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Percutaneous aortic valve replacement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920637/bypassing-a-bypass-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-and-percutaneous-closure-of-a-regurgitant-apical-aortic-conduit
#1
Andrew M Goldsweig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914661/percutaneous-aortic-leak-closure-in-a-small-and-frail-annulus-after-double-heart-valve-replacement
#2
Guglielmo Saitto, Paolo Nardi, Gian P Ussia, Domenico Sergi, Paolo Prati, Marco Russo, Francesco Romeo, Giovanni Ruvolo
: Paravalvular leak (PVL) is an uncommon but serious complication associated with the implantation of prosthetic valves. Following aortic valve replacement, up to 5% of patients affected by PVL develop clinical symptoms of heart failure, hemolysis or both. Percutaneous treatment of PVL has emerged instead of conventional surgery, as a well tolerated and less invasive procedure but remains a challenge. We present the case of a young woman with mechanical aortic and mitral prostheses, who presented surgical aortic PVL caused by a serious frailty of native annulus, became symptomatic after 5 months and was successfully percutaneously treated with an Amplatzer Duct Occluder device...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898453/echocardiographic-guidance-and-monitoring-of-left-atrial-appendage-closure-with-atriclip-during-open-chest-cardiac-surgery
#3
Rachele Contri, Sara Clivio, Tiziano Torre, Tiziano Cassina
Left atrial appendage (LAA) closure prevents thromboembolic risk and avoids lifelong anticoagulation due to atrial fibrillation (AF). Nowadays, AtriClip, a modern epicardial device approved in June 2010, allows external and safe closure of LAA in patients undergoing cardiac surgery during other open-chest cardiac surgical procedures. Such a surgical approach and its epicardial deployment differentiates LAA closure with AtriClip from percutaneous closure techniques such as Watchman (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA), Lariat (SentreHEART Inc...
September 12, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895061/valvular-heart-disease-in-women-differential-remodeling-and-response-to-new-therapies
#4
REVIEW
Jaya Chandrasekhar, George Dangas, Roxana Mehran
In the United States, valvular heart disease (VHD) has a prevalence of 2.5%, most commonly presenting as aortic stenosis (AS) or mitral valve regurgitation (MR) and increasingly observed to be of a degenerative etiology. Women frequently have latent symptoms despite significant disease, and it is therefore pertinent to consider both clinical symptoms and imaging findings for decision-making on treatment. Indeed, significant advances have been made in noninvasive imaging allowing for more accurate diagnosis and disease prognostication...
September 11, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879526/intracardiac-echocardiography-for-structural-heart-and-electrophysiological-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Craig Basman, Yuvrajsinh J Parmar, Itzhak Kronzon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With an increasing number of interventional procedures performed for structural heart disease and cardiac arrhythmias each year, echocardiographic guidance is necessary for safe and efficient results. The purpose of this review article is to overview the principles of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) and describes the peri-interventional role of ICE in a variety of structural heart disease and electrophysiological interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Both transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography have limitations...
September 6, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864443/conscious-sedation-versus-general-anesthesia-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-insights-from-the-ncdr%C3%A2-sts-acc-tvt-registry
#6
Matthew C Hyman, Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Wilson Y Szeto, Amanda Stebbins, Prakash A Patel, Roland A Matsouaka, Howard C Herrmann, Saif Anwaruddin, Taisei Kobayashi, Nimesh D Desai, Prashanth Vallabhajosyula, Fenton H McCarthy, Robert Li, Joseph E Bavaria, Jay Giri
Background -Conscious sedation is used during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with limited evidence as to the safety and efficacy of this practice. Methods -The NCDR STS/ACC TVT Registry was used to characterize the anesthesia choice and clinical outcomes of all U.S. patients undergoing elective percutaneous transfemoral TAVR between April 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015. Raw and inverse probability of treatment weighted (IPTW) analyses were performed to compare general anesthesia patients with conscious sedation patients on an intention-to-treat basis for the primary outcome of in-hospital mortality, and secondary outcomes including 30-day mortality, in-hospital and 30-day death/stroke, procedural success, ICU and hospital length-of-stay, and rates of discharge to home...
September 1, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862381/a-systematic-review-of-reported-cases-of-combined-transcatheter-aortic-and-mitral-valve-interventions
#7
Tomo Ando, Hisato Takagi, Alexandros Briasoulis, Tesfaye Telila, David P Slovut, Luis Afonso, Cindy L Grines, Theodore Schreiber
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the published data of combined transcatheter aortic and mitral valve intervention (CTAMVI). BACKGROUND: CTAMVI, a combination of either transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve (TAViV) and transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR), transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve/valve-in-ring (TMViV/ViR), or percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) is an attractive alternative in high-surgical risk patients with combined aortic and mitral valve disease...
September 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844511/prognostic-significance-of-change-in-the-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction
#8
Marco Angelillis, Cristina Giannini, Marco De Carlo, Marianna Adamo, Matilde Nardi, Antonio Colombo, Alaide Chieffo, Francesco Bedogni, Nedy Brambilla, Corrado Tamburino, Marco Barbanti, Giuseppe Bruschi, Paola Colombo, Arnaldo Poli, Paola Martina, Roberto Violini, Patrizia Presbitero, Anna Sonia Petronio
Patients with severe aortic stenosis and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have a poor prognosis compared with patients with preserved LVEF. To evaluate the impact of early LVEF recovery in patients with baseline dysfunction on clinical outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), we included all consecutive patients who underwent TAVI from the Italian ClinicalService registry with an LVEF of ≤45% at baseline who had 1-month LVEF data. Patients who experienced a previous coronary artery bypass graft, a previous valve replacement, or a previous myocardial infarction were excluded from the analysis...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833508/in-hospital-and-long-term-outcomes-of-percutaneous-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-with-concomitant-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#9
Marzena Daniec, Danuta Sorysz, Artur Dziewierz, Paweł Kleczyński, Łukasz Rzeszutko, Agata Krawczyk-Ożóg, Dariusz Dudek
BACKGROUND: Severe aortic stenosis (AS) often coexists with significant coronary artery disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate procedural complications and long-term outcomes of patients with severe AS undergoing balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 97 patients with severe AS underwent 104 BAVs as palliative procedure, bridge to definitive treatment, or before urgent non-cardiac surgery...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833503/persistent-acute-kidney-injury-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#10
Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Michael A Mao, Narat Srivali, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, Andrew M Harrison, Kevin L Greason, Kianoush B Kashani
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) and its severity after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) have been associated with worse outcomes. Studies have shown that AKI duration (transient or persistent) affects outcomes independently of AKI severity. This study was undertaken to determine the association, risk factors, and outcomes associated with persistent AKI (pAKI) after TAVR. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing TAVR at Mayo Clinic between January 1, 2008 and June 30, 2014 were enrolled...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820544/use-of-adjuncts-reduces-cardiopulmonary-bypass-time-during-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-replacement
#11
Alice Wang, Sharon L McCartney, Judson B Williams, Asvin Ganapathi, Donald D Glower, Alina Nicoara, Jeffrey G Gaca
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) through a mini-thoracotomy is comparable to AVR through a sternotomy, but may have increased surgical times. The development of adjuncts such as the automatic knot fastener and percutaneous coronary sinus (CS) catheter may reduce this disadvantage. METHODS: A retrospective review conducted between 2002 and 2015 at a single institution revealed 78 patients who underwent MIAVR with adjuncts. The automatic knot fastener was used on all patients, and a successful CS catheter was placed and confirmed by echocardiography in 67 patients (86%)...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795527/utility-of-the-guideliner-catheter-for-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-in-patients-with-prior-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#12
Aditya S Bharadwaj, Samit Bhatheja, Samin K Sharma, Annapoorna S Kini
The safety and utility of GuideLiner catheters in complex percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) has been well established. Patients with prior trans-catheter aortic valve replacement especially with CoreValve, who present for PCI, pose a unique set of challenges. Not only does the operator often encounter difficulty with selective engagement of coronary ostia through the struts of the CoreValve, but also the complex nature of the underlying CAD in this high-risk population. We present a case series to illustrate the use of GuideLiner catheter as an adjunctive tool for PCI in this patient population...
August 10, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780032/percutaneous-management-of-mitral%C3%A2-perforation-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#13
Asma Bourezg, Cyril Prieur, Gérard Finet, Gilles Rioufol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774836/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-through-transcaval-aortic-access-in-a-patient-with-duplicated-inferior-vena-cava-and-poor-iliofemoral-anatomy
#14
Zaher Fanari, Mohammad Al-Akchar, Hadi Mahmaljy, Sachin Goel, Nilesh J Goswami
Transthoracic (transapical and transaortic) access is inferior compared with femoral artery access. Percutaneous transcaval aortic access is a reasonable alternative approach that is being used in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with poor iliofemoral anatomy. Duplicated Inferior vena cava (DIVC) is an uncommon abnormality. We report the case of 76-year-old lady with history of severe peripheral vascular disease, morbid obesity, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and duplicated IVC that had severe symptomatic aortic stenosis...
July 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768761/combining-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-and-coronary-angiography-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-procedures-ready-for-prime-time
#15
EDITORIAL
Josep Rodés-Cabau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768757/optimized-screening-of-coronary-artery-disease-with-invasive-coronary-angiography-and-ad-hoc-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#16
Marco Barbanti, Denise Todaro, Giuliano Costa, Gerlando Pilato, Andrea Picci, Simona Gulino, Piera Capranzano, Ketty La Spina, Emanuela Di Simone, Paolo D'Arrigo, Wanda Deste, Antonino Indelicato, Stefano Cannata, Daniela Giannazzo, Sebastiano Immè, Claudia Tamburino, Martina Patanè, Sergio Buccheri, Davide Capodanno, Carmelo Sgroi, Corrado Tamburino
BACKGROUND: We sought to describe an optimized approach to coronary artery disease (CAD) screening and management in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS AND RESULTS: When invasive coronary angiography showed CAD, the treatment strategy and completeness of revascularization was determined based on coronary anatomy. TAVR was performed in the same setting if percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was uncomplicated; otherwise TAVR was postponed...
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766839/techniques-and-outcomes-of-paravalvular-leak-repair-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#17
Thomas M Waterbury, Guy S Reeder, Sorin V Pislaru, Allison K Cabalka, Charanjit S Rihal, Mackram F Eleid
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility, procedural success, and outcomes of paravalvular leak (PVL) closure in patients with prior transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: PVL after TAVR is associated with adverse patient outcomes and increased mortality. Percutaneous PVL closure has emerged as a therapeutic strategy for addressing this issue, but data for transcatheter PVL repair after TAVR remains limited. METHODS: This is a single center retrospective review of PVL closure after TAVR...
August 2, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761561/coronary-perforation-of-distal-diagonal-branch-followed-by-prolonged-recurrent-cardiac-tamponade-finally-resolved-with-pericardiotomy-the-potential-risk-of-hydrophilic-guide-wires
#18
Rafał Januszek, Krzysztof Bartuś, Radosław Litwinowicz, Artur Dziewierz, Łukasz Rzeszutko
PURPOSE: Coronary artery perforation (CAP) is a complication of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Hydrophilic guide-wires have been shown to increase the probability of CAP. Depending on the size of perforations we adopt different treatments. CASE: We present the case of a 73-year old male with coronary artery disease and severe aortic valve stenosis. The patient was in the process of qualifying for a transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Unfortunately, CAP of the first diagonal branch of the LAD occurred during PCI...
2017: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756421/arterial-cutaneous-femoral-fistulous-tract-closure-using-surgiflo-hemostatic-matrix-a-novel-adjunct-for-post-tavr-access-site-management
#19
Eileen Gajo, Omer Iftikhar, Paul J Pearson, Ted Feldman, Mayra Guerrero, Justin Levisay, Michael H Salinger
Several options are available to address hemostasis at the end of a cardiac catheterization or percutaneous transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) when conventional options are ineffective. To date, there have been few studies exploring the use of a topical thrombin preparation, as one of its main contraindications is that it cannot be used intravascularly due to risk of embolization. The following case shows safe utilization of Surgiflo hemostatic gel matrix under fluoroscopic guidance against an inflated balloon in order to achieve closure of a fistulous tract from a femoral artery access site during percutaneous TAVR...
August 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756420/safety-and-feasibility-of-rotational-atherectomy-in-elderly-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#20
Matthew Lippmann, Jigar Patel, Jared Kvapil, David Westover, Michael Pierpoline, Peter Tadros, Mark Wiley, George Zorn, Greg Muehlebach, Ashwani Mehta, Eric Hockstad, Matthew Earnest, Kamal Gupta
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) followed by transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an alternative to surgery in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery disease (CAD). In many, the coronary arteries are severely calcified and best treated with rotational atherectomy (RA). However, RA is not routinely performed in severe AS patients due to safety concerns. There is a paucity of data on the safety of RA in severe AS patients with calcific CAD...
August 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
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