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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728328/reconstruction-of-large-facial-defects-via-excision-of-skin-cancer-using-two-or-more-regional-flaps
#1
Dong Min Lee, Yong Chan Bae, Su Bong Nam, Seong Hwan Bae, June Seok Choi
BACKGROUND: Free-flap surgery and skin grafting can be used to reconstruct large facial defects that may result after skin cancer removal by Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). However, these two methods may produce low postsurgical patient satisfaction with aesthetics, and free-flap surgery may produce an undue burden for the majority of skin cancer patients, who are of advanced age. Hence, the authors examined outcomes of large facial defect reconstruction using multiple flaps. METHODS: Among patients undergoing MMS for skin cancer at Pusan National University Hospital between January 2013 and December 2015, we evaluated 7 patients (2 males, 5 females; average age, 73...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728327/non-melanocytic-skin-cancers-of-the-head-and-neck-a-clinical-study-in-jeju-province
#2
Jae Kyoung Kang, Byung Min Yun, Jung-Kook Song, Myoung Soo Shin
BACKGROUND: Jeju Island is geographically and socioeconomically distinct from the mainland of South Korea. Thus, the presentation and management of non-melanocytic skin cancers (NMSC) of the head and neck may differ from those in other regions of the country. We compared the clinical characteristics and treatment modalities of NMSC on Jeju Island with the findings of similar regional studies. METHODS: Patient data, including age, sex, diagnosis, tumor site, treatment, and recurrence, were obtained from the medical and pathology records of patients diagnosed with NMSC between January 2010 and June 2015...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725249/two-years-results-of-electronic-brachytherapy-for-basal-cell-carcinoma
#3
Rosa Ballester-Sánchez, Olga Pons-Llanas, Cristian Candela-Juan, Blanca de Unamuno-Bustos, Francisco Javier Celada-Alvarez, Alejandro Tormo-Mico, Jose Perez-Calatayud, Rafael Botella-Estrada
PURPOSE: The use of radiation therapy (RT) for non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) has been changing throughout the last century. Over the last decades, the use of radiotherapy has surged with the development of new techniques, applicators, and devices. In recent years, electronic brachytherapy (eBT) devices that use small x-ray sources have been introduced as alternative to radionuclide dependence. Nowadays, several devices have been incorporated, with a few series reported, and with a short follow-up, due to the recent introduction of these systems...
June 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722451/-basal-cell-carcinoma-and-the-modalities-of-its-therapy
#4
Petr Arenberger, Jiří Ettler
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) also known as basalioma or basal cell cancer, is the most common skin cancer. BCC has a very low metastatic risk. This tumor can cause significant disfigurement by invading surrounding tissues. It occurs mainly in fair-skinned patients with a family history of this cancer. Sunlight is a factor in about two-thirds of these cancers. Standard surgical excision is the treatment of choice. Mohs micrographic surgery is an outpatient or inpatient procedure in which the tumor is surgically excised and then immediately examined under a microscope...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716738/photodynamic-therapy-and-pain-a-systematic-review
#5
Jennifer Maria Ang, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Muhammad Umar Kamal, Gyorgy Paragh, Nathalie C Zeitouni
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective treatment for actinic keratoses and early skin cancers, and the only office procedure to control field cancerization. Procedure-associated pain limits widespread PDT use and by early termination of treatment can decrease overall therapeutic efficacy. Here we review and assess reported interventions on PDT-associated pain, in order to identify the most promising methods to manage treatment-associated pain and identify focus for future studies. Literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library by two independent reviewers to select publications that assessed and compared pain quantitatively during PDT treatment for actinic keratoses, basal cell carcinomas, and/or in situ squamous cell carcinomas...
July 14, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713981/neuroendocrine-factors-the-missing-link-in-non%C3%A2-melanoma-skin-cancer-review
#6
Mihai Lupu, Ana Caruntu, Constantin Caruntu, Laura Maria Lucia Papagheorghe, Mihaela Adriana Ilie, Vlad Voiculescu, Daniel Boda, Constantin Carolina, Cristiana Tanase, Maria Sifaki, Nikolaos Drakoulis, Charalampos Mamoulakis, George Tzanakakis, Monica Neagu, Demetrios A Spandidos, Boris N Izotov, Aristides M Tsatsakis
Non‑melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common form of cancer worldwide, comprising 95% of all cutaneous malignancies and approximately 40% of all cancers. In spite of intensive efforts aimed towards awareness campaigns and sun‑protective measures, epidemiological data indicate an increase in the incidence of NMSC. This category of skin cancers has many common environmental triggers. Arising primarily on sun‑exposed skin, it has been shown that ultraviolet radiation is, in the majority of cases, the main trigger involved in the pathogenesis of NMSC...
July 13, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707459/nationwide-trends-in-the-incidence-of-melanoma-and-non-melanoma-skin-cancers-from-1999-to-2014-in-south-korea
#7
Chang-Mo Oh, Hyunsoon Cho, Young-Joo Won, Hyun-Joo Kong, Yun Ho Roh, Ki-Heon Jeong, Kyu-Won Jung
Purpose: This descriptive study was aimed to examine trends in the incidence of melanoma and non-melanoma in South Korea. Materials and Methods: The nationwide incidence data for melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer was obtained from the Korea Central Cancer Registry. Age-standardized rates were calculated and analyzed, using a joinpoint regression model. Results: The incidence of basal cell carcinoma has increased dramatically both in men (average annual percentage change [AAPC]: 8...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700773/association-of-multiple-primary-skin-cancers-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-cd4-count-and-viral-load
#8
Maryam M Asgari, G Thomas Ray, Charles P Quesenberry, Kenneth A Katz, Michael J Silverberg
Importance: Persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have a 2.8-fold higher risk than HIV-uninfected persons of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), defined as basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Individuals with a prior NMSC history are at increased risk for subsequent NMSC, but the magnitude of risk and its relation to HIV disease-related factors, including CD4 count and viral load (VL), are unknown. Objective: To better understand how laboratory markers currently used to evaluate HIV disease progression may be associated with subsequent NMSC risk...
July 12, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692322/the-use-of-lasers-in-the-treatment-of-skin-cancer-a-review
#9
Fatima N Mirza, Khalil A Khatri
BACKGROUND: In considering skin cancer, a number of factors - including effectiveness, simplicity of treatment, cost, and aesthetic outcomes - are important to ensure patient satisfaction. There are several existing interventions, such as electrodessication and curettage, excision, Mohs surgery, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, and topical/oral treatments. Laser therapy has emerged as a new promising alternative that should be explored. OBJECTIVE: To review the dermatologic literature on the use of laser therapy in the treatment of skin cancer...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684431/convergent-roles-of-atf3-and-csl-in-chromatin-control-of-cancer-associated-fibroblast-activation
#10
Dong Eun Kim, Maria-Giuseppina Procopio, Soumitra Ghosh, Seung-Hee Jo, Sandro Goruppi, Francesco Magliozzi, Pino Bordignon, Victor Neel, Paolo Angelino, G Paolo Dotto
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are important for tumor initiation and promotion. CSL, a transcriptional repressor and Notch mediator, suppresses CAF activation. Like CSL, ATF3, a stress-responsive transcriptional repressor, is down-modulated in skin cancer stromal cells, and Atf3 knockout mice develop aggressive chemically induced skin tumors with enhanced CAF activation. Even at low basal levels, ATF3 converges with CSL in global chromatin control, binding to few genomic sites at a large distance from target genes...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681396/association-of-atopy-and-tentative-diagnosis-of-skin-cancer-results-from-occupational-skin-cancer-screenings
#11
I Schäfer, P Mohr, N Zander, R Fölster-Holst, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: The relationship between atopic conditions and carcinoma of the skin has been described inconsistently. Population-based data providing information on atopic diseases as well as on skin-cancer are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between atopy and prevalence of precanceroses, nonmelanoma skin-cancer and malignant melanoma (MM), while taking into account known risk factors for skin cancer. METHODS: Data from occupational skin cancer screenings were analysed in a cross-sectional study...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676883/dermoscopy-confocal-microscopy-and-other-non-invasive-tools-for-the-diagnosis-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancers-and-other-skin-conditions
#12
Josep Malvehy, Giovanni Pellacani
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), including basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas, is the most common form of neoplasm. The incidence of NMSC is increasing worldwide. The cure rate is high with early detection and appropriate treatment. Visual examination is the first screening tool used by clinicians, but it is sometimes not sufficient to discriminate benign from malignant lesions. Skin biopsy with histopathology is the gold standard for differential diagnosis; however, this procedure is invasive and occasionally painful...
July 5, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676162/skin-and-composite-grafting-techniques-in-facial-reconstruction-for-skin-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Michael J Brenner, Jeffrey S Moyer
Skin and composite grafting provide effective resurfacing and reconstruction for cutaneous defects after excision of the malignancy. The goal is to restore a natural appearance and function while preventing distortion of the eyelid, nose, or lips. With careful planning and attention to aesthetic subunits, the surgeon can camouflage incisions and avoid blunting aesthetically sensitive sulci. The surgical plan is also informed by the pathology, as basal or squamous cell carcinomas removed by Mohs micrographic excision have different prognostic and logistical considerations from melanoma...
August 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676156/anatomy-of-the-skin-and-the-pathogenesis-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer
#14
REVIEW
William D Losquadro
Skin is composed of the epidermis, dermis, and adnexal structures. The epidermis is composed of 4 layers-the stratums basale, spinosum, granulosum, and corneum. The dermis is divided into a superficial papillary dermis and deeper reticular dermis. Collagen and elastin within the reticular dermis are responsible for skin tensile strength and elasticity, respectively. The 2 most common kinds of nonmelanoma skin cancers are basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma. Both are caused by a host of environmental and genetic factors, although UV light exposure is the single greatest predisposing factor...
August 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665855/lower-eyelid-reconstruction-after-ablation-of-skin-malignancies-how-far-can-we-get-in-a-single-stage-procedure
#15
Yordan Petrov Yordanov, Aylin Shef
: Reconstruction of full-thickness lower eyelid defects tends to be a devastating procedure, especially when big amount of tissue has to be removed because of oncological reasons. The applied techniques are mostly difficult to execute and multistaged, often require extensive dissection, and result in scarring and facial disfigurement.The aim of the present study is to demonstrate the authors' experience in single-staged reconstructions of full-thickness defects of the lower eyelid with local tissue only. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted identifying patients with postexcisional defects after skin cancer occurring in the lower eyelid, reconstructed in 1 stage...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661992/treatment-patterns-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction-of-primary-epidermally-limited-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer
#16
Benjamin A Drew, Pritesh S Karia, Ariana N Mora, Christine A Liang, Chrysalyne D Schmults
BACKGROUND: Epidermally limited nonmelanoma skin cancer (ELNMSC) (superficial basal cell carcinoma [SBCC] and squamous cell carcinoma in situ [SCCIS]) is common. Data on outcomes and patient satisfaction are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine treatment efficacy and satisfaction in ELNMSC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of adults with primary SBCC or SCCIS. A 25% random subset completed a satisfaction questionnaire. RESULTS: Five hundred and fifty patients with 227 SBCC and 451 SCCIS were included; 329 tumors (49%) were treated with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) and 349 (51%) with non-MMS (imiquimod [n = 26], 5% 5-fluorouracil [n = 234], ingenol mebutate [n = 32], or cryotherapy [n = 57])...
June 28, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658338/profile-of-skin-cancer-in-pomeranian-communities-of-the-state-of-esp%C3%A3-rito-santo
#17
Patrícia Henriques Lyra Frasson, Danilo Schwab Duque, Estanrley Barcelos Pinto, Giulia Cerutti Dalvi, Sammy Zogheib Madalon, Tarcizo Afonso Nunes, Paulo Roberto Merçon DE-Vargas
Objectives: to evaluate the profile of skin cancer in Pomeranian communities of the State of Espírito Santo, composed of descendants of European immigrants, regarding gender and age at diagnosis, lesion size and histological type. Method: we studied histopathological reports of 3,781 patients operated between 2000 and 2010, with resection of 4,881 lesions. We assessed histological type, lesion size, age and gender of the patients at diagnosis and their correlations in the 11-year period...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654579/detection-of-high-risk-histologic-features-and-tumor-upstaging-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancers-on-debulk-analysis-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#18
Babu Singh, Adriana Dorelles, Nellie Konnikov, Bichchau M Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Histologic analysis of tumor debulks from Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) or wide local excision may lead to the detection of adverse features missed on initial biopsy. OBJECTIVE: Determine the incidence of (1) high-risk features on debulk analysis compared with initial biopsy and (2) upstaging of tumors on debulk analysis according to the American Joint Committee of Cancer-7th Edition (AJCC-7) and the Brigham and Women's Alternative (BWH) staging criteria...
June 28, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654578/microcystic-adnexal-carcinoma-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Shayna Gordon, Caroline Fischer, Ann Martin, Ilana S Rosman, M Laurin Council
BACKGROUND: Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) is a rare, locally aggressive cutaneous neoplasm that commonly occurs on the face. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to comprehensively review the current literature on MAC pertaining to epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, histology, immunohistochemistry, prognosis, follow-up, and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive literature review was conducted using OVID MEDLINE and PubMed to identify articles relating to MAC...
June 23, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654000/long-lived-epidermal-cancer-initiating-cells
#20
REVIEW
Marina Youssef, Andrew Cuddihy, Charbel Darido
Non-melanomatous skin cancers (NMSCs), which include basal and squamous cell carcinoma (BCC and SCC respectively), represent a significant burden on the population, as well as an economic load to the health care system; yet treatments of these preventable cancers remain ineffective. Studies estimate that there has been a 2-fold increase in the incidence of NMSCs between the 1960s and 1980s. The increase in cases of NMSCs, as well as the lack of effective treatments, makes the need for novel therapeutic approaches all the more necessary...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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