keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alveolar regeneration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652608/immunomodulatory-role-of-stem-cell-from-human-exfoliated-deciduous-teeth-on-periodontal-regeneration
#1
Xianling Gao, Zongshan Shen, Meiliang Guan, Qiting Huang, Lingling Chen, Wei Qin, Xiaohu Ge, Haijia Chen, Yin Xiao, Zhengmei Lin
Periodontitis is initiated by the infection of periodontal bacteria and subsequent tissue inflammation due to immunoreaction, eventually leading to periodontal apparatus loss. Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) have exhibited beneficial characteristics in dental tissue regeneration. However, the immunomodulatory functions of SHEDs have not been elucidated in the context of periodontitis treatment. In this study, we investigated the potential immunomodulatory effects of SHEDs on experimental periodontitis and demonstrated that multi-dose delivery of SHEDs led to periodontal tissue regeneration...
March 20, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601661/recent-advances-in-gene-enhanced-bone-tissue-engineering
#2
REVIEW
Volker M Betz, Stefan Kochanek, Stefan Rammelt, Peter E Müller, Oliver B Betz, Carolin Messmer
AIMS: The loss of bone tissue represents a critical clinical condition that is frequently faced by surgeons. Substantial progress has been made in the area of bone research providing insight into the biology of bone at physiological and pathological conditions and also tools for the stimulation of bone regeneration. The aim of this review article was to discuss recent advances in the field of gene-enhanced bone tissue engineering. DISCUSSION: Gene transfer strategies have emerged as highly effective tissue engineering approaches to support the repair of the musculoskeletal system...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599585/simvastatin-effects-on-dental-socket-quality-a-comparative-study
#3
Mehdi Sezavar, Behnam Bohlouli, Sareh Farhadi, Shiva Tabatabaee, Reza Latifi
Background: The shrinkage of the alveolar ridge might be minimized by the ridge preservation stages and applied alloplasts, after tooth extraction. According to studies on statins, angiogenesis and osteogenesis are observed as a topical application of these drugs. Objectives: The aim of this study is to the application of simvastatin in terms of bone regeneration of the alveolar ridge after tooth extraction. Materials and Methods: This study assessed this issue through the split-mouth method which assessed 10 dental sockets filled with simvastatin and collagen and 10 others filled just by collagen postextraction...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565801/mesenchymal-stem-cells-of-dental-origin-for-inducing-tissue-regeneration-in-periodontitis-a-mini-review
#4
REVIEW
Beatriz Hernández-Monjaraz, Edelmiro Santiago-Osorio, Alberto Monroy-García, Edgar Ledesma-Martínez, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
Periodontitis is a chronic disease that begins with a period of inflammation of the supporting tissues of the teeth table and then progresses, destroying the tissues until loss of the teeth occurs. The restoration of the damaged dental support apparatus is an extremely complex process due to the regeneration of the cementum, the periodontal ligament, and the alveolar bone. Conventional treatment relies on synthetic materials that fill defects and replace lost dental tissue, but these approaches are not substitutes for a real regeneration of tissue...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557389/relationship-of-distraction-rate-with-inferior-alveolar-nerve-degeneration-regeneration-shift
#5
Ying-Hua Zhao, Shi-Jian Zhang, Zi-Hui Yang, Xiao-Chang Liu, De-Lin Lei, Jing Li, Lei Wang
Distraction osteogenesis is an important technique for the treatment of maxillofacial abnormities and defects. However, distraction osteogenesis may cause the injury of the inferior alveolar nerve. The relationship between distraction rate and nerve degeneration-regeneration shift remains poorly understood. In this study, 24 rabbits were randomly divided into four groups. To establish the rabbit mandibular distraction osteogenesis model, the mandibles of rabbits in distraction osteogenesis groups were subjected to continuous osteogenesis distraction at a rate of 1...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556463/role-of-turmeric-in-management-of-alveolar-osteitis-dry-socket-a-randomised-clinical-study
#6
Parveen Akhter Lone, Syed Wakeel Ahmed, Vivek Prasad, Bashir Ahmed
Plants & their extracts have immense potential for the management or treatment of the wounds. The pyhto medicines for the wound healing are not only cheap & affordable but are purportedly safe as hypersensitivity reactions are rarely encountered with the use of these agents, these natural agents induce healing & regeneration of the lost tissue by multiple mechanisms Turmeric commonly is called as Haldi in Hindi. C Longa has been reported to possess anti bacterial, anti fungal & anti inflammatory activities...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556458/tentpole-technique-for-bone-regeneration-in-vertically-deficient-alveolar-ridges-a-prospective-study
#7
Dipti Daga, Divya Mehrotra, Shadab Mohammad, Shaleen Chandra, Geeta Singh, Divya Mehrotra
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to qualitatively and quantitatively assess bone regeneration potential of tentpole technique using beta tricalcium phosphate bone graft in vertically deficient alveolar ridges. Materials and Method: This prospective study comprised of 20 patients with vertically deficient alveolar ridges, wherein thirty one implants were placed. Tenting of the soft tissue matrix was done using titanium screws and beta tricalcium phosphate synthetic bone graft was filled in the vertical defect...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556455/can-corticotomy-with-or-without-bone-grafting-expand-the-limits-of-safe-orthodontic-therapy
#8
Federico Brugnami, Alfonso Caiazzo, Pushkar Mehra
Purpose: To assess whether concomitant particulate bone grafting makes a difference in the ability to safely orthodontically reposition teeth outside the bony envelope after corticotomy. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis of patients who underwent corticotomy as part of their orthodontic therapy for treatment of severe crowding. Patients were divided as: a) Group 1: corticotomy with bone grafting, and, b) Group 2: corticotomy without bone grafting. CT scan examinations were performed before and at the end of the treatment...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543928/injectable-bone-substitute-material-on-the-basis-of-%C3%AE-tcp-and-hyaluronan-achieves-complete-bone-regeneration-while-undergoing-nearly-complete-degradation
#9
Jonas Lorenz, Mike Barbeck, Charles James Kirkpatrick, Robert Sader, Henriette Lerner, Shahram Ghanaati
PURPOSE: In this prospective study, the regenerative potential and pathways of a new injectable bone substitute (IBS) material composed of beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and hyaluronan were investigated for its application in alveolar bone regeneration within extraction sockets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bone substitute material was implanted in 44 extraction sockets after removal of teeth not worth preserving in the maxillary and mandibular arches of 21 patients...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543041/neuropilin-1and-platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptors-cooperatively-regulate-intermediate-filaments-and-mesenchymal-cell-migration-during-alveolar-septation
#10
Stephen E McGowan, Diann M McCoy
Secondary alveolar septa are mostly generated after birth in humans and in mice this is completely accomplished postnatally, when mechanical stresses vary as airspace pressure oscillates. Alveolar mesenchymal cells deposit elastic fibers which limit cellular strain, but while the elastic fiber network is incomplete, this function is also served by the intracellular cytoskeleton. Intermediate filament proteins support deformation during cellular division and migration, which occur during septal elongation. Because platelet-derived growth factor-alpha (PDGFRα) signaling is essential for alveolar septation, we hypothesized that neuropilin-1 (NRP1) may link PDGFRα to cytoskeletal deformation...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529906/localized-ridge-augmentation-in-the-anterior-maxilla-using-titanium-mesh-an-alloplast-and-a-nano-bone-graft-a-case-report
#11
Adel S Alagl, Marwa Madi
Alveolar ridge deficiency is considered a major limitation for successful implant placement, as well as for the long-term success rate, especially in the anterior maxillary region. Various approaches have been developed to increase bone volume. Among those approaches, inlay and onlay grafts, alveolar ridge distraction, and guided bone regeneration have been suggested. The use of titanium mesh is a reliable method for ridge augmentation. We describe a patient who presented with a localized, combined, horizontal and vertical ridge defect in the anterior maxilla...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511365/scaps-regulate-differentiation-of-dfscs-during-tooth-root-development-in-swine
#12
Xiaoshan Wu, Lei Hu, Yan Li, Yang Li, Fu Wang, Ping Ma, Jinsong Wang, Chunmei Zhang, Canhua Jiang, Songlin Wang
The tooth root transmits and balances occlusal forces through the periodontium to the alveolar bone. The periodontium, including the gingiva, the periodontal ligament, the cementum and the partial alveolar bone, derives from the dental follicle (DF), except for the gingiva. In the early developmental stages, the DF surrounds the tooth germ as a sphere and functions to promote tooth eruption. However, the morphological dynamics and factors regulating the differentiation of the DF during root elongation remain largely unknown...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509293/response-of-periodontium-to-mta-and-biodentine-a-pilot-histological-study-on-humans
#13
F Tirone, S Salzano, A Piattelli, V Perrotti, G Iezzi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate for the first time the histological response of periodontium to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Biodentine in human experimental models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patients scheduled for implant full-arch rehabilitation via the all-on-4 technique were randomly assigned to one of the two test groups: either to MTA or Biodentine treatment. For each patient, 2 teeth scheduled for strategic extraction were randomly assigned either to the test or to the control treatment...
March 6, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508445/esthetics-in-periodontics-and-implantology
#14
REVIEW
Giovanni Zucchelli, Sharma Praveen, Ilham Mounssif
Periodontal plastic surgery comprises an increasing part of clinical periodontology. Clinical trials have traditionally used professionals to judge esthetic outcome, and few studies have addressed patient needs and requests (true end points). Development of universally accepted and validated methods for professional esthetic assessment, together with standardized questionnaires for patient-perceived outcome, may help to provide better insights into the true needs and benefits of periodontal and implant-associated plastic surgery...
March 5, 2018: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490760/aligned-fibers-fabricated-by-near-field-electrospinning-influence-the-orientation-and-differentiation-of-hpdlscs-for-periodontal-regeneration
#15
Shuangshuang Ren, Yingfang Yao, He Zhang, Ruirui Fan, Yijun Yu, Jie Yang, Rui Zhang, Chao Liu, Weibin Sun, Leiying Miao
The periodontal ligament (PDL) is a specific connective tissue composed of organized and aligned collagenous fibers that fix the tooth root in the alveolar bone. The alignment of PDL fibers and their function have been neglected in the past, as many studies investigated the regeneration of the periodontium, including alveolar bone and cementum regeneration. In this study, we fabricated biodegradable aligned fibers (ε-caprolactone/collagen) by near-field electrospinning (NFE) to control the arrangement of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs), aiming to guide the oriented regeneration of the periodontal ligament...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489752/regeneration-of-the-lung-alveolus-by-an-evolutionarily-conserved-epithelial-progenitor
#16
William J Zacharias, David B Frank, Jarod A Zepp, Michael P Morley, Farrah A Alkhaleel, Jun Kong, Su Zhou, Edward Cantu, Edward E Morrisey
Functional tissue regeneration is required for the restoration of normal organ homeostasis after severe injury. Some organs, such as the intestine, harbour active stem cells throughout homeostasis and regeneration; more quiescent organs, such as the lung, often contain facultative progenitor cells that are recruited after injury to participate in regeneration. Here we show that a Wnt-responsive alveolar epithelial progenitor (AEP) lineage within the alveolar type 2 cell population acts as a major facultative progenitor cell in the distal lung...
February 28, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487751/alveolar-ridge-preservation-using-a-novel-synthetic-grafting-material-a-case-with-two-year-follow-up
#17
Peter Fairbairn, Minas Leventis, Chas Mangham, Robert Horowitz
This case report highlights the use of a novel in situ hardening synthetic (alloplastic), resorbable, bone grafting material composed of beta tricalcium phosphate and calcium sulfate, for alveolar ridge preservation. A 35-year-old female patient was referred by her general dentist for extraction of the mandibular right first molar and rehabilitation of the site with a dental implant. The nonrestorable tooth was "atraumatically" extracted without raising a flap, and the socket was immediately grafted with the synthetic biomaterial and covered with a hemostatic fleece...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483732/-evaluation-of-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-as-a-regular-test-before-and-after-periodontal-regenerative-surgery
#18
J Cao, H X Meng
OBJECTIVE: To test the accuracy and credibility of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) on measuring the height and volume of alveolar bone defects before periodontal regeneration surgery. By comparing the bone density measured by CBCT before and after the operation, the time to evaluate the efficacy of the periodontal regenerative surgery would be determined. METHODS: Periodontal regenerative surgeries were performed on three-wall bone defects of ten teeth in nine patients...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480633/the-distinctive-jaw-and-alveolar-bone-regeneration
#19
S O Akintoye
The skeletal system is structurally and functionally unique. It can be referred to as connective tissue that lost its ability to resist mineralization as mineralization in any other connective tissues is heterotopic. In addition to providing support for muscular attachments, the skeletal system protects nerves and harbors the hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem cells within the bone marrow compartment. However, there are distinct phenotypic and functional differences between the orofacial skeleton compared to axial and appendicular skeleton...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478252/vertical-ridge-augmentation-in-the-esthetic-zone
#20
REVIEW
Isabella Rocchietta, Luca Ferrantino, Massimo Simion
The reconstruction of deficient alveolar ridges using vertical and/or horizontal guided bone regeneration techniques allows for ideal implant placement, which is crucial for function and also for esthetically successful outcomes. Unlike in the past, when meeting a patient's functional demands was sufficient, many patients now have greater expectations from their implant restoration. Hence, it is no longer enough simply to restore the edentulous space with a functioning tooth or teeth. It has been suggested that patients now measure their final restoration using the contralateral natural tooth as the gold standard...
February 25, 2018: Periodontology 2000
keyword
keyword
67465
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"