OBJECTIVE: To determine in fatal cases of HCPS, clinical and morphological characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive-retrospective analysis of seven fatal cases with postmortem study of HCPS, attended between 1997 and 2009 at the Hospital of Temuco, Chile...
October 2010: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Carlos Ichiyanagui Rodriguez, Oscar Frisancho, Alejandro Yábar
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) are lesions which origin from Intersticial Cells of Cajal that may be asymptomatic or cause complications like digestive bleeding or malignant transformation. AIM: To determine the clinical, endoscopic and histological profile, as well as the main demographic features of patients with GIST in Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati (Lima-Perú) from January 2002 to December 2004. METHODS: Descriptive, transversal and retrospective study in which we reviewed clinical and anatomopathological archives from 34 patients with GIST during the above mentioned period...
July 2010: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Lisandro F Lopes, Carlos E Bacchi
Gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs are believed to originate from intersticial cells of Cajal (the pacemaker cells of the gastrointestinal tract) or related stem cells, and are characterized by KIT or platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) activating mutations. The use of imatinib has revolutionized the management of GIST and altered its natural history, substantially improving survival time and delaying disease progression in many patients...
January 2010: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Jayter Silva Paula, Eduardo Soares Maia Vieira de Souza, Mariana Bellini Oliveira, Maria de Lourdes Veronese Rodrigues, Sérgio Britto Garcia
PURPOSE: Interstitial cells of Cajal were identified in the gastrointestinal tract of several species, with close relation to the enteric nervous system. Since it was recognized that interstitial cells of Cajal express the gene product of c-kit, we performed immunohistochemistry for c-kit protein in ciliary muscle specimens of monkeys' eyes. METHODS: Eight eyes from four adult male new world monkeys (Cebus apella) were studied. After blocking endogenous peroxidase activity and nonspecific protein binding, 1:100 dilution of mouse monoclonal antibody against c-kit human oncoprotein was applied to tissues...
January 2009: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Ergio H C Schalch, Flávio R de Moraes, Julieta R E de Moraes
This work described the lesions caused in different species of fish by gill parasites from fee-fishing at Guariba, State of São Paulo. The research was developed from april, 1997 to march to 1999, seeking to verified the kind tissues lesions from fish. Of these, forty and seven were Leporinus macrocephalus and fifty and five Piaractus mesopotamicus. About 87.2% of the L. macrocephalus, and 58.1% of the P. mesopotamicus were sponged by several species of parasites. The parasite most abundant in L. macrocephalus was Piscinoodinium pillulare, while monogenean, Trichodina sp and myxosporidian infected P...
July 2006: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
L Chrobák, J Voglová
Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome is a heterogenous group of hematological disorders characterized by eosinophilia (> 1.5 x 10(9)/l) persistent for more than 6 months, exclusion of reactive eosinophilia from other causes, such as parasitic infections or allergy, and evidence of end-organ damage. According to World Health Organization the exclusion includes all neoplastic disorders in which eosinophils are part of the neoplastic clone. Excluded should be also T cell population with aberant phenotype and abnormal cytokine production, recently considert also as "lymphocytic" variants of the HES [42]...
December 2005: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
P Slampa, G Kost'áková, L Hynková, J Růzicková, H Horová, B Jezková
No explicit recommendation has been determined in a treatment for the verified squamous cell penis carcinoma till now. The application of ionizing radiation is included in traditional treatment methods for this disease, in addition to surgical operations and chemotherapy cure. It is possible to apply external radiotherapy or brachy-radiotherapy (a moulage or an intersticial application) as well as their combination. In individual cases it is possible to use chemo-radiotherapy. In the case of the localized tumor a curative radiotherapy can be used as it is more save towards this organ...
2004: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Rafael Fávaro Arruda, Cristina Muccioli, Rubens Belfort
BACKGROUND: To determine the frequency of the ophthalmological findings in Human Immunodeficience Virus (HIV) infected patients in the post-HAART (Highly Active Anti-retroviral Therapy) era and to compare it to data from the Federal University of São Paulo in the pre-HAART era10,11. METHODS: Charts from 200 consecutive patients examined from May 2000 to February 2001 were reviewed. RESULTS: From the total of 200 patients, 84 (42%) presented ophthalmological findings related to HIV infection in the first ocular examination: 36 (18%) with Cytomegalovirus retinitis (9 active and 27 inactive), 22 (11%) with ocular toxoplasmosis, (9 active and 13 inactive), 15 (7...
April 2004: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Jorge E Toblli, Margarita Angerosa, Inés Stella, León Ferder, Felipe Inserra
A number of studies have demonstrated that the urinary ion activity product (IAP) of calcium oxalate (CaOx), as an index of urinary CaOx supersaturation (SS), is higher in renal stone formers than in normal subjects. Besides, the relation between CaOx SS and lithogenesis, crystal CaOx exposition can produce tubular cell as well as renal interstitial lesions. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possible relationship between CaOx SS and tubulointerstitial (TI) damage in an animal model of hyperoxaluria. During four weeks, male Sprague-Dawley rats received: G1 (n = 8) control regular water, and G2 (n = 8) 1% ethylene glycol (ETG) (precursor for oxalates) in drinking water...
2003: Medicina
Sukrija Zvizdić, Tarik Bajrović, Edina Beslagić, Sandra Puvacić, Ramiz Velić, Jasminka Maglajlia, Sadeta Hamzić, Elvedina Kapić, Amra Zvizdić
Q-Fever is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetti. C. burnetti is an obligate intracellular parasite. It lives in phagolysosome of the host cell. By its infection of the sensitive persons develops the acute noncharacteristic disease, which passes noncharacteristically, with the appearance of higher temperature, headache, fever, weakness of the organism or by the appearance of symptoms of the undifferentiated infection of the upper parties of the respiratory system. In the course of the infection is being developed the intersticial pneumonia, what is the reason of the infected hospitalization...
2002: Medicinski Arhiv
V P Conte
Recent improvements on the therapeutical management of hepatocellular carcinoma are revised with special attention to evaluate the role of surgery for the disease. Considering that definitive surgical intervention is not feasible in most cases because of extreme tumor extension, multiplicity of tumor foci, and associated advanced liver cirrhosis at the time of diagnosis, others forms of treatment are listed, such as transcatheterarterial chemoembolization, percutaneous ethanol and acetic acid injections, and chemotherapy only to a small portion of patients with no indication for standard treatments...
April 2000: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
H C Mendoza Ramón, C Ortíz Hidalgo
Difusse uterine myohipertrophy (DUMH) is a condition characterized by the presence of homogeneous and diffuse uterine enlargement in the absence of myoendometrial cause of bleeding. Today there is insufficient data to conclude that DUMH is a distinct clinicopathological entity. It is characterized by: 1) Uterine weight of more that 200 g, 2) a myometrial thickness of more that 2.0 cm and 3) the absence of any endomyometrial cause of bleeding. In DUMH the increased thickness of the myometrium is due to hypertrophy of the muscle cells with no increase in fibroconnective intersticial tissue and the bleeding secondary to increase endometrial area and abnormal myometrium contraction...
August 1999: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
I Vorísek, E Syková
Changes in the ability of substances to diffuse in the intersticial space of the brain are important factors in the pathophysiology of cerebrovascular diseases. Extracellular space (ECS) volume fraction alpha (alpha = ECS volume/ total tissue volume), tortuosity lambda (lambda 2 = free diffusion coefficient/apparent diffusion coefficient), and nonspecific uptake (k')-three diffusion parameters of brain tissue were studied in cortex and subcortical white matter (WM) of the developing rat during anoxia. Changes were compared with the rise in extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]e), extracellular pH (pHe) shifts, and anoxic depolarization (AD)...
February 1997: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
S Ansai, K Goto, T Aoki, Y Hozumi, K Aso
A case of malignant haemangioendothelioma of the scalp in an 82-year-old female treated with intralesional, intra-arterial and intravenous recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) is reported. The scalp lesions disappeared after injection of 35,350,000 Japan reference units of rIL-2 and excision of the residual tumour. Immunohistochemical characterization of the cells infiltrating the lesion after rIL-2 administration revealed 30-40% CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes, 20-30% macrophages and 5-10% natural killer cells. These findings are similar to those in other human cancers...
September 1993: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
J Bujía, A Holly, C Kim, N Scanady, E Kastenbauer
INTRODUCTION: Cell adhesion molecules are cell surface proteins that allow specific cell-cell interactions among leukocytes, as well as between leukocytes and other cells. Because middle ear cholesteatoma is characterized by the presence of leukocyte infiltrates, the presence of the two molecule types of intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM-1 and ICAM-2) was investigated on cholesteatoma using monoclonal antibodies. METHODS: Tissue sections from 10 patients with cholesteatoma, and normal skin from 5 patients were prepared for alkaline-phosphatase--anti-alkaline-phosphatase (APAAP) staining...
July 1994: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Iu S Balashov
Electron microscope observations were conducted to study changes in the cellular structure of IIId type alveoli of feeding females of I. persulcatus. Within the first 1-2 days of feeding granulosecreting glandular cells "d" and "e" get free of secretory inclusions. After that cells "d" degenerate completely and cells "e" undergo morphological transformations and start to fulfil osmoregulatory functions. From the third day of feeding cytoplasm of cells "e" and basal intersticial cells form a complex labyrinth from a system of branching processes limiting intercellular space from the basal to apical surfaces of alveolar wall...
September 1985: Parazitologiia
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