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Yujen Tseng, Lili Ma, Tiancheng Luo, Xiaoqing Zeng, Na Li, Yichao Wei, Ji Zhou, Feng Li, Shiyao Chen
Portal hypertension secondary to liver cirrhosis may cause a number of life-threatening complications. The rupture of gastroesophageal varices is associated with a high mortality rate of 15-30%. Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is an accurate reflection of disease severity, however this can only be assessed via an invasive interventional procedure. The aim of the present study was to explore a non-invasive method based on 3D computed tomography (CT) volume rendering technology to accurately predict HVPG...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Chen-Yi Liao, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Pauling Chu, Kuang-Yu Wei, Tseng-Min Feng, Fu-Huang Lin, Chang-Huei Tsao, Chia-Chao Wu, Wu-Chien Chien
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the risk of osteoporosis in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) using a nationwide population-based dataset. METHODS: In a cohort study of 986,713 individuals, we selected 2,493 PBC patients who were aged 18 years or older and had been diagnosed with PBC, based on the International Classification of Disease (ICD-9-CM) codes 571.6, during 20002010. The control cohort comprised 9,972 randomly selected, propensity matched patients (by age, gender, and index date), without PBC...
2018: PloS One
Soo-Young Kang, Zhaoxia Ji, Ling-Fang Tseng, Sara A Turner, Dinara A Villanueva, Rhiannon Johnson, Ariana Albano, Robert Langer
Waterborne polyurethanes (WBPUs) have attracted increasing attention in a wide range of industrial applications because of their versatile properties as well as ecofriendly nature. Although extensive research has been carried out on WBPU synthesis, the roles of some of the key synthesis components remain unclear. In this study, through systematically controlling and fine tuning the precursor compositions and reaction conditions, over 300 WBPUs are synthesized. This research enables the roles of several key components that govern WBPU physicochemical properties and ultimately the potential WBPU applications to be identified...
March 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Wei-En J Tseng, Siew-Na Lim, Lu-An Chen, Shuo-Bin Jou, Hsiang-Yao Hsieh, Mei-Yun Cheng, Chun-Wei Chang, Han-Tao Li, Hsing-I Chiang, Tony Wu
Whether the cognitive processing of music and speech relies on shared or distinct neuronal mechanisms remains unclear. Music and language processing in the brain are right and left temporal functions, respectively. We studied patients with musicogenic epilepsy (ME) that was specifically triggered by popular songs to analyze brain hyperexcitability triggered by specific stimuli. The study included two men and one woman (all right-handed, aged 35-55 years). The patients had sound-triggered left temporal ME in response to popular songs with vocals, but not to instrumental, classical, or nonvocal piano solo versions of the same song...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Kuo-Fu Tseng, Pan Wang, Yuh-Ru Julie Lee, Joel Bowen, Allison M Gicking, Lijun Guo, Bo Liu, Weihong Qiu
In animals and fungi, cytoplasmic dynein is a processive minus-end-directed motor that plays dominant roles in various intracellular processes. In contrast, land plants lack cytoplasmic dynein but contain many minus-end-directed kinesin-14s. No plant kinesin-14 is known to produce processive motility as a homodimer. OsKCH2 is a plant-specific kinesin-14 with an N-terminal actin-binding domain and a central motor domain flanked by two predicted coiled-coils (CC1 and CC2). Here, we show that OsKCH2 specifically decorates preprophase band microtubules in vivo and transports actin filaments along microtubules in vitro...
March 14, 2018: Nature Communications
Ping-Tao Tseng, Yu-Shian Cheng, Yen-Wen Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Paul Whiteley, Andre F Carvalho, Dian-Jeng Li, Tien-Yu Chen, Wei-Cheng Yang, Chia-Hung Tang, Che-Sheng Chu, Wei-Chieh Yang, Hsin-Yi Liang, Ching-Kuan Wu, Cheng-Fang Yen, Pao-Yen Lin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder, and nutritional deficiency may play a role in the development of ASD. A relationship between ASD and iron levels/iron deficiency (ID) has been reported; however, the results have been inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to examine the relationship between ASD and ID following the Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines. We performed a systematic search of PubMed, ScienceDirect, Embase, ProQuest, ClinicalTrials...
February 2018: Nutrition Research
Tuyen Van Duong, Te-Chih Wong, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Tzen-Wen Chen, Tso-Hsiao Chen, Yung-Ho Hsu, Sheng-Jeng Peng, Ko-Lin Kuo, Chi-Sin Wang, I-Hsin Tseng, Yi-Wei Feng, Tai-Yue Chang, Chien-Tien Su, Shwu-Huey Yang
Dietary energy intake strongly linked to dialysis outcomes. We aimed to explore the optimal cut-off point of energy intake (EI) for identification of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in hemodialysis patients. The cross-sectional data of 243 hemodialysis patients from multi-dialysis centers in Taiwan was used. The dietary intake was assessed by using the three-day dietary questionnaire, and a 24-hour dietary recall, clinical and biochemical data were also evaluated. The MetS was diagnosed by the Harmonized Metabolic Syndrome criteria...
2018: PloS One
Xiaobin Xu, Shuang Hou, Natcha Wattanatorn, Fang Wang, Qing Yang, Chuanzhen Zhao, Xiao Yu, Hsian-Rong Tseng, Steven J Jonas, Paul S Weiss
An efficient nonviral platform for high-throughput and subcellular precision targeted intracellular delivery of nucleic acids in cell culture based on magnetic nanospears is reported. These magnetic nanospears are made of Au/Ni/Si (∼5 μm in length with tip diameters <50 nm) and fabricated by nanosphere lithography and metal deposition. A magnet is used to direct the mechanical motion of a single nanospear, enabling precise control of position and three-dimensional rotation. These nanospears were further functionalized with enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP)-expression plasmids via a layer-by-layer approach before release from the underlying silicon substrate...
March 14, 2018: ACS Nano
Ying-Chun Shih, Chao-Ling Chen, Yan Zhang, Rebecca L Mellor, Evelyn M Kanter, Yun Fang, Hua-Chi Wang, Chen-Ting Hung, Jing-Yi Nong, Hui-Ju Chen, Tzu-Han Lee, Yi-Shuan Tseng, Chiung-Nien Chen, Chau-Chung Wu, Shuei-Liong Lin, Kathryn A Yamada, Jeanne M Nerbonne, Kai-Chien Yang
<u>Rationale:</u> Cardiac fibrosis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF). Excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) resulting from cardiac fibrosis impairs cardiac contractile function and increases arrhythmogenicity. Current treatment options for cardiac fibrosis, however, are limited and there is a clear need to identify novel mediators of cardiac fibrosis to facilitate the development of better therapeutics. Exploiting co-expression gene network analysis on RNA sequencing data from failing human heart, we identified thioredoxin domain containing 5 (TXNDC5), a cardiac fibroblast (CF)-enriched endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein, as a potential novel mediator of cardiac fibrosis and we completed experiments to test this hypothesis directly...
March 13, 2018: Circulation Research
Hsin-Yao Wang, Tzong-Yi Lee, Yi-Ju Tseng, Tsui-Ping Liu, Kai-Yao Huang, Yung-Ta Chang, Chun-Hsien Chen, Jang-Jih Lu
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one of the most important clinical pathogens, conducts an increasing number of morbidity and mortality in the world. Rapid and accurate strain typing of bacteria would facilitate epidemiological investigation and infection control in near real time. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry is a rapid and cost-effective tool for presumptive strain typing. To develop robust method for strain typing based on MALDI-TOF spectrum, machine learning (ML) is a promising algorithm for the construction of predictive model...
2018: PloS One
Chiung-Yao Huang, Wan-Ru Tseng, Atallah F Ahmed, Pei-Lun Chiang, Chi-Jen Tai, Tsong-Long Hwang, Chang-Feng Dai, Jyh-Horng Sheu
Three new polyoxygenated steroids, michosterols A-C ( 1 - 3 ), and four known compounds ( 4 - 7 ) were isolated from the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of the soft coral Lobophytum michaelae , collected off the coast of Taitung. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and comparison of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data with related steroids. The cytotoxicity of compounds 1 - 3 against the proliferation of a limited panel of cancer cell lines was assayed...
March 13, 2018: Marine Drugs
Min Tseng, Wan-Ping Chiang, Hsuen-Chun Liao, Sung-Yuan Hsieh, Gao-Fung Yuan
Strain 06168H-1T was isolated from a fishpond sediment sample collected from the southern area of Taiwan, and a polyphasic approach was used to determine its taxonomic position. The isolate grew between 20-40 °C and 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl. It produced branched and unfragmented substrate mycelia. Short spore chains (3-10 spores per chain) formed on branched aerial mycelia. The spore chains contained non-motile, smooth-surfaced, oval spores. Galactose, arabinose and ribose were the whole-cell sugars and meso-diaminopimelic acid was present in its peptidoglycan...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Orrin Devinsky, Daniel Friedman, Jocelyn Y Cheng, Ellen Moffatt, Anthony Kim, Zian H Tseng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Neurology
Chia-Ying Liu, Chih-Cheng Lai, Hsiu-Tzy Chiang, Min-Chi Lu, Ling-Fang Wang, Tsai-Ling Tsai, Mei-Yu Kang, Yi-Ni Jan, Yi-Ting Lo, Wen-Chien Ko, Shu-Hui Tseng, Chun-Ming Lee, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study investigated the distribution and persistence of multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs) including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA), and multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) in six long-term care facilities (LTCFs). METHODS: We investigated the distribution of MDROs in residents of six LTCFs and their environments from January to December 2016 (intervention period)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Victor J Drew, Ching-Li Tseng, Jerard Seghatchian, Thierry Burnouf
Dry eye syndrome (DES) is a multifactorial, frequent, pathology characterized by deficient tear production or increased evaporation of tears and associated with ocular surface alteration and inflammation. It mostly affects, but not exclusively, older individuals and leads to varying degrees of discomfort and decreased quality of life. Although the typical treatments of DES rely on using artificial tears, polyunsaturated fatty acids, integrin antagonists, anti-inflammatory agents, or on performing punctal occlusion, recently, standardized blood-derived serum eye drops (SED) are generating much interest as a new physiological treatment option...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Chin-Lin Tseng, Orysya Soroka, Leonard M Pogach
AIM: To expand the existing United States Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) Diabetes composite (AHRQ-DC) to include additional preventable hospitalizations specific or relevant to diabetes. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 834,696 veteran patients with diabetes aged ≥65 years in 2012. An Expanded Diabetes Composite (Expanded-DC) was developed utilizing: (1) the diabetes-specific category: the AHRQ-DC (short-term and long-term complications, uncontrolled diabetes, lower extremity amputations) and two proposed conditions: hypoglycemia and lower extremity ulcers/inflammation/infections (LEU) and (2) the diabetes-relevant category: the AHRQ-Acute Composite (dehydration, pneumonia, urinary tract infections) and one proposed condition, acute kidney injury (AKI)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Mary M Mitchell, Eric D Hansen, Tuo-Yen Tseng, Meng Shen, Cynda Rushton, Tom Smith, Nancy Hutton, Jennifer Wolfe, Lee Bone, Jeanne Keruly, Lawrence Wissow, Amy R Knowlton
CONTEXT & OBJECTIVE: Advance care planning (ACP) rates remain low, especially among people who are HIV positive, disadvantaged, and African American. While ACP can be a sensitive topic for clinicians and patients to discuss, health values clarification can be an important initial step. METHODS: Data were from the first 325 participants in the AFFIRM Care study, which enrolled adults living with HIV/AIDS in Baltimore, MD, who had histories of illicit drug use...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Ayòtúndé B Fadayomi, Gyulnara G Kasumova, Omidreza Tabatabaie, Susanna W L de Geus, Tara S Kent, Sing Chau Ng, A James Moser, Mark P Callery, Stanley W Ashley, Jennifer F Tseng
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are common following pancreatectomy and associated with significant morbidity and economic burden. We sought to identify distinct predictors for superficial versus deep/organ space SSIs and their effects on surgical outcomes. METHODS: ACS-NSQIP targeted pancreatectomy 2014 and 2015 databases were queried. Univariate and multivariate models were developed for both types of SSI, length of stay (LOS), and readmission. Costs were estimated based on Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recommendations...
March 8, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Shang-Yu Chen, Tzu-Hua Weng, Wen-Pin Tseng, Chia-Ming Fu, Hui-Wen Lin, Chun-Hsing Liao, Tai-Fen Lee, Po-Ren Hsueh, Cheng-Chung Fang, Shey-Ying Chen
Few studies analyzed the association between blood culture time to positivity (TTP) and risk of complicated nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) bacteremia. We conducted a retrospective study of 206 patients (aged 60.4 ± 17.4 years) with NTS bacteremia during a 30-month period. Complicated NTS bacteremia was defined as the presence of 30-day mortality, complicated infection requiring surgery or abscess drainage, or requirement of intensive care unit admission. Serogroup D (75.7%) was the predominant isolates. Malignancy (44...
February 13, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Chien-Heng Shen, Shui-Yi Tung, Min-Jen Tseng, Yu-Wei Leu
Notch signaling is a candidate pathway that transmits environmental information into the cell and interferes with the epigenome of gastric cancer. This study aimed to explore if the Notch pathway was abnormally regulated during gastric tumorigenesis. To achieve the goal, Delta-like ligands (DLL1) gene expression, Notch upstream signal, promoter methylation and its correlation with DLL1 expression were examined by methylation-specific PCR and real time (RT)-PCR in cultured gastric cancer cell lines or gastric cancer patient samples...
March 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Physiology
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