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Alveolar regeneration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024920/chitosan-hydroxyapatite-ha-hydroxypropylmethyl-cellulose-hpmc-spongy-scaffolds-synthesis-and-evaluation-as-potential-alveolar-bone-substitutes
#1
Haffsah Iqbal, Moazzam Ali, Rabia Zeeshan, Zeeshan Mutahir, Farasat Iqbal, Muhammad Azhar Hayat Nawaz, Lubna Shahzadi, Aqif Anwar Chaudhry, Muhammad Yar, Shifang Luan, Ather Farooq Khan, Ihtesham-Ur Rehman
Alveolar bone loss is associated with infections and its augmentation is a pre-requisite for the success of dental implants. In present study, we aim to develop and evaluate novel freeze dried doxycycline loaded chitosan (CS)/hydroxyapatite (HA) spongy scaffolds where hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC) was added as a crosslinker. Scaffolds displayed compressive strength of 14MPa/cm(3) and 0.34 as elastic response. The interconnected pore diameter was 41-273μm, favorably provided the template supporting cells and transport...
October 4, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020507/custom-repair-of-mandibular-bone-defects-with-3d-printed-bioceramic-scaffolds
#2
H Shao, M Sun, F Zhang, A Liu, Y He, J Fu, X Yang, H Wang, Z Gou
Implanting artificial biomaterial implants into alveolar bone defects with individual shape and appropriate mechanical strength is still a challenge. In this study, bioceramic scaffolds, which can precisely match the mandibular defects in macro and micro, were manufactured by the 3-dimensional (3D) printing technique according to the computed tomography (CT) image. To evaluate the stimulatory effect of the material substrate on bone tissue regeneration in situ in a rabbit mandibular alveolar bone defect model, implants made with the newly developed, mechanically strong ~10% Mg-substituted wollastonite (Ca90%Mg10%SiO3; CSi-Mg10) were fabricated, implanted into the bone defects, and compared with implants made with the typical Ca-phosphate and Ca-silicate porous bioceramics, such as β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP), wollastonite (CaSiO3; CSi), and bredigite (Bred)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018818/the-mechanical-properties-and-biometrical-effect-of-3d-preformed-titanium-membrane-for-guided-bone-regeneration-on-alveolar-bone-defect
#3
So-Hyoun Lee, Jong-Hoon Moon, Chang-Mo Jeong, Eun-Bin Bae, Chung-Eun Park, Gye-Rok Jeon, Jin-Ju Lee, Young-Chan Jeon, Jung-Bo Huh
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of three-dimensional preformed titanium membrane (3D-PFTM) to enhance mechanical properties and ability of bone regeneration on the peri-implant bone defect. 3D-PFTMs by new mechanically compressive molding technology and manually shaped- (MS-) PFTMs by hand manipulation were applied in artificial peri-implant bone defect model for static compressive load test and cyclic fatigue load test. In 12 implants installed in the mandibular of three beagle dogs, six 3D-PFTMs, and six collagen membranes (CM) randomly were applied to 2...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980856/cryogel-scaffolds-from-patient-specific-3d-printed-molds-for-personalized-tissue-engineered-bone-regeneration-in-pediatric-cleft-craniofacial-defects
#4
Katherine R Hixon, Alexa M Melvin, Alexander Y Lin, Andrew F Hall, Scott A Sell
Bone defects are extremely common in children with cleft-craniofacial conditions, especially those with alveolar cleft defects and cranial defects. This study used patient-specific 3D-printed molds derived from computed tomography and cryogel scaffold fabrication as a proof of concept for the creation of site-specific implants for bone reconstruction. Cryogel scaffolds are unique tissue-engineered constructs formed at sub-zero temperatures. When thawed, the resulting structure is macroporous, sponge-like, and mechanically durable...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968964/preclinical-testing-of-the-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3%C3%AE-inhibitor-tideglusib-for-rhabdomyosarcoma
#5
Narendra Bharathy, Matthew N Svalina, Teagan P Settelmeyer, Megan M Cleary, Noah E Berlow, Susan D Airhart, Sunny Xiang, James Keck, James B Hayden, Jack F Shern, Atiya Mansoor, Melvin Lathara, Ganapati Srinivasa, David M Langenau, Charles Keller
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common childhood soft tissue sarcoma. RMS often arise from myogenic precursors and displays a poorly differentiated skeletal muscle phenotype most closely resembling regenerating muscle. GSK3β is a ubiquitously expressed serine-threonine kinase capable of repressing the terminal myogenic differentiation program in cardiac and skeletal muscle. Recent unbiased chemical screening efforts have prioritized GSK3β inhibitors as inducers of myodifferentiation in RMS, suggesting efficacy as single agents in suppressing growth and promoting self-renewal in zebrafish transgenic embryonal RMS (eRMS) models in vivo...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965766/differentiation-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cells-into-functional-lung-alveolar-epithelial-cells
#6
Anjali Jacob, Michael Morley, Finn Hawkins, Katherine B McCauley, J C Jean, Hillary Heins, Cheng-Lun Na, Timothy E Weaver, Marall Vedaie, Killian Hurley, Anne Hinds, Scott J Russo, Seunghyi Kook, William Zacharias, Matthias Ochs, Katrina Traber, Lee J Quinton, Ana Crane, Brian R Davis, Frances V White, Jennifer Wambach, Jeffrey A Whitsett, F Sessions Cole, Edward E Morrisey, Susan H Guttentag, Michael F Beers, Darrell N Kotton
Lung alveoli, which are unique to air-breathing organisms, have been challenging to generate from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) in part because there are limited model systems available to provide the necessary developmental roadmaps for in vitro differentiation. Here we report the generation of alveolar epithelial type 2 cells (AEC2s), the facultative progenitors of lung alveoli, from human PSCs. Using multicolored fluorescent reporter lines, we track and purify human SFTPC+ alveolar progenitors as they emerge from endodermal precursors in response to stimulation of Wnt and FGF signaling...
October 5, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953728/three-dimensional-cone-beam-computed-tomography-volumetric-outcomes-of-rhbmp-2-demineralized-bone-matrix-versus-iliac-crest-bone-graft-for-alveolar-cleft-reconstruction
#7
Fan Liang, Stephen L-K Yen, Thomas Imahiyerobo, Luke Sanborn, Leia Yen, Daniel Yen, Sheila Nazarian, Breanna Jedrzejewski, Mark Urata, Jeffrey Hammoudeh
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate that recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in a demineralized bone matrix scaffold is a comparable alternative to iliac bone autograft in the setting of secondary alveolar cleft repair. Postreconstruction occlusal radiographs demonstrate improved bone stock when rhBMP-2/demineralized bone matrix (DBM) scaffold is used but lack the capacity to evaluate bone growth in three dimensions. This study uses cone beam computed tomography to provide the first clinical evaluation of volumetric and density comparisons between these two treatment modalities...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938035/guided-bone-regeneration-with-collagen-membranes-and-particulate-graft-materials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Bastian Wessing, Stefan Lettner, Werner Zechner
PURPOSE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate different methods for guided bone regeneration using collagen membranes and particulate grafting materials in implant dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic database search and hand search were performed for all relevant articles dealing with guided bone regeneration in implant dentistry published between 1980 and 2014. Only randomized clinical trials and prospective controlled studies were included...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936043/the-potential-of-mangosteen-garcinia-mangostana-peel-extract-combined-with-demineralized-freeze-dried-bovine-bone-xenograft-to-reduce-ridge-resorption-and-alveolar-bone-regeneration-in-preserving-the-tooth-extraction-socket
#9
Utari Kresnoadi, Maretaningtias Dwi Ariani, Eha Djulaeha, Nike Hendrijantini
BACKGROUND: Following the extraction of a tooth, bone resorption can cause significant problems for a subsequent denture implant and restorative dentistry. Thus, the tooth extraction socket needs to be maintained to reduce the chance of any alveolar ridge bone resorption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine whether the administration of mangosteen peel extracts (MPEs), combined with demineralized freeze-dried bovine bone xenograft (DFBBX) materials for tooth extraction socket preservation, could potentially reduce inflammation by decreased the expression of nuclear factor κβ (NfKb) and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κβ ligand (RANKL), to inhibit alveolar bone resorption, and increased of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2) expressions to accelerate alveolar bone regeneration...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893226/effect-of-periodontitis-on-the-development-of-osteoporosis-results-from-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-2003-2013
#10
Jung-Kyu Choi, Young-Taek Kim, Hye-In Kweon, Eun-Cheol Park, Seong-Ho Choi, Jae-Hong Lee
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of osteoporosis associated with the aging process is anticipated to increase along with the rising aging population. Periodontitis that the most common chronic infections of humankind is considered the risk factor for osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to identify the association between osteoporosis and periodontitis using a population-based cohort. METHODS: The case group was defined as patients diagnosed with periodontitis and treated with subgingival curettage, root conditioning, periodontal flap operation, bone grafting for alveolar bone defects, and guided tissue regeneration...
September 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893049/comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-bioactive-ceramic-composite-granules-alone-and-in-combination-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-the-treatment-of-mandibular-class-ii-furcation-defects-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#11
Hima S Lohi, Dilip G Nayak, Ashita S Uppoor
INTRODUCTION: Predictable closure of furcation defects with bone grafts, Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) and a combination of the two has remained an elusive goal so far. Hence, evaluation of biomimetic agents as candidate technologies for periodontal regeneration merit due consideration. In this study, Choukroun's Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF), a second generation platelet concentrate, is combined with bone graft to examine if the addition enhances the therapeutic potential of bone graft in the management of Class II furcation defects...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891903/the-effectiveness-of-oxidized-regenerated-cellulose-as-a-graft-material-in-transalveolar-osteotome-sinus-lift-procedure
#12
Laith A Hussein, Thair A L Hassan
The posterior maxilla is challenged with postextraction alveolar bone resorption and pneumatization drive of the Schneiderian membrane that reduces the subantral distance. To overcome such anatomic obstacle a sinus augmentation procedure was introduced either via lateral or crestal approach depending on residual ridge height. The current study evaluated oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) as a grafting material versus osteon II by measuring bone gain and graft density, 24 weeks postoperatively. Twenty consecutive patients (24 cases) aged from 20 to 65 years were considered eligible after clinical and radiographic evaluation...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889194/functions-of-periostin-in-dental-tissues-and-its-role-in-periodontal-tissues-regeneration
#13
REVIEW
Juan Du, Minqi Li
The goal of periodontal regenerative therapy is to predictably restore the tooth's supporting periodontal tissues and form a new connective tissue attachment of periodontal ligament (PDL) fibers and new alveolar bone. Periostin is a matricellular protein so named for its expression primarily in the periosteum and PDL of adult mice. Its biological functions have been widely studied in areas such as cardiovascular physiology and oncology. Despite being initially identified in the dental tissues and bone, investigations of Periostin functions in PDL and alveolar-bone-related physiopathology are less abundant...
September 9, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886383/anatomically-and-functionally-distinct-lung-mesenchymal-populations-marked-by-lgr5-and-lgr6
#14
Joo-Hyeon Lee, Tuomas Tammela, Matan Hofree, Jinwook Choi, Nemanja Despot Marjanovic, Seungmin Han, David Canner, Katherine Wu, Margherita Paschini, Dong Ha Bhang, Tyler Jacks, Aviv Regev, Carla F Kim
The diversity of mesenchymal cell types in the lung that influence epithelial homeostasis and regeneration is poorly defined. We used genetic lineage tracing, single-cell RNA sequencing, and organoid culture approaches to show that Lgr5 and Lgr6, well-known markers of stem cells in epithelial tissues, are markers of mesenchymal cells in the adult lung. Lgr6(+) cells comprise a subpopulation of smooth muscle cells surrounding airway epithelia and promote airway differentiation of epithelial progenitors via Wnt-Fgf10 cooperation...
September 7, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875278/investigation-of-peri-implant-tissue-conditions-and-peri-implant-tissue-stability-in-implants-placed-with-simultaneous-augmentation-procedure-a-3-year-retrospective-follow-up-analysis-of-a-newly-developed-bone-level-implant-system
#15
Jonas Lorenz, Henriette Lerner, Robert A Sader, Shahram Ghanaati
BACKGROUND: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) has been proven to be a reliable therapy to regenerate missing bone in cases of atrophy of the alveolar crest. The aim of the present retrospective analysis was to assess peri-implant tissue conditions and document peri-implant tissue stability in C-Tech implants when placed simultaneously with a GBR augmentation procedure. METHODS: A total of 47 implants, which were placed simultaneously with a GBR procedure with a synthetic bone substitute material in 20 patients, were investigated clinically and radiologically at least 3 years after loading...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870647/comparison-between-autogenous-iliac-bone-and-freeze-dried-bone-allograft-for-repair-of-alveolar-clefts-in-the-presence-of-plasma-rich-in-growth-factors-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Gholamreza Shirani, Amir J Abbasi, Simin Z Mohebbi, Mohammad Moharrami
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of alveolar cleft repair using iliac bone and freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA) in the presence of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with unilateral alveolar cleft (n = 32) were randomly allocated to either the iliac plus PRGF group or the FDBA plus PRGF group. CBCT images were obtained before and 6 months after the surgery to assess the regenerated bone volume. Paired t-tests and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were applied to analyze the data using SPSS 16...
October 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863881/does-guided-bone-regeneration-prevent-unfavorable-bone-shapes-in-distraction-gap
#17
Umut Demetoglu, Alper Alkan, Erdem Kiliç, Mustafa Ozturk, Suheyb Bilge
PURPOSE: Complications related to distraction osteogenesis can cause degradation of newly regenerated bone. Additionally, an unfavorable shape of the regenerated bone at the distraction gap can reduce the quantity of regenerated bone. The aim of the present study was to report on the prevention of unfavorable shapes of regenerated bone using guided bone regeneration during distraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bilateral alveolar distraction was performed in 10 beagle dog mandibles...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862325/platelet-rich-fibrin-aspirin-complex-promotes-alveolar-bone-regeneration-in-periodontal-defect-in-rats
#18
J Du, S Mei, L Guo, Y Su, H Wang, Y Liu, Z Zhao, S Wang, Y Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The efficacy and outcomes of aspirin in local defects and the use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in periodontal defects were investigated. Whether the PRF/aspirin complex is a suitable scaffold and delivery system to carry sustained-release aspirin/salicylic acid to promote periodontal bone regeneration was determined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PRF and PRF/aspirin complex were prepared. The concentrations of aspirin/salicylic acid released from the PRF/aspirin complex were calculated at 37°C...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835018/effect-of-fgf-2-tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-bmps-on-teno-ligamentogenesis-and-osteo-cementogenesis-of-human-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells
#19
Sun-Yi Hyun, Ji-Hye Lee, Kyung-Jung Kang, Young-Joo Jang
The periodontal ligament (PDL) is the connective tissue between tooth root and alveolar bone containing mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). It has been suggested that human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) differentiate into osteo/cementoblast and ligament progenitor cells. The periodontitis is a representative oral disease where the PDL tissue is collapsed, and regeneration of this tissue is important in periodontitis therapy. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) stimulates proliferation and differentiation of fibroblastic MSCs into various cell lineages...
August 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834387/evaluation-of-a-platelet-lysate-bi-layered-system-for-periodontal-regeneration-in-a-rat-intrabony-3-wall-periodontal-defect
#20
Pedro S Babo, Xinjie Cai, Adelina S Plachokova, Rui L Reis, John Jansen, Manuela E Gomes, X Frank Walboomers
With currently available therapies, full regeneration of lost periodontal tissues after periodontitis cannot be achieved. In this study, a combined compartmentalized system was tested, composed of (1) a platelet lysate (PL)-based construct, which was placed along the root aiming to regenerate the root cementum and periodontal ligament, and (2) a calcium phosphate cement composite incorporated with hyaluronic acid microspheres loaded with PL, aiming to promote the regeneration of alveolar bone. This bi-layered system was assessed in a 3-wall periodontal defect in Wistar rats...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
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