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Acute biliary pancreatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522915/ninety-day-readmissions-after-inpatient-cholecystectomy-a-5-year-analysis
#1
Alba Manuel-Vázquez, Raquel Latorre-Fragua, Carmen Ramiro-Pérez, Aylhin López-Marcano, Farah Al-Shwely, Roberto De la Plaza-Llamas, José Manuel Ramia
AIM: To determine the incidence of readmission after cholecystectomy using 90 d as a time limit. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing cholecystectomy at the General Surgery and Digestive System Service of the University Hospital of Guadalajara, Spain. We included all patients undergoing cholecystectomy for biliary pathology who were readmitted to hospital within 90 d. We considered readmission to any hospital service as cholecystectomy-related complications...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520575/predictors-of-bile-tree-pathology-in-patients-presenting-with-gallbladder-disease
#2
Mahmoud A Rahal, Mohammad O Rammal, Walid Karaoui, Ali Hallal, Hani Tamim, Yasser Shaib
BACKGROUND: Patients with gallstone disease can present with elevated liver function tests (LFTs). It is often challenging to differentiate those with a common bile duct (CBD) stone from those without a CBD stone on the basis of the LFTs levels. In this study, we aim to evaluate the predictors of a CBD stones among patients presenting with symptomatic gallbladder disease and elevated LFTs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined all patients who had undergone a cholecystectomy between January 2010 and December 2015...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513820/intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-acute-pancreatitis-hepato-pancreato-biliary-operations-and-liver-transplantation
#3
Alexsander K Bressan, Chad G Ball
Intra-abdominal hypertension, even preceding the onset of abdominal compartment syndrome, is still recognized as an adverse prognostic factor. Unfortunately, most of the current supporting evidence within the critical care environment remains observational in nature. In acute pancreatitis, an active role for intra-abdominal hypertension early in the disease process follows a strong intuitive basis, and it is corroborated by preliminary evidence from animal models. Additional studies are needed to better characterize the optimal fluid resuscitation strategy, as well as the importance of intra-abdominal hypertension as an early therapeutic target...
May 17, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512648/revision-of-biliary-sphincterotomy-by-re-cut-balloon-dilation-or-temporary-stenting-comparison-of-clinical-outcome-and-complication-rate-with-video
#4
Gianfranco Donatelli, Jean-Loup Dumont, Fabrizio Cereatti, Thierry Tuszynski, Bertrand Marie Vergeau, Bruno Meduri
Background and study aims Revision of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) may be necessary following previous biliary endoscopic sphincterotomy for recurrent biliary symptoms related to biliary stone recurrence, cholangitis or post-biliary endoscopic sphincterotomy (bEST) papillary stenosis and cholestasis. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical outcome and complication rate associated with re-cut, balloon dilation and biliary metal stenting in revision ERCP. Patients and methods From January 2010 to January 2015, 139 subjects with stigma of a previous sphincterotomy required a revision ERCP (64 Men/75 Women; mean age 71 years; range 32 - 101 years)...
May 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502372/early-onset-acute-recurrent-and-chronic-pancreatitis-is-associated-with-prss1-or-ctrc-gene-mutations
#5
Matthew J Giefer, Mark E Lowe, Steven L Werlin, Bridget Zimmerman, Michael Wilschanski, David Troendle, Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, John F Pohl, Joseph Palermo, Chee Y Ooi, Veronique D Morinville, Tom K Lin, Sohail Z Husain, Ryan Himes, Melvin B Heyman, Tanja Gonska, Cheryl E Gariepy, Steven D Freedman, Douglas S Fishman, Melena D Bellin, Bradley Barth, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Aliye Uc
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the age of onset was associated with unique features or disease course in pediatric acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) or chronic pancreatitis (CP). STUDY DESIGN: Demographic and clinical information on children with ARP or CP was collected at INSPPIRE (INternational Study Group of Pediatric Pancreatitis: In Search for a CuRE) centers. The Cochran-Armitage trend test and Jonckheere-Terpstra test were used to examine for differences between pediatric age groups (<6, 6-11, and ≥12 years)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480730/choledochocele-as-an-atypical-cause-of-relapsing-acute-pancreatitis-diagnosis-and-endoscopic-treatment
#6
Cristina Saldaña Dueñas, Juan José Vila Costa, Ignacio Fernández-Urién
The choledochocele is a cystic dilatation of the intraduodenal portion of the bile duct and corresponds to the type III biliary cysts in the Todani ´s classification. Eventhough the majority of patients remain asymptomatic they can be an atypical cause of abdominal pain or relapsing acute pancreatitis events. The risk of malignancy is lower than other choledochal cyst (<2,5%). The treatment is based on surgical or new endoscopic techniques of resection. In some of the cases an endoscopic sphincterotomy is the first approach...
May 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476903/endoscopic-nasobiliary-drainage-an-effective-treatment-option-for-benign-recurrent-intrahepatic-cholestasis-bric
#7
Ashok Choudhury, Anand V Kulkarni, Bishnupriya Sahoo, Chhagan Bihari
Benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC) is characterised by recurrent episodes of jaundice, severe pruritus and low or normal serum γ-glutamyltransferase activity lasting from several weeks to months. BRIC is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by the mutation in either of the two hepatic transporter genes-ATP8B1 or ABCB11 gene. The disease is very well known for episodic flare of jaundice with cholestatic symptoms that are spontaneous or perpetuated by acute insults, followed by self-recovery...
May 5, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474701/-cholelithiasis-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-prevalence-presentation-and-consequences-in-a-referral-hospital-in-baja-california-sur
#8
Andrea Socorro Álvarez-Villaseñor, Héctor Luis Mascareño-Franco, José Juan Agundez-Meza, Francisco Cardoza-Macías, Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco, Jorge Rendón-Félix, Mariana Chávez-Tostado, Leire Irusteta-Jiménez, Jesús García-Rentería, Alejandro González-Ojedaz
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and the postpartum period are risk factors for developing biliary sludge, gallstones, and any of their complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, presentation, and consequences of cholestasis during pregnancy and postpartum in a referral hospital of Baja California Sur. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study that enrolled pregnant or postpartum patients diagnosed with gallstones with any presentation...
March 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457384/liver-retransplantation-for-hepatic-abscess-due-to-hepatic-artery-thrombosis-a-case-report
#9
G Zanus, M Romano, M Finotti, E Dalla Bona, D Sgarabotto, D Bassi, C Mescoli, P Angeli, P Burra, E Gringeri, A Vitale, F D'Amico, P Feltracco, U Cillo
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) is a well-recognized complication of liver transplantation (LT). HAT is an important risk factor for infectious, in particular hepatic abscess, which can cause graft loss and increasing morbidity and mortality. CASE REPORT: We present a case report of complicated LT in a 52-year-old Caucasian man with primary sclerosing cholangitis. In 2007 the patient was included on the waiting list in Padua for LT. In 2012 the patient underwent percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage for bile duct stricture, complicated with acute pancreatitis...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455159/metal-versus-plastic-stents-for-anastomotic-biliary-strictures-after-liver-transplantation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Fernanda Prata Martins, Gustavo Andrade De Paulo, Mônica L C Contini, Angelo Paulo Ferrari
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: biliary anastomotic stricture occurs in 15% to 20% of patients after deceased orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Usually treated endoscopically with multiple plastic stents (MPSs), although the use of fully covered self-expandable metal stents (cSEMSs) is emerging. This study aims to compare efficacy and safety of cSEMSs versus MPSs in these patients. METHODS: single center, open-label, randomized clinical trial. Patients were randomized to single cSEMSs for 6 months or to MPS placement, exchanged every 3 months during 1 year...
April 25, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446484/cystic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-following-acute-necrotising-pancreatitis
#11
Manoj Thillai, Pulkit Sethi, Ramachandran Narayana Menon, Nazar Puthukudiyil Kader
Cystic artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare pathology. Of the 20 cases reported so far, chronic cholecystitis and iatrogenic biliary injury form the majority of causes. Currently, there is no published report of such pseudoaneurysms caused secondary to pancreatitis, hence the management in such a scenario is unclear. We hereby present the first such report of cystic artery pseudoaneurysm occurring as a sequel of acute necrotising pancreatitis. A 33-year-old man who recovered from a recent attack of acute pancreatitis was readmitted for melena and fever...
April 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428811/role-of-intraoperative-cholangiography-for-detecting-residual-stones-after-biliary-pancreatitis-still-useful-a-retrospective-study
#12
Abdelrahman Abdelaal, Moamena El-Matbouly, Ibnouf Sulieman, Ahmad Elfaki, Tamer El-Bakary, Sherif Abdelaziem, Salahdin Gehani, Adriana Toro, Isidoro Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) may detect residual stones in the common bile duct (CBD) after acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP). The aim of the present study is to analyze the utility of IOC in detecting residual stones in patients undergoing cholecystectomy for ABP and if complications are related with this procedure. METHODS: Demographic and clinical factors were assessed in patients with mild ABP who underwent IOC during laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425682/mild-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-the-timing-of-cholecystectomy-should-not-exceed-index-admission
#13
Luca Degrate, Davide P Bernasconi, Paola Meroni, Mattia Garancini, Daniele Macchini, Fabrizio Romano, Fabio Uggeri, Luca Gianotti
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to treat mild biliary acute pancreatitis (MBAP) during index admission is recommended. However, the optimal surgical timing is controversial, considering that patients are actually often discharged from hospital and readmitted for elective cholecystectomy. Moreover, previous studies showed an uneven patients' stratification for pancreatitis severity. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of patients homogenously categorised for MBAP according to the newest pancreatitis classifications, undergoing cholecystectomy with different timing...
April 19, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381378/severe-acute-pancreatitis-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-surgical-management
#14
Mark Portelli, Christopher David Jones
BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis is a subtype of acute pancreatitis, associated with multiple organ failure and systemic inflammatory response syndrome. In this qualitative review we looked at the principles of pathogenesis, classification and surgical management of severe acute pancreatitis. We also looked at the current shift in paradigm in the management of severe acute pancreatitis since the guideline developed by the British Society of Gastroenterology. DATA SOURCES: Studies published between 1st January 1991 and 31st December 2015 were identified with PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Google Scholar online search engines using the following Medical Subject Headings: "acute pancreatitis, necrosis, mortality, pathogenesis, incidence" and the terms "open necrosectomy and minimally invasive necrosectomy"...
April 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376418/a-case-report-of-bloody-pancreatitis
#15
Lemuel Pran, Reena Moonsie, James Byam, Shivraj BahadurSingh, Gurubasavaiah Manjunath, Marlon Seenath, Shanta Baijoo
INTRODUCTION: Haemobilia is an uncommon entity even though its frequency has increased with hepato-biliary instrumentation and procedures. It can be associated with obstructive jaundice and pancreatitis (Green et al., 2001) [1]. Haemobilia following cholecystectomy has frequently been reported in association with hepatic artery pseudo-aneurysm (Curet et al., 1981; Ribeiro et al., 1998) [2,3]. The authors wish to report a case of haemobilia due to a porto-biliary fistula presenting as acute pancreatitis...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376184/a-plasma-biomarker-panel-to-identify-surgically-resectable-early-stage-pancreatic-cancer
#16
Seetharaman Balasenthil, Ying Huang, Suyu Liu, Tracey Marsh, Jinyun Chen, Sanford A Stass, Debra KuKuruga, Randall Brand, Nanyue Chen, Marsha L Frazier, J Jack Lee, Sudhir Srivastava, Subrata Sen, Ann McNeill Killary
Background: Blood-based biomarkers for early detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are urgently needed. Current biomarkers lack high sensitivity and specificity for population screening. The gold-standard biomarker, CA 19-9, also fails to demonstrate the predictive value necessary for early detection. Methods: To validate a functional genomics-based plasma migration signature biomarker panel, plasma tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), tenascin C (TNC-FN III-C), and CA 19-9 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in three early-stage PDAC plasma cohorts, including two independent blinded validation cohorts containing a total of 43 stage I, 163 stage II, 86 chronic pancreatitis, 31 acute biliary obstruction, and 108 controls...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375803/routine-use-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-does-not-reduce-the-risk-of-surgical-site-infections
#17
Pinar Sarkut, Sadik Kilicturgay, Hikmet Aktas, Yilmaz Ozen, Ekrem Kaya
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard for the treatment of symptomatic gallbladder stones. As infections are rare in uncomplicated LC, it is widely accepted that prophylactic antibiotics need not be administered, and guidelines do not support routine antibiotic prophylaxis during elective LC. However, routine antibiotic prophylaxis for elective LC is still popular in many clinical settings. We investigated this situation in our department. METHOD: This randomized double-blind controlled study included 570 patients who underwent LC between March 2007 and February 2010...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367391/igg4-related-disease-presenting-as-a-pancreatic-mass-and-bilateral-lacrimal-gland-swelling
#18
Uroosa Ibrahim, Amina Saqib, Nikhil Nalluri, Muhammad R Raza, Mark Goldstein
IgG4-related disease is characterized by multi-system inflammation and possible elevation in serum immunoglobulin-G4 level. Treatment regimens include glucocorticoids, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic agents and recently, rituximab infusions have been reported to be effective in treatment-refractory disease. We present a case of a 64-year-old male presenting with acute abdominal pain and scleral icterus. An abdominal ultrasound demonstrated extensive biliary ductal dilatation. A computed tomography (CT) scan and a magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) revealed a 4...
February 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362129/radiofrequency-ablation-for-management-of-malignant-biliary-obstruction-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Amit Kumar Dutta, Umesh Basavaraju, Laura Sales, John Samuel Leeds
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) causes coagulative necrosis of tissue and may be beneficial prior to biliary stenting. We report our experience using RFA for malignant biliary obstruction and review the literature. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing RFA for malignant biliary obstruction over the last two years. Success, complications and re-intervention following RFA were assessed. Controls were age, sex and disease matched who had stenting alone...
April 7, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350292/rescue-arterial-revascularization-using-cryopreserved-iliac-artery-allograft-in-liver-transplant-patients
#20
Kayvan Mohkam, Benjamin Darnis, Agnès Rode, Nathalie Hetsch, Gregorio Balbo, Jean-Paul Bourgeot, Salim Mezoughi, Hassan Demian, Christian Ducerf, Jean-Yves Mabrut
OBJECTIVES: Management of hepatic arterial complications after liver transplant remains challenging. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of rescue arterial revascularization using cryopreserved iliac artery allografts in this setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients with liver transplants who underwent rescue arterial revascularization using cryopreserved iliac artery allografts at a single institution were reviewed. RESULTS: From 1992 to 2015, 7 patients underwent rescue arterial revascularization using cryopreserved iliac artery allografts for hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (3 patients), thrombosis (2 patients), aneurysm (1 patient), or stenosis (1 patient)...
March 28, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
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