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Percutaneous aortic valve replacement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346704/usefulness-of-live-real-time-three-four-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-the-percutaneous-closure-of-an-iatrogenic-aorto-right-ventricular-fistula
#1
Tuğba Kemaloğlu Öz, Corrado Fiore, Tayfun Gürol, Tufan Şener, Özer Soylu, Bahadır Dağdeviren, Amier Ahmad, Navin C Nanda
The development of an aorto-right ventricular fistula is a rare complication of cardiac surgery. The most common treatment is surgical closure of the fistula, but percutaneous closure of the fistula has become an attractive alternative option. We present a case of successful utilization of live/real time three/four-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography (3/4DTEE) to select the correct device size for percutaneous closure of an adult patient presenting with an aorto-right ventricular (AO-RV) fistula following aortic valve replacement...
January 18, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339677/acute-myocardial-infarction-shortly-after-valve-in-valve-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-successfully-managedwith-challenging-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#2
Kenan Yalta, Çağlar Kaya, Yüksel Aksoy, Mustafa Yılmaztepe, Fatih Kardaş
In recent years, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been considered a novel option for the management of surgically high-risk patients requiring aortic valve replacement. Presently described is a case of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) managed with a challenging primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) shortly after a valve-in-valve TAVI intervention. This case highlights 2 important issues: PCI may be an option for the management of coronary heart disease in patients after TAVI even in the setting of demanding features associated with coronary osteal engagement, and secondly, TAVI may serve as a potential risk factor for future coronary ischemic syndromes, largely due to its potential adverse effects on coronary flow dynamics, etc...
January 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326776/aorto-right-ventricular-fistula-following-percutaneous-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Monoj K Konda, Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta, Jerry W Pratt, David Martin, Vishal Gupta
An 88-year-old woman with a prior history of aortic stenosis and history of valvuloplasty presented with worsening symptoms of heart failure and dizziness. She underwent successful transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) without complications. Follow-up echocardiograms revealed a small fistula connecting aorta to the right ventricle. The patient was initially asymptomatic but 3 months later developed overload of the right ventricle and heart failure and chose to continue medical therapy. She died of progressive heart failure at 9 months from onset of fistula...
October 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312737/perforation-of-myocardial-wall-and-great-vessels-after-cardiovascular-interventions-a-5-year-analysis
#4
Zdenek Provaznik, Andreas Holzamer, Daniele Camboni, Leopold Rupprecht, Markus Resch, Sigrid Wittmann, Christof Schmid, Bernhard Floerchinger
Background: Less invasive procedures have replaced open surgical treatment in many cardiovascular disorders. During these interventions, iatrogenic cardiac perforation may ensue, which is a severe complication and requires immediate diagnostic assessment and treatment. Methods: From March 2011 to April 2016, all patients referred to the Dept. of Cardio-thoracic Surgery with the diagnosis of iatrogenic perforation of myocardial wall or great vessels were included into the retrospective study...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310382/the-safety-of-concomitant-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Yong Yang, Fang-Yang Huang, Bao-Tao Huang, Tian-Yuan Xiong, Xiao-Bo Pu, Shi-Jian Chen, Mao Chen, Yuan Feng
BACKGROUND: TAVR is a rapidly spreading treatment option for severe aortic valve stenosis. Significant coronary artery disease (CAD) is present in 40% to 75% of patients undergoing TAVR. However, when to treat the concomitant coronary artery lesions is controversial. METHODS: This is a systematic review comparing concomitant PCI and TAVR versus staged PCI and TAVR. The OVID database was systematically searched for studies reporting PCI in patients undergoing TAVR...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302950/use-of-impella-5-0-prior-to-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-a-patient-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-cardiogenic-shock
#6
Dustin W Johnson, John P ErwinIII
The use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has risen dramatically during the past decade. Notably, the procedure can reduce symptoms and improve prognosis in patients who would otherwise be excluded from intervention due to prohibitive surgical risk. During the same time period, the use of percutaneous mechanical circulatory support devices for patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction, including the Impella System (Abiomed, Inc., Danvers, MA, USA), has also increased. These devices provide superior hemodynamic effects compared to intra-aortic balloon pumping...
July 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301640/1-year-clinical-outcomes-in-women-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-results-from-the-first-win-tavi-registry
#7
Alaide Chieffo, Anna Sonia Petronio, Julinda Mehilli, Jaya Chandrasekhar, Samantha Sartori, Thierry Lefèvre, Patrizia Presbitero, Piera Capranzano, Didier Tchetche, Alessandro Iadanza, Gennaro Sardella, Nicolas M Van Mieghem, Emanuele Meliga, Nicholas Dumonteil, Chiara Fraccaro, Daniela Trabattoni, Ghada Mikhail, Samin Sharma, Maria Cruz Ferrer, Christoph Naber, Peter Kievit, Usman Baber, Clayton Snyder, Madhav Sharma, Marie Claude Morice, Roxana Mehran
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the safety and performance of contemporary transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in an exclusive all-women TAVR population, and to further investigate the potential impact of female sex-specific characteristics on composite 1-year clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: Women comprise ≥50% patients undergoing TAVR. Several data have shown the noninferiority of TAVR compared with surgical aortic valve replacement for symptomatic significant aortic stenosis, but no study so far has been specifically powered to detect differences by sex...
January 8, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280551/predictors-of-patient-radiation-exposure-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#8
Andrew M Goldsweig, Kevin F Kennedy, Dhaval Kolte, J Dawn Abbott, Paul C Gordon, Barry L Sharaf, Frank W Sellke, Afshin Ehsan, Neel R Sodha, Frank Rutar, Herbert D Aronow
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) exposes patients to radiation. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify factors associated with higher radiation exposure and to quantify their relative influence, which may inform reduction of this hazard. METHODS: All TAVR procedures at Rhode Island Hospital between March 20, 2012 and February 12, 2017 were included. Procedures were performed by two co-primary operators using a Siemens Artis Zeego system...
December 27, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249501/predictors-of-survival-in-octogenarians-after-mitral-valve-surgery-for-degenerative-disease-the-mitral-surgery-in-octogenarians-study
#9
Pierpaolo Chivasso, Vito D Bruno, Shakil Farid, Pietro Giorgio Malvindi, Amit Modi, Umberto Benedetto, Franco Ciulli, Yasir Abu-Omar, Massimo Caputo, Gianni D Angelini, Steve Livesey, Hunaid A Vohra
OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of octogenarians are referred to undergo mitral valve surgery for degenerative disease, and percutaneous approaches are being increasingly used in this subgroup of patients. We sought to determine the survival and its predictors after Mitral valve Surgery in Octogenarians (MiSO) in a multicenter UK study of high-volume specialized centers. METHODS: Pooled data from 3 centers were collected retrospectively. To identify the predictors of short-term composite outcome of 30 days mortality, acute kidney injury, and cerebrovascular accident, a multivariable logistic regression model was developed...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244161/the-impact-of-coronary-anomalies-on-the-outcome-in-aortic-valve-surgery-comparison-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-versus-tricuspid-aortic-valve-morphotype
#10
Shiho Naito, Johannes Petersen, Hermann Reichenspurner, Evaldas Girdauskas
OBJECTIVES: The association of anomalous anatomy of coronary arteries and bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) has been sporadically reported. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of coronary anomalies between BAV and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) and to analyse their impact on major adverse cardiac events during and after aortic valve surgery. METHODS: A total of 1099 consecutive patients who received preoperative coronary evaluation and elective aortic valve replacement/repair between January 2013 and July 2016 at our institution were involved...
December 12, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237015/perceval-less-invasive-aortic-replacement-register-multicentric-spanish-experience-with-the-perceval-s-bioprosthesis-in-moderate-high-risk-aortic-surgery
#11
Elisabet Berastegui García, Maria Luisa Camara Rosell, Francisco Estevez Cid, Eladio Sanchez Dominguez, Remedios Rios Barrera, Fabrizio Sbraga, Julio Garcia Puente, Elena Rosello Diez, Gregorio Pablo Cuerpo Caballero, Juan Bustamante Munguira, Guillermo Reyes Copa, Marian Tena Pajuelo, Santiago Serrano Fiz, Jose Alfonso Buendía Miñano, Ivan García Martin, Jose Cuenca Castillo, Sergio Cánovas Lopez, Angel Gonzalez Pinto, Xavier Ruyra Baliarda
OBJECTIVES: The development of new percutaneous and surgical techniques has reduced the risk associated with aortic valve replacement procedures. We present the results of a Spanish register after initiating a programme for sutureless prostheses in moderate-high-risk patients. METHODS: This prospective multicentre study was carried out from November 2013 to November 2016. Data were obtained from 448 patients in whom a Perceval S prosthesis was implanted. RESULTS: The mean age was 79...
December 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214718/coronary-artery-disease-revascularization-and-clinical-outcomes-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-real-world-results-from-the-east-denmark-heart-registry
#12
Oscar Millan-Iturbe, Fadi J Sawaya, Jacob Lønborg, Danny H F Chow, Gintautas Bieliauskas, Thomas Engstrøm, Lars Søndergaard, Ole De Backer
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become an established therapeutic option for patients with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis. The optimal treatment strategy for concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been tested prospectively in a randomized clinical trial. This study aimed to describe the degree of CAD, revascularization strategies, and long-term clinical outcomes in a large-scale all-comers TAVR-population. Nine hundred and forty-four consecutive patients underwent TAVR. Obstructive CAD was reported in 224 patients (23...
December 7, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198572/acute-myocardial-infarction-as-the-initial-manifestation-of-delayed-bioprosthesis-thrombosis-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#13
Yi-Jian Li, Yan-Biao Liao, Xin Wei, Yuan Feng, Mao Chen
Bioprosthesis thrombosis after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) raised concerns about further clinical events. We report the case of a patient who suffered acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after TAVR for 3 years. Thrombosis was confirmed in the right coronary sinus of Valsalva by transthoracic echocardiography. Coronary angiography demonstrated the ostium of the right coronary artery was occluded. As an attempt to perform percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was unsuccessful, long-term therapeutic anticoagulation with warfarin was undertaken...
November 14, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197827/intermediate-term-risk-of-stroke-following-cardiac-procedures-in-a-nationally-representative-data-set
#14
Laura Stein, Alison Thaler, John W Liang, Stanley Tuhrim, Amit S Dhamoon, Mandip S Dhamoon
BACKGROUND: Studies on stroke risk following cardiac procedures addressed only perioperative and long-term risk following limited higher-risk procedures, were poorly generalizable, and often failed to stratify by stroke type. We calculated stroke risk in the intermediate risk period following cardiac procedures compared with common noncardiac surgeries and medical admissions. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database contains readmission data for 49% of US admissions in 2013...
December 2, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193671/percutaneous-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-children-weighing-less-than-20-kg
#15
Mary Hunt Martin, Shabana Shahanavaz, Lynn F Peng, Jeremy D Asnes, Michelle Riley, William E Hellenbrand, David T Balzer, Robert G Gray, Doff B McElhinney
BACKGROUND: Since FDA approval of the Melody valve, transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) has been offered to an expanding population. Limited data exist regarding the safety and feasibility of TPVR in smaller patients. METHODS: All patients weighing <20 kg who underwent catheterization for percutaneous TPVR at four centers were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 51 patients reviewed, 43 (84%) had successful valve implantation and 8 (16%) were found not to be candidates due to access veins too small (n = 3), coronary artery/aortic root compression (n = 3), and RVOT too large (n = 2)...
November 29, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174823/modified-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-in-fragile-symptomatic-patients-unsuitable-for-both-surgical-and-percutaneous-valve-replacement
#16
Gianluca Rigatelli, Fabio Dell'Avvocata, Luca Conte, Daniela Lanza, Sara Giatti, Pierluigi Del Santo, Loris Roncon, Giuseppe Faggian
BACKGROUND: Balloon Aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) is considered as a bridge therapy to percutaneous valve implantation or a palliative treatment in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AVS). Potential risk of complications, in particular in fragile patients, is still not negligible. AIM: To describe the technique and outcomes of modified BAV in fragile symptomatic patients unsuitable for other treatments using no-pacing and minimally invasive approach. METHODS: Symptomatic fragile patients with severe aortic valve stenosis judged unsuitable by the heart team for surgical or percutaneous valve implantation from 1 September 2013 to 1 September 2017 were offered modified BAV...
October 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105330/pvl-closure-after-tavr-yes-we-can-do-it
#17
EDITORIAL
Mehmet Cilingiroglu, Andre Paixao
Paravalvular leak (PVL) remains a significant problem after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. PVL is associated with long-term morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous management of post-TAVR PVL seems to be feasible and should be adopted by the structural heart interventionalist.
November 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102344/clinical-outcomes-of-coronary-occlusion-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Oluwaseun A Akinseye, Sunil K Jha, Uzoma N Ibebuogu
BACKGROUND: Coronary occlusion (CO) is a rare but serious complication following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with limited published data. We sought to evaluate the immediate and short-term outcomes of CO complicating TAVR. METHODS: Studies, including case reports, case series and original articles published from 2002 to 2016 describing CO following TAVR were identified with a systematic electronic search using the PRISMA Statement. Only studies reporting data on demographic and procedural characteristics, management and follow up outcomes were analyzed...
September 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101953/catheterization-laboratory-structural-heart-disease-devices-and-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#19
REVIEW
Paul N Fiorilli, Saif Anwaruddin, Elizabeth Zhou, Ronak Shah
The cardiac catheterization laboratory is advancing medicine by performing procedures on patients who would usually require sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass. These procedures are done percutaneously, allowing them to be performed on patients considered inoperable. Patients have compromised cardiovascular function or advanced age. An anesthesiologist is essential for these procedures in case of hemodynamic compromise. Interventionalists are becoming more familiar with transcatheter aortic valve replacement and the device has become smaller, both contributing to less complications...
December 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081473/acute-heart-failure-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis%C3%A3-insights-from-the-current-as-registry
#20
Kazuya Nagao, Tomohiko Taniguchi, Takeshi Morimoto, Hiroki Shiomi, Kenji Ando, Norio Kanamori, Koichiro Murata, Takeshi Kitai, Yuichi Kawase, Chisato Izumi, Makoto Miyake, Hirokazu Mitsuoka, Masashi Kato, Yutaka Hirano, Shintaro Matsuda, Tsukasa Inada, Tomoyuki Murakami, Yasuyo Takeuchi, Keiichiro Yamane, Mamoru Toyofuku, Mitsuru Ishii, Eri Minamino-Muta, Takao Kato, Moriaki Inoko, Tomoyuki Ikeda, Akihiro Komasa, Katsuhisa Ishii, Kozo Hotta, Nobuya Higashitani, Yoshihiro Kato, Yasutaka Inuzuka, Chiyo Maeda, Toshikazu Jinnai, Yuko Morikami, Naritatsu Saito, Kenji Minatoya, Takeshi Kimura
BACKGROUND: Clinical profiles of acute heart failure (AHF) complicating severe aortic stenosis (AS) remain unclear.Methods and Results:From a Japanese multicenter registry enrolling consecutive patients with severe AS, 3,813 patients were categorized into the 3 groups according to the symptom of heart failure (HF); No HF (n=2,210), chronic HF (CHF) (n=813) and AHF defined as hospitalized HF at enrolment (n=790). Median follow-up was 1,123 days with 93% follow-up rate at 2 years. Risk factors for developing AHF included age, female sex, lower body mass index, untreated coronary artery stenosis, anemia, history of HF, left ventricular ejection fraction <50%, presence of any combined valvular disease, peak aortic jet velocity ≥5 m/s and tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient ≥40 mmHg, and negative risk factors included dyslipidemia, history of percutaneous coronary intervention and hemodialysis...
October 27, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
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