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Acute biliary pancreatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147647/serum-albumin-is-independently-associated-with-persistent-organ-failure-in-acute-pancreatitis
#1
Wandong Hong, Suhan Lin, Maddalena Zippi, Wujun Geng, Simon Stock, Zarrin Basharat, Bicheng Cheng, Jingye Pan, Mengtao Zhou
Background and Aims: To investigate the association between serum albumin levels within 24 hrs of patient admission and the development of persistent organ failure in acute pancreatitis. Methods: A total of 700 patients with acute pancreatitis were enrolled. Multivariate logistic regression and subgroup analysis determined whether decreased albumin was independently associated with persistent organ failure and mortality. The diagnostic performance of serum albumin was evaluated by the area under Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147123/acute-necrotizing-pancreatitis-following-coronary-artery-angiography-a-case-report
#2
Majid Hajimaghsoudi, Faezeh Zeinali, Mehrdad Mansouri, Mohammad Hosein Dehghani
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis has different etiologies from biliary stone to metabolic disturbances. Coronary angiography is one of the newly understood etiologies. CASE REPORT: This paper is about a women suffering from acute pancreatitis after coronary angiography. CONCLUSION: Embolization of cholesterol crystals due to vessel wall trauma during coronary angiography as well as contrast medium are responsible for such side effect.
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132521/gallbladder-dysfunction-cholecystitis-choledocholithiasis-cholangitis-and-biliary-dyskinesia
#3
REVIEW
Thad Wilkins, Edward Agabin, Jason Varghese, Asif Talukder
The prevalence of gallstones is 10% to 15% in adults. Individuals with acute cholecystitis present with right upper quadrant pain, fever, and leukocytosis. Management includes supportive care and cholecystectomy. The prevalence of choledocholithiasis is 10% to 20%, and serious complications include cholangitis and gallstone pancreatitis. The goal of management in individuals with choledocholithiasis consists of clearing common bile duct stones. Acute ascending cholangitis is a life-threatening condition involving acute inflammation and infection of the common bile duct...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127325/acinar-injury-and-early-cytokine-response-in-human-acute-biliary-pancreatitis
#4
Aparna Jakkampudi, Ramaiah Jangala, Ratnakar Reddy, Sasikala Mitnala, G Venkat Rao, Rebala Pradeep, D Nageshwar Reddy, Rupjyoti Talukdar
Clinical acute pancreatitis (AP) is marked by an early phase of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) with multiorgan dysfunction (MODS), and a late phase characterized by sepsis with MODS. However, the mechanisms of acinar injury in human AP and the associated systemic inflammation are not clearly understood. This study, for the first time, evaluated the early interactions of bile acid induced human pancreatic acinar injury and the resulting cytokine response. We exposed freshly procured resected human pancreata to taurolithocolic acid (TLCS) and evaluated for acinar injury, cytokine release and interaction with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115652/early-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-following-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-expedites-recovery
#5
Seracettin Eğin, Metin Yeşiltaş, Berk Gökçek, Hakan Tezer, Servet Rüştü Karahan
BACKGROUND: In this retrospective study, we aimed to assess the reliability of early cholecystectomy, risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis, and their effects on hospital length of stay and morbidity by comparing the results of early and late laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with acute biliary pancreatitis. METHODS: A total of 131 patients, who were diagnosed with acute biliary pancreatitis at Okmeydanı Education and Research Hospital in January 2009-December 2012, were included in the study...
November 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108980/radiofrequency-ablation-combined-with-biliary-stent-placement-versus-stent-placement-alone-for-malignant-biliary-strictures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Aijaz Ahmed Sofi, Muhammad Ali Khan, Ananya Das, Mankanwal Sachdev, Sadik Khuder, Ali Nawras, Wade Lee
Unresectable malignant biliary strictures are generally managed by palliative stent placement for drainage of biliary tree. Recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been used to improve the patency of biliary stents in these patients. Several studies have evaluated the effectiveness of biliary stent placement with RFA on stent patency and patient survival with variable results. We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of biliary stent placement with RFA compared with stent placement alone in patients with malignant biliary strictures...
November 3, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097868/role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-in-idiopathic-pancreatitis
#7
REVIEW
Piyush Somani, Tagore Sunkara, Malay Sharma
Recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) is defined based on the occurrence of two or more episodes of acute pancreatitis. The initial evaluation fails to detect the cause of RAP in 10%-30% of patients, whose condition is classified as idiopathic RAP (IRAP). Idiopathic acute pancreatitis (IAP) is a diagnostic challenge for gastroenterologists. In view of associated morbidity and mortality, it is important to determine the aetiology of pancreatitis to provide early treatment and prevent recurrence. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is an investigation of choice for imaging of pancreas and biliary tract...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079901/diabetes-and-the-pancreatobiliary-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Muhammad Shafqet, Kaveh Sharzehi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The emphasis of this review article is to bring to the forefront the spectrum of pancreatobiliary disorders and their association with diabetes. We hope to systematically discuss the link between diabetes and disorders of the pancreas including acute and chronic pancreatitis, as well as pancreatic cancer. We also hope to review and highlight the literature with respect to other cancers of the biliary tree including gallbladder and cholangiocarcinoma. Lastly, we discuss diabetes and biliary dyskinesia...
December 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075173/case-report-biliary-pancreatitis-with-acute-cholangitis-in-a-patient-under-anticoagulant-treatment-with-dabigatran
#9
Franziska Baumann-Durchschein, Thomas Gary, R B Raggam
We report a case of acute onset of a biliary pancreatitis with cholangitis presented in our emergency department. The patient was under anticoagulant therapy with dabigatran due to persistent atrial fibrillation. Pancreatic enzymes including lipase were elevated above the linear measuring range and bilirubin together with cholestasis enzymes was also highly elevated. An ERCP with papillotomy was urgently indicated because postponing could lead to further deterioration of the patient's condition. Coagulation testing showed a prolonged thrombin time above 160sec which was followed by a diluted thrombin time (Haemoclot Test) resulted in a peak-level of dabigatran thus confirming full anticoagulation...
October 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062619/choledocholithiasis-treatment-options-in-a-tertiary-care-setup-in-pakistan
#10
Ramlah Ghazanfor, Naeem Liaqat, Mehwish Changeez, Maham Tariq, Sara Malik, Khawaja R Ghazanfar, Jahangir S Khan
Introduction Among patients with cholelithiasis, choledocholithiasis may also be present in about 18% of cases. They can be treated through various endoscopic, laparoscopic, and open surgical procedures. Objective The objective of this study was to determine the outcome of patients with choledocholithiasis being treated in our setup. Methods This descriptive case series was conducted at Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan over two years from January 2015 to December 2016. All patients with choledocholithiasis admitted to Surgical Unit 1 were included in this study...
August 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049233/pediatric-types-i-and-vi-choledochal-cysts-complicated-with-acute-pancreatitis-and-spontaneous-perforation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Ching-Chung Tsai, Po-Kai Huang, Hsien-Kuan Liu, Yu-Tsun Su, Ming-Chun Yang, Ming-Lun Yeh
RATIONALE: Choledochal cysts are a congenital disorder of the common bile duct that can cause progressive biliary obstruction and biliary cirrhosis. They were classified by Todani into five types. Of these, type VI choledochal cysts are rarely reported in the literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-month-old girl presented with intermittent epigastralgia for approximately 10 days and fever for three days. Fasting and total parenteral nutrition were administered after admission...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047328/the-modified-pancreatic-stent-system-for-prevention-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis-a-case-control-study
#12
Cheng Zhang, Yu-Long Yang, Yue-Feng Ma, Hong-Wei Zhang, Jing-Yi Li, Mei-Ju Lin, Li-Jun Shi, Chun-Chun Qi
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic pancreatic stents after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can help prevent post-ERCP pancreatitis. However most of the pancreatic stents need to be removed by another ERCP. The aim of this observational study was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of the modified pancreatic stent system for prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis. METHODS: From November 2013 to November 2015, a total of 230 patients who had prophylactic pancreatic stent placed for prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis at a single institution were identified and stratified...
October 18, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019098/gallstone-ileus-monocentric-experience-looking-for-the-adequate-approach
#13
Vincenzo Scuderi, Vincenzo Adamo, Marco Naddeo, William Di Natale, Ljevin Boglione, Sebastiano Cavalli
Common complications of biliary lithiasis are cholecystitis, bile duct lithiasis, and acute biliary pancreatitis. Gallstone ileus is uncommon complications often requiring surgical approach. It is a mechanical bowel obstruction caused by a biliary calculus usually originating from a bilioenteric fistula. Because of the limited number of reported cases, the optimal surgical method of treatment has been the subject of ongoing debate. A retrospective, observational, descriptive study was conduct on patients diagnosed with non-neoplastic bowel occlusion...
October 10, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018018/acute-pancreatitis-as-an-unusual-presentation-of-primary-splenic-lymphoma
#14
Elisa Gravito-Soares, Marta Gravito-Soares, José Eduardo Pina-Cabral, Luis Tomé
A 51-year-old man with no relevant medical history presents to the emergency department complaining of a recent worsening of few months upper abdominal pain with back radiation and postprandial fullness, without B symptoms. Laboratory analysis showed hyperamylasaemia, elevated lactate dehydrogenase and inflammatory parameters. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a heterogeneous solid mass in the spleen/splenic hilum with pancreatic parenchyma continuity and no biliary tract dilation or gallstones. A mild acalculous acute pancreatitis diagnosis was made...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979710/lumen-apposing-metal-stents-for-pancreatic-fluid-collections-recognition-and-management-of-complications
#15
REVIEW
Michael L DeSimone, Akwi W Asombang, Tyler M Berzin
For patients recovering from acute pancreatitis, the development of a pancreatic fluid collection (PFC) predicts a more complex course of recovery, and introduces difficult management decisions with regard to when, whether, and how the collection should be drained. Most PFCs resolve spontaneously and drainage is indicated only in pseudocysts and walled-off pancreatic necrosis when the collections are causing symptoms and/or local complications such as biliary obstruction. Historical approaches to PFC drainage have included surgical (open or laparoscopic cystgastrostomy or pancreatic debridement), and the placement of percutaneous drains...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974903/drainage-fluid-and-serum-amylase-levels-accurately-predict-development-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula
#16
Shuo Jin, Xiao-Ju Shi, Si-Yuan Wang, Ping Zhang, Guo-Yue Lv, Xiao-Hong Du, Guang-Yi Wang
AIM: To investigate potential biomarkers for predicting postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: We prospectively recruited 83 patients to this study. All patients underwent PD (Child's procedure) at the Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery at the First Bethune Hospital of Jilin University between June 2011 and April 2015. Data pertaining to demographic variables, clinical characteristics, texture of pancreas, surgical approach, histopathological results, white blood cell count, amylase and choline levels in the serum, pancreatic/gastric drainage fluid, and choline and amylase levels in abdominal drainage fluid were included in the analysis...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954557/new-classification-system-for-indications-for-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-predicts-diagnoses-and-adverse-events
#17
Nicholas Yuen, Pauline O'Shaughnessy, Andrew Thomson
BACKGROUND: Indications for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) have received little attention, especially in scientific or objective terms. AIM: To review the prevailing ERCP indications in the literature, and to propose and evaluate a new ERCP indication system, which relies on more objective pre-procedure parameters. METHODS: An analysis was conducted on 1758 consecutive ERCP procedures, in which contemporaneous use was made of an a-priori indication system...
September 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948113/one-of-the-largest-pancreatic-pseudocysts-in-the-literature-a-case-report
#18
Sulaiman Alhassan, Shifa Umar, Mark Lega
The pancreatic pseudocyst is a pancreatic fluid collection which classically develops due to acute or chronic pancreatitis. A 68-year-old male with the remote history of alcohol abuse presented with abdominal pain secondary to acute pancreatitis. The first computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed acute necrotizing pancreatitis. He was initially treated conservatively. Repeat CT of the abdomen after two weeks revealed a peripancreatic fluid collection of 20x12x10 cm. One month later, he became septic following biliary stent placement...
July 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944336/development-of-acute-cholecystitis-following-laparoscopic-partial-cholecystectomy
#19
Oktay Karaköse, Mehmet Zafer Sabuncuoğlu, Mehmet Fatih Benzin, Girayhan Çelik, Mahmut Bülbül, Hüseyin Pülat
In cases where the dissection of Calot's triangle is difficult during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, laparoscopic partial cholecystectomy is an alternative to total cholecystectomy to prevent bile duct damage. However, recurrent symptoms and bile duct problems associated with the remaining gallbladder tissue may develop in patients over time. The case of a 45-year-old male who underwent laparoscopic partial cholecystectomy one year previously is presented here. In the postoperative period, as a result of tests for the continuing symptoms of cholecystitis, stones and surrounding abscess were detected in the remaining gallbladder tissue, so open completion cholecystectomy was applied...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944325/comparison-of-contrast-enhanced-ct-with-diffusion-weighted-mri-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-acute-biliary-pancreatitis
#20
Mehmet İlhan, Muhammet Üçüncü, Ali Fuat Kaan Gök, Gizem Öner, Elidor Agolli, Bahar Canbay, Barış Bakır, Recep Güloğlu, Cemalettin Ertekin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare contrast-enhanced computed tomography with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of patients with acute biliary pancreatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients diagnosed with acute biliary pancreatitis, between February 2012 and July 2015, were evaluated using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography to explain the elevation of cholestasis enzymes and bilirubin levels at "stanbul University...
2017: Turk J Surg
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