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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343187/-hormonal-contraception-use-in-social-and-psychological-context
#1
Aleksandra Grzybek, Kamilla Bargiel-Matusiewicz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this article is to consider, form psychological point of view, hormonal contraception and its effects on women's body and health. Beliefs and decisions of young women in this area are the main plane of these analyzes. This study reflects on their motivations to use or not to use hormonal contraception and rate its influence on their body. It was also verified, if there is any difference in self-esteem between women who use and who do not use hormonal contraception...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342988/an-anti-inflammatory-dietary-intervention-to-reduce-breast-cancer-recurrence-risk-study-design-and-baseline-data
#2
Amelie G Ramirez, Dorothy Long Parma, Edgar Muñoz, Kristin D Mendoza, Crystel Harb, Alan E C Holden, Michael Wargovich
U.S. breast cancer survivors (BCSs) are expected to increase to 4 million in the next 5-10years. Cancer recurrence risk is highest among obese survivors. Inflammatory (Pro-I) biomarkers including C-reactive protein (CRP), Interleukins -3, -6, and -8 (IL-3, IL-6, IL-8), and Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-α have been associated with cancer recurrence risk. Nutritional interventions aimed at reducing inflammation (INF) may contribute to reduced cancer recurrence risk, but studies have been limited to animal models...
March 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342948/waist-hip-ratio-better-predicts-development-of-severe-liver-disease-within-20-years-than-body-mass-index-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Anna Andreasson, Axel C Carlsson, Kristina Önnerhag, Hannes Hagström
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Obesity, commonly assessed based on body mass index (BMI), is associated with an increased risk for severe liver disease. It is not known if other measures of body composition are better determinants of risk for severe liver disease, and or if these differ between women and men. We investigated the body composition measures that best predict the development of severe liver disease. METHODS: We collected data from the Malmö Diet and Cancer study in Sweden, comprising 16,784 women and 10,833 (mean age, 58...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342730/the-association-of-dietary-inflammatory-potential-with-depression-and-mental-well-being-among-u-s-adults
#4
Rachel S Bergmans, Kristen M Malecki
Current treatment for depression is not considered effective among all cases and, thus far, nutritional protocols are minimal within depression treatment guidelines. Recently, there has been increasing interest in a possible protective and modifiable role of diet in common mental disorders, including depression, due to pro- and anti-inflammatory properties of nutrients. This study aims to investigate whether the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), designed to estimate the inflammatory potential of diet, is associated with depression and other measures of mental health...
March 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340516/markers-of-dietary-protein-intake-are-associated-with-successful-weight-loss-in-the-pounds-lost-trial
#5
G A Bray, D H Ryan, W Johnson, C M Champagne, C M Johnson, J Rood, D A Williamson, F M Sacks
To assess the association of markers for dietary protein intake, measures of dietary adherence and demographic variables with weight loss in the POUNDS Lost study over the first 6 months and again between 6 and 24 months using data from those who completed each period. This is a secondary analysis of pooled data on completers assigned to one of four diets: 65%C/15%P/20%F (AP/LF), 55%C/25%P/20%F (HP/LF), 45%C/15%P/40%F (AP/HF) or 35%C/25%P40%F (HP/HF) in the POUNDS Lost study. Urinary nitrogen excretion, dietary adherence measured by 24-h recall and attendance at sessions, age (above and below 50 years), gender, race/ethnicity and activity by pedometry were analysed...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340515/inflammatory-potential-of-diet-and-risk-of-oral-and-pharyngeal-cancer-in-a-large-case-control-study-from-italy
#6
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Valentina Rosato, Werner Garavello, Diego Serraino, Carlo La Vecchia
Diet and inflammation have been suggested to be important risk factors for oral and pharyngeal cancer. We examined the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and oral and pharyngeal cancer in a large case-control study conducted between 1992 and 2009 in Italy. This study included 946 cases with incident, histologically confirmed oral and pharyngeal cancer, and 2492 controls hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases. The DII was computed based on dietary intake assessed by a valid 78-item food frequency questionnaire and was adjusted for non-alcohol energy intake using the residual approach (E-DII)...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340461/tracing-biomarker-of-pah-exposure-and-susceptibility-factor-gstm-polymorphism-among-cancer-patients-in-pakistan
#7
Muhammad Yasir Abdur Rehman, Atif Kamal, Malik Mumtaz Taqi, Riffat Naseem Malik
We studied cancer patients for possible PAH exposure, using urinary concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) as a biomarker of internal dose of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The subjects included in this study belonged to various socio-demographic backgrounds, and were diagnosed with cancer (i.e. lung, head and neck or digestive tract cancer). In general, we observed high concentration of urinary 1-OHP among digestive tract cancer patients, compared with the controls (CN) (mean 1.06, median 1.03 and mean 0...
March 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340042/effects-of-dietary-l-arginine-levels-on-small-intestine-protein-turnover-and-the-expression-of-genes-related-to-protein-synthesis-and-proteolysis-of-layers
#8
L P Miao, C Yuan, X Y Dong, X Y Zhang, M Y Zhou, X T Zou
The aim of this study was to test the effects of dietary L-arginine (Arg) levels on protein turnover in the small intestine and the expression of genes related to protein synthesis and proteolysis of laying hens. Xinyang Black commercial laying hens (n = 864, aged 217 d) were randomly distributed to 6 treatments with 4 replicates of 36 birds. The dietary treatments were corn-corn gluten meal based diets containing 0.64, 0.86, 1.03, 1.27, 1.42 and 1.66% L-Arg, respectively. Fractional protein synthesis rate (FSR) and fractional protein gain rate (FGR) in the jejunum were the highest in the 1...
March 9, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339985/effects-of-dietary-rapeseed-meal-supplementation-on-cecal-microbiota-in-laying-hens-with-different-flavin-containing-monooxygenase-3-genotypes
#9
C Long, J Wang, H J Zhang, S G Wu, G H Qi
To evaluate the effect of dietary rapeseed meal (RM) supplementation on cecal trimethylamine and bacteria in laying hens with different flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) genotypes, a 3 × 2 2-factorial arrangement was employed using FMO3 genotypes (AA, AT, and TT) and dietary RM (0 and 14% of diet) as the main effects. At 50 wk of age, 36 hens of AT genotype and 36 hens of TT genotype were randomly allotted to one of the 2 dietary treatments, and each dietary treatment consisted of 3 replicates with 6 birds each...
March 4, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339832/effects-of-feeding-original-xpc%C3%A2-to-broilers-with-a-live-coccidiosis-vaccine-under-industrial-conditions-part-2-cecal-microbiota-analysis
#10
S H Park, S Roto, H Pavlidis, D McIntyre, K Striplin, L Brammer, S C Ricke
Biological supplements in poultry feed are of continued interest due to the improvements in growth performance, protection from pathogen invasion, and benefits in overall host health. The fermentation metabolites of Diamond V Original XPC™ (XPC) have previously been shown to improve commercial performance and reduce Salmonella in poultry. The current study sought to characterize the cecal microbiota using culture-independent analysis based on 16S rRNA gene in Coccivac-D sprayed broilers supplemented with XPC and/or Salinomycin (SAL)...
March 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339792/interference-of-age-and-supplementation-of-direct-fed-microbial-and-essential-oil-in-the-activity-of-digestive-enzymes-and-expression-of-genes-related-to-transport-and-digestion-of-carbohydrates-and-proteins-in-the-small-intestine-of-broilers
#11
M F Fernandez-Alarcon, N Trottier, J P Steibel, R Lunedo, D M B Campos, A M Santana, J M Pizauro, R L Furlan, L R Furlan
The objectives of this study were to describe alterations that age and dietary inclusion of direct-fed microbial (DFM) Bacillus subtilis (BS) and a specific essential oil (EO) blend (carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, cineol, and pepper extract) causes in the activity of digestive enzymes (maltase: MALT; aminopeptidase-N: APN; intestinal alkaline phosphate: IAP) and expression patterns of genes related to transport (oligopeptide transporter gene: SLC15A1; Na+-dependent glucose and galactose transporter gene: SLC5A1; Na+-independent glucose, galactose, and fructose transporter gene: SLC2A2; ATPase, Na+/K+ transporting gene: ATP1A1) and digestion (aminopeptidase-N gene: ANPEP; maltase-glucoamylase gene: MGAM; Sucrase-isomaltase gene: SI) of carbohydrates and proteins in the small intestine of broilers...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339790/does-systemic-administration-of-casein-phosphopeptides-affect-orthodontic-movement-and-root-resorption-in-rats
#12
Lachlan Crowther, Gang Shen, Mohammed Almuzian, Allan Jones, William Walsh, Rema Oliver, Peter Petocz, Nour E Tarraf, M Ali Darendeliler
Objectives: To assess the potential effects of casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) on orthodontically induced iatrogenic root resorption (OIIRR) and orthodontic teeth movement. Materials and methods: Forty Wistar rats (aged 11 weeks) were randomly divided into experimental group (EG; n = 20) that received a diet supplemented with CPP and control group (CG; n = 20) devoid of diet supplement. A 150 g force was applied using nickel titanium (NiTi) coil that was bonded on maxillary incisors and extended unilaterally to a maxillary first molar...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339714/effect-of-whole-yeast-cell-product-supplementation-citristim%C3%A2-on-immune-responses-and-cecal-microflora-species-in-pullet-and-layer-chickens-during-an-experimental-coccidial-challenge
#13
Ashley D Markazi, Victor Perez, Mamduh Sifri, Revathi Shanmugasundaram, Ramesh K Selvaraj
Three separate experiments were conducted to study the effects of whole yeast cell product supplementation in pullets and layer hens. Body weight gain, fecal and intestinal coccidial oocyst counts, cecal microflora species, cytokine mRNA amounts, and CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell populations in the cecal tonsils were analyzed following an experimental coccidial infection. In Experiment I, day-old Leghorn layer chicks were fed 3 experimental diets with 0, 0.1, or 0.2% whole yeast cell product (CitriStim®, ADM, Decatur, IL)...
February 21, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339711/interactions-of-full-fat-canola-seed-oat-hulls-as-an-insoluble-fiber-source-and-pellet-temperature-for-nutrient-utilization-and-growth-performance-of-broiler-chickens
#14
R Barekatain, R A Swick, M Toghyani, C T de Koning
The effectiveness of the addition of oat hulls (OH) as an insoluble fiber for improving nutrient digestibility and performance of birds fed diets containing full-fat canola seed (CS) was studied. A 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments was used to assess the main effects of canola source (CS vs canola meal plus oil as control), OH (0 or 3%), pellet temperature (75 and 90°C) and their interactions. A total of 576 male day-old Ross 308 chickens were assigned to 8 experimental treatments, each replicated 6 times (12 birds per replicate)...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339710/productive-performance-and-blood-profiles-of-laying-hens-fed-hermetia-illucens-larvae-meal-as-total-replacement-of-soybean-meal-from-24-to-45-weeks-of-age
#15
S Marono, R Loponte, P Lombardi, G Vassalotti, M E Pero, F Russo, L Gasco, G Parisi, G Piccolo, S Nizza, C Di Meo, Y A Attia, F Bovera
The aim of the research was to study the effects of an insect meal from Hermetia illucens larvae (HILM) as complete replacement of soybean meal (SBM) on productive performance and blood profiles of laying hens, from 24 to 45 wk of age. A total of 108 24-week-old Lohmann Brown Classic laying hens was equally divided into 2 groups (54 hens/group, 9 replicates of 6 hens/group). From 24 to 45 wk of age, the groups were fed 2 different isoproteic and isoenergetic diets: the control group (SBM) was fed a corn-soybean meal based diet, while in the HILM group the soybean meal was completely replaced by Hermetia illucens larvae meal...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339339/use-of-dietary-supplements-improved-diet-quality-but-not-cardiovascular-and-nutritional-biomarkers-in-socioeconomically-diverse-african-american-and-white-adults
#16
Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, May A Beydoun, Emily Stave Shupe, Ryan T Pohlig, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans
Knowledge of the contribution of supplements to overall nutritional health is limited. The research objectives were to describe motivations for use of dietary supplements by African Americans and Whites examined in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study and to determine if supplements provided beneficial effects to micronutrient diet quality and nutritional and cardiovascular biomarkers. The majority of the HANDLS study population were smokers, overweight or obese, and self-reported their health as poor to good...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339172/maternal-high-fat-diet-consumption-enhances-offspring-susceptibility-to-dss-induced-colitis-in-mice
#17
Shima Bibi, Yifei Kang, Min Du, Mei-Jun Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Maternal high-fat diet (HFD) may alter the offspring intestinal immune system, thereby enhancing susceptibility toward inflammatory bowel disease. The objective of the current study was to investigate the impact of maternal HFD on offspring intestinal health using a mouse model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. METHODS: Dams were provided with either HFD (60%) or control diet. After weaning, female offspring from both groups were kept on 45% HFD...
March 24, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338837/associations-of-leukocyte-telomere-length-with-aerobic-and-muscular-fitness-in-young-adults
#18
Dylan M Williams, Jessica L Buxton, Marko T Kantomaa, Tuija H Tammelin, Alexandra I F Blakemore, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Decline in both telomere length and physical fitness over the life course may contribute to increased risk of several chronic diseases. The relationship between telomere length and aerobic and muscular fitness is not well characterized. We examined whether there are cross-sectional associations of mean relative leukocyte telomere length (LTL) with objective measures of aerobic fitness, muscle strength, and muscle endurance, using data on 31-year-old participants of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (n = 4,952-5,205, varying by exposure-outcome analysis)...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338708/lower-risk-of-incident-dementia-among-chinese-older-adults-having-three-servings-of-vegetables-and-two-servings-of-fruits-a-day
#19
Allen T C Lee, Marcus Richards, Wai C Chan, Helen F K Chiu, Ruby S Y Lee, Linda C W Lam
Background: dietary modification can potentially reduce dementia risk, but the importance of fruits and the amount of vegetables and fruits required for cognitive maintenance are uncertain. We examined whether the minimal daily requirement of vegetables and fruits recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) would independently lower dementia risk. Methods: in this population-based observational study, we examined the diet of 17,700 community-living dementia-free Chinese older adults who attended the Elderly Health Centres in Hong Kong at baseline and followed their cognitive status for 6 years...
February 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338210/testing-food-related-inhibitory-control-to-high-and-low-calorie-food-stimuli-electrophysiological-responses-to-high-calorie-food-stimuli-predict-calorie-and-carbohydrate-intake
#20
Kaylie A Carbine, Edward Christensen, James D LeCheminant, Bruce W Bailey, Larry A Tucker, Michael J Larson
Maintaining a healthy diet has important implications for physical and mental health. One factor that may influence diet and food consumption is inhibitory control-the ability to withhold a dominant response in order to correctly respond to environmental demands. We examined how N2 amplitude, an ERP that reflects inhibitory control processes, differed toward high- and low-calorie food stimuli and related to food intake. A total of 159 participants (81 female; M age = 23.5 years; SD = 7.6) completed two food-based go/no-go tasks (one with high-calorie and one with low-calorie food pictures as no-go stimuli) while N2 amplitude was recorded...
March 24, 2017: Psychophysiology
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